Periarticular fractures in children treated with the Fragment Fixation System (FFS)

Periarticular fractures in children treated with the Fragment Fixation System (FFS)

Georgiou, C

Introduction: The growth plate almost always is involved in periarticular fractures in children. Treatment and prognosis of these fractures depends on the extend of the injury. Reduction has to itle and anatomical while fixation has to be secure and minimal secondary to the small size of epiphysis. The K-wires do not cause so much tissue damage but there is the possibility of sliding suiting in loss of fixation. On the other hand they offer no fracture compression. The use of screws may result in bone collapse. It is also inappropriate for small fragments.

Patients and Methods: From November 1999 untill December of 2001 17 patients with a diagnosis of a periarticular fracture were admitted to the pediatric orthopaedic department of KAT Hospital. There were 9 fractures of the elbow and 8 ankle fractures. Mean age was 12 years (6-14) (11 boys and 6 girls). Plain radiographs and CT were obtained before surgery to evaluate the kind and extend of the fracture. After limited arthrotomy percutaneous fixation was obtained with the use of at least wires 2 FFS wires and then a splint or cast was applied.

Results: FFS screws were removed in 3-6 weeks without anesthesia. In all of the patients the fracture was healed and there was not any infection or loss of reduction. Screws breakage was seen in Datient with no any functional consequences.

Conclusion: The use of FFS allows compressive fixation in periarticular fractures in children. It can be used percutaneously and it can be removed without need for another surgery.

C. Georgiou. P.A. Kyriazopoulos. K.A. Sarantos, G.C. Papadopoulis, G.S. Themistokleous, I. Ignatiadis A.D. Kanellopoulos

Pediatric Orthopaedic Department, KAT Hospital,Athens

Copyright British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery 2003

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