2002 state of the Field Artillery

2002 state of the Field Artillery

Michael D. Maples

This has been a significant year for the Field Artillery. Our Army is fully engaged throughout the world: training and maintaining the readiness of the force; sustaining worldwide commitments in small-scale contingencies, such as Kosovo and Bosnia; fighting the Global War on Terrorism, ensuring our homeland is secure; and transforming the force.

Field Artillery soldiers and units continue to be critical to everything our Army does and, with the foundation that has been established, are positioned to play an indispensable role in the Objective Force. In this “State of the Branch” article, I offer an assessment of branch accomplishments this year and a view of where we are heading in the future.

This year was marked most significantly by the Army’s engagement in the Global War on Terrorism in the aftermath of the events of 11 September 2001. Many Field Artillery soldiers and units immediately began providing security for our nation on military installations, along our borders, in airports and throughout our communities.

Fire Supporters of the 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry) out of Fort Drum, New York, and the 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) out of Fort Campbell, Kentucky, deployed with our forces to Afghanistan in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. Subsequently, 82d Airborne Division Field Artillerymen out of Fort Bragg, North Carolina, replaced the fire supporters in Afghanistan, deploying a battery of M119 howitzers and two platoons of 120-mm mortars, the latter manned by Field Artillerymen.

Field Artillery active and Army National Guard (ARNG) units increased their emphasis on unit readiness to be prepared to answer the nation’s call should the fires of the Field Artillery be required to support our national objectives.

Operations in Afghanistan during Operation Anaconda also generated intense professional dialogue about the absence of all-weather Field Artillery in theater and the shortcomings of joint fires for troops in close Contact. Joint leaders are working together to ensure responsive, effective support is provided for our ground forces and fire supporters are better trained and equipped to access all the capabilities of the US military. All recognize the imperative of supporting our soldiers and Marines on the ground with responsive fires, 24 hours a day, seven days a week, in all weather and all types of terrain.

At the same time, the Army’s development of transformation concepts this past year also is having an effect on the Field Artillery. The transformation effort ultimately will lead to the development of FA systems that have greater strategic deployability and enhanced precision and are more lethal and sustainable–absolutely essential for the Army’s Objective Force.

However, there is a cost to achieving these capabilities. We already have experienced the termination of Crusader and BAT anti-armor submunition programs. This is indicative of the Army’s willingness to accept risks in the modernization of the current force to achieve transformational capabilities for the future force.

The Army’s Vision statement clearly outlines three focal points: people, readiness and transformation. In 2002, the Army began to make the Army Vision a reality. The vision is becoming a reality for the Field Artillery as well and is guiding our accomplishments as a branch.

Our People. FA soldiers and leaders remain the most critical elements of our formations. We seek the highest quality enlisted soldiers, NCOs, warrant officers and commissioned officers we can recruit for the Field Artillery–those who have a warfighting spirit, adaptive leadership abilities and a propensity for technical expertise. They will serve and lead the Field Artillery into what promises to be a very bright future.

A year ago, the Field Artillery had deficiencies in multiple military occupational specialties (MOS) in our enlisted force. Simultaneously, we have had a continuing concern about the way in which the branch is perceived by ROTC and military academy cadets. We also found we need to revise the programs of instruction (POIs) for many of our courses at the Field Artillery School to provide the force better trained artillerymen.

Enlisted Accessions. One of our primary branch goals this past year was to fix the shortages of personnel in our active units. With the great assistance of the Recruiting Command and those who assign and manage our enlisted personnel, Redleg MOS are now “healthy” and have strength percentages that range from 94 to 104 percent. In fact, the overall operating strength for Career Management Field (CMF) 13 is more than 100 percent.

Our remaining concern is the new MOS 13D FA Tactical Data Systems Specialist, the MOS in which we combined MOS 13C Tactical Automated Fire Control Systems Specialist and 13E Cannon Fire Direction Specialist. While we have achieved a significant increase in the combined strength of these MOS, we still must solve the administrative and individual training issues associated with MOS conversion.

