Categories
Economic Indicators

Employment, unemployment, and wages

Employment, unemployment, and wages – labor force statistics: 1992-2002

EMPLOYMENT, UNEMPLOYMENT, AND WAGES

STATUS OF THE LABOR FORCE

In September, employment rose by 711,000, and unemployment fell by

50,000.

[GRAPHIC OMITTED]

[Thousands of persons 16 years of age and over, except as noted;

monthly data seasonally adjusted except as noted by NSA]

Civilian Civilian employment

noninstitu- Civilian

Period tional labor Total Agricul-

population force tural

NSA

1992 192,805 128,105 118,492 3,247

1993 194,838 129,200 120,259 3,115

1994 (3) 196,814 131,056 123,060 3,409

1995 198,584 132,304 124,900 3,440

1996 200,591 133,943 126,708 3,443

1997 (4) 203,133 136,297 129,558 3,399

1998 (4) 205,220 137,673 131,463 3,378

1999 (4) 207,753 139,368 133,488 3,281

2000 (4) 209,699 140,863 135,208 3,305

2001 211,864 141,815 135,073 3,144

2001: Sept 212,357 142,068 135,004 3,181

Oct 212,581 142,280 134,615 3,203

Nov 212,767 142,279 134,253 3,154

Dec 212,927 142,314 134,055 3,246

2002: Jan 213,089 141,390 133,468 3,273

Feb 213,206 142,211 134,319 3,246

Mar 213,334 142,005 133,894 3,126

Apr 213,492 142,570 133,976 3,154

May 213,658 142,769 134,417 3,097

June 213,842 142,476 134,053 3,110

July 214,023 142,390 134,045 3,282

Aug 214,225 142,616 134,474 3,188

Sept 214,429 143,277 135,185 3,298

Civilian employment

Unemployment

Nonagricultural

15

Period Part time weeks

for and

Total economic Total over

reasons (1)

1992 115,245 6,240 9,613 3,408

1993 117,144 6,230 8,940 3,094

1994 (3) 119,651 4,414 7,996 2,860

1995 121,460 4,279 7,404 2,363

1996 123,264 4,123 7,236 2,316

1997 (4) 126,159 3,879 6,739 2,062

1998 (4) 128,085 3,501 6,210 1,637

1999 (4) 130,207 3,189 5,880 1,480

2000 (4) 131,903 3,045 5,655 1,309

2001 131,929 3,529 6,742 1,746

2001: Sept 131,823 4,015 7,064 1,907

Oct 131,412 4,222 7,665 2,042

Nov 131,099 4,017 8,026 2,317

Dec 130,809 4,119 8,259 2,410

2002: Jan 130,195 3,781 7,922 2,546

Feb 131,073 3,998 7,891 2,561

Mar 130,768 3,848 8,111 2,688

Apr 130,823 4,009 8,594 2,854

May 131,320 3,818 8,351 2,952

June 130,942 3,758 8,424 3,103

July 130,763 3,949 8,345 2,883

Aug 131,286 4,060 8,142 2,783

Sept 131,887 4,068 8,092 2,900

Percent (2)

Not in Labor Employ- Unem-

Period labor force ment/ ploy-

force partici- pop- ment

pation ulation rate

rate ratio

1992 64,700 66.4 61.5 7.5

1993 65,638 66.3 61.7 6.9

1994 (3) 65,758 66.6 62.5 6.1

1995 66,280 66.6 62.9 5.6

1996 66,647 66.8 63.2 5.4

1997 (4) 66,837 67.1 63.8 4.9

1998 (4) 67,547 67.1 64.1 4.5

1999 (4) 68,385 67.1 64.3 4.2

2000 (4) 68,836 67.2 64.5 4.0

2001 70,050 66.9 63.8 4.8

2001: Sept 70,289 66.9 63.6 5.0

Oct 70,301 66.9 63.3 5.4

Nov 70,488 66.9 63.1 5.6

Dec 70,613 66.8 63.0 5.8

2002: Jan 71,699 66.4 62.6 5.6

Feb 70,995 66.7 63.0 5.5

Mar 71,329 66.6 62.8 5.7

Apr 70,922 66.8 62.8 6.0

May 70,889 66.8 62.9 5.8

June 71,366 66.6 62.7 5.9

July 71,633 66.5 62.6 5.9

Aug 71,609 66.6 62.8 5.7

Sept 71,152 66.8 63.0 5.6

(1) Persons at work. Economic reasons include slack work, material

shortages, inability to find fulltime work, etc.

(2) Civilian labor force (or employment) as percent of civilian

noninstutional population; and unemployment as percent of civilian

labor force.

(3) Data beginning January 1994 are not directly comparable with

data for earlier periods because of a major redesign of the household

survey questionnaire.

(4) Not strictly comparable with earlier data.

NOTE.–See Employment and Earnings for details on breaks in series.

SOURCE: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

SELECTED UNEMPLOYMENT RATES

In September, the unemployment rate fell to 5.6 percent from 5.7

percent in August.

