Resistance and aerobic training benefits type 2 diabetics
A combination of aerobic and resistance training significantly improves glycemic control in people with type 2 diabetes, according to a study reported in the Sept. 18 Annals of Internal Medicine. The randomized controlled trial involved 251 people, ages 39 to 70, with type 2 diabetes. The group of patients who performed combined exercises saw a drop of 0.51 percentage points in baseline hemoglobin A1C levels at six months. A decrease of one percentage point equates to a 15 to 20% decrease in the risk for myocardial infarction or stroke, and about a 25 to 40% decrease in the risk of diabetes-related eye and renal disease. The participants in the combination group did 45 minutes of aerobic training, three days a week, and 45 minutes of resistance training, three days a week. Improvements were also seen in the groups who did resistance training only and aerobic training only, but glycemic control was greatest in the combination exercise group. Keeping your blood glucose levels in a safe and healthy range is a major goal of diabetes management.
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