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International Family Planning Perspectives

Safety, efficacy and acceptability of mifepristone-misoprostol medical abortion in Vietnam

Safety, efficacy and acceptability of mifepristone-misoprostol medical abortion in Vietnam Ngoc, Nguyen Thi Nhu Context: In developing countries where the demand for abortion services is high, such as Vietnam, the need for safe and effective alternatives to surgical abortion is great. Medical abortion using mifepristone and misoprostol may be an appropriate option in some of […]

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International Family Planning Perspectives

Recent trends in abortion rates worldwide

Recent trends in abortion rates worldwide Henshaw, Stanley K Context: Legal abortion rates vary widely among countries with nonrestrictive laws. Data on trends in legal induced abortion may provide insight for policymakers into factors that influence rates of legal induced abortion and the levels of abortion that might be achievable in their own countries and […]

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International Family Planning Perspectives

Women’s networks and the social world of fertility behavior

Women’s networks and the social world of fertility behavior Madhavan, Sangeetha CONTEXT: Demographic phenomena occur within social contexts and, therefore, should be studied as social processes. However, how to conceptualize and measure the social worlds that individuals inhabit has been the subject of debate. METHODS: Data from a study conducted in Mali in 1996-1997 are […]

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International Family Planning Perspectives

What influences contraceptive use among young women in urban squatter settlements of Karachi, Pakistan?

What influences contraceptive use among young women in urban squatter settlements of Karachi, Pakistan? Fikree, Fariyal F Context: After nearly three decades of government-initiated family planning programs, the increase in contraceptive prevalence in Pakistan has been frustratingly slow-from 5% in 1974-1975 to 24% in 1996-1997. At the same time, a significant proportion of women do […]

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International Family Planning Perspectives

How education saves lives

How education saves lives Althaus, Frances How Education Saves Lives Rates of maternal and child morbidity and mortality may be lower among educated Indian women because they make greater use of maternal and child health services than do uneducated women. According to a study based on data from the National Family Health Survey, women with […]

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International Family Planning Perspectives

Gender Differences in Emotional Relationships and Physical Behaviors Among Adolescents In the Philippines

Before First Sex: Gender Differences in Emotional Relationships and Physical Behaviors Among Adolescents In the Philippines Upadhyay, Ushma D CONTEXT: Early age at first sex has been identified as a risk factor for unplanned pregnancy and HIV infection. However, the emotional relationships and physical behaviors that precede first intercourse, and how they differ by sex, […]

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International Family Planning Perspectives

Does Discussion of Family Planning Improve Knowledge Of Partner’s Attitude Toward Contraceptives?

Does Discussion of Family Planning Improve Knowledge Of Partner’s Attitude Toward Contraceptives? DeRose, Laurie F CONTEXT: Results from an analysis of 1998 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data from Kenya, where the approval rate of family planning is 90%, have cast doubt on the assumption that spousal discussion improves knowledge of partner’s attitude toward family […]

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International Family Planning Perspectives

In Pakistan, contraceptive prevalence is increasing, but fertility remains high

In Pakistan, contraceptive prevalence is increasing, but fertility remains high Moore, M Contraceptive prevalence has reached 18% in Pakistan, an increase of 50% over the rate of use in 1991. The ideal family size has fallen from 4.9 to 3.4 children over the last decade; nevertheless, data from the 1994-1995 Pakistan Contraceptive Prevalence Survey (PCPS) […]

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International Family Planning Perspectives

Dual method use in South Africa

Dual method use in South Africa Myer, Landon CONTEXT: Dual method use is featured in South Africa’s new reproductive health policies as an important means of family planning as well as of prevention of infection with HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). However, little is known about current levels and predictors of dual method […]

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International Family Planning Perspectives

Sterilization as social strategy?

Sterilization as social strategy? By choosing to be sterilized, women in southern India may be manipulating cultural norms to increase their power within their extended household. A 14-month anthropological study conducted in 1994-1995 in the village of Gopalapalli, Andhra Pradesh, gathered information from participant observation, a survey of 396 households and 44 unstructured interviews for […]