BAT: aiding the intelligence community – Tech Notes
A CRIME suspect or enemy detainee can be easily and accurately enrolled in what’s called the Biometrics Automated Toolset, or BAT — a computerized personnel-identification system developed at the Battle Command Battle Laboratory at Fort Huachuca, Ariz. — in the time it takes someone to press the subject’s index finger against a pocket-sized scanner and take his digital photo.
It’s possible through biometrics, the science of establishing an individual’s identity by his unique physical features. Scientists have found that there are physiological biometric identifiers — facial measurements, hand geometry, color and pattern of the iris and retina, as well as unique behavioral identifiers, such as speech and signature — that distinguish each individual.
BAT uses two forms of identification and recognition — fingerprinting and face recognition — to build electronic dossiers tied to biometric signatures.
The BAT’s small size and user-friendly format make it an ideal system for use in the field. It can run on any computer using Windows 2000. Using off-the-shelf biometrics software and hardware, with the wraparound software developed at Fort Huachuca, the Battle Lab team designed BAT to identify and register prisoners of war, refugees, and other people of interest to officials in the intelligence community.
BAT has already been deployed to Camp Bondsteel, in Kosovo, to military police units in Hawaii, and users in Southwest Asia and Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. V Corps units in Germany, soldiers at Fort Bragg, N.C., and Marines at Camp Pendleton, Calif., are currently evaluating BAT for their potential use.
Through BAT, detainees and POWs are photographed, have their fingerprints scanned and their names and aliases typed into the computer in about a minute. The flexibility of the system also allows other types of information to be easily included in an individual’s record.
Civilian and military law enforcement agencies and other government organizations have expressed interest in the BAT system to interface with their current systems.
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