Powder X-Ray Reference Patterns of [Sr.sub.2]RGa[Cu.sub.2][O.sub.y]

Powder X-Ray Reference Patterns of [Sr.sub.2]RGa[Cu.sub.2][O.sub.y] – R = Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, and Y

W. Wong-Ng

X-Ray Rietveld refinements were conducted on a series of eleven lanthanide phases, [Sr.sub.2]RGa[Cu.sub.2][O.sub.y] (2112 phase, R= Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, Ho, Y, Er, Tm, and Yb) that are structurally related to the high [T.sub.c] superconductor [Ba.sub.2]Y[Cu.sub.3][O.sub.7] (213). In the 2112 structure, instead of square planar Cu-O chains, tetrahedral GaO4 chains were found to run in a zig-zag fashion along the diagonal of the basal 213 ab-direction. Reference powder patterns for these compounds were prepared by using the Rietveld decomposition technique. The unit cell volume of these compounds follows the expected trend of the lanthanide contraction. The lattice parameters range from a = 22.9694(3) A, b = 5.5587(2) A, and c = 5.44743(7) A for R = Pr, to a=22.8059(2) A, b=5.46031(5) A, and c = 5.37773(5) A for R = Yb. An electon diffraction study of the Sm- and Er-analogs showed characteristic diffuse streaks along the b-axis, suggesting some disorder within the [G.sub.a][O.sub.4] chains.

Key words: Rietveld refinements; [Sr.sub.2]RGa[Cu.sub.2][O.sub.7] superconductor related phases; x-ray powder patterns.

Accepted: April 6, 2001

Available online: http://www.nist.gov/jres

1. Introduction

During the search of high [T.sub.c] superconductors, various related phases built from the alternate blocks of perovskite ([ABO.sub.3-x]) and rock salt (AO) units were discovered; these compounds have a general formula [(AO).sub.m][([ABO.sub.3-x]).sub.n]. Two such families are the well-known high temperature superconductor [Ba.sub.2]R[Cu.sub.3][O.sub.7] (213, R = lathanides and yttrium) [1], and also the [Sr.sub.2]R([M.sub.3-x][Cu.sub.x])[O.sub.y] series [2-5], where R= lanthanides and Y. Superconductivity was observed in some [Sr.sub.2]R[([M.sub.3-x][Cu.sub.x])O.sub.y] compounds [2,3]. The structure with x=1 is known as the 2112 type. Detailed structural analysis of these compounds can provide further understanding of the behavior of cuprate superconductors.

[Sr.sub.2]RGa[Cu.sub.2][O.sub.y] (Ga-2112) crystallizes in a space group Ima2 [4] with structure related to that of [Ba.sub.2]Y[Cu.sub.3][O.sub.7]. [Ba.sub.2]Y[Cu.sub.3][O.sub.7] crystallizes in a space group Pmmm with lattice parameters of a = 3.8198(1) A, b = 3.8849(1) A, and c = 11.6762(3) A [1]. Substitution of one-third of Cu in [Sr.sub.2]R[Cu.sub.3][O.sub.6+y] by Ga results in the chemical formula of [Sr.sub.2]RGa[Cu.sub.2][O.sub.y]. The relationship between the lattice parameters of [Sr.sub.2]RGa[Cu.sub.2][O.sub.y] and those of [Ba.sub.2]Y[Cu.sub.3][O.sub.7] was found to be: [a.sub.(2112)] [approximate] 22.8 A [approximate] 2 * [c.sub.(213)], [b.sub.(2112)] [approximate] 5.5 A [approximate] [[square root]2 * [b.sub.(213)]] and [c.sub.(2112)] [approximate] 5.4 A [approximate] [[square root]2 * [a.sub.(213)]]. The structure of the 2112 phase (Fig. 1) has been discussed in detail by Vaughey et al. [4] and Roth et al. [5]. In both the 2112 and 213 structures [6], double-layers of corner-sharing Cu[O.sub.5 ] pyramids are separated by the lanthanide ions. In [Sr.sub.2]RGa[Cu.sub.2][O.sub.y], the connection between two double-layers of Cu[O.sub.5] along the a-axis is mediated by Ga[O.sub.4] tetrahedra. Tetrahedral GaO4 chains were found running along the c-axis (the diagonal of the basal plane of the [Ba.sub.2]Y[Cu.sub.3][O.sub.7] compound) in a zig-zag fashion, which is contrast to the square-planar copper chains typically observed in the 213 compounds. The 8-fold oxygen coordination of R is similar to that found in the 213-phase. Sr plays the role of Ba in 213 by filling the large voids located approximately at the same x-coordinates as the apical oxygens of the Cu[O.sub.5] units. As a result, Sr has a total of 9-fold coordination.

As the powder x-ray diffraction technique is of primary importance for phase characterization, extensive coverage and accurate reference diffraction patterns of the superconductor and related phases in the Powder Diffraction File (PDF) [7] is essential for the high [T.sub.c] superconductivity community. The main goal of this paper is to prepare the standard reference patterns for this series of compounds using the Rietveld refinement method. An electron diffraction study was also carried out to determine if the superlattice lattice exists for the lanthanide Ga-2112 structures.

2. Experimental

2.1 Sample Preparation

About (1-2) g each of the eleven polycrystalline samples of the [Sr.sub.2]RGa[Cu.sub.2][O.sub.y] series (R = Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Y, and Yb) were prepared by the high temperature solid state sintering method. Stoichio-metric powders of Sr[CO.sub.3], [R.sub.2][O.sub.3] (R = Nd to Lu) or [Pr.sub.6][O.sub.11], [Ga.sub.2][O.sub.3] and CuO were mixed and compacted by pressing the powder in a pelletizing die, and were heat treated in air according to the schedule of 850[degrees]C for 2 d, 960[degrees]C for 5 d and 1000[degrees]C for 8 d. Each time after the samples were taken out of the furnace, they were reground and repelletized. Since the differential thermal analysis (DTA) melting temperatures of the Y-and Ndanalogs take place at 1080[degrees]C and 1130[degrees]C, respectively [5], the highest temperature of sample preparation for most samples is below 1050[degrees]C to avoid melting. The highest temperatures of heat treatment for the Tm, Yb, and Lu compositions were around 975[degrees]C and 980[ degrees]. X-Ray powder diffraction was used to identify the phases synthesized and to confirm phase purity.

2.2 Reference Powder X-ray Patterns

2.2.1 Experimental Measurement

For standard pattern measurements, the black [Sr.sub.2]RGa[Cu.sub.2][O.sub.y] powders were mounted in zero-background quartz holders with double-sided adhesive tape. A Scintag PAD V diffractometer [1] equipped with an Ortec intrinsic Ge detector was used to measure the powder patterns (CuK[alpha] radiation, 40 KV 30 mA) from 3[degrees]-140[degrees] 20 in 0.02[degrees] steps every 10 s.

2.2.2 Patterns Analysis

All data processing was carried out using the Rietveld structural refinement technique [8] with the computer program suite GSAS [9]. Published structural models were used [4,5]. A scale factor, a sample displacement coefficient, the atomic coordinates, isotropic displacement coefficients, and the orthorhombic lattice parameters were refined. The diffraction peak profiles were described using a pseudo-Voigt function; only the Gaussian W and Cauchy X (size) terms were refined. Background intensities were described using a 3-term cosine Fourier series.

Reference x-ray patterns of the 10 [Sr.sub.2]RGa[Cu.sub.2][O.sub.y] compounds, where R = Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, and Y were obtained with a Rietveld pattern decomposition technique. These patterns represent ideal specimen patterns. They are corrected for systematic errors both in d-spacings and intensity I. The reported peak positions are calculated from the refined lattice parameters, as they represent the best measure of the true positions. For peaks resolved at the instrument resolution function, the individual peak positions are reported. For overlapping peaks, the intensity-weighted average peak position is reported with multiple indices. For marginally-resolved peaks, individual peaks are reported to simulate the visual appearance of the pattern.

2.2.3 Electron Diffraction Studies

Electron diffraction patterns were measured for the R = Sm and R = Er samples to ensure that a superlattice does not exist in these compounds. The specimens were prepared from the sintered pellets by conventional grinding, polishing and ion thinning. The specimens were examined using a Phillips 430 TEM operated at 200 kV.

