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Employment and Earnings

Revisions in State Establishment-Based Employment Estimates Effective January 2001 PART I

Revisions in State Establishment-Based Employment Estimates Effective January 2001 PART I – Statistical Data Included

Molly E. Barth

With the release of estimates for January 2001, nonfarm payroll employment, hours, and earnings data for States and areas (tables B-7, B-14, and B-18) were revised to reflect the incorporation of March 2000 benchmarks, and the recomputation of seasonal adjustment factors (State estimates). The revisions affected all unadjusted data from April 1999 forward and the seasonally adjusted State estimates from January 1996 forward. This article provides some background on benchmarking methods, detailed information on the effects of the March 2000 benchmark revisions, and some historical perspective. The article also describes the introduction of probability-based sample estimates for the wholesale trade component of the trade industry for the State and area data.

Benchmark methods

The Current Employment Statistics (CES), or nonfarm payroll, survey is a Federal/State cooperative program that provides employment, hours, and earnings estimates for States and areas on a timely basis by estimating the number of jobs in the population from a sample of that population. As in other sample surveys, estimates in the CES are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. Sampling error is an unavoidable byproduct of forming an inference about a population based on a sample. The larger the sample is relative to the population, the smaller the sampling error. The sample-to-population ratio varies across States and industries. Nonsampling error is not unique to sample surveys, as it includes errors in reporting and processing.

To help control both sampling and nonsampling error, the estimates are benchmarked annually to universe employment counts. These counts are derived primarily from employment data reported on unemployment insurance (UI) tax reports that nearly all employers are required to file with State Employment Security Agencies. Benchmark levels replace the original sample-based estimates from April of the previous year to March of the benchmark year for each month. For the current 2000 benchmark, estimates from April 1999 to March 2000 were replaced with UI-based universe counts. (New Jersey, now on the March 2000 benchmark, revised data to July 1998 as a result of changes to its UI system.) Once the new level for March 2000 had been determined, the appropriate sample links were applied to the new level, and the estimates were recalculated for April 2000 forward. The sample links capture the over-the-month change of the sample estimates. A sample link for a given month is calculated by dividing employment reported by survey respondents for that month by employment reported by those same respondents for the previous month. The links used during the benchmark process may differ slightly from those used to derive the original estimates, because they include data from respondents that reported too late for inclusion in the previously published estimates. This process was completed, and the revised data were released with the January 2001 estimates.

Improvements in the receipt of UI data and in the standardization of State operations have enabled nearly all States to replace estimates with UI data beyond March of the benchmark year. In the March 2000 benchmark, 7 States used third-quarter 2000 UI data (that is, through September 2000) in their benchmarking; 41 States and the District of Columbia used second-quarter 2000 UI data (through June 2000); and 2 States used first-quarter 2000 data (through March 2000). Recalculated sample links were then applied to these new levels to derive revised estimates for months after the replacement quarter.

Benchmark revisions

The percentage differences between March 2000 sample-based estimates and the revised March 2000 benchmark levels are commonly used to report the magnitude of the revisions. The average absolute percentage revision for State total nonfarm estimates was 0.7 percent for March 2000. This is slightly higher than the revisions for the last 5 years, when average absolute differences were 0.5 percent or smaller. The range of the percentage revisions for the States, at the total nonfarm level, was from -1.1 percent to 3.3 percent in 2000. Across the major industry divisions that make up total nonfarm employment, government had the lowest average absolute revision, 0.7 percent. Mining and construction had the highest revisions, with average absolute revisions of 4.4 and 3.3 percent, respectively. (See table 1.)

The direction of the revisions indicates whether the March 2000 benchmark levels were greater or less than the original sample-based estimates. Historically, State estimates have underestimated March employment levels during periods of economic growth and overestimated these levels during periods of economic decline. For the current benchmark, 36 States and the District of Columbia revised total nonfarm employment upward, while 14 States had downward revisions. (See table 2.) This widespread underestimation of employment is reflected by the mean 0.4-percent revision across all States for total nonfarm employment.

For metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) published by the CES program, the range of percentage revisions is from -4.3 to 6.0 percent, with an average absolute percentage revision of 1.1 percent across all MSAs.(1) This compares with a range of -1.1 to 3.3 percent and an average absolute percentage revision of 0.7 percent at the State level. Generally, as the size of the MSAs decrease, the range of percentage revisions increases, as does the average absolute percentage revision. (See table 3.) Metropolitan areas with 1 million employees or more had an average absolute revision of 0.8 percent, while metropolitan areas with fewer than 100,000 employees had an average absolute revision of 1.4 percent.

Introduction of State and area CES program sample redesign for wholesale trade

At its inception over 60 years ago, the original CES survey was based on a quota sample. Quota samples are now known to be at risk for potentially significant biases. Limitations of the quota sample design at times have contributed to large benchmark revisions and to a lack of consistency between national and sum-of-the-States employment trends. Introducing a probability-based sample more effectively ensures a proper representation of the universe of nonfarm business establishments through randomized selection techniques and improved estimation methodology. The redesign thus corrects a longstanding limitation of the CES sample.

The redesign results in a new sample composition, new estimation formula, and use of a net birth/death modeling technique to account for movements not captured in the sample. Finally, the redesign allows, for the first time, the calculation of sampling errors and confidence intervals–standard survey accuracy measures not available with a quota sample.(2)

The March 2000 benchmark revisions reflect the incorporation of the CES sample redesign for the State and area wholesale trade series only; the sample redesign for other series will be phased in over the next 2 years. The monthly wholesale trade series have been recomputed from the postbenchmark period of July-December 2000 forward using the new sample, weights, estimators, and net birth/death models. There are no series breaks or discontinuities from the transition because the employment series continue to be anchored to the UI universe-based levels.

The schedule for conversion to probability-based estimates for both the national and State and metropolitan area data is shown below in exhibit 1. The phase-ins are concurrent with the annual CES benchmark revision publications.

Exhibit 1. CES redesign implementation phase-in

schedule of probability-based estimates

National State and

Major industry division data area data

Wholesale trade June 2000 March 2001

Mining, construction, and manufacturing June 2001 March 2002

Transportation and public utilities;

finance, insurance, and real estate;

and retail trade June 2002 March 2003

Services June 2003 March 2003

The March 2003 phase-in for all remaining service-sector industries coincides with the transition from the 1987 SIC classification structure to the NAICS 2002 structure.

Seasonal adjustment

Coincident with the benchmark adjustments, seasonally adjusted employment data by State and major industry division were revised from 1996 forward to incorporate updated seasonal adjustment factors. BLS uses a two-step seasonal adjustment process for adjusting State nonfarm payroll employment estimates. This process uses UI seasonal trends to adjust the benchmark historical data, but incorporates sample seasonal trends to adjust the current sample-based estimates in the post-benchmark months. By accounting for the differing seasonal patterns of the benchmark data and the sample-based estimates, this technique yields an improved seasonally adjusted series for analyzing over-the-month employment change. Revised seasonally adjusted non farm payroll employment data for all States and the District of Columbia for the 1996-2000 period are available on the Internet. Data for the most recent 13 months are regularly shown in table B-7 of this publication.

Additional information

State and area annual averages for 1998-2000 by major industry are published in this issue, along with a detailed listing of the area definitions. Historical State and area employment, hours, and earnings data are available at http://www.bls.gov/datahome.htm, the BLS Internet site. Users may access the data via Anonymous FTP, Series Report, or Selective Access at this address. Any questions on how to access the data through the Internet should be directed to labstat.helpdesk@bls.gov. Inquiries for additional information on the methods or estimates derived from the CES survey should be sent to: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Room 4860, 2 Massachusetts Avenue, NE, Washington, DC 20212-0001. The telephone number is (202) 691-6559; fax (202) 691-6820. The e-mail address is DATA_SA@bls.gov.

[GRAPHS OMITTED]

Table 1. Differences between State employment estimates and

benchmarks by industry, March 1995-2000

Industry 1995 1996 1997

Average absolute percentage differences

Total nonfarm 0.5 0.5 0.4

Mining 6.0 3.3 4.2

Construction 3.1 2.8 2.4

Manufacturing 1.3 1.0 .8

Transportation 1.6 1.4 1.4

and public utilities

Wholesale and 1.0 1.3 .6

retail trade

Finance, insurance, 1.7 1.4 1.3

and real estate

Services 1.3 1.1 .9

Government 1.0 1.1 .7

Average percentage revisions

Total nonfarm:

Range -1.7: 1.5 -3.0: 1.7 -1.3: 1.3

Mean .4 -.2 .2

Standard deviation .9 .7 .5

Average absolute percentage differences

Industry 1998 1999 2000

Total nonfarm 0.5 0.5 0.7

Mining 3.1 5.3 4.4

Construction 2.5 2.5 3.3

Manufacturing .8 1.0 1.6

Transportation 1.3 1.8 1.7

and public utilities

Wholesale and .8 .9 1.1

retail trade

Finance, insurance, 1.5 1.8 1.4

and real estate

Services 1.0 1.1 1.2

Government .9 .7 .7

Average percentage revisions

Total nonfarm:

Range

Mean -1.2: 2.5 -1.3: 1.8 -1.1: 3.3

Standard deviation .1 .1 .4

.7 .6 .8

NOTE: The range indicates the lowest and highest percentage revision

at the total nonfarm level. The mean is the sum of all the items in a

series divided by the number of items. The standard deviation is a

widely used measure of dispersion. It measures the extent to which the

individual items in a series are scattered about the mean of the series

and indicates the reliability of the mean. For example, the March 1997

standard deviation (.5) is low, relative to that for March 1995 (.9).

This is an indication that there is higher variation among State total

nonfarm revisions in March 1995 (that is, the mean is less

representative of the group) than in March 1997 (that is, the mean is

more representative of the group). The standard deviation is found by

taking the difference of each item in a series from the mean of the

series, squaring each difference summing the squared differences,

dividing the result by the number of items, and obtaining the square

root of that figure.

Table 2. Percent differences between nonfarm payroll employment

benchmarks and estimates by State, March 1995-2000

State 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000

Alabama 1.1 0.1 0.6 0.3 -0.9 -1.0

Alaska -1.0 (1) 1.0 .7 -.6 .9

Arizona 1.5 1.7 -.1 -.3 (1) -.2

Arkansas -.2 -.1 (1) .2 .2 -.2

California 1.0 .3 -.2 -.2 (1) .7

Colorado 1.2 -.8 .6 .3 .8 -.3

Connecticut 1.4 -.3 .4 .1 .2 .1

Delaware 1.1 -.2 -.3 -.5 .2 -.2

District of Columbia -.6 -.4 -.2 .6 -.1 3.3

Florida (1) .2 .2 -.4 -.6 -1.1

Georgia (1) -.5 .5 -.1 .2 -.3

Hawaii .1 .5 .7 .1 .3 .9

Idaho -1.0 -.6 .5 .2 -.9 -.8

Illinois .6 -.6 .2 .1 -.2 .6

Indiana .7 -.1 .4 .4 -.2 .7

Iowa .5 -.1 -.2 -.3 -.6 -.1

Kansas (1) -.7 -.5 -.1 -1.0 -.5

Kentucky .4 (1) (1) -.1 .2 .2

Louisiana -1.7 -.3 -.1 -.3 -.8 .8

Maine (1) -.7 .4 .7 .6 .7

Maryland .9 .2 .5 1.4 .3 .2

Massachusetts .2 -.1 .3 -.9 .1 .6

Michigan .3 .8 .7 -.3 -.8 1.6

Minnesota .4 .4 -.4 .3 -.2 .6

Mississippi 1.3 .4 .1 .5 1.1 -.1

Missouri -1.0 -.3 .9 .2 .1 .2

Montana -.2 .2 -.1 -.1 (1) -.3

Nebraska .1 .9 -.3 -1.2 .7 1.4

Nevada .6 -1.3 -.4 -1.1 1.8 .1

New Hampshire -.1 .2 -1.3 2.5 .5 .8

New Jersey (1) -.2 .4 -.1 (2) 1.8

New Mexico .3 -3.0 (1) .7 -.5 .2

New York .5 -.3 .4 .9 .8 .2

North Carolina .2 .3 (1) -.4 .4 .1

North Dakota -.2 -.6 -.9 .1 (1) .7

Ohio .7 -.4 .4 .2 .5 .8

Oklahoma .6 .2 -.3 1.0 -.7 -.5

Oregon -.6 -.2 -.1 -.9 -1.3 .2

Pennsylvania .4 .1 -.3 .5 .7 1.2

Rhose Island 1.0 -1.4 .3 -.1 -.4 1.0

South Carolina .4 .1 1.1 -.2 -.1 (1)

South Dakota -.1 -2.0 .2 .1 .4 -.7

Tennessee .4 -.8 .6 -.2 .5 .5

Texas (1) -.5 1.3 .4 .1 .4

Utah .4 -.3 .8 -.7 (1) .2

Vermont .2 -.3 -.6 1.1 -.4 .9

Virginia -.1 .1 .5 -.8 .6 .7

Washington -.4 .3 .6 .3 -.1 1.1

West Virginia .1 -.2 -.2 -.2 -.3 .8

Wisconsin .9 .5 -.4 -.2 1.0 .7

Wyoming .3 -1.1 .5 1.6 1.4 1.9

(1) Less than 0.05 percent.

(2) Data for New Jersey were not benchmarked in 1999, due to

the unavailability of universe counts for that State.

Table 3. Benchmark revisions for total nonfarm employment

in metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), March 2000

MSAs grouped by level of total

nonfarm employment

Less than 100,000 to

Measure All MSAs 100,000 499,999

Number of MSAs 272 80 132

Average absolute percentage

revision 1.1 1.4 1.0

Range -4.3: 6.0 -4.3: 5.0 -3.4:6.0

Mean .3 .3 .3

Standard deviation 1.4 1.8 1.3

Measure 500,000 to More than

999,999 1 million

Number of MSAs 33 27

Average absolute percentage

revision 0.8 0.8

Range -1.2: 3.6 -1.2: 2.8

Mean .4 .5

Standard deviation 1.1 .9

Summary table A. Major labor force status categories,

seasonally adjusted

(Numbers in thousands)

2000

Category Apr. May June

Labor force status

Civilian noninstitutional

population 209,216 209,371 209,543

Civilian labor force 141,114 140,573 140,757

Percent of population 67.4 67.1 67.2

Employed 135,517 134,843 135,183

Percent of population 64.8 64.4 64.5

Unemployed 5,597 5,730 5,574

Not in labor force 68,102 68,798 68,786

Unemployment rates

All workers 4.0 4.1 4.0

Men, 20 years and over 3.3 3.3 3.2

Women, 20 years and over 3.6 3.8 3.7

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 12.8 12.8 11.9

White 3.5 3.5 3.4

Black 7.3 7.9 7.8

Hispanic origin 5.6 5.8 5.6

2000

Catergory July Aug. Sept.

Labor force status

Civilian noninstitutional

population 209,727 209,935 210,161

Civilian labor force 140,546 140,724 140,847

Percent of population 67.0 67.0 67.0

Employed 134,898 134,939 135,310

Percent of population 64.3 64.3 64.4

Unemployed 5,648 5,785 5,537

Not in labor force 69,181 69,211 69,314

Unemployment rates

All workers 4.0 4.1 3.9

Men, 20 years and over 3.2 3.3 3.3

Women, 20 years and over 3.7 3.7 3.5

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 13.4 14.2 12.9

White 3.5 3.6 3.5

Black 7.7 7.9 7.2

Hispanic origin 5.6 5.7 5.6

2000

Catergory Oct. Nov. Dec.

Labor force status

Civilian noninstitutional

population 210,378 210,577 210,743

Civilian labor force 141,000 141,136 141,489

Percent of population 67.0 67.0 67.1

Employed 135,464 135,478 135,836

Percent of population 64.4 64.3 64.5

Unemployed 5,536 5,658 5,653

Not in labor force 69,378 69,441 69,254

Unemployment rates

All workers 3.9 4.0 4.0

Men, 20 years and over 3.3 3.4 3.4

Women, 20 years and over 3.4 3.4 3.4

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 12.6 13.0 13.1

White 3.4 3.5 3.5

Black 7.4 7.5 7.6

Hispanic origin 5.0 6.0 5.7

2001

Category Jan. Feb.

Labor force status

Civilian noninstitutional

population 210,889 211,026

Civilian labor force 141,955 141,751

Percent of population 67.3 67.2

Employed 135,999 135,815

Percent of population 64.5 64.4

Unemployed 5,956 5,936

Not in labor force 68,934 69,275

Unemployment rates

All workers 4.2 4.2

Men, 20 years and over 3.6 3.5

Women, 20 years and over 3.6 3.7

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 13.8 13.6

White 3.6 3.7

Black 8.4 7.5

Hispanic origin 6.0 6.3

2001

Category Mar. Apr.

Labor force status

Civilian noninstitutional

population 211,171 211,348

Civilian labor force 141,868 141,757

Percent of population 67.2 67.1

Employed 135,780 135,354

Percent of population 64.3 64.0

Unemployed 6,088 6,402

Not in labor force 69,304 69,592

Unemployment rates

All workers 4.3 4.5

Men, 20 years and over 3.8 4.0

Women, 20 years and over 3.6 3.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 13.8 14.2

White 3.7 4.0

Black 8.6 8.2

Hispanic origin 6.3 6.5

Summary table B. Employment, hours, and earnings of production or

nonsupervisory workers on nonfarm payrolls, seasonally adjusted

(Numbers in thousands)

2000

Industry Apr. May June

Employment

Total 131,419 131,590 131,647

Total private 110,752 110,578 110,845

Goods-producing industries 25,725 25,684 25,700

Mining 539 539 539

Construction 6,694 6,666 6,668

Manufacturing 18,492 18,479 18,493

Service-producing industries 105,694 105,906 105,947

Transportation and public utilities 6,970 6,962 6,985

Wholesale trade 7,055 7,048 7,049

Retail trade 23,197 23,064 23,122

Finance, insurance, and real estate 7,610 7,600 7,588

Services 40,195 40,220 40,401

Government 20,667 21,012 20,802

Over-the-month change

Total 410 171 57

Total private 290 -174 267

Goods-producing industries -13 -41 16

Mining 3 0 0

Construction -32 -28 2

Manufacturing 16 -13 14

Service-producing industries 423 -212 41

Transportation and public utilities 17 -8 23

Wholesale trade 22 -7 1

Retail trade 170 -133 58

Finance, insurance, and real estate -11 -10 -12

Services 105 25 181

Government 120 345 -210

Hours of work(1)

Total private 34.6 34.4 34.5

Manufacturing 42.2 41.4 41.6

Overtime 4.9 4.5 4.6

Indexes of aggregate weekly

hours (1982=100)(1)

Total private 151.7 150.5 151.3

Manufacturing 107.9 106.0 106.4

Earnings(1)

Average hourly earnings, total private:

Current dollars $13.64 $13.66 $13.70

Constant (1982) dollars(2) 7.87 7.88 7.86

Average weekly earnings, total private 471.94 469.90 472.65

2000

Industry July Aug. Sept.

Employment

Total 131,607 131,528 131,723

Total private 111,001 111,018 111,232

Goods-producing industries 25,756 25,644 25,639

Mining 538 537 539

Construction 6,670 6,675 6,720

Manufacturing 18,548 18,432 18,380

Service-producing industries 105,851 105,864 106,064

Transportation and public utilities 7,010 6,941 7,037

Wholesale trade 7,050 7,062 7,070

Retail trade 23,196 23,191 23,179

Finance, insurance, and real estate 7,586 7,608 7,622

Services 40,403 40,572 40,685

Government 20,606 20,510 20,491

Over-the-month change

Total -40 -79 195

Total private 156 17 214

Goods-producing industries 56 -112 -5

Mining -1 -1 2

Construction 2 5 45

Manufacturing 55 -116 -52

Service-producing industries -96 33 200

Transportation and public utilities 25 -69 96

Wholesale trade 1 12 8

Retail trade 74 -5 -12

Finance, insurance, and real estate -2 22 14

Services 2 169 113

Government -196 -96 -19

Hours of work(1)

Total private 34.4 34.3 34.4

Manufacturing 41.7 41.4 41.3

Overtime 4.6 4.5 4.4

Indexes of aggregate weekly

hours (1982=100)(1)

Total private 151.4 150.9 151.4

Manufacturing 107.2 105.3 104.9

Earnings(1)

Average hourly earnings, total private:

Current dollars $13.75 $13.80 $13.83

Constant (1982) dollars(2) 7.87 7.90 7.87

Average weekly earnings, total private 473.00 473.34 475.75

2000

Industry Oct. Nov. Dec.

Employment

Total 131,789 131,842 131,878

Total private 111,325 111,437 111,443

Goods-producing industries 25,665 25,635 25,569

Mining 542 541 540

Construction 6,745 6,734 6,717

Manufacturing 18,378 18,360 18,312

Service-producing industries 106,124 106,207 106,309

Transportation and public utilities 7,046 7,060 7,086

Wholesale trade 7,087 7,093 7,085

Retail trade 23,193 23,238 23,245

Finance, insurance, and real estate 7,638 7,647 7,661

Services 40,696 40,764 40,797

Government 20,464 20,405 20,435

Over-the-month change

Total 66 53 36

Total private 93 112 6

Goods-producing industries 26 -30 -66

Mining 3 -1 -1

Construction 25 -11 -17

Manufacturing -2 -18 -48

Service-producing industries 40 83 102

Transportation and public utilities 9 14 26

Wholesale trade 17 6 -8

Retail trade 14 45 7

Finance, insurance, and real estate 16 9 14

Services 11 68 33

Government -27 -59 30

Hours of work(1)

Total private 34.4 34.3 34.1

Manufacturing 41.4 41.2 40.4

Overtime 4.5 4.3 3.9

Indexes of aggregate weekly

hours (1982=100)(1)

Total private 151.6 151.5 150.6

Manufacturing 105.0 104.3 101.9

Earnings(1)

Average hourly earnings, total private:

Current dollars $13.88 $13.96 $14.02

Constant (1982) dollars(2) 7.89 7.91 7.93

Average weekly earnings, total private 477.47 478.83 478.08

2001

Industry Jan. Feb.

Employment

Total 132,167 132,303

Total private 111,657 111,714

Goods-producing industries 25,641 25,563

Mining 547 551

Construction 6,874 6,888

Manufacturing 18,220 18,124

Service-producing industries 106,526 106,740

Transportation and public utilities 7,077 7,096

Wholesale trade 7,074 7,072

Retail trade 23,272 23,355

Finance, insurance, and real estate 7,676 7,690

Services 40,917 40,938

Government 20,510 20,589

Over-the-month change

Total 289 136

Total private 214 57

Goods-producing industries 72 -78

Mining 7 4

Construction 157 14

Manufacturing -92 -96

Service-producing industries 217 214

Transportation and public utilities -9 19

Wholesale trade -11 -2

Retail trade 27 83

Finance, insurance, and real estate 15 14

Services 120 21

Government 75 79

Hours of work(1)

Total private 34.3 34.2

Manufacturing 40.9 40.7

Overtime 4.1 3.9

Indexes of aggregate

weekly hours

(1982=100)(1)

Total private 151.9 151.3

Manufacturing 102.6 101.5

Earnings(1)

Average hourly earnings, total private:

Current dollars $14.02 $14.11

Constant (1982) dollars(2) 7.89 7.92

Average weekly earnings, total private 480.89 482.56

2001

Industry Mar.(p) Apr.(p)

Employment

Total 132,250 132,027

Total private 111,650 111,389

Goods-producing industries 25,500 25,336

Mining 553 557

Construction 6,904 6,840

Manufacturing 18,043 17,939

Service-producing industries 106,750 106,691

Transportation and public utilities 7,098 7,096

Wholesale trade 7,070 7,066

Retail trade 23,309 23,331

Finance, insurance, and real estate 7,708 7,716

Services 40,965 40,844

Government 20,600 20,638

Over-the-month-change

Total -53 -223

Total private -64 -261

Goods-producing industries -63 -164

Mining 2 4

Construction 16 -64

Manufacturing -81 -104

Service-producing industries 10 -59

Transportation and public utilities 2 -2

Wholesale trade -2 -4

Retail trade -46 22

Finance, insurance, and real estate 18 8

Services 27 -121

Government 11 38

Hours of work(1)

Total private 34.3 34.3

Manufacturing 40.7 40.7

Overtime 3.8 3.8

Indexes of aggregate

weekly (1982=100)(1)

Total private 151.7 151.3

Manufacturing 101.1 100.3

Earnings(1)

Average hourly earnings, total private:

Current dollars $14.17 $14.22

Constant (1982) dollars(2) 7.95 N.A.

Average weekly earnings, total private 486.03 487.75

(1) Data relate to private production or nonsupervisory workers.

(2) The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical

Workers (CPI-W) is used to deflate this series.

N.A. = not available.

(p) = preliminary.

NOTE: Establishment survey estimates are currently projected

from March 1999 benchmark levels. When more recent benchmark data are

introduced, all seasonally adjusted data from January 1996 forward are

subject to revision.

HOUSEHOLD DATA HISTORICAL

A-1. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional

population 16 years and over, 1968 to date

(Numbers in thousands)

Civilian labor force

Year Civilian Percent

and noninstitutional of

month population Number population

Annual averages

1968 132,028 78,737 59.6

1969 134,335 80,734 60.1

1970 137,085 82,771 60.4

1971 140,216 84,382 60.2

1972(1) 144,126 87,034 60.4

1973(1) 147,096 89,429 60.8

1974 150,120 91,949 61.3

1975 153,153 93,775 61.2

1976 156,150 96,158 61.6

1977 159,033 99,009 62.3

1978(1) 161,910 102,251 63.2

1979 164,863 104,962 63.7

1980 167,745 106,940 63.8

1981 170,130 108,670 63.9

1982 172,271 110,204 64.0

1983 174,215 111,550 64.0

1984 176,383 113,544 64.4

1985 178,206 115,461 64.8

1986(1) 180,587 117,834 65.3

1987 182,753 119,865 65.6

1988 184,613 121,669 65.9

1989 186,393 123,869 66.5

1990(1) 189,164 125,840 66.5

1991 190,925 126,346 66.2

1992 192,805 128,105 66.4

1993 194,838 129,200 66.3

1994(1) 196,814 131,056 66.6

1995 198,584 132,304 66.6

1996 200,591 133,943 66.8

1997(1) 203,133 136,297 67.1

1998(1) 205,220 137,673 67.1

1999(1) 207,753 139,368 67.1

2000(1) 209,699 140,863 67.2

Monthly data, seasonally adjusted(2)

2000:

April 209,216 141,114 67.4

May 209,371 140,573 67.1

June 209,543 140,757 67.2

July 209,727 140,546 67.0

August 209,935 140,724 67.0

September 210,161 140,847 67.0

October 210,378 141,000 67.0

November 210,577 141,136 67.0

December 210,743 141,489 67.1

2001:

January 210,889 141,955 67.3

February 211,026 141,751 67.2

March 211,171 141,868 67.2

April 211,348 141,757 67.1

Civilian labor force

Employed

Year Percent

and of Nonagricultural

month Number population Agriculture industries

Annual averages

1968 75,920 57.5 3,817 72,103

1969 77,902 58.0 3,606 74,296

1970 78,678 57.4 3,463 75,215

1971 79,367 56.6 3,394 75,972

1972(1) 82,153 57.0 3,484 78,669

1973(1) 85,064 57.8 3,470 81,594

1974 86,794 57.8 3,515 83,279

1975 85,846 56.1 3,408 82,438

1976 88,752 56.8 3,331 85,421

1977 92,017 57.9 3,283 88,734

1978(1) 96,048 59.3 3,387 92,661

1979 98,824 59.9 3,347 95,477

1980 99,303 59.2 3,364 95,938

1981 100,397 59.0 3,368 97,030

1982 99,526 57.8 3,401 96,125

1983 100,834 57.9 3,383 97,450

1984 105,005 59.5 3,321 101,685

1985 107,150 60.1 3,179 103,971

1986(1) 109,597 60.7 3,163 106,434

1987 112,440 61.5 3,208 109,232

1988 114,968 62.3 3,169 111,800

1989 117,342 63.0 3,199 114,142

1990(1) 118,793 62.8 3,223 115,570

1991 117,718 61.7 3,269 114,449

1992 118,492 61.5 3,247 115,245

1993 120,259 61.7 3,115 117,144

1994(1) 123,060 62.5 3,409 119,651

1995 124,900 62.9 3,440 121,460

1996 126,708 63.2 3,443 123,264

1997(1) 129,558 63.8 3,399 126,159

1998(1) 131,463 64.1 3,378 128,085

1999(1) 133,488 64.3 3,281 130,207

2000(1) 135,208 64.5 3,305 131,903

Monthly data, seasonally adjusted(2)

2000:

April 135,517 64.8 3,360 132,157

May 134,843 64.4 3,294 131,549

June 135,183 64.5 3,313 131,870

July 134,898 64.3 3,295 131,603

August 134,939 64.3 3,317 131,622

September 135,310 64.4 3,356 131,954

October 135,464 64.4 3,241 132,223

November 135,478 64.3 3,176 132,302

December 135,836 64.5 3,274 132,562

2001:

January 135,999 64.5 3,179 132,819

February 135,815 64.4 3,135 132,680

March 135,780 64.3 3,161 132,618

April 135,354 64.0 3,192 132,162

Civilian labor

force

Unemployed

Percent

Year of Not in

and labor labor

month Number force force

Annual averages

1968 2,817 3.6 53,291

1969 2,832 3.5 53,602

1970 4,093 4.9 54,315

1971 5,016 5.9 55,834

1972(1) 4,882 5.6 57,091

1973(1) 4,365 4.9 57,667

1974 5,156 5.6 58,171

1975 7,929 8.5 59,377

1976 7,406 7.7 59,991

1977 6,991 7.1 60,025

1978(1) 6,202 6.1 59,659

1979 6,137 5.8 59,900

1980 7,637 7.1 60,806

1981 8,273 7.6 61,460

1982 10,678 9.7 62,067

1983 10,717 9.6 62,665

1984 8,539 7.5 62,839

1985 8,312 7.2 62,744

1986(1) 8,237 7.0 62,752

1987 7,425 6.2 62,888

1988 6,701 5.5 62,944

1989 6,528 5.3 62,523

1990(1) 7,047 5.6 63,324

1991 8,628 6.8 64,578

1992 9,613 7.5 64,700

1993 8,940 6.9 65,638

1994(1) 7,996 6.1 65,758

1995 7,404 5.6 66,280

1996 7,236 5.4 66,647

1997(1) 6,739 4.9 66,837

1998(1) 6,210 4.5 67,547

1999(1) 5,880 4.2 68,385

2000(1) 5,655 4.0 68,836

Monthly data, seasonally

adjusted(2)

2000:

April 5,597 4.0 68,102

May 5,730 4.1 68,798

June 5,574 4.0 68,786

July 5,648 4.0 69,181

August 5,785 4.1 69,211

September 5,537 3.9 69,314

October 5,536 3.9 69,378

November 5,658 4.0 69,441

December 5,653 4.0 69,254

2001:

January 5,956 4.2 68,934

February 5,936 4.2 69,275

March 6,088 4.3 69,304

April 6,402 4.5 69,592

(1) Not strictly comparable with prior years. For an explanation, see

“Historical Comparability” under the Household Data section of the

Explanatory Notes and Estimates of Error.

(2) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

A-2. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional

population 16 years and over by sex, 1990 to date

(Numbers in thousands)

Civilian labor force

Civilian Percent Employed

Sex, year, noninstitutional of

and month population Number Population Number

Annual averages

MEN

1990(1) 90,377 69,011 76.4 65,104

1991 91,278 69,168 75.6 64,223

1992 92,270 69,964 75.8 64,440

1993 93,332 70,404 75.4 65,349

1994(1) 94,355 70,817 75.1 66,450

1995 95,178 71,360 75.0 67,377

1996 96,206 72,087 74.9 68,207

1997(1) 97,715 73,261 75.0 69,685

1998(1) 98,758 73,959 74.9 70,693

1999(1) 99,722 74,512 74.7 71,446

2000(1) 100,731 75,247 74.7 72,293

Monthly data, seasonally adjusted(2)

2000:

April 100,487 75,166 74.8 72,257

May 100,566 74,977 74.6 72,049

June 100,654 75,155 74.7 72,240

July 100,745 75,026 74.5 72,141

August 100,847 75,388 74.8 72,379

September 100,963 75,305 74.6 72,398

October 101,075 75,371 74.6 72,427

November 101,175 75,386 74.5 72,354

December 101,260 75,582 74.6 72,534

2001:

January 101,357 75,815 74.8 72,589

February 101,428 75,547 74.5 72,359

March 101,504 75,516 74.4 72,201

April 101,593 75,741 74.6 72,245

Annual averages

WOMEN

1990(1) 98,787 56,829 57.5 53,689

1991 99,646 57,178 57.4 53,496

1992 100,535 58,141 57.8 54,052

1993 101,506 58,795 57.9 54,910

1994(1) 102,460 60,239 58.8 56,610

1995 103,406 60,944 58.9 57,523

1996 104,385 61,857 59.3 58,501

1997(1) 105,418 63,036 59.8 59,873

1998(1) 106,462 63,714 59.8 60,771

1999(1) 108,031 64,855 60.0 62,042

2000(1) 108,968 65,616 60.2 62,915

Monthly data, seasonally adjusted(2)

2000:

April 108,729 65,948 60.7 63,260

May 108,805 65,596 60.3 62,794

June 108,889 65,602 60.2 62,943

July 108,983 65,520 60.1 62,757

August 109,088 65,336 59.9 62,560

September 109,198 65,542 60.0 62,912

October 109,303 65,629 60.0 63,037

November 109,402 65,750 60.1 63,124

December 109,483 65,907 60.2 63,302

2001:

January 109,532 66,140 60.4 63,410

February 109,598 66,204 60.4 63,456

March 109,667 66,352 60.5 63,578

April 109,756 66,016 60.1 63,109

Civilian labor force

Employed

Percent Unemployed

Sex, year, of Nonagricultural

and month Population Agriculture industries Number

Annual averages

MEN

1990(1) 72.0 2,546 62,559 3,906

1991 70.4 2,589 61,634 4,946

1992 69.8 2,575 61,866 5,523

1993 70.0 2,478 62,871 5,055

1994(1) 70.4 2,554 63,896 4,367

1995 70.8 2,559 64,818 3,983

1996 70.9 2,573 65,634 3,880

1997(1) 71.3 2,552 67,133 3,577

1998(1) 71.6 2,553 68,140 3,266

1999(1) 71.6 2,432 69,014 3,066

2000(1) 71.8 2,434 69,859 2,954

Monthly data, seasonally adjusted(2)

2000:

April 71.9 2,422 69,835 2,909

May 71.6 2,396 69,653 2,928

June 71.8 2,428 69,812 2,915

July 71.6 2,452 69,689 2,885

August 71.8 2,456 69,923 3,009

September 71.7 2,541 69,857 2,907

October 71.7 2,431 69,996 2,944

November 71.5 2,321 70,033 3,032

December 71.6 2,407 70,127 3,048

2001:

January 71.6 2,268 70,321 3,226

February 71.3 2,250 70,110 3,187

March 71.1 2,296 69,905 3,315

April 71.1 2,307 69,938 3,496

Annual averages

WOMEN

1990(1) 54.3 678 53,011 3,140

1991 53.7 680 52,815 3,683

1992 53.8 672 53,380 4,090

1993 54.1 637 54,273 3,885

1994(1) 55.3 855 55,755 3,629

1995 55.6 881 56,642 3,421

1996 56.0 871 57,630 3,356

1997(1) 56.8 847 59,026 3,162

1998(1) 57.1 825 59,945 2,944

1999(1) 57.4 849 61,193 2,814

2000(1) 57.7 871 62,044 2,701

Monthly data, seasonally adjusted(2)

2000:

April 58.2 938 62,322 2,688

May 57.7 898 61,896 2,802

June 57.8 885 62,058 2,659

July 57.6 843 61,914 2,763

August 57.3 861 61,699 2,776

September 57.6 815 62,097 2,630

October 57.7 810 62,227 2,592

November 57.7 855 62,269 2,626

December 57.8 867 62,435 2,605

2001:

January 57.9 912 62,498 2,730

February 57.9 885 62,570 2,749

March 58.0 865 62,713 2,774

April 57.5 885 62,225 2,907

Civilian

labor

force

Unemployed

Percent Not in

Sex, year, of labor of labor

and month force force

Annual averages

MEN

1990(1) 5.7 21,367

1991 7.2 22,110

1992 7.9 22,306

1993 7.2 22,927

1994(1) 6.2 23,538

1995 5.6 23,818

1996 5.4 24,119

1997(1) 4.9 24,454

1998(1) 4.4 24,799

1999(1) 4.1 25,210

2000(1) 3.9 25,484

Monthly data, seasonally

adjusted(2)

2000:

April 3.9 25,321

May 3.9 25,589

June 3.9 25,499

July 3.8 25,719

August 4.0 25,459

September 3.9 25,658

October 3.9 25,704

November 4.0 25,789

December 4.0 25,678

2001:

January 4.3 25,542

February 4.2 25,881

March 4.4 25,988

April 4.6 25,852

Annual averages

WOMEN

1990(1) 5.5 41,957

1991 6.4 42,468

1992 7.0 42,394

1993 6.6 42,711

1994(1) 6.0 42,221

1995 5.6 42,462

1996 5.4 42,528

1997(1) 5.0 42,382

1998(1) 4.6 42,748

1999(1) 4.3 43,175

2000(1) 4.1 43,352

Monthly data, seasonally

adjusted(2)

2000:

April 4.1 42,781

May 4.3 43,209

June 4.1 43,287

July 4.2 43,463

August 4.2 43,752

September 4.0 43,656

October 3.9 43,674

November 4.0 43,652

December 4.0 43,576

2001:

January 4.1 43,393

February 4.2 43,394

March 4.2 43,315

April 4.4 43,740

(1) Not strictly comparable with prior years. For an explanation,

see “Historical Comparability” under the Household Data section of

the Explanatory Notes and Estimates of Error.

