Memorializing America’s `domestic soldiers’

Memorializing America’s `domestic soldiers’ – National Peace Officers Memorial Day

Richard Kolb

National Peace Officers Memorial Day is commemorated May 15. This year, 478 officers’ names will be added to the National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial in Washington, D.C. Some 226 were killed in the line of duty in 2001. Some of the remainder died as long ago as the 1800s. This will bring the grand total to 15,925 officers. Their deaths date back to that of Deputy Sheriff Isaac Smith, shot to death on May 17, 1792, in New York City. As a tribute to all their sacrifices, VFW magazine offers this symbolic memorial listing of the deadliest incidents in American law enforcement history.

Multiple Fatality Law Enforcement Incidents

Felonious Actions Resulting in Three or More Officer Deaths (in

descending order)

# KILLED DATE PLACE AGENCY

60 9/11/200 New York City NYPD (23) and

Port Authority (37)

13 9/14/1874 New Orleans New Orleans M.P.D.

10 6/15/1881 Moab, Utah Blue Mountain and

Colorado Posses

9 11/24/1917 Milwaukee, Wis. Milwaukee P.D.

8 4/15/1872 Tahlequah, Okla. U.S. Marshals Service

8 4/19/1995 Oklahoma City Customs Service,

Secret Service,

HUD, DEA

7 5/4/1886 Chicago Chicago P.D.

6 12/15/1890 Standing Rock Bureau of Indian

Reservation, Affairs Law

S.D. Enforcement Div.

6 4/7/1902 Tuscumbia, Ala. Colbert Co. S.D.

6 1/2/1932 Springfield, Mo. Greene Co. S.D. and

Springfield P.D.

5 (1) 8/23/1917 Houston Houston P.D.

5 (2) 1/7/1973 New Orleans New Orleans P.D.

4 (3) 7/13-18/1863 New York City New York P.D.

4 3/14/1873 Lampasas, Texas Texas State Police

4 5/1/1885 Delaware Bend, U.S. Marshals Service

Okla.

4 6/17/1933 Kansas City, Mo. KC (Mo.) P.D., FBI

and McAlester

(Okla.) P.D.

4 9/20/1948 Kansas City, Mo. Kansas City (Mo.)

P.D.

4 (4) 7/23/1968 Cleveland Cleveland P.D.

4 4/6/1970 Newhall, Calif. California Highway

(I-5) Patrol

4 2/28/1993 Waco, Texas Bureau of Alcohol,

Tobacco & Firearms

3 1/17/1887 Eufaula, Okla. U.S. Marshals Service

3 9/1/1893 Ingalls, Okla. U.S. Marshals Service

3 10/21/1904 St. Louis St. Louis P.D.

3 2/10/1918 Galiuro Mts., Graham Co. S.D.

Ariz.

3 5/21/1918 Washington, D.C. Metropolitan P.D. and

Charles Co. (Md.)

S.D.

3 (5) 8/31/1921 Blair, W.Va. Logan Co. S.D.

3 8/7/1927 Atlantic Ocean, Coast Guard (2) and

off Ft. Secret Service (1)

Lauderdale, Fla.

3 1/2/1928 Tendoy, Idaho Lemhi Co. S.D.

3 5/28/1955 Ocala, Fla. Ocala P.D. (1) and

Marion Co. S.D. (2)

3 7/25/1974 Dewar, Okla. (1) Henryetta (Okla.)

and Schulter, P.D.

Okla. (2)

3 4/1/1976 Miami, Fla. Metro-Dade P.D.

3 7/9/1987 Inkster, Mich. Inkster P.D.

3 12/21/1988 Lockerbie, Diplomatic Security

Scotland Service, Office of

Special

Investigation

3 12/10/1991 California, Mo. Cooper, Miller and

Maniteau Co. S.D.

3 11/22/1994 Washington, D.C. Metropolitan P.D.,

FBI (2)

3 5/19/1998 Tampa, Fla. (2) Tampa P.D. and

and Pasco Co., Florida Highway

Fla. (1) Patrol

3 10/12/1999 Pleasanton, Texas Texas D.P.S. (1) and

Atascosa Co. S.D. (2)

# KILLED DATE PLACE INCIDENT

60 9/11/2001 New York City Bin Laden Terrorist

Attack on World

Trade Center

13 9/14/1874 New Orleans “Battle of Liberty

Place”

10 6/15/1881 Moab, Utah Shoot-out with Ute

Horse Thieves at

Pinhook Draw

9 11/24/1917 Milwaukee, Wis. Anarchist Bombing of

Police HQ

8 4/15/1872 Tahlequah, Okla. Shoot-out with

Cherokees known as

“Going Snake

Massacre”

8 4/19/1995 Oklahoma City Terrorist Bombing

(McVeigh)

7 5/4/1886 Chicago Haymarket Square

Bombing

6 12/15/1890 Standing Rock Shoot-out with

Reservation, Sitting Bull’s

S.D. “Ghost Dancers”

