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Social Research

Shame, guilt, and violence

Shame, guilt, and violence James Gilligan DURING the past 35 years I have used prisons and prison mental hospitals as “laboratories” in which to investigate the causes and prevention of the various forms of violence and the relationships between these forms and to what I will call (with a nod to William James) “the varieties […]

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Social Research

Political identities in changing polities

Political identities in changing polities Charles Tilly HENRY VIII was, as we know, a bit of an opportunist. In 1521, at a time when Henry had allied England with the Habsburgs against France and also laid claim to the French crown, he wrote a pamphlet criticizing Martin Luther’s doctrines. For his efforts, the pope dubbed […]

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Social Research

Seen and starting to be heard: women and the Arab media in a decade of change

Seen and starting to be heard: women and the Arab media in a decade of change Naomi Sakr Introduction WOMEN’S unequal access to the media is a universal concern, because negative stereotyping of women and lack of promotion for female editorial staff not only reflect wider disadvantages facing women but also help to sustain and […]

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the experience of choiceless choice

Whistle-blower narratives: the experience of choiceless choice C. Fred Alford ONE MIGHT ARGUE THAT THE VERY CONCEPT OF A CHOICELESS CHOICE disqualifies the action undertaken as ethical. Ethical choices are by their very nature the result of willful choice, even if they are not always the result of rational reflection–as when, for example, someone runs […]

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Intellectual courage

Intellectual courage Alan Ryan THIS IS AN ARTLESS PAPER, WITH MORE AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL CONTENT than is proper. The autobiographical content may be excused by this consideration: teaching political philosophy for 40 years in a great variety of institutions, I have been puzzled and amused by the ways in which different writers and their work have attracted […]

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Civil society, pluralism, and the future of East and Central Europe

Civil society, pluralism, and the future of East and Central Europe Vladimir Tismaneanu CIVIL society is one of the most frequently used concepts in interpretations of the decline in and sudden breakdown of the former Soviet bloc (Di Palma, 1991). Lately, mainstream Western political science discourse has adopted the concept, and it has become synonymous […]

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Courage in dark places: reflections on terrorist psychology

Courage in dark places: reflections on terrorist psychology Andrew Silke The blood-dimmed tide is loosed, and everywhere The ceremony of innocence is drowned; The best lack all convictions, while the worst Are full of passionate intensity. –WILLIAM BUTLER YEATS, “The Second Coming” INTRODUCTION IN THE AFTERMATH OF THE SEPTEMBER 11, 2001, TERRORIST ATTACKS, controversy erupted […]

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are there limits to the U.S. model?

Exporting U.S. concepts of race: are there limits to the U.S. model? Virginia R. Dominguez In the fall of 1993, I found a gem at the Bishop Museum Archives in Honolulu. There, in the middle of the Kalanianole Collection, was a priceless letter to Hawaiian King Kalakaua, dated January 26, 1885, from Dr. E. Arning, […]

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Social Research

Chronology of Events Regarding Women in Iran since the Revolution of 1979

Appendix: Chronology of Events Regarding Women in Iran since the Revolution of 1979 Elham Gheytanchi February Ayatollah Khomeini and his followers take power 11, 1979 after a revolution. February Khomeini announces that the Family Protection 26, 1979 Law (1967) is abrogated.(1) March 3, Khomeini announces that women cannot be judges. 1979 March 6, Khomeini announces […]

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Social Research

“Men” who would be kings: celibacy, emasculation, and the re-production of hijras in contemporary Indian politics

“Men” who would be kings: celibacy, emasculation, and the re-production of hijras in contemporary Indian politics – gender identity, social stigma, and political corruption Gayatri Reddy IT was a hot summer afternoon in the south Indian city of Secunderabad, where I did my fieldwork among hijras, better known as India’s “third sex” (Nanda, 1999) or […]