Categories
Economic Indicators

Employment, unemployment, and wages

Employment, unemployment, and wages

EMPLOYMENT, UNEMPLOYMENT, AND WAGES

STATUS OF THE LABOR FORCE

In December, employment fell by 273,000, and unemployment rose by

82,000.

[GRAPHIC OMITTED]

[Thousands of persons 16 years of age and over, except as noted;

monthly data seasonally adjusted except as noted by NSA]

Civilian employment

Civilian

noninstitu- Civilian

Period tional labor Agricul-

population force Total tural

NSA

1993 194,838 129,200 120,259 3,115

1994 (3) 196,814 131,056 123,060 3,409

1995 198,584 132,304 124,900 3,440

1996 200,591 133,943 126,708 3,443

1997 (4) 203,133 136,297 129,558 3,399

1998 (4) 205,220 137,673 131,463 3,378

1999 (4) 207,753 139,368 133,488 3,281

2000 (4) 209,699 140,863 135,208 3,305

2001 211,864 141,815 135,073 3,144

2002 213,977 142,535 134,269 3,248

2001: Dec 212,927 142,314 134,055 3,246

2002: Jan 213,089 141,390 133,468 3,273

Feb 213,206 142,211 134,319 3,246

Mar 213,334 142,005 133,894 3,126

Apr 213,492 142,570 133,976 3,154

May 213,658 142,769 134,417 3,097

June 213,842 142,476 134,053 3,110

July 214,023 142,390 134,045 3,282

Aug 214,225 142,616 134,474 3,188

Sept 214,429 143,277 135,185 3,298

Oct 214,643 143,123 134,914 3,525

Nov 214,819 142,733 134,225 3,357

Dec 214,968 142,542 133,952 3,311

Civilian employment Unemployment

Nonagricultural

15

Period Part time weeks

for Total and

Total economic over

reasons (1)

1993 117,144 6,230 8,940 3,094

1994 (3) 119,651 4,414 7,996 2,860

1995 121,460 4,279 7,404 2,363

1996 123,264 4,123 7,236 2,316

1997 (4) 126,159 3,879 6,739 2,062

1998 (4) 128,085 3,501 6,210 1,637

1999 (4) 130,207 3,189 5,880 1,480

2000 (4) 131,903 3,045 5,655 1,309

2001 131,929 3,529 6,742 1,746

2002 131,020 3,959 8,266 2,861

2001: Dec 130,809 4,119 8,259 2,410

2002: Jan 130,195 3,781 7,922 2,546

Feb 131,073 3,998 7,891 2,561

Mar 130,768 3,848 8,111 2,688

Apr 130,823 4,009 8,594 2,854

May 131,320 3,818 8,351 2,952

June 130,942 3,758 8,424 3,103

July 130,763 3,949 8,345 2,883

Aug 131,286 4,060 8,142 2,783

Sept 131,887 4,068 8,092 2,900

Oct 131,389 4,148 8,209 2,980

Nov 130,867 4,032 8,508 3,022

Dec 130,640 3,928 8,590 3,225

Percent (2)

Not in Labor Employ-

labor force ment/ Unem-

Period force partici- pop- ploy-

pation ulation ment

rate ratio rate

1993 65,638 66.3 61.7 6.9

1994 (3) 65,758 66.6 62.5 6.1

1995 66,280 66.6 62.9 5.6

1996 66,647 66.8 63.2 5.4

1997 (4) 66,837 67.1 63.8 4.9

1998 (4) 67,547 67.1 64.1 4.5

1999 (4) 68,385 67.1 64.3 4.2

2000 (4) 68,836 67.2 64.5 4.0

2001 70,050 66.9 63.8 4.8

2002 71,442 66.6 62.7 5.8

2001: Dec 70,613 66.8 63.0 5.8

2002: Jan 71,699 66.4 62.6 5.6

Feb 70,995 66.7 63.0 5.5

Mar 71,329 66.6 62.8 5.7

Apr 70,922 66.8 62.8 6.0

May 70,889 66.8 62.9 5.8

June 71,366 66.6 62.7 5.9

July 71,633 66.5 62.6 5.9

Aug 71,609 66.6 62.8 5.7

Sept 71,152 66.8 63.0 5.6

Oct 71,519 66.7 62.9 5.7

Nov 72,087 66.4 62.5 6.0

Dec 72,425 66.3 62.3 6.0

(1) Persons at work. Economic reasons include slack work, material

shortages, inability to find fulltime work, etc.

(2) Civilian labor force (or employment) as percent of civilian

noninsittutional population; and unemployment as percent of civilian

labor force.

(3) Data beginning January 1994 are not directly comparable with data

for earlier periods because of a major redesign of the household

survey questionnaire.

(4) Not strictly comparable with earlier data.

NOTE.–See Employment and Earnings for details on breaks in series.

Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

SELECTED UNEMPLOYMENT RATES

In December, the unemployment rate was unchanged from November at

6.0 percent

[GRAPHICS OMITTED]

[Monthly data seasonally adjusted]

Unemployment rate (percent of civilian labor

force in group)

By sex and age

Period All Both

civilian Men Women sexes

workers 20 years 20 years 16-19

and over and over years

1993 6.9 6.4 5.9 19.0

1994 (2) 6.1 5.4 5.4 17.6

1995 5.6 4.8 4.9 17.3

1996 5.4 4.6 4.8 16.7

1997 4.9 4.2 4.4 16.0

1998 4.5 3.7 4.1 14.6

1999 4.2 3.5 3.8 13.9

2000 4.0 3.3 3.6 13.1

2001 4.8 4.2 4.1 14.7

2002 5.8 5.3 5.1 16.5

2001: Dec 5.8 5.2 5.2 16.2

2002: Jan 5.6 5.2 4.8 16.1

Feb 5.5 5.0 5.0 15.6

Mar 5.7 5.2 5.0 16.4

Apr 6.0 5.4 5.4 16.8

May 5.8 5.2 5.2 16.9

June 5.9 5.4 5.1 17.6

July 5.9 5.2 5.2 17.7

Aug 5.7 5.2 4.9 17.2

Sept 5.6 5.2 4.9 15.7

Oct 5.7 5.2 5.2 14.6

Nov 6.0 5.7 5.0 16.8

Dec 6.0 5.6 5.3 16.1

Unemployment rate (percent of civilian labor force

in group)

By race By selected groups

Period Expe-

Black rienced Married

White and Black wage men,

other and spouse

salary present

workers

1993 6.1 11.7 13.0 6.6 4.4

1994 (2) 5.3 10.5 11.5 5.9 3.7

1995 4.9 9.6 10.4 5.4 3.3

1996 4.7 9.3 10.5 5.2 3.0

1997 4.2 8.8 10.0 4.7 2.7

1998 3.9 7.8 8.9 4.3 2.4

1999 3.7 7.0 8.0 4.0 2.2

2000 3.5 6.7 7.6 3.9 2.0

2001 4.2 7.7 8.7 4.6 2.7

2002 5.1 9.2 10.3 5.7 3.6

2001: Dec 5.1 9.1 10.2 5.7 3.4

2002: Jan 5.0 8.7 9.8 5.5 3.5

Feb 4.9 8.8 9.6 5.5 3.4

Mar 5.0 9.5 10.7 5.7 3.4

Apr 5.3 10.0 11.2 5.9 3.9

May 5.2 9.1 10.2 5.8 3.6

June 5.2 9.5 10.7 5.7 4.1

July 5.3 8.9 9.9 5.7 3.5

Aug 5.1 8.8 9.6 5.5 3.4

Sept 5.1 8.5 9.6 5.5 3.6

Oct 5.1 8.8 9.8 5.7 3.4

Nov 5.2 9.8 11.0 5.7 3.6

Dec 5.1 10.1 11.5 5.9 3.6

Unemployment rate (percent of civilian

labor force in group)

By selected groups

Period Women

who Full-time Part-time

maintain workers (1) workers (1)

families

1993 9.7 6.9 7.2

1994 (2) 8.9 6.1 6.0

1995 8.0 5.5 6.0

1996 8.2 5.3 5.8

1997 8.1 4.8 5.5

1998 7.2 4.3 5.3

1999 6.4 4.1 5.0

2000 5.9 3.9 4.8

2001 6.6 4.7 5.1

2002 8.0 5.9 5.3

2001: Dec 8.0 5.8 5.6

2002: Jan 7.9 5.7 5.2

Feb 8.0 5.7 4.8

Mar 7.3 5.8 5.2

Apr 8.6 6.2 5.2

May 8.1 5.9 5.6

June 8.2 6.1 5.0

July 8.4 5.9 5.4

Aug 7.3 5.7 5.6

Sept 7.2 5.7 5.3

Oct 8.0 5.8 5.3

Nov 8.3 6.1 5.1

Dec 8.7 6.1 5.4

(1) Revised definition; for details, see Employment and Earnings,

February 1994.

(2) Data beginning January 1994 are not directly comparable with data

for periods.

NOTE.–Data relate to persons age 16 years and over.

Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

SELECTED MEASURES OF UNEMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE

PROGRAMS

In December, the percentages of the unemployed who had been out of work

for less than 5 weeks and for 5-14 weeks fell; the percenfages for

15-26 weeks and for 27 weeks and over rose. The mean duration of

unemployment rose to 18.5 weeks and the median duration rose to 9.6

weeks.