The Field Artillery School is working a training strategy that, when combined with expected advanced FA tactical data system (AFATDS) fieldings and the efforts of our command sergeants major (CSMs) in the field, will increase the number of qualified 13D soldiers available for our units. We recognize that 13D distribution shortfalls continue to affect FA units adversely and are implementing an integrated program to correct these shortfalls and make the MOS more viable.

One key to success this past year has been the use of strategically placed incentive bonuses. In the coming year, the Army is realigning incentives across the force, and we could face challenges in sustaining our enlisted strengths. We will need the full support of everyone in the Field Artillery community to retain quality soldiers in our branch.

Officer Accessions. While FA commanders report that the quality of junior officers they are receiving continues to be exceptionally high, the propensity of cadets and officer candidates to select Field Artillery as their first or second choice for branching is not as high as we want it to be. We are working with both the United States Military Academy at West Point and the Cadet Command to provide cadets accurate branch information and quality FA training experiences.

In conjunction with the Cadet Command, we recently established a Field Artillery website that provides cadets information about the variety of jobs and experiences they can expect as junior leaders in the Field Artillery. In addition, the Field Artillery School has coordinated partnerships between FA commands and ROTC detachments at 20 colleges and universities. Both of these initiatives should improve the quality of information and experiences available to cadets.

We recently received a study on the perceptions of cadets about the Field Artillery. We will use the study to formulate a comprehensive program to influence more cadets to choose Field Artillery, ensuring the branch has quality leaders and warfighters for the future.

Training Soldiers and Leaders. Our core mission at Fort Sill is to train soldiers and leaders for the FA units of our operating forces. During the past year, more than 16,000 newly enlisted soldiers completed their initial entry training (IET) in the Field Artillery Training Center at Fort Sill. More than 1,600 outstanding FA NCOs completed various NCO Education System (NCOES) courses, and the Field Artillery School has trained more than 1,300 great commissioned and warrant officers. In addition, the school has expanded distributed learning capabilities to meet the professional education needs of Field Artillerymen in the ARNG.

Also in the Field Artillery School, we have undertaken a number of initiatives to improve the quality of instruction and to provide training support to the force. Fires Training XXI is our strategy for training the Field Artillery and is the vehicle for documenting training requirements, such as training devices, simulations and simulators, an area in which the Field Artillery lags behind the rest of the force. (See the article “Fires Training XXI: A Training Strategy for the 21st Century” by Colonel (Retired) John K. Anderson, January-February.) The input from and cooperation of our FA commanders and CSMs have been invaluable in developing this strategy and determining institutional and organizational training requirements.

The FA School recently reorganized to more effectively employ instructors and fix the responsibility for executing training with the commander of the 30th Field Artillery Regiment. At the same time, we created a Directorate of Training and Doctrine (DOTD) whose director focuses on programs of instruction (POIs) and training support packages (TSPs) for the field.

We have recently completed a much overdue task analysis of the Officer Basic Course and are engaged in a systematic review of all courses in our Officer Education System (OES), Warrant Officer Education System (OES) and NCOES. Already, we have implemented additional fire support training, such as expanding the light fire support officer (FSO) lane training and distributed learning applications. Our revised programs will implement assignment-oriented training to better prepare soldiers and leaders for their first/next assignments and will accomplish that training in less time.

We also are pursuing the Universal Observer concept with the joint community to enable observers to control all forms of fires, joint- and land-based. In addition, we are looking for ways to better prepare leaders for positions in our Stryker brigades.

By improving the quality of instruction and reducing the time soldiers remain in the training base, we can contribute significantly to the readiness of our Field Artillery units.

FA Readiness. Field Artillery units, active and ARNG, are executing a wide variety of missions worldwide and stand ready to provide fires if called upon. They consistently demonstrate excellence in all that they do: on mission, in training and in meeting the needs of the nation. In 2002, we recognized FA unit excellence in readiness with formal awards.

The Henry A. Knox Award, presented annually from 1924 until 1940, was reestablished this year to formally recognize the active component (AC) FA battery that best represents excellence in mission accomplishment. B Battery, 1st Battalion, 319th Airborne Field Artillery Regiment, 82d Airborne Division, Fort Bragg, North Carolina, won the 2002 Knox Award. (See the articles “The Henry Knox Trophy and Medal, 1924-1940” by Lieutenant Colonel Allen W. Batschelet and “B/1-319 AFAR Wins 2002 Best AC Battery Award,” both in this edition.)