3. Results and Discussion

All samples except the Tm and Yb compounds were confirmed to contain a single phase. A small quantity of Y[b.sub.2][Cu.sub.2][O.sub.5] SrY[b.sub.2][O.sub.4] and GaCu[O.sub.2] were found to coexist with the [Sr.sub.2]YbGa[Cu.sub.2][O.sub.y] phase. The pattern for the Yb-analog was not measured because of impurities in the powder. In addition, the smaller size Lu analog cannot be prepared even at a relatively high temperature of 1050[degrees]C. Rather, an x-ray diffraction pattern of a specimen with a nominal composition of [Sr.sub.2]LuGa[Cu.sub.2][O.sub.y] clearly showed a mixture of [Lu.sub.2][Cu.sub.2][O.sub.5], [(Sr,Lu).sub.14][Cu.sub.24][O.sub.41], and [Sr.sub.4][Ga.sub.2]O.sub.7], etc. Apparently, the [Lu.sup3+] ion is too small for the 8-fold oxygen coordination cage; therefore, the compound [Sr.sub.2]LuGa[Cu.sub.2][O.sub.y] is unstable.

The Rietveld refinement results in an acceptable fit to the experimental data (Fig. 2). The similarity of both [Sr.sub.2]NdGa[Cu.sub.2][O.sub.y] and [Ba.sub.2]Nd[Cu.sub.3][O.sub.6+y] structures is revealed in the similarity of their x-ray powder patterns (Fig. 3). X-ray diffraction patterns of three selected samples ([Sr.sub.2]Rga[Cu.sub.2][O.sub.y] R = Nd, Gd, and Ho) are shown in Fig. 4; as expected, the patterns of these analogs are similar up to the small displacements of the corresponding reflections.

X-ray powder diffraction showed the structure of [SR.sub.2]Rga[Cu.sub.2][O.sub.y] to be Ima2. The lattice parameters, densities, and ionic radii [10,11] of these phases are listed in Table 1. The lattice parameters of [Sr.sub.2]Rga[Cu.sub.2][O.sub.y] range from a=23.129(1) A, b=5.5587(2) A, and c = 5.4596(3) A for R = La [12], to a = 22.7964(3) A for R = Er, and b = 5.46031(5) A, and c = 5.37773(5) A for R = Yb. The numbers in parentheses indicate the standard uncertainties, Type A, calculated by the GSAS program suite [9]. Fig. 5 shows a dependence of the unit cell volume on the ionic radius r ([R.sup.3+]) of R = La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, Ho, Y, Er, Tm, and Yb. Except for Ho, a monotonic decrease in volume on going from La to Yb is observed.

In the 2112 structure, instead of square planar Cu-O chains, tetrahedral Ga[O.sub.4] chains were found to run in a zig-zag fashion along the diagonal of the basal 213 ab -direction. A set of selected area (electron) diffraction (SAD) patterns for the R = Sm sample is illustrated in Fig. 6. In addition to the strong fundamental reflections, the pattern of the [100] zone axis exhibits continuous streaks of diffuse intensity along the b-direction. Formation of a superstructure with a doubled periodicity along the c-direction has been reported for the [Sr.sub.2]Yco[Cu.sub.2][O.sub.7] and [Sr.sub.2] [(Nd,Ce).sub.2]Ga[Cu.sub.2][O.sub.9] compounds by Krekels et al. [13]. However, in the present study, no such doubling was observed. The observed streaks can be attributed to a disorder due to presence of oxygen vacancies and/or copper atoms within tetrahedral Ga[O.sub.4] chains extending along the b-direction, similar to that described by Krekels et al. [12]. X-ray diffraction, however, is not as sensitive as neutron diffraction to the disorder of light elements such as oxygen, as reflected in relatively small values ([approximate] 0.004 A) of the refined isotropic temperature factors ([U.sub.iso]).

Tables 2-11 list the reference patterns for [Sr.sub.2]RGa[Cu.sub.2][O.sub.y] (R = Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, and Y). The tables present the d-spacing values, Miller indices and integrated intensities which were normalized to a maximum value of 999. The symbols “M” and “+” refer to peaks containing two or more than two reflections, respectively.

4. Summary

X-ray diffraction patterns of the [[Sr.sub.2]RGa[Cu.sub.2][O.sub.y]] phases were prepared for R = Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, and Y These patterns are similar to those of the well known high-temperature superconductors [Ba.sub.2][YCu.sub.3][O.sub.6+y]. The Lu analog could not be prepared even using higher temperature and prolonged heat-treatments, possibly due to a small size of [Lu.sup.3+], which makes it unstable in the 8-fold coordination.

X-ray powder diffraction showed the structure of [SR.sub.2]RGa[Cu.sub.2][O.sub.y] to be Ima2. [GaO.sub.4] tetrahedral chains were found along the diagonal base of the 213-type cell. Electron diffraction study revealed continuous streaks of diffuse intensity attributed to the presence of oxygen vacancy disorder, and/or the presence of a Cu atom within the [GaO.sub.4] chains. A neutron diffraction study will be conducted to investigate the possible presence of the disordered chains.

About the authors: Winnie Wong-Ng is a senior research chemist in the Phase Equilibria group of the Ceramics Division of the NIST Materials Science and Engineering Laboratory. She has been actively engaged in research in the crystallography, crystal chemistry, and phase equilibria of high temperature electronic oxides since 1986, particularly high temperature superconductor materials. James Kaduk is an associate research scientist with BP Amoco PLC Corporation. He works extensively in the research areas of x-ray and neutron diffraction, including powder and single crystal crystallography. Igor Levin is an expert in transmission electron microscopy (TEM) who is working primarily on high temperature oxides after joining the Phase Equilibria group of the Ceramics Division. William Greenwood was a graduate student, and Jeremy Dillingham was a senior student from the Geology Department of the University of Maryland. The National Institute of Standards and Technology is an agency of the Technology Administration, U .S. Department of Commerce.

(1.) Certain commercial equipment, instruments, or materials are identified in this paper to foster understanding. Such identification does not imply recommendation or endorsement by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, nor does it imply that the materials or equipment identified are necessarily the best available for the purpose.

5. References

(1.) W. Wong-Ng, R. S. Roth, L. Swartzendruber, L. H. Bennett, C. K. Chiang, F. Beech, and C. R. Hubbard, X-Ray Powder Characterization of [Ba.sub.2]Y[Cu.sub.3][O.sub.7-y], Adv. Cer. Mater. 2 (3B), 565 (1987).

(2.) T. Den and T. Kobayashi, Preparation and properties of Y[Sr.sub.2][Cu.sub.3-x][M.sub.x][O.sub.y] (M = Li, Al, Ti, V, Cr, Fe, Co, Ga, Ge, Mo, W, and Re), Physica C 196, 141 (1992).

(3.) S. A. Sunshine, L. F. Schneemeyer, T. Siegrist, D. C. Douglass, J. V. Waszezak, R. J. Cava, E. M. Gyorgy, and D. W. Murphy, Chem. Mater. 1, 331 (1989).

(4.) J. T. Vaughey, J. P. Thiel, E. F. Hasty, D. A. Groenke, C. L. Stern, K. R. Poeppelmeier, B. Dabrowski, D. G. Hinks, and A. W. Mitchell, Synthesis and Structure of a New Family of Cuprate Superconductors: Ln[Sr.sub.2][Cu.sub.2]Ga[O.sub.y], Chem. Mater. 3, 935 (1991).

(5.) G. Roth, P. Adelmann, G. Heger, R. Knotter, and Th. Wolf, The Crystal Structure of RES[r.sub.2]Ga[Cu.sub.2][O.sub.y], J. Phys. 1, 721 (1991).

(6.) F. Beech, F. S. Miraglia, A. Santoro, and R. S. Roth, Phys. Rev. B 35, 8778 (1987).

(7.) PDF, Powder Diffraction File, produced by International Centre for Diffraction Data (ICDD), Newtown Square, 12 Campus Blvd., Newtown Squares, PA 19073-3273.

(8.) H. M. Rietveld, A Profile Refinement Method for Nuclear and Magnetic Structures, J. Appl. Cryst. 2, 65 (1969).

(9.) A. C. Larson and R. B. Von Dreele, GSAS. The General Structure Analysis System, Los Alamos National Laboratory, November 1994.

(10.) R. D. Shannon and C. T. Prewitt, Effective Ionic Radii in Oxides and Fluorides, Acta Cryst. 25, 925 (1969).

(11.) R. D. Shannon, Revised Effective Ionic Radii and Systematic Studies of Interatomic Distances in Halides and Chalcogenides, Acta Cryst. A32, 751 (1976).

(12.) E. Antipov, S. Putlin, and R. Shpanchenko, 45-302, PDF, ICDD Grant-in-Aid program, Moscow State University, Russia (1993).

(13.) T. Krekels, O. Milat, G. van Tendeloo, S. Amelinckx, T. G. N. Babu, A. J. Wright, and C. Greaves, J. Solid State Chem. 105, 313 (1993).

