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Indian Journal of Medical Research

Comparative evaluation of measles, mumps & rubella vaccine at 9 & 15 months of age

Comparative evaluation of measles, mumps & rubella vaccine at 9 & 15 months of age Yadav, Sangita Background & objectives: Measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) contribute to significant amount of mortality and morbidity in our country. Though MMR vaccine has been a part of immunization schedule in the developed countries, it is yet to be […]

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Indian Journal of Medical Research

Primary prevention: Why focus on children & young adolescents?

Primary prevention: Why focus on children & young adolescents? Selvan, Mano S Primary prevention among adolescents is a particularly important issue in India, due to high population numbers and wide economic, social, and health disparities among its population. In 2000, approximately 30 per cent of India’s population was aged 10 to 24 yr, that increased […]

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Indian Journal of Medical Research

An experimental study of tolerance among alcohol dependent individuals

An experimental study of tolerance among alcohol dependent individuals Ballakoor, K Background & objectives: Continued alcohol use leads to tolerance, however, some dependent individuals lose tolerance despite continued alcohol consumption. The exact mechanism for this is not known. This study evaluated tolerance in alcohol dependent patients in a treatment centre using multiple measures. Methods : […]

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Indian Journal of Medical Research

Evaluation of darkground microscopy as a rapid diagnosis procedure in leptospirosis

Evaluation of darkground microscopy as a rapid diagnosis procedure in leptospirosis Vijayachari, P Background & objectives: Although darkground microscopy (DGM) is the method employed for examining the growth of leptospires in culture, it is not useful for diagnosis when used directly on body fluids. However, it continues to be used as a method for diagnosing […]

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Indian Journal of Medical Research

Viral hepatitis

Viral hepatitis – is it still a challenge in the Indian subcontinent ? Kar, P Viral hepatitis continues to be a major public health problem in India. Ever since the first epidemics of hepatitis that had occurred in 1955 at Delhi, several epidemic outbreaks of hepatitis have continued to occur1-8. It is important to point […]

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Indian Journal of Medical Research

Incidence of dengue fever in relation to climatic factors in Ludhiana, Punjab

Incidence of dengue fever in relation to climatic factors in Ludhiana, Punjab Ram, Shobha Shobha Ram, S. Khurana, V. Kaushal, R. Gupta & S.B. Khurana* An outbreak of dengue fever occurred in Ludhiana in 1996 and 1997. A total of 505 patients who attended the hospital attached to Dayanand Medical College, Ludhiana were clinically diagnosed […]

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Indian Journal of Medical Research

Incidence estimates of substance use disorders in a cohort from Delhi, India

Incidence estimates of substance use disorders in a cohort from Delhi, India Mohan, D Background & objectives: There are no reports of incidence studies in the Indian setting on substance use disorders in the general population. This survey-resurvey carried out in metropolis Delhi estimated the incidence rates of substance use disorders. Methods: A cross-sectional survey […]

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Indian Journal of Medical Research

Current trends in chemotherapy of tuberculosis

Current trends in chemotherapy of tuberculosis Jawahar, M S After streptomycin, which heralded the era of antibacterial chemotherapy for tuberculosis (TB), many important advances have made available treatment regimens that are almost 100 per cent curative. Randomised clinical trials by the Tuberculosis Research Centre, in Chennai and British Medical Research Council in East Africa and […]

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Indian Journal of Medical Research

Rising quinolone resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates from New Delhi

Rising quinolone resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates from New Delhi Bhalla, P Background & objectives: Treatment for gonorrhoea with fluoroquinolones is recommended. However, reduced susceptibility and treatment failure with fluoroquinolones has recently been reported. We undertook to study the antibiotic susceptibility pattern and the incidence of quinolone resistance in 36 consecutive isolates of Neisseria gonorrhoeae […]

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Indian Journal of Medical Research

Distribution of hepatitis C virus genotypes in patients with chronic hepatitis C infection in India

Distribution of hepatitis C virus genotypes in patients with chronic hepatitis C infection in India Singh, Sompal Background & objectives: Hepatitis C virus (HCV), an important cause of chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis and hepatoccllular carcinoma, shows a considerable genetic heterogeneity among hepatitis C virus isolates from all over the world. At least six main groups of […]