To recognize the tremendous accomplishments of Field Artillery soldiers in the ARNG, we created the Alexander Hamilton Award for excellence in mission accomplishment. 8/1-147 FA, South Dakota ARNG, part of the 147th Field Artillery Brigade, won the first Hamilton Award in 2002. (See the articles “Alexander Hamilton–An American Statesman and Artilleryman” and “8/1-147 FA Wins 2002 Hamilton Best ARNG Battery Award,” both in this edition.)

The Knox and Hamilton Awards will be presented annually. The nominees for these awards reflect both the readiness and the excellence of Field Artillery units throughout our Army. Many outstanding batteries were nominated by their brigades and division artilleries (see the figure).

The range of accomplishments of nominees for the 2002 best battery awards was impressive. These batteries deployed soldiers to Afghanistan and other places in support of Operation Enduring Freedom; trained for civil disturbances; provided airport and installation security; conducted combined operations with the Russians, Swedes and British; trained with the Canadians, Australians, Kuwaitis, Czechs and Koreans; formed the first US-Polish combined battery; integrated joint training with the Air Force; supported joint exercise Millennium Challenge; achieved 100 percent retention (an ARNG battery); had zero safety incidents; volunteered more than 500 hours of community service; developed collaborative fire control/distributed counterfire tactics, techniques and procedures (TTP); conducted operations effectively in extreme cold and heat; had the best fire direction center (FDC) and best fire support team (FIST) and was the brigade-level Top Gun; conducted Apache Longbow-to-Paladin digital fire missions; won the Ar my Award for Maintenance Excellence; and more–reflecting the remarkable capabilities of great Field Artillery soldiers in an extremely busy force.

Finally, to recognize the accomplishments and contributions of an individual to the Field Artillery, we established the Edmund Gruber Award. Master Sergeant Dennis J. Woods, recently of A/3-319 FA, 82d Airborne Division, won the first Gruber Award for his creation of the gun electronic laying optical night-sight (GELON), a mount for towed howitzers. (See the articles “The First-Ever Gruber Award for the Outstanding FA Professional” and “GELON: The Towed Howitzer Night-Sight Mount,” both in this edition.)

The Gruber Award winner, great soldiers in the Knox and Hamilton batteries and other Redlegs like them serving in the force today deserve the best equipment we can provide them. In the near term, we are supporting the accelerated fielding of our most modem capabilities in accordance with Department of the Army priorities. For the future, we are looking to achieve truly transformational capabilities for the Field Artillery.

Combat Developments. Our combat development effort has been and will continue to be affected by the inherent tension between the transformation process and the desire to modernize our current forces. The vast majority of funding for FA systems is earmarked for developing Objective Force capabilities; many of those capabilities will be backward-compatible to the Stryker and current force.

This approach reflects a conscious decision by the Army to ensure we prioritize resources to achieve transformational warfighting capabilities. To do so, we must accept risk in the modernization and recapitalization of the current force. Given the aggregate overmatching lethality of US forces as compared to potential adversaries, now is the time to invest in the future.

In the near term, however, the Field Artillery will benefit from the Department of Defense’s (DoD’s) desire to accelerate precision capabilities. The programs for the development and fielding of the high-mobility artillery rocket system (HIMARS), guided multiplelaunch rocket system rocket (GMLRS), Excalibur family of 155-mm precision munitions, future combat system nonline-of-sight (NLOS) cannon (FCS cannon), NLOS launch system (NLOS-LS) and networked fires all are being accelerated to provide Objective Force qualities and capabilities.

While the Army is investing in the future, many active and ARNG FA programs for modernizing the current force will be affected adversely. Paladin upgrades will be limited, and Paladin cascades into the ARNG will not occur as planned. Fewer M270A1 MLRS launchers will be fielded, and our long-range missile programs have been impacted negatively–the Army tactical missile system (ATACMS) unitary precision missile was not funded and the ATACMS Block II (BAT) precision missile lost funding; fewer than 100 Block II missiles are being produced. The acquisition and fielding of fire support platforms have been reduced, such as all the variants of Bradley FIST vehicles (BFISTs) and the M707 Knight, formerly known as “Striker.” Further, the development and distribution of the advanced FA tactical data system (AFATDS) has been reduced.