[GRAPHICS OMITTED]

[Monthly data seasonally adjusted, except as noted]

Duration of unemployment

Un-

employ- Percent distribution

Period ment

(thou- Less 27

sands) than 5-14 15-26 weeks

5.0 weeks weeks and

weeks over

1993 8,940 36.5 28.9 14.5 20.1

1994 (3) 7,996 34.1 30.1 15.5 20.3

1995 7,404 36.5 31.6 14.6 17.3

1996 7,236 36.4 31.6 14.6 17.4

1997 6,739 37.7 31.7 14.8 15.8

1998 6,210 42.2 31.4 12.3 14.1

1999 5,880 43.7 32.1 12.8 12.3

2000 5,655 45.0 31.9 11.8 11.4

2001 6,742 42.0 32.1 14.1 11.8

2002 8,266 34.6 30.8 16.3 18.3

2001: Dec 8,259 37.1 33.4 15.9 13.7

2002: Jan 7,922 36.7 31.9 17.5 13.9

Feb 7,891 35.8 31.8 17.5 14.9

Mar 8,111 37.6 29.5 16.6 16.3

Apr 8,594 33.0 33.3 16.1 17.6

May 8,351 34.4 30.3 15.7 19.6

June 8,424 31.7 32.3 16.6 19.4

July 8,345 35.1 29.9 16.4 18.6

Aug 8,142 35.6 30.0 16.2 18.2

Sept 8,092 33.4 30.9 16.2 19.5

Oct 8,209 33.2 30.3 16.2 20.3

Nov 8,508 34.5 29.6 15.3 20.6

Dec 8,590 32.7 29.4 16.1 21.8

Duration of Reason for unemployment:

unemployment percent distribution

Period Number of weeks

Job Job Reen-

Aver- los- leav- trants

age Median ers (1) ers

(mean)

1993 18.0 8.3 54.2 10.9 24.6

1994 (3) 18.8 9.2 47.7 9.9 34.8

1995 16.6 8.3 46.9 11.1 34.1

1996 16.7 8.3 46.6 10.7 34.7

1997 15.8 8.0 45.1 11.8 34.7

1998 14.5 6.7 45.5 11.8 34.3

1999 13.4 6.4 44.6 13.3 34.1

2000 12.6 5.9 44.1 13.7 34.6

2001 13.2 6.8 50.8 12.3 30.1

2002 16.6 9.1 54.7 10.4 28.5

2001: Dec 14.5 8.2 54.4 11.0 28.6

2002: Jan 14.6 8.8 55.1 11.1 27.7

Feb 15.0 8.1 54.4 11.0 28.5

Mar 15.4 8.1 52.3 10.6 30.3

Apr 16.6 8.9 53.2 12.0 28.8

May 17.1 9.8 54.5 10.7 28.9

June 17.3 11.7 54.8 10.0 28.2

July 16.4 8.6 54.9 9.8 28.5

Aug 16.2 8.4 55.1 10.0 27.4

Sept 17.8 9.5 56.0 9.6 27.9

Oct 17.5 9.6 56.5 10.0 27.9

Nov 17.7 9.3 55.1 9.7 28.2

Dec 18.5 9.6 54.6 10.2 29.2

Reason for unem- State Insured

ployment: percent programs unem-

distribution ployment,

Period Insured all

New unem- Initial regular

en- ploy- claims programs

trants ment (unadjust-

ed) (2)

Weekly average, thousands

1993 10.3 2,751 341 2,845

1994 (3) 7.6 2,670 340 2,739

1995 7.8 2,572 357 2,633

1996 8.0 2,595 356 2,650

1997 8.4 2,323 323 2,366

1998 8.4 2,222 321 2,257

1999 8.0 2,188 298 2,219

2000 7.6 2,110 301 2,141

2001 6.7 (r) 2,974 404 (r) 3,007

2002 6.5 3,585 407 3,618

2001: Dec 6.0 3,540 410 3,940

2002: Jan 6.1 3,475 401 4,313

Feb 6.1 3,522 391 4,300

Mar 6.8 3,619 422 4,138

Apr 6.1 3,757 435 3,947

May 5.9 3,797 412 3,250

June 7.0 3,672 393 3,539

July 6.8 3,513 386 3,524

Aug 7.5 3,532 399 3,123

Sept 6.5 3,627 423 3,267

Oct 5.6 3,597 491 2,935

Nov 7.0 3,483 378 (r) 3,082

Dec 6.1 3,438 418 3,898

(1) Beginning January 1994, job losers and persons who completed

temporary jobs.

(2) Includes State (50 States, District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and

Virgin Islands), ex-servicemen (UCX), and Federal (UCFE). Railroad (RR)

programs included through 1993. Also incompensation or Emergency

Unemployment Compensation programs.

(3) Data beginning January 1994 not directly comparable with data for

earlier periods.

NOTE.–Data relate to persons age 16 years and over (except for insured

unemployment and initial claims).

Source: Department of Labor (Bureau of Labor Statistics and Employment

and Training Administration).

NONAGRICULTURAL EMPLOYMENT

Total nonagricultural employment as measured by the payroll survey fell

by 101,000 in December.