(2) The population figures are not for seasonal variation.

HOUSEHOLD DATA SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

A-3. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional

population by sex and age, seasonally adjusted

(Numbers in thousands)

2000

Employment status,

sex, and age Apr. May June

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 209,216 209,371 209,543

Civilian labor force 141,114 140,573 140,757

Percent of

population 67.4 67.1 67.2

Employed 135,517 134,843 135,183

Employment-population

ratio 64.8 64.4 64.5

Unemployed 5,597 5,730 5,574

Unemployment rate 4.0 4.1 4.0

Not in labor force 68,102 68,798 68,786

Persons who currently

want a job 4,354 4,386 4,306

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 100,487 100,566 100,654

Civilian labor force 75,166 74,977 75,155

Percent of

population 74.8 74.6 74.7

Employed 72,257 72,049 72,240

Employment-population

ratio 71.9 71.6 71.8

Agriculture 2,422 2,396 2,428

Nonagricultural

industries 69,835 69,653 69,812

Unemployed 2,909 2,928 2,915

Unemployment rate 3.9 3.9 3.9

Not in labor force 25,321 25,589 25,499

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 92,303 92,408 92,546

Civilian labor force 70,776 70,662 70,785

Percent of population 76.7 76.5 76.5

Employed 68,473 68,315 68,489

Employment-population

ratio 74.2 73.9 74.0

Agriculture 2,248 2,228 2,262

Nonagricultural

industries 66,225 66,087 66,227

Unemployed 2,303 2,347 2,296

Unemployment rate 3.3 3.3 3.2

Not in labor force 21,527 21,746 21,761

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 108,729 108,805 108,889

Civilian labor force 65,948 65,596 65,602

Percent of population 60.7 60.3 60.2

Employed 63,260 62,794 62,943

Employment-population

ratio 58.2 57.7 57.8

Agriculture 938 898 885

Nonagricultural

industries 62,322 61,896 62,058

Unemployed 2,688 2,802 2,659

Unemployment rate 4.1 4.3 4.1

Not in labor force 42,781 43,209 43,287

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 100,809 100,929 101,007

Civilian labor force 61,856 61,582 61,561

Percent of population 61.4 61.0 60.9

Employed 59,651 59,264 59,282

Employment-population

ratio 59.2 58.7 58.7

Agriculture 871 846 829

Nonagricultural

industries 58,780 58,418 58,453

Unemployed 2,205 2,318 2,279

Unemployment rate 3.6 3.8 3.7

Not in labor force 38,953 39,347 39,446

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 16,104 16,034 15,991

Civilian labor force 8,482 8,329 8,411

Percent of population 52.7 51.9 52.6

Employed 7,393 7,264 7,412

Employment-population

ratio 45.9 45.3 46.4

Agriculture 241 220 222

Nonagricultural

industries 7,152 7,044 7,190

Unemployed 1,089 1,065 999

Unemployment rate 12.8 12.8 11.9

Not in labor force 7,622 7,705 7,580

2000

Employment status,

sex, and age July Aug. Sept.

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 209,727 209,935 210,161

Civilian labor force 140,546 140,724 140,847

Percent of

population 67.0 67.0 67.0

Employed 134,898 134,939 135,310

Employment-population

ratio 64.3 64.3 64.4

Unemployed 5,648 5,785 5,537

Unemployment rate 4.0 4.1 3.9

Not in labor force 69,181 69,211 69,314

Persons who currently

want a job 4,423 4,256 4,355

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 100,745 100,847 110,963

Civilian labor force 75,026 75,388 75,305

Percent of

population 74.5 74.8 74.6

Employed 72,141 72,379 72,398

Employment-population

ratio 71.6 71.8 71.7

Agriculture 2,452 2,456 2,541

Nonagricultural

industries 69,689 69,923 69,857

Unemployed 2,885 3,009 2,907

Unemployment rate 3.8 4.0 3.9

Not in labor force 25,719 25,459 25,658

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 92,642 92,754 92,863

Civilian labor force 70,782 71,029 71,053

Percent of population 76.4 76.6 76.5

Employed 68,495 68,710 68,728

Employment-population

ratio 73.9 74.1 74.0

Agriculture 2,280 2,276 2,350

Nonagricultural

industries 66,215 66,434 66,378

Unemployed 2,287 2,319 2,325

Unemployment rate 3.2 3.3 3.3

Not in labor force 21,860 21,725 21,810

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 108,983 109,088 109,198

Civilian labor force 65,520 65,336 65,542

Percent of population 60.1 59.9 60.0

Employed 62,757 62,560 62,912

Employment-population

ratio 57.6 57.3 57.6

Agriculture 843 861 815

Nonagricultural

industries 61,914 61,699 62,097

Unemployed 2,763 2,776 2,630

Unemployment rate 4.2 4.2 4.0

Not in labor force 43,463 43,752 43,656

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 101,111 101,209 101,321

Civilian labor force 61,535 61,265 61,486

Percent of population 60.9 60.5 60.7

Employed 59,273 58,992 59,344

Employment-population

ratio 58.6 58.3 58.6

Agriculture 797 808 764

Nonagricultural

industries 58,476 58,184 58,580

Unemployed 2,262 2,273 2,142

Unemployment rate 3.7 3.7 3.5

Not in labor force 39,576 39,944 39,835

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 15,974 15,972 15,977

Civilian labor force 8,229 8,430 8,308

Percent of population 51.5 52.8 52.0

Employed 7,130 7,237 7,238

Employment-population

ratio 44.6 45.3 45.3

Agriculture 218 233 242

Nonagricultural

industries 6,912 7,004 6,996

Unemployed 1,099 1,193 1,070

Unemployment rate 13.4 14.2 12.9

Not in labor force 7,745 7,542 7,669

2000

Employment status,

sex, and age Oct. Nov. Dec.

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 210,378 210,577 210,743

Civilian labor force 141,000 141,136 141,489

Percent of

population 67.0 67.0 67.1

Employed 135,464 135,478 135,836

Employment-population

ratio 64.4 64.3 64.5

Unemployed 5,536 5,658 5,653

Unemployment rate 3.9 4.0 4.0

Not in labor force 69,378 69,441 69,254

Persons who currently

want a job 4,377 4,351 4,532

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 101,075 101,175 101,260

Civilian labor force 75,371 75,386 75,582

Percent of

population 74.6 74.5 74.6

Employed 72,427 72,354 72,534

Employment-population

ratio 71.7 71.5 71.6

Agriculture 2,431 2,321 2,407

Nonagricultural

industries 69,996 70,033 70,127

Unemployed 2,944 3,032 3,048

Unemployment rate 3.9 4.0 4.0

Not in labor force 25,704 25,789 25,678

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 92,969 93,061 93,117

Civilian labor force 71,155 71,135 71,289

Percent of population 76.5 76.4 76.6

Employed 68,774 68,683 68,848

Employment-population

ratio 74.0 73.8 73.9

Agriculture 2,219 2,122 2,232

Nonagricultural

industries 66,555 66,561 66,616

Unemployed 2,381 2,452 2,441

Unemployment rate 3.3 3.4 3.4

Not in labor force 21,814 21,926 21,828

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 109,303 109,402 109,483

Civilian labor force 65,629 65,750 65,907

Percent of population 60.0 60.1 60.2

Employed 63,037 63,124 63,302

Employment-population

ratio 57.7 57.7 57.8

Agriculture 810 855 867

Nonagricultural

industries 62,227 62,269 62,435

Unemployed 2,592 2,626 2,605

Unemployment rate 3.9 4.0 4.0

Not in labor force 43,674 43,652 43,576

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 101,448 101,533 101,612

Civilian labor force 61,528 61,625 61,819

Percent of population 60.6 60.7 60.8

Employed 59,425 59,506 59,708

Employment-population

ratio 58.6 58.6 58.8

Agriculture 748 797 822

Nonagricultural

industries 58,677 58,709 58,886

Unemployed 2,103 2,119 2,111

Unemployment rate 3.4 3.4 3.4

Not in labor force 39,920 39,908 39,793

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 15,960 15,983 16,014

Civilian labor force 8,317 8,376 8,381

Percent of population 52.1 52.4 52.3

Employed 7,265 7,289 7,280

Employment-population

ratio 45.5 45.6 45.5

Agriculture 274 257 220

Nonagricultural

industries 6,991 7,032 7,060

Unemployed 1,052 1,087 1,101

Unemployment rate 12.6 13.0 13.1

Not in labor force 7,643 7,607 7,633

2001

Employment status,

sex, and age Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr.

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 210,889 211,026 211,171 211,348

Civilian labor force 141,955 141,751 141,868 141,757

Percent of

population 67.3 67.2 67.2 67.1

Employed 135,999 135,815 135,780 135,354

Employment-population

ratio 64.5 64.4 64.3 64.0

Unemployed 5,956 5,936 6,088 6,402

Unemployment rate 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.5

Not in labor force 68,934 69,275 69,304 69,592

Persons who currently

want a job 4,417 4,455 4,174 4,368

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 101,357 101,428 101,504 101,593

Civilian labor force 75,815 75,547 75,516 75,741

Percent of

population 74.8 74.5 74.4 74.6

Employed 72,589 72,359 72,201 72,245

Employment-population

ratio 71.6 71.3 71.1 71.1

Agriculture 2,268 2,250 2,296 2,307

Nonagricultural

industries 70,321 70,110 69,905 69,938

Unemployed 3,226 3,187 3,315 3,496

Unemployment rate 4.3 4.2 4.4 4.6

Not in labor force 25,542 25,881 25,988 25,852

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 93,184 93,227 93,285 93,410

Civilian labor force 71,492 71,288 71,261 71,575

Percent of population 76.7 76.5 76.4 76.6

Employed 68,916 68,761 68,534 68,706

Employment-population

ratio 74.0 73.8 73.5 73.6

Agriculture 2,122 2,154 2,150 2,117

Nonagricultural

industries 66,795 66,607 66,383 66,589

Unemployed 2,576 2,527 2,728 2,869

Unemployment rate 3.6 3.5 3.8 4.0

Not in labor force 21,692 21,939 22,023 21,836

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 109,532 109,598 109,667 109,756

Civilian labor force 66,140 66,204 66,352 66,016

Percent of population 60.4 60.4 60.5 60.1

Employed 63,410 63,456 63,578 63,109

Employment-population

ratio 57.9 57.9 58.0 57.5

Agriculture 912 885 865 885

Nonagricultural

industries 62,498 62,570 62,713 62,225

Unemployed 2,730 2,749 2,774 2,907

Unemployment rate 4.1 4.2 4.2 4.4

Not in labor force 43,393 43,394 43,315 43,740

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 101,643 101,686 101,779 101,870

Civilian labor force 62,126 62,220 62,412 62,132

Percent of population 61.1 61.2 61.3 61.0

Employed 59,894 59,932 60,178 59,741

Employment-population

ratio 58.9 58.9 59.1 58.6

Agriculture 852 839 819 847

Nonagricultural

industries 59,042 59,093 59,359 58,895

Unemployed 2,232 2,288 2,233 2,390

Unemployment rate 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.8

Not in labor force 39,516 39,466 39,367 39,738

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 16,063 16,113 16,108 16,068

Civilian labor force 8,337 8,243 8,195 8,050

Percent of population 51.9 51.2 50.9 50.1

Employed 7,188 7,122 7,067 6,907

Employment-population

ratio 44.7 44.2 43.9 43.0

Agriculture 205 143 191 229

Nonagricultural

industries 6,983 6,980 6,876 6,678

Unemployed 1,149 1,121 1,127 1,143

Unemployment rate 13.8 13.6 13.8 14.2

Not in labor force 7,726 7,870 7,913 8,018

(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in tables A-3

through A-13 will not necessarily add to totals because of the

independent seasonal adjustment of the various series.

A-4. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population

by race, sex, age, and Hispanic origin, seasonally adjusted

(Numbers in thousands)

Employment status, 2000

race, sex, age, and

Hispanic origin Apr. May June

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 174,092 174,197 174,316

Civilian labor force 117,800 117,329 117,477

Percent of population 67.7 67.4 67.4

Employed 113,710 113,240 113,493

Employment-population ratio 65.3 65.0 65.1

Unemployed 4,090 4,089 3,984

Unemployment rate 3.5 3.5 3.4

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force 60,052 60,038 60,101

Percent of population 77.0 76.9 77.0

Employed 58,377 58,343 58,429

Employment-population ratio 74.9 74.8 74.8

Unemployed 1,675 1,695 1,672

Unemployment rate 2.8 2.8 2.8

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force 50,581 50,276 50,262

Percent of population 60.6 60.2 60.2

Employed 48,994 48,633 48,654

Employment-population ratio 58.7 58.3 58.3

Unemployed 1,587 1,643 1,608

Unemployment rate 3.1 3.3 3.2

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force 7,167 7,015 7,114

Percent of population 56.4 55.2 56.0

Employed 6,339 6,264 6,410

Employment-population ratio 49.8 49.3 50.5

Unemployed 828 751 704

Unemployment rate 11.6 10.7 9.9

Men 12.9 10.9 11.7

Women 10.1 10.5 7.9

BLACK

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 25,135 25,161 25,191

Civilian labor force 16,586 16,577 16,573

Percent of population 66.0 65.9 65.8

Employed 15,376 15,264 15,277

Employment-population ratio 61.2 60.7 60.6

Unemployed 1,210 1,313 1,296

Unemployment rate 7.3 7.9 7.8

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force 7,338 7,273 7,283

Percent of population 72.9 72.2 72.1

Employed 6,843 6,755 6,777

Employment-population ratio 68.0 67.0 67.1

Unemployed 495 518 506

Unemployment rate 6.7 7.1 6.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force 8,272 8,348 8,324

Percent of population 65.7 66.2 65.9

Employed 7,784 7,786 7,781

Employment-population ratio 61.8 61.7 61.6

Unemployed 488 562 543

Unemployment rate 5.9 6.7 6.5

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force 976 956 966

Percent of population 39.5 38.7 39.1

Employed 749 723 719

Employment-population ratio 30.3 29.3 29.1

Unemployed 227 233 247

Unemployment rate 23.3 24.4 25.6

Men 23.7 27.4 31.5

Women 22.8 21.5 19.3

HISPANIC ORIGIN

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 22,231 22,292 22,355

Civilian labor force 15,327 15,294 15,320

Percent of population 68.9 68.6 68.5

Employed 14,463 14,411 14,456

Employment-population ratio 65.1 64.6 64.7

Unemployed 864 883 864

Unemployment rate 5.6 5.8 5.6

Employment status, 2000

race, sex, age, and

Hispanic origin July Aug. Sept.

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 174,443 174,587 174,745

Civilian labor force 117,298 117,554 117,553

Percent of population 67.2 67.3 67.3

Employed 113,201 113,378 113,464

Employment-population ratio 64.9 64.9 64.9

Unemployed 4,097 4,176 4,089

Unemployment rate 3.5 3.6 3.5

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force 59,982 60,363 60,259

Percent of population 76.7 77.2 76.9

Employed 58,317 58,681 58,529

Employment-population ratio 74.6 75.0 74.7

Unemployed 1,665 1,682 1,730

Unemployment rate 2.8 2.8 2.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force 50,328 50,083 50,256

Percent of population 60.2 59.9 60.0

Employed 48,700 48,442 48,700

Employment-population ratio 58.3 57.9 58.2

Unemployed 1,628 1,641 1,556

Unemployment rate 3.2 3.3 3.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force 6,988 7,108 7,038

Percent of population 55.0 56.0 55.4

Employed 6,184 6,255 6,235

Employment-population ratio 48.7 49.3 49.1

Unemployed 804 853 803

Unemployment rate 11.5 12.0 11.4

Men 12.5 13.1 12.2

Women 10.4 10.8 10.6

BLACK

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 25,221 25,258 25,299

Civilian labor force 16,501 16,540 16,489

Percent of population 65.4 65.5 65.2

Employed 15,232 15,239 15,304

Employment-population ratio 60.4 60.3 60.5

Unemployed 1,269 1,301 1,185

Unemployment rate 7.7 7.9 7.2

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force 7,306 7,331 7,307

Percent of population 72.3 72.4 72.0

Employed 6,811 6,802 6,832

Employment-population ratio 67.4 67.2 67.3

Unemployed 495 529 475

Unemployment rate 6.8 7.2 6.5

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force 8,234 8,249 8,231

Percent of population 65.1 65.1 64.9

Employed 7,714 7,734 7,750

Employment-population ratio 61.0 61.1 61.1

Unemployed 520 515 481

Unemployment rate 6.3 6.2 5.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force 961 960 951

Percent of population 39.0 39.0 38.6

Employed 707 703 722

Employment-population ratio 28.7 28.5 29.3

Unemployed 254 257 229

Unemployment rate 26.4 26.8 24.1

Men 25.7 31.7 26.7

Women 27.1 22.3 21.7

HISPANIC ORIGIN

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 22,422 22,488 22,555

Civilian labor force 15,243 15,312 15,513

Percent of population 68.0 68.1 68.8

Employed 14,384 14,439 14,647

Employment-population ratio 64.2 64.2 64.9

Unemployed 859 873 866

Unemployment rate 5.6 5.7 5.6

Employment status, 2000

race, sex, age, and

Hispanic origin Oct. Nov. Dec.

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 174,899 175,034 175,145

Civilian labor force 117,603 117,640 117,945

Percent of population 67.2 67.2 67.3

Employed 113,584 113,509 113,811

Employment-population ratio 64.9 64.8 65.0

Unemployed 4,019 4,131 4,134

Unemployment rate 3.4 3.5 3.5

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force 60,286 60,280 60,349

Percent of population 76.9 76.8 76.8

Employed 58,557 58,478 58,581

Employment-population ratio 74.7 74.5 74.6

Unemployed 1,729 1,802 1,768

Unemployment rate 2.9 3.0 2.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force 50,281 50,335 50,527

Percent of population 60.0 60.0 60.2

Employed 48,777 48,825 48,973

Employment-population ratio 58.2 58.2 58.4

Unemployed 1,504 1,510 1,554

Unemployment rate 3.0 3.0 3.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force 7,036 7,025 7,069

Percent of population 55.4 55.3 55.7

Employed 6,250 6,206 6,257

Employment-population ratio 49.2 48.9 49.3

Unemployed 786 819 812

Unemployment rate 11.2 11.7 11.5

Men 11.8 12.4 12.2

Women 10.5 10.9 10.7

BLACK

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 25,339 25,376 25,408

Civilian labor force 16,627 16,732 16,742

Percent of population 65.6 65.9 65.9

Employed 15,401 15,485 15,470

Employment-population ratio 60.8 61.0 60.9

Unemployed 1,226 1,247 1,272

Unemployment rate 7.4 7.5 7.6

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force 7,383 7,397 7,437

Percent of population 72.6 72.6 72.9

Employed 6,868 6,888 6,897

Employment-population ratio 67.5 67.6 67.6

Unemployed 515 509 540

Unemployment rate 7.0 6.9 7.3

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force 8,262 8,325 8,333

Percent of population 65.0 65.4 65.4

Employed 7,786 7,808 7,861

Employment-population ratio 61.3 61.3 61.7

Unemployed 476 517 472

Unemployment rate 5.8 6.2 5.7

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force 982 1,010 972

Percent of population 39.9 41.0 39.5

Employed 747 789 712

Employment-population ratio 30.4 32.1 28.9

Unemployed 235 221 260

Unemployment rate 23.9 21.9 26.7

Men 27.0 22.5 30.1

Women 21.2 21.3 23.4

HISPANIC ORIGIN

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 22,618 22,687 22,749

Civilian labor force 15,491 15,626 15,671

Percent of population 68.5 68.9 68.9

Employed 14,711 14,686 14,772

Employment-population ratio 65.0 64.7 64.9

Unemployed 780 940 899

Unemployment rate 5.0 6.0 5.7

Employment status, 2001

race, sex, age, and

Hispanic origin Jan. Feb. Mar.

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 175,246 175,326 175,416

Civilian labor force 118,276 118,287 118,243

Percent of population 67.5 67.5 67.4

Employed 114,015 113,902 113,853

Employment-population ratio 65.1 65.0 64.9

Unemployed 4,261 4,385 4,389

Unemployment rate 3.6 3.7 3.7

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force 60,494 60,487 60,358

Percent of population 77.0 76.9 76.7

Employed 58,571 58,561 58,366

Employment-population ratio 74.5 74.5 74.2

Unemployed 1,923 1,926 1,991

Unemployment rate 3.2 3.2 3.3

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force 50,794 50,854 50,910

Percent of population 60.5 60.6 60.6

Employed 49,270 49,155 49,318

Employment-population ratio 58.7 58.5 58.7

Unemployed 1,524 1,699 1,593

Unemployment rate 3.0 3.3 3.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force 6,988 6,945 6,975

Percent of population 55.1 54.6 54.8

Employed 6,174 6,186 6,169

Employment-population ratio 48.7 48.7 48.5

Unemployed 814 760 806

Unemployment rate 11.7 10.9 11.6

Men 13.3 12.6 11.8

Women 9.8 9.2 11.2

BLACK

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 25,382 25,412 25,441

Civilian labor force 16,773 16,691 6,789

Percent of population 66.1 65.7 66.0

Employed 15,372 15,440 15,348

Employment-population ratio 60.6 60.8 60.3

Unemployed 1,401 1,251 1,441

Unemployment rate 8.4 7.5 8.6

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force 7,430 7,374 7,404

Percent of population 73.0 72.4 72.6

Employed 6,918 6,887 6,776

Employment-population ratio 68.0 67.6 66.4

Unemployed 512 487 628

Unemployment rate 6.9 6.6 8.5

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force 8,340 8,336 8,418

Percent of population 65.4 65.3 65.9

Employed 7,731 7,854 7,885

Employment-population ratio 60.6 61.5 61.7

Unemployed 609 482 533

Unemployment rate 7.3 5.8 6.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force 1,002 981 968

Percent of population 40.8 39.8 39.2

Employed 723 699 688

Employment-population ratio 29.4 28.4 27.9

Unemployed 280 282 280

Unemployment rate 27.9 28.8 28.9

Men 26.9 31.7 27.7

Women 28.9 25.7 30.2

HISPANIC ORIGIN

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 22,769 22,830 22,889

Civilian labor force 15,540 15,653 15,770

Percent of population 68.2 68.6 68.9

Employed 14,612 14,673 14,782

Employment-population ratio 64.2 64.3 64.6

Unemployed 927 980 988

Unemployment rate 6.0 6.3 6.3

Employment status, 2001

race, sex, age, and

Hispanic origin Apr.

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 175,533

Civilian labor force 118,145

Percent of population 67.3

Employed 113,434

Employment-population ratio 64.6

Unemployed 4,711

Unemployment rate 4.0

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force 60,598

Percent of population 77.0

Employed 58,488

Employment-population ratio 74.3

Unemployed 2,110

Unemployment rate 3.5

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force 50,697

Percent of population 60.3

Employed 48,907

Employment-population ratio 58.2

Unemployed 1,790

Unemployment rate 3.5

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force 6,850

Percent of population 53.7

Employed 6,039

Employment-population ratio 47.3

Unemployed 812

Unemployment rate 11.8

Men 12.8

Women 10.8

BLACK

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 25,472

Civilian labor force 16,666

Percent of population 65.4

Employed 15,299

Employment-population ratio 60.1

Unemployed 1,367

Unemployment rate 8.2

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force 7,369

Percent of population 72.2

Employed 6,761

Employment-population ratio 66.2

Unemployed 608

Unemployment rate 8.2

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force 8,353

Percent of population 65.3

Employed 7,892

Employment-population ratio 61.7

Unemployed 460

Unemployment rate 5.5

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force 944

Percent of population 38.2

Employed 646

Employment-population ratio 26.1

Unemployed 299

Unemployment rate 31.6

Men 34.9

Women 28.6

HISPANIC ORIGIN

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 22,957

Civilian labor force 15,775

Percent of population 68.7

Employed 14,747

Employment-population ratio 64.2

Unemployed 1,028

Unemployment rate 6.5

(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Detail for the above race and Hispanic-origin groups will not

sum to totals because data for the “other races” group are not

presented and Hispanics are included in both the white and black

population groups.

A-5. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population

25 years and over by educational attainment, seasonally adjusted

(Numbers in thousands)

2000

Educational attainment Apr. May June

Less than a high school

diploma

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 28,069 28,096 28,227

Civilian labor force 11,986 11,966 12,035

Percent of

population 42.7 42.6 42.6

Employed 11,254 11,144 11,269

Employment-population

ratio 40.1 39.7 39.9

Unemployed 732 822 766

Unemployment rate 6.1 6.9 6.4

High school graduates, no

college(2)

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 58,015 57,746 57,581

Civilian labor force 37,563 37,187 37,037

Percent of

population 64.7 64.4 64.3

Employed 36,296 35,881 35,774

Employment-population

ratio 62.6 62.1 62.1

Unemployed 1,267 1,306 1,263

Unemployment rate 3.4 3.5 3.4

Less than a bachelor’s

degree(3)

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 43,896 44,153 44,250

Civilian labor force 32,686 32,964 33,003

Percent of population 74.5 74.7 74.6

Employed 31,827 32,105 32,075

Employment-population

ratio 72.5 72.7 72.5

Unemployed 859 859 928

Unemployment rate 2.6 2.6 2.8

College graduate

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 44,864 45,029 45,092

Civilian labor force 36,049 35,994 35,981

Percent of population 80.4 79.9 79.8

Employed 35,473 35,409 35,407

Employment-population

ratio 79.1 78.6 78.5

Unemployed 576 585 574

Unemployment rate 1.6 1.6 1.6

2000

Educational attainment July Aug. Sept.

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 27,888 28,306 28,346

Civilian labor force 12,249 12,264 12,301

Percent of

population 43.9 43.3 43.4

Employed 11,470 11,491 11,542

Employment-population

ratio 41.1 40.6 40.7

Unemployed 779 773 759

Unemployment rate 6.4 6.3 6.2

High school graduates, no

college(2)

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 57,144 56,882 57,244

Civilian labor force 37,003 36,743 36,815

Percent of

population 64.8 64.6 64.3

Employed 35,753 35,397 35,574

Employment-population

ratio 62.6 62.2 62.1

Unemployed 1,250 1,346 1,241

Unemployment rate 3.4 3.7 3.4

Less than a bachelor’s

degree(3)

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 44,724 44,616 44,191

Civilian labor force 32,916 33,039 32,952

Percent of population 73.6 74.1 74.6

Employed 32,014 32,137 32,093

Employment-population

ratio 71.6 72.0 72.6

Unemployed 902 902 859

Unemployment rate 2.7 2.7 2.6

College graduate

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 45,549 45,718 45,863

Civilian labor force 35,910 35,953 36,071

Percent of population 78.8 78.6 78.6

Employed 35,298 35,324 35,397

Employment-population

ratio 77.5 77.3 77.2

Unemployed 612 629 674

Unemployment rate 1.7 1.7 1.9

2000

Educational attainment Oct. Nov. Dec.

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 27,931 27,851 27,693

Civilian labor force 12,192 11,958 11,822

Percent of

population 43.7 42.9 42.7

Employed 11,408 11,171 11,077

Employment-population

ratio 40.8 40.1 40.0

Unemployed 784 787 745

Unemployment rate 6.4 6.6 6.3

High school graduates, no

college(2)

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 57,365 57,562 57,899

Civilian labor force 36,985 37,129 37,187

Percent of

population 64.5 64.5 64.2

Employed 35,707 35,830 35,906

Employment-population

ratio 62.2 62.2 62.0

Unemployed 1,278 1,299 1,281

Unemployment rate 3.5 3.5 3.4

Less than a bachelor’s

degree(3)

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 44,767 44,770 44,596

Civilian labor force 32,896 32,776 33,045

Percent of population 73.5 73.2 74.1

Employed 32,103 31,897 32,141

Employment-population

ratio 71.7 71.2 72.1

Unemployed 793 879 904

Unemployment rate 2.4 2.7 2.7

College graduate

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 45,785 45,706 45,839

Civilian labor force 36,022 36,237 36,460

Percent of population 78.7 79.3 79.5

Employed 35,431 35,674 35,894

Employment-population

ratio 77.4 78.1 78.3

Unemployed 591 563 566

Unemployment rate 1.6 1.6 1.6

2001

Educational attainment Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr.

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 27,957 27,191 27,564 28,326

Civilian labor force 12,008 12,074 12,103 12,371

Percent of

population 43.0 44.4 43.9 43.7

Employed 11,193 11,140 11,267 11,558

Employment-population

ratio 40.0 41.0 40.9 40.8

Unemployed 816 934 836 813

Unemployment rate 6.8 7.7 6.9 6.6

High school graduates, no

college(2)

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 58,092 57,617 57,660 57,456

Civilian labor force 37,415 37,309 37,189 37,053

Percent of

population 64.4 64.8 64.5 64.5

Employed 35,986 35,895 35,746 35,650

Employment-population

ratio 61.9 62.3 62.0 62.0

Unemployed 1,429 1,414 1,443 1,403

Unemployment rate 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.8

Less than a bachelor’s

degree(3)

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 44,313 45,263 45,182 44,653

Civilian labor force 33,102 33,079 33,241 33,044

Percent of population 74.7 73.1 73.6 74.0

Employed 32,121 32,197 32,360 32,065

Employment-population

ratio 72.5 71.1 71.6 71.8

Unemployed 981 882 881 978

Unemployment rate 3.0 2.7 2.7 3.0

College graduate

Civilian noninstitutional

population(1) 45,790 46,167 45,979 46,045

Civilian labor force 36,476 36,602 36,642 36,646

Percent of population 79.7 79.3 79.7 79.6

Employed 35,909 36,032 35,916 35,802

Employment-population

ratio 78.4 8.0 78.1 77.8

Unemployed 567 570 726 845

Unemployment rate 1.6 1.6 2.0 2.3

(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

(2) Includes high school diploma or equivalent.

(3) Includes the categories, some college, no degree; and associate

degree.

A-6. Employed and unemployed full- and part-time

workers by sex and age, seasonally adjusted

(Numbers in thousands)

2000

Full- and part-time

status, sex, and age Apr. May June

EMPLOYED

Full-time workers 112,821 112,202 112,330

Men, 16 years and over 65,000 64,785 65,010

Men, 20 years and over 63,526 63,285 63,443

Women, 16 years and over 47,749 47,405 47,412

Women, 20 years and over 46,701 46,351 46,332

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 2,594 2,566 2,555

Part-time workers 22,721 22,625 22,768

Men, 16 years and over 7,235 7,236 7,272

Men, 20 years and over 4,905 5,007 5,041

Women, 16 years and over 15,521 15,394 15,521

Women, 20 years and over 12,985 12,914 12,993

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 4,831 4,704 4,734

UNEMPLOYED

Looking for full-time work 4,461 4,537 4,427

Men, 16 years and over 2,416 2,460 2,461

Men, 20 years and over 2,068 2,149 2,100

Women, 16 years and over 2,065 2,088 2,011

Women, 20 years and over 1,774 1,845 1,848

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 619 543 479

Looking for part-time work 1,122 1,210 1,163

Men, 16 years and over 505 512 483

Men, 20 years and over 216 220 209

Women, 16 years and over 619 710 673

Women, 20 years and over 429 463 434

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 477 527 520

UNEMPLOYMENT RATES(1)

Full-time workers 3.8 3.9 3.8

Men, 16 years and over 3.6 3.7 3.6

Men, 20 years and over 3.2 3.3 3.2

Women, 16 years and over 4.1 4.2 4.1

Women, 20 years and over 3.7 3.8 3.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 19.3 17.5 15.8

Part-time workers 4.7 5.1 4.9

Men, 16 years and over 6.5 6.6 6.2

Men, 20 years and over 4.2 4.2 4.0

Women, 16 years and over 3.8 4.4 4.2

Women, 20 years and over 3.2 3.5 3.2

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 9.0 10.1 9.9

2000

Full- and part-time

status, sex, and age July Aug. Sept.

