Plantar fascia stretching program for chronic heel pain – Tips from Other Journals
Proximal plantar fasciitis, a common cause of heel pain, theoretically may be caused by partial tearing of the plantar fascia and inflammation at its insertion on the medial tubercle of the calcaneus. Nonsurgical treatments include shoe modifications, shoe inserts, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), cortisone injections, stretching exercises, physical therapy, night splints, casting, or any combination of these treatments. Symptoms generally resolve within 10 months, although some patients continue to have severe and disabling pain. DiGiovanni and associates compared a tissue-specific plantar fascia stretching protocol with a standard Achilles tendon stretching program.
Patients with plantar fasciitis (confirmed by maximal pain on palpation of the medial calcaneal tubercle) who did not respond to nonsurgical treatments were included in the study. The patients were randomized to receive instructions on a plantar fascia stretching program or an Achilles tendon stretching program (see accompanying table). Patients in both groups were told to hold the stretch for a count of 10 and to repeat the stretch 10 times, three times daily. In the plantar fascia stretching group, the first stretching set was to be done before the participants took their first steps of the day; in the Achilles tendon stretching group, the first set was to be done before the participants got out of bed each morning. All patients received prefabricated soft insoles and a three-week course of therapy with an NSAID (celecoxib), and all watched an educational video about plantar fasciitis.
The patients were followed for eight weeks. Of the 82 patients who completed the study, all reported overall pain reduction. However, the plantar fascia stretching group reported greater improvement of pain and function, as well as greater patient satisfaction.
The authors conclude that the plantar fascia stretching program is superior to the Achilles tendon stretching program for resolving symptoms of chronic plantar fasciitis, and that the stretching is most effective when it is performed before the first steps in the morning or after prolonged sitting or inactivity.
DiGiovanni BF, et al. Tissue-specific plantar fascia-stretching exercise enhances outcomes in patients with chronic heel pain. J Bone Joint Surg July 2003;85-A:1270-7.
Plantar Fascia Stretching
and Achilles Tendon Stretching
Plantar fascia stretch
Sit with the affected leg crossed over the
Using the hand on the affected side, place the
fingers across the base of the toes on the bottom
of the foot and pull the toes back toward t
he shin until a stretch is felt.
Confirm tension in the plantar fascia by palpation
using the contralateral hand.
Achilles tendon stretch
Stand facing a wall and place the affected leg
behind the contralateral leg.
Point the toes of the affected foot toward the heel
of the front foot and lean toward the wall.
Bend the front knee while keeping the back knee
straight and the heel firmly on the ground.
COPYRIGHT 2004 American Academy of Family Physicians
COPYRIGHT 2004 Gale Group