[GRAPHICS OMITTED]

[Monthly data seasonally adjusted]

Unemployment rate (percent of civilian labor force in

group)

By sex and age

Period

All Men Women Both

civilian 20 years 20 years sexes

workers and over and over 16-19

years

1992 7.5 7.1 6.3 20.1

1993 6.9 6.4 5.9 19.0

1994 (2) 6.1 5.4 5.4 17.6

1995 5.6 4.8 4.9 17.3

1996 5.4 4.6 4.8 16.7

1997 4.9 4.2 4.4 16.0

1998 4.5 3.7 4.1 14.6

1999 4.2 3.5 3.8 13.9

2000 4.0 3.3 3.6 13.1

2001 4.8 4.2 4.1 14.7

2001: Sept 5.0 4.3 4.4 14.9

Oct 5.4 4.8 4.8 15.4

Nov 5.6 5.2 4.9 15.7

Dec 5.8 5.2 5.2 16.2

2002: Jan 5.6 5.2 4.8 16.1

Feb 5.5 5.0 5.0 15.6

Mar 5.7 5.2 5.0 16.4

Apr 6.0 5.4 5.4 16.8

May 5.8 5.2 5.2 16.9

June 5.9 5.4 5.1 17.6

July 5.9 5.2 5.2 17.7

Aug 5.7 5.2 4.9 17.2

Sept 5.6 5.2 4.9 15.7

Unemployment rate (percent of civilian labor

force in group)

By race

Period

Black

White and Black

other

1992 6.6 12.7 14.2

1993 6.1 11.7 13.0

1994 (2) 5.3 10.5 11.5

1995 4.9 9.6 10.4

1996 4.7 9.3 10.5

1997 4.2 8.8 10.0

1998 3.9 7.8 8.9

1999 3.7 7.0 8.0

2000 3.5 6.7 7.6

2001 4.2 7.7 8.7

2001: Sept 4.3 8.0 8.8

Oct 4.7 8.6 9.6

Nov 5.0 8.8 9.9

Dec 5.1 9.1 10.2

2002: Jan 5.0 8.7 9.8

Feb 4.9 8.8 9.6

Mar 5.0 9.5 10.7

Apr 5.3 10.0 11.2

May 5.2 9.1 10.2

June 5.2 9.5 10.7

July 5.3 8.9 9.9

Aug 5.1 8.8 9.6

Sept 5.1 8.5 9.6

Unemployment rate (percent of civilian

labor force in group)

By selected groups

Period Expe-

rienced Married Women

wage men, who

and spouse maintain

salary present families

workers

1992 7.2 5.1 10.0

1993 6.6 4.4 9.7

1994 (2) 5.9 3.7 8.9

1995 5.4 3.3 8.0

1996 5.2 3.0 8.2

1997 4.7 2.7 8.1

1998 4.3 2.4 7.2

1999 4.0 2.2 6.4

2000 3.9 2.0 5.9

2001 4.6 2.7 6.6

2001: Sept 4.8 2.8 7.1

Oct 5.3 3.1 6.8

Nov 5.5 3.3 8.0

Dec 5.7 3.4 8.0

2002: Jan 5.5 3.5 7.9

Feb 5.5 3.4 8.0

Mar 5.7 3.4 7.3

Apr 5.9 3.9 8.6

May 5.8 3.6 8.1

June 5.7 4.1 8.2

July 5.7 3.5 8.4

Aug 5.5 3.4 7.3

Sept 5.5 3.6 7.2

Unemployment rate (percent of

civilian labor force in group)

Period By selected groups

Full-time Part-time

workers (1) workers (1)

1992 7.5 7.5

1993 6.9 7.2

1994 (2) 6.1 6.0

1995 5.5 6.0

1996 5.3 5.8

1997 4.8 5.5

1998 4.3 5.3

1999 4.1 5.0

2000 3.9 4.8

2001 4.7 5.1

2001: Sept 5.0 4.6

Oct 5.4 5.5

Nov 5.6 5.6

Dec 5.8 5.6

2002: Jan 5.7 5.2

Feb 5.7 4.8

Mar 5.8 5.2

Apr 6.2 5.2

May 5.9 5.6

June 6.1 5.0

July 5.9 5.4

Aug 5.7 5.6

Sept 5.7 5.3

(1) Revised definition; for details, see Employment and Earnings,

Febraury 1994.

(2) Data beginning January 1994 are not directly comparable with data

for earlier periods.

NOTE.–Data relate to persons age 16 years and over.

Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

SELECTED MEASURES OF UNEMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE

PROGRAMS

In September, the percentage of the unemployed who had been out of work

for less than 5 weeks fell; the percentages for 5-14 weeks and for 27

weeks and over rose; and the percentage for 15-26 weeks was unchanged.

The mean duration of unemployment rose to 17.8 weeks and the median

duration rose to 9.5 weeks.