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Table 1. Crystallographic data for the [Sr.sub.2]RGa[Cu.sub.2][O.suby]

series (Ima2, Z = 4; R = La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, Y, Ho, Er, Tm,

and Yb). The effective ionic radii of [R.sup.3+] (eight-coordination)

were taken from Shannon’s Table [10,11]. [D.sub.c] refers to calculated

density

R [R.sup.3+]A a (A) b (A) c (A)

La 1.160 23.129(1) 5.5587(2) 5.4596(3)

Pr 1.126 22.9694(3) 5.55081(7) 5.44743(7)

Nd 1.109 22.9206(2) 5.54344(5) 5.44229(5)

Sm 1.079 22.8708(2) 5.52690(5) 5.42790(5)

Eu 1.066 22.8441(3) 5.51870(8) 5.42102(8)

Gd 1.053 22.8294(2) 5.51236(5) 5.41835(5)

Dy 1.027 22.8015(2) 5.49286(5) 5.40138(5)

Y 1.019 22.8113(2) 5.48069(5) 5.39397(5)

Ho 1.015 22.7975(2) 5.48433(5) 5.39562(5)

Er 1.004 22.7964(3) 5.47497(6) 5.38837(6)

Tm 0.994 22.8024(3) 5.46762(7) 5.38158(7)

Yb 0.985 22.8059(2) 5.46031(5) 5.37773(5)

R Volume ([A.sup.3]) [D.sub.c](kg/[m.sup.2])

La 701.93 5.895 [12]

Pr 694.54 5.977

Nd 691.49 6.035

Sm 686.11 6.147

Eu 683.47 6.181

Gd 681.87 6.247

Dy 676.50 6.348

Y 674.36 5.643

Ho 674.61 6.390

Er 672.52 6.433

Tm 670.95 6.464

Yb 669.67 6.554

Table 2. X-Ray reference pattern for [Sr.sub.2]PrGa[Cu.sub.2][O.sub.y]

(space group Ima2, Z = 4,a = 22.9694(3) A, b = 5.55081(7) A, and c =

5.44743(7) A)

d I h k l d I h k l d I

11.4847 91 2 0 0 5.39550 6 1 1 0 4.49403 20

3.88795 59 0 1 1 3.82823 6 6 0 0 3.68265 47

3.53906 21 5 1 0 3.21943 11 4 1 1 2.87117 11

2.82470 16 7 1 0 2.77541 191 0 2 0 2.72689 999 [*]

2.72689 999 [*] 0 0 2M 2.69775 5 2 2 0 2.65020 10

2.49884 5 4 2 0 2.45922 14 4 0 2M 2.45922 147

2.30965 179 8 1 1 2.24701 50 6 2 0 2.21932 40

2.15848 7 5 1 2 1.99551 22 8 2 0 1.97617 29

1.94397 207 0 2 2 1.91671 26 2 2 2 1.91412 87

1.84132 8 4 2 2 1.77598 7 9 2 1 1.75197 10

1.73330 9 6 2 2 1.72582 6 0 1 3 1.71629 11

1.70665 5 2 1 3 1.65278 5 4 1 3 1.64067 27

1.61078 11 7 3 0M 1.61078 11 8 2 2M 1.59307 129

1.57571 39 12 2 0 1.57333 157 6 1 3 1.56607 53

1.51618 7 1 2 3 1.51159 43 14 1 1 1.49553 46

1.47917 34 8 1 3 1.45205 10 5 3 2 1.41235 21

1.40539 11 14 0 2 1.38757 26 0 4 0M 1.38757 26

1.37768 10 2 4 0 1.36392 75 12 2 2 1.36186 29

1.34246 5 1 4 1 1.29598 5 0 3 3 1.25381 36

1.23647 16 0 4 2 1.22937 5 2 4 2 1.22755 40

1.22260 25 0 2 4 1.21244 15 18 1 1 1.19754 10

1.18923 23 9 4 1M 1.18923 23 14 1 3M 1.18123 20

1.17662 14 6 4 2 1.16465 10 6 2 4 1.12351 12

1.10966 14 12 0 4 1.10142 39 20 1 1 1.08780 5

1.06120 6 20 2 0 1.05953 16 14 4 0 1.05824 9

1.04789 12 14 0 4 1.04638 23 6 5 1 1.03862 13

1.03147 10 18 3 1 1.02991 58 12 2 4M 1.02991 58

1.02606 11 18 1 3 1.01716 25 8 5 1M 1.01716 25

1.00323 6 5 5 2 1.00189 11 8 1 5 0.98880 7

0.98745 19 14 4 2 0.98034 17 14 2 4 0.97199 17

0.96852 5 2 4 4 0.96049 36 20 3 1 0.95611 26

0.94717 7 0 5 3 0.91944 21 6 5 3 0.91180 27

0.90928 7 18 3 3 0.90790 9 0 0 6 0.89942 23

0.89942 23 6 6 0M 0.89571 10 14 1 5 0.89233 14

0.88342 11 26 0 0M 0.88342 11 6 0 6M 0.87796 6

0.87598 15 0 6 2 0.87345 9 2 6 2 0.86665 24

0.86291 28 0 2 6 0.86148 23 26 1 1 0.86048 6

0.85953 49 20 3 3 0.85875 10 9 6 1M 0.85875 10

0.85391 6 6 6 2 0.84874 11 12 5 3M 0.84874 11

0.84171 30 26 2 0M 0.84171 30 20 4 2M 0.84034 14

0.83705 26 20 2 4M 0.83705 26 24 1 3M 0.83620 43

0.83620 43 11 6 1M 0.83295 5 12 6 0 0.82783 9

0.82030 26 12 0 6M 0.82030 26 14 5 3M

d h k l

11.4847 3 1 0

3.88795 2 1 1

3.53906 8 0 0

2.82470 6 1 1M

2.72689 2 0 2

2.49884 1 2 1M

2.30965 6 0 2

2.15848 8 0 2+

1.94397 12 0 0

1.84132 0 3 1

1.73330 5 3 0

1.70665 14 0 0

1.61078 6 3 1

1.57571 12 0 2

1.51618 8 3 1

1.47917 14 2 0

1.40539 7 3 2

1.37768 0 0 4

1.34246 14 2 2

1.23647 6 3 3

1.22260 14 3 1

1.18923 8 3 3

1.7662 12 4 0

1.10966 0 5 1

1.06120 20 0 2

1.04789 12 4 2

1.03147 6 1 5M

1.02606 14 3 3M

1.00323 20 2 2

0.98745 0 4 4

0.96852 20 1 3

0.94717 6 3 5

0.90928 8 5 3M

0.89942 8 3 5

0.88342 20 0 4

0.87598 12 4 4

0.86291 2 2 6

0.85953 24 2 2M

0.85391 21 4 1M

0.84171 26 0 2

0.83705 14 4 4M

0.83620 18 5 1

0.82030

Table 3. X-Ray reference pattern for [Sr.sub.2]NdGa[Cu.sub.2][O.sub.y]

(space group Ima2, Z = 4, a = 22.9206(2) A, b = 5.54344(5) A, and c =

5.44229(5) A)

d I h k l d I h k l d I

11.4603 145 2 0 0 4.48683 15 3 1 0 3.88355 68

3.82010 6 6 0 0 3.67810 45 2 1 1 3.53269 18

3.21478 6 4 1 1 2.86508 8 8 0 0 2.81928 16

2.77172 209 0 2 0 2.72286 999 [*] 6 1 1M 2.72286 999 [*]