Finally, our ability to acquire new systems outside the Objective Force requirements will be limited, at best. Nevertheless, we are continuing to develop many systems our FA formations need not only today, but also in the future.

Enhancing our fire support and target acquisition systems is a clear priority. We fielded 15 test versions of the lightweight laser designator rangefinder (LLDR) to the 82d Airborne Division in Afghanistan. Currently we are trying to reduce the LLDR’ s weight further. Its fielding is projected for FY04.

Target Acquisition. Improving our ability to locate and digitally transmit target data is perhaps the best way we can improve the precision of our fires. We have to resolve the differences between the target location errors (TLEs) of our sensors and the circular errors probable (CEPs) of our delivery systems.

We also are developing an operational requirements document (ORD) for the lightweight dismounted optics our fire support personnel need now. We will continue fielding the M707 Knight to the active force and plan to equip it with enhanced optics.

The Q-47 radar continues its development and has been incorporated into the future Phoenix program that, ultimately, will give the Objective Force a multimission radar. We also are developing a lightweight counterfire radar.

Command and Control. We are continuing to field the latest version of AFATDS in accordance with the established priorities and recognize the importance of the entire force operating with a common command and control system–AC and ARNG. We are aggressively pursuing hand-held capabilities, including the Palm forward entry device (PFED), lightweight tactical fire direction system (LWTFDS), lightweight FED (LFED) and a replacement for the gun display unit (GDU-R).

Additionally, the issues of interoperability between the automated deep operations coordination system (ADOCS) software and AFATDS and AFATDS’ complexity and lack of user friendliness are being addressed.

Cannon Systems. Paladin will remain the primary cannon for our heavy forces. We are investing in near-term improvements to its fire control system.

In full partnership with the Marine Corps, the lightweight 155-mm howitzer (XM777) with towed artillery digitization (TAD) is in developmental testing. The USMC XM777 was authorized low-rate initial production on 8 November with fielding projected for 2005, and the program is on track for Army fielding in FY06. Recent tests have demonstrated the accuracy of the system.

We recognize the need to replace the Ml19 in our special-purpose divisions and are exploring a variety of options to meet the fire support needs of air assault and airborne forces.

The Excalibur 155-mm munitions program is being accelerated. The M982 Excalibur extended-range precision unitary munition that is global positioning system (GPS)-guided and inertial measurement system (IMU)-aided could be fielded as early as FY06. This versatile precision munition will be effective in all weather conditions in urban environments and restrictive terrain while minimizing collateral damage.

We are exploring a wide variety of special-purpose, cannon-delivered non-lethal munitions. We also plan to test available sensor-fuzed munitions and are closely following the development of a course-correcting fuze (CCF) that would give current 105-mm and 155mm ammunition precision qualities by adding GPS and cannards to the rounds.

Rocket and Missile Systems. We are in the process of fielding the MLRS M270A 1 launcher that will strengthen our warfighting capability by enabling M270A1 units to fire all current and planned MLRS family of munitions (MFOM). The first M270A 1-equipped battalion set of launchers on the Korean peninsula was fielded to 1-38 FA in August, and fielding to 6-37 FA, also in the 2d Infantry Division in Korea, is underway, to be completed in April. 2-4 FA, 2 14th FA Brigade, III Corps Artillery, at Fort Sill will complete fielding in December.

In August, HIMARS concluded its extended system integration test (ESIT). The launcher performed very favorably during the ESIT and is well-positioned for its low-rate initial production decision in March 2003. In fact, the procurement objective for HIMARS has been increased since the decision to reduce the number of M270A1 launchers to be fielded. This is further indication of the Army’s commitment to the Objective Force.

A combat-loaded HIMARS weighs less than 35,000 pounds, is C-130-transportable and can fire the entire suite of current and planned rockets and missiles. First unit equipped is scheduled for the Second Quarter of FY05.