[GRAPHICS OMITTED]

[Thousands of wage and salary workers; (1) monthly data seasonally

adjusted]

Goods-producing industries

Total

nonagri- Manufacturing

Period cultural Con-

employ- Total (2) struc-

ment tion Total

1993 110,713 23,352 4,668 18,075

1994 114,163 23,908 4,986 18,321

1995 117,191 24,265 5,160 18,524

1996 119,608 24,493 5,418 18,495

1997 122,690 24,962 5,691 18,675

1998 125,865 25,414 6,020 18,805

1999 128,916 25,507 6,415 18,552

2000 131,720 25,669 6,653 18,473

2001 131,922 24,944 6,685 17,695

2002 (p) 130,793 23,836 6,555 16,725

2001: Dec 130,890 24,261 6,634 17,062

2002: Jan 130,871 24,130 6,615 16,947

Feb 130,706 24,041 6,597 16,880

Mar 130,701 23,975 6,593 16,822

Apr 130,680 23,905 6,541 16,800

May 130,702 23,870 6,541 16,771

June 130,736 23,861 6,549 16,757

July 130,790 23,812 6,519 16,742

Aug 130,913 23,801 6,556 16,690

Sept 130,829 23,748 6,556 16,640

Oct (r) 130,898 23,688 6,544 16,592

Nov (r) 130,810 23,625 6,540 16,535

Dec (p) 130,709 23,566 6,543 16,470

Goods-producing Service-producing

industries industries

Manufacturing Trans-

Period porta-

Non- Total tion and

Durable durable public

goods goods utilities

1993 10,221 7,854 87,361 5,811

1994 10,448 7,873 90,256 5,984

1995 10,683 7,841 92,925 6,132

1996 10,789 7,706 95,115 6,253

1997 11,010 7,665 97,727 6,408

1998 11,205 7,600 100,451 6,611

1999 11,111 7,441 103,409 6,834

2000 11,141 7,332 106,051 7,031

2001 10,636 7,059 106,978 7,065

2002 (p) 9,907 6,818 106,957 6,773

2001: Dec 10,166 6,896 106,629 6,856

2002: Jan 10,070 6,877 106,741 6,850

Feb 10,023 6,857 106,665 6,837

Mar 9,976 6,846 106,726 6,814

Apr 9,976 6,824 106,775 6,799

May 9,963 6,808 106,832 6,793

June 9,944 6,813 106,875 6,790

July 9,922 6,820 106,978 6,780

Aug 9,889 6,801 107,112 6,765

Sept 9,832 6,808 107,081 6,725

Oct (r) 9,800 6,792 107,210 6,727

Nov (r) 9,756 6,779 107,185 6,718

Dec (p) 9,710 6,760 107,143 6,691

Service-producing industries

Finance,

Period Whole- insur-

sale Retail ance, Services

trade trade and real

estate

1993 5,981 19,773 6,757 30,197

1994 6,162 20,507 6,896 31,579

1995 6,378 21,187 6,806 33,117

1996 6,482 21,597 6,911 34,454

1997 6,648 21,966 7,109 36,040

1998 6,800 22,295 7,389 37,533

1999 6,911 22,848 7,555 39,055

2000 6,947 23,337 7,578 40,457

2001 6,776 23,522 7,712 40,970

2002 (p) 6,671 23,306 7,761 41,184

2001: Dec 6,702 23,318 7,748 40,883

2002: Jan 6,702 23,396 7,748 40,908

Feb 6,689 23,331 7,745 40,901

Mar 6,681 23,332 7,740 40,963

Apr 6,678 23,345 7,743 41,025

May 6,681 23,327 7,732 41,093

June 6,681 23,308 7,733 41,152

July 6,679 23,339 7,737 41,215

Aug 6,671 23,295 7,745 41,347

Sept 6,663 23,291 7,773 41,336

Oct (r) 6,657 23,289 7,803 41,385

Nov (r) 6,643 23,249 7,810 41,400

Dec (p) 6,637 23,145 7,818 41,473

Service-producing

industries

Period Government

Total Federal

1993 18,841 2,915

1994 19,128 2,870

1995 19,305 2,822

1996 19,419 2,757

1997 19,557 2,699

1998 19,823 2,686

1999 20,206 2,669

2000 20,702 2,777

2001 20,933 2,616

2002 (p) 21,262 2,619

2001: Dec 21,122 2,615

2002: Jan 21,137 2,609

Feb 21,162 2,608

Mar 21,196 2,611

Apr 21,185 2,610

May 21,206 2,600

June 21,211 2,601

July 21,228 2,607

Aug 21,289 2,611

Sept 21,293 2,621

Oct (r) 21,349 2,649

Nov (r) 21,365 2,658

Dec (p) 21,379 2,659

(1) Includes all full- and part-time wage and salary workers in

nonagricultural establishments who received pay for any part of the pay

period which includes the 12th of the month. Excludes proprietors,

self-employed persons, domestic servants, and personnel of the Armed

Forces. Total in this table not comparable with estimates of

nonagricultural employment of the civilian labor force, shown on p. 11,

which include proprietors, self-employed persons, and domestic

servants; which count persons as employed when they are not at work

because of industrial disputes, bad weather, etc., even if they are not

paid for the time off; and which are based on a sample of the

working-age population, whereas the estimates in this table are based

on reports from employing establishments. In the series shown here,

persons who work at more than one job are counted each time they appear

on a payroll, in contrast to the series shown on p. 11, where persons

are counted only once–as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor

force.