6 4/7/1902 Tuscumbia, Ala. Arrest of Will

Reynolds

6 1/2/1932 Springfield, Mo. Shoot-out with Young

Brothers

5 (1) 8/23/1917 Houston Camp Logan Riot

5 (2) 1/7/1973 New Orleans Sniper at Howard

Johnson’s Motel

4 (3) 7/13-18/1863 New York City Civil War Draft Riots

4 3/14/1873 Lampasas, Texas “Horrel War”

4 5/1/1885 Delaware Bend, Shoot-out with

Okla. Pink-Lee Gang

4 6/17/1933 Kansas City, Mo. Shoot-out with Floyd

Gang at Union

Station

4 9/20/1948 Kansas City, Mo. “Paseo Massacre”

4 (4) 7/23/1968 Cleveland Glenville Shoot-out

with Militants

4 4/6/1970 Newhall, Calif. Newhall Shoot-out

(I-5)

4 2/28/1993 Waco, Texas Shoot-out with Koresh

Cult

3 1/17/1887 Eufaula, Okla. Prisoner (Seaborn

Green) Escape

3 9/1/1893 Ingalls, Okla. Doolin-Dalton Gang

Shoot-out

3 10/21/1904 St. Louis Pine St. Boarding

House Shoot-out

3 2/10/1918 Galiuro Mts., Shoot-out with Power

Ariz. Brothers

3 5/21/1918 Washington, D.C. Arrest

3 (5) 8/31/1921 Blair, W.Va. “Battle of Blair

Mountain”

3 8/7/1927 Atlantic Ocean, Rum Running

off Ft. Shoot-out, Coast

Lauderdale, Fla. Guard Cutter 249

3 1/2/1928 Tendoy, Idaho Arrest Attempt

3 5/28/1955 Ocala, Fla. Domestic Disturbance

3 7/25/1974 Dewar, Okla. (1) Arrest

and Schulter,

Okla. (2)

3 4/1/1976 Miami, Fla. Arrest

3 7/9/1987 Inkster, Mich. Hostage Situation

3 12/21/1988 Lockerbie, Libyan Terrorist

Scotland Bombing of Pan Am

103 Flight

3 12/10/1991 California, Mo. Arrest Attempt

3 11/22/1994 Washington, D.C. Crazed Attack at

Police HQ

3 5/19/1998 Tampa, Fla. (2) Transporting

and Pasco Co., Prisoner/ Prisoner

Fla. (1) Escape

3 10/12/1999 Pleasanton, Texas Ambush

(1) Besides the 5 H.P.D. officers, 2 soldiers

mistaken for policemen and 2 civilians

serving as law enforcers were killed.

(2) First officer killed Dec. 31, 1972; the

remaining four on Jan. 7, 1973.

(3) Two officers died of wounds later and

possibly 9 soldiers were killed.

(4) The fourth officer died years later on

March 9, 1993, as a result of a wound

sustained in that gun battle.

(5) This was a large-scale confrontation

between the state of West Virginia and the

coal miners union.

Note: The National Law Enforcement

Officers Memorial Fund (NLEOMF) includes

less than full-time law enforcement officers

killed in the line of duty depending on job

description, training and circumstances of

death.

The Memorial also includes the 7 officers

killed on Puerto Rico on Oct. 30, 1950; 7

guards killed in the prison riot at Attica,

N.Y., on Sept. 13, 1971; and the 8 guards

killed in the prison riot at Canon City, Colo.,

on Oct. 3, 1929.

LEGEND

D.P.S.: Department of Public Safety

P.D.: Police Department

S.D.: Sheriff’s Department

M.P.D.: Metropolitan Police Department

A special thanks to the NLEOMF for

providing assistance in compiling this list.

The criteria for inclusion, howerer, is VFW

magazine’s.

Paramilitary Constabularies

The Texas Rangers, dating back to 1823, were perhaps

the nation’s first mixed military-law enforcement

force. Since most of their large-scale losses were in

combat with Indians during the mid- 19th century,

they are listed here. Beginning in the Philippines, the

U.S. military assigned officers and NCOs to lead

foreign police-like units overseas. Hence their

casualties also are included under this category.

Marine-led constabularies emerged in Haiti, the

Dominican Republic and Nicaragua during the 1920s.

Texas Rangers (1)

KIA DATE ENGAGEMENT ENEMY

6 4/28/1846 Port Isabel, Texas Mexican Regulars

5 6/26/1839 Bird’s Creek Comanches

5 10/13/1864 Elm Creek Kiowas/Comanches

4 10/12/1838 San Antonio (near) Cherokees

4 6/?/1844 Corpus Christi (near) Indians

4 8/5/1847 Los Tablas, Mexico Indians

4 10/3/1855 Escondido, Mexico Indians & Mexicans

4 11/21/1859 Palo Alto (near) Mexican Bandits

(Cortina War)

3 7/12/1874 Lost Valley Kiowas

Nicaraguan National Guard (2)

KIA DATE ENGAGEMENT ENEMY

10 (3 U.S.) 4/21/32 Las Puertas Nicaraguan Marxists

3 (2 U.S.) 6/15/31 Embocaderos Nicaraguan Marxists

Philippine Constabulary (3)