[GRAPHICS OMITTED]

[Monthly data seasonally adjusted, except as noted]

Duration of unemployment

Un-

employ- Percent distribution

Period ment

(thou- Less

sands) than 5-14

5 weeks

weeks

1992 9,613 35.1 29.4

1993 8,940 36.5 28.9

1994 7,996 34.1 30.1

1995 7,404 36.5 31.6

1996 7,236 36.4 31.6

1997 6,739 37.7 31.7

1998 6,210 42.2 31.4

1999 5,880 43.7 31.2

2000 5,655 45.0 31.9

2001 6,742 42.0 32.1

2001: Sept 7,064 39.6 33.4

Oct 7,665 40.3 33.0

Nov 8,026 38.7 32.2

Dec 8,259 37.1 33.4

2002: Jan 7,922 36.7 31.9

Feb 7,891 35.8 31.8

Mar 8,111 37.6 29.5

Apr 8,594 33.0 33.3

May 8,351 34.4 30.3

June 8,424 31.7 32.3

July 8,345 35.1 29.9

Aug 8,142 35.6 30.0

Sept 8,092 33.4 30.9

Duration of unemployment

Percent distribution

Period Number of weeks

27

15-26 weeks Aver-

weeks and age Median

over (mean)

1992 15.1 20.3 17.7 8.7

1993 14.5 20.1 18.0 8.3

1994 15.5 20.3 18.8 9.2

1995 14.6 17.3 16.6 8.3

1996 14.6 17.4 16.7 8.3

1997 14.8 15.8 15.8 8.0

1998 12.3 14.1 14.5 6.7

1999 12.8 12.3 13.4 6.4

2000 11.8 11.4 12.6 5.9

2001 14.1 11.8 13.2 6.8

2001: Sept 15.3 11.6 13.3 7.3

Oct 14.9 11.8 13.0 7.4

Nov 15.1 13.9 14.4 7.6

Dec 15.9 13.7 14.5 8.2

2002: Jan 17.5 13.9 14.6 8.8

Feb 17.5 14.9 15.0 8.1

Mar 16.6 16.3 15.4 8.1

Apr 16.1 17.6 16.6 8.9

May 15.7 19.6 17.1 9.8

June 16.6 19.4 17.3 11.7

July 16.4 18.6 16.4 8.6

Aug 16.2 18.2 16.2 8.4

Sept 16.2 19.5 17.8 9.5

Reason for unemployment:

percent distribution

Period

Job Job New

los- leav- Reen- en-

ers (1) ers trants trants

1992 56.1 10.4 23.8 9.7

1993 54.2 10.9 24.6 10.3

1994 47.7 9.9 34.8 7.6

1995 46.9 11.1 34.1 7.8

1996 46.6 10.7 34.7 8.0

1997 45.1 11.8 34.7 8.4

1998 45.5 11.8 34.3 8.4

1999 44.6 13.3 34.1 8.0

2000 44.1 13.7 34.6 7.6

2001 50.8 12.3 30.1 6.7

2001: Sept 51.5 11.7 30.1 6.7

Oct 55.4 11.3 27.2 6.0

Nov 56.0 10.5 27.3 6.2

Dec 54.4 11.0 28.6 6.0

2002: Jan 55.1 11.1 27.7 6.1

Feb 54.4 11.0 28.5 6.1

Mar 52.3 10.6 30.3 6.8

Apr 53.2 12.0 28.8 6.1

May 54.5 10.7 28.9 5.9

June 54.8 10.0 28.2 7.0

July 54.9 9.8 28.5 6.8

Aug 55.1 10.0 27.4 7.5

Sept 56.0 9.6 27.9 6.5

State Insured

programs unem-

Period ployment,

Insured all

unem- Initial regular

ploy- claims programs

ment (unadjust-

ed) (2)

Weekly average, thousands

1992 3,245 408 3,348

1993 2,751 341 2,845

1994 2,670 340 2,739

1995 2,572 357 2,633

1996 2,595 356 2,650

1997 2,323 323 2,366

1998 2,222 321 2,257

1999 2,188 298 2,219

2000 2,110 301 2,141

2001 2,972 404 3,005

2001: Sept 3,318 453 2,853

Oct 3,562 465 3,026

Nov 3,603 439 3,138

Dec 3,540 410 3,940

2002: Jan 3,475 401 4,313

Feb 3,522 391 4,300

Mar 3,619 422 4,138

Apr 3,757 435 3,947

May 3,797 412 3,250

June 3,672 393 3,539

July 3,513 386 3,526

Aug 3,532 (r) 399 3,124

Sept (p) 423

(1) Beginning January 1994, job losers and persons who completed

temporary jobs.

(2) Includes State (50 States, District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and

Virgin Islands), ex-servicemen (UCX), and Federal (UCFEO). Railroad

(RR) programs included through 1993. Also includes Federal and State

extended benefit programs. Does not include Federal supplemental

compensation or Emergency Unemployment Compensation programs.

(3) Data beginning January 1994 are not directly comparable with

data for earlier periods.

NOTE.–Data relate to persons age 16 years and over (except for

insured unemployment and initial claims).

Source: Department of Labor (Bureau of Labor Statistics and

Employment and Training Administration).

NONAGRICULTURAL EMPLOYMENT

Total nonagricultural employment as measured by the payroll survey

fell by 43,000 in September.