GMLRS, a precision rocket guided by IMU and aided by GPS with a range of 60 kilometers and beyond, completed its engineering and production qualification tests. It achieved ranges of more than 70 kilometers and was extremely accurate in the tests. The GMLRS program is on target for its low-rate initial production decision in April with an initial operational capability (IOC) projected for early 2006.

Concurrently, a guided rocket variant with a 200-pound class high-explosive warhead will enter its formal development phase in 2003. This unitary rocket will build on GMLRS technology. It will have great utility where we must limit collateral damage.

Fire Support in Operation Anaconda. In terms of current readiness, we should discuss fire support for operations in Afghanistan. These operations demonstrated that we must address how we train our fire support personnel, achieve air-ground integration and operate with special operations forces (SOF) now and in the future. The absence of FA units during combat in Operation Anaconda reinforced the importance of both responsive, effective fires for ground forces in close contact with the enemy and cannon artillery.

We are working the ORD for the ATACMS-penetrator missile. It is a precision missile that will penetrate hard and deeply buried targets, including weapons of mass destruction, command and control centers and storage facilities. It will range out to 300 kilometers.

It is unquestionably the consensus of the Army’s senior leadership and the leaders of our combat formations that adequate fire support–including cannon artillery–must be available to our troops in combat.

About fire support in Operation Anaconda, Chief of Staff of the Army General Eric K. Shinseki stated it very clearly at the Eisenhower Luncheon during the 2002 Association of the United States Army Convention in Washington, DC, when he said, “Now, as proud as we are of those youngsters, ours is the responsibility of giving soldiers the best tools–those critical capabilities for handling these tough missions we send them on.

“Now look, we all saw the pictures of our special operations soldiers riding 14 hours–on a wooden saddle, by the way–into battle with the Northern Alliance. We saw pictures of soldiers fighting in the close fight, attacking uphill–by the way, that’s normal; I’ve never had a mission that sent us against an objective down hill. But fighting uphill from 8,500 feet to 11,000 feet carrying 70 to 80 pounds of nick on their back, dismounted soldiers without cannon artillery, outnumbered by a determined enemy with small arms and mortars occupying superior ground [emphasis added].

“We have to ask, ‘Is this the way we want to fight the next time? Is this the kind of risk we want our soldiers to carry into battle?’ And at least from the Chief, the answer is, ‘Hell no.’ We owe them better.

“We know that they will always compensate for what we have not provided. But our job is to ensure that there is as little slack as possible to have to compensate for. And we are going to meet that responsibility no matter what all the smart folks have to say about the obsolescence of organic, indirect fire cannons [emphasis added].”

By its absence, the criticality of the Field Artillery to the combined arms team has been reinforced.

FA Transformation. The Field Artillery is transforming with the Army. Transformation is nothing new for our branch. We have transformed whenever the times, the threat or the emergence of technological capabilities have dictated it. Think of the many modes of transporting artillery we have employed: oxen and sled, horse and mule, motorized, towed and self-propelled. Recall the many models of artillery of various calibers we have employed. Think of the various rocket and missile systems we have fielded and then retired after they served their purpose. Recall the time that the Field Artillery was heavily engaged in the delivery of nuclear weapons. We have always evolved to support the requirements of the Army.

In 2002, the Army developed Objective Force operational concepts and FCS requirements that will shape the future of our branch.

We completed the initial work on the base document for the future combined arms brigade organization, the Unit of Action (UA) Organizational and Operational (O&O) Concept. This document describes the critical role fires will play in the future and details the structure of an NLOS battalion that will be organized with the FCS cannon, the NLOS-LS and robust organic target acquisition capabilities, including both unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and multi-mission radars.

The FCS ORD has been published and will guide the development of the family of systems that will become the equipment of the Objective Force. Our requirements for the FCS cannon, NLOS-LS and related systems are detailed in that document. As the Objective Force proponent for fires, we are now writing the Fires and Effects O&O, which we expect to publish in the coming months.

We also are helping to develop the concepts and requirements for the Unit of Employment (UE), those division- and corps-level organizations whose fires will shape the battlefield, shield the force and isolate the close fight.