2.69405 6 2 2 0 2.64754 9 2 0 2 2.45564 8

2.30555 212 8 1 1 2.29206 5 10 0 0 2.24341 57

2.21634 53 6 0 2 2.15576 7 5 1 2 1.99209 24

1.94177 234 0 2 2 1.91449 27 2 2 2 1.91005 93

1.77301 8 9 2 1 1.75304 5 10 0 2 1.74971 12

1.73099 10 6 2 2 1.72412 9 0 1 3 1.71382 13

1.70494 5 2 1 3 1.63719 26 14 0 0 1.60838 11

1.60838 11 8 2 2M 1.59078 153 6 3 1 1.57174 191

1.57174 191 6 1 3M 1.56336 52 12 0 2 1.51457 8

1.50861 48 14 1 1 1.49327 49 8 3 1 1.47727 44

1.45017 13 5 3 2 1.40964 32 14 2 0 1.40285 19

1.38571 25 0 4 0M 1.38571 25 7 3 2M 1.37584 9

1.36138 95 12 2 2M 1.36138 95 0 0 4M 1.35108 6

1.34402 6 16 1 1 1.34070 6 1 4 1 1.29452 5

1.25166 43 14 2 2 1.23493 23 0 4 2 1.22782 6

1.22603 50 6 3 3 1.22136 30 0 2 4 1.20999 17

1.19547 12 14 3 1 1.18737 20 9 4 1M 1.18737 20

1.17969 18 8 3 3 1.17505 15 6 4 2 1.16335 11

1.12353 5 8 2 4 1.12171 13 12 4 0 1.10817 18

1.09917 46 20 1 1 1.08637 5 0 5 1 1.05907 8

1.05777 22 14 4 0 1.05618 8 20 0 2 1.04640 15

1.04494 32 6 5 1 1.03705 15 12 4 2 1.02873 60

1.02873 60 6 1 5M 1.02429 10 18 1 3 1.01568 29

1.01568 29 14 3 3 1.00079 13 8 1 5 0.98696 7

0.98590 23 14 4 2 0.97896 20 14 2 4 0.97089 13

0.95869 29 20 3 1 0.95442 30 20 1 3 0.91827 22

0.91080 27 6 3 5 0.90779 6 18 3 3 0.90705 6

0.89823 23 8 5 3 0.89823 23 6 6 0 0.89454 9

0.89131 15 8 3 5 0.88251 6 6 0 6 0.88156 5

0.87485 14 0 6 2 0.87232 10 2 6 2 0.86549 25

0.86206 21 0 2 6 0.85967 23 26 1 1M 0.85967 23

0.85808 39 20 3 3 0.85278 7 6 6 2 0.84773 6

0.84701 6 21 4 1 0.84092 7 6 2 6 0.84007 26

0.84007 26 20 4 2M 0.83865 15 26 0 2 0.83573 19

0.83509 34 14 4 4 0.83461 5 11 6 1 0.83172 6

0.82647 8 18 5 1

d h k l

11.4603 0 1 1

3.82010 5 1 0

3.21478 7 1 0

2.77172 0 0 2M

2.69405 1 2 1

2.30555 6 2 0

2.21634 8 2 0

1.94177 12 0 0

1.77301 0 3 1

1.73099 5 3 0

1.70494 7 3 0M

1.60838 12 2 0M

1.57174 1 2 3

1.50861 8 1 3

1.45017 14 0 2

1.38571 2 4 0

1.36138 2 0 4

1.34402 0 3 3

1.25166 2 4 2

1.22603 18 1 1

1.19547 14 1 3M

1.17969 6 2 4

1.12353 12 0 4

1.09917 20 2 0

1.05777 14 0 4

1.04494 12 2 4M

1.02873 8 5 1M

1.01568 20 2 2

0.98590 0 4 4

0.95869 6 5 3

0.91080 0 0 6

0.89823 14 1 5

0.89131 26 0 0

0.87485 12 4 4

0.86206 2 2 6M

0.85808 12 5 3

0.84701 26 2 0M

0.84007 20 2 4

0.83509 12 6 0

0.82647

Table 4. X-Ray reference pattern for [Sr.sub.2]SmGa[Cu.sub.2][O.sub.y]

(space group Ima2, Z = 4, a = 22.8708(2) A, b = 5.52690(5) A,

c = 5.42790(5) A)

d I h k l d I h k l d I

11.4356 213 2 0 0 5.71781 8 4 0 0 5.37248 6

4.47485 14 3 1 0 3.87263 56 0 1 1 3.81187 6

3.66801 60 2 1 1 3.52395 20 5 1 0 3.20641 6

2.85891 6 8 0 0 2.81264 12 7 1 0 2.76356 242

2.71613 999 [*] 6 1 1M 2.71613 999 [*] 0 0 2M 2.64051 5

2.44856 5 1 2 1 2.30005 186 8 1 1 2.28712 23

2.23742 43 6 2 0 2.21079 31 6 0 2 2.15014 7

1.96932 21 10 1 1 1.93632 220 0 2 2 1.90620 119

1.90620 119 12 0 0M 1.76852 7 9 2 1 1.72551 14

1.72551 14 2 3 1M 1.70958 13 12 1 1M 1.70958 13

1.70034 7 2 1 3 1.63366 18 14 0 0 1.60482 5

1.58871 5 11 2 1 1.58636 125 6 3 1 1.56898 34

1.56737 157 6 1 3 1.55972 49 12 0 2 1.51039 6

1.50521 41 14 1 1 1.48922 44 8 3 1 1.48471 5

1.47782 6 10 2 2 1,47348 31 8 1 3 1.46985 5

1.44612 9 5 3 2 1.40632 29 14 2 0 1.39963 12

1.38162 40 0 4 0M 1.38162 40 7 3 2M 1.37180 5

1.35831 70 12 2 2 1.35692 23 0 0 4 1.34747 5

1.34101 9 16 1 1 1.29853 5 3 1 4 1.28689 5

1.24863 45 14 2 2 1.23136 14 0 4 2 1.22267 48

1.21802 24 0 2 4 1.20730 19 18 1 1 1.20376 5

1.19247 7 14 3 1 1.18455 18 9 4 1M 1.18455 18

1.17650 18 8 3 3 1.17174 10 6 4 2 1.16023 13

1.11871 16 12 4 0 1.10553 13 16 3 1M 1.10553 13

1.09676 41 1 4 3M 1.09676 41 20 1 1M 1.05667 8

1.05501 21 14 4 0 1.05382 8 20 0 2 1.04382 13

1.04194 25 6 5 1 1.03428 13 12 4 2 1.02618 69

1.02618 69 6 1 5+ 1.02188 8 18 1 3 1.01292 23

0.99904 5 5 5 2 0.99816 13 8 1 5 0.98466 10

0.98332 18 14 4 2 0.97648 13 14 2 4 0.96816 20

0.96560 8 10 1 5 0.95641 30 20 3 1 0.95457 5

0.95220 29 20 1 3 0.94329 5 0 5 3 0.93530 5

0.93294 5 16 4 2 0.91574 23 22 2 2M 0.91574 23

0.90832 31 6 3 5 0.90461 10 0 0 6 0.89579 18

0.89521 5 19 4 1 0.89350 7 4 0 6 0.89227 5

0.88915 17 22 1 3M 0.88915 17 8 3 5M 0.88017 6

0.87215 20 0 6 2M 0.87215 20 10 5 3M 0.86978 5

0.86568 5 10 3 5 0.86318 12 12 4 4 0.86233 7

0.85973 26 0 2 6 0.85781 18 26 1 1 0.85599 48

0.85523 8 9 6 1 0.85413 10 16 1 5 0.85303 5

0.85017 7 4 2 6 0.84493 11 21 4 1 0.83822 33

0.83656 27 26 0 2M 0.83656 27 24 3 1M 0.83351 22

0.83288 27 14 4 4 0.83227 8 11 6 1 0.82939 7

0.82524 6 22 0 4 0.82431 7 18 5 1 0.82038 5

d h k l

11.4356 1 1 0

4.47485 6 0 0

3.66801 4 1 1

2.85891 0 2 0

2.71613 2 0 2

2.44856 10 0 0

2.23742 5 1 2

1.96932 2 2 2M

1.90620 6 2 2M

1.72551 5 3 0M

1.70034 7 3 0

1.58871 12 2 0

1.56737 1 2 3

1.50521 3 2 3

1.47782 15 1 0

1.44612 14 0 2

1.38162 2 4 0

1.35831 2 0 4

1.34101 12 3 1

1.24863 6 3 3

1.21802 4 4 2

1.19247 14 1 3

1.17650 6 2 4

1.11871 12 0 4M

1.09676 20 2 0

1.05501 14 0 4

1.04194 12 2 4+

1.02618 8 5 1

0.99904 20 2 2

0.98332 0 4 4

0.96560 4 4 4

0.95220 18 4 0

0.93294 6 5 3M

0.90832 8 5 3

0.89521 14 1 5

0.88915 6 0 6

0.87215 2 6 2

0.86568 4 6 2

0.85973 20 3 3

0.85523 1 4 5

0.85017 26 2 0

0.83656 24 1 3

0.83288 12 6 0

0.82524 1 6 3

Table 5. X-Ray reference pattern for [Sr.sub.2]EuGa[Cu.sub.2][O.sub.y]

(space group Ima2, Z = 4,a = 22.8441(3) A, b = 5.51870(8) A, and c =

5.42102(8) A)

d I h k l d I h k l d I

11.4221 175 2 0 0 5.71104 5 4 0 0 4.46854 16

3.86731 55 0 1 1 3.80736 7 6 0 0 3.66305 53

3.51929 21 5 1 0 3.20220 7 4 1 1 2.85552 7

2.80905 11 7 1 0 2.75935 347 0 2 0 2.71251 999 [*]

