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Journal of Instructional Psychology

Teaching critical thinking online

Teaching critical thinking online Hermann Astleitner Critical thinking is a higher-order thinking skill which mainly consists of evaluating arguments. It is a purposeful, self-regulatory judgment which results in interpretation, analysis, evaluation, and inference, as well as explanations of the evidential, conceptual, methodological, or contextual considerations upon which the judgment is based. As, for several reasons, […]

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Journal of Instructional Psychology

Faculty Ironies on Grade Inflation

Faculty Ironies on Grade Inflation Stephanie McSpirit This article presents our analysis of faculty open-ended written comments (n=156) on the topic of grade inflation. Our review of faculty comments reveals stark disagreement among the faculty on grade inflation. Further qualitative analyses reveal that faculty repeatedly point to three themes in their statements on grade inflation: […]

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Journal of Instructional Psychology

Beyond Diversity: Dismantling Barriers in Education

Beyond Diversity: Dismantling Barriers in Education Catherine A. Hansman Virtually all educational institutions today can be described as culturally diverse. Although the degree of diversity certainly varies, predictably members from different cultural groups are present in these institutions as students and employees. Goals and mission statements for educational institutions discuss pluralistic notions and hiring practices […]

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Journal of Instructional Psychology

Ontario educational reform: a tragedy of errors

Ontario educational reform: a tragedy of errors Doreen Shantz The article is an opinion piece backed up by relevant research. It examines the recent changes in the Ontario Educational System and critiques the process based on what researchers suggest should happen when sweeping reforms are made. It outlines the major change initiatives that have been […]

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Journal of Instructional Psychology

A Synthesis of Research on the Causes, Effects, and Reduction Strategies of Teacher Stress

A Synthesis of Research on the Causes, Effects, and Reduction Strategies of Teacher Stress Carolyn Wiley Occupational stress has been a topic of significant research for the last two decades, reflecting the detrimental effects of employees. In particular, teacher stress is borne out of the demands on the individual teacher. Strong evidence suggests that many […]

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Journal of Instructional Psychology

Are girls victims of gender bias in our nation’s schools?

Are girls victims of gender bias in our nation’s schools? Sherry Lynn Owens This article examines gender bias in our nation’ s schools. Studies reveal that in the early years of their education, girls are equal to or ahead of their male counterparts on standardized and psychological assessments. However, research has shown that upon graduation […]

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Journal of Instructional Psychology

Relationships between the perceived value of instructional techniques and academic motivation

Relationships between the perceived value of instructional techniques and academic motivation Meera Komarraju Despite a large volume of research examining instructional strategies and student learning, very little research has examined relationships between students’ perceptions of the value of specific instructional techniques and academic motivation. In the current research, college students (172 undergraduates) completed scales assessing […]

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Journal of Instructional Psychology

Examining the effectiveness of innovative instructional methods on reducing statistics anxiety for graduate students in the social sciences

Examining the effectiveness of innovative instructional methods on reducing statistics anxiety for graduate students in the social sciences Wei Pan Statistics anxiety is prevalent among students whose academic background has little statistical training. The development and psychometric properties of statistics anxiety scales and the factors affecting statistics anxiety have been extensively studied for more than […]

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Journal of Instructional Psychology

Cooperative learning on academic achievement in elementary African American males

Cooperative learning on academic achievement in elementary African American males Linda Wilson-Jones The aim of T this study was to investigated how cooperative learning promoted the academic success of elementary African American males in grades 3 through 6 in a rural school in Mississippi This study presents viewpoints based on these students’ perception of what […]

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Journal of Instructional Psychology

Who Should Select Objectives?

Who Should Select Objectives? Marlow Ediger A perennial problem in teaching and learning pertains to who should determine objectives for instruction. Objectives need to be selected carefully so that relevant subject matter and skills are taught and learned. The time that pupils are in school is short. Most pupils attend for eight years of elementary […]