EMPLOYED

Full-time workers 112,165 112,130 112,459

Men, 16 years and over 65,042 65,204 65,057

Men, 20 years and over 63,520 63,676 63,588

Women, 16 years and over 47,280 46,974 47,407

Women, 20 years and over 46,199 45,978 46,348

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 2,446 2,476 2,523

Part-time workers 22,597 22,741 22,721

Men, 16 years and over 7,127 7,161 7,336

Men, 20 years and over 4,959 5,032 5,114

Women, 16 years and over 15,507 15,587 15,395

Women, 20 years and over 13,004 13,004 12,907

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 4,634 4,705 4,700

UNEMPLOYED

Looking for full-time work 4,422 4,601 4,423

Men, 16 years and over 2,400 2,480 2,458

Men, 20 years and over 2,073 2,105 2,114

Women, 16 years and over 1,990 2,139 1,989

Women, 20 years and over 1,810 1,908 1,767

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 539 588 542

Looking for part-time work 1,223 1,194 1,097

Men, 16 years and over 489 497 462

Men, 20 years and over 214 209 209

Women, 16 years and over 750 662 627

Women, 20 years and over 454 389 374

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 555 596 514

UNEMPLOYMENT RATES(1)

Full-time workers 3.8 3.9 3.8

Men, 16 years and over 3.6 3.7 3.6

Men, 20 years and over 3.2 3.2 3.2

Women, 16 years and over 4.0 4.4 4.0

Women, 20 years and over 3.8 4.0 3.7

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 18.1 19.2 17.7

Part-time workers 5.1 5.0 4.6

Men, 16 years and over 6.4 6.5 5.9

Men, 20 years and over 4.1 4.0 3.9

Women, 16 years and over 4.6 4.1 3.9

Women, 20 years and over 3.4 2.9 2.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 10.7 11.2 9.9

2000

Full- and part-time

status, sex, and age Oct. Nov. Dec.

EMPLOYED

Full-time workers 112,547 112,321 112,527

Men, 16 years and over 65,044 64,773 64,987

Men, 20 years and over 63,576 63,296 63,542

Women, 16 years and over 47,462 47,505 47,462

Women, 20 years and over 46,359 46,445 46,418

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 2,612 2,580 2,567

Part-time workers 22,937 23,208 23,413

Men, 16 years and over 7,373 7,535 7,507

Men, 20 years and over 5,174 5,406 5,291

Women, 16 years and over 15,574 15,621 15,889

Women, 20 years and over 13,067 13,053 13,359

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 4,696 4,749 4,763

UNEMPLOYED

Looking for full-time work 4,456 4,560 4,551

Men, 16 years and over 2,494 2,556 2,551

Men, 20 years and over 2,174 2,231 2,238

Women, 16 years and over 1,989 2,031 2,016

Women, 20 years and over 1,730 1,754 1,751

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 552 575 562

Looking for part-time work 1,087 1,096 1,122

Men, 16 years and over 460 480 499

Men, 20 years and over 206 219 212

Women, 16 years and over 616 610 624

Women, 20 years and over 369 363 352

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 512 514 558

UNEMPLOYMENT RATES(1)

Full-time workers 3.8 3.9 3.9

Men, 16 years and over 3.7 3.8 3.8

Men, 20 years and over 3.3 3.4 3.4

Women, 16 years and over 4.0 4.1 4.1

Women, 20 years and over 3.6 3.6 3.6

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 17.4 18.2 18.0

Part-time workers 4.5 4.5 4.6

Men, 16 years and over 5.9 6.0 6.2

Men, 20 years and over 3.8 3.9 3.9

Women, 16 years and over 3.8 3.8 3.8

Women, 20 years and over 2.7 2.7 2.6

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 9.8 9.8 10.5

2001

Full- and part-time

status, sex, and age Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr.

EMPLOYED

Full-time workers 112,877 112,540 112,996 112,494

Men, 16 years and over 64,975 64,851 64,731 64,652

Men, 20 years and over 63,559 63,487 63,309 63,269

Women, 16 years and over 47,733 47,623 48,244 47,849

Women, 20 years and over 46,711 46,583 47,218 46,851

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 2,607 2,470 2,469 2,374

Part-time workers 23,291 23,426 22,931 22,857

Men, 16 years and over 7,626 7,580 7,568 7,596

Men, 20 years and over 5,412 5,329 5,274 5,372

Women, 16 years and over 15,657 15,855 15,388 15,311

Women, 20 years and over 13,214 13,380 13,009 12,957

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 4,665 4,717 4,648 4,528

UNEMPLOYED

Looking for full-time work 4,768 4,738 4,907 5,048

Men, 16 years and over 2,684 2,647 2,868 2,888

Men, 20 years and over 2,341 2,311 2,489 2,583

Women, 16 years and over 2,090 2,080 2,056 2,149

Women, 20 years and over 1,847 1,894 1,836 1,923

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 580 532 582 542

Looking for part-time work 1,192 1,179 1,167 1,338

Men, 16 years and over 562 530 492 597

Men, 20 years and over 234 211 233 264

Women, 16 years and over 616 663 716 730

Women, 20 years and over 376 407 395 464

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 582 561 538 610

UNEMPLOYMENT RATES(1)

Full-time workers 4.1 4.0 4.2 4.3

Men, 16 years and over 4.0 3.9 4.2 4.3

Men, 20 years and over 3.6 3.5 3.8 3.9

Women, 16 years and over 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.3

Women, 20 years and over 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 18.2 17.7 19.1 18.6

Part-time workers 4.9 4.8 4.8 5.5

Men, 16 years and over 6.9 6.5 6.1 7.3

Men, 20 years and over 4.1 3.8 4.2 4.7

Women, 16 years and over 3.8 4.0 4.4 4.6

Women, 20 years and over 2.8 3.0 2.9 3.5

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 11.1 10.6 10.4 11.9

(1) These rates reflect a refined definition of the full- and

part-time labor force and differ from the rates published

elsewhere in this publication prior to 1994.

A-7. Employed persons by marital status, occupation, class

of worker, and part-time status, seasonally adjusted

(In thousands)

2000

Category

Apr. May June

MARITAL STATUS

Total 135,517 134,843 135,183

Married men, spouse present 43,321 43,306 43,364

Married women, spouse present 33,795 33,723 33,745

Women who maintain families 8,330 8,335 8,340

OCCUPATION

Managerial and professional

specialty 40,748 40,854 41,113

Technical, sales, and

administrative support 39,554 39,470 39,333

Service occupations 18,665 18,175 18,111

Precision production,

craft, and repair 14,595 14,886 14,950

Operators, fabricators,

and laborers 18,412 18,047 18,398

Farming, forestry,

and fishing 3,452 3,410 3,377

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture:

Wage and salary workers 2,042 2,013 2,051

Self-employed workers 1,257 1,246 1,187

Unpaid family workers 43 38 44

Nonagricultural industries:

Wage and salary workers 123,209 122,871 123,020

Private industries 104,041 103,787 104,184

Private households 977 934 926

Other industries 103,064 102,853 103,258

Government 19,168 19,084 18,836

Self-employed workers 8,727 8,708 8,660

Unpaid family workers 96 89 74

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(1)

All industries:

Part time for economic

reasons 3,135 3,240 3,125

Slack work or business

conditions 1,862 1,953 1,858

Could only find

part-time work 1,002 972 981

Part time for noneconomic

reasons 18,606 18,513 18,444

Nonagricultural industries:

Part time for economic

reasons 3,021 3,077 2,981

Slack work or business

conditions 1,791 1,831 1,760

Could only find

part-time work 975 952 982

Part time for noneconomic

reasons 18,043 17,957 17,897

2000

Category

July Aug. Sept.

MARITAL STATUS

Total 134,898 134,939 135,310

Married men, spouse present 43,308 43,375 43,321

Married women, spouse present 33,621 33,507 33,491

Women who maintain families 8,460 8,492 8,516

OCCUPATION

Managerial and professional

specialty 40,804 40,917 40,938

Technical, sales, and

administrative support 39,317 39,100 39,093

Service occupations 17,968 17,749 18,190

Precision production,

craft, and repair 15,191 15,189 15,083

Operators, fabricators,

and laborers 18,313 18,561 18,472

Farming, forestry,

and fishing 3,332 3,390 3,390

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture:

Wage and salary workers 2,065 2,048 2,018

Self-employed workers 1,189 1,241 1,274

Unpaid family workers 39 36 38

Nonagricultural industries:

Wage and salary workers 122,744 122,931 123,117

Private industries 104,152 104,287 104,114

Private households 821 781 824

Other industries 103,331 103,506 103,290

Government 18,592 18,644 19,003

Self-employed workers 8,619 8,618 8,786

Unpaid family workers 86 114 108

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(1)

All industries:

Part time for economic

reasons 3,110 3,170 3,188

Slack work or business

conditions 1,871 1,980 2,051

Could only find

part-time work 918 880 831

Part time for noneconomic

reasons 18,579 18,704 18,595

Nonagricultural industries:

Part time for economic

reasons 2,972 3,038 3,030

Slack work or business

conditions 1,773 1,901 1,940

Could only find

part-time work 896 861 817

Part time for noneconomic

reasons 18,052 18,142 18,024

2000

Category

Oct. Nov. Dec.

MARITAL STATUS

Total 135,464 135,478 135,836

Married men, spouse present 43,345 43,251 43,293

Married women, spouse present 33,622 33,633 33,635

Women who maintain families 8,449 8,495 8,501

OCCUPATION

Managerial and professional

specialty 40,745 41,083 41,078

Technical, sales, and

administrative support 39,521 39,616 39,853

Service occupations 18,555 18,471 18,550

Precision production,

craft, and repair 15,050 14,748 14,848

Operators, fabricators,

and laborers 18,305 18,184 18,171

Farming, forestry,

and fishing 3,318 3,238 3,357

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture:

Wage and salary workers 2,041 2,005 2,019

Self-employed workers 1,182 1,180 1,198

Unpaid family workers 32 25 34

Nonagricultural industries:

Wage and salary workers 123,461 123,632 123,813

Private industries 104,388 104,486 104,461

Private households 812 827 879

Other industries 103,576 103,659 103,582

Government 19,073 19,146 19,352

Self-employed workers 8,561 8,533 8,600

Unpaid family workers 136 128 121

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(1)

All industries:

Part time for economic

reasons 3,222 3,416 3,234

Slack work or business

conditions 1,909 2,183 1,964

Could only find

part-time work 947 886 896

Part time for noneconomic

reasons 18,758 18,896 18,993

Nonagricultural industries:

Part time for economic

reasons 3,044 3,285 3,088

Slack work or business

conditions 1,808 2,082 1,882

Could only find

part-time work 923 871 877

Part time for noneconomic

reasons 18,206 18,323 18,437

2001

Category

Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr.

MARITAL STATUS

Total 135,999 135,815 135,780 135,354

Married men, spouse present 43,134 43,340 43,385 43,516

Married women, spouse present 34,249 34,059 34,080 33,662

Women who maintain families 8,426 8,373 8,049 8,160

OCCUPATION

Managerial and professional

specialty 41,430 41,770 42,023 41,841

Technical, sales, and

administrative support 40,086 39,781 39,433 39,014

Service occupations 18,158 18,283 18,289 18,258

Precision production,

craft, and repair 14,889 14,970 14,895 14,834

Operators, fabricators,

and laborers 18,092 17,889 17,999 18,127

Farming, forestry,

and fishing 3,372 3,252 3,321 3,238

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture:

Wage and salary workers 1,983 1,839 1,910 1,902

Self-employed workers 1,182 1,291 1,231 1,223

Unpaid family workers 25 29 36 47

Nonagricultural industries:

Wage and salary workers 124,035 124,069 123,814 123,395

Private industries 105,192 104,966 104,680 104,541

Private households 859 823 881 812

Other industries 104,333 104,143 103,800 103,729

Government 18,843 19,103 19,134 18,854

Self-employed workers 8,698 8,617 8,784 8,608

Unpaid family workers 110 142 138 93

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(1)

All industries:

Part time for economic

reasons 3,327 3,273 3,164 3,201

Slack work or business

conditions 2,035 2,043 1,914 2,097

Could only find

part-time work 954 933 907 873

Part time for noneconomic

reasons 18,568 19,021 18,647 18,713

Nonagricultural industries:

Part time for economic

reasons 3,227 3,143 3,007 3,061

Slack work or business

conditions 1,971 1,970 1,828 1,985

Could only find

part-time work 945 910 877 864

Part time for noneconomic

reasons 18,040 18,509 18,132 18,176

(1) Persons at work excludes employed persons who were

absent from their jobs during the entire reference week

for reasons such as vacation, illness, or industrial

dispute. Part time for noneconomic reasons excludes

persons who usually work full time but worked only

1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons

such as holidays, illness, and bad weather.

A-8. Employed persons by age and sex, seasonally adjusted

(In thousands)

2000

Age and sex Apr. May June

Total, 16 years and over 135,517 134,843 135,183

16 to 24 years 20,614 20,283 20,650

16 to 19 years 7,393 7,264 7,412

16 to 17 years 2,803 2,749 2,896

18 to 19 years 4,594 4,513 4,536

20 to 24 years 13,221 13,019 13,238

25 years and over 114,826 114,543 114,509

25 to 54 years 97,161 96,863 96,834

55 years and over 17,601 17,627 17,690

Men, 16 years and over 72,257 72,049 72,240

16 to 24 years 10,770 10,590 10,732

16 to 19 years 3,784 3,734 3,751

16 to 17 years 1,432 1,407 1,475

18 to 19 years 2,366 2,324 2,301

20 to 24 years 6,986 6,856 6,981

25 years and over 61,439 61,462 61,499

25 to 54 years 51,766 51,723 51,800

55 years and over 9,641 9,705 9,695

Women, 16 years and over 63,260 62,794 62,943

16 to 24 years 9,844 9,693 9,918

16 to 19 years 3,609 3,530 3,661

16 to 17 years 1,371 1,342 1,421

18 to 19 years 2,228 2,189 2,235

20 to 24 years 6,235 6,163 6,257

25 years and over 53,387 53,081 53,010

25 to 54 years 45,395 45,140 45,034

55 years and over 7,960 7,922 7,995

2000

Age and sex July Aug. Sept.

Total, 16 years and over 134,898 134,939 135,310

16 to 24 years 20,380 20,587 20,784

16 to 19 years 7,130 7,237 7,238

16 to 17 years 2,644 2,748 2,765

18 to 19 years 4,468 4,489 4,473

20 to 24 years 13,250 13,350 13,546

25 years and over 114,485 114,375 114,579

25 to 54 years 96,785 96,640 96,751

55 years and over 17,706 17,864 17,814

Men, 16 years and over 72,141 72,379 72,398

16 to 24 years 10,611 10,704 10,746

16 to 19 years 3,646 3,669 3,670

16 to 17 years 1,321 1,386 1,377

18 to 19 years 2,295 2,277 2,277

20 to 24 years 6,965 7,035 7,076

25 years and over 61,521 61,703 61,665

25 to 54 years 51,804 51,833 51,836

55 years and over 9,730 9,907 9,804

Women, 16 years and over 62,757 62,560 62,912

16 to 24 years 9,769 9,883 10,038

16 to 19 years 3,484 3,568 3,568

16 to 17 years 1,323 1,362 1,388

18 to 19 years 2,173 2,212 2,196

20 to 24 years 6,285 6,315 6,470

25 years and over 52,964 52,672 52,914

25 to 54 years 44,981 44,807 44,915

55 years and over 7,976 7,957 8,010

2000

Age and sex Oct. Nov. Dec.

Total, 16 years and over 135,464 135,478 135,836

16 to 24 years 20,819 20,830 20,851

16 to 19 years 7,265 7,289 7,280

16 to 17 years 2,721 2,781 2,776

18 to 19 years 4,547 4,497 4,495

20 to 24 years 13,554 13,541 13,571

25 years and over 114,625 114,665 114,986

25 to 54 years 96,811 96,902 97,103

55 years and over 17,817 17,719 17,879

Men, 16 years and over 72,427 72,354 72,534

16 to 24 years 10,798 10,791 10,790

16 to 19 years 3,653 3,671 3,686

16 to 17 years 1,340 1,356 1,331

18 to 19 years 2,318 2,306 2,346

20 to 24 years 7,145 7,120 7,104

25 years and over 61,606 61,571 61,740

25 to 54 years 51,805 51,846 51,958

55 years and over 9,782 9,752 9,781

Women, 16 years and over 63,037 63,124 63,302

16 to 24 years 10,021 10,039 10,061

16 to 19 years 3,612 3,618 3,594

16 to 17 years 1,381 1,425 1,445

18 to 19 years 2,229 2,191 2,149

20 to 24 years 6,409 6,421 6,467

25 years and over 53,019 53,094 53,246

25 to 54 years 45,006 45,056 45,145

55 years and over 8,035 7,967 8,098

2001

Age and sex Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr.

Total, 16 years and over 135,999 135,815 135,780 135,354

16 to 24 years 20,842 20,661 20,467 20,277

16 to 19 years 7,188 7,122 7,067 6,907

16 to 17 years 2,637 2,680 2,642 2,581

18 to 19 years 4,555 4,469 4,445 4,337

20 to 24 years 13,654 13,539 13,399 13,370

25 years and over 115,254 115,209 115,340 115,057

25 to 54 years 97,205 97,125 97,237 96,783

55 years and over 18,102 18,075 18,089 18,173

Men, 16 years and over 72,589 72,359 72,201 72,245

16 to 24 years 10,797 10,585 10,512 10,530

16 to 19 years 3,673 3,598 3,668 3,539

16 to 17 years 1,297 1,344 1,353 1,325

18 to 19 years 2,397 2,280 2,331 2,227

20 to 24 years 7,124 6,987 6,844 6,991

25 years and over 61,807 61,818 61,735 61,717

25 to 54 years 51,898 51,901 51,808 51,650

55 years and over 9,970 9,907 9,928 9,998

Women, 16 years and over 63,410 63,456 63,578 63,109

16 to 24 years 10,045 10,076 9,955 9,747

16 to 19 years 3,515 3,524 3,400 3,368

16 to 17 years 1,339 1,336 1,288 1,256

18 to 19 years 2,159 2,189 2,113 2,110

20 to 24 years 6,530 6,552 6,555 6,379

25 years and over 53,448 53,391 53,604 53,340

25 to 54 years 45,307 45,225 45,429 45,133

55 years and over 8,132 8,168 8,161 8,176

A-9. Unemployed persons by age and sex, seasonally adjusted

(In thousands)

2000

Age and sex Apr. May June

Total, 16 years and over 5,597 5,730 5,574

16 to 24 years 2,128 2,189 2,068

16 to 19 years 1,089 1,065 999

16 to 17 years 490 517 449

18 to 19 years 596 549 545

20 to 24 years 1,039 1,124 1,069

25 years and over 3,461 3,540 3,512

25 to 54 years 2,979 3,112 3,105

55 years and over 431 450 431

Men, 16 years and over 2,909 2,928 2,915

16 to 24 years 1,161 1,182 1,141

16 to 19 years 606 581 619

16 to 17 years 273 284 278

18 to 19 years 335 300 345

20 to 24 years 555 601 522

25 years and over 1,754 1,762 1,778

25 to 54 years 1,485 1,510 1,553

55 years and over 265 257 232

Women, 16 years and over 2,688 2,802 2,659

16 to 24 years 967 1,007 927

16 to 19 years 483 484 380

16 to 17 years 217 233 171

18 to 19 years 261 249 200

20 to 24 years 484 523 547

25 years and over 1,707 1,778 1,734

25 to 54 years 1,494 1,602 1,552

55 years and over 166 193 199

2000

And and sex July Aug. Sept.

Total, 16 years and over 5,648 5,785 5,537

16 to 24 years 2,077 2,143 2,023

16 to 19 years 1,099 1,193 1,070

16 to 17 years 514 560 515

18 to 19 years 578 646 559

20 to 24 years 978 950 953

25 years and over 3,550 3,669 3,520

25 to 54 years 3,107 3,198 3,012

55 years and over 436 488 488

Men, 16 years and over 2,885 3,009 2,907

16 to 24 years 1,127 1,213 1,125

16 to 19 years 598 690 582

16 to 17 years 281 285 292

18 to 19 years 313 407 288

20 to 24 years 529 523 543

25 years and over 1,767 1,798 1,790

25 to 54 years 1,506 1,553 1,522

55 years and over 243 278 259

Women, 16 years and over 2,763 2,776 2,630

16 to 24 years 950 930 898

16 to 19 years 501 503 488

16 to 17 years 233 275 223

18 to 19 years 265 239 271

20 to 24 years 449 427 410

25 years and over 1,783 1,871 1,730

25 to 54 years 1,601 1,645 1,490

55 years and over 193 210 229

2000

Age and sex Oct. Nov. Dec.

Total, 16 years and over 5,536 5,658 5,653

16 to 24 years 2,044 2,081 2,118

16 to 19 years 1,052 1,087 1,101

16 to 17 years 488 507 519

18 to 19 years 570 579 592

20 to 24 years 992 994 1,017

25 years and over 3,481 3,554 3,515

25 to 54 years 2,979 3,043 3,009

55 years and over 510 520 481

Men, 16 years and over 2,944 3,032 3,048

16 to 24 years 1,122 1,139 1,159

16 to 19 years 563 580 607

16 to 17 years 286 287 300

18 to 19 years 277 293 310

20 to 24 years 559 559 552

25 years and over 1,814 1,873 1,878

25 to 54 years 1,538 1,572 1,562

55 years and over 280 296 285

Women, 16 years and over 2,592 2,626 2,605

16 to 24 years 922 942 959

16 to 19 years 489 507 494

16 to 17 years 202 220 219

18 to 19 years 293 286 282

20 to 24 years 433 435 465

25 years and over 1,667 1,681 1,637

25 to 54 years 1,441 1,471 1,447

55 years and over 230 224 196

2001

Age and sex Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr.

Total, 16 years and over 5,956 5,936 6,088 6,402

16 to 24 years 2,205 2,167 2,263 2,349

16 to 19 years 1,149 1,121 1,127 1,143

16 to 17 years 554 555 502 518

18 to 19 years 595 550 624 626

20 to 24 years 1,056 1,046 1,135 1,206

25 years and over 3,767 3,766 3,844 4,043

25 to 54 years 3,262 3,262 3,373 3,472

55 years and over 509 519 481 517

Men, 16 years and over 3,226 3,187 3,315 3,496

16 to 24 years 1,234 1,282 1,285 1,293

16 to 19 years 650 660 587 627

16 to 17 years 335 306 250 305

18 to 19 years 320 343 338 326

20 to 24 years 584 622 698 666

25 years and over 1,987 1,891 2,046 2,208

25 to 54 years 1,679 1,619 1,745 1,900

55 years and over 303 291 294 298

Women, 16 years and over 2,730 2,749 2,774 2,907

16 to 24 years 971 885 978 1,055

16 to 19 years 498 460 540 516

16 to 17 years 219 250 252 213

18 to 19 years 274 208 285 300

20 to 24 years 472 424 438 539

25 years and over 1,780 1,875 1,798 1,834

25 to 54 years 1,583 1,643 1,628 1,572

55 years and over 205 228 188 219

A-10. Unemployment rates by age and sex, seasonally adjusted

(Percent)

2000

Age and sex Apr. May June July Aug.

Total, 16 years and over 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.1

16 to 24 years 9.4 9.7 9.1 9.2 9.4

16 to 19 years 12.8 12.8 11.9 13.4 14.2

16 to 17 years 14.9 15.8 13.4 16.3 16.9

18 to 19 years 11.5 10.8 10.7 11.5 12.6

20 to 24 years 7.3 7.9 7.5 6.9 6.6

25 years and over 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.1

25 to 54 years 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.2

55 years and over 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.7

Men, 16 years and over 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.8 4.0

16 to 24 years 9.7 10.0 9.6 9.6 10.2

16 to 19 years 13.8 13.5 14.2 14.1 15.8

16 to 17 years 16.0 16.8 15.9 17.5 17.1

18 to 19 years 12.4 11.4 13.0 12.0 15.2

20 to 24 years 7.4 8.1 7.0 7.1 6.9

25 years and over 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8

25 to 54 years 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.9

55 years and over 2.7 2.6 2.3 2.4 2.7

Women, 16 years and over 4.1 4.3 4.1 4.2 4.2

16 to 24 years 8.9 9.4 8.5 8.9 8.6

16 to 19 years 11.8 12.1 9.4 12.6 12.4

16 to 17 years 13.7 14.8 10.7 15.0 16.8

18 to 19 years 10.5 10.2 8.2 10.9 9.8

20 to 24 years 7.2 7.8 8.0 6.7 6.3

25 years and over 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.4

25 to 54 years 3.2 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.5

55 years and over 2.0 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.6

2000

Age and sex Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec.

Total, 16 years and over 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.0

16 to 24 years 8.9 8.9 9.1 9.2

16 to 19 years 12.9 12.6 13.0 13.1

16 to 17 years 15.7 15.2 15.4 15.8

18 to 19 years 11.1 11.1 11.4 11.6

20 to 24 years 6.6 6.8 6.8 7.0

25 years and over 3.0 2.9 3.0 3.0

25 to 54 years 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0

55 years and over 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.6

Men, 16 years and over 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.0

16 to 24 years 9.5 9.4 9.5 9.7

16 to 19 years 13.7 13.4 13.6 14.1

16 to 17 years 17.5 17.6 17.5 18.4

18 to 19 years 11.2 10.7 11.3 11.7

20 to 24 years 7.1 7.3 7.3 7.2

25 years and over 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.0

25 to 54 years 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9

55 years and over 2.6 2.8 2.9 2.8

Women, 16 years and over 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.0

16 to 24 years 8.2 8.4 8.6 8.7

16 to 19 years 12.0 11.9 12.3 12.1

16 to 17 years 13.8 12.8 13.4 13.2

18 to 19 years 11.0 11.6 11.5 11.6

20 to 24 years 6.0 6.3 6.3 6.7

25 years and over 3.2 3.0 3.1 3.0

25 to 54 years 3.2 3.1 3.2 3.1

55 years and over 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.4

2001

Age and sex Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr.

Total, 16 years and over 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.5

16 to 24 years 9.6 9.5 10.0 10.4

16 to 19 years 13.8 13.6 13.8 14.2

16 to 17 years 17.4 17.2 16.0 16.7

18 to 19 years 11.5 11.0 12.3 12.6

20 to 24 years 7.2 7.2 7.8 8.3

25 years and over 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.4

25 to 54 years 3.2 3.2 3.4 3.5

55 years and over 2.7 2.8 2.6 2.8

Men, 16 years and over 4.3 4.2 4.4 4.6

16 to 24 years 10.3 10.8 10.9 10.9

16 to 19 years 15.0 15.5 13.8 15.1

16 to 17 years 20.5 18.5 15.6 18.7

18 to 19 years 11.8 13.1 12.7 12.8

20 to 24 years 7.6 8.2 9.3 8.7

25 years and over 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.5

25 to 54 years 3.1 3.0 3.3 3.5

55 years and over 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9

Women, 16 years and over 4.1 4.2 4.2 4.4

16 to 24 years 8.8 8.1 8.9 9.8

16 to 19 years 12.4 11.6 13.7 13.3

16 to 17 years 14.1 15.7 16.4 14.5

18 to 19 years 11.3 8.7 11.9 12.4

20 to 24 years 6.7 6.1 6.3 7.8

25 years and over 3.2 3.4 3.2 3.3

25 to 54 years 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.4

55 years and over 2.5 2.7 2.2 2.6

A-11, Unemployment rates by occupation, industry, and selected

demographic characteristics, seasonally adjusted

(Percent)

2000

Category Apr. May June July Aug.

CHARACTERISTIC

Total 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.1

Men, 20 years and over 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.3

Women, 20 years and over 3.6 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.7

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 12.8 12.8 11.9 13.4 14.2

White 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.6

Black and other 6.5 7.1 6.9 6.7 6.9

Black 7.3 7.9 7.8 7.7 7.9

Hispanic origin 5.6 5.8 5.6 5.6 5.7

Married men, spouse present 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0

Married women, spouse present 2.7 2.8 2.6 2.7 2.8

Women who maintain families 6.2 6.3 6.0 5.7 6.0

OCCUPATION(1)

Managerial and professional

specialty 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8

Technical, sales, and

administrative support 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.6 4.0

Precision production, craft, and

repair 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.3

Operators, fabricators, and

laborers 6.5 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.3

Farming, forestry, and fishing 6.9 5.5 5.3 5.8 6.4

INDUSTRY

Nonagricultural private wage

and salary workers 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.1 4.1

Goods-producing industries 4.3 4.3 4.1 4.3 4.3

Mining 3.0 4.1 3.9 4.5 4.3

Construction 5.4 5.9 6.0 6.0 6.4

Manufacturing 4.0 3.7 3.4 3.6 3.5

Durable goods 3.9 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.1

Nondurable goods 4.1 3.8 3.2 4.0 4.1

Service-producing

industries 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.0

Transportation and public

utilities 3.0 3.2 2.9 3.1 3.1

Wholesale and retail trade 5.0 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.1

Finance, insurance, and real

estate 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.4

Services 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.8

Government workers 1.7 2.0 2.5 2.1 2.3

Agricultural wage and salary

workers 8.3 7.4 7.2 7.2 8.0

2000

Category Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec.

CHARACTERISTIC

Total 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.0

Men, 20 years and over 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.4

Women, 20 years and over 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.4

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 12.9 12.6 13.0 13.1

White 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.5

Black and other 6.2 6.5 6.4 6.4

Black 7.2 7.4 7.5 7.6

Hispanic origin 5.6 5.0 6.0 5.7

Married men, spouse present 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2

Married women, spouse present 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.6

Women who maintain families 5.4 5.4 5.2 5.1

OCCUPATION(1)

Managerial and professional

specialty 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7

Technical, sales, and

administrative support 3.4 3.6 3.6 3.5

Precision production, craft, and

repair 3.5 3.4 3.7 3.7

Operators, fabricators, and

laborers 6.2 6.4 6.3 6.4

Farming, forestry, and fishing 5.9 6.7 7.1 6.3

INDUSTRY

Nonagricultural private wage

and salary workers 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0

Goods-producing industries 4.4 4.7 4.5 4.4

Mining 5.0 7.1 3.5 3.6

Construction 6.4 6.5 6.9 6.5

Manufacturing 3.6 4.0 3.6 3.6

Durable goods 3.2 3.8 3.5 3.4

Nondurable goods 4.3 4.3 3.9 4.0

Service-producing

industries 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.8

Transportation and public

utilities 3.2 2.8 2.6 3.2

Wholesale and retail trade 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.8

Finance, insurance, and real

estate 2.1 2.3 1.9 2.1

Services 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.6

Government workers 2.1 2.0 2.3 2.2

Agricultural wage and salary

workers 7.9 8.8 9.4 8.9

2001

Category Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr.

CHARACTERISTIC

Total 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.5

Men, 20 years and over 3.6 3.5 3.8 4.0

Women, 20 years and over 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 13.8 13.6 13.8 14.2

White 3.6 3.7 3.7 4.0

Black and other 7.1 6.6 7.3 7.1

Black 8.4 7.5 8.6 8.2

Hispanic origin 6.0 6.3 6.3 6.5

Married men, spouse present 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.5

Married women, spouse present 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.9

Women who maintain families 6.4 6.1 6.2 6.3

OCCUPATION(1)

Managerial and professional

specialty 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.1

Technical, sales, and

administrative support 3.4 3.5 3.7 4.1

Precision production, craft, and

repair 3.7 3.7 3.5 4.5

Operators, fabricators, and

laborers 7.1 7.3 7.4 6.8

Farming, forestry, and fishing 6.5 7.2 9.1 7.5

INDUSTRY

Nonagricultural private wage

and salary workers 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.6

Goods-producing industries 4.9 6.2 5.3 5.3

Mining 2.2 4.6 3.5 5.1

Construction 6.8 7.0 6.2 7.1

Manufacturing 4.2 4.5 5.0 4.6

Durable goods 4.2 4.2 5.0 4.3

Nondurable goods 4.3 5.0 5.0 5.1

Service-producing

industries 4.0 4.2 4.3 4.4

Transportation and public

utilities 2.8 2.9 3.1 4.1

Wholesale and retail trade 5.0 5.1 5.3 5.3

Finance, insurance, and real

estate 2.3 2.5 2.6 2.7

Services 4.0 4.2 4.1 4.1

Government workers 2.2 1.5 2.1 2.3

Agricultural wage and salary

workers 9.0 9.2 11.3 9.2

(1) Seasonally adjusted data for service occupations are not available

because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the

trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with

sufficient precision.

A-12. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment,

seasonally adjusted

(Numbers in thousands)

2000

Reason

Apr. May June July Aug.

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who

completed temporary jobs 2,402 2,460 2,439 2,450 2,585

On temporary layoff 723 875 917 857 907

Not on temporary layoff 1,679 1,585 1,522 1,593 1,678

Job leavers 812 776 692 788 780

Reentrants 1,967 2,052 2,042 1,960 1,930

New entrants 411 477 416 412 503

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who

completed temporary jobs 43.0 42.7 43.6 43.7 44.6

On temporary layoff 12.9 15.2 16.4 15.3 15.6

Not on temporary layoff 30.0 27.5 27.2 28.4 28.9

Job leavers 14.5 13.5 12.4 14.0 13.5

Reentrants 35.2 35.6 36.5 34.9 33.3

New entrants 7.3 8.3 7.4 7.3 8.7

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF

THE CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who

completed temporary jobs 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8

Job leavers .6 .6 .5 .6 .6

Reentrants 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4

New entrants .3 .3 .3 .3 .4

2000

Reason

Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec.

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who

completed temporary jobs 2,502 2,446 2,501 2,514

On temporary layoff 837 825 877 937

Not on temporary layoff 1,665 1,621 1,624 1,577

Job leavers 756 815 768 746

Reentrants 1,798 1,868 1,936 1,899

New entrants 429 398 429 466

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who

completed temporary jobs 45.6 44.3 44.4 44.7

On temporary layoff 15.3 14.9 15.6 16.7

Not on temporary layoff 30.4 29.3 28.8 28.0

Job leavers 13.8 14.7 13.6 13.3

Reentrants 32.8 33.8 34.4 33.8

New entrants 7.8 7.2 7.6 8.3

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF

THE CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who

completed temporary jobs 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8

Job leavers .5 .6 .5 .5

Reentrants 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3

New entrants .3 .3 .3 .3

2001

Reason

Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr.

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who

completed temporary jobs 2,742 2,853 2,963 3,199

On temporary layoff 1,032 945 991 1,053

Not on temporary layoff 1,711 1,908 1,972 2,146

Job leavers 838 820 814 749

Reentrants 1,956 1,927 1,908 2,005

New entrants 446 372 386 462

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who

completed temporary jobs 45.8 47.8 48.8 49.9

On temporary layoff 17.2 15.8 16.3 16.4

Not on temporary layoff 28.6 32.0 32.5 33.5

Job leavers 14.0 13.7 13.4 11.7

Reentrants 32.7 32.3 31.4 31.3

New entrants 7.4 6.2 6.4 7.2

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF

THE CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who

completed temporary jobs 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.3

Job leavers .6 .6 .6 .5

Reentrants 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4

New entrants .3 .3 .3 .3

A-13. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment,

seasonally adjusted

(Numbers in thousands)

2000

Duration

Apr. May June July Aug.