(2) Includes mining, not shown separately.

Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Statistics.

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS, HOURLY EARNINGS, AND WEEKLY EARNINGS

PRIVATE NONAGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIES

[For production or nonsupervisory workers; monthly data seasonally

adjusted]

Average weekly hours

Total Manufacturing

private

Period nonagri- Total Overtime

cultural (1)

1993 34.5 41.4 4.1

1994 34.7 42.0 4.7

1995 34.5 41.6 4.4

1996 34.4 41.6 4.5

1997 34.6 42.0 4.8

1998 34.6 41.7 4.6

1999 34.5 41.7 4.6

2000 34.5 41.6 4.6

2001 34.2 40.7 3.9

2002 (p) 34.1 40.9 4.1

2001: Dec 34.1 40.6 3.8

2002: Jan 34.1 40.6 3.9

Feb 34.2 40.7 3.9

Mar 34.2 41.0 4.1

Apr 34.2 40.9 4.2

May 34.2 40.9 4.2

June 34.3 41.1 4.3

July 34.0 40.7 4.0

Aug 34.1 40.9 4.2

Sept 34.3 40.8 4.1

Oct (r) 34.2 40.7 4.1

Nov (r) 34.2 40.6 4.0

Dec (p) 34.1 40.9 4.2

Average gross hourly earnings

Total private

nonagricultural (1)

Period

Current 1982 Manufac-

dollars dollars (2) turing

1993 $10.83 $7.39 $11.74

1994 11.12 7.40 12.07

1995 11.43 7.39 12.37

1996 11.82 7.43 12.77

1997 12.28 7.55 13.17

1998 12.78 7.75 13.49

1999 13.24 7.86 13.90

2000 13.76 7.89 14.37

2001 14.31 7.99 14.83

2002 (p) 14.77 8.14 15.30

2001: Dec 14.55 8.14 15.08

2002: Jan 14.58 8.14 15.13

Feb 14.61 8.13 15.17

Mar 14.64 8.12 15.19

Apr 14.66 8.09 15.19

May 14.69 8.11 15.27

June 14.74 8.13 15.31

July 14.76 8.13 15.28

Aug 14.83 8.14 15.34

Sept 14.85 8.14 15.35

Oct (r) 14.90 8.15 15.44

Nov (r) 14.93 8.15 15.44

Dec (p) 14.98 8.18 15.49

Average gross weekly earnings

Total private Current

nonagricultural (1) dollars

Period

Current 1982 Manufac-

dollars dollars (2) turing

1993 $373.64 $254.87 $486.04

1994 385.86 256.73 506.94

1995 394.34 255.07 514.59

1996 406.61 255.73 531.23

1997 424.89 261.31 553.14

1998 442.19 268.32 562.53

1999 456.78 271.25 579.63

2000 474.72 272.36 597.79

2001 489.40 273.26 603.58

2002 (p) 503.66 277.50 625.77

2001: Dec 496.16 277.49 612.25

2002: Jan 497.18 277.44 614.28

Feb 499.66 278.21 617.42

Mar 500.69 277.85 622.79

Apr 501.37 276.69 621.27

May 502.40 277.42 624.54

June 505.58 278.86 629.24

July 501.84 276.34 621.90

Aug 505.70 277.70 627.41

Sept 507.87 278.28 626.28

Oct (r) 509.58 278.61 628.41

Nov (r) 510.61 278.87 626.86

Dec (p) 510.82 278.83 633.54

Average gross weekly earnings

Percent change from

a year earlier, total

private non-

Current dollars agricultural

Period

Construc- Retail Current 1982

tion trade dollars dollars

1993 $553.63 $209.95 2.8 -0.0

1994 573.00 216.46 3.3 .7

1995 587.00 221.47 2.2 -.6

1996 603.33 230.11 3.1 .3

1997 625.56 240.74 4.5 2.2

1998 646.13 253.46 4.1 2.7

1999 672.13 263.61 3.3 1.1

2000 702.68 273.39 3.9 .4

2001 720.76 282.35 3.1 .3

2002 (p) 732.16 291.16 2.9 1.6

2001: Dec 727.26 285.82 3.5 2.3

2002: Jan 736.68 286.11 3.2 2.1

Feb 735.99 287.68 3.5 2.7

Mar 732.73 289.55 3.3 2.1

Apr 734.37 289.13 3.2 1.9

May 726.40 290.71 3.2 2.4

June 733.59 292.75 3.4 2.7

July 720.83 289.44 2.4 1.1

Aug 729.54 291.60 3.2 1.6

Sept 736.42 292.90 3.2 1.9

Oct (r) 729.60 294.49 3.6 1.7

Nov (r) 726.18 295.80 3.2 1.1

Dec (p) 735.74 297.26 3.0 .5

(1) Also includes other private industry groups shown on p. 14.

(2) Current dollar earnings divided by the consumer price index for

urban wage earners and clerical workers (CPI-W) (on a 1982=100 base).

Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

EMPLOYMENT COST INDEX–PRIVATE INDUSTRY

Index (June 1989 = 100)

Total

Period compensa- Wages and Benefits (1)

tion salaries

Not seasonally adjusted

1993: Dec 119.8 116.4 128.3

1994: Dec 123.5 119.7 133.0

1995: Dec 126.7 123.1 135.9

1996: Dec 130.6 127.3 138.6

1997: Dec 135.1 132.3 141.8

1998: Dec 139.8 137.4 145.2

1999: Dec 144.6 142.2 150.2

2000: Dec 150.9 147.7 158.6

2001: Dec 157.2 153.3 166.7

2002: Dec 162.3 157.5 174.6

Seasonally adjusted

1999: Mar 140.2 138.1 145.2

June 141.8 139.7 146.7

Sept 143.1 140.9 148.2

Dec 144.6 142.3 150.2

2000: Mar 146.6 143.9 153.1

June 148.3 145.4 155.1

Sept 149.8 146.7 157.0

Dec 151.1 147.9 158.8

2001: Mar 152.8 149.4 160.8

June 154.3 150.9 162.5

Sept 155.7 152.0 164.7

Dec 157.3 153.4 166.8

2002: Mar 158.7 154.8 168.6

June 160.4 156.3 170.9

Sept 161.4 156.9 172.6

Dec 162.5 157.6 174.7

Percent change from

3 months earlier

Period

Total

compensa- Wages and Benefits (1)

tion salaries

Not seasonally adjusted

1993: Dec

1994: Dec

1995: Dec

1996: Dec

1997: Dec

1998: Dec

1999: Dec

2000: Dec

2001: Dec

Seasonally adjusted

1999: Mar 0.3 0.4 0.0

June 1.1 1.2 1.0

Sept .9 .9 1.0

Dec 1.0 1.0 1.3

2000: Mar 1.4 1.1 1.9

June 1.2 1.0 1.3

Sept 1.0 .9 1.2

Dec .9 .8 1.1

2001: Mar 1.1 1.0 1.3

June 1.0 1.0 1.1

Sept .9 .7 1.4

Dec 1.0 .9 1.3

2002: Mar .9 .9 1.1

June 1.1 1.0 1.4

Sept .6 .4 1.0

Dec .7 .4 1.2

Percent change from

12 months earlier

Period

Total

compensa- Wages and Benefits (1)

tion salaries

Not seasonally adjusted

1993: Dec 3.6 3.1 5.0

1994: Dec 3.1 2.8 3.7

1995: Dec 2.6 2.8 2.2

1996: Dec 3.1 3.4 2.0

1997: Dec 3.4 3.9 2.3

1998: Dec 3.5 3.9 2.4

1999: Dec 3.4 3.5 3.4

2000: Dec 4.4 3.9 5.6

2001: Dec 4.2 3.8 5.1

2001: Dec 3.2 2.7 4.7

Not seasonally adjusted

1999: Mar 3.0 3.3 2.2

June 3.3 3.6 2.5

Sept 3.1 3.2 2.8

Dec 3.4 3.5 3.4

2000: Mar 4.6 4.2 5.5

June 4.6 4.1 5.7

Sept 4.6 4.1 6.0

Dec 4.4 3.9 5.6

2001: Mar 4.2 3.8 5.0

June 4.0 3.8 4.8

Sept 4.0 3.6 4.9

Dec 4.2 3.8 5.1

2002: Mar 3.9 3.5 4.8

June 4.0 3.6 5.1

Sept 3.7 3.2 4.8

Dec 3.2 2.7 4.7

(1) Employer costs for employee benefits.

NOTE.–The employment cost index is a measure of the change in the

cost of labor, free from the influence of employment shifts among

occupations and industries.

Data exclude farm and household workers.

Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

PRODUCTIVITY AND RELATED DATA, BUSINESS SECTOR

Output per hour of

all persons Output (1)

Period

Business Nonfarm Business Nonfarm

sector business sector business

sector sector

Indexes, 1992 = 100; quarterly data seasonally

adjusted

1992 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

1993 100.5 100.5 103.1 103.3

1994 101.9 101.8 108.1 108.2

1995 102.6 102.8 111.5 111.8

1996 105.4 105.4 116.4 116.7

1997 107.8 107.5 122.5 122.7

1998 110.6 110.3 128.5 128.8

1999 113.5 112.9 134.5 134.8

2000 116.9 116.2 140.0 140.2

2001 118.2 117.5 139.8 140.1

1999: I 112.7 112.1 132.4 132.7

II 112.5 111.9 133.0 133.3

III 113.6 112.9 134.9 135.3

IV 115.2 114.7 137.7 138.0

2000: I 115.3 114.7 138.4 138.7

II 117.2 116.4 140.3 140.5

III 117.3 116.6 140.4 140.6

IV 117.9 117.1 140.7 141.0

2001: I 117.5 116.7 140.4 140.7

II 117.4 116.6 139.4 139.7

III 117.9 117.2 139.1 139.4

IV 120.1 119.3 140.3 140.4

2002: I 122.5 121.8 142.3 142.5

II 123.1 122.3 142.5 142.9

III * 124.7 123.8 144.3 144.7

Hours of all Compensation per

persons (2) hour (3)

