Intertextualites: La Bible en echos

Intertextualites: La Bible en echos

Evans, Craig A

DANIEL MARGUERAT and ADRIAN CURTIS (eds.), Intertextualites: La Bible en ethos (MDB 40; Geneva: Labor et Fides, 2000). Pp. 322. Paper 180 FF. As the title of the book implies, the editors have assembled a collection of stimulating studies that investigate biblical intertextuality. These studies were first presented at an international colloquium, “Intertextualite dans les r6cits bibliques,” which was hosted by the University of Lausanne and convened April 30 to May 2, 1998. Scholars from the Universities of Lausanne, Manchester, NeuchAtel, and Sheffield participated. The colloquium explored intertextuality in the OT and in intertestamental literature, the Gospels, the Acts of the Apostles, Paul’s letters, and Christian apocrypha.

Following a preface by the editors that functions more as an introduction (and a very helpful one) to the general topic of the book, we are treated to the following papers: A. H. W. Curtis, “La mosaique de l’histoire d’Israel: Quelques considerations sur les allusions ‘historiques’ dans les psaumes” (pp. 13-29); T. Romer, “La fille de Jephte entre Jerusalem et AthBnes: Reflexions A partir d’une triple intertextualitE en Juges 11” (pp. 30-42); C. Nihan, “De la loi comme prd-texte: Tours et detours d’une allusion dans le debat exilique sur la royaute en I Samuel 8-12” (pp. 43-72); P Piovanelli, “Le sommeil seculaire d’Abimelech dans l’Histoire de la captivite babylonienne et les Paralipomenes de J6r6mie: Texte – intertextes – contextes” (pp. 73-96); G. J. Brooke, “InterprEtations intertextuelles communes dans les manuscrits de la Mer Morte et le Nouveau Testament” (pp. 97-120); P. Keith, “A propos de Matthieu 22,34: L’histoire i l’ombre du texte. Negligence, fiction ou intertextualite? De quelle histoire et de quel texte parle-t-il?” (pp. 121-60); A. Steiner, “Le lien entre le prologue et le corps de 1’6vangile de Marc” (pp. 161-84); A. Dettwiler, “Le ph6nom8ne de la relecture dans la tradition johannique: Une proposition de typologie” (pp. 185-200); L. C. Alexander, “L’intertextualite et la question des lecteurs: Reflexions sur l’usage de la Bible dans les Actes des apotres” (pp. 201-14): D. Marguerat, “L’evasion de Pierre et la mort du tyran (Actes 12): Un jeu d’6chos intertextuels” (pp. 215-36); F. G. Downing, “Le probleme du choix de l’intertext: Paul s’oppose-t-il radicalement ou superficiellement A la culture de son temps?” (pp. 237-50); P. Oakes, “Quelle devrait etre l’influence des echos intertextuels sur la traduction? Le cas de l’epitre aux Philippiens (2,15-16)” (pp. 251-87); J.-D. Kaestli, “La litterature apocryphe peut-elle etre comprise comme `litterature au second degre’?” (pp. 288-304); and C. Furrer, “Du recit au drame: Passion evangelique et Actes de Pilate” (pp. 305-18).

Space permits only a few brief comments on a selection of the studies. Of great interest is G. J. Brooke’s study, in which he identifies several instances where Qumran’s understanding of OT passages sheds light on the way the NT understands the same passages. Some of these examples include 2 Samuel 7 and Psalm 2 in 4Q174 and Hebrews 1; Isaiah 5 in 4Q500 and Mark 12; Isaiah 35 and 61 in 4Q521 and Luke 7; Isaiah 61 and Leviticus 25 in 11Q13 and Luke 4; Ezekiel I and 10 in 4Q385 and Revelation 4; Ezekiel 37 and Leviticus 26 in 4QI 19, 11 Q19, and 2 Corinthians 6; and Psalm 82 in 11Q13 and John 10. Brooke finds important points of coherence between Qumran and the NT in text and hermeneutics. These parallels do not prove an Essene origin of Christianity; they do, however, document in important ways how early Christianity is rooted in Palestinian Judaism.

Three other studies may be mentioned. The study by A. H. W. Curtis on intertextuality in the Psalms offers numerous helpful examples and demonstrates the extent and antiquity of allusive, interpretive use of sacred tradition in the writings of the OT, especially in the Psalms, which were recited liturgically and corporately. L. C. Alexander compares the Lucan style of alluding to the LXX and weaving words and phrases into the narrative fabric to the styles of older and contemporary Greco-Roman historians. D. Marguerat proposes some interesting parallels between Peter’s nocturnal escape from the tyrant Herod and Israel’s nocturnal preparations for departure from the tyrant Pharaoh (cf. esp. Exod 12:11 and Acts 12:7-8). He also explores thematic and typological parallels between the various actions of Herod Agrippa in Acts 12 and the fate of Jesus in Luke 23-24. This latter point is less persuasive, however. The parallels, both verbal and thematic, are too general and scattered to permit any firm conclusions. There may very well be an “exodus of Jesus” theme in Luke (p. 235; cf. Luke 9:31), but it is doubtful that it relates to Acts 12 and bears the weight of interpretation that Marguerat places on it.

On the whole, the essays in this volume constitute a useful sampling of research in biblical intertextuality. A brief thematic index is supplied, but there is no index of either authors or of primary literature.

Craig A. Evans, Trinity Western University, Langley, BC, V2Y 1Y1 Canada

Copyright Catholic Biblical Association of America Apr 2001

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