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks 2,500 2,536 2,572 2,493 2,567

5 to 14 weeks 1,835 1,901 1,776 1,811 1,832

15 weeks and over 1,274 1,325 1,260 1,319 1,373

15 to 26 weeks 660 670 609 650 673

27 weeks and over 614 655 651 669 700

Average (mean) duration,

in weeks 12.5 12.6 12.5 13.2 13.0

Median duration, in weeks 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9 6.1

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Total unemployed 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Less than 5 weeks 44.6 44.0 45.9 44.3 44.5

5 to 14 weeks 32.7 33.0 31.7 32.2 31.7

15 weeks and over 22.7 23.0 22.5 23.5 23.8

15 to 26 weeks 11.8 11.6 10.9 11.6 11.7

27 weeks and over 10.9 11.4 11.6 11.9 12.1

2000

Duration

Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec.

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks 2,498 2,510 2,531 2,440

5 to 14 weeks 1,750 1,755 1,796 1,852

15 weeks and over 1,247 1,311 1,317 1,326

15 to 26 weeks 618 702 713 675

27 weeks and over 629 609 604 651

Average (mean) duration,

in weeks 12.1 12.4 12.4 12.6

Median duration, in weeks 5.3 6.1 6.1 6.1

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Total unemployed 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Less than 5 weeks 45.5 45.0 44.8 43.4

5 to 14 weeks 31.8 31.5 31.8 33.0

15 weeks and over 22.7 23.5 23.3 23.6

15 to 26 weeks 11.2 12.6 12.6 12.0

27 weeks and over 11.4 10.9 10.7 11.6

2001

Duration

Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr.

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks 2,613 2,797 2,674 2,958

5 to 14 weeks 1,977 1,669 1,992 1,977

15 weeks and over 1,371 1,490 1,517 1,499

15 to 26 weeks 731 793 814 759

27 weeks and over 640 697 703 740

Average (mean) duration,

in weeks 12.6 12.9 13.0 12.6

Median duration, in weeks 5.9 6.0 6.5 5.8

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Total unemployed 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Less than 5 weeks 43.8 47.0 43.2 46.0

5 to 14 weeks 33.2 28.0 32.2 30.7

15 weeks and over 23.0 25.0 24.5 23.3

15 to 26 weeks 12.3 13.3 13.2 11.8

27 weeks and over 10.7 11.7 11.4 11.5

HOUSEHOLD DATA NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

A-14. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional

population by age, sex, and race

(Numbers in thousands)

April 2001

Civilian labor force

Civilian Percent

noninstitutional of

Age, sex, and race population Total population

TOTAL

16 years and over 211,348 141,073 66.7

16 to 19 years 16,068 7,573 47.1

16 to 17 years 7,999 2,867 35.8

18 to 19 years 8,069 4,706 58.3

20 to 24 years 18,801 14,411 76.6

25 to 54 years 119,678 100,329 83.8

25 to 34 years 37,081 31,098 83.9

25 to 29 years 17,537 14,653 83.6

30 to 34 years 19,544 16,445 84.1

35 to 44 years 44,500 37,884 85.1

35 to 39 years 21,757 18,405 84.6

40 to 44 years 22,742 19,479 85.6

45 to 54 years 38,097 31,348 82.3

45 to 49 years 20,367 17,124 84.1

50 to 54 years 17,731 14,223 80.2

55 to 64 years 23,976 14,504 60.5

55 to 59 years 13,369 9,196 68.8

60 to 64 years 10,607 5,308 50.0

65 years and over 32,826 4,256 13.0

65 to 69 years 9,287 2,288 24.6

70 to 74 years 8,437 1,171 13.9

75 years and over 15,102 797 5.3

Men

16 years and over 101,593 75,314 74.1

16 to 19 years 8,183 3,905 47.7

16 to 17 years 4,098 1,496 36.5

18 to 19 years 4,084 2,409 59.0

20 to 24 years 9,325 7,509 80.5

25 to 54 years 58,629 53,579 91.4

25 to 34 years 18,123 16,809 92.8

25 to 29 years 8,574 7,870 91.8

30 to 34 years 9,548 8,939 93.6

35 to 44 years 21,930 20,367 92.9

35 to 39 years 10,709 9,977 93.2

40 to 44 years 11,221 10,390 92.6

45 to 54 years 18,577 16,403 88.3

45 to 49 years 9,974 8,932 89.6

50 to 54 years 8,603 7,470 86.8

55 to 64 years 11,418 7,832 68.6

55 to 59 years 6,405 4,954 77.3

60 to 64 years 5,013 2,878 57.4

65 years and over 14,037 2,489 17.7

65 to 69 years 4,300 1,301 30.2

70 to 74 years 3,743 673 18.0

75 years and over 5,994 516 8.6

Women

16 years and over 109,756 65,759 59.9

16 to 19 years 7,886 3,668 46.5

16 to 17 years 3,901 1,371 35.1

18 to 19 years 3,985 2,297 57.6

20 to 24 years 9,475 6,902 72.8

25 to 54 years 61,049 46,750 76.6

25 to 34 years 18,958 14,289 75.4

25 to 29 years 8,963 6,783 75.7

30 to 34 years 9,995 7,506 75.1

35 to 44 years 22,570 17,517 77.6

35 to 39 years 11,048 8,428 76.3

40 to 44 years 11,522 9,089 78.9

45 to 54 years 19,521 14,945 76.6

45 to 49 years 10,393 8,192 78.8

50 to 54 years 9,128 6,753 74.0

55 to 64 years 12,558 6,672 53.1

55 to 59 years 6,963 4,242 60.9

60 to 64 years 5,594 2,430 43.4

65 years and over 18,788 1,767 9.4

65 to 69 years 4,987 987 19.8

70 to 74 years 4,694 498 10.6

75 years and over 9,108 282 3.1

WHITE

16 years and over 175,533 117,572 67.0

16 to 19 years 12,760 6,473 50.7

16 to 17 years 6,308 2,493 39.5

18 to 19 years 6,451 3,980 61.7

20 to 24 years 14,997 11,800 78.7

25 to 54 years 98,140 82,900 84.5

25 to 34 years 29,622 25,010 84.4

25 to 29 years 13,937 11,755 84.3

30 to 34 years 15,685 13,255 84.5

35 to 44 years 36,479 31,214 85.6

35 to 39 years 17,709 15,017 84.8

40 to 44 years 18,769 16,196 86.3

45 to 54 years 32,040 26,676 83.3

45 to 49 years 16,948 14,429 85.1

50 to 54 years 15,091 12,247 81.2

55 to 64 years 20,594 12,615 61.3

55 to 59 years 11,466 8,011 69.9

60 to 64 years 9,128 4,604 50.4

65 years and over 29,041 3,784 13.0

65 to 69 years 7,979 1,986 24.9

70 to 74 years 7,493 1,067 14.2

75 years and over 13,569 731 5.4

Men

16 years and over 85,237 63,839 74.9

16 to 19 years 6,520 3,363 51.6

16 to 17 years 3,247 1,278 39.4

18 to 19 years 3,273 2,084 63.7

20 to 24 years 7,552 6,261 82.9

25 to 54 years 48,756 45,112 92.5

25 to 34 years 14,713 13,832 94.0

25 to 29 years 6,919 6,445 93.2

30 to 34 years 7,794 7,387 94.8

35 to 44 years 18,212 17,102 93.9

35 to 39 years 8,834 8,325 94.2

40 to 44 years 9,378 8,777 93.6

45 to 54 years 15,832 14,177 89.5

45 to 49 years 8,408 7,633 90.8

50 to 54 years 7,423 6,544 88.2

55 to 64 years 9,942 6,884 69.2

55 to 59 years 5,569 4,357 78.2

60 to 64 years 4,373 2,528 57.8

65 years and over 12,466 2,220 17.8

65 to 69 years 3,719 1,125 30.2

70 to 74 years 3,385 623 18.4

75 years and over 5,363 472 8.8

Women

16 years and over 90,296 53,733 59.5

16 to 19 years 6,240 3,111 49.9

16 to 17 years 3,062 1,215 39.7

18 to 19 years 3,178 1,896 59.6

20 to 24 years 7,445 5,540 74.4

25 to 54 years 49,384 37,788 76.5

25 to 34 years 14,909 11,178 75.0

25 to 29 years 7,018 5,310 75.7

30 to 34 years 7,891 5,868 74.4

35 to 44 years 18,267 14,112 77.3

35 to 39 years 8,876 6,693 75.4

40 to 44 years 9,391 7,419 79.0

45 to 54 years 16,208 12,498 77.1

45 to 49 years 8,540 6,796 79.6

50 to 54 years 7,668 5,703 74.4

55 to 64 years 10,652 5,731 53.8

55 to 59 years 5,897 3,654 62.0

60 to 64 years 4,755 2,076 43.7

65 years and over 16,575 1,564 9.4

65 to 69 years 4,260 862 20.2

70 to 74 years 4,109 444 10.8

75 years and over 8,207 259 3.2

BLACK

16 years and over 25,472 16,576 65.1

16 to 19 years 2,473 853 34.5

16 to 17 years 1,247 294 23.6

18 to 19 years 1,226 559 45.6

20 to 24 years 2,732 1,884 69.0

25 to 54 years 15,079 12,202 80.9

25 to 34 years 5,101 4,223 82.8

25 to 29 years 2,479 2,026 81.8

30 to 34 years 2,623 2,197 83.8

35 to 44 years 5,681 4,714 83.0

35 to 39 years 2,844 2,386 83.9

40 to 44 years 2,837 2,328 82.1

45 to 54 years 4,297 3,264 76.0

45 to 49 years 2,410 1,859 77.1

50 to 54 years 1,887 1,405 74.5

55 to 64 years 2,401 1,284 53.5

55 to 59 years 1,332 798 59.9

60 to 64 years 1,069 487 45.6

65 years and over 2,787 353 12.7

65 to 69 years 970 226 23.2

70 to 74 years 692 78 11.2

75 years and over 1,125 49 4.4

Men

16 years and over 11,427 7,745 67.8

16 to 19 years 1,215 398 32.8

16 to 17 years 626 169 27.1

18 to 19 years 589 229 38.9

20 to 24 years 1,250 856 68.5

25 to 54 years 6,813 5,700 83.7

25 to 34 years 2,276 1,953 85.8

25 to 29 years 1,092 924 84.6

30 to 34 years 1,184 1,029 86.9

35 to 44 years 2,602 2,242 86.1

35 to 39 years 1,296 1,124 86.7

40 to 44 years 1,306 1,118 85.6

45 to 54 years 1,934 1,506 77.8

45 to 49 years 1,098 871 79.3

50 to 54 years 836 635 76.0

55 to 64 years 1,036 610 58.9

55 to 59 years 574 376 65.4

60 to 64 years 461 235 50.9

65 years and over 1,112 179 16.1

65 to 69 years 426 121 28.4

70 to 74 years 244 31 12.8

75 years and over 442 27 6.1

Women

16 years and over 14,045 8,832 62.9

16 to 19 years 1,258 455 36.2

16 to 17 years 621 125 20.1

18 to 19 years 637 330 51.9

20 to 24 years 1,482 1,028 69.4

25 to 54 years 8,266 6,501 78.6

25 to 34 years 2,825 2,270 80.4

25 to 29 years 1,386 1,102 79.5

30 to 34 years 1,438 1,168 81.2

35 to 44 years 3,079 2,473 80.3

35 to 39 years 1,548 1,263 81.6

40 to 44 years 1,531 1,210 79.1

45 to 54 years 2,363 1,758 74.4

45 to 49 years 1,312 988 75.3

50 to 54 years 1,050 770 73.3

55 to 64 years 1,365 674 49.4

55 to 59 years 758 422 55.7

60 to 64 years 607 252 41.5

65 years and over 1,674 173 10.4

65 to 69 years 544 104 19.2

70 to 74 years 447 47 10.4

75 years and over 683 22 3.3

April 2001

Civilian labor force

Employed

Percent

of

Age, sex, and race Total population Agriculture

TOTAL

16 years and over 135,122 63.9 3,163

16 to 19 years 6,563 40.8 198

16 to 17 years 2,368 29.6 60

18 to 19 years 4,195 52.0 138

20 to 24 years 13,303 70.8 287

25 to 54 years 96,980 81.0 2,020

25 to 34 years 29,803 80.4 613

25 to 29 years 13,990 79.8 276

30 to 34 years 15,814 80.9 337

35 to 44 years 36,735 82.6 858

35 to 39 years 17,793 81.8 394

40 to 44 years 18,942 83.3 464

45 to 54 years 30,441 79.9 549

45 to 49 years 16,599 81.5 302

50 to 54 years 13,842 78.1 247

55 to 64 years 14,103 58.8 390

55 to 59 years 8,946 66.9 214

60 to 64 years 5,157 48.6 176

65 years and over 4,174 12.7 268

65 to 69 years 2,237 24.1 114

70 to 74 years 1,154 13.7 71

75 years and over 782 5.2 84

Men

16 years and over 71,987 70.9 2,286

16 to 19 years 3,344 40.9 165

16 to 17 years 1,192 29.1 48

18 to 19 years 2,151 52.7 117

20 to 24 years 6,895 73.9 215

25 to 54 years 51,714 88.2 1,437

25 to 34 years 16,129 89.0 449

25 to 29 years 7,511 87.6 210

30 to 34 years 8,618 90.3 239

35 to 44 years 19,689 89.8 595

35 to 39 years 9,623 89.9 274

40 to 44 years 10,066 89.7 322

45 to 54 years 15,896 85.6 393

45 to 49 years 8,665 86.9 213

50 to 54 years 7,231 84.0 180

55 to 64 years 7,594 66.5 272

55 to 59 years 4,809 75.1 151

60 to 64 years 2,785 55.6 121

65 years and over 2,441 17.4 197

65 to 69 years 1,272 29.6 80

70 to 74 years 660 17.6 49

75 years and over 508 8.5 69

Women

16 years and over 63,135 57.5 877

16 to 19 years 3,219 40.8 33

16 to 17 years 1,176 30.1 12

18 to 19 years 2,044 51.3 21

20 to 24 years 6,409 67.6 72

25 to 54 years 45,266 74.1 582

25 to 34 years 13,674 72.1 164

25 to 29 years 6,479 72.3 66

30 to 34 years 7,195 72.0 98

35 to 44 years 17,046 75.5 262

35 to 39 years 8,170 74.0 120

40 to 44 years 8,876 77.0 142

45 to 54 years 14,545 74.5 156

45 to 49 years 7,933 76.3 89

50 to 54 years 6,612 72.4 67

55 to 64 years 6,508 51.8 118

55 to 59 years 4,137 59.4 63

60 to 64 years 2,371 42.4 55

65 years and over 1,733 9.2 72

65 to 69 years 965 19.3 34

70 to 74 years 494 10.5 22

75 years and over 274 3.0 15

WHITE

16 years and over 113,162 64.5 2,983

16 to 19 years 5,728 44.9 193

16 to 17 years 2,117 33.6 57

18 to 19 years 3,611 56.0 136

20 to 24 years 11,071 73.8 267

25 to 54 years 80,375 81.9 1,898

25 to 34 years 24,023 81.1 572

25 to 29 years 11,265 80.8 260

30 to 34 years 12,758 81.3 312

35 to 44 years 30,372 83.3 831

35 to 39 years 14,582 82.3 386

40 to 44 years 15,790 84.1 445

45 to 54 years 25,980 81.1 494

45 to 49 years 14,031 82.8 278

50 to 54 years 11,949 79.2 217

55 to 64 years 12,279 59.6 368

55 to 59 years 7,806 68.1 201

60 to 64 years 4,473 49.0 167

65 years and over 3,710 12.8 257

65 to 69 years 1,940 24.3 107

70 to 74 years 1,053 14.1 69

75 years and over 717 5.3 81

Men

16 years and over 61,372 72.0 2,141

16 to 19 years 2,942 45.1 162

16 to 17 years 1,061 32.7 48

18 to 19 years 1,881 57.5 114

20 to 24 years 5,862 77.6 202

25 to 54 years 43,706 89.6 1,337

25 to 34 years 13,318 90.5 411

25 to 29 years 6,181 89.3 197

30 to 34 years 7,137 91.6 214

35 to 44 years 16,607 91.2 582

35 to 39 years 8,074 91.4 267

40 to 44 years 8,533 91.0 315

45 to 54 years 13,781 87.0 345

45 to 49 years 7,430 88.4 190

50 to 54 years 6,351 85.6 155

55 to 64 years 6,687 67.3 253

55 to 59 years 4,239 76.1 141

60 to 64 years 2,447 56.0 112

65 years and over 2,175 17.4 187

65 to 69 years 1,098 29.5 73

70 to 74 years 610 18.0 48

75 years and over 467 8.7 66

Women

16 years and over 51,790 57.4 842

16 to 19 years 2,786 44.6 31

16 to 17 years 1,056 34.5 10

18 to 19 years 1,730 54.4 21

20 to 24 years 5,209 70.0 66

25 to 54 years 36,668 74.3 560

25 to 34 years 10,705 71.8 161

25 to 29 years 5,085 72.4 63

30 to 34 years 5,620 71.2 98

35 to 44 years 13,765 75.4 249

35 to 39 years 6,508 73.3 119

40 to 44 years 7,257 77.3 130

45 to 54 years 12,199 75.3 150

45 to 49 years 6,601 77.3 88

50 to 54 years 5,598 73.0 62

55 to 64 years 5,592 52.5 114

55 to 59 years 3,566 60.5 60

60 to 64 years 2,026 42.6 55

65 years and over 1,535 9.3 71

65 to 69 years 842 19.8 34

70 to 74 years 443 10.8 21

75 years and over 251 3.1 15

BLACK

16 years and over 15,334 60.2 123

16 to 19 years 620 25.1 —

16 to 17 years 183 14.7 —

18 to 19 years 436 35.6 —

20 to 24 years 1,564 57.2 14

25 to 54 years 11,560 76.7 90

25 to 34 years 3,967 77.8 35

25 to 29 years 1,873 75.6 15

30 to 34 years 2,094 79.9 20

35 to 44 years 4,472 78.7 16

35 to 39 years 2,250 79.1 4

40 to 44 years 2,222 78.3 12

45 to 54 years 3,121 72.6 40

45 to 49 years 1,776 73.7 16

50 to 54 years 1,345 71.3 23

55 to 64 years 1,241 51.7 9

55 to 59 years 767 57.6 6

60 to 64 years 475 44.4 3

65 years and over 349 12.5 9

65 to 69 years 223 23.0 7

70 to 74 years 78 11.2 —

75 years and over 48 4.2 3

Men

16 years and over 7,050 61.7 105

16 to 19 years 276 22.7 —

16 to 17 years 92 14.7 —

18 to 19 years 183 31.2 —

20 to 24 years 677 54.1 8

25 to 54 years 5,346 78.5 80

25 to 34 years 1,821 80.0 32

25 to 29 years 846 77.5 12

30 to 34 years 975 82.3 20

35 to 44 years 2,089 80.3 9

35 to 39 years 1,041 80.3 4

40 to 44 years 1,049 80.3 5

45 to 54 years 1,436 74.2 40

45 to 49 years 831 75.6 16

50 to 54 years 605 72.4 9

55 to 64 years 574 55.4 7

55 to 59 years 351 61.2 4

60 to 64 years 222 48.2 3

65 years and over 178 16.0 9

65 to 69 years 121 28.4 7

70 to 74 years 31 12.8 —

75 years and over 25 5.7 3

Women

16 years and over 8,284 59.0 18

16 to 19 years 344 27.3 —

16 to 17 years 91 14.7 —

18 to 19 years 253 39.7 —

20 to 24 years 887 59.9 5

25 to 54 years 6,214 75.2 10

25 to 34 years 2,146 76.0 3

25 to 29 years 1,026 74.0 3

30 to 34 years 1,120 77.8 —

35 to 44 years 2,382 77.4 7

35 to 39 years 1,209 78.1 —

40 to 44 years 1,173 76.6 7

45 to 54 years 1,685 71.3 —

45 to 49 years 946 72.1 —

50 to 54 years 740 70.4 —

55 to 64 years 668 48.9 3

55 to 59 years 415 54.8 3

60 to 64 years 252 41.5 —

65 years and over 171 10.2 —

65 to 69 years 102 18.8 —

70 to 74 years 47 10.4 —

75 years and over 22 3.3 —

April 2001

Civilian labor force

Unemployed

Employees Percent

of Not in

Nonagricultural labor labor

Age, sex, and race industries Number force force

TOTAL

16 years and over 131,959 5,951 4.2 70,275

16 to 19 years 6,365 1,010 13.3 8,495

16 to 17 years 2,308 499 17.4 5,132

18 to 19 years 4,057 511 10.9 3,363

20 to 24 years 13,016 1,108 7.7 4,390

25 to 54 years 94,960 3,349 3.3 19,349

25 to 34 years 29,190 1,294 4.2 5,983

25 to 29 years 13,713 663 4.5 2,884

30 to 34 years 15,477 631 3.8 3,099

35 to 44 years 35,877 1,149 3.0 6,616

35 to 39 years 17,399 612 3.3 3,352

40 to 44 years 18,478 537 2.8 3,263

45 to 54 years 29,893 906 2.9 6,750

45 to 49 years 16,297 525 3.1 3,242

50 to 54 years 13,595 381 2.7 3,508

55 to 64 years 13,713 401 2.8 9,472

55 to 59 years 8,732 250 2.7 4,173

60 to 64 years 4,981 151 2.8 5,299

65 years and over 3,905 82 1.9 28,570

65 to 69 years 2,123 51 2.2 6,999

70 to 74 years 1,083 17 1.4 7,266

75 years and over 698 15 1.9 14,305

Men

16 years and over 69,702 3,326 4.4 26,279

16 to 19 years 3,179 561 14.4 4,278

16 to 17 years 1,145 304 20.3 2,602

18 to 19 years 2,034 257 10.7 1,676

20 to 24 years 6,679 614 8.2 1,817

25 to 54 years 50,277 1,865 3.5 5,051

25 to 34 years 15,680 680 4.0 1,314

25 to 29 years 7,301 359 4.6 705

30 to 34 years 8,379 321 3.6 609

35 to 44 years 19,094 678 3.3 1,563

35 to 39 years 9,350 354 3.5 732

40 to 44 years 9,744 324 3.1 831

45 to 54 years 15,503 507 3.1 2,174

45 to 49 years 8,453 267 3.0 1,041

50 to 54 years 7,051 240 3.2 1,132

55 to 64 years 7,323 238 3.0 3,586

55 to 59 years 4,658 145 2.9 1,451

60 to 64 years 2,664 93 3.2 2,135

65 years and over 2,244 49 2.0 11,548

65 to 69 years 1,193 28 2.2 2,999

70 to 74 years 611 13 2.0 3,070

75 years and over 440 7 1.4 5,478

Women

16 years and over 62,257 2,624 4.0 43,996

16 to 19 years 3,186 449 12.2 4,217

16 to 17 years 1,164 195 14.2 2,530

18 to 19 years 2,022 254 11.0 1,688

20 to 24 years 6,337 493 7.1 2,573

25 to 54 years 44,684 1,485 3.2 14,298

25 to 34 years 13,510 615 4.3 4,669

25 to 29 years 6,413 304 4.5 2,180

30 to 34 years 7,097 310 4.1 2,489

35 to 44 years 16,784 471 2.7 5,053

35 to 39 years 8,050 258 3.1 2,620

40 to 44 years 8,734 213 2.3 2,433

45 to 54 years 14,389 399 2.7 4,576

45 to 49 years 7,845 259 3.2 2,201

50 to 54 years 6,545 141 2.1 2,375

55 to 64 years 6,390 164 2.5 5,886

55 to 59 years 4,073 105 2.5 2,722

60 to 64 years 2,317 59 2.4 3,164

65 years and over 1,661 34 1.9 17,022

65 to 69 years 931 22 2.3 3,999

70 to 74 years 472 4 .7 4,196

75 years and over 258 8 2.8 8,826

WHITE

16 years and over 110,179 4,410 3.8 57,961

16 to 19 years 5,535 746 11.5 6,286

16 to 17 years 2,059 376 15.1 3,815

18 to 19 years 3,475 369 9.3 2,471

20 to 24 years 10,804 730 6.2 3,197

25 to 54 years 78,477 2,525 3.0 15,241

25 to 34 years 23,451 987 3.9 4,611

25 to 29 years 11,005 490 4.2 2,182

30 to 34 years 12,446 497 3.8 2,429

35 to 44 years 29,541 842 2.7 5,265

35 to 39 years 14,196 435 2.9 2,692

40 to 44 years 15,345 406 2.5 2,573

45 to 54 years 25,485 696 2.6 5,364

45 to 49 years 13,753 398 2.8 2,520

50 to 54 years 11,732 298 2.4 2,844

55 to 64 years 11,911 336 2.7 7,980

55 to 59 years 7,605 205 2.6 3,456

60 to 64 years 4,306 131 2.8 4,524

65 years and over 3,453 74 2.0 25,257

65 to 69 years 1,833 46 2.3 5,992

70 to 74 years 984 14 1.3 6,426

75 years and over 636 13 1.8 12,839

Men

16 years and over 59,231 2,468 3.9 21,397

16 to 19 years 2,780 421 12.5 3,157

16 to 17 years 1,014 217 17.0 1,968

18 to 19 years 1,766 204 9.8 1,189

20 to 24 years 5,660 399 6.4 1,292

25 to 54 years 42,369 1,405 3.1 3,645

25 to 34 years 12,908 514 3.7 880

25 to 29 years 5,984 265 4.1 473

30 to 34 years 6,924 250 3.4 407

35 to 44 years 16,025 494 2.9 1,110

35 to 39 years 7,807 251 3.0 509

40 to 44 years 8,218 244 2.8 601

45 to 54 years 13,436 397 2.8 1,655

45 to 49 years 7,240 203 2.7 776

50 to 54 years 6,196 194 3.0 879

55 to 64 years 6,433 198 2.9 3,058

55 to 59 years 4,098 117 2.7 1,213

60 to 64 years 2,335 80 3.2 1,845

65 years and over 1,988 45 2.0 10,246

65 to 69 years 1,026 26 2.3 2,594

70 to 74 years 562 13 2.1 2,761

75 years and over 401 6 1.2 4,891

Women

16 years and over 50,948 1,943 3.6 36,563

16 to 19 years 2,755 325 10.4 3,129

16 to 17 years 1,046 159 13.1 1,847

18 to 19 years 1,709 165 8.7 1,283

20 to 24 years 5,143 331 6.0 1,905

25 to 54 years 36,108 1,120 3.0 11,596

25 to 34 years 10,544 473 4.2 3,731

25 to 29 years 5,021 225 4.2 1,708

30 to 34 years 5,522 248 4.2 2,023

35 to 44 years 13,516 347 2.5 4,155

35 to 39 years 6,389 185 2.8 2,183

40 to 44 years 7,127 162 2.2 1,972

45 to 54 years 12,049 299 2.4 3,710

45 to 49 years 6,513 195 2.9 1,744

50 to 54 years 5,536 104 1.8 1,965

55 to 64 years 5,477 139 2.4 4,922

55 to 59 years 3,507 88 2.4 2,243

60 to 64 years 1,971 51 2.4 2,679

65 years and over 1,465 29 1.8 15,011

65 to 69 years 808 20 2.3 3,398

70 to 74 years 422 1 .2 3,665

75 years and over 235 8 3.0 7,948

BLACK

16 years and over 15,211 1,242 7.5 8,895

16 to 19 years 620 234 27.4 1,619

16 to 17 years 183 111 37.7 953

18 to 19 years 436 123 22.0 666

20 to 24 years 1,550 320 17.0 848

25 to 54 years 11,470 641 5.3 2,878

25 to 34 years 3,933 256 6.1 878

25 to 29 years 1,858 154 7.6 452

30 to 34 years 2,075 102 4.7 426

35 to 44 years 4,456 243 5.1 967

35 to 39 years 2,246 136 5.7 458

40 to 44 years 2,210 106 4.6 509

45 to 54 years 3,081 143 4.4 1,033

45 to 49 years 1,760 82 4.4 552

50 to 54 years 1,321 61 4.3 481

55 to 64 years 1,232 43 3.3 1,116

55 to 59 years 761 31 3.9 535

60 to 64 years 471 12 2.5 582

65 years and over 340 4 1.1 2,434

65 to 69 years 217 2 1.0 745

70 to 74 years 78 — — 614

75 years and over 45 2 (1) 1,075

Men

16 years and over 6,946 694 9.0 3,682

16 to 19 years 276 123 30.8 817

16 to 17 years 92 77 45.6 457

18 to 19 years 183 45 19.9 360

20 to 24 years 668 180 21.0 394

25 to 54 years 5,266 354 6.2 1,113

25 to 34 years 1,789 132 6.7 324

25 to 29 years 834 78 8.4 168

30 to 34 years 955 54 5.3 155

35 to 44 years 2,080 152 6.8 360

35 to 39 years 1,036 83 7.4 172

40 to 44 years 1,044 69 6.2 188

45 to 54 years 1,396 70 4.6 429

45 to 49 years 814 40 4.6 228

50 to 54 years 582 30 4.7 201

55 to 64 years 567 37 6.0 425

55 to 59 years 348 24 6.4 199

60 to 64 years 219 12 5.2 227

65 years and over 169 2 .9 933

65 to 69 years 115 — — 305

70 to 74 years 31 — — 213

75 years and over 23 2 (1) 415

Women

16 years and over 8,266 548 6.2 5,213

16 to 19 years 344 111 24.4 803

16 to 17 years 91 34 27.1 496

18 to 19 years 253 77 23.4 306

20 to 24 years 882 141 13.7 454

25 to 54 years 6,204 287 4.4 1,765

25 to 34 years 2,143 124 5.5 555

25 to 29 years 1,024 76 6.9 284

30 to 34 years 1,120 48 4.1 271

35 to 44 years 2,375 90 3.7 606

35 to 39 years 1,209 53 4.2 286

40 to 44 years 1,166 37 3.1 321

45 to 54 years 1,685 73 4.2 604

45 to 49 years 946 42 4.3 324

50 to 54 years 740 31 4.0 280

55 to 64 years 665 6 1.0 691

55 to 59 years 413 6 1.5 336

60 to 64 years 252 — — 355

65 years and over 171 2 1.3 1,501

65 to 69 years 102 2 2.1 440

70 to 74 years 47 — — 401

75 years and over 22 — — 661

(1) Data not shown where base is less than 75,000

A-15. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional

population by race, sex, and age

(Numbers in thousands)

Total

Employment status and Apr. Apr.

race 2000 2001

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population 209,216 211,348

Civilian labor force 140,403 141,073

Percent of population 67.1 66.7

Employed 135,215 135,122

Agriculture 3,330 3,163

Nonagricultural industries 131,885 131,959

Unemployed 5,188 5,951

Unemployment rate 3.7 4.2

Not in labor force 68,813 70,275

White

Civilian noninstitutional population 174,092 175,533

Civilian labor force 117,281 117,572

Percent of population 67.4 67.0

Employed 113,458 113,162

Agriculture 3,096 2,983

Nonagricultural industries 110,362 110,179

Unemployed 3,823 4,410

Unemployment rate 3.3 3.8

Not in labor force 56,811 57,961

Black

Civilian noninstitutional population 25,135 25,472

Civilian labor force 16,504 16,576

Percent of population 65.7 65.1

Employed 15,412 15,334

Agriculture 177 123

Nonagricultural industries 15,235 15,211

Unemployed 1,092 1,242

Unemployment rate 6.6 7.5

Not in labor force 8,631 8,895

Men, 20 years and

over

Employment status and Apr. Apr.

race 2000 2001

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population 92,303 93,410

Civilian labor force 70,616 71,409

Percent of population 76.5 76.4

Employed 68,389 68,644

Agriculture 2,252 2,121

Nonagricultural industries 66,136 66,523

Unemployed 2,227 2,765

Unemployment rate 3.2 3.9

Not in labor force 21,687 22,001

White

Civilian noninstitutional population 77,970 78,717

Civilian labor force 59,958 60,476

Percent of population 76.9 76.8

Employed 58,327 58,430

Agriculture 2,084 1,979

Nonagricultural industries 56,244 56,451

Unemployed 1,631 2,047

Unemployment rate 2.7 3.4

Not in labor force 18,012 18,240

Black

Civilian noninstitutional population 10,065 10,212

Civilian labor force 7,324 7,346

Percent of population 72.8 71.9

Employed 6,858 6,775

Agriculture 130 105

Nonagricultural industries 6,728 6,670

Unemployed 467 572

Unemployment rate 6.4 7.8

Not in labor force 2,741 2,865

Women, 20 years

and over

Employment status and Apr. Apr.

race 2000 2001

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population 100,809 101,870

Civilian labor force 61,790 62,091

Percent of population 61.3 61.0

Employed 59,785 59,915

Agriculture 867 844

Nonagricultural industries 58,917 59,071

Unemployed 2,005 2,175

Unemployment rate 3.2 3.5

Not in labor force 39,019 39,779

White

Civilian noninstitutional population 83,406 84,057

Civilian labor force 50,532 50,623

Percent of population 60.6 60.2

Employed 49,101 49,005

Agriculture 820 811

Nonagricultural industries 48,281 48,194

Unemployed 1,431 1,618

Unemployment rate 2.8 3.2

Not in labor force 32,874 33,434

Black

Civilian noninstitutional population 12,597 12,787

Civilian labor force 8,293 8,377

Percent of population 65.8 65.5

Employed 7,830 7,940

Agriculture 32 18

Nonagricultural industries 7,798 7,922

Unemployed 463 437

Unemployment rate 5.6 5.2

Not in labor force 4,304 4,411

Both sexes, 16 to 19

years

Employment status and Apr. Apr.

race 2000 2001

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population 16,104 16,068

Civilian labor force 7,998 7,573

Percent of population 49.7 47.1

Employed 7,042 6,563

Agriculture 210 198

Nonagricultural industries 6,832 6,365

Unemployed 956 1,010

Unemployment rate 12.0 13.3

Not in labor force 8,106 8,495

White

Civilian noninstitutional population 12,716 12,760

Civilian labor force 6,791 6,473

Percent of population 53.4 50.7

Employed 6,030 5,728

Agriculture 192 193

Nonagricultural industries 5,838 5,535

Unemployed 761 746

Unemployment rate 11.2 11.5

Not in labor force 5,925 6,286

Black

Civilian noninstitutional population 2,473 2,473

Civilian labor force 886 853

Percent of population 35.8 34.5

Employed 724 620

Agriculture 15 —

Nonagricultural industries 709 620

Unemployed 162 234

Unemployment rate 18.3 27.4

Not in labor force 1,587 1,619

A-16. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population

16 to 24 years of age by school enrollment, educational attainment,

sex, race, and Hispanic origin

(Numbers in thousands)

