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Family Planning Perspectives

Contraceptives use elevates the odds of barrier method use for disease prevention

Contraceptives use elevates the odds of barrier method use for disease prevention O’Connor, M L Low-income women with a high risk of acquiring a sexually transmitted disease (STD) are more likely to use condoms or spermicides for STD prevention if they have been using contraceptives, particularly barrier methods, than if they have not been practicing […]

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Family Planning Perspectives

Nurse-midwives attending healthy women’s deliveries use fewer interventions than physicians

Nurse-midwives attending healthy women’s deliveries use fewer interventions than physicians Breslin, Megan Healthy women with a low risk of obstetric complications whose deliveries are attended by certified nurse-midwives have fewer medical or technological interventions during labor and have a lower cesarean section rate than those whose births are attended by obstetricians or family physicians, according […]

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Family Planning Perspectives

Racial differences in early coitus may be influenced by neighborhood context

Racial differences in early coitus may be influenced by neighborhood context Klitsch, Michael Neighborhood characteristics appear to have an important effect on teenagers’ rates of nonmarital intercourse, and may be important determinants of racial differences in sexual activity.(1) Multivariate analyses of data on more than 2000 adolescent respondents to the National Survey of Family Growth […]

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Family Planning Perspectives

Knowledge and perceptions of medical abortion among potential users

Knowledge and perceptions of medical abortion among potential users Harvey, S Marie Currently, half of the pregnancies to American women are unintended, with about 28% of all pregnancies terminating in abortion.(1) For some women, particularly poor, young and rural women, obtaining a legal abortion has become more difficult over the past decade. A 1993 survey […]

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Family Planning Perspectives

Economic and personal factors affecting women’s use of nurse-midwives in Michigan

Economic and personal factors affecting women’s use of nurse-midwives in Michigan Stewart, Susan D Context: The proportion of American women who use a nurse-midwife rather than an obstetrician to deliver their baby is increasing. Relatively little is known, however, about the determinants of a midwife-assisted birth. Methods: Logistic regression analyses using birth-certificate data on 149,437 […]

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Family Planning Perspectives

In this issue

In this issue The good news about teenage pregnancy in the United States is that for many years, it has been declining. Yet the rate at which U.S. adolescents become pregnant remains high by any standard and is many times the rates found in other developed countries. What accounts for the difference? Drawing on data […]

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Family Planning Perspectives

Is it sex or is it abstinence?

Oral sex among adolescents: Is it sex or is it abstinence? Remez, Lisa Over the past few decades, nationally representative surveys have accumulated a wealth of data on levels of adolescent sexual activity. Thanks to such surveys, we know how the proportion of 15-19-year-olds who have ever had intercourse has changed over the years. Similar […]

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Family Planning Perspectives

1995 U.S. fertility rate was lower than any since the mid-1980s

1995 U.S. fertility rate was lower than any since the mid-1980s Hollander, Dore U. S. women had 1% fewer births in 1995 than in 1994, and the fertility rate among all women aged 15-44 fell to its lowest level since 1986, according to preliminary data compiled by the National Center for Health Statistics.l Particularly striking […]

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Family Planning Perspectives

As a medical abortion regimen, misoprostol alone is not highly effective, but rarely causes side effects

As a medical abortion regimen, misoprostol alone is not highly effective, but rarely causes side effects Althaus, Frances As a regimen of early medical abortion, misoprostol alone is effective for only six in 10 women, but a 1994 study of the prostaglandin’s effectiveness as an abortifacient suggests that side effects are infrequent and that successful […]

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Family Planning Perspectives

Race, education are factors in likelihood of vaginal delivery after cesearean

Race, education are factors in likelihood of vaginal delivery after cesearean Stewart, M Among women who have previously had a cesarean delivery, white women, those who are more educated and those who deliver at hospitals with intensive neonatal facilities are more likely than others to have a vaginal delivery.(1) According to an analysis of data […]