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Emerging Infectious Diseases

Lack of H5N1 avian influenza transmission to hospital employees, Hanoi, 2004

Lack of H5N1 avian influenza transmission to hospital employees, Hanoi, 2004 Nguyen Thanh Liem To establish whether human-to-human transmission of influenza A H5N1 occurred in the healthcare setting in Vietnam, we conducted a cross-sectional seroprevalence survey among hospital employees exposed to 4 confirmed and 1 probable H5N1 case-patients or their clinical specimens. Eighty-three (95.4%) of […]

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Emerging Infectious Diseases

Virus-specific RNA and antibody from convalescent-phase SARS patients discharged from hospital

Virus-specific RNA and antibody from convalescent-phase SARS patients discharged from hospital Hoe Nam Leong Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is caused by a novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV). In a longitudinal cross-sectional study, we determined the prevalence of virus in bodily excretions and time of seroconversion in discharged patients with SARS. Conjunctival, throat, stool, and urine specimens […]

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Emerging Infectious Diseases

West Nile virus infection in nonhuman primate breeding colony, concurrent with human epidemic, Southern Louisiana

West Nile virus infection in nonhuman primate breeding colony, concurrent with human epidemic, Southern Louisiana – Research Marion S. Ratterree During the summer of 2002, an epidemic of West Nile meningoencephalitis occurred in southern Louisiana. Following the outbreak, blood samples were collected from 1,692 captive rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta), pigtail macaques (M. nemestrina), and baboons […]

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Emerging Infectious Diseases

Borrelia valaisiana in cerebrospinal fluid

Borrelia valaisiana in cerebrospinal fluid Eudoxia Diza To the Editor: Lyme borreliosis is the most common tickborne human disease in the Northern Hemisphere. The incidence of the disease is not the same throughout Europe; in southern Europe, the incidence ranges from 43% in Croatia to 1.1% in Greece. Suspected borreliosis cases have been reported in […]

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Emerging Infectious Diseases

Distribution of eosinophilic meningitis cases attributable to Angiostrongylus cantonensis, Hawaii

Distribution of eosinophilic meningitis cases attributable to Angiostrongylus cantonensis, Hawaii Natasha S. Hochberg During November 2004-January 2005, 5 cases of eosinophilic meningitis (EM) attributable to Angiostrongylus cantonensis infection were reported in Hawaii. To determine if this temporal clustering reflected an increased incidence, we ascertained EM and A. cantonensis cases by systematic review of statewide laboratory […]

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Emerging Infectious Diseases

Hot-tub-associated mycobacterial infections in immunosuppressed persons

Hot-tub-associated mycobacterial infections in immunosuppressed persons – Letters Donald R. Graham To the Editor: I read with interest the report by Mangione et al. regarding Mycobacterium avium infection in a Colorado family who used an inadequately sanitized hot tub (1). The authors noted that the source of the M. avium complex was not clear, although […]

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Emerging Infectious Diseases

Environmental exposure and leptospirosis, Peru

Environmental exposure and leptospirosis, Peru Michael A.S. Johnson Human infection by leptospires has highly variable clinical manifestations, which range from subclinical infection to fulminant disease. We conducted a population-based, cross-sectional seroepidemiologic study in Peru to determine potential relationships of environmental context to human exposure to Leptospira and disease associated with seroconversion. Three areas were studied: […]

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Emerging Infectious Diseases

Correction, vol. 10, no. 1 – News & Notes

Correction, vol. 10, no. 1 – News & Notes – Correction Notice In the article “Bacillus anthracis Incident, Kameido, Tokyo, 1993” by Hiroshi Takahashi, et al., errors occurred in the 4th paragraph under “Discussion” on page 119: mu symbols were inadvertently replaced by the letter “m.” The corrected sentences appear below: The human respiratory infectious […]

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Emerging Infectious Diseases

Multiply resistant Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium DT 12 and DT 120: a case of MR DT 104 in disguise? – MR

Multiply resistant Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium DT 12 and DT 120: a case of MR DT 104 in disguise? – MR – Dispatches Andrew J. Lawson Multiresistant Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium definitive phage type (DT) 12 and DT 120 are more closely related to DT 104 than to non-multiresistant strains of their respective phage types. […]

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Emerging Infectious Diseases

Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among military recruits

Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among military recruits Craig E. Zinderman We report an outbreak of 235 community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections among military recruits. In this unique environment, the close contact between recruits and the physical demands of training may have contributed to the spread of MRSA. Control measures included improved hygiene and aggressive […]