Fundamental to the Objective Force is the Army’s validated need for an FCS cannon that will provide close supporting fires for the UA. This program is currently in a concept technology demonstration to leverage the best technologies available, including those developed for Crusader, to produce a cannon with both the deployability and lethality we require by FY08. The FCS cannon will be C-130-deployable with a range of 30 to 40 kilometers and have a rate-of-fire of six to 10 rounds per minute; increased responsiveness over Crusader and Paladin; automatic ammunition handling and interoperability with all UA/UE and joint target acquisition and command and control systems. The cannon will be resupplied using magazines loaded with fuzed munitions and propellant.

At the Eisenhower Luncheon, the Chief of Staff of the Army was clear about the requirement for the FCS cannon when he said, “We’re also moving out to fill the validated requirement for responsive, indirect, all-weather, organic fires….

“Warfighting is about fires and maneuver–fires enable maneuver; maneuver enables fires. You can’t have a discussion on one of those principles. Close, supporting indirect fires destroy the enemy, suppress the enemy’s capabilities and then protect our forces.

“The FCS non-line-of-sight cannon will meet these requirements and leverage the system of systems through its integrated command and control–networked fires. We are capitalizing on technologies we’ve already developed, and you’ll see them in the FCS non-line-of-sight cannon to be fielded in FY08.”

This is an exciting time to be a Field Artilleryman. We are in a period of great change–change in the world situation and operating environment, change in our national strategy and change caused by the tremendous leaps forward in technology and firepower. It is exciting because we are transforming our Army and its integral Field Artillery for the future.

This is also an important time for the Field Artillery, active and ARNG, because of the potential significance of our fires in accomplishing Global War on Terrorism national objectives. The operating force realizes the importance of all of the elements of the combined arms team, including the critical role the FA will play in any possible conflict.

We have accomplished a great deal in 2002, but we have many challenges ahead of us. We, at Fort Sill, support the readiness of Field Artillery units in our operating force–it is our reason for being and will have our priority of fires. Training soldiers and leaders, improving capabilities and solving force organizational and institutional issues will remain important.

Soon, we will formally review and evaluate the structure and capabilities of the Stryker Brigades–the closest step forward in the transformation process.

In 2003 we expect to establish the Fires Enhanced Battle Lab at Fort Sill, one of only six battle labs in the Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) that will conduct analyses and experimentation to support the development of the Army’s Objective Force. We will join in partnership with the Institute for Creative Technologies at the University of Southern California to develop virtual and artificial intelligence capabilities applicable to the Field Artillery. We look to establish a greater partnership with the joint fires community that will enable the full integration of joint fires and effects.

We, as the Field Artillery community, must stay connected as we move forward. We must sustain the momentum achieved in our Senior Field Artillery Leaders and Fire Support Conferences this past year and ensure the issues raised in those forums are addressed. We must maintain our connectivity to resolve the challenges of today and the uncertainness of the future.

Be proud–you are the finest Field Artillerymen in the history of the world. Thank you for your commitment to strengthening our branch, the American military and our nation. All the best in 2003.