April 2001

Civilian

labor

Civilian force

Enrollment status, educational noninstitutional

attainment, race, and Hispanic origin population Total

TOTAL ENROLLED

Total, 16 to 24 years 19,074 9,092

16 to 19 years 12,808 5,206

20 to 24 years 6,266 3,886

High school 10,282 3,908

College 8,792 5,184

Full-time students 7,449 4,040

Part-time students 1,343 1,144

Men, 16 to 24 years 9,651 4,493

16 to 19 years 6,583 2,651

20 to 24 years 3,068 1,842

High school 5,438 2,088

College 4,212 2,405

Full-time students 3,621 1,864

Part-time students 592 541

Women, 16 to 24 years 9,423 4,599

16 to 19 years 6,226 2,555

20 to 24 years 3,198 2,044

High school 4,844 1,820

College 4,580 2,779

Full-time students 3,829 2,176

Part-time students 751 603

White

Total, 16 to 24 years 15,041 7,665

16 to 19 years 10,137 4,496

20 to 24 years 4,904 3,169

Men 7,629 3,775

Women 7,413 3,890

High school 8,033 3,331

College 7,008 4,333

Full-time students 5,937 3,409

Part-time students 1,072 924

Black

Total, 16 to 24 years 2,810 1,008

16 to 19 years 1,928 525

20 to 24 years 882 483

Men 1,391 473

Women 1,419 535

High school 1,667 440

College 1,143 568

Full-time students 947 408

Part-time students 196 160

Hispanic origin

Total, 16 to 24 years 2,106 874

16 to 19 years 1,597 559

20 to 24 years 509 315

Men 1,058 464

Women 1,048 411

High school 1,374 419

College 731 456

Full-time students 522 291

Part-time students 210 165

TOTAL NOT ENROLLED

Total, 16 to 24 years 15,795 12,892

16 to 19 years 3,260 2,367

20 to 24 years 12,535 10,524

Less than a high school diploma 4,119 2,751

High school graduates, no college 6,503 5,507

Less than a bachelor’s degree 3,455 3,014

College graduates 1,718 1,619

Men, 16 to 24 years 7,857 6,920

16 to 19 years 1,600 1,254

20 to 24 years 6,258 5,667

Less than a high school diploma 2,243 1,772

High school graduates, no college 3,364 3,045

Less than a bachelor’s degree 1,571 1,452

College graduates 680 651

Women, 16 to 24 years 7,938 5,971

16 to 19 years 1,660 1,114

20 to 24 years 6,278 4,858

Less than a high school diploma 1,877 979

High school graduates, no college 3,139 2,462

Less than a bachelor’s degree 1,884 1,562

College graduates 1,039 968

White

Total, 16 to 24 years 12,716 10,609

16 to 19 years 2,623 1,977

20 to 24 years 10,093 8,632

Men 6,444 5,849

Women 6,272 4,760

Less than a high school diploma 3,225 2,253

High school graduates, no college 5,220 4,473

Less than a bachelor’s degree 2,803 2,486

College graduates 1,468 1,398

Black

Total, 16 to 24 years 2,395 1,730

16 to 19 years 545 328

20 to 24 years 1,850 1,401

Men 1,074 782

Women 1,321 948

Less than a high school diploma 746 391

High school graduates, no college 1,059 851

Less than a bachelor’s degree 487 385

College graduates 103 103

Hispanic origin

Total, 16 to 24 years 3,040 2,312

16 to 19 years 785 562

20 to 24 years 2,255 1,750

Men 1,560 1,427

Women 1,479 885

Less than a high school diploma 1,622 1,138

High school graduates, no college 947 759

Less than a bachelor’s degree 378 328

College graduates 93 88

April 2001

Civilian

labor

force

Employed

Enrollment status, educational Percent of

attainment, race, and Hispanic origin population Total

TOTAL ENROLLED

Total, 16 to 24 years 47.7 8,284

16 to 19 years 40.6 4,579

20 to 24 years 62.0 3,705

High school 38.0 3,369

College 59.0 4,916

Full-time students 54.2 3,845

Part-time students 85.2 1,070

Men, 16 to 24 years 46.6 4,040

16 to 19 years 40.3 2,300

20 to 24 years 60.0 1,740

High school 38.4 1,762

College 57.1 2,279

Full-time students 51.5 1,779

Part-time students 91.5 499

Women, 16 to 24 years 48.8 4,244

16 to 19 years 41.0 2,280

20 to 24 years 63.9 1,965

High school 37.6 1,607

College 60.7 2,637

Full-time students 56.8 2,066

Part-time students 80.2 571

White

Total, 16 to 24 years 51.0 7,075

16 to 19 years 44.4 4,021

20 to 24 years 64.6 3,054

Men 49.5 3,435

Women 52.5 3,640

High school 41.5 2,927

College 61.8 4,148

Full-time students 57.4 3,279

Part-time students 86.2 869

Black

Total, 16 to 24 years 35.9 812

16 to 19 years 27.2 387

20 to 24 years 54.8 425

Men 34.0 368

Women 37.7 444

High school 26.4 315

College 49.7 496

Full-time students 43.1 354

Part-time students 81.6 142

Hispanic origin

Total, 16 to 24 years 41.5 761

16 to 19 years 35.0 459

20 to 24 years 62.0 302

Men 43.8 394

Women 39.2 368

High school 30.5 335

College 62.3 426

Full-time students 55.8 280

Part-time students 78.6 146

TOTAL NOT ENROLLED

Total, 16 to 24 years 81.6 11,582

16 to 19 years 72.6 1,984

20 to 24 years 84.0 9,598

Less than a high school diploma 66.8 2,219

High school graduates, no college 84.7 4,992

Less than a bachelor’s degree 87.2 2,812

College graduates 94.2 1,558

Men, 16 to 24 years 88.1 6,198

16 to 19 years 78.4 1,044

20 to 24 years 90.6 5,154

Less than a high school diploma 79.0 1,467

High school graduates, no college 90.5 2,758

Less than a bachelor’s degree 92.4 1,348

College graduates 95.8 625

Women, 16 to 24 years 75.2 5,384

16 to 19 years 67.1 940

20 to 24 years 77.4 4,444

Less than a high school diploma 52.2 752

High school graduates, no college 78.4 2,233

Less than a bachelor’s degree 82.9 1,465

College graduates 93.2 934

White

Total, 16 to 24 years 83.4 9,723

16 to 19 years 75.4 1,706

20 to 24 years 85.5 8,017

Men 90.8 5,369

Women 75.9 4,355

Less than a high school diploma 69.9 1,904

High school graduates, no college 85.7 4,126

Less than a bachelor’s degree 88.7 2,346

College graduates 95.2 1,347

Black

Total, 16 to 24 years 72.2 1,372

16 to 19 years 60.3 232

20 to 24 years 75.7 1,139

Men 72.8 584

Women 71.8 787

Less than a high school diploma 52.4 237

High school graduates, no college 80.4 697

Less than a bachelor’s degree 79.0 341

College graduates 99.3 96

Hispanic origin

Total, 16 to 24 years 76.1 2,068

16 to 19 years 71.6 456

20 to 24 years 77.6 1,612

Men 91.5 1,314

Women 59.8 754

Less than a high school diploma 70.2 982

High school graduates, no college 80.1 689

Less than a bachelor’s degree 86.8 310

College graduates 94.0 88

April 2001

Civilian

labor force

Employed

Enrollment status, educational Full Part

attainment, race, and Hispanic origin time time

TOTAL ENROLLED

Total, 16 to 24 years 1,574 6,710

16 to 19 years 407 4,172

20 to 24 years 1,167 2,538

High school 217 3,152

College 1,357 3,558

Full-time students 702 3,143

Part-time students 655 415

Men, 16 to 24 years 849 3,192

16 to 19 years 229 2,070

20 to 24 years 619 1,121

High school 139 1,622

College 709 1,570

Full-time students 400 1,379

Part-time students 309 190

Women, 16 to 24 years 726 3,518

16 to 19 years 178 2,101

20 to 24 years 548 1,417

High school 78 1,530

College 648 1,989

Full-time students 302 1,764

Part-time students 346 225

White

Total, 16 to 24 years 1,255 5,820

16 to 19 years 333 3,688

20 to 24 years 922 2,132

Men 658 2,777

Women 597 3,043

High school 170 2,757

College 1,085 3,062

Full-time students 571 2,708

Part-time students 515 354

Black

Total, 16 to 24 years 236 576

16 to 19 years 58 329

20 to 24 years 178 247

Men 127 241

Women 109 335

High school 42 273

College 194 303

Full-time students 94 260

Part-time students 100 43

Hispanic origin

Total, 16 to 24 years 217 544

16 to 19 years 89 370

20 to 24 years 128 174

Men 106 288

Women 111 257

High school 63 273

College 155 272

Full-time students 58 222

Part-time students 96 49

TOTAL NOT ENROLLED

Total, 16 to 24 years 9,806 1,776

16 to 19 years 1,433 551

20 to 24 years 8,373 1,225

Less than a high school diploma 1,809 410

High school graduates, no college 4,167 825

Less than a bachelor’s degree 2,395 417

College graduates 1,435 124

Men, 16 to 24 years 5,532 666

16 to 19 years 826 218

20 to 24 years 4,706 448

Less than a high school diploma 1,263 204

High school graduates, no college 2,470 288

Less than a bachelor’s degree 1,209 139

College graduates 590 35

Women, 16 to 24 years 4,273 1,110

16 to 19 years 606 334

20 to 24 years 3,667 777

Less than a high school diploma 546 206

High school graduates, no college 1,696 537

Less than a bachelor’s degree 1,186 278

College graduates 845 89

White

Total, 16 to 24 years 8,273 1,451

16 to 19 years 1,261 446

20 to 24 years 7,012 1,005

Men 4,824 544

Women 3,448 907

Less than a high school diploma 1,571 334

High school graduates, no college 3,481 645

Less than a bachelor’s degree 1,989 357

College graduates 1,232 115

Black

Total, 16 to 24 years 1,123 249

16 to 19 years 151 81

20 to 24 years 972 167

Men 487 97

Women 636 151

Less than a high school diploma 172 65

High school graduates, no college 560 138

Less than a bachelor’s degree 301 40

College graduates 90 6

Hispanic origin

Total, 16 to 24 years 1,778 290

16 to 19 years 362 94

20 to 24 years 1,416 196

Men 1,172 142

Women 607 148

Less than a high school diploma 875 107

High school graduates, no college 573 117

Less than a bachelor’s degree 260 50

College graduates 71 16

April 2001

Civilian labor

force

Unemployed

Looking

for

Enrollment status, educational full-time

attainment, race, and Hispanic origin Total work

TOTAL ENROLLED

Total, 16 to 24 years 808 127

16 to 19 years 627 82

20 to 24 years 181 45

High school 540 60

College 268 67

Full-time students 194 43

Part-time students 74 25

Men, 16 to 24 years 453 68

16 to 19 years 351 44

20 to 24 years 102 24

High school 327 43

College 127 25

Full-time students 85 13

Part-time students 42 12

Women, 16 to 24 years 355 59

16 to 19 years 275 38

20 to 24 years 80 21

High school 213 17

College 142 42

Full-time students 110 30

Part-time students 32 12

White

Total, 16 to 24 years 590 95

16 to 19 years 475 67

20 to 24 years 115 29

Men 340 48

Women 250 47

High school 404 41

College 186 54

Full-time students 130 40

Part-time students 55 14

Black

Total, 16 to 24 years 196 30

16 to 19 years 138 13

20 to 24 years 59 17

Men 105 18

Women 91 12

High school 125 16

College 72 14

Full-time students 54 3

Part-time students 18 11

Hispanic origin

Total, 16 to 24 years 113 18

16 to 19 years 100 16

20 to 24 years 13 2

Men 70 15

Women 43 3

High school 83 12

College 30 6

Full-time students 11 2

Part-time students 19 4

TOTAL NOT ENROLLED

Total, 16 to 24 years 1,310 1,172

16 to 19 years 384 324

20 to 24 years 926 848

Less than a high school diploma 532 463

High school graduates, no college 516 475

Less than a bachelor’s degree 202 178

College graduates 61 56

Men, 16 to 24 years 722 672

16 to 19 years 210 184

20 to 24 years 513 488

Less than a high school diploma 305 279

High school graduates, no college 287 272

Less than a bachelor’s degree 104 99

College graduates 27 22

Women, 16 to 24 years 588 500

16 to 19 years 174 140

20 to 24 years 414 360

Less than a high school diploma 227 185

High school graduates, no college 229 203

Less than a bachelor’s degree 97 78

College graduates 34 34

White

Total, 16 to 24 years 885 779

16 to 19 years 271 239

20 to 24 years 615 540

Men 480 443

Women 405 336

Less than a high school diploma 348 298

High school graduates, no college 347 318

Less than a bachelor’s degree 140 118

College graduates 50 45

Black

Total, 16 to 24 years 358 330

16 to 19 years 96 71

20 to 24 years 262 260

Men 197 186

Women 160 144

Less than a high school diploma 154 137

High school graduates, no college 154 143

Less than a bachelor’s degree 44 44

College graduates 6 6

Hispanic origin

Total, 16 to 24 years 244 232

16 to 19 years 106 100

20 to 24 years 138 132

Men 113 110

Women 131 122

Less than a high school diploma 156 148

High school graduates, no college 70 66

Less than a bachelor’s degree 18 18

College graduates — —

April 2001

Civilian labor

force

Unemployed

Looking Percent

for of

Enrollment status, educational part-time labor

attainment, race, and Hispanic origin work force

TOTAL ENROLLED

Total, 16 to 24 years 681 8.9

16 to 19 years 544 12.0

20 to 24 years 136 4.7

High school 480 13.8

College 201 5.2

Full-time students 152 4.8

Part-time students 49 6.5

Men, 16 to 24 years 385 10.1

16 to 19 years 307 13.3

20 to 24 years 78 5.5

High school 283 15.6

College 102 5.3

Full-time students 72 4.5

Part-time students 30 7.8

Women, 16 to 24 years 296 7.7

16 to 19 years 237 10.8

20 to 24 years 58 3.9

High school 196 11.7

College 99 5.1

Full-time students 80 5.0

Part-time students 20 5.3

White

Total, 16 to 24 years 494 7.7

16 to 19 years 408 10.6

20 to 24 years 86 3.6

Men 291 9.0

Women 203 6.4

High school 363 12.1

College 132 4.3

Full-time students 90 3.8

Part-time students 41 6.0

Black

Total, 16 to 24 years 166 19.5

16 to 19 years 125 26.3

20 to 24 years 42 12.1

Men 87 22.2

Women 80 17.1

High school 108 28.4

College 58 12.6

Full-time students 51 13.2

Part-time students 7 11.0

Hispanic origin

Total, 16 to 24 years 95 12.9

16 to 19 years 84 17.9

20 to 24 years 11 4.1

Men 55 15.1

Women 40 10.5

High school 71 19.9

College 24 6.5

Full-time students 8 3.7

Part-time students 15 11.6

TOTAL NOT ENROLLED

Total, 16 to 24 years 138 10.2

16 to 19 years 59 16.2

20 to 24 years 79 8.8

Less than a high school diploma 69 19.3

High school graduates, no college 41 9.4

Less than a bachelor’s degree 24 6.7

College graduates 5 3.8

Men, 16 to 24 years 50 10.4

16 to 19 years 26 16.7

20 to 24 years 25 9.0

Less than a high school diploma 26 17.2

High school graduates, no college 15 9.4

Less than a bachelor’s degree 5 7.2

College graduates 5 4.1

Women, 16 to 24 years 88 9.8

16 to 19 years 34 15.6

20 to 24 years 54 8.5

Less than a high school diploma 43 23.2

High school graduates, no college 26 9.3

Less than a bachelor’s degree 19 6.2

College graduates — 3.5

White

Total, 16 to 24 years 106 8.3

16 to 19 years 32 13.7

20 to 24 years 74 7.1

Men 37 8.2

Women 70 8.5

Less than a high school diploma 51 15.5

High school graduates, no college 29 7.8

Less than a bachelor’s degree 22 5.6

College graduates 5 3.6

Black

Total, 16 to 24 years 27 20.7

16 to 19 years 25 29.2

20 to 24 years 2 18.7

Men 11 25.2

Women 16 16.9

Less than a high school diploma 17 39.3

High school graduates, no college 11 18.1

Less than a bachelor’s degree — 11.4

College graduates — 5.9

Hispanic origin

Total, 16 to 24 years 12 10.5

16 to 19 years 6 18.9

20 to 24 years 6 7.9

Men 3 7.9

Women 9 14.8

Less than a high school diploma 9 13.7

High school graduates, no college 4 9.2

Less than a bachelor’s degree — 5.4

College graduates — —

NOTE: In the summer months, the educational attainment levels of youth

not enrolled in school are increased by the temporary movement of high

school and college students into that group. Detail for the above race

and Hispanic-origin groups will not sum to totals because data for the

“other races” group are not presented and Hispanics are included in

both the white and black population groups.

A-17. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional

population 25 years and over by educational attainment,

sex, race, and Hispanic origin

(Numbers in thousands)

Total

Apr. Apr.

TOTAL 2000 2001

Civilian noninstitutional population 174,844 176,479

Civilian labor force 118,302 119,089

Percent of population 67.7 67.5

Employed 115,024 115,256

Employment-population ratio 65.8 65.3

Unemployed 3,278 3,833

Unemployment rate 2.8 3.2

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian noninstitutional population 28,069 28,326

Civilian labor force 12,007 12,379

Percent of population 42.8 43.7

Employed 11,286 11,581

Employment-population ratio 40.2 40.9

Unemployed 721 798

Unemployment rate 6.0 6.4

High school graduates, no college

Civilian noninstitutional population 58,015 57,456

Civilian labor force 37,699 37,186

Percent of population 65.0 64.7

Employed 36,474 35,828

Employment-population ratio 62.9 62.4

Unemployed 1,226 1,358

Unemployment rate 3.3 3.7

Less than a bachelor’s degree(1)

Civilian noninstitutional population 43,896 44,653

Civilian labor force 32,522 32,891

Percent of population 74.1 73.7

Employed 31,684 31,937

Employment-population ratio 72.2 71.5

Unemployed 838 954

Unemployment rate 2.6 2.9

Some college, no degree

Civilian noninstitutional population 30,364 30,401

Civilian labor force 21,989 21,804

Percent of population 72.4 71.7

Employed 21,389 21,125

Employment-population ratio 70.4 69.5

Unemployed 600 678

Unemployment rate 2.7 3.1

Associate degree

Civilian noninstitutional population 13,532 14,252

Civilian labor force 10,532 11,087

Percent of population 77.8 77.8

Employed 10,295 10,812

Employment-population ratio 76.1 75.9

Unemployed 238 275

Unemployment rate 2.3 2.5

College graduates

Civilian noninstitutional population 44,864 46,045

Civilian labor force 36,074 36,633

Percent of population 80.4 79.6

Employed 35,581 35,909

Employment-population ratio 79.3 78.0

Unemployed 493 724

Unemployment rate 1.4 2.0

Men

Apr. Apr.

TOTAL 2000 2001

Civilian noninstitutional population 83,248 84,085

Civilian labor force 63,215 63,900

Percent of population 75.9 76.0

Employed 61,499 61,749

Employment-population ratio 73.9 73.4

Unemployed 1,716 2,151

Unemployment rate 2.7 3.4

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian noninstitutional population 13,085 13,345

Civilian labor force 7,189 7,405

Percent of population 54.9 55.5

Employed 6,849 6,987

Employment-population ratio 52.3 52.4

Unemployed 340 418

Unemployment rate 4.7 5.7

High school graduates, no college

Civilian noninstitutional population 26,693 26,554

Civilian labor force 19,934 19,851

Percent of population 74.7 74.8

Employed 19,228 19,046

Employment-population ratio 72.0 71.7

Unemployed 706 805

Unemployment rate 3.5 4.1

Less than a bachelor’s degree(1)

Civilian noninstitutional population 20,190 20,417

Civilian labor force 16,317 16,536

Percent of population 80.8 81.0

Employed 15,918 16,013

Employment-population ratio 78.8 78.4

Unemployed 398 523

Unemployment rate 2.4 3.2

Some college, no degree

Civilian noninstitutional population 14,290 14,370

Civilian labor force 11,312 11,354

Percent of population 79.2 79.0

Employed 11,021 10,957

Employment-population ratio 77.1 76.2

Unemployed 291 396

Unemployment rate 2.6 3.5

Associate degree

Civilian noninstitutional population 5,900 6,047

Civilian labor force 5,004 5,182

Percent of population 84.8 85.7

Employed 4,897 5,056

Employment-population ratio 83.0 83.6

Unemployed 107 127

Unemployment rate 2.1 2.4

College graduates

Civilian noninstitutional population 23,279 23,769

Civilian labor force 19,775 20,108

Percent of population 85.0 84.6

Employed 19,504 19,703

Employment-population ratio 83.8 82.9

Unemployed 271 405

Unemployment rate 1.4 2.0

Women

Apr. Apr.

TOTAL 2000 2001

Civilian noninstitutional population 91,597 92,394

Civilian labor force 55,087 55,189

Percent of population 60.1 59.7

Employed 53,525 53,507

Employment-population ratio 58.4 57.9

Unemployed 1,562 1,682

Unemployment rate 2.8 3.0

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian noninstitutional population 14,984 14,981

Civilian labor force 4,818 4,974

Percent of population 32.2 33.2

Employed 4,437 4,594

Employment-population ratio 29.6 30.7

Unemployed 381 379

Unemployment rate 7.9 7.6

High school graduates, no college

Civilian noninstitutional population 31,322 30,902

Civilian labor force 17,766 17,335

Percent of population 56.7 56.1

Employed 17,246 16,783

Employment-population ratio 55.1 54.3

Unemployed 520 552

Unemployment rate 2.9 3.2

Less than a bachelor’s degree(1)

Civilian noninstitutional population 23,705 24,236

Civilian labor force 16,205 16,355

Percent of population 68.4 67.5

Employed 15,766 15,924

Employment-population ratio 66.5 65.7

Unemployed 439 431

Unemployment rate 2.7 2.6

Some college, no degree

Civilian noninstitutional population 16,074 16,031

Civilian labor force 10,677 10,450

Percent of population 66.4 65.2

Employed 10,368 10,168

Employment-population ratio 64.5 63.4

Unemployed 309 282

Unemployment rate 2.9 2.7

Associate degree

Civilian noninstitutional population 7,632 8,205

Civilian labor force 5,528 5,905

Percent of population 72.4 72.0

Employed 5,398 5,756

Employment-population ratio 70.7 70.2

Unemployed 130 149

Unemployment rate 2.4 2.5

College graduates

Civilian noninstitutional population 21,585 22,276

Civilian labor force 16,298 16,525

Percent of population 75.5 74.2

Employed 16,076 16,206

Employment-population ratio 74.5 72.8

Unemployed 222 319

Unemployment rate 1.4 1.9

White

Apr. Apr.

TOTAL 2000 2001

Civilian noninstitutional population 146,750 147,776

Civilian labor force 98,959 99,299

Percent of population 67.4 67.2

Employed 96,517 96,363

Employment-population ratio 65.8 65.2

Unemployed 2,442 2,935

Unemployment rate 2.5 3.0

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian noninstitutional population 22,380 22,818

Civilian labor force 9,683 10,102

Percent of population 43.3 44.3

Employed 9,164 9,488

Employment-population ratio 40.9 41.6

Unemployed 519 614

Unemployment rate 5.4 6.1

High school graduates, no college

Civilian noninstitutional population 48,950 48,344

Civilian labor force 31,428 30,889

Percent of population 64.2 63.9

Employed 30,530 29,872

Employment-population ratio 62.4 61.8

Unemployed 898 1,017

Unemployment rate 2.9 3.3

Less than a bachelor’s degree(1)

Civilian noninstitutional population 36,975 37,325

Civilian labor force 27,051 27,130

Percent of population 73.2 72.7

Employed 26,412 26,402

Employment-population ratio 71.4 70.7

Unemployed 639 728

Unemployment rate 2.4 2.7

Some college, no degree

Civilian noninstitutional population 25,402 25,323

Civilian labor force 18,078 17,816

Percent of population 71.2 70.4

Employed 17,620 17,284

Employment-population ratio 69.4 68.3

Unemployed 458 533

Unemployment rate 2.5 3.0

Associate degree

Civilian noninstitutional population 11,573 12,002

Civilian labor force 8,973 9,313

Percent of population 77.5 77.6

Employed 8,792 9,118

Employment-population ratio 76.0 76.0

Unemployed 180 195

Unemployment rate 2.0 2.1

College graduates

Civilian noninstitutional population 38,446 39,290

Civilian labor force 30,797 31,177

Percent of population 80.1 79.4

Employed 30,410 30,602

Employment-population ratio 79.1 77.9

Unemployed 386 575

Unemployment rate 1.3 1.8

Black

Apr. Apr.

TOTAL 2000 2001

Civilian noninstitutional population 19,990 20,267

Civilian labor force 13,636 13,839

Percent of population 68.2 68.3

Employed 13,005 13,150

Employment-population ratio 65.1 64.9

Unemployed 631 688

Unemployment rate 4.6 5.0

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian noninstitutional population 4,327 4,280

Civilian labor force 1,680 1,750

Percent of population 38.8 40.9

Employed 1,522 1,584

Employment-population ratio 35.2 37.0

Unemployed 158 166

Unemployment rate 9.4 9.5

High school graduates, no college

Civilian noninstitutional population 7,175 7,267

Civilian labor force 5,032 5,050

Percent of population 70.1 69.5

Employed 4,768 4,776

Employment-population ratio 66.4 65.7

Unemployed 265 274

Unemployment rate 5.3 5.4

Less than a bachelor’s degree(1)

Civilian noninstitutional population 5,279 5,501

Civilian labor force 4,205 4,353

Percent of population 79.7 79.1

Employed 4,058 4,176

Employment-population ratio 76.9 75.9

Unemployed 147 176

Unemployment rate 3.5 4.0

Some college, no degree

Civilian noninstitutional population 3,890 3,910

Civilian labor force 3,086 3,095

Percent of population 79.3 79.1

Employed 2,975 2,985

Employment-population ratio 76.5 76.3

Unemployed 111 110

Unemployment rate 3.6 3.6

Associate degree

Civilian noninstitutional population 1,389 1,590

Civilian labor force 1,120 1,258

Percent of population 80.6 79.1

Employed 1,084 1,192

Employment-population ratio 78.0 74.9

Unemployed 36 66

Unemployment rate 3.2 5.3

College graduates

Civilian noninstitutional population 3,209 3,218

Civilian labor force 2,718 2,686

Percent of population 84.7 83.5

Employed 2,657 2,613

Employment-population ratio 82.8 81.2

Unemployed 61 73

Unemployment rate 2.3 2.7

Hispanic origin

Apr. Apr.

TOTAL 2000 2001

Civilian noninstitutional population 17,252 17,811

Civilian labor force 12,102 12,526

Percent of population 70.1 70.3

Employed 11,612 11,932

Employment-population ratio 67.3 67.0

Unemployed 490 594

Unemployment rate 4.1 4.7

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian noninstitutional population 7,192 7,726

Civilian labor force 4,290 4,670

Percent of population 59.7 60.4

Employed 4,038 4,361

Employment-population ratio 56.2 56.4

Unemployed 252 309

Unemployment rate 5.9 6.6

High school graduates, no college

Civilian noninstitutional population 4,964 4,967

Civilian labor force 3,682 3,724

Percent of population 74.2 75.0

Employed 3,542 3,569

Employment-population ratio 71.4 71.8

Unemployed 140 156

Unemployment rate 3.8 4.2

Less than a bachelor’s degree(1)

Civilian noninstitutional population 3,187 3,120

Civilian labor force 2,515 2,491

Percent of population 78.9 79.8

Employed 2,455 2,415

Employment-population ratio 77.0 77.4

Unemployed 59 76

Unemployment rate 2.4 3.0

Some college, no degree

Civilian noninstitutional population 2,322 2,314

Civilian labor force 1,812 1,862

Percent of population 78.1 80.5

Employed 1,771 1,809

Employment-population ratio 76.3 78.2

Unemployed 41 53

Unemployment rate 2.3 2.8

Associate degree

Civilian noninstitutional population 865 806

Civilian labor force 702 629

Percent of population 81.2 78.0

Employed 684 606

Employment-population ratio 79.1 75.1

Unemployed 18 23

Unemployment rate 2.6 3.7

College graduates

Civilian noninstitutional population 1,910 1,998

Civilian labor force 1,615 1,640

Percent of population 84.6 82.1

Employed 1,576 1,587

Employment-population ratio 82.5 79.4

Unemployed 39 53

Unemployment rate 2.4 3.2

(1) Includes the categories, some college, no degree; and associate

degree.

NOTE: Detail for the above race and Hispanic-origin groups will not

sum to totals because data for the “other races” group are not

presented and Hispanics are included in both the white and black

population groups.

A-18. Employed and unemployed full- and part-time workers

by age, sex, and race

(In thousands)

April 2001

Employed (1)

Full-time workers

At work

1 to 34

35 hours for

hours economic or

or noneconomic

Age, sex, and race Total more reasons

TOTAL

Total, 16 years and over 111,582 93,973 13,630

16 to 19 years 1,840 1,571 227

16 to 17 years 175 146 24

18 to 19 years 1,665 1,425 203

20 years and over 109,742 92,402 13,403

20 to 24 years 9,540 8,196 1,130

25 years and over 100,202 84,206 12,273

25 to 54 years 86,459 73,039 10,347

55 years and over 13,744 11,167 1,926

Men, 16 years and over 64,135 55,490 6,693

16 to 19 years 1,056 890 147

20 years and over 63,079 54,600 6,546

20 to 24 years 5,325 4,625 612

25 years and over 57,754 49,975 5,935

25 to 54 years 49,582 43,158 4,949

55 years and over 8,172 6,817 985

Women, 16 years and over 47,448 38,483 6,936

16 to 19 years 784 681 80

20 years and over 46,663 37,802 6,856

20 to 24 years 4,215 3,571 518

25 years and over 42,449 34,231 6,338

25 to 54 years 38,877 29,880 5,398

55 years and over 5,572 4,350 940

White

Men, 16 years and over 54,711 47,250 5,806

16 to 19 years 943 791 139

20 years and over 53,768 46,459 5,667

20 to 24 years 4,539 3,952 518

25 years and over 49,229 42,507 5,149

25 to 54 years 42,028 36,528 4,263

55 years and over 7,201 5,980 886

Women, 16 years and over 38,041 30,549 5,840

16 to 19 years 651 564 64

20 years and over 37,390 29,985 5,776

20 to 24 years 3,395 2,858 448

25 years and over 33,995 27,127 5,328

25 to 54 years 29,286 23,492 4,503

55 years and over 4,709 3,635 825

Black

Men, 16 years and over 6,286 5,469 614

16 to 19 years 84 74 7

20 years and over 6,202 5,395 608

20 to 24 years 530 449 63

25 years and over 5,672 4,946 545

25 to 54 years 5,064 4,435 468

55 years and over 608 510 77

Women, 16 years and over 6,954 5,859 826

16 to 19 years 125 113 12

20 years and over 6,829 5,746 814

20 to 24 years 620 547 42

25 years and over 6,209 5,199 772

25 to 54 years 5,580 4,685 678

55 years and over 629 513 94

April 2001

Employed(1)

Full-time

workers

Not

at

Age, sex, and race work Total

TOTAL

Total, 16 years and over 3,979 23,540

16 to 19 years 42 4,723

16 to 17 years 5 2,193

18 to 19 years 36 2,530

20 years and over 3,938 18,817

20 to 24 years 214 3,763

25 years and over 3,724 15,054

25 to 54 years 3,073 10,521

55 years and over 651 4,533

Men, 16 years and over 1,951 7,853

16 to 19 years 19 2,288

20 years and over 1,933 5,565

20 to 24 years 88 1,569

25 years and over 1,844 3,995

25 to 54 years 1,474 2,132

55 years and over 370 1,863

Women, 16 years and over 2,028 15,687

16 to 19 years 23 2,435

20 years and over 2,005 13,252

20 to 24 years 125 2,194

25 years and over 1,880 11,058

25 to 54 years 1,599 8,389

55 years and over 281 2,669

White

Men, 16 years and over 1,655 6,660

16 to 19 years 13 1,999

20 years and over 1,642 4,662

20 to 24 years 70 1,323

25 years and over 1,572 3,339

25 to 54 years 1,237 1,678

55 years and over 335 1,661

Women, 16 years and over 1,652 13,750

16 to 19 years 23 2,135

20 years and over 1,629 11,614

20 to 24 years 89 1,814

25 years and over 1,540 9,800

25 to 54 years 1,291 7,383

55 years and over 249 2,418

Black

Men, 16 years and over 202 765

16 to 19 years 3 192

20 years and over 199 573

20 to 24 years 18 146

25 years and over 180 427

25 to 54 years 160 283

55 years and over 20 144

Women, 16 years and over 269 1,330

16 to 19 years — 219

20 years and over 269 1,111

20 to 24 years 31 267

25 years and over 238 843

25 to 54 years 217 634

55 years and over 22 209

April 2001

Employed(1)

Part-time workers

At work(2)

Part time for Part time for

economic noneconomic

Age, sex, and race reasons reasons

TOTAL

Total, 16 years and over 2,054 19,754

16 to 19 years 218 4,263

16 to 17 years 39 2,037

18 to 19 years 179 2,226

20 years and over 1,836 15,491

20 to 24 years 445 3,129

25 years and over 1,392 12,362

25 to 54 years 1,198 8,467

55 years and over 194 3,894

Men, 16 years and over 988 6,421

16 to 19 years 92 2,070

20 years and over 895 4,350

20 to 24 years 225 1,283

25 years and over 670 3,067

25 to 54 years 567 1,471

55 years and over 103 1,596

Women, 16 years and over 1,067 13,333

16 to 19 years 126 2,193

20 years and over 941 11,140

20 to 24 years 220 1,846

25 years and over 721 9,295

25 to 54 years 631 6,996

55 years and over 90 2,298

White

Men, 16 years and over 769 5,513

16 to 19 years 71 1,816

20 years and over 698 3,698

20 to 24 years 185 1,086

25 years and over 514 2,611

25 to 54 years 429 1,182

55 years and over 85 1,430

Women, 16 years and over 828 11,785

16 to 19 years 89 1,938

20 years and over 740 9,847

20 to 24 years 182 1,515

25 years and over 558 8,332

25 to 54 years 471 6,253

55 years and over 87 2,079

Black

Men, 16 years and over 162 562

16 to 19 years 20 167

20 years and over 142 395

20 to 24 years 38 102

25 years and over 104 293

25 to 54 years 98 169

55 years and over 5 125

Women, 16 years and over 167 1,058

16 to 19 years 23 192

20 years and over 145 866

20 to 24 years 35 222

25 years and over 110 644

25 to 54 years 107 461

55 years and over 2 183

April 2001

Unemployed

Part-time

workers

Looking Looking

Not for for

at full-time part-time

Age, sex, and race work work work

TOTAL

Total, 16 years and over 1,732 4,694 1,256

16 to 19 years 242 406 604

16 to 17 years 117 91 408

18 to 19 years 125 315 196

20 years and over 1,490 4,288 653

20 to 24 years 190 893 215

25 years and over 1,300 3,395 438

25 to 54 years 856 3,028 321

55 years and over 445 367 116

Men, 16 years and over 445 2,741 585

16 to 19 years 125 228 333

20 years and over 319 2,513 252

20 to 24 years 61 512 103

25 years and over 258 2,001 150

25 to 54 years 94 1,776 88

55 years and over 164 225 61

Women, 16 years and over 1,287 1,953 671

16 to 19 years 117 178 271

20 years and over 1,171 1,775 400

20 to 24 years 128 381 112

25 years and over 1,042 1,394 288

25 to 54 years 762 1,252 233

55 years and over 280 142 55

White

Men, 16 years and over 378 2,027 440

16 to 19 years 112 174 247

20 years and over 266 1,853 193

20 to 24 years 52 318 81

25 years and over 214 1,536 112

25 to 54 years 67 1,350 56

55 years and over 147 186 56

Women, 16 years and over 1,137 1,427 516

16 to 19 years 109 132 193

20 years and over 1,028 1,296 323

20 to 24 years 117 251 80

25 years and over 911 1,044 243

25 to 54 years 659 922 198

55 years and over 252 122 45

Black

Men, 16 years and over 41 559 135

16 to 19 years 4 43 80

20 years and over 36 517 55

20 to 24 years 7 161 18

25 years and over 30 355 37

25 to 54 years 16 322 32

55 years and over 14 33 5

Women, 16 years and over 104 420 128

16 to 19 years 4 41 70

20 years and over 100 379 57

20 to 24 years 10 115 26

25 years and over 90 264 32

25 to 54 years 66 258 29

55 years and over 24 6 2

(1) Employed persons are classified as full- or part-time workers

based on their usual weekly hours at all jobs regardless of the

number of hours they are at work during the reference week.