[GRAPHICS OMITTED]

[Thousands of wage and salary workers; (1) monthly data seasonally

adjusted]

Total Goods-producing industries

nonagri-

Period cultural Con-

employ- Total (2) struc-

ment tion

1992 108,601 23,231 4,492

1993 110,713 23,352 4,668

1994 114,163 23,908 4,986

1995 117,191 24,265 5,160

1996 119,608 24,493 5,418

1997 122,690 24,962 5,691

1998 125,865 25,414 6,020

1999 128,916 25,507 6,415

2000 131,720 25,669 6,653

2001 131,922 24,944 6,685

2001: Sept 131,819 24,675 6,674

Oct 131,414 24,511 6,643

Nov 131,087 24,353 6,629

Dec 130,890 24,261 6,634

2002: Jan 130,871 24,130 6,615

Feb 130,706 24,041 6,597

Mar 130,701 23,975 6,593

Apr 130,680 23,905 6,541

May 130,702 23,870 6,541

June 130,736 23,861 6,549

July (r) 130,790 23,812 6,519

Aug (r) 130,897 23,787 6,553

Sept (p) 130,854 23,749 6,552

Goods-producing industries

Manufacturing

Non-

Period Total Durable durable

goods goods

1992 18,104 10,277 7,827

1993 18,075 10,221 7,854

1994 18,321 10,448 7,873

1995 18,524 10,683 7,841

1996 18,495 10,789 7,706

1997 18,675 11,010 7,665

1998 18,805 11,205 7,600

1999 18,552 11,111 7,441

2000 18,473 11,141 7,332

2001 17,695 10,636 7,059

2001: Sept 17,430 10,445 6,985

Oct 17,302 10,343 6,959

Nov 17,158 10,237 6,921

Dec 17,062 10,166 6,896

2002: Jan 16,947 10,070 6,877

Feb 16,880 10,023 6,857

Mar 16,822 9,976 6,846

Apr 16,800 9,976 6,824

May 16,771 9,963 6,808

June 16,757 9,944 6,813

July (r) 16,742 9,922 6,820

Aug (r) 16,679 9,876 6,803

Sept (p) 16,644 9,834 6,810

Service-producing industries

Trans-

porta- Whole- Retail

Period tion and sale trade

Total public trade

utilities

1992 85,370 5,718 5,997 19,356

1993 87,361 5,811 5,981 19,773

1994 90,256 5,984 6,162 20,507

1995 29,251 6,132 6,378 21,187

1996 95,151 6,253 6,482 21,597

1997 97,271 6,408 6,648 21,966

1998 100,451 6,611 6,800 22,295

1999 103,409 6,834 6,911 22,848

2000 106,051 7,031 6,947 23,337

2001 106,978 7,065 6,776 23,522

2001: Sept 107,144 7,044 6,747 23,509

Oct 106,903 6,974 6,728 23,470

Nov 106,734 6,907 6,693 23,449

Dec 106,629 6,856 6,702 23,318

2002: Jan 106,741 6,850 6,702 23,396

Feb 106,665 6,837 6,689 23,331

Mar 106,726 6,814 6,681 23,332

Apr 106,775 6,799 6,678 23,345

May 106,832 6,793 6,681 23,327

June 106,875 6,790 6,681 23,308

July (r) 106,978 6,780 6,679 23,339

Aug (r) 107,110 6,763 6,672 23,295

Sept (p) 107,105 6,731 6,667 23,279

Service-producing industries

Finance,

insur- Government

Period ance, Services

and real Total Federal

estate

1992 6,602 29,052 18,645 2,969

1993 6,757 30,197 18,841 2,915

1994 6,896 31,579 19,128 2,870

1995 6,806 33,117 19,305 2,822

1996 6,911 34,454 19,419 2,757

1997 7,109 36,040 19,557 2,699

1998 7,389 37,533 19,823 2,686

1999 7,555 39,055 20,206 2,669

2000 7,578 40,457 20,702 2,777

2001 7,712 40,970 20,933 2,616

2001: Sept 7,739 41,062 21,043 2,622

Oct 7,743 40,923 21,065 2,622

Nov 7,751 40,834 21,100 2,616

Dec 7,748 40,883 21,122 2,615

2002: Jan 7,748 40,908 21,137 2,609

Feb 7,745 40,901 21,162 2,608

Mar 7,740 40,963 21,196 2,611

Apr 7,743 41,025 21,185 2,610

May 7,732 41,093 21,206 2,600

June 7,733 41,152 21,211 2,601

July (r) 7,737 41,215 21,228 2,607

Aug (r) 7,747 41,352 21,281 2,616

Sept (p) 7,763 41,380 21,285 2,627

(1) Includes all full- and part-time wage and salary workers in

nonagricultural establishments who received pay for any part of the

pay period which includes the 12th of the month. Excludes proprietors,

self-employed persons, domestic servants, and personnel of the Armed

Forces. Total in this table not comparable with estimates of

nonagricultural employment of the civilian labor force, shown on p. 11,

which include proprietors, self-employed persons, and domestic

servants; which count persons as employed when they are not at work

because of industrial disputes, bad weather, etc., even if they are

not paid for the time off; and which are based on a sample of the

working-age population, whereas the estimates in this table are based

on reports from employing establishments. In the series shown here,

persons who work at more than one job are counted each time they appear

on a payroll, in contrast to the series shown on p. 11, where persons

are counted only once–as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor

force.

