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Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy

Interrater Reliability of Knee Muscle Forces Obtained by Hand-held Dynamometer from Elderly Subjects with Degenerative Back Pain

Interrater Reliability of Knee Muscle Forces Obtained by Hand-held Dynamometer from Elderly Subjects with Degenerative Back Pain Dunn, Jessica C ABSTRACT Background and Purpose: We determined the interrater reliability of measurements of knee extensor and flexor muscle strength obtained with a Nicholas Manual Muscle Tester (NMMT) from older adults with chronic low back pain. Methods: […]

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Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy

Effect of Land and Aquatic Exercise on Balance Scores in Older Adults, The

Effect of Land and Aquatic Exercise on Balance Scores in Older Adults, The Douris, Peter ABSTRACT Background and Purpose: Lower body exercises are an important intervention in retraining balance. The aquatic environment has been identified as an appropriate medium to perform these exercises. The purpose of this research was to determine if aquatic exercise was […]

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Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy

Performance of Balance Impaired Elders on Three Balance Tests under Two Visual Conditions

Performance of Balance Impaired Elders on Three Balance Tests under Two Visual Conditions Huang, Min ABSTRACT Purpose: This study compared differences in balance measures among elderly adults with different degrees of balance impairments under different visual conditions. Methods: This study was conducted on 89 adults (> 60 years) with balance impairments. Subjects were divided into […]

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Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy

Effectiveness of Tai Chi on Improving Balance in Older Adults: An Evidence-based Review, The

Effectiveness of Tai Chi on Improving Balance in Older Adults: An Evidence-based Review, The Komagata, Sachiko ABSTRACT Purpose: This paper provides a systematic critical review of the effectiveness of Tai Chi for balance improvement and fall reduction, and determines the effectiveness of the Quality Index (QI) as a critical review system. Methods: Eleven of 30 […]

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Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy

Are Scores on Balance Screening Tests Associated with Mobility in Older Adults?

Are Scores on Balance Screening Tests Associated with Mobility in Older Adults? Shubert, Tiffany E ABSTRACT Purpose: To examine associations between measures of static and dynamic balance and performance of mobility tasks in older adults. Methods: A cross-sectional analysis from 195 community dwelling participants (mean age 80.9 years, range 65 -103 years). Participants performed tests […]

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Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy

Relationship of the Functional Reach and Lateral Reach Tests in Elderly Females

Relationship of the Functional Reach and Lateral Reach Tests in Elderly Females DeWaard, Benjamin P ABSTRACT Purpose: Reduced postural stability is a risk factor for falls in elderly individuals. The functional reach and lateral reach tests are designed to assess anterior-posterior and medial-lateral stability. This study examined the relationship between these two measures of postural […]

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Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy

A Meta-Analysis of Data Obtained with a Jamar Dynamometer from Individuals 75 Years or More of Age

Average Grip Strength: A Meta-Analysis of Data Obtained with a Jamar Dynamometer from Individuals 75 Years or More of Age Bohannon, Richard W ABSTRACT Background and Purpose: Although strength diminishes with age, average values for grip strength have not been available heretofore for discrete strata after 75 years. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to […]

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Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy

Effects of Age and ACL Reconstruction on Quadriceps Gamma Loop Function

Effects of Age and ACL Reconstruction on Quadriceps Gamma Loop Function Richardson, Michael S ABSTRACT Background and Purpose: Both aging and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction are associated with strength deficits, which can in turn influence performance of activities of daily living. Thus it is informative to understand mechanisms underlying strength deficits. Age-related declines in […]

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Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy

Applying Knowles’ Model of Andragogy to Individualized Osteoporosis Education

Applying Knowles’ Model of Andragogy to Individualized Osteoporosis Education Chesbro, Steven B ABSTRACT Osteoporosis is one of many health-related conditions about which physical therapists routinely educate consumers. However, the process by which therapists provide education is variable. Malcolm Knowles introduced a model of adult education in the 1960s, called andragogy, which identified characteristics of how […]

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Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy

Differences in Balance Related Measures Among Older Adults Participating in Tai Chi, Structured Exercise, or No Exercise

Differences in Balance Related Measures Among Older Adults Participating in Tai Chi, Structured Exercise, or No Exercise Hakim, Renée M INTRODUCTION Health care professionals and researchers are exploring many methods that can be used to improve balance and decrease the risk of falling for older adults.This emphasis has emerged in light of the estimate that […]