Persons absent from work also are classified according to their

usual status.

(2) Includes some persons at work 35 hours or more classified by

their reason for working part time.

A-19. Employed persons by occupation, sex, and age

(In thousands)

Total

16 years

Occupation and over

Apr. Apr.

2000 2001

Total 135,215 135,122

Managerial and professional specialty 40,745 41,836

Executive, administrative, and managerial 19,925 20,404

Officials and administrators, public

administration 793 828

Other executive, administrative, and

managerial 14,199 14,268

Management-related occupations 4,934 5,308

Professional specialty 20,821 21,432

Engineers 2,118 2,178

Mathematical and computer scientists 1,999 2,105

Natural scientists 525 542

Health diagnosing occupations 1,021 1,078

Health assessment and treating occupations 2,782 3,110

Teachers, college and university 942 1,064

Teachers, except college and university 5,579 5,428

Lawyers and judges 888 863

Other professional specialty occupations 4,967 5,063

Technical, sales, and administrative support 39,561 39,053

Technicians and related support 4,335 4,460

Health technologists and technicians 1,716 1,819

Engineering and science technicians 1,252 1,260

Technicians, except health, engineering,

and science 1,367 1,381

Sales occupations 16,446 16,141

Supervisors and proprietors 4,894 4,721

Sales representatives, finance and business

services 2,899 3,000

Sales representatives, commodities, except

retail 1,624 1,631

Sales workers, retail and personal services 6,908 6,695

Sales-related occupations 120 94

Administrative support, including clerical 18,780 18,451

Supervisors 751 773

Computer equipment operators 295 361

Secretaries, stenographers, and typists 3,616 3,109

Financial records processing 2,221 2,171

Mail and message distributing 955 872

Other administrative support, including

clerical 10,943 11,165

Service occupations 18,734 18,331

Private household 874 719

Protective service 2,440 2,387

Service, except private household and protective 15,420 15,226

Food service 6,305 6,249

Health service 2,737 2,740

Cleaning and building service 3,208 3,093

Personal service 3,170 3,144

Precision production, craft, and repair 14,530 14,760

Mechanics and repairers 4,937 4,904

Construction trades 5,789 5,918

Other precision production, craft, and repair 3,805 3,939

Operators, fabricators, and laborers 18,212 17,917

Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors 7,433 6,913

Transportation and material moving occupations 5,441 5,741

Motor vehicle operators 4,106 4,350

Other transportation and material moving

occupations 1,335 1,392

Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and

laborers 5,338 5,263

Construction laborers 939 995

Other handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers,

and laborers 4,399 4,269

Farming, forestry, and fishing 3,432 3,225

Farm operators and managers 1,135 1,096

Other farming, forestry, and fishing occupations 2,298 2,128

Men

16 years

Occupation and over

Apr. Apr.

2000 2001

Total 71,979 71,987

Managerial and professional specialty 20,604 21,037

Executive, administrative, and managerial 11,108 11,075

Officials and administrators, public

administration 435 425

Other executive, administrative, and

managerial 8,486 8,482

Management-related occupations 2,187 2,167

Professional specialty 9,496 9,962

Engineers 1,890 1,961

Mathematical and computer scientists 1,368 1,425

Natural scientists 345 364

Health diagnosing occupations 732 784

Health assessment and treating occupations 365 447

Teachers, college and university 533 591

Teachers, except college and university 1,328 1,397

Lawyers and judges 636 615

Other professional specialty occupations 2,299 2,379

Technical, sales, and administrative support 14,195 14,021

Technicians and related support 2,065 2,106

Health technologists and technicians 314 336

Engineering and science technicians 930 918

Technicians, except health, engineering,

and science 820 852

Sales occupations 8,273 8,179

Supervisors and proprietors 2,883 2,745

Sales representatives, finance and business

services 1,677 1,664

Sales representatives, commodities, except

retail 1,187 1,258

Sales workers, retail and personal services 2,487 2,478

Sales-related occupations 39 35

Administrative support, including clerical 3,858 3,736

Supervisors 339 220

Computer equipment operators 144 172

Secretaries, stenographers, and typists 75 60

Financial records processing 177 211

Mail and message distributing 532 525

Other administrative support, including

clerical 2,590 2,547

Service occupations 7,427 7,258

Private household 50 27

Protective service 2,005 1,937

Service, except private household and protective 5,373 5,294

Food service 2,717 2,722

Health service 276 304

Cleaning and building service 1,812 1,668

Personal service 569 600

Precision production, craft, and repair 13,101 13,414

Mechanics and repairers 4,660 4,716

Construction trades 5,620 5,767

Other precision production, craft, and repair 2,820 2,931

Operators, fabricators, and laborers 14,011 13,747

Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors 4,842 4,349

Transportation and material moving occupations 4,917 5,200

Motor vehicle operators 3,639 3,873

Other transportation and material moving

occupations 1,278 1,328

Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and

laborers 4,252 4,198

Construction laborers 889 952

Other handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers,

and laborers 3,363 3,246

Farming, forestry, and fishing 2,642 2,511

Farm operators and managers 839 829

Other farming, forestry, and fishing occupations 1,802 1,682

Men

20 years

Occupation and over

Apr. Apr.

2000 2001

Total 68,389 68,644

Managerial and professional specialty 20,480 20,908

Executive, administrative, and managerial 11,039 11,033

Officials and administrators, public

administration 435 425

Other executive, administrative, and

managerial 8,428 8,450

Management-related occupations 2,175 2,159

Professional specialty 9,441 9,875

Engineers 1,890 1,959

Mathematical and computer scientists 1,358 1,414

Natural scientists 345 364

Health diagnosing occupations 732 784

Health assessment and treating occupations 365 447

Teachers, college and university 532 588

Teachers, except college and university 1,317 1,371

Lawyers and judges 636 615

Other professional specialty occupations 2,267 2,333

Technical, sales, and administrative support 13,352 13,120

Technicians and related support 2,024 2,065

Health technologists and technicians 312 329

Engineering and science technicians 916 894

Technicians, except health, engineering,

and science 796 842

Sales occupations 7,684 7,563

Supervisors and proprietors 2,855 2,729

Sales representatives, finance and business

services 1,629 1,650

Sales representatives, commodities, except

retail 1,180 1,256

Sales workers, retail and personal services 1,984 1,898

Sales-related occupations 36 29

Administrative support, including clerical 3,644 3,492

Supervisors 332 216

Computer equipment operators 140 167

Secretaries, stenographers, and typists 65 55

Financial records processing 176 199

Mail and message distributing 528 510

Other administrative support, including

clerical 2,403 2,344

Service occupations 6,330 6,280

Private household 42 22

Protective service 1,971 1,905

Service, except private household and protective 4,317 4,353

Food service 1,867 1,970

Health service 265 282

Cleaning and building service 1,692 1,577

Personal service 492 524

Precision production, craft, and repair 12,817 13,133

Mechanics and repairers 4,572 4,614

Construction trades 5,477 5,641

Other precision production, craft, and repair 2,768 2,878

Operators, fabricators, and laborers 12,970 12,865

Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors 4,660 4,221

Transportation and material moving occupations 4,740 5,070

Motor vehicle operators 3,498 3,770

Other transportation and material moving

occupations 1,242 1,300

Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and

laborers 3,569 3,574

Construction laborers 834 897

Other handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers,

and laborers 2,736 2,677

Farming, forestry, and fishing 2,440 2,337

Farm operators and managers 826 820

Other farming, forestry, and fishing occupations 1,614 1,517

Women

16 years

Occupation and over

Apr. Apr.

2000 2001

Total 63,236 63,135

Managerial and professional specialty 20,142 20,799

Executive, administrative, and managerial 8,817 9,329

Officials and administrators, public

administration 358 403

Other executive, administrative, and

managerial 5,713 5,786

Management-related occupations 2,746 3,141

Professional specialty 11,325 11,469

Engineers 227 217

Mathematical and computer scientists 631 680

Natural scientists 180 178

Health diagnosing occupations 289 294

Health assessment and treating occupations 2,417 2,664

Teachers, college and university 408 474

Teachers, except college and university 4,252 4,031

Lawyers and judges 252 248

Other professional specialty occupations 2,668 2,684

Technical, sales, and administrative support 25,366 25,032

Technicians and related support 2,270 2,354

Health technologists and technicians 1,402 1,484

Engineering and science technicians 321 342

Technicians, except health, engineering,

and science 547 529

Sales occupations 8,173 7,962

Supervisors and proprietors 2,011 1,976

Sales representatives, finance and business

services 1,222 1,336

Sales representatives, commodities, except

retail 437 372

Sales workers, retail and personal services 4,421 4,218

Sales-related occupations 82 60

Administrative support, including clerical 14,922 14,716

Supervisors 412 553

Computer equipment operators 151 190

Secretaries, stenographers, and typists 3,541 3,049

Financial records processing 2,043 1,960

Mail and message distributing 422 348

Other administrative support, including

clerical 8,353 8,617

Service occupations 11,307 11,074

Private household 824 692

Protective service 436 450

Service, except private household and protective 10,047 9,932

Food service 3,588 3,527

Health service 2,461 2,436

Cleaning and building service 1,396 1,425

Personal service 2,602 2,544

Precision production, craft, and repair 1,430 1,346

Mechanics and repairers 277 187

Construction trades 169 151

Other precision production, craft, and repair 984 1,007

Operators, fabricators, and laborers 4,202 4,171

Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors 2,591 2,564

Transportation and material moving occupations 524 541

Motor vehicle operators 467 477

Other transportation and material moving

occupations 57 64

Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and

laborers 1,086 1,066

Construction laborers 50 43

Other handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers,

and laborers 1,036 1,023

Farming, forestry, and fishing 790 714

Farm operators and managers 295 267

Other farming, forestry, and fishing occupations 495 447

Women

20 years

Occupation and over

Apr. Apr.

2000 2001

Total 59,785 59,915

Managerial and professional specialty 19,974 20,624

Executive, administrative, and managerial 8,760 9,272

Officials and administrators, public

administration 356 401

Other executive, administrative, and

managerial 5,675 5,734

Management-related occupations 2,729 3,137

Professional specialty 11,215 11,352

Engineers 224 217

Mathematical and computer scientists 626 677

Natural scientists 180 178

Health diagnosing occupations 289 294

Health assessment and treating occupations 2,417 2,657

Teachers, college and university 406 460

Teachers, except college and university 4,175 3,978

Lawyers and judges 252 248

Other professional specialty occupations 2,646 2,643

Technical, sales, and administrative support 23,549 23,265

Technicians and related support 2,225 2,331

Health technologists and technicians 1,383 1,472

Engineering and science technicians 300 332

Technicians, except health, engineering,

and science 543 527

Sales occupations 6,995 6,842

Supervisors and proprietors 1,982 1,949

Sales representatives, finance and business

services 1,182 1,308

Sales representatives, commodities, except

retail 429 357

Sales workers, retail and personal services 3,324 3,172

Sales-related occupations 78 55

Administrative support, including clerical 14,329 14,092

Supervisors 412 545

Computer equipment operators 151 180

Secretaries, stenographers, and typists 3,463 2,977

Financial records processing 2,008 1,926

Mail and message distributing 410 336

Other administrative support, including

clerical 7,884 8,128

Service occupations 10,147 10,071

Private household 741 624

Protective service 416 432

Service, except private household and protective 8,990 9,015

Food service 2,880 2,907

Health service 2,349 2,351

Cleaning and building service 1,354 1,357

Personal service 2,408 2,399

Precision production, craft, and repair 1,402 1,297

Mechanics and repairers 277 175

Construction trades 160 151

Other precision production, craft, and repair 966 970

Operators, fabricators, and laborers 3,982 3,986

Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors 2,502 2,481

Transportation and material moving occupations 504 536

Motor vehicle operators 447 472

Other transportation and material moving

occupations 57 64

Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and

laborers 976 969

Construction laborers 45 40

Other handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers,

and laborers 930 928

Farming, forestry, and fishing 730 672

Farm operators and managers 295 267

Other farming, forestry, and fishing occupations 435 405

A-20. Employed persons by occupation, race, and sex

(Percent distribution)

Total

Apr. Apr.

Occupation and race 2000 2001

TOTAL

Total, 16 years and over (thousands) 135,215 135,122

Percent 100.0 100.0

Managerial and professional specialty 30.1 31.0

Executive, administrative, and managerial 14.7 15.1

Professional specialty 15.4 15.9

Technical, sales, and administrative support 29.3 28.9

Technicians and related support 3.2 3.3

Sales occupations 12.2 11.9

Administrative support, including clerical 13.9 13.7

Service occupations 13.9 13.6

Private household .6 .5

Protective service 1.8 1.8

Service, except private household and protective 11.4 11.3

Precision production, craft, and repair 10.7 10.9

Operators, fabricators, and laborers 13.5 13.3

Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors 5.5 5.1

Transportation and material moving occupations 4.0 4.2

Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and

laborers 3.9 3.9

Farming, forestry, and fishing 2.5 2.4

White

Total, 16 years and over (thousands) 113,458 113,162

Percent 100.0 100.0

Managerial and professional specialty 31.0 31.9

Executive, administrative, and managerial 15.4 15.8

Professional specialty 15.6 16.1

Technical, sales, and administrative support 29.4 28.9

Technicians and related support 3.2 3.2

Sales occupations 12.6 12.3

Administrative support, including clerical 13.6 13.4

Service occupations 12.6 12.4

Private household .6 .5

Protective service 1.6 1.6

Service, except private household and protective 10.4 10.3

Precision production, craft, and repair 11.3 11.6

Operators, fabricators, and laborers 12.9 12.6

Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors 5.3 4.8

Transportation and material moving occupations 3.9 4.0

Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and

laborers 3.8 3.7

Farming, forestry, and fishing 2.8 2.6

Black

Total, 16 years and over (thousands) 15,412 15,334

Percent 100.0 100.0

Managerial and professional specialty 21.4 22.2

Executive, administrative, and managerial 10.0 10.2

Professional specialty 11.4 12.1

Technical, sales, and administrative support 28.7 28.6

Technicians and related support 3.1 3.5

Sales occupations 8.9 9.3

Administrative support, including clerical 16.6 15.9

Service occupations 22.7 21.7

Private household .9 .6

Protective service 3.2 3.2

Service, except private household and protective 18.5 17.9

Precision production, craft, and repair 7.9 7.4

Operators, fabricators, and laborers 18.3 18.9

Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors 6.8 6.8

Transportation and material moving occupations 5.7 6.4

Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and

laborers 5.7 5.7

Farming, forestry, and fishing 1.1 1.2

Men

Apr. Apr.

Occupation and race 2000 2001

TOTAL

Total, 16 years and over (thousands) 71,979 71,987

Percent 100.0 100.0

Managerial and professional specialty 28.6 29.2

Executive, administrative, and managerial 15.4 15.4

Professional specialty 13.2 13.8

Technical, sales, and administrative support 19.7 19.5

Technicians and related support 2.9 2.9

Sales occupations 11.5 11.4

Administrative support, including clerical 5.4 5.2

Service occupations 10.3 10.1

Private household .1 (1)

Protective service 2.8 2.7

Service, except private household and protective 7.5 7.4

Precision production, craft, and repair 18.2 18.6

Operators, fabricators, and laborers 19.5 19.1

Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors 6.7 6.0

Transportation and material moving occupations 6.8 7.2

Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and

laborers 5.9 5.8

Farming, forestry, and fishing 3.7 3.5

White

Total, 16 years and over (thousands) 61,413 61,372

Percent 100.0 100.0

Managerial and professional specialty 29.4 30.0

Executive, administrative, and managerial 16.3 16.2

Professional specialty 13.2 13.8

Technical, sales, and administrative support 19.7 19.6

Technicians and related support 2.8 2.8

Sales occupations 12.1 11.9

Administrative support, including clerical 4.9 4.9

Service occupations 9.2 9.1

Private household (1) (1)

Protective service 2.6 2.5

Service, except private household and protective 6.6 6.6

Precision production, craft, and repair 19.0 19.6

Operators, fabricators, and laborers 18.7 18.0

Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors 6.5 5.8

Transportation and material moving occupations 6.5 6.8

Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and

laborers 5.6 5.4

Farming, forestry, and fishing 4.0 3.8

Black

Total, 16 years and over (thousands) 7,202 7,050

Percent 100.0 100.0

Managerial and professional specialty 18.5 18.8

Executive, administrative, and managerial 9.5 9.3

Professional specialty 9.0 9.5

Technical, sales, and administrative support 17.9 17.2

Technicians and related support 2.8 2.7

Sales occupations 6.8 7.3

Administrative support, including clerical 8.3 7.1

Service occupations 18.8 18.0

Private household (1) —

Protective service 5.2 5.1

Service, except private household and protective 13.5 12.9

Precision production, craft, and repair 14.7 13.9

Operators, fabricators, and laborers 28.0 30.0

Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors 8.1 8.1

Transportation and material moving occupations 10.8 12.3

Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and

laborers 9.1 9.6

Farming, forestry, and fishing 2.1 2.1

Women

Apr. Apr.

Occupation and race 2000 2001

TOTAL

Total, 16 years and over (thousands) 63,236 63,135

Percent 100.0 100.0

Managerial and professional specialty 31.9 32.9

Executive, administrative, and managerial 13.9 14.8

Professional specialty 17.9 18.2

Technical, sales, and administrative support 40.1 39.6

Technicians and related support 3.6 3.7

Sales occupations 12.9 12.6

Administrative support, including clerical 23.6 23.3

Service occupations 17.9 17.5

Private household 1.3 1.1

Protective service .7 .7

Service, except private household and protective 15.9 15.7

Precision production, craft, and repair 2.3 2.1

Operators, fabricators, and laborers 6.6 6.6

Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors 4.1 4.1

Transportation and material moving occupations .8 .9

Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and

laborers 1.7 1.7

Farming, forestry, and fishing 1.2 1.1

White

Total, 16 years and over (thousands) 52,045 51,790

Percent 100.0 100.0

Managerial and professional specialty 32.8 34.1

Executive, administrative, and managerial 14.3 15.3

Professional specialty 18.5 18.8

Technical, sales, and administrative support 40.8 40.0

Technicians and related support 3.6 3.6

Sales occupations 13.2 12.9

Administrative support, including clerical 23.9 23.5

Service occupations 16.6 16.3

Private household 1.2 1.1

Protective service .6 .6

Service, except private household and protective 14.8 14.6

Precision production, craft, and repair 2.3 2.1

Operators, fabricators, and laborers 6.1 6.1

Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors 3.8 3.7

Transportation and material moving occupations .8 .8

Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and

laborers 1.6 1.6

Farming, forestry, and fishing 1.5 1.3

Black

Total, 16 years and over (thousands) 8,210 8,284

Percent 100.0 100.0

Managerial and professional specialty 23.9 25.1

Executive, administrative, and managerial 10.4 10.9

Professional specialty 13.5 14.2

Technical, sales, and administrative support 38.1 38.4

Technicians and related support 3.4 4.1

Sales occupations 10.8 10.9

Administrative support, including clerical 23.9 23.3

Service occupations 26.2 24.8

Private household 1.6 1.1

Protective service 1.6 1.6

Service, except private household and protective 23.0 22.1

Precision production, craft, and repair 1.8 1.9

Operators, fabricators, and laborers 9.8 9.5

Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors 5.7 5.7

Transportation and material moving occupations 1.3 1.4

Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and

laborers 2.8 2.4

Farming, forestry, and fishing .1 .4

(1) Less than 0.05 percent.

A-21. Employed persons by industry and occupation

(In thousands)

April 2001

Managerial and

professional

specialty

Executive

administrative,

Total and Professional

Industry employed managerial specialty

Agriculture 3,163 85 120

Mining 586 97 77

Construction 9,198 1,325 171

Manufacturing 19,599 3,037 2,032

Durable goods 12,057 1,798 1,365

Nondurable goods 7,542 1,238 666

Transportation and public

utilities 9,791 1,381 650

Wholesale and retail trade 27,515 2,684 612

Wholesale trade 5,218 697 124

Retail trade 22,296 1,987 488

Finance, insurance, and

real estate 8,761 2,548 338

Services 50,351 7,738 16,399

Private households 829 2 4

Other service industries 49,522 7,736 16,395

Professional services 33,444 4,584 13,913

Public administration 6,159 1,509 1,033

April 2001

Technical, sales, and

administrative

support

Administrative

Technicians support,

and related including

Industry support Sales clerical

Agriculture 45 29 151

Mining 7 14 60

Construction 60 67 431

Manufacturing 574 749 1,781

Durable goods 411 331 999

Nondurable goods 163 419 782

Transportation and public

utilities 404 309 2,308

Wholesale and retail trade 301 11,351 2,236

Wholesale trade 76 2,143 803

Retail trade 226 9,207 1,433

Finance, insurance, and

real estate 153 2,373 2,794

Services 2,684 1,226 7,457

Private households 7 — 12

Other service industries 2,677 1,226 7,445

Professional services 2,188 219 5,443

Public administration 233 23 1,232

April 2001

Service

occupations

Precision

production,

Private Other craft, and

Industry household service(1) repair

Agriculture — 13 35

Mining — 3 210

Construction — 47 5,376

Manufacturing — 258 3,720

Durable goods — 141 2,686

Nondurable goods — 117 1,035

Transportation and public

utilities — 313 1,332

Wholesale and retail trade — 5,293 1,474

Wholesale trade — 39 320

Retail trade — 5,254 1,154

Finance, insurance, and

real estate — 336 137

Services 719 9,595 2,244

Private households 719 68 —

Other service industries — 9,526 2,244

Professional services — 5,939 442

Public administration — 1,755 232

April 2001

Operators,

fabricators,

and laborers

Machine

operators,

assemblers, Transportation

and and material

Industry inspectors moving

Agriculture 4 37

Mining 19 82

Construction 115 530

Manufacturing 5,547 789

Durable goods 3,299 446

Nondurable goods 2,249 343

Transportation and public

utilities 122 2,374

Wholesale and retail trade 307 1,203

Wholesale trade 101 493

Retail trade 206 709

Finance, insurance, and

real estate 10 8

Services 765 666

Private households — 3

Other service industries 765 662

Professional services 144 388

Public administration 24 54

April 2001

Operators,

fabricators,

and laborers

Handlers,

equipment

cleaners, Farming,

helpers, forestry,

and and

Industry laborers fishing

Agriculture 7 2,637

Mining 18 —

Construction 1,066 10

Manufacturing 1,047 64

Durable goods 517 64

Nondurable goods 530 —

Transportation and public

utilities 589 10

Wholesale and retail trade 1,970 84

Wholesale trade 375 47

Retail trade 1,596 36

Finance, insurance, and

real estate 17 47

Services 519 338

Private households 2 13

Other service industries 518 326

Professional services 114 70

Public administration 30 35

(1) Includes protective service, not shown separately.

A-22. Employed persons in agriculture and nonagricultural

industries by age, sex, and class of worker

(In thousands)

April 2001

Agriculture

Wage and Self Unpaid

salary -employed family

Age and sex workers workers workers

Total, 16 years and over 1,906 1,218 39

16 to 19 years 170 20 8

16 to 17 years 44 10 5

18 to 19 years 126 9 3

20 to 24 years 250 22 15

25 to 34 years 478 132 4

35 to 44 years 545 306 7

45 to 54 years 254 293 2

55 to 64 years 143 247 —

65 years and over 66 199 3

Men, 16 years and over 1,382 873 31

16 to 19 years 140 17 8

16 to 17 years 35 8 5

18 to 19 years 105 9 3

20 to 24 years 188 16 11

25 to 34 years 344 102 4

35 to 44 years 374 217 4

45 to 54 years 187 205 —

55 to 64 years 106 166 —

65 years and over 44 150 3

Women, 16 years and over 524 346 8

16 to 19 years 31 3 —

16 to 17 years 10 3 —

18 to 19 years 21 — —

20 to 24 years 63 6 3

25 to 34 years 134 30 —

35 to 44 years 171 89 2

45 to 54 years 66 87 2

55 to 64 years 37 81 —

65 years and over 12 49 —

April 2000

Nonagricultural industries

Wage and salary workers

Private industries

Private

household

Age and sex Total Total workers

Total, 16 years and over 123,186 104,068 820

16 to 19 years 6,292 6,049 83

16 to 17 years 2,286 2,230 37

18 to 19 years 4,006 3,820 46

20 to 24 years 12,838 11,704 123

25 to 34 years 27,843 24,166 126

35 to 44 years 33,359 28,271 164

45 to 54 years 27,447 21,489 143

55 to 64 years 12,209 9,709 108

65 years and over 3,197 2,679 72

Men, 16 years and over 64,475 56,191 44

16 to 19 years 3,131 3,036 7

16 to 17 years 1,131 1,102 3

18 to 19 years 2,000 1,934 4

20 to 24 years 6,583 6,136 4

25 to 34 years 14,951 13,283 16

35 to 44 years 17,550 15,431 9

45 to 54 years 14,033 11,501 5

55 to 64 years 6,440 5,302 —

65 years and over 1,788 1,502 3

Women, 16 years and over 58,711 47,877 776

16 to 19 years 3,161 3,013 76

16 to 17 years 1,155 1,128 34

18 to 19 years 2,007 1,885 42

20 to 24 years 6,255 5,568 119

25 to 34 years 12,892 10,883 110

35 to 44 years 15,810 12,840 155

45 to 54 years 13,415 9,988 138

55 to 64 years 5,769 4,407 108

65 years and over 1,409 1,178 70

April 2000

Nonagricultural industries

Wage and salary workers

Private

industries

Other

private

Age and sex industries Government

Total, 16 years and over 103,249 19,118

16 to 19 years 5,966 243

16 to 17 years 2,192 56

18 to 19 years 3,773 187

20 to 24 years 11,581 1,134

25 to 34 years 24,040 3,676

35 to 44 years 28,107 5,088

45 to 54 years 21,346 5,959

55 to 64 years 9,601 2,500

65 years and over 2,607 518

Men, 16 years and over 56,147 8,284

16 to 19 years 3,029 95

16 to 17 years 1,099 29

18 to 19 years 1,930 66

20 to 24 years 6,132 447

25 to 34 years 13,268 1,668

35 to 44 years 15,422 2,118

45 to 54 years 11,495 2,532

55 to 64 years 5,302 1,138

65 years and over 1,499 286

Women, 16 years and over 47,101 10,834

16 to 19 years 2,937 148

16 to 17 years 1,094 27

18 to 19 years 1,843 121

20 to 24 years 5,449 687

25 to 34 years 10,773 2,009

35 to 44 years 12,685 2,970

45 to 54 years 9,850 3,427

55 to 64 years 4,299 1,362

65 years and over 1,108 231

April 2000

Nonagricultural

industries

Self- Unpaid

employed family

Age and sex workers workers

Total, 16 years and over 8,677 96

16 to 19 years 62 11

16 to 17 years 20 2

18 to 19 years 42 8

20 to 24 years 177 1

25 to 34 years 1,332 16

35 to 44 years 2,498 20

45 to 54 years 2,418 28

55 to 64 years 1,498 6

65 years and over 694 14

Men, 16 years and over 5,209 18

16 to 19 years 42 6

16 to 17 years 11 2

18 to 19 years 31 3

20 to 24 years 95 —

25 to 34 years 727 2

35 to 44 years 1,542 2

45 to 54 years 1,469 2

55 to 64 years 883 —

65 years and over 451 5

Women, 16 years and over 3,468 78

16 to 19 years 20 5

16 to 17 years 9 —

18 to 19 years 11 5

20 to 24 years 81 —

25 to 34 years 605 14

35 to 44 years 956 18

45 to 54 years 949 26

55 to 64 years 615 6

65 years and over 242 10

A-23. Persons at work in agriculture and nonagricultural

industries by hours of work

April 2001

Thousands of persons

All Nonagricultural

Hours of work industries Agriculture industries

Total, 16 years and over 129,411 3,073 126,338

1 to 34 hours 34,723 878 33,845

1 to 4 hours 1,504 92 1,412

5 to 14 hours 4,980 185 4,795

15 to 29 hours 15,740 378 15,361

30 to 34 hours 12,499 223 12,277

35 hours and over 94,688 2,195 92,493

35 to 39 hours 8,597 144 8,452

40 hours 50,694 925 49,769

41 hours and over 35,397 1,125 34,272

41 to 48 hours 12,744 225 12,518

49 to 59 hours 13,134 374 12,760

60 hours and over 9,520 526 8,994

Average hours, total

at work 38.7 40.5 38.6

Average hours, persons who

usually work full time 42.4 46.7 42.3

April 2001

Percent distribution

Hours of work All Nonagricultural

industries Agriculture industries

Total, 16 years and over 100.0 100.0 100.0

1 to 34 hours 26.8 28.6 26.8

1 to 4 hours 1.2 3.0 1.1

5 to 14 hours 3.8 6.0 3.8

15 to 29 hours 12.2 12.3 12.2

30 to 34 hours 9.7 7.3 9.7

35 hours and over 73.2 71.4 73.2

35 to 39 hours 6.6 4.7 6.7

40 hours 39.2 30.1 39.4

41 hours and over 27.4 36.6 27.1

41 to 48 hours 9.8 7.3 9.9

49 to 59 hours 10.1 12.2 10.1

60 hours and over 7.4 17.1 7.1

Average hours, total

at work — — —

Average hours, persons who

usually work full time — — —

A-24. Persons at work 1 to 34 hours in all and nonagricultural

industries by reason for working less than 35 hours and usual

full- or part-time status

(Numbers in thousands)

April 2001

All industries

Usually Usually

Reason for working less work work

than 35 hours Total part time part time

Total, 16 years and over 34,723 13,630 21,093

Economic reasons 3,108 1,158 1,950

Slack work or business

conditions 2,049 995 1,054

Could only find part-time

work 863 — 863

Seasonal work 106 73 33

Job started or ended during

week 90 90 —

Noneconomic reasons 31,615 12,472 19,143

Child-care problems 737 71 666

Other family or personal

obligations 5,732 678 5,054

Health or medical limitations 688 — 688

In school or training 6,920 67 6,853

Retired or Social Security

limit on earnings 1,943 — 1,943

Vacation or personal day 4,474 4,474 —

Holiday, legal or religious 4,768 4,768 —

Weather-related curtailment 283 283 —

All other reasons 6,069 2,129 3,940

Average hours:

Economic reasons 23.6 25.2 22.7

Other reasons 22.3 26.7 19.4

April 2001

Nonagricultural industries

Usually Usually

Reason for working less work work

than 35 hours Total full time full time

Total, 16 years and over 33,845 13,386 20,459

Economic reasons 2,972 1,089 1,883

Slack work or business

conditions 1,953 950 1,003

Could only find part-time

work 850 — 850

Seasonal work 89 60 30

Job started or ended during

week 80 80 —

Noneconomic reasons 30,872 12,297 18,576

Child-care problems 716 66 649

Other family or personal

obligations 5,605 667 4,938

Health or medical limitations 637 — 637

In school or training 6,793 67 6,726

Retired or Social Security

limit on earnings 1,800 — 1,800

Vacation or personal day 4,431 4,431 —

Holiday, legal or religious 4,736 4,736 —

Weather-related curtailment 240 240 —

All other reasons 5,914 2,089 3,825

Average hours:

Economic reasons 23.7 25.1 22.8

Other reasons 22.4 26.7 19.5

A-25. Persons at work in nonagricultural industries by class

of worker and usual full- or part-time status

(Numbers in thousands)

April 2001

Worked 1 to

34 hours

Total For

at economic

Industry and class of worker work Total reasons

Total, 16 years and over 126,338 33,845 2,972

Wage and salary workers 118,127 31,196 2,679

Mining 546 73 —

Construction 7,489 1,388 300

Manufacturing 18,617 3,654 320

Durable goods 11,435 2,298 162

Nondurable goods 7,183 1,357 158

Transportation and public

utilities 8,964 1,548 168

Wholesale and retail trade 25,190 8,588 857

Finance, insurance,

and real estate 7,816 1,595 68

Service industries 43,597 13,371 939

Private households 791 443 64

All other industries 42,806 12,929 875

Public administration 5,908 979 27

Self-employed workers 8,115 2,572 292

Unpaid family workers 96 77 2

April 2001

Worked 1 to

34 hours

For noneconomic

reasons

Usually Usually

work work Worked

full part 35 hours

Industry and class of worker time time or more

Total, 16 years and over 12,297 18,576 92,493

Wage and salary workers 11,743 16,775 86,930

Mining 52 20 473

Construction 772 316 6,101

Manufacturing 2,640 694 14,963

Durable goods 1,797 339 9,137

Nondurable goods 843 356 5,826

Transportation and public

utilities 829 551 7,415

Wholesale and retail trade 1,413 6,318 16,602

Finance, insurance,

and real estate 769 759 6,221

Service industries 4,594 7,838 30,225

Private households 58 320 348

All other industries 4,536 7,517 29,877

Public administration 673 279 4,929

Self-employed workers 550 1,730 5,543

Unpaid family workers 4 70 19

April 2001

Average hours

Total Persons who

at usually work

Industry and class of worker work full time

Total, 16 years and over 38.6 42.3

Wage and salary workers 38.6 42.0

Mining 47.1 48.3

Construction 40.4 41.7

Manufacturing 40.5 41.4

Durable goods 40.4 41.2

Nondurable goods 40.5 41.8

Transportation and public

utilities 41.5 43.1

Wholesale and retail trade 36.5 42.9

Finance, insurance,

and real estate 39.6 41.9

Service industries 37.4 41.7

Private households 29.3 40.2

All other industries 37.5 41.7

Public administration 40.6 41.8

Self-employed workers 39.5 46.0

Unpaid family workers 27.1 (1)

(1) Data not shown where base is less than 75,000.