(2) Includes mining, not shown separately.

Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS, HOURLY EARNINGS, AND WEEKLY EARNINGS

PRIVATE NONAGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIES

[For production or nonsupervisory workers; monthly data seasonally

adjusted]

Average weekly hours

Total Manufacturing

private

Period nonagri- Total Overtime

cultural (1)

1992 34.4 41.0 3.8

1993 34.5 41.4 4.1

1994 34.7 42.0 4.7

1995 34.5 41.6 4.4

1996 34.4 41.6 4.5

1997 34.6 42.0 4.8

1998 34.6 41.7 4.6

1999 34.5 41.7 4.6

2000 34.5 41.6 4.6

2001 34.2 40.7 3.9

2001: Aug 34.1 40.7 4.0

Sept 34.1 40.6 3.9

Oct 34.0 40.5 3.8

Nov 34.1 40.4 3.8

Dec 34.1 40.6 3.8

2002: Jan 34.1 40.6 3.9

Feb 34.2 40.7 3.9

Mar 34.2 41.0 4.1

Apr 34.2 40.9 4.2

May 34.2 40.9 4.2

June 34.3 41.1 4.3

July 34.0 40.7 4.0

Aug (r) 34.1 40.9 4.2

Sept (p) 34.3 40.9 4.1

Average gross hourly earnings

Total private

nonagricultural (1)

Period

Current 1982 Manufac-

dollars dollars (2) turing

1992 $10.57 $7.41 $11.46

1993 10.83 7.39 11.74

1994 11.12 7.40 12.07

1995 11.43 7.39 12.37

1996 11.82 7.43 12.77

1997 12.28 7.55 13.17

1998 12.78 7.75 13.49

1999 13.24 7.86 13.90

2000 13.76 7.89 14.37

2001 14.32 8.00 14.83

2001: Aug 14.38 8.02 14.91

Sept 14.43 8.01 14.95

Oct 14.46 8.06 14.99

Nov 14.52 8.10 15.03

Dec 14.56 8.14 15.08

2002: Jan 14.59 8.14 15.13

Feb 14.62 8.14 15.17

Mar 14.65 8.13 15.19

Apr 14.68 8.10 15.19

May 14.70 8.12 15.27

June 14.75 8.14 15.31

July 14.78 8.14 15.28

Aug (r) 14.82 8.14 15.33

Sept (p) 14.87 15.36

Average gross weekly earnings

Total private Current

nonagricultural (1) dollars

Period

Current 1982 Manufac-

dollars dollars (2) turing

1992 $363.61 $254.99 $469.86

1993 373.64 254.87 486.04

1994 385.86 256.73 506.94

1995 394.34 255.07 514.59

1996 406.61 255.73 531.23

1997 424.89 261.31 553.14

1998 442.19 268.32 562.53

1999 456.78 271.25 579.63

2000 474.72 272.36 597.79

2001 489.74 273.45 603.58

2001: Aug 490.36 273.49 606.84

Sept 492.06 278.06 606.97

Oct 491.64 273.89 607.10

Nov 495.13 276.15 607.21

Dec 496.50 277.68 612.25

2002: Jan 497.52 277.63 614.28

Feb 500.00 278.40 617.42

Mar 501.03 278.04 622.79

Apr 502.06 277.08 621.27

May 502.74 277.60 624.54

June 505.93 279.06 629.24

July 502.52 276.72 621.90

Aug (r) 505.36 277.52 627.00

Sept (p) 510.04 628.22

Average gross weekly earnings

Percent change from

a year earlier, total

private non-

Current dollars agricultural

Period

Construc- Retail Current 1982

tion trade dollars dollars

1992 $537.70 $205.06 2.7 -0.2

1993 553.63 209.95 2.8 -.0

1994 573.00 216.46 3.3 .7

1995 587.00 221.47 2.2 -.6

1996 603.33 230.11 3.1 .3

1997 625.56 240.74 4.5 2.2

1998 646.13 253.46 4.1 2.7

1999 672.13 263.61 3.3 1.1

2000 702.68 273.39 3.9 .4

2001 720.76 282.35 3.2 .4

2001: Aug 721.94 281.95 3.2 .5

Sept 720.89 282.53 3.2 .7

Oct 717.60 283.39 2.6 .6

Nov 725.87 285.12 3.0 1.4

Dec 727.26 285.82 3.5 2.3

2002: Jan 736.68 286.11 2.9 2.1

Feb 735.99 287.68 3.5 2.7

Mar 732.73 289.55 3.4 2.2

Apr 734.37 289.13 3.3 2.0

May 726.40 290.71 3.2 2.4

June 733.59 292.75 3.5 2.7

July 720.83 289.44 2.5 1.2

Aug (r) 729.15 291.60 3.1 1.5

Sept (p) 738.66 293.91 3.7

(1) Also includes other private industry groups shown on p. 14.

