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Indian Journal of Medical Research

Spermicidal & contraceptive properties of Praneem polyherbal pessary

Spermicidal & contraceptive properties of Praneem polyherbal pessary Raghuvanshi, Poonam Background & objectives: Though a number of barrier methods and potent spermicides are available, most of these have nonoxynol-9 (N-9) as the active ingredient which is observed to cause inflammation and genital ulceration on repeated use. The present study was undertaken to develop a safe […]

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Indian Journal of Medical Research

Uropathogenic Escherichia coli causing urinary tract infections

Uropathogenic Escherichia coli causing urinary tract infections Mandal, P Background & objectives: The information on the characteristics of Escherichia coli causing urinary tract infections is limited. We have characterised the urovirulence factors of Esch. coli isolated from symptomatic patients of urinary tract infections (UTI) in order to determine their pathogenic potential and the antibiotic sensitivity […]

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Indian Journal of Medical Research

Evaluation of a rapid antigen capture assay for the diagnosis of falciparum malaria

Evaluation of a rapid antigen capture assay for the diagnosis of falciparum malaria Mishra, B A study was carried out to evaluate the accuracy of a dipstick antigen capture assay for the detection of Plasmodium falciparum histidine rich protein II antigen (Pf HRP-II) in peripheral blood to diagnose P. falciparum malaria. The sensitivity and specificity […]

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Indian Journal of Medical Research

Air pollution in Calcutta elicits adverse pulmonary reaction in children

Air pollution in Calcutta elicits adverse pulmonary reaction in children Lahiri, Twisha Background & objective: Pulmonary responses of children chronically exposed to ambient air pollution in Calcutta have been investigated. Methods: A total number of 153 children from Calcutta and 116 from rural West Bengal in the age group of 6-17 yr were included in […]

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Indian Journal of Medical Research

Rapid diagnosis of vaginal carriage of group B beta haemolytic streptococcus by an enrichment cum antigen detection test

Rapid diagnosis of vaginal carriage of group B beta haemolytic streptococcus by an enrichment cum antigen detection test Das, Anindita Background & objectives: Group B beta haemolytic streptococcus (GBS) is a frequent colonizer of the maternal genital tract causing peripartum fever, puerperal sepsis, neonatal sepsis and neonatal meningitis. The conventional methods for detection of maternal […]

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Indian Journal of Medical Research

Prevalence of goitre in 6 -12 years school-going children of Panchmahal district in Gujarat, India

Prevalence of goitre in 6 -12 years school-going children of Panchmahal district in Gujarat, India Misra, S Background & objectives: Iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs) are one of the worldwide public health problems of today. IDDs are endemic in various districts of Gujarat. We undertook this survey in Panchmahal district of Gujarat to study the prevalence […]

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Indian Journal of Medical Research

A survey of some Indian medicinal plants for anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) activity

A survey of some Indian medicinal plants for anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) activity Premanathan, M Background & objectives: India has an extensive area of forest enriched with plant diversity. Several of these plants have been used as folklore medicines. However, the medicinal plants have rarely been investigated for anti-human immunodeficiency virus activity. Hence, some Indian […]

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Indian Journal of Medical Research

Digestive stimulant action of spices : A myth or reality?

Digestive stimulant action of spices : A myth or reality? Platel, Kalpana Spices have long been recognized for their digestive stimulant action. Several spices are also employed in medicinal preparations against digestive disorders in traditional and Indian systems of medicine. Earlier reports on the digestive stimulant action of spices are largely empirical; only in recent […]

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Indian Journal of Medical Research

WHO monographs on selected medicinal plants

WHO monographs on selected medicinal plants Dhawan, B N WHO monographs on selected medicinal plants, vol. 2 (World Health Organization, Geneva) 2002. 357 pages. Price: Sw.fr.100.00/US $ 90.00; in developing countries : Sw.fr.70.00 ISBN 92-4-154537-2 Plant products continue to be the mainstay of health care in developing countries. These are also being increasingly used as […]

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Indian Journal of Medical Research

Diet & nutrition situation in rural India

Diet & nutrition situation in rural India Vijayaraghavan, K Accepted October 8, 1998 During the last 25 years, a large database has been accumulated on the diet and nutritional status of the rural population of different states of India. The National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau (NNMB) and the National Institute of Nutrition (NIN), Hyderabad have carried […]