A-26. Persons at work in nonagricultural industries by age, sex,

race, marital status, and usual full- or part-time status

(Numbers in thousands)

April 2001

Worked 1 to

34 hours

Total For

at economic

Age, sex, race, and marital status work Total reasons

TOTAL

Total, 16 years and over 126,338 33,845 2,972

16 to 19 years 6,086 4,502 232

16 to 17 years 2,188 2,021 41

18 to 19 years 3,898 2,481 191

20 years and over 120,252 29,342 2,741

20 to 24 years 12,614 4,520 540

25 years and over 107,638 24,823 2,200

25 to 54 years 91,087 19,236 1,878

55 years and over 16,551 5,587 322

Men, 16 years and over 67,361 13,364 1,556

16to 19 years 3,035 2,160 111

16 to 17 years 1,077 968 18

18 to 19 years 1,958 1,192 93

20 years and over 64,326 11,203 1,445

20 to 24 years 6,532 2,007 289

25 years and over 57,795 9,196 1,156

25 to 54 years 48,740 6,716 997

55 years and over 9,055 2,480 160

Women, 16 years and over 58,976 20,481 1,416

16 to 19 years 3,051 2,342 120

16 to 17 years 1,111 1,053 23

18 to 19 years 1,939 1,289 98

20 years and over 55,926 18,139 1,296

20 to 24 years 6,083 2,512 252

25 years and over 49,843 15,627 1,044

25 to 54 years 42,347 12,520 881

55 years and over 7,496 3,107 163

Race

White, 16 years and over 105,443 29,082 2,347

Men 57,250 11,410 1,243

Women 48,192 17,672 1,104

Black, 16 years and over 14,599 3,295 460

Men 6,706 1,295 229

Women 7,893 2,000 230

Marital status

Men, 16 years and over:

Married, spouse present 40,486 6,341 611

Widowed, divorced, or separated 8,291 1,403 226

Single (never married) 18,584 5,619 720

Women, 16 years and over:

Married, spouse present 31,255 11,086 562

Widowed, divorced, or separated 12,088 3,261 362

Single (never married) 15,633 6,133 493

April 2001

For noneconomic

reasons

Usually Usually

work work Worked

full part 35 hours

Age, sex, race, and marital status time time or more

TOTAL

Total, 16 years and over 12,297 18,576 92,493

16 to 19 years 187 4,083 1,584

16 to 17 years 18 1,962 167

18 to 19 years 169 2,121 1,417

20 years and over 12,109 14,492 90,910

20 to 24 years 973 3,007 8,095

25 years and over 11,136 11,486 82,815

25 to 54 years 9,404 7,954 71,851

55 years and over 1,732 3,532 10,964

Men, 16 years and over 5,878 5,930 53,998

16to 19 years 116 1,933 875

16 to 17 years 12 938 109

18 to 19 years 104 995 766

20 years and over 5,762 3,997 53,123

20 to 24 years 509 1,209 4,524

25 years and over 5,252 2,787 48,599

25 to 54 years 4,366 1,352 42,024

55 years and over 886 1,435 6,575

Women, 16 years and over 6,419 12,646 38,495

16 to 19 years 71 2,150 709

16 to 17 years 6 1,024 58

18 to 19 years 65 1,126 651

20 years and over 6,348 10,496 37,786

20 to 24 years 463 1,797 3,570

25 years and over 5,884 8,699 34,216

25 to 54 years 5,038 6,601 29,827

55 years and over 847 2,097 4,389

Race

White, 16 years and over 10,538 16,198 76,360

Men 5,119 5,048 45,841

Women 5,419 11,149 30,520

Black, 16 years and over 1,269 1,566 11,304

Men 518 548 5,411

Women 751 1,018 5,893

Marital status

Men, 16 years and over:

Married, spouse present 3,871 1,860 34,145

Widowed, divorced, or separated 700 477 6,888

Single (never married) 1,306 3,593 12,965

Women, 16 years and over:

Married, spouse present 3,656 6,869 20,168

Widowed, divorced, or separated 1,433 1,467 8,827

Single (never married) 1,330 4,310 9,500

April 2001

Average hours

Total Persons who

at usually work

Age, sex, race, and marital status work full time

TOTAL

Total, 16 years and over 38.6 42.3

16 to 19 years 23.9 39.5

16 to 17 years 17.5 39.0

18 to 19 years 27.4 39.6

20 years and over 39.4 42.3

20 to 24 years 35.2 40.8

25 years and over 39.8 42.5

25 to 54 years 40.4 42.5

55 years and over 36.8 42.0

Men, 16 years and over 41.2 43.6

16to 19 years 24.7 39.5

16 to 17 years 18.7 38.4

18 to 19 years 28.0 39.6

20 years and over 42.0 43.7

20 to 24 years 37.0 41.6

25 years and over 42.5 43.9

25 to 54 years 43.1 44.0

55 years and over 39.2 43.3

Women, 16 years and over 35.7 40.4

16 to 19 years 23.0 39.5

16 to 17 years 16.4 40.2

18 to 19 years 26.7 39.5

20 years and over 36.3 40.4

20 to 24 years 33.3 39.9

25 years and over 36.7 40.5

25 to 54 years 37.2 40.5

55 years and over 33.9 40.2

Race

White, 16 years and over 38.5 42.4

Men 41.3 43.7

Women 35.3 40.4

Black, 16 years and over 38.8 41.4

Men 40.5 42.9

Women 37.4 40.1

Marital status

Men, 16 years and over:

Married, spouse present 42.9 44.1

Widowed, divorced, or separated 42.3 44.0

Single (never married) 37.1 42.2

Women, 16 years and over:

Married, spouse present 35.5 40.1

Widowed, divorced, or separated 38.1 40.9

Single (never married) 34.1 40.7

A-27. Persons at work in nonfarm occupations by sex

and usual full- or part-time status

(Numbers in thousands)

April 2001

Worked 1 to

34 hours

Total For

at economic

Occupation and sex work Total reasons

Total, 16 years and over(1) 126,300 33,830 2,971

Managerial and professional

specialty 39,740 8,861 378

Executive, administrative,

and managerial 19,684 3,284 142

Professional specialty 20,056 5,577 235

Technical, sales, and

administrative support 37,533 11,451 680

Technicians and related support 4,306 1,066 38

Sales occupations 15,580 4,720 360

Administrative support,

including clerical 17,648 5,664 283

Service occupations 17,508 6,953 808

Private household 690 400 56

Protective service 2,263 399 38

Service, except private

household and protective 14,554 6,155 714

Precision production, craft,

and repair 14,282 2,491 448

Operators, fabricators,

and laborers 17,238 4,074 657

Machine operators, assemblers,

and inspectors 6,678 1,440 185

Transportation and material

moving occupations 5,439 1,047 170

Handlers, equipment cleaners,

helpers, and laborers 5,120 1,587 303

Men, 16 years and over(1) 67,170 13,283 1,543

Managerial and professional

specialty 20,292 3,260 181

Executive, administrative,

and managerial 10,736 1,325 76

Professional specialty 9,556 1,935 104

Technical, sales, and

administrative support 13,616 2,887 175

Technicians and related support 2,042 394 10

Sales occupations 7,934 1,579 96

Administrative support,

including clerical 3,640 914 68

Service occupations 6,986 2,180 294

Private household 27 13 6

Protective service 1,847 277 28

Service, except private

household and protective 5,112 1,891 261

Precision production, craft,

and repair 13,008 2,142 415

Operators, fabricators,

and laborers 13,268 2,813 478

Machine operators, assemblers,

and inspectors 4,222 715 88

Transportation and material

moving occupations 4,954 886 157

Handlers, equipment cleaners,

helpers, and laborers 4,092 1,212 233

Women, 16 years and over(1) 59,130 20,547 1,428

Managerial and professional

specialty 19,448 5,601 197

Executive, administrative,

and managerial 8,948 1,959 66

Professional specialty 10,500 3,642 131

Technical, sales, and

administrative support 23,917 8,563 506

Technicians and related support 2,264 672 27

Sales occupations 7,646 3,141 263

Administrative support,

including clerical 14,008 4,750 215

Service occupations 10,522 4,773 514

Private household 664 387 50

Protective service 417 122 10

Service, except private

household and protective 9,441 4,263 454

Precision production, craft,

and repair 1,274 349 33

Operators, fabricators,

and laborers 3,970 1,261 179

Machine operators, assemblers,

and inspectors 2,456 726 97

Transportation and material

moving occupations 485 161 12

Handlers, equipment cleaners,

helpers, and laborers 1,028 375 70

April 2001

Worked 1 to

34 hours

For noneconomic

reasons

Usually Usually

work work Worked

full part 35 hours

Occupation and sex time time or more

Total, 16 years and over(1) 12,285 18,574 92,471

Managerial and professional

specialty 4,466 4,018 30,879

Executive, administrative,

and managerial 1,878 1,264 16,400

Professional specialty 2,588 2,754 14,479

Technical, sales, and

administrative support 3,542 7,229 26,083

Technicians and related support 482 546 3,240

Sales occupations 988 3,372 10,859

Administrative support,

including clerical 2,072 3,310 11,983

Service occupations 1,089 5,056 10,554

Private household 51 292 291

Protective service 145 216 1,865

Service, except private

household and protective 893 4,547 8,399

Precision production, craft,

and repair 1,430 613 11,791

Operators, fabricators,

and laborers 1,758 1,660 13,163

Machine operators, assemblers,

and inspectors 944 312 5,238

Transportation and material

moving occupations 423 455 4,392

Handlers, equipment cleaners,

helpers, and laborers 391 893 3,534

Men, 16 years and over(1) 5,857 5,883 53,887

Managerial and professional

specialty 1,961 1,118 17,032

Executive, administrative,

and managerial 855 394 9,412

Professional specialty 1,107 724 7,621

Technical, sales, and

administrative support 1,028 1,684 10,729

Technicians and related support 240 143 1,649

Sales occupations 455 1,028 6,355

Administrative support,

including clerical 333 513 2,725

Service occupations 385 1,501 4,806

Private household — 7 14

Protective service 117 132 1,570

Service, except private

household and protective 268 1,363 3,221

Precision production, craft,

and repair 1,302 425 10,866

Operators, fabricators,

and laborers 1,180 1,155 10,455

Machine operators, assemblers,

and inspectors 520 106 3,507

Transportation and material

moving occupations 384 345 4,067

Handlers, equipment cleaners,

helpers, and laborers 276 704 2,880

Women, 16 years and over(1) 6,428 12,691 38,583

Managerial and professional

specialty 2,505 2,899 13,847

Executive, administrative,

and managerial 1,023 870 6,989

Professional specialty 1,482 2,029 6,858

Technical, sales, and

administrative support 2,513 5,544 15,354

Technicians and related support 241 404 1,591

Sales occupations 533 2,344 4,505

Administrative support,

including clerical 1,739 2,796 9,258

Service occupations 704 3,555 5,749

Private household 51 286 277

Protective service 27 85 294

Service, except private

household and protective 626 3,184 5,178

Precision production, craft,

and repair 128 188 925

Operators, fabricators,

and laborers 578 505 2,709

Machine operators, assemblers,

and inspectors 424 205 1,731

Transportation and material

moving occupations 39 110 324

Handlers, equipment cleaners,

helpers, and laborers 115 190 654

April 2001

Average hours

Total Persons who

at usually work

Occupation and sex work full time

Total, 16 years and over(1) 38.6 42.3

Managerial and professional

specialty 40.9 43.5

Executive, administrative,

and managerial 42.9 44.5

Professional specialty 39.0 42.3

Technical, sales, and

administrative support 37.0 41.5

Technicians and related support 38.8 41.5

Sales occupations 37.9 43.6

Administrative support,

including clerical 35.8 39.8

Service occupations 34.3 41.3

Private household 28.4 39.2

Protective service 41.7 44.3

Service, except private

household and protective 33.4 40.8

Precision production, craft,

and repair 40.9 42.1

Operators, fabricators,

and laborers 39.3 41.8

Machine operators, assemblers,

and inspectors 39.1 40.3

Transportation and material

moving occupations 42.5 44.9

Handlers, equipment cleaners,

helpers, and laborers 36.1 40.4

Men, 16 years and over(1) 41.2 43.6

Managerial and professional

specialty 43.8 45.3

Executive, administrative,

and managerial 45.2 46.3

Professional specialty 42.2 44.1

Technical, sales, and

administrative support 40.7 44.0

Technicians and related support 40.9 42.6

Sales occupations 41.8 45.4

Administrative support,

including clerical 38.2 41.8

Service occupations 36.7 42.5

Private household (2) (2)

Protective service 42.8 44.8

Service, except private

household and protective 34.5 41.4

Precision production, craft,

and repair 41.2 42.2

Operators, fabricators,

and laborers 40.2 42.6

Machine operators, assemblers,

and inspectors 40.5 41.2

Transportation and material

moving occupations 43.0 45.2

Handlers, equipment cleaners,

helpers, and laborers 36.4 40.8

Women, 16 years and over(1) 35.7 40.4

Managerial and professional

specialty 37.9 41.3

Executive, administrative,

and managerial 40.1 42.2

Professional specialty 36.0 40.4

Technical, sales, and

administrative support 34.9 39.9

Technicians and related support 36.9 40.4

Sales occupations 33.9 41.1

Administrative support,

including clerical 35.2 39.3

Service occupations 32.7 40.4

Private household 28.3 39.1

Protective service 36.6 41.9

Service, except private

household and protective 32.9 40.4

Precision production, craft,

and repair 37.7 41.2

Operators, fabricators,

and laborers 36.2 38.9

Machine operators, assemblers,

and inspectors 36.7 38.5

Transportation and material

moving occupations 36.6 41.7

Handlers, equipment cleaners,

helpers, and laborers 34.6 38.7

(1) Excludes farming, forestry, and fishing occupations.

(2) Data not shown where base is less than 75,000.

A-28. Unemployed persons by marital status, race, age, and sex

Men

Thousands of Unemployment

persons rates

Apr. Apr. Apr. Apr.

Marital status, race, and age 2000 2001 2000 2001

Total, 16 years and over 2,768 3,326 3.7 4.4

Married, spouse present 773 1,060 1.8 2.4

Widowed, divorced, or separated 376 451 4.0 4.9

Single (never married) 1,619 1,815 7.6 8.4

White, 16 years and over 2,076 2,468 3.3 3.9

Married, spouse present 583 867 1.5 2.2

Widowed, divorced, or separated 307 357 4.0 4.6

Single (never married) 1,187 1,244 6.9 7.1

Black, 16 years and over 544 694 7.0 9.0

Married, spouse present 116 140 3.4 4.0

Widowed, divorced, or separated 54 70 4.2 5.9

Single (never married) 375 484 12.4 16.1

Total, 25 years and over 1,716 2,151 2.7 3.4

Married, spouse present 732 1,015 1.7 2.3

Widowed, divorced, or separated 362 431 3.9 4.8

Single (never married) 621 704 5.5 6.1

White, 25 years and over 1,284 1,648 2.4 3.0

Married, spouse present 551 823 1.5 2.2

Widowed, divorced, or separated 295 339 3.9 4.5

Single (never married) 437 487 5.0 5.4

Black, 25 years and over 321 392 5.0 6.0

Married, spouse present 110 140 3.3 4.1

Widowed, divorced, or separated 51 69 4.1 5.8

Single (never married) 160 182 8.9 9.9

Women

Thousands of Unemployment

persons rates

Apr. Apr. Apr. Apr.

Marital status, race, and age 2000 2001 2000 2001

Total, 16 years and over 2,420 2,624 3.7 4.0

Married, spouse present 825 901 2.4 2.6

Widowed, divorced, or separated 530 559 4.0 4.2

Single (never married) 1,064 1,165 6.0 6.6

White, 16 years and over 1,747 1,943 3.2 3.6

Married, spouse present 692 733 2.3 2.4

Widowed, divorced, or separated 374 427 3.6 4.0

Single (never married) 681 783 5.2 6.0

Black, 16 years and over 547 548 6.2 6.2

Married, spouse present 89 92 3.1 3.2

Widowed, divorced, or separated 126 98 5.8 4.4

Single (never married) 332 358 8.8 9.7

Total, 25 years and over 1,562 1,682 2.8 3.0

Married, spouse present 717 800 2.2 2.4

Widowed, divorced, or separated 488 487 3.8 3.8

Single (never married) 357 395 3.9 4.4

White, 25 years and over 1,158 1,287 2.6 2.9

Married, spouse present 598 652 2.1 2.3

Widowed, divorced, or separated 339 372 3.4 3.6

Single (never married) 221 263 3.6 4.3

Black, 25 years and over 310 296 4.3 4.0

Married, spouse present 80 84 3.0 3.0

Widowed, divorced, or separated 123 84 5.7 3.8

Single (never married) 107 129 4.5 5.4

A-29. Unemployed persons by occupation and sex

Thousands of Unemployment

persons rates

Total Total

Apr. Apr. Apr. Apr.

Occupation 2000 2001 2000 2001

Total, 16 years and over(1) 5,188 5,951 3.7 4.2

Managerial and professional

specialty 587 793 1.4 1.9

Executive, administrative,

and managerial 298 445 1.5 2.1

Professional specialty 289 348 1.4 1.6

Technical, sales, and

administrative support 1,334 1,543 3.3 3.8

Technicians and related support 81 97 1.8 2.1

Sales occupations 604 710 3.5 4.2

Administrative support,

including clerical 649 737 3.3 3.8

Service occupations 901 978 4.6 5.1

Private household 66 58 7.1 7.5

Protective service 24 86 1.0 3.5

Service, except private

household and protective 810 834 5.0 5.2

Precision production, craft,

and repair 523 675 3.5 4.4

Mechanics and repairers 118 135 2.3 2.7

Construction trades 262 405 4.3 6.4

Other precision production,

craft, and repair 143 135 3.6 3.3

Operators, fabricators,

and laborers 1,254 1,299 6.4 6.8

Machine operators, assemblers,

and inspectors 463 506 5.9 6.8

Transportation and material

moving occupations 259 277 4.5 4.6

Handlers, equipment cleaners,

helpers, and laborers 532 516 9.1 8.9

Construction laborers 99 130 9.5 11.5

Other handlers, equipment

cleaners, helpers,

and laborers 433 387 9.0 8.3

Farming, forestry, and fishing 225 233 6.1 6.7

No previous work experience 361 411 — —

16 to 19 years 216 267 — —

20 to 24 years 74 58 — —

25 years and over 70 86 — —

Unemployment rates

Men Women

Apr. Apr. Apr. Apr.

Occupation 2000 2001 2000 2001

Total, 16 years and over(1) 3.7 4.4 3.7 4.0

Managerial and professional

specialty 1.4 2.0 1.4 1.7

Executive, administrative,

and managerial 1.4 2.3 1.5 1.9

Professional specialty 1.4 1.6 1.3 1.6

Technical, sales, and

administrative support 3.0 3.6 3.4 3.9

Technicians and related support 1.7 2.7 2.0 1.6

Sales occupations 2.7 3.4 4.4 5.0

Administrative support,

including clerical 4.2 4.6 3.1 3.6

Service occupations 4.7 5.7 4.5 4.7

Private household (2) (2) 6.9 7.1

Protective service 1.1 3.1 .4 5.2

Service, except private

household and protective 5.9 6.5 4.5 4.5

Precision production, craft,

and repair 3.3 4.4 4.9 3.9

Mechanics and repairers 2.3 2.6 2.2 4.4

Construction trades 4.2 6.3 8.8 9.0

Other precision production,

craft, and repair 3.1 3.4 5.0 3.0

Operators, fabricators,

and laborers 5.9 6.5 8.3 7.6

Machine operators, assemblers,

and inspectors 4.9 6.2 7.6 7.9

Transportation and material

moving occupations 4.6 4.5 3.8 5.3

Handlers, equipment cleaners,

helpers, and laborers 8.3 9.2 12.0 8.0

Construction laborers 9.6 11.8 (2) (2)

Other handlers, equipment

cleaners, helpers,

and laborers 7.9 8.4 12.2 8.1

Farming, forestry, and fishing 5.7 6.0 7.6 9.4

No previous work experience — — — —

16 to 19 years — — — —

20 to 24 years — — — —

25 years and over — — — —

(1) Includes a small number of persons whose last

job was in the Armed Forces.

(2) Data not shown where base is less than 75,000.

A-30. Unemployed persons by industry and sex

Thousands of Unemployment

persons rates

Total Total

Industry Apr. Apr. Apr. Apr.

2000 2001 2000 2001

Total, 16 years and over 5,188 5,951 3.7 4.2

Nonagricultural private wage

and salary workers 4,185 4,820 3.9 4.4

Mining 14 26 2.5 4.4

Construction 404 578 5.6 7.4

Manufacturing 807 910 3.9 4.5

Durable goods 492 525 3.9 4.3

Lumber and wood products 52 47 6.4 7.5

Furniture and fixtures 49 28 7.8 4.8

Stone, clay, and glass

products 19 28 2.9 4.5

Primary metal industries 37 43 4.5 5.6

Fabricated metal products 40 55 3.2 3.7

Machinery and computing

equipment 112 90 4.4 3.5

Electrical machinery,

equipment, and supplies 68 92 3.4 4.4

Transportation equipment 60 70 2.4 3.4

Automobiles 38 44 2.7 3.8

Other transportation

equipment 22 26 1.9 2.8

Professional and photographic

equipment 14 20 1.9 2.7

Other durable goods

industries 43 51 5.9 6.7

Nondurable goods 315 385 4.0 4.9

Food and kindred products 90 54 5.5 3.1

Textile mill products 31 51 5.4 9.2

Apparel and other textile

products 47 52 6.5 8.4

Paper and allied products 17 17 2.5 2.6

Printing and publishing 67 102 3.8 5.4

Chemicals and allied products 22 47 1.7 3.8

Rubber and miscellaneous

plastics products 35 47 3.8 5.7

Other nondurable goods

industries 7 15 2.5 4.9

Transportation and public

utilities 219 310 2.8 3.9

Transportation 162 222 3.4 4.6

Communications and other public

utilities 57 88 1.9 2.8

Wholesale and retail trade 1,302 1,385 4.8 5.1

Wholesale trade 164 155 3.1 3.1

Retail trade 1,138 1,231 5.2 5.5

Finance, insurance,

and real estate 186 206 2.3 2.5

Service industries 1,252 1,405 3.5 3.8

Professional services 406 492 1.9 2.2

Other service industries 846 914 5.6 6.1

Agricultural wage and salary

workers 165 172 7.5 8.3

Government, self-employed,

and unpaid family workers 478 548 1.6 1.8

No previous work experience 361 411 — —

Unemployment rates

Men Women

Industry Apr. Apr. Apr. Apr.

2000 2001 2000 2001

Total, 16 years and over 3.7 4.4 3.7 4.0

Nonagricultural private wage

and salary workers 3.8 4.6 4.0 4.2

Mining 2.9 4.5 — 4.1

Construction 5.6 7.7 5.8 4.8

Manufacturing 3.4 4.1 4.9 5.5

Durable goods 3.6 4.0 4.6 4.9

Lumber and wood products 7.1 9.1 3.2 1.3

Furniture and fixtures 6.0 2.4 11.9 8.9

Stone, clay, and glass

products 3.7 5.1 — 1.9

Primary metal industries 5.6 4.9 — 8.5

Fabricated metal products 2.6 3.9 5.3 3.0

Machinery and computing

equipment 4.2 3.1 5.0 4.8

Electrical machinery,

equipment, and supplies 2.4 3.5 4.9 5.9

Transportation equipment 2.2 3.3 3.0 3.6

Automobiles 2.5 3.2 3.3 5.6

Other transportation

equipment 1.8 3.4 2.5 1.0

Professional and photographic

equipment 2.0 0.7 1.8 5.9

Other durable goods

industries 4.1 8.5 8.2 3.9

Nondurable goods 3.1 4.2 5.3 6.0

Food and kindred products 2.7 3.1 10.3 3.2

Textile mill products 6.0 5.5 4.6 13.0

Apparel and other textile

products 3.9 7.0 7.9 9.3

Paper and allied products 2.6 2.3 2.5 3.4

Printing and publishing 3.5 5.0 4.1 6.0

Chemicals and allied products 1.8 3.5 1.6 4.7

Rubber and miscellaneous

plastics products 3.8 5.6 3.8 5.8

Other nondurable goods

industries 3.3 5.6 1.1 3.6

Transportation and public

utilities 2.8 4.2 3.0 3.1

Transportation 3.3 4.8 3.8 4.0

Communications and other public

utilities 1.8 3.1 2.0 2.2

Wholesale and retail trade 4.2 4.7 5.4 5.5

Wholesale trade 3.0 2.2 3.3 4.9

Retail trade 4.6 5.4 5.7 5.6

Finance, insurance,

and real estate 2.0 2.4 2.5 2.6

Service industries 3.8 4.3 3.3 3.5

Professional services 2.1 2.3 1.9 2.2

Other service industries 5.0 6.0 6.2 6.2

Agricultural wage and salary

workers 7.3 7.4 8.0 10.5

Government, self-employed,

and unpaid family workers 1.7 2.1 1.5 1.6

No previous work experience — — — —

A-31. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment, sex, age, and race

(Numbers in thousands)

Total, Men,

16 years 20 years

and over and over

Apr. Apr. Apr. Apr.

Reason 2000 2001 2000 2001

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Total unemployed 5,188 5,951 2,227 2,765

Job losers and persons who

completed temporary jobs 2,248 2,982 1,288 1,737

On temporary layoff 692 1,000 406 630

Not on temporary layoff 1,556 1,981 881 1,107

Permanent job losers 1,081 1,455 598 791

Persons who completed

temporary jobs 475 526 283 316

Job leavers 778 722 318 372

Reentrants 1,802 1,836 558 608

New entrants 361 411 64 49

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who

completed temporary jobs 43.3 50.1 57.8 62.8

On temporary layoff 13.3 16.8 18.2 22.8

Not on temporary layoff 30.0 33.3 39.6 40.0

Job leavers 15.0 12.1 14.3 13.4

Reentrants 34.7 30.9 25.0 22.0

New entrants 6.9 6.9 2.9 1.8

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who

completed temporary jobs 1.6 2.1 1.8 2.4

Job leavers .6 .5 .5 .5

Reentrants 1.3 1.3 .8 .9

New entrants .3 .3 .1 .1

Women, Both sexes,

20 years 16 to 19

and over years

Apr. Apr. Apr. Apr.

Reason 2000 2001 2000 2001

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Total unemployed 2,005 2,175 956 1,010

Job losers and persons who

completed temporary jobs 800 1,067 160 179

On temporary layoff 239 307 46 63

Not on temporary layoff 561 759 114 115

Permanent job losers 404 596 78 68

Persons who completed

temporary jobs 157 163 35 47

Job leavers 332 293 128 57

Reentrants 792 721 452 508

New entrants 80 95 216 267

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who

completed temporary jobs 39.9 49.0 16.7 17.7

On temporary layoff 11.9 14.1 4.8 6.2

Not on temporary layoff 28.0 34.9 11.9 11.4

Job leavers 16.6 13.5 13.4 5.6

Reentrants 39.5 33.1 47.3 50.3

New entrants 4.0 4.4 22.6 26.4

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who

completed temporary jobs 1.3 1.7 2.0 2.4

Job leavers 6 .5 .5 1.6 .8

Reentrants 1.3 1.2 5.6 6.7

New entrants 3 .1 .2 2.7 3.5

White Black

Apr. Apr. Apr. Apr.

Reason 2000 2001 2000 2001

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Total unemployed 3,823 4,410 1,092 1,242

Job losers and persons who

completed temporary jobs 1,714 2,240 447 579

On temporary layoff 587 832 75 123

Not on temporary layoff 1,128 1,408 372 456

Permanent job losers 794 1,045 254 322

Persons who completed

temporary jobs 334 364 118 134

Job leavers 600 568 121 129

Reentrants 1,260 1,328 448 432

New entrants 248 275 76 102

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who

completed temporary jobs 44.8 50.8 40.9 46.6

On temporary layoff 15.3 18.9 6.9 9.9

Not on temporary layoff 29.5 31.9 34.1 36.7

Job leavers 15.7 12.9 11.0 10.4

Reentrants 33.0 30.1 41.0 34.8

New entrants 6.5 6.2 7.0 8.2

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who

completed temporary jobs 1.5 1.9 2.7 3.5

Job leavers 6 .5 .5 .7 .8

Reentrants 1.1 1.1 2.7 2.6

New entrants 3 .2 .2 .5 .6

A-32. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment, sex, age, and

duration of unemployment

(Percent distribution)

April 2001

Duration of

Total unemployed unemployment

Thousands Less than

Reason, sex, and age of persons Percent 5 weeks

Total, 16 years and over 5,951 100.0 42.5

Job losers and persons who

completed temporary jobs 2,982 100.0 43.5

On temporary layoff 1,000 100.0 51.5

Not on temporary layoff 1,981 100.0 39.4

Permanent job losers 1,455 100.0 38.9

Persons who completed

temporary jobs 526 100.0 40.9

Job leavers 722 100.0 49.5

Reentrants 1,836 100.0 38.8

New entrants 411 100.0 40.0

Men, 20 years and over 2,765 100.0 39.6

Job losers and persons who

completed temporary jobs 1,737 100.0 41.0

On temporary layoff 630 100.0 46.7

Not on temporary layoff 1,107 100.0 37.8

Permanent job losers 791 100.0 36.9

Persons who completed

temporary jobs 316 100.0 40.0

Job leavers 372 100.0 43.9

Reentrants 608 100.0 34.9

New entrants 49 100.0 (1)

Women, 20 years and over 2,175 100.0 43.2

Job losers and persons who

completed temporary jobs 1,067 100.0 44.4

On temporary layoff 307 100.0 57.7

Not on temporary layoff 759 100.0 39.0

Permanent job losers 596 100.0 38.0

Persons who completed

temporary jobs 163 100.0 42.9

Job leavers 293 100.0 51.6

Reentrants 721 100.0 38.1

New entrants 95 100.0 42.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 1,010 100.0 49.2

Job losers and persons who

completed temporary jobs 179 100.0 62.1

On temporary layoff 63 100.0 (1)

Not on temporary layoff 115 100.0 57.8

Permanent job losers 68 100.0 (1)

Persons who completed

temporary jobs 47 100.0 (1)

Job leavers 57 100.0 (1)

Reentrants 508 100.0 44.6

New entrants 267 100.0 43.7

April 2001

Duration of unemployment

15 weeks and over

5 to 14 15 to 26 27 weeks

Reason, sex, and age weeks Total weeks and over

Total, 16 years and over 30.2 27.2 15.1 12.2

Job losers and persons who

completed temporary jobs 28.3 28.2 17.3 10.9

On temporary layoff 24.6 23.9 18.7 5.2

Not on temporary layoff 30.2 30.4 16.6 13.8

Permanent job losers 30.3 30.8 15.8 15.0

Persons who completed

temporary jobs 29.8 29.3 18.9 10.4

Job leavers 29.9 20.5 11.1 9.4

Reentrants 33.7 27.5 13.6 13.9

New entrants 29.5 30.5 12.2 18.2

Men, 20 years and over 29.8 30.6 17.8 12.8

Job losers and persons who

completed temporary jobs 27.6 31.3 19.5 11.8

On temporary layoff 23.5 29.8 24.7 5.1

Not on temporary layoff 30.0 32.2 16.6 15.6

Permanent job losers 30.7 32.4 15.1 17.3

Persons who completed

temporary jobs 28.4 31.6 20.2 11.4

Job leavers 32.7 23.4 12.6 10.9

Reentrants 34.2 30.9 15.7 15.2

New entrants (1) (1) (1) (1)

Women, 20 years and over 30.3 26.5 12.6 13.9

Job losers and persons who

completed temporary jobs 30.3 25.3 14.4 10.9

On temporary layoff 26.9 15.4 9.0 6.4

Not on temporary layoff 31.7 29.3 16.5 12.7

Permanent job losers 32.0 30.0 17.0 13.1

Persons who completed

temporary jobs 30.7 26.4 14.9 11.5

Job leavers 29.0 19.4 9.9 9.5

Reentrants 31.6 30.4 11.7 18.7

New entrants 24.9 33.1 8.3 24.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years 31.2 19.6 12.9 6.7

Job losers and persons who

completed temporary jobs 22.4 15.5 13.4 2.1

On temporary layoff (1) (1) (1) (1)

Not on temporary layoff 21.3 20.9 17.6 3.3

Permanent job losers (1) (1) (1) (1)

Persons who completed

temporary jobs (1) (1) (1) (1)

Job leavers (1) (1) (1) (1)

Reentrants 36.0 19.4 13.8 5.5

New entrants 30.9 25.4 12.0 13.4

(1) Data not shown where base is less than 75,000.

A-33. Unemployed total and full-time workers by duration of

unemployment

Total

Thousands Percent

of pesos distribution

Apr. Apr. Apr. Apr.

Duration of unemployment 2000 2001 2000 2001

Total, 16 years and over 5,188 5,951 100.0 100.0

Less than 5 weeks 2,139 2,532 41.2 42.5

5 to 14 weeks 1,666 1,799 32.1 30.2

5 to 10 weeks 1,156 1,148 22.3 19.3

11 to 14 weeks 510 651 9.8 10.9

15 weeks and over 1,383 1,620 26.7 27.2

15 to 26 weeks 3 778 897 15.0 15.1

27 weeks and over 605 723 11.7 12.2

27 to 51 weeks 336 376 6.5 6.3

52 weeks and over 270 347 5.2 5.8

Average (mean) duration, in weeks 13.1 13.1 — —

Median duration, in weeks 7.3 7.0 — —

Full-time workers

Thousands Percent

of pesos distribution

Apr. Apr. Apr. Apr.

