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Social Research

Islamic Revolution and the Management of the Iranian Economy

Islamic Revolution and the Management of the Iranian Economy Akbar Karbassian Introduction THE Islamic revolution of February 1979 turned the Iranian economy upside down. It took wealth from the private sector and transferred it to the clerically-dominated Islamic state. Nationalization and confiscation of property substantially reduced the private sector, while the public sector became rich […]

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Consistency and Individual Differences in Facial Attractiveness Judgements: An Evolutionary Perspective

Consistency and Individual Differences in Facial Attractiveness Judgements: An Evolutionary Perspective Ian Penton-Voak Introduction DARWINIAN approaches to the study of facial attractiveness are based on the premise that attractive faces are a biological “ornament” that signals valuable information to a potential mate. Evolutionary approaches to interpersonal attraction have grown in numbers over recent years, and […]

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Altered States of consciousness

Altered States of consciousness Susan Greenfield EVERYONE would claim to be an individual; everyone would claim they were different from everyone else. And yet the macabre idea is that if we all took our brains out, they would look pretty much the same. Just looking at the brain is not very helpful. If you were […]

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Democracy in an Age of Cyber-Financial Globalization: Time, Space, and Embeddedness from an Asian Perspective

Democracy in an Age of Cyber-Financial Globalization: Time, Space, and Embeddedness from an Asian Perspective Eiko Ikegami THE Asian financial crisis of 1997-1998 highlighted one salient feature of contemporary global capitalism, which I term “cyber-financial globalization.” Over the past decade, the United States has had a strong ideological commitment, under both Republican and Democratic administrations, […]

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Why don’t we catch liars?

Why don’t we catch liars? – Truth-Telling, Lying and Self-Deception Paul Ekman OUR research (Ekman and O’Sullivan, 1990; Frank and Ekman, forthcoming; Ekman, Frank, and O’Sullivan, forthcoming) suggests that most people cannot tell from demeanor whether someone is lying or telling the truth. Such poor performance is not because lies are told flawlessly. Most liars […]

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Writings, Ruins, and Their Reading: The Dead Sea Discoveries as a Case Study in Theory Formation and Scientific Interpretation

Writings, Ruins, and Their Reading: The Dead Sea Discoveries as a Case Study in Theory Formation and Scientific Interpretation – ) Edna Ullmann-Margalit Foreword SCIENTIFIC research in various disciplines is itself often the object of study by philosophers and others. This essay takes up a case study from the field of research, known as Qumran […]

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The psychology of human deception

The psychology of human deception – Truth-Telling, Lying and Self-Deception Robert W. Mitchell A proposition constructs a world with the help of a logical scaffolding, so that one can actually see from the proposition how everything stands logically if it is true. One can draw inferences from a false proposition Wittgenstein [1921] 1971, p. 41). […]

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The tortured, not the torturers, are ashamed

The tortured, not the torturers, are ashamed David Shapiro The Tortured and the Torturers PRIMO Levi, in The Drowned and the Saved, tells us that survivors of the Nazi camps felt shame about their experience (1989: 73). Levi calls that shame “absurd” and “paradoxical”; he says that “on a rational plane, there should not have […]

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Sibling incest, madness, and the “Jews”

Sibling incest, madness, and the “Jews” Sander L. Gilman How does one organize the categories that we call “deviance”? To examine the nosology of the deviant in modern (post-Enlightenment) culture one is constrained to use categories of analysis that arise in the spheres of law, medicine, and the social sciences. That is, the history of […]

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Is Democracy Delayed Democracy Denied?

Russia’s “Transition”: Is Democracy Delayed Democracy Denied? Steven L. Solnick According to an old Soviet joke popular in the 1980s, central planning represented the longest route from capitalism to capitalism. A more recent variant making the rounds in Moscow after the great financial collapse of 1998 suggested that capitalism may have been the longest route […]