2.71251 999 [*] 0 0 2M 2.63727 12 2 0 2 2.44499 10

2.29717 191 8 1 1 2.28441 10 10 0 0 2.23427 47

2.20811 42 6 0 2 2.14742 6 5 1 2 1.98428 21

1.96589 29 8 0 2 1.93366 275 0 2 2 1.90418 98

1.90418 98 12 0 0M 1.78813 5 3 3 0 1.76617 10

1.75964 5 10 2 0 1.74678 6 10 0 2 1.74200 10

1.72405 12 6 2 2 1.71729 10 0 1 3 1.70644 10

1.69821 6 2 1 3 1.64455 5 4 1 3 1.63172 22

1.60110 5 8 2 2 1.58407 142 6 3 1 1.56577 188

1.56577 188 6 1 3M 1.55785 58 12 0 2 1.50840 5

1.50338 46 14 1 1 1.48712 48 8 3 1 1.47591 7

1.47166 50 8 1 3 1.44409 8 5 3 2 1.40453 17

1.39796 16 14 0 2 1.37963 37 0 4 0M 1.37963 37

1.36972 7 2 4 0 1.35617 92 12 2 2M 1.35617 92

1.33939 10 16 1 1 1.33477 5 1 4 1 1.29714 5

1.28910 5 0 3 3 1.24705 37 14 2 2 1.22956 22

1.22102 47 6 3 3 1.21645 29 0 2 4 1.20585 18

1.19088 12 14 3 1 1.18290 18 14 1 3 1.17493 21

1.17006 11 6 4 2 1.15875 10 6 2 4 1.11714 9

1.10405 12 12 0 4 1.09543 32 20 1 1 1.05536 8

1.05355 18 14 4 0 1.05257 11 20 0 2 1.04255 12

1.04039 27 6 5 1 1.03285 14 12 4 2 1.02491 61

1.02491 61 6 1 5+ 1.02065 9 18 1 3 1.01146 24

1.01146 24 8 5 1M 0.99711 18 5 5 2M 0.99711 18

0.98345 10 20 2 2 0.98198 23 14 4 2 0.97526 16

0.96683 24 0 4 4 0.95519 30 20 3 1 0.95105 28

0.91978 8 0 6 0 0.91436 23 6 5 3 0.90715 26

0.90439 5 18 3 3 0.90350 6 0 0 6 0.90150 5

0.89440 29 8 5 3M 0.89440 29 6 6 0M 0.89118 10

0.88776 18 8 3 5 0.87909 5 6 0 6 0.87100 16

0.86848 10 2 6 2 0.86203 21 12 4 4 0.85865 20

0.85679 20 26 1 1 0.85623 5 2 2 6 0.85490 43

0.84907 9 6 6 2 0.83722 34 26 2 0+ 0.83581 13

0.83267 17 20 2 4 0.83178 28 14 4 4 0.82318 7

d h k l

11.4221 3 1 0

3.86731 2 1 1

3.51929 8 0 0

2.80905 6 1 1M

2.71251 1 2 1

2.29717 6 2 0

2.20811 8 2 0

1.96589 2 2 2M

1.90418 9 2 1

1.75964 0 3 1

1.72405 5 3 0

1.69821 14 0 0

1.60110 12 2 0M

1.56577 1 2 3

1.50338 10 2 2

1.47166 14 2 0

1.39796 7 3 2M

1.36972 0 0 4M

1.33939 6 4 0

1.28910 0 4 2

1.22102 18 1 1

1.19088 8 3 3

1.17006 12 4 0

1.10405 20 2 0

1.05355 14 0 4

1.04039 12 2 4+

1.02491 14 3 3M

1.01146 8 1 5M

0.98345 14 2 4

0.96683 20 1 3

0.91978 6 3 5

0.90439 14 5 1

0.89440 14 1 5

0.88776 0 6 2

0.86848 0 2 6

0.85679 20 3 3

0.84907 26 0 2

0.83267 18 5 1

Table 6. X-Ray reference pattern for [Sr.sub.2]GdGa[Cu.sub.2][O.sub.y]

(space group Ima2, Z = 4, a = 22.8294(2) A, b = 5.51236(5) A, and

c = 5.41835(5)(A)

d I h k l d I h k l d

11.4147 208 2 0 0 4.46419 12 3 1 0 3.86416

3.80491 7 6 0 0 3.66013 49 2 1 1 3.51630

3.19976 6 4 1 1 2.85368 6 8 0 0 2.80688

2.75618 209 0 2 0 2.71072 999 [*] 6 1 1M 2.71072

2.67919 5 2 2 0 2.63595 14 2 0 2 2.44252

2.29555 189 8 1 1 2.28294 16 10 0 0 2.23210

2.20691 36 6 0 2 2.14608 5 5 1 2 1.98249

1.96432 29 8 0 2M 1.96432 29 7 2 1M 1.93208

1.90315 94 2 2 2M 1.90315 94 12 0 0M 1.76469

1.74012 10 0 3 1 1.72271 12 6 2 2 1.71634

1.70460 10 5 3 0 1.69726 6 2 1 3 1.63067

1.60086 7 7 3 0 1.58248 120 6 3 1 1.56478

1.56478 174 6 1 3M 1.55692 43 12 0 2 1.50736

1.50238 39 14 1 1 1.48569 43 8 3 1 1.47481

1.47081 45 8 1 3 1.44277 10 5 3 2 1.40344

1.39711 15 14 0 2 1.37809 17 0 4 0 1.36816

1.35527 81 12 2 2M 1.35527 81 0 0 4M 1.33851

1.28805 5 0 3 3 1.24616 42 14 2 2 1.22831

1.22015 58 6 3 3+ 1.21570 29 0 2 4 1.20505

1.18987 8 14 3 1 1.18209 19 14 1 3M 1.18209

1.17400 20 8 3 3 1.16891 12 6 4 2 1.15803

1.11605 7 12 4 0 1.10345 11 12 0 4 1.09471

1.05461 6 20 2 0 1.05237 28 14 4 0M 1.05237

1.04198 16 14 0 4 1.03926 26 6 5 1 1.03192

1.02455 16 18 3 1M 1.02455 16 12 2 4M 1.02408

1.02002 7 18 1 3 1.01048 20 14 3 3M 1.01048

0.99640 12 8 1 5 0.98277 7 20 2 2 0.98111

0.97465 13 14 2 4 0.96604 18 0 4 4 0.96260

0.95445 28 20 3 1 0.95047 32 20 1 3 0.91349

0.90655 27 6 3 5 0.90335 12 18 3 3M 0.90335

0.89368 15 8 5 3 0.89306 6 6 6 0 0.89069

0.88717 12 8 3 5 0.87865 6 6 0 6 0.87006

0.86754 10 2 6 2 0.86135 16 12 4 4 0.85817

0.85623 16 26 1 1 0.85429 33 20 3 3 0.84817

0.83661 32 26 2 0+. 0.83528 14 26 0 2 0.83215

0.83114 33 14 4 4 0.82731 5 12 6 0 0.82242

d I h k l

11.4147 57 0 1 1

3.80491 20 5 1 0

3.19976 13 7 1 0

2.75618 999 [*] 0 0 2M

2.67919 8 1 2 1

2.29555 46 6 2 0

2.20691 20 8 2 0

1.96432 237 0 2 2

1.90315 6 9 2 1

1.74012 7 0 1 3

1.70460 19 14 0 0

1.60086 174 12 2 0M

1.56478 5 1 2 3

1.50238 8 10 2 2

1.47081 17 14 2 0

1.39711 8 2 4 0

1.35527 8 16 1 1

1.28805 17 0 4 2

1.22015 11 18 1 1

1.18987 19 9 4 1

1.17400 9 6 2 4

1.11605 42 20 1 1

1.05461 28 20 0 2

1.04198 12 12 4 2

1.02455 36 6 1 5

1.02002 20 8 5 1

0.99640 23 14 4 2

0.97465 5 2 4 4

0.95445 16 6 5 3

0.90655 12 0 0 6M

0.89368 7 14 1 5

0.88717 11 0 6 2

0.86754 18 0 2 6

0.85623 7 6 6 2

0.83661 13 20 2 4

0.83114 5 18 5 1

Table 7. X-Ray reference pattern for [Sr.sub.2]DyGa[Cu.sub.2][O.sub.y]

(space group Ima2, Z = 4,a = 22.8015(2) A, b = 5.49286(5) A, and c =

5.40138(5) A)

d I h k l d I h k l d I

11.4008 192 2 0 0 4.45195 17 3 1 0 3.85129 75

3.80025 6 6 0 0 3.64872 57 2 1 1 3.50868 18

3.19122 10 4 1 1 2.85019 10 8 0 0 2.80176 15

2.74643 209 0 2 0 2.70407 999 [*] 6 1 1M 2.70407 999 [*]