(2) Current dollar earnings divided by the consumer price index for

urban wage earners and clerical workers (CPI-W) (on a 1982=100 base).

Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

EMPLOYMENT COST INDEX–PRIVATE INDUSTRY

Index (June 1989 = 100)

Total

Period compensa- Wages and Benefits (1)

tion salaries

Not seasonally adjusted

1992: Dec 115.6 112.9 122.2

1993: Dec 119.8 116.4 128.3

1994: Dec 123.5 119.7 133.0

1995: Dec 126.7 123.1 135.9

1996: Dec 130.6 127.3 138.6

1997: Dec 135.1 132.3 141.8

1998: Dec 139.8 137.4 145.2

1999: Dec 144.6 142.2 150.2

2000: Dec 150.9 147.7 158.6

2001: Dec 157.2 153.3 166.7

Seasonally adjusted

1999: Mar 140.2 138.1 145.2

June 141.8 139.7 146.7

Sept 143.1 140.9 148.2

Dec 144.6 142.3 150.2

2000: Mar 146.6 143.9 153.1

June 148.3 145.4 155.1

Sept 149.8 146.7 157.0

Dec 151.1 147.9 158.8

2001: Mar 152.8 149.4 160.8

June 154.3 150.9 162.5

Sept 155.7 152.0 164.7

Dec 157.3 153.4 166.8

2002: Mar 158.7 154.8 168.6

June 160.4 156.3 170.9

Percent change from

3 months earlier

Period

Total

compensa- Wages and Benefits (1)

tion salaries

Not seasonally adjusted

1992: Dec

1993: Dec

1994: Dec

1995: Dec

1996: Dec

1997: Dec

1998: Dec

1999: Dec

2000: Dec

2001: Dec

Seasonally adjusted

1999: Mar 0.3 0.4 0.0

June 1.1 1.2 1.0

Sept .9 .9 1.0

Dec 1.0 1.0 1.3

2000: Mar 1.4 1.1 1.9

June 1.2 1.0 1.3

Sept 1.0 .9 1.2

Dec .9 .8 1.1

2001: Mar 1.1 1.0 1.3

June 1.0 1.0 1.1

Sept .9 .7 1.4

Dec 1.0 .9 1.3

2002: Mar .9 .9 1.1

June 1.1 1.0 1.4

Percent change from

12 months earlier

Period

Total

compensa- Wages and Benefits (1)

tion salaries

Not seasonally adjusted

1992: Dec 3.5 2.6 5.2

1993: Dec 3.6 3.1 5.0

1994: Dec 3.1 2.8 3.7

1995: Dec 2.6 2.8 2.2

1996: Dec 3.1 3.4 2.0

1997: Dec 3.4 3.9 2.3

1998: Dec 3.5 3.9 2.4

1999: Dec 3.4 3.5 3.4

2000: Dec 4.4 3.9 5.6

2001: Dec 4.2 3.8 5.1

Not seasonally adjusted

1999: Mar 3.0 3.3 2.2

June 3.3 3.6 2.5

Sept 3.1 3.2 2.8

Dec 3.4 3.5 3.4

2000: Mar 4.6 4.2 5.5

June 4.6 4.1 5.7

Sept 4.6 4.1 6.0

Dec 4.4 3.9 5.6

2001: Mar 4.2 3.8 5.0

June 4.0 3.8 4.8

Sept 4.0 3.6 4.9

Dec 4.2 3.8 5.1

2002: Mar 3.9 3.5 4.8

June 4.0 3.6 5.1

(1) Employer costs for employee benefits.

NOTE.–The employment cost index is a measure of the change in the

cost of labor, free from the influence of employment shifts among

occupations and industries.

Data exclude farm and household workers.

Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

PRODUCTIVITY AND RELATED DATA, BUSINESS SECTOR

Output per hour of

all persons Output (1)

Period

Business Nonfarm Business Nonfarm

sector business sector business

sector sector

Indexes, 1992 = 100; quarterly data seasonnaly

adjusted

1992 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

1993 100.5 100.5 103.1 103.3

1994 101.9 101.8 108.1 108.2

1995 102.6 102.8 111.5 111.8

1996 105.4 105.4 116.4 116.7

1997 107.8 107.5 122.5 122.7

1998 110.6 110.3 128.5 128.8

1999 113.5 112.9 134.5 134.8

2000 116.9 116.2 140.0 140.2

2001 118.2 117.5 139.8 140.1

1998: I 110.0 109.6 126.7 127.0

II 110.0 109.8 127.3 127.7

III 110.6 110.3 128.7 129.0

IV 111.8 111.4 131.3 131.6

1999: I 112.7 112.1 132.4 132.7

II 112.5 111.9 133.0 133.3

III 113.6 112.9 134.9 135.3

IV 115.2 114.7 137.7 138.0

2000: I 115.3 114.7 138.4 138.7

II 117.2 116.4 140.3 140.5

III 117.3 116.6 140.4 140.6

IV 117.9 117.1 140.7 141.0

2001: I 117.5 116.7 140.4 140.7

II 117.4 116.6 139.4 139.7

IH 117.9 117.2 139.1 139.4

IV 120.1 119.3 140.3 140.4

2002: I 122.5 121.8 142.3 142.5

II * 123.0 122.3 142.5 142.8

Hours of all Compensation per

persons (2) hour (2)

