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Family Planning Perspectives

Strenuous or sedentary routine may raise preterm birth risk among poor

Strenuous or sedentary routine may raise preterm birth risk among poor Olenick, Iviva Low-income women who engage in strenuous physical activities as part of their daily routines during pregnancy are at increased risk of delivering preterm, according to a study of clinic patients in Maryland.l For instance, women who climb stairs more than 10 times […]

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Family Planning Perspectives

Long-term users of injectable contraceptives may experience substantially diminished bone density

Long-term users of injectable contraceptives may experience substantially diminished bone density Mahler, K Women who use the injectable contraceptive depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) have significantly reduced bone mineral density, according to a controlled cross-sectional study in New Zealand.’ Women who begin using the method before age 21 and those who rely on it for 15 […]

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Family Planning Perspectives

Unintended pregnancy in the United States

Unintended pregnancy in the United States Henshaw, Stanley K The relatively high rate of unintended pregnancy in the United States1p has received increasing attention as the immediate cause of both abortion and unplanned birth. For example, the Institute of Medicine recently published a report that summarized the consequences of unintended pregnancies that are carried to […]

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Family Planning Perspectives

Urinary tract infection during pregnancy tied to premature delivery

Urinary tract infection during pregnancy tied to premature delivery Remez, Lisa Acquiring a urinary tract infection during pregnancy is associated with several negative outcomes for the mother and her infant. According to a retrospective study of perinatal registry data,(1) pregnant women who had a urinary tract infection were significantly more likely than those who did […]

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Family Planning Perspectives

Breakage and acceptability of a polyurethane condom: A randomized, controlled study

Breakage and acceptability of a polyurethane condom: A randomized, controlled study Frezieres, Ron G Context: Although the first commercial polyurethane condom was approved for use several years ago, no US. clinical trial has compared its performance to that of the latex condom. Methods: In a masked crossover study, 360 couples were randomized to use three […]

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Family Planning Perspectives

Bringing the fundamentals of gender studies into safer-sex education

Bringing the fundamentals of gender studies into safer-sex education Lever, Janet Condom advertisements and public service announcements to stop the spread of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seem to be disproportionately aimed at women. Their content reveals two underlying assumptions — namely, that women are likely to encounter male partners who resist using condoms, and […]

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Family Planning Perspectives

Can statutory rape laws be effective in preventing adolescent pregnancy?

Can statutory rape laws be effective in preventing adolescent pregnancy? Donovan, Patricia Recent studies indicate that at least half of all babies born to minor women are fathered by adult men.’ In addition, there is a widespread perception that these young mothers account for the large increase in welfare caseloads over the last 25 years. […]

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Family Planning Perspectives

Adolescent fertility and the educational attainment of young women

Adolescent fertility and the educational attainment of young women Klepinger, Daniel H Adolescent childbearing has been the focus of intense research activity in recent years, yet the causes and consequences of this phenomenon remain subjects of debate. An important question that has not been conclusively answered is: How do early family responsibilities affect the future […]

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Family Planning Perspectives

Abortion services in the United States, 1991 and 1992

Abortion services in the United States, 1991 and 1992 Henshaw, Stanley K According to a survey by The Alan Guttmacher Institute, 1,529,000 abortions were performed in 1992, the lowest number of abortions since 1979. The abortion rate has gradually declined, from a high of 29 per 1,000 women of reproductive age in 1981 to 26 […]

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Family Planning Perspectives

Improvements in neonatal care have increased survival rates for very low birth weight infants

Improvements in neonatal care have increased survival rates for very low birth weight infants Hollander, Dore Recent changes in neonatal care–in particular, the use of antenatal steroids, cesarean delivery, steroids to treat chronic lung disease and surfactant to treat respiratory distress syndrome–appear to have contributed to the survival of very low birth weight babies. In […]