Physic’s Top 10

Physic’s Top 10

Maia Weinstock

Last year, 250 of the world’s top scientists were asked by Physics World magazine to pick the 10 most influential physicists, scientists who study energy and matter, of the last 1,000 years. Can you match each of the top 10 with his biggest accomplishments?

1. Albert Einstein (1879 – 1955)

2. Sir Isaac Newton (1642 – 1727)

3. James Clerk Maxwell (1831 – 1879)

4. Niels Bohr (1885 – 1962)

5. Werner Heisenberg (1901 – 1976)

6. Galileo Galilei (1564 – 1642)

7. Richard Feynman (1918 – 1988)

8. Paul Dirac (1902 – 1984)

9. Erwin Schrodmger (1887 – 1961)

10. Ernest Rutherford (1871 – 1937)

[] Formulated equations that accurately predict the motion, spin, and. magnetism of electrons

[] Fostered modern theories of light and heat energy, and hypothesized about the composition of Saturn’s rings

[] Helped define the modern atomic model, and first described how atoms produce light of varying colors

[] Created simple diagrams that make the complex behavior of particles much easier to understand

[] Contributed revolutionary ideas about measuring the speed and position of electrons

[] Discovered the theory of relativity: E = [mc.sup.2]

[] Proved the existence of the nucleus, an atom’s dense center of mass

[] Used the telescope to disprove the belief in an Earth-centered universe

[] Originated the study of wave mechanics with a celebrated wave equation

[] Laid the foundation for modern physics with his three laws of motion

COPYRIGHT 2000 Scholastic, Inc.

COPYRIGHT 2000 Gale Group