Period

Business Nonfarm Business Nonfarm

sector business sector business

sector sector

Indexes, 1992 = 100; quarterly data seasonnaly

adjusted

1992 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

1993 102.6 102.9 102.5 102.2

1994 106.2 106.2 104.5 104.3

1995 108.7 108.8 106.7 106.6

1996 110.4 110.7 110.1 109.8

1997 113.6 114.1 113.5 113.1

1998 116.2 116.8 119.7 119.1

1999 118.5 119.4 125.2 124.3

2000 119.7 120.6 133.8 138.0

2001 118.2 119.2 137.7 136.6

1998: I 115.2 115.9 117.6 116.9

II 115.7 116.3 119.1 118.6

III 116.3 117.0 120.5 119.9

IV 117.4 118.1 121.7 121.1

1999: I 117.4 118.4 124.1 123.2

II 118.2 119.1 124.3 123.4

III 118.8 119.8 125.4 124.5

IV 119.5 120.4 127.0 126.3

2000: I 120.1 120.9 131.4 130.8

II 119.7 120.7 132.4 131.5

III 119.7 120.6 135.0 134.3

IV 119.4 120.4 136.3 135.3

2001: I 119.5 120.6 137.3 136.3

II 118.7 119.8 137.5 136.3

IH 117.9 118.9 137.8 136.7

IV 116.8 117.7 138.3 137.2

2002: I 116.1 117.0 139.6 138.4

II * 115.8 116.8 140.9 139.7

Real compensation Unit labor

per hour (4) costs

Period

Business Nonfarm Business Nonfarm

sector business sector business

sector sector

Indexes, 1992 = 100; quarterly data seasonnaly

adjusted

1992 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

1993 100.0 99.7 101.9 101.7

1994 90.9 99.7 102.6 102.5

1995 90.6 99.4 104.1 103.7

1996 100.1 99.8 104.5 104.2

1997 101.0 100.6 105.3 105.2

1998 105.0 104.5 108.2 108.0

1999 107.6 106.8 110.3 110.1

2000 111.2 110.6 114.4 114.4

2001 111.4 110.5 116.5 116.3

1998: I 103.6 103.0 106.9 106.7

II 104.7 104.2 108.3 108.0

III 105.5 105.0 108.9 108.7

IV 106.1 105.5 108.8 108.6

1999: I 107.7 106.9 110.2 109.0

II 107.1 106.3 110.5 110.3

III 107.3 106.6 110.4 110.3

IV 107.8 107.2 110.2 110.1

2000: I 110.5 110.0 114.0 114.0

II 110.5 109.8 113.0 113.0

III 111.7 111.1 115.1 115.2

IV 111.9 111.2 115.6 115.6

2001: I 111.8 110.9 116.9 116.8

II 111.0 110.1 117.1 116.9

IH 111.1 110.2 116.8 116.6

IV 111.6 110.7 115.1 115.0

2002: I 112.2 111.3 113.9 113.6

II * 112.4 111.3 114.5 116.1

Implicit price Output per hour of

deflator (5) all persons

Period

Business Nonfarm Business Nonfarm

sector business sector business

sector sector

Indexes, 1992 = 100; Percent change;

quarterly data quarterly data at

seasonnaly adjusted seasonally adjusted

annual rates

1992 100.0 100.0 3.9 3.7

1993 102.2 102.2 .5 .5

1994 104.0 104.1 1.3 1.3

1995 106.0 106.1 .7 .9

1996 107.7 107.6 2.8 2.5

1997 109.7 109.8 2.3 2.0

1998 110.6 110.8 2.6 2.6

1999 111.6 112.1 2.6 2.4

2000 113.5 114.1 3.0 2.9

2001 115.8 116.3 1.1 1.1

1998: I 110.3 110.5 5.1 4.9

II 110.4 110.6 .1 .6

III 110.7 111.0 2.3 1.9

IV 110.8 111.1 4.4 4.3

1999: I 111.2 111.5 3.1 2.4

II 111.5 111.9 -.6 -.8

III 111.8 112.3 3.8 3.7

IV 112.1 112.6 5.8 6.3

2000: I 112.8 113.4 .3 .2

II 113.4 113.9 6.7 6.0

III 113.7 114.3 .4 .6

IV 114.3 114.8 2.1 1.7

2001: I 115.2 115.7 -1.5 -1.5

II 115.8 116.3 -.2 -.1

IH 116.4 116.8 1.8 2.1

IV 115.9 116.5 7.6 7.3

2002: I 116.0 116.4 8.3 8.6

II * 116.1 116.8 1.7 1.5

Hours of all

Output (1) persons (2)