RELATED ARTICLE: Active: Henry A. Knox Award

B/1-6 FA, 1st Infantry Division (Mechanized), Bamberg, Germany

HHS/3-6 FA, 10th Mountain Division(Light Infantry), Fort Drum, New York

C/1-7 FA, 1st Infantry Division (Mechanized), Camp Bondsteel, Kosovo

A/3-7 FA, 25th Infantry Division (Light), Schofield Barracks, Hawaii

C/4-11 FA, 172d Infantry Brigade (Separate), Fort Richardson, Alaska

B/1-15 FA, 2d Infantry Division, Camp Casey, Republic of Korea

C/3-16 FA, 4th Infantry Division (Mechanized), Fort Hood, Texas

C/1-27 FA, 41st FA Brigade, Babenhausen, Germany

C/3-27 FA, 18th FA Brigade (Airborne), Fort Bragg, North Carolina

D/1 -40 FA, FA Training Center, Fort Sill, Oklahoma

B/1 -77 FA, 75th FA Brigade, III Corps, Fort Sill, Oklahoma

B/3-82 PA, 1st Cavalry Division, Fort Hood, Texas

C/1-94 FA, 1st Armored Division, Idar Oberstein, Germany

HHB, 17th FA Brigade, Fort Sill, Oklahoma

HHB, 214th FA Brigade, III Corps, Fort Sill, Oklahoma

National Guard: Alexander Hamilton Award

C/2-116 FA, 53d Infantry Brigade (Separate), Winterhaven, Florida

C/2-122 FA; 35th Infantry Division (Mechanized), Sycamore, Illinois

B/1-129 FA, 135th FA Brigade, Chillicothe, Missouri

B/1-142 FA, 142d FA Brigade, Springdale, Arkansas

B/1-163 FA, 76th Infantry Brigade (Separate), Evansville, Indiana

HHSB/1-181 FA, 196th FA Brigade, Chattanooga, Tennessee

HHB, 45th FA Brigade, Enid, Oklahoma

2002 Best Battery Award Honorees. In addition to the winners, these 22 batteries were nominated by their higher headquarters for the best battery awards.

Online Go-to-War Primer: FA Bulletin Articles 1990-2002

Online at the Field Artillery’s homepage (sill-www.army.mil/famag) are more than 100 articles published since 1990 that outline tactics, techniques and procedures (TTPs) for operating in remote areas of the world and for meeting challenges Army and Marine Field Artillerymen/fire supporters face in combat.

The Primer lists each article/interview and includes the author(s), the author’s unit or organization, the edition in which it was published with the page numbers, and a brief description of its contents. The articles are grouped in seven categories, as shown in this article with an eighth grouping listing the acronyms used in the descriptions of the articles.

Users can open each article by double-clicking on the underlined edition/page listing, which is linked to the article. The articles are in PDF format. On the first page of the instructions, users have the option of downloading the free Adobe Acrobat PDF Reader software by double-clicking on the link, as necessary.

1. Desert and Related Articles–Covers Gulf War, Afghanistan and Kuwait plus has articles such as “Survey for Remote Areas,” “Firefinder Initialization with Limited Map or Survey Data,” “Paladin Defensive Positioning in Open Terrain,” “Low-Angle Fires for MOUT,” “The Scud Battery,” etc.

2. Faster and More Accurate Fires–Includes recent articles with TTPs specifically designed to reverse fire support negative trends at the Combat Training Centers (CTCs).

3. Digital Assistance–Covers initial fire support automation system (IFSAS)-advanced FA tactical data system (AFATDS) interface challenges, the advancing capabilities of AFATDS, TTP for a digital interface between AFATDS and Kiowa Warrior, etc.

4. FA Battalion Operations–Covers the platoon, battery, battalion and task force levels.

5. Forward Observer (FO)/Fire Support Team (FIST) and Fire Support Officer (FSO)–Covers the FO/FIST and company, battalion and brigade FSO levels.

6. Division, Corps and Above–Covers division task force operations in Kosovo, Bosnia and Panama; information operations (IO) and nonlethal targeting; joint air operations; Marine expeditionary force (MEF) and Marine air ground task force operations; and Q-37 operations.

7. Foreign Artilleries–Covers Egyptian, Israeli, Ukrainian, Bosnian, German, Russian, Republic of Korea and North Korean artilleries.

If users have questions or problems accessing the articles, email the magazine staff at famag@sill.army.mil.

Major General Michael D. Maples became the Chief of Field Artillery and Commanding General of Fort Sill, Oklahoma, in August 2001. In his previous assignment, he was the Director of Operations, Readiness and Mobilization in the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations and Plans (G3) at the Pentagon. In Germany, he was the Assistant Division Commander (Support) in the 1st Armored Division and Senior Tactical Commander of the Baumholder Military Community. He also served in Germany as the Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations in the Allied Command Europe Rapid Reaction Corps and for the Kosovo Force (KFOR), planning and executing the entry of NATO forces into Kosovo; G3 of V Corps; and Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations in US Army Europe (Forward) in Taszar, Hungary, supporting US forces in the Balkans during Operation Joint Endeavor. He commanded the 41st Field Artillery Brigade, V Corps, Germany, and the 6th Battalion, 27th Field Artillery, 75th Field Artillery Brigade, III Corps at Fort Sill and i n the Persian Gulf during Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm. He also commanded B Battery, 6th Battalion, 37th Field Artillery in the 2d Infantry Division in Korea.

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