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American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

psychometric structure and discriminative survey

The Drug Use Screening Inventory for Adults: psychometric structure and discriminative survey Ralph E. Tarter Key Words. Alcoholism; Diagnosis; Drug abuse; Psychometric assessment INTRODUCTION Screening instruments such as the MAST(1), CAGE(2), MMPI MacAndrew scale (3), Khavari Alcohol Test (4), and the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (5) have proven useful for identifying individuals having problem […]

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American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

Illicit drug use by women with disabilities

Illicit drug use by women with disabilities Li Li INTRODUCTION Research studies have consistently shown that women use illicit drugs less than do men. However, the number of women who report illicit drug use is significant, especially since women are more likely to use prescribed and psychoactive medications (1-5). The 1994 National Household Survey on […]

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American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

Inhalant abuse among American Indian, Mexican American, and non-Latino white adolescents

Inhalant abuse among American Indian, Mexican American, and non-Latino white adolescents Fred Beauvais INTRODUCTION The abuse of volatile solvents and gases has received a limited amount of attention in the substance abuse field. There are a number of factors that set volatile solvent or inhalant use apart from the use of other drugs (see Beauvais […]

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American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

Double-blind comparison of bromocriptine and placebo in cocaine withdrawal

Double-blind comparison of bromocriptine and placebo in cocaine withdrawal Kathryn Eiler INTRODUCTION Currently, no specific medication has been found to be of substantial value in the treatment of cocaine dependence. Recent reports indicate that cocaine intoxication or “high,” dependence, and withdrawal symptomatology are probably mediated through the dopamine (DA) reward systems in the brain (1, […]

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American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

Two cases of severe gamma-hydroxybutyrate withdrawal delirium on a psychiatric unit: recommendations for management

Two cases of severe gamma-hydroxybutyrate withdrawal delirium on a psychiatric unit: recommendations for management Mark H. Rosenberg PROBLEM STATEMENT Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB), an increasingly popular drug to abuse (1-3), is unfamiliar to many psychiatric professionals. Recent cases of severe GHB withdrawal delirium have occurred in psychiatric settings, making it necessary for psychiatric professionals to be informed […]

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American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

Psychological reactions and retention by cocaine addicts during treatment according to HIV-serostatus: a matched-control study

Psychological reactions and retention by cocaine addicts during treatment according to HIV-serostatus: a matched-control study – human immunodeficiency virus William Weddington INTRODUCTION Intravenous (IV) drug users are a major risk group for being infected with human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) and represent the second highest risk group to become ill with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) […]

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American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

Gender, Psychopathology, and Patterns of Homelessness Among Clients in Shelter-Based TCs

Gender, Psychopathology, and Patterns of Homelessness Among Clients in Shelter-Based TCs Nancy Jainchill Homelessness represents one of our most pressing and complex social problems. Frequently, homelessness is a symptom of underlying problems, such as the lack of job skills or education, mental illness, or substance abuse problems. The interaction of any of these problems with […]

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American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

Comorbidity In A Clinical Sample Of Substance Abusers

Comorbidity In A Clinical Sample Of Substance Abusers Anne Helene Skinstad The presence of comorbid psychopathology in substance abusers is of considerable clinical interest. Psychiatric illness may serve as a risk factor for substance abuse, develop as a result of chronic substance abuse, or alter the course, prognosis, and outcome of substance abuse. Personality disorders […]

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American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

Recognizing comorbidity among drug users in treatment

Recognizing comorbidity among drug users in treatment Mark E. Johnson RECOGNIZING COMORBIDITY AMONG DRUG USERS IN TREATMENT The co-occurrence of substance use and other psychiatric disorders has been labeled in a variety of ways, including comorbidity, dual diagnosis, and “mentally ill chemically addicted” (MICA). Its reality is beginning to be well established for both mental […]

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American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

The association of personality characteristics with parenting problems among alcoholic couples

The association of personality characteristics with parenting problems among alcoholic couples Willaim A. Gallant INTRODUCTION If one member of a family or couple is an alcoholic or substance abuser, the other partner is far more likely to be similarly categorized (Finkelstein, 1994). This essentially represents a concentration in one system of the problems in living […]