Period

Business Nonfarm Business Nonfarm

sector business sector business

sector sector

Indexes, 1992 = 100; quarterly data seasonnaly

adjusted

1992 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

1993 102.6 102.9 102.5 102.2

1994 106.2 106.2 104.5 104.3

1995 108.7 108.8 106.7 106.6

1996 110.4 110.7 110.1 109.8

1997 113.6 114.1 113.5 113.1

1998 116.2 116.8 119.7 119.1

1999 118.5 119.4 125.2 124.3

2000 119.7 120.6 133.8 133.0

2001 118.2 119.2 137.7 136.6

1999: I 117.4 118.4 124.1 123.2

II 118.2 119.1 124.3 123.4

III 118.8 119.8 125.4 124.5

IV 119.5 120.4 127.0 126.3

2000: I 120.1 120.9 131.4 130.8

II 119.7 120.7 132.4 131.5

III 119.7 120.6 135.0 134.3

IV 119.4 120.4 136.3 135.3

2001: I 119.5 120.6 137.3 136.3

II 118.7 119.8 137.5 136.3

III 117.9 118.9 137.8 136.7

IV 116.8 117.7 138.3 137.2

2002: I 116.1 117.0 139.3 138.2

II 115.8 116.8 140.8 139.5

III * 115.7 116.8 142.6 141.2

Real compensation Unit labor

per hour (4) costs

Period

Business Nonfarm Business Nonfarm

sector business sector business

sector sector

Indexes, 1992 = 100; quarterly data seasonnaly

adjusted

1992 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

1993 100.0 99.7 101.9 101.7

1994 99.9 99.7 102.6 102.5

1995 99.6 99.4 104.1 103.7

1996 100.1 99.8 104.5 104.2

1997 101.0 100.6 105.3 105.2

1998 105.0 104.5 108.2 108.0

1999 107.6 106.8 110.3 110.1

2000 111.2 110.6 114.4 114.4

2001 111.4 110.5 116.5 116.3

1999: I 107.7 106.9 110.2 109.0

II 107.1 106.3 110.5 110.3

III 107.3 106.6 110.4 110.3

IV 107.8 107.2 110.2 110.1

2000: I 110.5 110.0 114.0 114.0

II 110.5 109.8 113.0 113.0

III 111.7 111.1 115.1 115.2

IV 111.9 111.2 115.6 115.6

2001: I 111.8 110.9 116.9 116.8

II 111.0 110.1 117.1 116.9

III 111.1 110.2 116.8 116.6

IV 111.6 110.7 115.1 115.0

2002: I 112.0 111.1 113.7 113.4

II 112.2 111.2 114.4 114.0

III * 113.2 112.0 114.3 114.0

Implicit price Output per hour of

deflator (5) all persons

Period

Business Nonfarm Business Nonfarm

sector business sector business

sector sector

Indexes, 1992 = 100; Percent change;

quarterly data quarterly data at

seasonnaly adjusted seasonally adjusted

annual rates

1992 100.0 100.0 3.9 3.7

1993 102.2 102.2 .5 .5

1994 104.0 104.1 1.3 1.3

1995 106.0 106.1 .7 .9

1996 107.7 107.6 2.8 2.5

1997 109.7 109.8 2.3 2.0

1998 110.6 110.8 2.6 2.6

1999 111.6 112.1 2.6 2.4

2000 113.5 114.1 3.0 2.9

2001 115.8 116.3 1.1 1.1

1998: I 5.1 4.9

II .1 .6

III 2.3 1.9

IV 4.4 4.3

1999: I 111.2 111.5 3.1 2.4

II 111.5 111.9 -.6 -.8

III 111.8 112.3 3.8 3.7

IV 112.1 112.6 5.8 6.3

2000: I 112.8 113.4 .3 .2

II 113.4 113.9 6.7 6.0

III 113.7 114.3 .4 .6

IV 114.3 114.8 2.1 1.7

2001: I 115.2 115.7 -1.5 -1.5

II 115.8 116.3 -.2 -.1

III 116.4 116.8 1.8 2.1

IV 115.9 116.5 7.6 7.3

2002: I 116.0 116.4 8.3 8.6

II 116.2 116.8 1.8 1.7

III * 116.3 116.9 5.4 5.1

Hours of all

Output (1) persons (2)

