Sonoran tiger salamander – Ambystoma tigrinum stebbinsi – Region 2

Sonoran tiger salamander – Ambystoma tigrinum stebbinsi – Region 2 – Brief Article

Jim Rorabaugh

Sonoran Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum stebbinsi) A recovery plan for this endangered salamander was completed and made available to the public in January 2003. The Sonoran tiger salamander, which is endemic to the San Rafael Valley of southeastern Arizona, is threatened by introduced exotic predators (such as nonnative bullfrogs) and other subspecies of tiger salamander, a virulent disease caused by an iridovirus, small population size, limited distribution, and other factors. The key recovery actions recommended in the plan include maintaining and enhancing habitat, control of exotic predators, reducing disease transmission, limiting the collection of salamanders, public education, and continued coordination among interested and affected parties.

The recovery plan was developed in partnership with the Arizona Game and Fish Department and leading experts on the salamander, in close coordination with a Participation Team composed of ranchers and other residents in the areas where the salamander occurs, agency biologists and representatives, environmentalists, and other interested or affected parties. The Participation Plan describes ways in which recovery actions should be implemented and coordinated to ensure recovery of the salamander while minimizing economic and social costs. The Sonoran Tiger Salamander Recovery Plan is available at

Reported by Jim Rorabaugh in the Fish and Wildlife Service’s Phoenix, Arizona, Ecological Field Office.

COPYRIGHT 2003 U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service

COPYRIGHT 2004 Gale Group