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Alcohol Health & Research World

Evolution of the DSM diagnostic criteria for alcoholism

Evolution of the DSM diagnostic criteria for alcoholism – Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Marc A. Schuckit The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is a source of common terminology for mental and addictive disorders. The concept of alcoholism in the DSM has evolved markedly from the first edition in 1952 […]

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Alcohol Health & Research World

Alcohol abuse and traumatic brain injury

Alcohol abuse and traumatic brain injury Gregory A. Jones Alcohol Abuse and Traumatic Brain Injury The role of alcohol and other drug abuse in traumatic brain injury is well documented, with an incidence of intoxication at injury of approximately 50 percent. Because of cognitive, behavioral, and functional deficits, brain injury survivors pose unique challenges to […]

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Alcohol Health & Research World

NIAAA and alcohol research: a researcher’s view

NIAAA and alcohol research: a researcher’s view – National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Perspectives on Current Research Charles S. Lieber NIAAA and Alcohol Research A Researcher’s View My own research on alcohol–focused mainly on the biological effects of alcohol on the liver, but also on its effects on practically all other tissues of […]

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Alcohol Health & Research World

Highlights of the Surgeon General’s Report on Nutrition and Health

Highlights of the Surgeon General’s Report on Nutrition and Health Highlights of the Surgeon General’s Report on Nutrition and Health According to the Surgeon General’s Report on Nutrition and Health (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 1988), alcohol-related diseases include both the direct toxic effects of alcohol and the indirect effects caused by the […]

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Alcohol Health & Research World

Alcohol, stroke, and the cerebral circulation

Alcohol, stroke, and the cerebral circulation Burton M. Altura The idea that continued ingestion of alcohol can produce adverse effects on brain tissue is no surprise, particularly to the physician treating alcoholic patients or the social worker caring for alcoholic clients. Scientific documentation appears as early as 1725, when Sedgewick wrote that alcohol may compromise […]

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Alcohol Health & Research World

Effects of alcohol on electrolytes and minerals

Effects of alcohol on electrolytes and minerals Luis Marsano Effects of Alcohol on Electrolytes and Minerals Electrolytes and minerals are involved in most cellular activities and assume a major role in metabolism. They have multiple functions such as holding fluids in compartments of the body and maintaining normal acid-base balance. Electrolytes as sodium, potassium, and […]

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Alcohol Health & Research World

Alcoholism and tuberculosis

Alcoholism and tuberculosis Jeffrey M. Jacobson Although the incidence of tuberculosis has declined dramatically in this century, pockets of the disease among the indigent alcoholic population have been a major factor in preventing its eradication in this country. Treatment of this population has been problematic, mainly because of patients’ lack of cooperation with their therapy, […]

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Alcohol Health & Research World

Drinking patterns and problems among women in paid employment

Drinking patterns and problems among women in paid employment Elsie R. Shore Recent studies indicate that women in paid employment may consume more alcohol, but do not seem to have higher rates of heavy drinking or alcohol problems, than women who do not work outside the home. Several theories have been proposed to explain the […]

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Alcohol Health & Research World

Immunity, malnutrition, and alcohol

Immunity, malnutrition, and alcohol Charles L. Mendenhall Deficits in important components of an ordinary diet often accompany symptoms of a weekend immune system, chronic infection, and alcholism. Malnutrition can both suppress and stimulate aspects of the immune system. One important topic that should be added to a discussion of alcohol consumption, infections, and immunity is […]

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Alcohol Health & Research World

The job-treatment balance in employee assistance programs

The job-treatment balance in employee assistance programs William J. Sonnenstuhl As originally conceived in the 1970s, employee assistance programs would involve important interactions between supervisors and employees, as well as treatment. However, as the programs have proliferated, the role of the supervisor has diminished. Workplaces have a long history of assisting employees with alcohol problems […]