2.67005 6 2 2 0 2.62796 17 2 0 2 2.43414 10

2.33024 5 3 2 1 2.29103 203 8 1 1 2.28015 16

2.22597 43 6 2 0 2.20141 34 6 0 2 2.14013 5

1.97768 17 8 2 0 1.96040 24 8 0 2 1.92564 237

1.89969 92 12 0 0M 1.89969 92 2 2 2M 1.78003 5

1.76050 6 9 2 1 1.74224 5 10 0 2 1.73404 13

1.71771 10 6 2 2 1.71089 7 0 1 3 1.69912 10

1.69195 6 2 1 3 1.63868 5 4 1 3 1.62868 26

1.59609 7 7 3 0 1.58196 5 11 2 1 1.57757 161

1.56260 46 12 2 0 1.56008 147 6 1 3 1.55403 51

1.50247 6 1 2 3 1.50006 34 14 1 1 1.48141 53

1.47119 11 10 2 2 1.46690 47 8 1 3 1.43817 10

1.40088 18 14 2 0 1.39469 17 14 0 2 1.37339 34

1.37339 24 0 4 0M 1.36336 10 2 4 0 1.35252 49

1.35034 27 0 0 4 1.34097 5 2 0 4 1.33653 8

1.24354 41 14 2 2 1.22407 17 0 4 2 1.21707 5

1.21624 41 6 3 3 1.21179 18 0 2 4 1.20333 12

1.18715 9 14 3 1 1.17964 12 14 1 3 1.17051 21

1.16512 16 6 4 2 1.15452 9 6 2 4 1.10070 10

1.09318 29 20 1 1 1.05296 5 20 2 0 1.05032 5

1.04985 15 14 4 0 1.03952 20 14 0 4 1.03577 30

1.02903 13 12 4 2 1.02288 6 18 3 1 1.02123 50

1.02123 50 6 1 5M 1.01807 9 18 1 3 1.00822 6

1.00709 14 8 5 1 0.99349 16 8 1 5 0.98103 6

0.97852 20 14 4 2 0.97221 24 14 2 4 0.96282 18

0.95262 32 20 3 1 0.94873 23 20 1 3 0.91048 31

0.90372 26 6 3 5 0.90023 9 0 0 6 0.89081 17

0.88839 6 14 1 5 0.88447 16 8 3 5 0.87698 6

0.87599 5 6 0 6 0.86702 10 0 6 2 0.86452 17

0.85886 20 12 4 4 0.85535 37 0 2 6M 0.85535 37

0.85253 38 20 3 3+ 0.83542 15 26 2 0 0.83427 33

0.83041 28 24 1 3M 0.83041 28 20 2 4M 0.82883 40

0.82474 7 12 6 0 0.82032 6 18 5 1

d h k l

11.4008 0 1 1

3.80025 5 1 0

3.19122 7 1 0

2.74643 0 0 2M

2.67005 1 2 1

2.33024 10 0 0

2.22597 5 1 2

1.97768 0 2 2

1.89969 3 3 0

1.76050 0 3 1

1.71771 5 3 0

1.69195 14 0 0

1.59609 6 3 1

1.56260 12 0 2

1.50247 8 3 1

1.47119 5 3 2

1.40088 7 3 2M

1.37339 12 2 2

1.35034 16 1 1

1.24354 2 4 2

1.21624 18 1 1

1.18715 8 3 3

1.16512 12 0 4

1.09318 20 0 2

1.04985 6 5 1

1.02903 12 2 4M

1.02123 14 3 3

1.00709 20 2 2

0.97852 0 4 4

0.95262 6 5 3

0.90372 8 5 3

0.88839 26 0 0

0.87599 2 6 2

0.85886 26 1 1M

0.85253 20 4 2+

0.83041 14 4 4

0.82474

Table 8. X-Ray reference pattern for [Sr.sub.2]HoGa[Cu.sub.2][O.sub.y]

space group Ima2, Z = 4, a = 22.7975(2) A, b = 5.48433(5) A, and

c = 5.39562(5) A)

d I h k l d I h k l d I h

11.3988 270 2 0 0 4.44713 25 3 1 0 3.84626 66 0

3.79959 8 6 0 0 3.64438 57 2 1 1 3.50609 31 5

3.18818 20 4 1 1 2.84969 8 8 0 0 2.80026 22 7

2.74217 251 0 2 0 2.70306 999 [*] 6 1 1 2.69781 297 0

2.66611 6 2 2 0 2.62528 17 2 0 2 2.43064 23 1

2.32713 9 3 2 1 2.30657 5 3 1 2 2.28972 298 8

2.27975 34 10 0 0 2.22357 68 6 2 0 2.19972 53 6

2.13811 11 5 1 2 1.97592 26 8 2 0 1.95913 36 8

1.95509 6 7 2 1 1.92313 377 0 2 2 1.89979 110 12

1.89633 49 2 2 2 1.82219 9 4 2 2 1.77740 6 3

1.75903 13 9 2 1 1.74129 8 10 0 2 1.73143 11 0

1.71586 13 6 2 2 1.70899 7 0 1 3 1.69681 21 5

1.69010 5 2 1 3 1.63698 9 4 1 3 1.62839 43 14

1.59414 14 7 3 0 1.58084 8 11 2 1 1.57556 147 6

1.56163 55 12 2 0 1.55859 182 6 1 3 1.55330 69 12

1.51006 5 1 3 2 1.49974 67 1 2 3M 1.49974 67 14

1.48423 5 3 3 2 1.47971 74 8 3 1 1.46996 13 10

1.46563 69 8 1 3 1.43633 14 5 3 2 1.42484 6 16

1.40013 28 14 2 0 1.39412 23 14 0 2 1.37244 7 7

1.37108 26 0 4 0 1.36127 13 2 4 0 1.35153 75 12

1.34890 38 0 0 4 1.33956 9 2 0 4 1.33611 16 16

1.32660 6 1 4 1 1.28209 5 0 3 3 1.24273 44 14

1.22229 27 0 4 2 1.21532 6 2 4 2 1.21479 52 6

1.21039 28 0 2 4 1.20299 11 18 1 1 1.18620 11 14

1.17891 18 14 1 3 1.17675 7 9 4 1 1.16915 37 8

1.16915 37 15 3 0M 1.16356 14 6 4 2 1.15328 12 6

1.13988 6 20 0 0 1.11178 9 12 4 0 1.09986 10 12

1.09438 8 16 1 3 1.09289 52 20 1 1 1.05256 5 20

1.05000 7 20 0 2 1.04882 19 14 4 0 1.03879 16 14

1.03429 26 6 5 1 1.02792 13 12 4 2 1.02223 5 18

1.02081 17 12 2 4 1.01996 40 6 1 5 1.01755 8 18

1.00734 5 14 3 3 1.00572 23 8 5 1 0.99252 19 8

0.99177 7 5 5 2 0.98057 7 20 2 2 0.97754 23 14

0.97142 24 14 2 4 0.96156 23 0 4 4 0.95816 5 2

0.95208 33 20 3 1 0.94829 31 20 1 3 0.90925 20 6

0.90269 33 6 3 5 0.89927 7 0 0 6 0.89055 5 19

0.88965 23 8 5 3 0.88870 8 6 6 0 0.88767 8 14

0.88608 5 22 1 3 0.88350 20 8 3 5 0.87683 8 26

0.87509 11 6 0 6 0.87064 6 20 0 4 0.86572 20 0

0.86323 16 2 6 2 0.85793 21 12 4 4 0.85463 57 26

0.85463 57 0 2 6M 0.85190 57 2 2 6M 0.85190 57 20

0.84908 6 9 6 1 0.84470 7 15 5 2 0.84408 6 6

0.84072 10 21 4 1 0.83995 7 12 5 3 0.83656 11 5

0.83656 11 10 0 6M 0.83517 15 26 2 0 0.83389 14 26

0.83363 9 20 4 2 0.83026 5 24 1 3 0.82982 14 20

0.82918 6 23 3 2 0.82799 43 14 4 4 0.82646 7 11

0.82351 11 12 6 0M 0.82351 11 7 5 4M 0.82176 5 22

d k l

11.3988 1 1

3.79959 1 0

3.18818 1 0

2.74217 0 2

2.66611 2 1

2.32713 1 1

2.27975 0 2

2.13811 0 2

1.95509 0 0

1.89633 3 0

1.75903 3 1

1.71586 3 0

1.69010 0 0

1.59414 3 1

1.56163 0 2

1.51006 1 1M

1.48423 2 2

1.46563 0 0

1.40013 3 2

1.37108 2 2

1.34890 1 1

1.32660 2 2

1.22229 3 3

1.21039 3 1

1.17891 3 3M

1.16915 2 4

1.13988 0 4

1.09438 2 0

1.05000 0 4

1.03429 3 1

1.02081 1 3

1.00734 1 5

0.99177 4 2

0.97142 4 4

0.95208 5 3

0.90269 4 1

0.88965 1 5

0.88608 0 0

0.87509 6 2

0.86323 1 1M

0.85463 3 3M

0.84908 6 2

0.84072 5 4M

0.83656 0 2

0.83363 2 4

0.82918 6 1

0.82351 0 4

Table 9. X-Ray reference pattern for [Sr.sub.2][ErGaCu.sub.2][O.sub.y]

