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Alcohol Research & Health

Sleep, Sleepiness, and Alcohol Use

Sleep, Sleepiness, and Alcohol Use Timothy Roehrs The study of alcohol’s effects on sleep dates back to the late 1930s. Since then, an extensive literature has described alcohol’s effects on the sleep of healthy, nonalcoholic people. For example, studies found that in nonalcoholics who occasionally use alcohol, both high and low doses of alcohol initially […]

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Alcohol Research & Health

Prenatal Exposure to Alcohol

Prenatal Exposure to Alcohol Maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy can cause serious birth defects, of which fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is the most devastating. Recognizable by characteristic craniofacial abnormalities and growth deficiency, this condition includes severe alcohol-induced damage to the developing brain. FAS children experience deficits in intellectual functioning; difficulties in learning, memory, problem-solving, and […]

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Alcohol Research & Health

Is there a genetic relationship between alcoholism and depression?

Is there a genetic relationship between alcoholism and depression? – Research Update John I. Nurnberger, Jr. It has long been known that alcoholism and depression tend to occur together and that both disorders may run in families. Researchers participating in the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism (COGA) have investigated the prevalence of alcoholism […]

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Alcohol Research & Health

Sleep, Sleepiness, and Alcohol Use

Sleep, Sleepiness, and Alcohol Use Timothy Roehrs The study of alcohol’s effects on sleep dates back to the late 1930s. Since then, an extensive literature has described alcohol’s effects on the sleep of healthy, nonalcoholic people. For example, studies found that in nonalcoholics who occasionally use alcohol, both high and low doses of alcohol initially […]

Categories
Alcohol Research & Health

Research Refines Alcoholism Treatment Options

Research Refines Alcoholism Treatment Options Every day, more than 700,000 people in the United States receive treatment for alcoholism. In recent years, much progress has been made in understanding how both psychological approaches and medications can help these patients achieve sobriety, including evaluation of existing treatment approaches and development of new ones. Continued research to […]

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Alcohol Research & Health

The collaborative study on the genetics of alcoholism: an update

The collaborative study on the genetics of alcoholism: an update Howard J. Edenberg Researchers participating in the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism (COGA) are systematically screening all human chromosomes for evidence of DNA regions carrying genes that influence the risk of alcoholism and other related traits. This article by Dr. Howard J. Edenberg […]

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Alcohol Research & Health

Bipolar disorder and alcoholism

Bipolar disorder and alcoholism Susan C. Sonne Bipolar disorder and alcoholism commonly co-occur. Multiple explanations for the relationship between these conditions have been proposed, but this relationship remains poorly understood. Some evidence suggests a genetic link. This comorbidity also has implications for diagnosis and treatment. Alcohol use may worsen the clinical course of bipolar disorder, […]

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Alcohol Research & Health

Animal Models in Alcohol Research

Animal Models in Alcohol Research Boris Tabakoff Animal models are important tools in the study of alcohol use, abuse, and dependence because they allow researchers to use methods that cannot be used with human subjects. Animal models have been developed to study various aspects of alcohol use and dependence, including alcohol-seeking behavior, alcohol-related organ damage, […]

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Alcohol Research & Health

Alcohol’s effects on female reproductive function

Alcohol’s effects on female reproductive function Mary Ann Emanuele Mild-to-moderate alcohol use affects female reproductive function throughout the life cycle. Animal studies show that alcohol consumption disrupts female puberty, and drinking during this period also may influence growth and bone health. After puberty, alcohol also has been found to disrupt normal menstrual cycling and reproductive […]

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Alcohol Research & Health

Medical Consequences of Alcohol Abuse

Medical Consequences of Alcohol Abuse Studies have shown that long-term alcohol abuse produces serious, harmful effects on a variety of the body’s organ systems. Parts of the human body most affected include the liver and the immune, cardiovascular, and skeletal systems. Current research has examined some of these effects in an effort to better understand […]