Evaluation of Interventions Proposed for Altered Tissue Perfusion: Cardiopulmonary in Patients Hospitalized With Acute Myocardial Infarction
Gomes, Ivanise Maria
PURPOSE. To evaluate the effectiveness and efficacy of the interventions proposed for patients with altered tissue perfusion: cardiopulmonary, according to NIC and NOC taxonomies.
METHODS. Prospective and descriptive study carried out in the cardiology unit of a school hospital with patients under clinical treatment followed from admission until discharge. Patient data were collected using the unit’s assessment tool and nursing diagnoses were established. Daily activities were proposed for these patients based on NIC interventions “cardiac care: acute,” “cardiac care,” and “cardiac care: rehabilitative.” Results were evaluated according to indicators selected from NOC’s Tissue Perfusion: Cardiac.
FINDINGS. The sample comprised 25 patients (12 males, 13 females), age range 39 to 83 years. Days hospitalized averaged 3.5 in the coronary unit and 3.5 in the cardiology infirmary, for a total of 7 hospital days. The nursing diagnosis was made based on defining characteristics: enzymatic and ECG changes were found in 100% of the patients, chest pain (96%), diaphoresis (80%), and nausea (72%). The related factor in evidence for 100% of the sample was coronary arterial flow interruption. Patients were evaluated according to NOC outcomes both before starting activities and daily, with the following results: chest pain- 64% of patients initially presented pain with score 1, most (72%) presented scores 4 and 5 on day 2; on days 3, 5, 6, and 7 of hospitalization, all patients reported absence of pain (score 5). On day 4 only, 4% of patients reported pain with intensity 7 (score 2). Profuse diaphoresis was found in 80% of the sample on day 1 of hospitalization, and that disappeared in the course of the remaining days. Nausea was found in 44% of the population with score 1 on day 1 of hospitalization, and disappeared subsequently. Most the patients (84%) did not present with vomiting. Also, no evidence was found of vital sign changes in most of the sample. ECG presented score 1 in 72% of the sample on day 1, greatly decreasing from day 2. Cardiac enzymes appeared in 100% of the sample, decreasing in subsequent days. Heart ejection fraction, pulmonary artery pressure, heart rate, and myocardial scanning indicators were not measured.
CONCLUSIONS. Indicators evaluated achieved score 5 (no compromise) on hospital discharge in 100% of patients, which evidences effectiveness of the interventions performed.
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