(space group Ima2, Z = 4, a = 22.7964(3) A, b = 5.47497(6) A, and

c = 5.38837(6) A)

d I h k l d I h k l d I h

11.3982 266 2 0 0 5.69911 15 4 0 0 5.32359 10 1

4.44207 29 3 1 0 3.84040 97 0 1 1 3.79940 9 6

3.63938 89 2 1 1 3.50354 28 5 1 0 3.18480 17 4

2.84955 38 8 0 0 2.79891 23 7 1 0 2.73749 268 0

2.70096 999 [*] 6 1 1 2.69418 297 0 0 2 2.66180 13 2

2.62194 18 2 0 2 2.42672 14 1 2 1 2.32368 7 3

2.30360 8 3 1 2 2.28841 315 8 1 1 2.27964 13 10

2.22103 66 6 2 0 2.19772 56 6 0 2 2.13573 8 5

1.97412 36 8 2 0 1.95770 42 8 0 2 1.95301 6 7

1.92020 345 0 2 2 1.89970 92 12 0 0 1.89352 50 2

1.81969 6 4 2 2 1.77453 7 3 3 0 1.75750 11 9

1.74026 6 10 0 2 1.72854 16 0 3 1 1.71377 17 6

1.70663 13 0 1 3 1.69430 15 5 3 0 1.68782 10 2

1.63490 7 4 1 3 1.62832 40 14 0 0 1.59222 16 8

1.59222 16 7 3 0M 1.57971 8 11 2 1 1.57336 190 6

1.56071 51 12 2 0 1.55679 194 6 1 3 1.55256 57 12

1.49904 60 14 1 1M 1.49904 60 1 2 3M 1.48196 5 3

1.47789 70 8 3 1 1.46862 6 10 2 2 1.46413 76 8

1.43426 11 5 3 2 1.42478 6 16 0 0 1.39946 34 14

1.39357 32 14 0 2 1.37063 6 7 3 2 1.36874 32 0

1.35898 12 2 4 0 1.35048 68 12 2 2 1.34709 34 0

1.33778 10 2 0 4 1.33581 10 16 1 1 1.28013 6 0

1.24191 70 14 2 2 1.22029 24 0 4 2 1.21316 75 2

1.21316 75 6 3 3M 1.20868 30 0 2 4 1.20275 12 18

1.18524 13 14 3 1 1.17811 18 14 1 3 1.17519 7 9

1.16771 34 8 3 3 1.16184 20 6 4 2 1.15180 12 6

1.11272 5 8 2 4 1.11052 8 12 4 0 1.09886 18 12

1.09271 44 20 1 1 1.07306 7 0 5 1 1.05225 8 20

1.04974 8 20 0 2 1.04775 21 14 4 0 1.03794 24 14

1.03267 26 6 5 1 1.02672 19 12 4 2 1.02160 7 18

1.01977 19 12 2 4 1.01867 42 6 1 5 1.01702 8 18

1.00637 7 14 3 3 1.00422 25 8 5 1 1.00042 8 22

0.99133 20 8 1 5 0.98015 12 20 2 2 0.97651 30 14

0.97052 25 14 2 4 0.96010 22 0 4 4 0.95671 5 2

0.95156 41 20 3 1 0.94786 41 20 1 3 0.93495 5 0

0.92796 6 0 3 5 0.91250 7 0 6 0 0.90787 31 6

0.90146 32 6 3 5 0.90032 5 18 3 3 0.89806 8 0

0.89600 5 14 5 1 0.88874 7 22 3 1 0.88835 24 8

0.88727 7 6 6 0 0.88681 10 14 1 5 0.88572 9 22

0.88235 21 8 3 5 0.87679 7 26 0 0 0.87398 9 6

0.87013 6 20 0 4 0.86427 27 0 6 2 0.86180 18 2

0.85688 26 12 4 4 0.85479 18 26 1 1 0.85332 38 0

0.85123 65 20 3 3M 0.85123 65 2 2 6M 0.84779 6 9

0.84372 5 15 5 2 0.84274 11 6 6 2 0.84012 7 21

0.83886 8 12 5 3 0.83500 19 26 2 0 0.83376 23 12

0.83376 23 26 0 2M 0.83282 21 20 4 2M 0.83282 21 6

0.82925 22 20 2 4 0.82704 59 14 4 4 0.82527 6 11

0.82253 13 12 6 0

d k l

11.3982 1 0

4.44207 0 0

3.63938 1 1

2.84955 2 0

2.70096 2 0

2.62194 2 1

2.30360 0 0

2.22103 1 2

1.97412 2 1

1.92020 2 2

1.81969 2 1

1.74026 2 2

1.70663 1 3

1.63490 2 2M

1.59222 3 1

1.56071 0 2

1.49904 3 2

1.47789 1 3

1.43426 2 0

1.39357 0 4

1.35898 0 4

1.33778 3 3

1.24191 4 2M

1.21316 1 1

1.18524 4 1

1.16771 2 4

1.11272 0 4

1.09271 2 0

1.04974 0 4

1.03267 3 1

1.01977 1 1

1.00637 1 1

0.99133 4 2

0.97052 4 4

0.95156 5 3

0.92796 5 3

0.90146 0 6

0.89600 5 3

0.88727 1 3

0.88235 0 6

0.87013 6 2

0.85688 2 6

0.85123 6 1

0.84372 4 1

0.83886 3 5M

0.83376 2 6M

0.82925 6 1

0.82253

Table 10. X-Ray reference pattern for [Sr.sub.2]TmGa[Cu.sub.2][O.sub.y]

(space group Ima2, Z=4, a=22.8024(3) A, b=5.46762(7) A and

c = 5.38158(7)A)