KIA * DATE ENGAGEMENT ENEMY

23 3/24/1906 Magtaon, Samar Pulajan

14 7/21/1906 Burauen, Leyte Pulajan

11 3/24/1917 Sulu Archipelago Moro

9 12/26/1904 Oras, Samar Pulajan

8 9/16/1903 San Jose, Nueva Ecija Santa Iglesias

7 7/5/1906 Montagara, Leyte Pulajan

6 7/28/1905 Samar Pulajan

6 3/6-8/1906 Bud Dajo, Jolo Moro

6 11/28/1909 Zamboanga, Mindanao Subano

6 1/?/1912 Sulu Archipelago Moro

5 5/?/1905 Pala Fort, Jolo Moro

5 12/5/1906 La Paz, Leyte Pulajan

4 3/27/1902 Palompon, Leyte Filipino

3 7/24/1906 Tabon Tabon, Leyte Pulajan

* The vast majority of the multiple deaths listed here were among

Filipino enlisted men.

(1) The Texas Ranger Hall of Fame and Museum

memorial Web site contains the names of 79

Rangers killed in the line of duty since 1838. Only

those who could be identified by name are included.

Rangers killed in Mexico (1846-48) and the

Civil War while serving with military units are

excluded.

The four books written by Frederick Wilkins contain

several rarely mentioned incidents. His latest

book, Defending the Borders, completes the series

published by State House Press in Austin. Mr.

Wilkins was instrumental in completing this list.

Texas Rangers KIA during the Mexican War serving

with the U.S. Army against Mexicans, such as

the 7 who died at the Battle of Monterey, are not

included on VFW’s list.

(2) U.S. Marines led the Guardia Nacional de

Nicaragua from 1927 through 1932: 20 died while

serving with it, and another 3 perished in the

Managua earthquake of March 31, 1931.

(3) Some 1,000 U.S. Army officers and NCOs led the

Philippine Constabulary from its inception in 1901

through 1918. A total of 17 Americans were killed

in action (11 from 1902 to 1908) while serving with

the PC during this period. Two more Americans

were KIA later (1927 and 1930).

This list is not complete.

Military Police at War

KIA DATE BATTLE WAR

4 7/20/50 Taejon Korean (1)

4 11/29/50 Sunchon Korean

4 1/30/51 Hahoedong, Tanyang Pass Korean

3 1/26/51 Suwon/Han River Korean

16 1/31/68 BOQ #3, Alley Ambush Vietnam (2)

5 1/31/68 Phu Tho Race Track Vietnam

4 1/31/68 U.S. Embassy, Saigon Vietnam

4 1/31/68 Tan Son Nhut Airport Vietnam

3 4/1/66 Victoria Hotel, Saigon Vietnam

3 12/4/66 Tan Son Nhut Airport Vietnam

3 5/28/68 Newport Bridge Vietnam

12 7/18-?/18 Aisne-Marne, France World War I

4 11/7/42 Fedala, Morocco World War II (3)

4 8/8/93 Medina Somalia

2 4/14/68 Tae Song Dong Korea DMZ (4)

KIA DATE UNIT

4 7/20/50 24th MP Co.

4 11/29/50 2nd MP Co.

4 1/30/51 Cos. A & C, 772nd MP Bn.

3 1/26/51 25th MP Co.

16 1/31/68 C Co., 716th MP Bn.

5 1/31/68 716th MP Bn.

4 1/31/68 527th MP Co.

4 1/31/68 377th Security Police Squadron

3 4/1/66 C Co., 716th MP Bn.; AT 46

3 12/4/66 377th Air Police Squadron

3 5/28/68 A Co., 720th MP Bn.

12 7/18-?/18 3rd Division MP Co.

4 11/7/42 204th MP Co.

4 8/8/93 977th MP Co. (3); 300th MP Co.

2 4/14/68 Army Support Group (MPs)

AT= Advisory Team

(1) In the Korean War, 54 Army MPs were

killed in combat, although some may have

been serving in another capacity at the

time of their deaths.

(2) A total of 27 Army MPs were KIA at

various places during the Tet Offensive

(Jan. 31-Feb. 6, 1968). In the Vietnam War,

109 Army MPs of the 18th MP Brigade and

20 Air Force security policemen were

killed in combat.

On May 13, 1975, during the Mayaguez

rescue operation off Cambodia, a

helicopter ferrying the 56th Security Police

Squadron accidentally crashed in

Thailand, killing 18 security policemen.

(3) In WWII, 285 Army MPs were killed in

combat in Europe and the Pacific.

(4) In addition to the U.S. MPs, two South

Korean MPs were killed in the North

Korean ambush of the truck.

Note: The National Law Enforcement

Officers Memorial contains the names of

43 military police officers killed in the line

of duty stateside dating back to 1923. MPs

killed in actual war-zone combat are not

listed on that memorial.

COPYRIGHT 2002 Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States

COPYRIGHT 2003 Gale Group