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Environmental Health Perspectives

Assessing human exposure to phthalates using monoesters and their oxidized metabolites as biomarkers

Assessing human exposure to phthalates using monoesters and their oxidized metabolites as biomarkers – Commentary Dana B. Barr Phthalates are a group of industrial chemicals with many commercial uses, such as solvents, additives, and plasticizers. For example, di-(2-ethythexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is added in varying amounts to certain plastics, such as polyvinyl chloride, to increase their […]

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Environmental Health Perspectives

Electronic Library of Construction Occupational Safety and Health

Electronic Library of Construction Occupational Safety and Health – Forum Erin E. Dooley In the year 2000, construction work had the highest number of fatal work injuries to date, with 1,154 deaths. The construction industry encompasses a wide variety of occupations, and construction workers face not only inherent physical dangers–for example, the hazards of working […]

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Environmental Health Perspectives

Coupling between Annual and ENSO Timescales in the Malaria—Climate Association in Colombia

Coupling between Annual and ENSO Timescales in the Malaria—Climate Association in Colombia German Poveda We present evidence that the El Nino phenomenon intensifies the annual cycle of malaria cases for Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum in endemic areas of Colombia as a consequence of concomitant anomalies in the normal annual cycle of temperature and precipitation. […]

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Environmental Health Perspectives

considerations when assessing exposure to environmental chemicals in the National Children’s Study

Effects of environmental agents on the attainment of puberty: considerations when assessing exposure to environmental chemicals in the National Children’s Study Richard Y. Wang The apparent decline in the age at puberty in the United States raises a general level of concern because of the potential clinical and social consequences of such an event. Nutritional […]

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Environmental Health Perspectives

Mercury labels for lightbulbs

Mercury labels for lightbulbs – The Beat Erin E. Dooley Fluorescent lightbulb manufacturers have announced a nationwide program for labeling the estimated 600 million mercury-containing fluorescent and high-intensity discharge bulbs sold in the United States annually. Eight manufacturers and their trade group, the National Electrical Manufacturers Association, decided to implement the new program this year […]

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Environmental Health Perspectives

Octylphenol alters the expression of members of the amyloid protein family in the hypothalamus of the snapping turtle, Chelydra serpentina serpentina – OP

Octylphenol alters the expression of members of the amyloid protein family in the hypothalamus of the snapping turtle, Chelydra serpentina serpentina – OP – Articles Vance L. Trudeau The gonadal estrogen estradiol-17[beta] ([E.sub.2]) is important for developing and regulating hypothalamic function and many aspects of reproduction in vertebrates. Pollutants such as octylphenol (OP) that mimic […]

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Environmental Health Perspectives

Research on Autism/Autism Spectrum Disorders

Research on Autism/Autism Spectrum Disorders The purpose of this program announcement is to encourage grant applications for research to elucidate the diagnosis, epidemiology, etiology, genetics, treatment, and optimal means of service delivery in relation to autistic disorder (“autism”) and autism spectrum disorders. These complex disorders are usually of lifelong duration and affect multiple aspects of […]

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Environmental Health Perspectives

Gene-environment interactions influencing alcohol-related phenotypes and diseases

Gene-environment interactions influencing alcohol-related phenotypes and diseases – Fellowship, Grants, & Awards The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) is seeking research grant applications on the role of gene-environment interactions underlying susceptibility to alcohol-related phenotypes including alcohol dependence, relapse, withdrawal; alcohol-induced organ damage including neurodegeneration, cirrhosis and other liver diseases, pancreatitis, cardiomyopathy, immune […]

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Environmental Health Perspectives

Environmental factors in autoimmune disease

Environmental factors in autoimmune disease – NIEHS Extramural Update Autoimmune diseases are chronic, potentially life-threatening conditions. There are more than 80 recognized autoimmune diseases including systemic lupus erythematosus, glomerulonephritis, multiple sclerosis, autoimmune thyroiditis, rheumatoid arthritis, and myositis. Although some of the conditions afflict only small numbers of individuals, as a group autoimmune diseases represent an […]

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Environmental Health Perspectives

Cancer risk to naval divers: response

Cancer risk to naval divers: response – Correspondence Elihu D. Richter We would like to address the epidemiologic implications of Amitai et al.’s comments on the validity of our estimates of exposure, dermal contact and absorption, internal doses, and permeability coefficients that we reported in our article published in the April 2003 issue of EHP(Richter […]