Period

Business Nonfarm Business Nonfarm

sector business sector business

sector sector

Percent change; quarterly data at seasonally

adjusted annual rates

1992 3.7 3.5 -0.2 -0.2

1993 3.1 3.3 2.6 2.9

1994 4.9 4.7 3.5 3.3

1995 3.1 3.4 2.4 2.4

1996 4.4 4.3 1.6 1.7

1997 5.2 5.1 2.9 3.1

1998 4.9 5.0 2.2 2.4

1999 4.7 4.6 2.0 2.2

2000 4.1 4.0 1.0 1.0

2001 -.2 -.1 -1.3 -1.2

1998: I 7.5 7.8 2.2 2.8

II 1.9 2.1 1.9 1.4

III 4.4 4.3 2.0 2.4

IV 8.2 8.3 3.7 3.8

1999: I 3.4 3.3 .2 .9

II 2.1 1.9 2.7 2.6

III 5.9 6.0 2.0 2.2

IV 8.4 8.3 2.4 1.9

2000: I 2.2 1.9 1.9 1.7

II 5.4 5.4 -1.2 -.6

III .4 .2 .0 -.4

IV .9 1.1 -1.2 -.6

2001: I -1.0 -.9 .4 .5

II -2.8 -2.7 -2.6 -2.6

III -.9 -.8 -2.6 -2.9

IV 3.5 2.9 -3.9 -4.1

2002: I 5.9 6.2 -2.2 -2.2

II .6 .9 -1.2 -.7

III * 5.2 5.1 -.2 .0

Compensation per Real compensation

hour (3) per hour (4)

Period

Business Nonfarm Business Nonfarm

sector business sector business

sector sector

Percent change; quarterly data at seasonally

adjusted annual rates

1992 5.3 5.3 2.7 2.7

1993 2.5 2.2 .0 -.3

1994 2.0 2.1 -.1 .0

1995 2.1 2.1 -.3 -.3

1996 3.2 3.1 .5 .4

1997 3.1 3.0 .9 .8

1998 5.5 5.4 4.0 3.9

1999 4.6 4.4 2.4 2.2

2000 6.8 7.0 3.4 3.5

2001 2.9 2.7 .2 -.1

1998: I 7.3 7.0 6.5 6.2

II 5.4 5.8 4.2 4.6

III 4.7 4.6 3.1 3.0

IV 4.0 3.8 2.2 2.0

1999: I 8.2 7.3 6.5 5.5

II .5 .6 -2.3 -2.2

III 3.7 3.7 .8 .8

IV 5.1 5.8 1.7 2.5

2000: I 14.7 15.2 10.3 10.7

II 3.0 2.2 .0 -.7

III 8.3 8.7 4.6 4.9

IV 3.7 3.1 .7 .2

2001: I 3.1 2.8 -.6 -.9

II .5 .1 -2.6 -2.9

III .9 1.0 .2 .3

IV 1.4 1.5 1.7 1.8

2002: I 3.0 2.9 1.6 1.4

II 4.2 3.9 .8 .5

III * 5.3 4.9 3.4 3.0

Unit labor Implicit price

costs deflator (5)

Period

Business Nonfarm Business Nonfarm

sector business sector business

sector sector

Percent change; quarterly data at seasonally

adjusted annual rates

1992 1.4 1.6 2.0 2.1

1993 1.9 1.7 2.2 2.2

1994 .7 .8 1.8 1.9

1995 1.4 1.2 2.0 2.0

1996 .4 .5 1.6 1.4

1997 .8 .9 1.8 2.1

1998 2.8 2.7 .8 .9

1999 1.9 2.0 1.0 1.2

2000 3.7 3.9 1.7 1.8

2001 1.8 1.6 2.0 1.9

1998: I 2.1 2.0 .5 .6

II 5.3 5.1 .5 .4

III 2.3 2.7 .9 1.2

IV -.4 -.4 .5 .5

1999: I 5.0 4.8 1.3 1.4

II 1.1 1.3 1.0 1.5

III -.1 .0 1.2 1.4

IV -.7 -.5 1.1 1.3

2000: I 14.4 14.9 2.4 2.7

II -3.5 -3.6 2.2 1.9

III 7.8 8.0 1.1 1.4

IV 1.6 1.4 1.9 1.6

2001: I 4.7 4.3 3.4 3.3

II .7 .3 2.2 2.0

III -.9 -1.1 1.8 1.7

IV -5.8 -5.4 -1.6 -1.0

2002: I -4.9 -5.3 .3 -.2

II 2.4 2.2 .7 1.4

III * -.1 -.2 .4 .1

(1) Output refers to real gross domestic product originating in the

sector.

(2) Hours of all persons engaged in the sector, including hours of

proprietors and unpaid family workers. Estimates based primarily on

establishment data.

(3) Wages and salaries of employees plus employers’ contributions for

social insurance and private benefit plans. Also includes an estimate

of wages, salaries, and supplemental payments for the self-employed.

(4) Hourly compensation divided by the consumer price index for all

urban consumers (CPI-U) for recent quarters. The trend from 1978-2001

is based on the consumer price index research series (CPI-U-RS).

(5) Current dollar gross domestic output divided by the output index.

NOTE.–Data relate to all persons engaged in the sector.

Percent changes are from preceeding period and are based on original

data; they therefore may differ slightly from percent changes based on

indexes shown here.

* Data based on GDP data released November 26, 2002.

Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

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