d I h k l d I h k l d I h

11.4012 282 2 0 0 5.70060 18 4 0 0 4.43854 22 3

3.83541 114 0 1 1 3.80040 17 6 0 0 3.63523 98 2

3.50216 31 5 1 0 3.18221 12 4 1 1 2.85030 72 8

2.79847 40 7 1 0 2.73381 417 0 2 0 2.69958 999 [*] 6

2.69079 391 0 0 2 2.65846 18 2 2 0 2.61884 31 2

2.46501 5 4 2 0 2.43334 5 4 0 2 2.42355 13 1

2.32094 6 3 2 1 2.28774 337 8 1 1 2.28024 13 10

2.21927 79 6 2 0 2.19607 51 6 0 2 2.13372 12 5

1.97299 57 8 2 0 1.95745 50 10 1 1M 1.95745 50 8

1.95154 5 7 2 1 1.93963 5 7 1 2 1.91771 377 0

1.90020 118 12 0 0 1.89114 57 2 2 2 1.81675 10 1

1.75651 12 9 2 1 1.75108 8 10 2 0 1.73961 7 10

1.72624 18 0 3 1 1.71208 24 6 2 2 1.70374 17 0

1.70374 17 12 1 1M 1.69240 19 5 3 0 1.68574 18 2

1.65215 6 4 3 1 1.63304 12 4 1 3 1.62874 56 14

1.59077 23 8 2 2M 1.59077 23 7 3 0M 1.57908 9 11

1.57170 189 6 3 1 1.56031 65 12 2 0 1.55522 239 6

1.55218 72 12 0 2 1.49917 76 14 1 1 1.49657 14 1

1.48010 8 3 3 2 1.47655 85 8 3 1 1.46767 10 10

1.46286 73 8 1 3 1.43260 13 5 3 2 1.42515 9 16

1.39924 23 14 2 0 1.39337 23 14 0 2 1.36921 5 7

1.36691 30 0 4 0 1.35719 14 2 4 0 1.34979 70 12

1.34540 32 0 0 4 1.33600 18 2 0 4M 1.33600 18 16

1.32261 5 1 4 1 1.28624 7 6 4 0 1.27818 13 0

1.27818 13 12 3 1M 1.24142 58 14 2 2 1.21868 32 0

1.21174 73 2 4 2M 1.21174 73 6 3 3M 1.20713 39 0

1.20289 14 18 1 1 1.20042 7 2 2 4 1.18466 16 14

1.17756 23 14 1 3 1.16650 35 8 3 3 1.16047 17 6

1.15049 13 6 2 4 1.14387 5 16 2 2 1.11156 5 8

1.10963 9 12 4 0 1.09803 9 12 0 4 1.09289 64 20

1.05228 9 20 2 0 1.04977 11 20 0 2 1.04704 28 14

1.03728 22 14 0 4 1.03141 31 6 5 1 1.02583 19 12

1.02130 6 18 3 1 1.01892 24 12 2 4 1.01740 60 6

1.01740 60 18 1 3M 1.00566 9 14 3 3 1.00307 30 8

1.00058 11 22 1 1 0.99027 19 8 1 5 0.98896 7 5

0.98001 10 20 2 2 0.97577 33 14 4 2 0.96981 25 14

0.95885 47 0 4 4 0.95548 11 2 4 4 0.95135 36 20

0.94766 43 20 1 3 0.93361 11 0 5 3M 0.93361 11 12

0.92972 6 6 4 4 0.90837 5 2 6 0 0.90675 23 6

0.90033 43 6 3 5+ 0.89693 8 0 0 6 0.89523 6 14

0.88860 9 22 3 1 0.88732 30 8 5 3 0.88612 24 6

0.88612 24 14 1 5M 0.88559 11 22 1 3 0.88135 25 8

0.87702 5 26 0 0 0.87295 8 6 0 6 0.86981 8 20

0.86312 20 0 6 2 0.86065 16 2 6 2 0.85604 28 12

0.85495 30 26 1 1 0.85223 36 0 2 6 0.85091 58 20

0.84986 14 2 2 6 0.84505 7 1 4 5 0.84168 15 6

0.83980 5 21 4 1 0.83801 12 12 5 3 0.83510 19 26

0.83384 16 26 0 2 0.83269 27 12 3 5M 0.83269 27 20

0.83158 9 6 2 6 0.82887 27 20 2 4 0.82630 68 14

0.82438 6 11 6 1 0.82167 11 12 6 0

d k l

11.4012 1 0

3.83541 1 1

3.50216 0 0

2.79847 1 1

2.69079 0 2

2.46501 2 1

2.32094 0 0

2.21927 1 2

1.97299 0 2M

1.95154 2 2

1.90020 3 0

1.75651 0 2

1.72624 1 3M

1.70374 1 3

1.65215 0 0

1.59077 2 1

1.57170 1 3

1.55218 2 3

1.48010 2 2

1.46286 0 0

1.39924 3 2

1.36691 2 2

1.34540 1 1M

1.32261 3 3M

1.27818 4 2

1.21174 2 4

1.20289 3 1

1.17756 4 2

1.15049 2 4

1.10963 1 1+

1.05228 4 0

1.03728 4 2

1.02130 1 5M

1.01740 5 1

1.00058 5 2

0.98001 2 4

0.95885 3 1

0.94766 5 1M

0.92972 5 3

0.90033 5 1

0.88860 6 0M

0.88612 3 5

0.87702 0 4

0.86312 4 4

0.85495 3 3

0.84986 6 2

0.83980 2 0

0.83384 4 2M

0.83158 4 4

0.82438

Table 11. X-Ray reference pattern for [Sr.sub.2][YGaCu.sub.2][O.sub.y]

(space group Ima2, Z = 4, a = 22.8113(2) A, b = 5.48069(5) A, and

c = 5.39397(5) A)

d I h k l d I h k l d I h

11.4057 131 2 0 0 5.32904 5 1 1 0 4.44611 21 3

3.84441 25 0 1 1 3.64303 18 2 1 1 3.50639 26 5

3.18773 44 4 1 1 2.85142 11 8 0 0 2.80103 26 7

2.74035 262 0 2 0 2.70325 999 [*] 6 1 1 2.69699 308 0

2.62461 16 2 0 2 2.46998 8 4 2 0 2.42924 18 1

2.32602 7 3 2 1 2.30591 5 3 1 2 2.29022 224 8

2.28113 53 10 0 0 2.22306 46 6 2 0 2.19972 34 6

2.13777 10 5 1 2 1.97582 22 8 2 0 1.95938 26 8

1.95478 6 7 2 1 1.92220 339 0 2 2 1.90094 71 12

1.89547 30 2 2 2 1.82152 11 4 2 2 1.77635 8 3

1.75900 14 9 2 1 1.75320 8 10 2 0 1.74168 14 10

1.73035 8 0 3 1 1.71542 8 6 2 2 1.70841 5 0

1.69598 16 5 3 0 1.63655 9 4 1 3 1.62938 28 14

1.59356 11 7 3 0 1.58100 7 11 2 1 1.57490 153 6

1.56193 56 12 2 0 1.55831 191 6 1 3 1.55377 67 12

1.50017 57 14 1 1M 1.50017 57 1 2 3M 1.48348 6 3

1.47928 55 8 3 1 1.46992 26 10 2 2 1.46550 46 8

1.43570 15 5 3 2 1.40051 22 14 2 0 1.39462 18 14

1.37197 8 7 3 2 1.37017 29 0 4 0 1.36039 11 2

1.35162 64 12 2 2 1.34849 38 0 0 4 1.33917 5 2

1.33675 22 16 1 1 1.32575 8 1 4 1 1.24292 64 14

1.22157 26 0 4 2 1.21434 56 6 3 3 1.20993 33 0

1.20359 13 18 1 1 1.18623 11 14 3 1 1.17909 16 14

1.17631 6 9 4 1 1.16886 27 8 3 3 1.16301 11 6

1.15296 10 6 2 4 1.11153 7 12 4 0 1.09986 13 12

1.09462 9 16 1 3 1.09346 42 20 1 1 1.05300 6 20

1.05049 8 20 0 2 1.04867 26 14 4 0 1.93886 17 14

1.03372 25 6 5 1 1.02767 17 12 4 2 1.02072 24 12

1.01970 42 6 1 5 1.01783 7 18 1 3 1.00727 6 14

1.00522 23 8 5 1 1.00111 5 22 1 1 0.99232 17 8

0.99122 6 5 5 2 0.98089 9 20 2 2 0.97739 29 14

0.97140 24 14 2 4 0.96110 23 0 4 4 0.95771 5 2

0.95230 38 20 3 1 0.94859 36 20 1 3 0.90879 24 6

0.90238 30 6 3 5 0.89900 8 0 0 6 0.88925 21 8

0.88787 16 6 6 0M 0.88787 16 14 1 5M 0.88640 5 22

0.88324 17 8 3 5 0.87487 6 6 0 6 0.87084 7 20

0.86517 23 0 6 2 0.86269 15 2 6 2 0.85771 22 12

0.85537 24 26 1 1 0.85420 45 0 2 6 0.85196 60 20

0.85196 60 2 2 6M 0.84987 6 16 1 5 0.84864 5 9

0.84450 7 15 5 2 0.84361 8 6 6 2 0.84080 8 21

0.83967 6 12 5 3 0.83617 6 5 5 4 0.83558 20 26

0.83432 17 26 0 2 0.83357 15 20 4 2M 0.83357 15 6

0.82994 17 20 2 4 0.82782 52 14 4 4 0.82608 5 11

0.82333 8 12 6 0

d k l

11.4057 1 0

3.84441 1 0

3.18773 1 0

2.74035 0 2

2.62461 2 1

2.32602 1 1

2.28113 0 2

2.13777 0 2

1.95478 0 0

1.89547 3 0

1.75900 0 2

1.73035 1 3

1.69598 0 0

1.59356 3 1

1.56193 0 2

1.50017 3 2

1.47928 1 3

1.43570 0 2

1.37197 4 0

1.35162 0 4

1.33675 2 2

1.22157 2 4

1.20359 1 3

1.17631 4 2

1.15296 0 4

1.09462 2 0

1.05049 0 4

1.03372 2 4

1.01970 3 3

1.00522 1 5

0.99122 4 2

0.97140 4 4

0.95230 5 3

0.90238 5 3

0.88787 1 3

0.88324 0 4

0.86517 4 4

0.85537 3 3M

0.85196 6 1

0.84450 4 1

0.83967 2 0

0.83432 2 6M

0.82994 6 1

0.82333

COPYRIGHT 2001 National Institute of Standards and Technology

COPYRIGHT 2004 Gale Group