Period

Business Nonfarm Business Nonfarm

sector business sector business

sector sector

Percent change; quarterly data at seasonally

adjusted annual rates

1992 3.7 3.5 -0.2 -0.2

1993 3.1 3.3 2.6 2.9

1994 4.9 4.7 3.5 3.3

1995 3.1 3.4 2.4 2.4

1996 4.4 4.3 1.6 1.7

1997 5.2 5.1 2.9 3.1

1998 4.9 5.0 2.2 2.4

1999 4.7 4.6 2.0 2.2

2000 4.1 4.0 1.0 1.0

2001 -.2 -.1 -1.3 -1.2

1998: I 7.5 7.8 2.2 2.8

II 1.9 2.1 1.9 1.4

III 4.4 4.3 2.0 2.4

IV 8.2 8.3 3.7 3.8

1999: I 3.4 3.3 .2 .9

II 2.1 1.9 2.7 2.6

III 5.9 6.0 2.0 2.2

IV 8.4 8.3 2.4 1.9

2000: I 2.2 1.9 1.9 1.7

II 5.4 5.4 -1.2 -.6

III .4 .2 .0 -.4

IV .9 1.1 -1.2 -.6

2001: I -1.0 -.9 .4 .5

II -2.8 -2.7 -2.6 -2.6

IH -.9 -.8 -2.6 -2.9

IV 3.5 2.9 -3.9 -4.1

2002: I 5.9 6.2 -2.2 -2.2

II * .5 .8 -1.2 -.7

Compensation per Real compensation

hour (2) per hour (4)

Period

Business Nonfarm Business Nonfarm

sector business sector business

sector sector

Percent change; quarterly data at seasonally

adjusted annual rates

1992 5.3 5.3 2.7 2.7

1993 2.5 2.2 .0 -.3

1994 2.0 2.1 -.1 .0

1995 2.1 2.1 -.3 -.3

1996 3.2 3.1 .5 .4

1997 3.1 3.0 .9 .8

1998 5.5 5.4 4.0 3.9

1999 4.6 4.4 2.4 2.2

2000 6.8 7.0 3.4 3.5

2001 2.9 2.7 .2 -.1

1998: I 7.3 7.0 6.5 6.2

II 5.4 5.8 4.2 4.6

III 4.7 4.6 3.1 3.0

IV 4.0 3.8 2.2 2.0

1999: I 8.2 7.3 6.5 5.5

II .5 .6 -2.3 -2.2

III 3.7 3.7 .8 .8

IV 5.1 5.8 1.7 2.5

2000: I 14.7 15.2 10.3 10.7

II 3.0 2.2 .0 -.7

III 8.3 8.7 4.6 4.9

IV 3.7 3.1 .7 .2

2001: I 3.1 2.8 -.6 -.9

II .5 .1 -2.6 -2.9

IH .9 1.0 .2 .3

IV 1.4 1.5 1.7 1.8

2002: I 3.8 3.6 2.3 2.2

II * 4.0 3.7 .5 .2

Unit labor Implicit price

costs deflator (5)

Period

Business Nonfarm Business Nonfarm

sector business sector business

sector sector

Percent change; quarterly data at seasonally

adjusted annual rates

1992 1.4 1.6 2.0 2.1

1993 1.9 1.7 2.2 2.2

1994 .7 .8 1.8 1.9

1995 1.4 1.2 2.0 2.0

1996 .4 .5 1.6 1.4

1997 .8 .9 1.8 2.1

1998 2.8 2.7 .8 .9

1999 1.9 2.0 1.0 1.2

2000 3.7 3.9 1.7 1.8

2001 1.8 1.6 2.0 1.9

1998: I 2.1 2.0 .5 .6

II 5.3 5.1 .5 .4

III 2.3 2.7 .9 1.2

IV -.4 -.4 .5 .5

1999: I 5.0 4.8 1.3 1.4

II 1.1 1.3 1.0 1.5

III -.1 .0 1.2 1.4

IV -.7 -.5 1.1 1.3

2000: I 14.4 14.9 2.4 2.7

II -3.5 -3.6 2.2 1.9

III 7.8 8.0 1.1 1.4

IV 1.6 1.4 1.9 1.6

2001: I 4.7 4.3 3.4 3.3

II .7 .3 2.2 2.0

IH -.9 -1.1 1.8 1.7

IV -5.8 -5.4 -1.6 -1.0

2002: I -4.2 -4.6 .3 -.2

II * 2.3 2.1 .5 1.3

(1) Output refers to real gross domestic product originating in the

sector.

(2) Hours of all persons engaged in the sector, including hours of

proprietors and unpaid family workers. Estimates based primarily on

establishment data.

(3) Wages and salaries of employees plus employers’ contributions for

social insurance and private benefit plans. Also includes an estimate

of wages, salaries, and supplemental payments for the self-employed.

(4) Hourly compensation divided by the consumer price index for all

urban consumers (CPI-U) for recent quarters. The trend from 1978-2001

is based on the consumer price index research series (CPI-U-RS).

(5) Current dollar gross domestic output divided by the output index.

NOTE.–Data relate to all persons engaged in the sector.

Percent changes are from preceeding period and are based on original

data; they therefore may differ slightly from percent changes based on

indexes shown here.

* Data based on GDP data released August 29, 2002.

Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

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COPYRIGHT 2002 Gale Group