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American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

Determinants of Youth Tobacco Use in West Virginia: A Comparison of Smoking and Smokeless Tobacco Use

Determinants of Youth Tobacco Use in West Virginia: A Comparison of Smoking and Smokeless Tobacco Use – Statistical Data Included Kimberly A. Horn Since the 1964 U.S. Surgeon General’s Report first revealed the health hazards of tobacco, smoking and smokeless tobacco (ST) use have declined substantially in the upper and middle income groups. This has […]

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American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

Correlates of early substance use and crime among adolescents entering outpatient substance abuse treatment

Correlates of early substance use and crime among adolescents entering outpatient substance abuse treatment Michael S. Gordon INTRODUCTION Seriousness of Adolescent Substance Abuse Problem According to the Physicians Leadership on National Drug Policy (1), adolescent substance abuse is a national public health problem with serious health and economic consequences. There is considerable evidence that substance […]

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American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

The family experiences of narcotic addicts and their subsequent parenting practices

The family experiences of narcotic addicts and their subsequent parenting practices David N. Nurco INTRODUCTION The relationship between family functioning and deviant behavior in adolescent and adult years is well documented by Loeber and Stouthamer-Loeber (1) and by Wright and Wright (2). Significant factors associated with deviance identified in Loeber and Stouthamer-Loeber’s longitudinal study included […]

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American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

evidence for an inverse relationship. A study of methadone maintenance and drug-free treatment samples

Alcohol use by heroin addicts: evidence for an inverse relationship. A study of methadone maintenance and drug-free treatment samples M. Douglas Anglin Alcohol Use by Heroin Addicts: Evidence for an Inverse Relationship. A Study of Methadone Maintenance and Drug-Free Treatment Samples ABSTRACT This study examines the relationship between the patterns of use of alcohol and […]

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American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

Rural-Urban Differences In Substance Use And Treatment Utilization Among Prisoners

Rural-Urban Differences In Substance Use And Treatment Utilization Among Prisoners – Statistical Data Included Barbara D. Warner INTRODUCTION Surveys of incarcerated offenders and arrestees consistently report high rates of both alcohol and drug use in this population. For example, the 1997 Survey of Inmates in State and Federal Correctional Facilities found that 83% of state […]

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American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

Factors associated with probation officers’ use of criminal justice coercion to mandate alcohol treatment

Factors associated with probation officers’ use of criminal justice coercion to mandate alcohol treatment Douglas L. Polcin INTRODUCTION Numerous studies indicate that alcohol problems are common among individuals in the criminal justice system (1-12). For example, Greenfield (2,3) investigated 413 California prison inmates using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule (13) and found that 55% had a […]

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American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

Validation of a scale for network therapy: a technique for systemic use of peer and family support in addiction treatment

Validation of a scale for network therapy: a technique for systemic use of peer and family support in addiction treatment Daniel S. Keller Network therapy (NT) is an approach to substance abuse rehabilitation in which selected family members and friends are enlisted to provide ongoing support and to promote attitude and behavior change in the […]

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American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

Level of response to alcohol measured on the self-rating of the effects of alcohol questionnaire in a group of 40-year-old women

Level of response to alcohol measured on the self-rating of the effects of alcohol questionnaire in a group of 40-year-old women – [dagger] Marc A. Schuckit I. INTRODUCTION The intensity with which one responds to a modest dose of alcohol is a genetically influenced characteristic with a heritability between 0.4 and 0.6 (1,2). A low […]

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American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

Alcohol, marijuana, cocaine use, and relationship quality among HIV serodiscordant male couples

Alcohol, marijuana, cocaine use, and relationship quality among HIV serodiscordant male couples Curtis Dolezal INTRODUCTION Although alcohol and recreational drugs have been found to be highly prevalent among urban men who have sex with men (1), little is known about how this substance use impacts the quality of the relationships of male couples. Among heterosexual […]

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American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

Substance use before and during pregnancy: links to intimate partner violence

Substance use before and during pregnancy: links to intimate partner violence Sandra L. Martin INTRODUCTION Many women, including those who are pregnant, have been victims of intimate partner violence (1-6). Each year, approximately 1.5 million US women are physically or sexually assaulted by their intimate partners (3,6), with such victimization being most likely when women […]