Use with NATIONAL, pages 8-12
FILL IN THE BLANK: Write in the words that best complete each statement.
1. The school-prayer debate revolves around differing interpretations of the — Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
2. A major component of the constitutional amendment referred to in question one, above, is the “doctrine of the separation of church and –.”
3. Opposition to a Supreme Court ruling banning school-sponsored pre-game prayer is most vocal in the — and — regions of the U.S.
4. Texas school officials argued that pre-game prayer is an example of free –, protected by the Constitution.
5. An organization called the — often sues school districts on behalf of students and parents who object to organized school prayers.
SHORT ANSWER: Write the correct answers on the lines provided.
6. In ruling against pre-game prayer, the Supreme Court commented on the technology used to deliver the prayer. What was that technology, and why did it disturb the Court? —
7. To what religious groups did the parents who filed suit in the case of Santa Fe School District v. Doe belong? –.
8. In 1985, the Court said Alabama was trying to sneak religion in through the back door. To what practice did the Court object? —
9. In which 1962 case did the Supreme Court ban state-sponsored prayer in public schools? —
10. Each year, an estimated 3 million students meet at school flagpoles to participate in voluntary prayer. Name the group that endorses this voluntary prayer. —
CRITICAL THINKING: Write your answers on a separate sheet of paper.
11. Suppose no one in a community objects to the practice of conducting prayer services before school games. Should the Supreme Court respect local tradition and allow such a community to decide a prayer policy for itself?
12. In some democratic countries in Europe, the government helps fund organized religion. Would this be a good idea in the U.S., if all religions were funded equally?
13. In a poll conducted earlier this year by Vanderbilt University’s First Amendment Center, 53 percent of adults favored banning speech that was critical of religion. Explain why you agree or disagree with this view.
14. The Texas families who sued over school prayer remained anonymous. Should they have been named?
15. Write a pre-game public announcement that extols school and community spirit, asks all present to respect good sportsmanship, and expresses the hope that all attending the game will be safe–without using religious language.
Upfront Quiz 1, TE 6
1. First; 2. state; 3. Southern and Midwestern; 4. speech; 5. American Civil Liberties Union; 6. Use of the school PA system suggested school sponsorship; 7. Mormon and Roman Catholic; 8. a moment of silence before classes; 9. Engel v. Vitale; 10. “See You at the Pole”; 11. Yes: Respect for differences should include government respect for differences between communities; No: People cannot ignore the First Amendment any more than they can ignore other Amendments. Rights such as freedom from imposed religion exist whether anyone claims them or not. 12. Yes: It would invigorate social and ethical values. No: It would discriminate against nonbelievers. 13. Agree: Free speech does not include the freedom to libel. Disagree: The First Amendment is designed to protect unpopular speech. 14. Yes: A principle in law is that the accused have the right to face their accusers. No: The issue is whether the Constitution was violated. The Court must rule on what happened, not who said it happened. 15. Answers will vary.
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