Categories
Alcohol Health & Research World

Alcohol and the immune system

Alcohol and the immune system Gary A. Roselle Research demonstrating alcohol’s adverse effects on functions of the immune system supports clinical evidence of an increased incidence of infections among alcoholics. Scientist have long debated the effects of alcohol on immune function. Laboratory evidence indicates that alcohol can directly suppress various immune responses, and clinical studies […]

Categories
Alcohol Health & Research World

Effects of alcohol on labor market success: income, earnings, labor supply, and occupation

Effects of alcohol on labor market success: income, earnings, labor supply, and occupation John Mullahy Income, Earnings, Labor Supply, and Occupation Investigations into whether or not alcohol use affects a person’s success in the labor market have shown both negative and positive effects. And although the debate is ongoing, careful comparison of the studies may […]

Categories
Alcohol Health & Research World

Acculturation and changes in drinking patterns among Mexican-American women

Acculturation and changes in drinking patterns among Mexican-American women M. Jean Gilbert Implications for Prevention There is an increase in alcohol consumption by Mexican-American women with each successive generation following immigration to the United States. Changes in drinking patterns are thought to be part of an acculturative process in which these women adopt the behaviors […]

Categories
Alcohol Health & Research World

Pathogenesis of fetal alcohol syndrome; overview with emphasis on the possible role of nutrition

Pathogenesis of fetal alcohol syndrome; overview with emphasis on the possible role of nutrition Deborah K. Phillips Pathogenesis of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Overview with Emphasis on the Possible Role of Nutrition This brief review of the fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) will synthesize current views of the pathogenesis of the syndrome, especially regarding the possible role […]

Categories
Alcohol Health & Research World

Highlights from the 1987 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit Survey

Highlights from the 1987 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit Survey Joan R. Harris Highlights from the 1987 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit Survey (NDATUS) BACKGROUND INFORMATION The National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit Survey (NDATUS) was first conducted in 1974 by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) and has been conducted every […]

Categories
Alcohol Health & Research World

Hearing-impaired alcoholics

Hearing-impaired alcoholics – an undeserved community Gladys A. Kearns HEARING-IMPAIRED ALCOHOLICS – AN UNDERSERVED COMMUNITY In the United States, more than 20 million people suffer from impaired hearing (Wentzel 1986; U.S. Bureau of the Census 1987). How many of them have the dual problem of alcoholism and hearing loss? Exact data are not available; however, […]

Categories
Alcohol Health & Research World

Interactions between alcohol and cardiovascular medications

Interactions between alcohol and cardiovascular medications Barbara A. Thomas This issue of Alcohol Health & Research World provides many reasons why patients with cardiovascular disease should limit their alcohol intake. In this article, we will discuss yet another reason: interactions in the body between alcohol and cardiovascular medications. Although many interactions of alcohol with cardiovascular […]

Categories
Alcohol Health & Research World

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, childhood conduct disorder, and alcoholism

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, childhood conduct disorder, and alcoholism Robert O. Pihl Inclusions of the diagnostic energy attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Third Edition, Revised (DSM-III-R) (1987) constitutes the most recent of many attempts to delineate a pattern of disruptive childhood behaviors known variously within […]

Categories
Alcohol Health & Research World

Alcohol reinforcement: complex determinant of drinking

Alcohol reinforcement: complex determinant of drinking – Special Focus: Alcohol and the Brain Michael J. Lewis Alcohol Reinforcement It has long been observed that individuals tend to repeat behaviors that lead to pleasant outcomes, yet the factors that motivate a person to perform an act again and again to gain pleasure or to alleviate discomfort […]

Categories
Alcohol Health & Research World

Alcohol and cancer

Alcohol and cancer Anthony J. Garro Chronic alcohol consumption has been associated with increased risk of cancers of the upper digestive and respiratory tracts. Suppression of the immune response may be one way in which alcohol influences the cancer-causing process. Numerous epidemiologic studies have shown a clear association between chronic alcohol abuse and increased risk […]