Duration of unemployment 2000 2001 2000 2001

Total, 16 years and over 4,137 4,694 100.0 100.0

Less than 5 weeks 1,578 1,833 38.1 39.1

5 to 14 weeks 1,363 1,453 32.9 31.0

5 to 10 weeks 931 885 22.5 18.9

11 to 14 weeks 432 568 10.4 12.1

15 weeks and over 1,196 1,408 28.9 30.0

15 to 26 weeks 3 670 755 16.2 16.1

27 weeks and over 527 653 12.7 13.9

27 to 51 weeks 293 332 7.1 7.1

52 weeks and over 234 322 5.6 6.9

Average (mean) duration, in weeks 14.0 14.4 — —

Median duration, in weeks 8.0 8.2 — —

A-34. Unemployed persons by age, sex, race, marital status, and

duration of unemployment

April 2001

Thousands of persons

Less

Sex, age, race, and than 5 to 14

marital status Total 5 weeks weeks

TOTAL

Total, 16 years and over 5,951 2,532 1,799

16 to 19 years 1,010 497 315

20 to 24 years 1,108 494 339

25 to 34 years 1,294 576 411

35 to 44 years 1,149 443 349

45 to 54 years 906 335 269

55 to 64 years 401 164 99

65 years and over 82 23 17

Men, 16 years and over 3,326 1,358 1,003

16 to 19 years 561 263 179

20 to 24 years 614 249 194

25 to 34 years 680 275 227

35 to 44 years 678 274 200

45 to 54 years 507 197 140

55 to 64 years 238 83 53

65 years and over 49 17 10

Women, 16 years and over 2,624 1,173 796

16 to 19 years 449 234 136

20 to 24 years 493 244 145

25 to 34 years 615 301 184

35 to 44 years 471 169 149

45 to 54 years 399 139 129

55 to 64 years 164 81 46

65 years and over 34 6 7

Race

White, 16 years and over 4,410 1,950 1,327

Men 2,468 1,052 738

Women 1,943 899 589

Black, 16 years and over 1,242 464 376

Men 694 249 216

Women 548 215 160

Marital status

Men, 16 years and over:

Married, spouse present 1,060 413 324

Widowed, divorced, or separated 451 197 122

Single (never married) 1,815 749 557

Women, 16 years and over:

Married, spouse present 901 401 297

Widowed, divorced, or separated 559 226 158

Single (never married) 1,165 546 341

April 2001

Thousands of persons

15 weeks and over

Sex, age, race, and 15 to 26 27 weeks

marital status Total weeks and over

TOTAL

Total, 16 years and over 1,620 897 723

16 to 19 years 198 130 68

20 to 24 years 275 161 114

25 to 34 years 308 171 137

35 to 44 years 357 171 186

45 to 54 years 302 160 142

55 to 64 years 138 84 54

65 years and over 42 20 23

Men, 16 years and over 965 574 390

16 to 19 years 119 83 37

20 to 24 years 171 116 55

25 to 34 years 178 104 74

35 to 44 years 203 105 98

45 to 54 years 170 91 79

55 to 64 years 102 65 37

65 years and over 21 11 10

Women, 16 years and over 655 322 333

16 to 19 years 79 48 31

20 to 24 years 104 44 60

25 to 34 years 130 67 63

35 to 44 years 153 66 88

45 to 54 years 132 69 63

55 to 64 years 36 19 17

65 years and over 21 9 12

Race

White, 16 years and over 1,133 659 474

Men 678 424 254

Women 455 235 219

Black, 16 years and over 402 186 216

Men 229 116 113

Women 173 70 103

Marital status

Men, 16 years and over:

Married, spouse present 323 197 126

Widowed, divorced, or separated 132 74 58

Single (never married) 509 303 206

Women, 16 years and over:

Married, spouse present 203 93 109

Widowed, divorced, or separated 175 109 65

Single (never married) 278 119 159

April 2001

Weeks

Average

Sex, age, race, and (mean) Median

marital status duration duration

TOTAL

Total, 16 years and over 13.1 7.0

16 to 19 years 9.6 4.7

20 to 24 years 11.9 6.3

25 to 34 years 12.1 6.2

35 to 44 years 15.4 8.3

45 to 54 years 15.6 9.7

55 to 64 years 14.8 7.6

65 years and over 19.0 15.1

Men, 16 years and over 13.2 7.5

16 to 19 years 10.0 5.3

20 to 24 years 12.1 7.4

25 to 34 years 12.7 7.1

35 to 44 years 13.8 8.1

45 to 54 years 15.7 9.2

55 to 64 years 17.4 10.4

65 years and over (1) (1)

Women, 16 years and over 12.9 6.5

16 to 19 years 9.0 4.3

20 to 24 years 11.7 4.7

25 to 34 years 11.4 4.9

35 to 44 years 17.9 8.6

45 to 54 years 15.5 10.3

55 to 64 years 10.9 4.6

65 years and over (1) (1)

Race

White, 16 years and over 12.1 6.5

Men 12.3 6.9

Women 11.8 5.8

Black, 16 years and over 16.4 8.5

Men 15.7 8.8

Women 17.3 8.2

Marital status

Men, 16 years and over:

Married, spouse present 13.4 8.4

Widowed, divorced, or separated 13.8 7.1

Single (never married) 13.0 7.0

Women, 16 years and over:

Married, spouse present 11.9 6.4

Widowed, divorced, or separated 14.6 8.5

Single (never married) 12.9 5.6

(1) Data not shown where base is less than 75,000

A-35. Unemployed persons by occupation, industry, and duration of

unemployment

April 2001

Thousands of persons

Less

than 5 to 14

Occupation and industry Total 5 weeks weeks

OCCUPATION

Managerial and professional

specialty 793 324 271

Technical, sales, and

administrative support 1,543 626 519

Service occupations 978 492 267

Precision production, craft, and

repair 675 309 216

Operators, fabricators, and laborers 1,299 532 346

Farming, forestry, and fishing 233 73 52

INDUSTRY(1)

Agriculture 172 54 50

Construction 585 215 190

Manufacturing 921 389 261

Durable goods 533 255 147

Nondurable goods 388 134 113

Transportation and public utilities 339 148 81

Wholesale and retail trade 1,396 626 449

Finance, insurance, and real estate 206 70 66

Services 1,566 726 465

Public administration 115 26 44

No previous work experience 411 164 121

April 2001

Thousands of persons

15 weeks and over

15 to 26 27 weeks

Occupation and industry Total weeks and over

OCCUPATION

Managerial and professional

specialty 197 101 97

Technical, sales, and

administrative support 399 213 186

Service occupations 219 110 109

Precision production, craft, and

repair 150 108 42

Operators, fabricators, and laborers 421 255 166

Farming, forestry, and fishing 108 59 49

INDUSTRY(1)

Agriculture 68 34 33

Construction 180 132 48

Manufacturing 271 139 132

Durable goods 130 66 64

Nondurable goods 141 73 68

Transportation and public utilities 110 62 48

Wholesale and retail trade 321 180 141

Finance, insurance, and real estate 70 42 28

Services 376 206 170

Public administration 45 25 20

No previous work experience 125 50 75

April 2001

Weeks

Average

(mean) Median

Occupation and industry duration duration

OCCUPATION

Managerial and professional

specialty 13.5 7.3

Technical, sales, and

administrative support 12.8 7.4

Service occupations 11.8 4.5

Precision production, craft, and

repair 10.2 5.8

Operators, fabricators, and laborers 14.0 8.1

Farming, forestry, and fishing 17.6 12.9

INDUSTRY(1)

Agriculture 15.9 10.7

Construction 13.2 9.2

Manufacturing 13.5 7.2

Durable goods 12.5 5.2

Nondurable goods 15.0 9.7

Transportation and public utilities 14.2 7.2

Wholesale and retail trade 11.9 5.8

Finance, insurance, and real estate 15.2 11.0

Services 12.4 6.0

Public administration 15.1 12.1

No previous work experience 16.0 8.1

(1) Includes wage and salary workers only.

A-36. Persons not in the labor force by desire and availability

for work, age, and sex

(In thousands)

Total

Apr. Apr.

Category 2000 2001

Total not in the labor force 68,813 70,275

Do not want a job now(1) 64,391 65,824

Want a job(1) 4,422 4,451

Did not search for work in previous year 2,563 2,664

Searched for work in previous year(2) 1,858 1,787

Not available to work now 643 663

Available to work now 1,215 1,124

Reason not currently looking:

Discouragement over job prospects(3) 330 346

Reasons other than discouragement 885 778

Family responsibilities 117 117

In school or training 217 177

Ill health or disability 92 81

Other(4) 459 404

Age

16 to 24

years

Apr. Apr.

Category 2000 2001

Total not in the labor force 12,271 12,885

Do not want a job now(1) 10,521 11,132

Want a job(1) 1,749 1,753

Did not search for work in previous year 911 943

Searched for work in previous year(2) 838 811

Not available to work now 394 369

Available to work now 444 442

Reason not currently looking:

Discouragement over job prospects(3) 106 100

Reasons other than discouragement 338 341

Family responsibilities 22 23

In school or training 193 161

Ill health or disability 28 14

Other(4) 94 144

Age

25 to 54

years

Apr. Apr.

Category 2000 2001

Total not in the labor force 18,422 19,349

Do not want a job now(1) 16,500 17,428

Want a job(1) 1,922 1,920

Did not search for work in previous year 1,082 1,136

Searched for work in previous year(2) 841 785

Not available to work now 218 251

Available to work now 623 534

Reason not currently looking:

Discouragement over job prospects(3) 173 180

Reasons other than discouragement 450 354

Family responsibilities 88 83

In school or training 23 15

Ill health or disability 48 50

Other(4) 291 205

Age

55 years

and over

Apr. Apr.

Category 2000 2001

Total not in the labor force 38,120 38,041

Do not want a job now(1) 37,370 37,264

Want a job(1) 750 777

Did not search for work in previous year 570 586

Searched for work in previous year(2) 180 192

Not available to work now 32 44

Available to work now 148 148

Reason not currently looking:

Discouragement over job prospects(3) 51 65

Reasons other than discouragement 97 83

Family responsibilities 7 11

In school or training — —

Ill health or disability 15 17

Other(4) 74 55

Sex

Men

Apr. Apr.

Category 2000 2001

Total not in the labor force 25,740 26,279

Do not want a job now(1) 23,833 24,337

Want a job(1) 1,907 1,942

Did not search for work in previous year 1,037 1,083

Searched for work in previous year(2) 870 859

Not available to work now 273 318

Available to work now 597 541

Reason not currently looking:

Discouragement over job prospects(3) 198 214

Reasons other than discouragement 399 327

Family responsibilities 23 11

In school or training 125 111

Ill health or disability 43 22

Other(4) 208 183

Sex

Women

Apr. Apr.

Category 2000 2001

Total not in the labor force 43,073 43,996

Do not want a job now(1) 40,558 41,487

Want a job(1) 2,515 2,509

Did not search for work in previous year 1,526 1,581

Searched for work in previous year(2) 989 929

Not available to work now 371 345

Available to work now 618 583

Reason not currently looking:

Discouragement over job prospects(3) 132 132

Reasons other than discouragement 486 452

Family responsibilities 94 106

In school or training 91 66

Ill health or disability 49 59

Other(4) 251 221

(1) Includes some persons who are not asked if they want a job.

(2) Persons who had a job in the prior 12 months must have searched

since the end of that job.

(3) Includes believes no work available, could not find work, lacks

necessary schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and

other types of discrimination.

(4) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4

weeks for such reasons as child-care and transportation problems, as

well as a small number for which reason for nonparticipation was not

ascertained.

A-37. Multiple jobholders by selected demographic and economic

characteristics

(Numbers in thousands)

Both sexes

Number

Apr. Apr.

Characteristic 2000 2001

AGE

Total, 16 years and over(2) 7,737 7,280

16 to 19 years 297 264

20 years and over 7,440 7,015

20 to 24 years 779 705

25 years and over 6,661 6,310

25 to 54 years 5,847 5,495

55 years and over 814 815

55 to 64 years 657 692

65 years and over 157 123

RACE AND HISPANIC ORIGIN

White 6,645 6,180

Black 762 800

Hispanic origin 458 519

MARITAL STATUS

Married, spouse present 4,335 4,074

Widowed, divorced, or separated 1,358 1,322

Single (never married) 2,043 1,884

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Primary job full time, secondary job part time 4,256 4,122

Primary and secondary jobs both part time 1,596 1,573

Primary and secondary jobs both full time 348 274

Hours vary on primary or secondary job 1,501 1,282

Both sexes

Rate(1)

Apr. Apr.

Characteristic 2000 2001

AGE

Total, 16 years and over(2) 5.7 5.4

16 to 19 years 4.2 4.0

20 years and over 5.8 5.5

20 to 24 years 5.9 5.3

25 years and over 5.8 5.5

25 to 54 years 6.0 5.7

55 years and over 4.6 4.5

55 to 64 years 4.8 4.9

65 years and over 3.9 2.9

RACE AND HISPANIC ORIGIN

White 5.9 5.5

Black 4.9 5.2

Hispanic origin 3.2 3.5

MARITAL STATUS

Married, spouse present 5.6 5.3

Widowed, divorced, or separated 6.3 6.1

Single (never married) 5.6 5.2

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Primary job full time, secondary job part time — —

Primary and secondary jobs both part time — —

Primary and secondary jobs both full time — —

Hours vary on primary or secondary job — —

Men

Number

Apr. Apr.

Characteristic 2000 2001

AGE

Total, 16 years and over(2) 4,060 3,829

16 to 19 years 123 117

20 years and over 3,937 3,713

20 to 24 years 360 331

25 years and over 3,577 3,382

25 to 54 years 3,126 2,947

55 years and over 450 434

55 to 64 years 352 364

65 years and over 99 70

RACE AND HISPANIC ORIGIN

White 3,519 3,253

Black 387 413

Hispanic origin 287 318

MARITAL STATUS

Married, spouse present 2,566 2,383

Widowed, divorced, or separated 508 484

Single (never married) 986 962

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Primary job full time, secondary job part time 2,453 2,343

Primary and secondary jobs both part time 509 529

Primary and secondary jobs both full time 228 196

Hours vary on primary or secondary job 859 748

Men

Rate(1)

Apr. Apr.

Characteristic 2000 2001

AGE

Total, 16 years and over(2) 5.6 5.3

16 to 19 years 3.4 3.5

20 years and over 5.8 5.4

20 to 24 years 5.2 4.8

25 years and over 5.8 5.5

25 to 54 years 6.0 5.7

55 years and over 4.7 4.3

55 to 64 years 4.8 4.8

65 years and over 4.3 2.9

RACE AND HISPANIC ORIGIN

White 5.7 5.3

Black 5.4 5.9

Hispanic origin 3.4 3.7

MARITAL STATUS

Married, spouse present 5.9 5.5

Widowed, divorced, or separated 5.6 5.5

Single (never married) 5.0 4.9

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Primary job full time, secondary job part time — —

Primary and secondary jobs both part time — —

Primary and secondary jobs both full time — —

Hours vary on primary or secondary job — —

Women

Number

Apr. Apr.

Characteristic 2000 2001

AGE

Total, 16 years and over(2) 3,677 3,450

16 to 19 years 174 148

20 years and over 3,503 3,302

20 to 24 years 419 374

25 years and over 3,084 2,928

25 to 54 years 2,721 2,548

55 years and over 363 380

55 to 64 years 305 327

65 years and over 59 53

RACE AND HISPANIC ORIGIN

White 3,126 2,927

Black 375 387

Hispanic origin 172 202

MARITAL STATUS

Married, spouse present 1,769 1,691

Widowed, divorced, or separated 850 837

Single (never married) 1,057 922

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Primary job full time, secondary job part time 1,803 1,779

Primary and secondary jobs both part time 1,087 1,045

Primary and secondary jobs both full time 120 78

Hours vary on primary or secondary job 642 534

Women

Rate(1)

Apr. Apr.

Characteristic 2000 2001

AGE

Total, 16 years and over(2) 5.8 5.5

16 to 19 years 5.0 4.6

20 years and over 5.9 5.5

20 to 24 years 6.7 5.8

25 years and over 5.8 5.5

25 to 54 years 6.0 5.6

55 years and over 4.5 4.6

55 to 64 years 4.9 5.0

65 years and over 3.3 3.1

RACE AND HISPANIC ORIGIN

White 6.0 5.7

Black 4.6 4.7

Hispanic origin 2.9 3.3

MARITAL STATUS

Married, spouse present 5.2 5.0

Widowed, divorced, or separated 6.7 6.5

Single (never married) 6.3 5.6

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Primary job full time, secondary job part time — —

Primary and secondary jobs both part time — —

Primary and secondary jobs both full time — —

Hours vary on primary or secondary job — —

(1) Multiple jobholders as a percent of all employed persons in

specified group.

(2) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their

primary job and full time on their secondary jobs(s), not shown

separately.

NOTE: Detail for the above race and Hispanic-origin groups will not

sum to totals because data for the “other races” group are not

presented and Hispanics are included in both the white and black

population groups.

A-38. Employment status of male Vietnam-era veterans and

nonveterans by age

(Numbers in thousands)

Civilian Civilian labor force

noninstitutional

population Total Employed

Veteran status Apr. Apr. Apr. Apr. Apr.

and age 2000 2001 2000 2001 2000

VIETNAM-ERA VETERANS

Total, 40 years and over 7,713 7,659 6,128 6,092 5,983

40 to 54 years 5,057 4,512 4,337 3,910 4,212

40 to 44 years 367 184 312 156 300

45 to 49 years 1,614 1,304 1,397 1,148 1,359

50 to 54 years 3,076 3,024 2,628 2,606 2,552

55 years and over 2,656 3,147 1,791 2,182 1,771

NONVETERANS

Total, 40 to 54 years 22,171 23,375 20,151 21,178 19,666

40 to 44 years 9,595 9,785 8,861 9,087 8,605

45 to 49 years 7,695 8,216 6,999 7,399 6,861

50 to 54 years 4,882 5,374 4,291 4,691 4,200

Civilian labor force

Unemployed

Percent of

Employed Number labor force

Veteran status Apr. Apr. Apr. Apr. Apr.

and age 2001 2000 2001 2000 2001

VIETNAM-ERA VETERANS

Total, 40 years and over 5,902 145 189 2.4 3.1

40 to 54 years 3,789 125 120 2.9 3.1

40 to 44 years 149 12 6 4.0 4.1

45 to 49 years 1,101 37 47 2.7 4.1

50 to 54 years 2,539 76 67 2.9 2.6

55 years and over 2,113 20 69 1.1 3.2

NONVETERANS

Total, 40 to 54 years 20,539 485 638 2.4 3.0

40 to 44 years 8,814 256 273 2.9 3.0

45 to 49 years 7,201 138 198 2.0 2.7

50 to 54 years 4,524 91 167 2.1 3.6

NOTE: Male Vietnam-era veterans are men who served in the Armed

Forces between August 5, 1964 and May 7, 1975. Nonveterans are men who

have never served in the Armed Forces.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA HISTORICAL EMPLOYMENT

B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by major industry, 1950 to date

(In thousands)

Year Goods-producing

and Total

month Total Private Total Mining Construction

Annual averages

1950 45,197 39,170 18,506 901 2,364

1951 47,819 41,430 19,959 929 2,637

1952 48,793 42,185 20,198 898 2,668

1953 50,202 43,556 21,074 866 2,659

1954 48,990 42,238 19,751 791 2,646

1955 50,641 43,727 20,513 792 2,839

1956 52,369 45,091 21,104 822 3,039

1957 52,855 45,239 20,967 828 2,962

1958 51,322 43,483 19,513 751 2,817

1959(2) 53,270 45,186 20,411 732 3,004

1960 54,189 45,836 20,434 712 2,926

1961 53,999 45,404 19,857 672 2,859

1962 55,549 46,660 20,451 650 2,948

1963 56,653 47,429 20,640 635 3,010

1964 58,283 48,686 21,005 634 3,097

1965 60,763 50,689 21,926 632 3,232

1966 63,901 53,116 23,158 627 3,317

1967 65,803 54,413 23,308 613 3,248

1968 67,897 56,058 23,737 606 3,350

1969 70,384 58,189 24,361 619 3,575

1970 70,880 58,325 23,578 623 3,588

1971 71,211 58,331 22,935 609 3,704

1972 73,675 60,341 23,668 628 3,889

1973 76,790 63,058 24,893 642 4,097

1974 78,265 64,095 24,794 697 4,020

1975 76,945 62,259 22,600 752 3,525

1976 79,382 64,511 23,352 779 3,576

1977 82,471 67,344 24,346 813 3,851

1978 86,697 71,026 25,585 851 4,229

1979 89,823 73,876 26,461 958 4,463

1980 90,406 74,166 25,658 1,027 4,346

1981 91,152 75,121 25,497 1,139 4,188

1982 89,544 73,707 23,812 1,128 3,904

1983 90,152 74,282 23,330 952 3,946

1984 94,408 78,384 24,718 966 4,380

1985 97,387 80,992 24,842 927 4,668

1986 99,344 82,651 24,533 777 4,810

1987 101,958 84,948 24,674 717 4,958

1988 105,209 87,823 25,125 713 5,098

1989 107,884 90,105 25,254 692 5,171

1990 109,403 91,098 24,905 709 5,120

1991 108,249 89,847 23,745 689 4,650

1992 108,601 89,956 23,231 635 4,492

1993 110,713 91,872 23,352 610 4,668

1994 114,163 95,036 23,908 601 4,986

1995 117,191 97,885 24,265 581 5,160

1996 119,608 100,189 24,493 580 5,418

1997 122,690 103,133 24,962 596 5,691

1998 125,865 106,042 25,414 590 6,020

1999 128,786 108,616 25,482 535 6,404

2000 131,418 110,846 25,662 538 6,687

Monthly data, seasonally adjusted

2000:

April 131,419 110,752 25,725 539 6,694

May 131,590 110,578 25,684 539 6,666

June 131,647 110,845 25,700 539 6,668

July 131,607 111,001 25,756 538 6,670

August 131,528 111,018 25,644 537 6,675

September 131,723 111,232 25,639 539 6,720

October 131,789 111,325 25,665 542 6,745

November 131,842 111,437 25,635 541 6,734

December 131,878 111,443 25,569 540 6,717

2001:

January 132,167 111,657 25,641 547 6,874

February 132,303 111,714 25,563 551 6,888

March(p) 132,250 111,650 25,500 553 6,904

April(p) 132,027 111,389 25,336 557 6,840

Service-producing

Year Transportation Wholesale

and and public trade

Month Manufacturing Total utilities

Annual Averages

1950 15,241 26,691 4,034 2,643

1951 16,393 27,860 4,226 2,735

1952 16,632 28,595 4,248 2,821

1953 17,549 29,128 4,290 2,862

1954 16,314 29,239 4,084 2,875

1955 16,882 30,128 4,141 2,934

1956 17,243 31,264 4,244 3,027

1957 17,176 31,889 4,241 3,037

1958 15,945 31,811 3,976 2,989

1959(2) 16,675 32,857 4,011 3,092

1960 16,796 33,755 4,004 3,153

1961 16,326 34,142 3,903 3,142

1962 16,853 35,098 3,906 3,207

1963 16,995 36,013 3,903 3,258

1964 17,274 37,278 3,951 3,347

1965 18,062 38,839 4,036 3,477

1966 19,214 40,743 4,158 3,608

1967 19,447 42,495 4,268 3,700

1968 19,781 44,158 4,318 3,791

1969 20,167 46,023 4,442 3,919

1970 19,367 47,302 4,515 4,006

1971 18,623 48,276 4,476 4,014

1972 19,151 50,007 4,541 4,127

1973 20,154 51,897 4,656 4,291

1974 20,077 53,471 4,725 4,447

1975 18,323 54,345 4,542 4,430

1976 18,997 56,030 4,582 4,562

1977 19,682 58,125 4,713 4,723

1978 20,505 61,113 4,923 4,985

1979 21,040 63,363 5,136 5,221

1980 20,285 64,748 5,146 5,292

1981 20,170 65,655 5,165 5,375

1982 18,780 65,732 5,081 5,295

1983 18,432 66,821 4,952 5,283

1984 19,372 69,690 5,156 5,568

1985 19,248 72,544 5,233 5,727

1986 18,947 74,811 5,247 5,761

1987 18,999 77,264 5,362 5,848

1988 19,314 80,084 5,512 6,030

1989 19,391 82,630 5,614 6,187

1990 19,076 84,497 5,777 6,173

1991 18,406 84,504 5,755 6,081

1992 18,104 85,370 5,718 5,997

1993 18,075 87,361 5,811 5,981

1994 18,321 90,256 5,984 6,162

1995 18,524 92,925 6,132 6,378

1996 18,495 95,115 6,253 6,482

1997 18,675 97,727 6,408 6,648

1998 18,805 100,451 6,611 6,800

1999 18,543 103,304 6,826 6,924

2000 18,437 105,756 6,993 7,064

Monthly data, seasonally adjusted

2000:

April 18,492 105,694 6,970 7,055

May 18,479 105,906 6,962 7,048

June 18,493 105,947 6,985 7,049

July 18,548 105,851 7,010 7,050

August 18,432 105,884 6,941 7,062

September 18,380 106,084 7,037 7,070

October 18,378 106,124 7,046 7,087

November 18,360 106,207 7,060 7,093

December 18,312 106,309 7,086 7,085

2001:

January 18,220 106,526 7,077 7,074

February 18,124 106,740 7,096 7,072

March(p) 18,043 106,750 7,098 7,070

April(p) 17,939 106,691 7,096 7,066

Service-producing

Finance,

Year insurance, Services

and Retail and real

Month trade estate

Annual Averages

1950 6,743 1,888 5,356

1951 7,007 1,956 5,547

1952 7,184 2,035 5,699

1953 7,385 2,111 5,835

1954 7,360 2,200 5,969

1955 7,601 2,298 6,240

1956 7,831 2,389 6,497

1957 7,848 2,438 6,708

1958 7,761 2,481 6,765

1959(2) 8,035 2,549 7,087

1960 8,238 2,628 7,378

1961 8,195 2,688 7,619

1962 8,359 2,754 7,982

1963 8,520 2,830 8,277

1964 8,812 2,911 8,660

1965 9,239 2,977 9,036

1966 9,637 3,058 9,498

1967 9,906 3,185 10,045

1968 10,308 3,337 10,567

1969 10,785 3,512 11,169

1970 11,034 3,645 11,548

1971 11,338 3,772 11,797

1972 11,822 3,908 12,276

1973 12,315 4,046 12,857

1974 12,539 4,148 13,441

1975 12,630 4,165 13,892

1976 13,193 4,271 14,551

1977 13,792 4,467 15,302

1978 14,556 4,724 16,252

1979 14,972 4,975 17,112

1980 15,018 5,160 17,890

1981 15,171 5,298 18,615

1982 15,158 5,340 19,021

1983 15,587 5,466 19,664

1984 16,512 5,684 20,746

1985 17,315 5,948 21,927

1986 17,880 6,273 22,957

1987 18,422 6,533 24,110

1988 19,023 6,630 25,504

1989 19,475 6,668 26,907

1990 19,601 6,709 27,934

1991 19,284 6,646 28,336

1992 19,356 6,602 29,052

1993 19,773 6,757 30,197

1994 20,507 6,896 31,579

1995 21,187 6,806 33,117

1996 21,597 6,911 34,454

1997 21,966 7,109 36,040

1998 22,295 7,389 37,533

1999 22,788 7,569 39,027

2000 23,136 7,618 40,384

Monthly data, seasonally adjusted

2000:

April 23,197 7,610 40,195

May 23,064 7,600 40,220

June 23,122 7,588 40,401

July 23,196 7,586 40,403

August 23,191 7,608 40,572

September 23,179 7,622 40,685

October 23,193 7,638 40,696

November 23,238 7,647 40,764

December

2001:

January 3,272 7,676 40,917

February 3,355 7,690 40,938

March(p) 3,309 7,708 40,965

April(p) 3,331 7,716 40,844

Government

Year

and

Month Federal State Local

Annual Averages

1950 1,928 (1) (1)

1951 2,302 (1) (1)

1952 2,420 (1) (1)

1953 2,305 (1) (1)

1954 2,188 (1) (1)

1955 2,187 1,168 3,558

1956 2,209 1,250 3,819

1957 2,217 1,328 4,071

1958 2,191 1,415 4,232

1959(2) 2,233 1,484 4,366

1960 2,270 1,536 4,547

1961 2,279 1,607 4,708

1962 2,340 1,668 4,881

1963 2,358 1,747 5,121

1964 2,348 1,856 5,392

1965 2,378 1,996 5,700

1966 2,564 2,141 6,080

1967 2,719 2,302 6,371

1968 2,737 2,442 6,660

1969 2,758 2,533 6,904

1970 2,731 2,664 7,158

1971 2,696 2,747 7,437

1972 2,684 2,859 7,790

1973 2,663 2,923 8,146

1974 2,724 3,039 8,407

1975 2,748 3,179 8,758

1976 2,733 3,273 8,865

1977 2,727 3,377 9,023

1978 2,753 3,474 9,446

1979 2,773 3,541 9,633

1980 2,866 3,610 9,765

1981 2,772 3,640 9,619

1982 2,739 3,640 9,458

1983 2,774 3,662 9,434

1984 2,807 3,734 9,482

1985 2,875 3,832 9,687

1986 2,899 3,893 9,901

1987 2,943 3,967 10,100

1988 2,971 4,076 10,339

1989 2,988 4,182 10,609

1990 3,085 4,305 10,914

1991 2,966 4,355 11,081

1992 2,969 4,408 11,267

1993 2,915 4,488 11,438

1994 2,870 4,576 11,682

1995 2,822 4,635 11,849

1996 2,757 4,606 12,056

1997 2,699 4,582 12,276

1998 2,686 4,612 12,525

1999 2,669 4,695 12,806

2000 2,777 4,746 13,049

Monthly data, seasonally adjusted

2000:

April 2,885 4,744 13,038

May 3,238 4,737 13,037

June 3,092 4,716 12,994

July 2,819 4,744 13,043

August 2,657 4,765 13,088

September 2,627 4,776 13,088

October 2,625 4,755 13,084

November 2,615 4,748 13,042

December 2,566 4,769 13,100

2001:

January 2,616 4,759 13,135

February 2,619 4,794 13,176

March(p) 2,615 4,800 13,185

April(p) 2,614 4,807 13,217

(1) Not available.

NOTE: Establishment survey estimates are currently projected

from March 1999

(2) Data include Alaska and Hawaii beginning in 1959. THis inclusion

resulted in an increase of 212,000 (0.4 percent) in the nonfarm for

the March 1959 benchmark month.

(p) = preliminary.

NOTE: Establishment survey estimates are currently projected from March

1999 benchmark levels. When more recent benchmark data are introduced,

all unadjusted data (beginning April 1999) and all seasonally adjusted

data (beginning January 1996) are subject to revision.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA HISTORICAL HOURS AND EARNINGS

B-2. Average hours and earnings of production or nonsupervisory

workers(1) on private nonfarm payrolls by major industry,

1964 to date

Total private(1)

Year and Weekly Hourly Weekly

month hours earnings earnings

Annual averages

1964 38.7 $2.36 $91.33

1965 38.8 2.46 95.45

1966 38.6 2.56 98.82

1967 38.0 2.68 101.84

1968 37.8 2.85 107.73

1969 37.7 3.04 114.61

1970 37.1 3.23 119.83

1971 36.9 3.45 127.31

1972 37.0 3.70 136.90

1973 36.9 3.94 145.39

1974 36.5 4.24 154.76

1975 36.1 4.53 163.53

1976 36.1 4.86 175.45

1977 36.0 5.25 189.00

1978 35.8 5.69 203.70

1979 35.7 6.16 219.91

1980 35.3 6.66 235.10

1981 35.2 7.25 255.20

1982 34.8 7.68 267.26

1983 35.0 8.02 280.70

1984 35.2 8.32 292.86

1985 34.9 8.57 299.09

1986 34.8 8.76 304.85

1987 34.8 8.98 312.50

1988 34.7 9.28 322.02

1989 34.6 9.66 334.24

1990 34.5 10.01 345.35

1991 34.3 10.32 353.98

1992 34.4 10.57 363.61

1993 34.5 10.83 373.64

1994 34.7 11.12 385.86

1995 34.5 11.43 394.34

1996 34.4 11.82 406.61

1997 34.6 12.28 424.89

1998 34.6 12.78 442.19

1999 34.5 13.24 456.78

2000 34.5 13.74 474.03

Monthly data, not seasonally adjusted

2000:

April 34.6 $13.69 $473.67

May 34.3 13.64 467.85

June 34.6 13.62 471.25

July 34.9 13.68 477.43

August 34.7 13.67 474.35

September 34.5 13.88 478.86

October 34.7 13.96 484.41

November 34.2 13.98 478.12

December 34.2 14.03 479.83

2001:

January 33.9 14.09 477.65

February 34.0 14.16 481.44

March(p) 34.0 14.18 482.12

April(p) 34.1 14.27 486.61

Mining

Year and Weekly Hourly Weekly

month hours earnings earnings

Annual averages

1964 41.9 $2.81 $117.74

1965 42.3 2.92 123.52

1966 42.7 3.05 130.24

1967 42.6 3.19 135.89

1968 42.6 3.35 142.71

1969 43.0 3.60 154.80

1970 42.7 3.85 164.40

1971 42.4 4.06 172.14

1972 42.6 4.44 189.14

1973 42.4 4.75 201.40

1974 41.9 5.23 219.14

1975 41.9 5.95 249.31

1976 42.4 6.46 273.90

1977 43.4 6.94 301.20

1978 43.4 7.67 332.88

1979 43.0 8.49 365.07

1980 43.3 9.17 397.06

1981 43.7 10.04 438.75

1982 42.7 10.77 459.88

1983 42.5 11.28 479.40

1984 43.3 11.63 503.58

1985 43.4 11.98 519.93

1986 42.2 12.46 525.81

1987 42.4 12.54 531.70

1988 42.3 12.80 541.44

1989 43.0 13.26 570.18

1990 44.1 13.68 603.29

1991 44.4 14.19 630.04

1992 43.9 14.54 638.31

1993 44.3 14.60 646.78

1994 44.8 14.88 666.62

1995 44.7 15.30 683.91

1996 45.3 15.62 707.59

1997 45.4 16.15 733.21

1998 43.9 16.91 742.35

1999 43.8 17.09 748.54

2000 44.9 17.14 769.59

Monthly data, not seasonally adjusted

2000:

April 44.9 $17.29 $776.32

May 44.4 17.19 763.24

June 45.1 17.09 770.76

July 45.3 17.13 775.99

August 45.0 16.94 762.30

September 46.0 17.05 784.30

October 46.1 17.02 784.62

November 45.0 17.06 767.70

December 44.9 17.17 770.93

2001:

January 44.7 17.22 769.73

February 44.6 17.26 769.80

March(p) 45.0 17.29 778.05

April(p) 45.7 17.35 792.90

Construction

Year and Weekly Hourly Weekly

month hours earnings earnings

Annual averages

1964 37.2 $3.55 $132.06

1965 37.4 3.70 138.38

1966 37.6 3.89 146.26

1967 37.7 4.11 154.95

1968 37.3 4.41 164.49

1969 37.9 4.79 181.54

1970 37.3 5.24 195.45

1971 37.2 5.69 211.67

1972 36.5 6.06 221.19

1973 36.8 6.41 235.89

1974 36.6 6.81 249.25

1975 36.4 7.31 266.08

1976 36.8 7.71 283.73

1977 36.5 8.10 295.65

1978 36.8 8.66 318.69

1979 37.0 9.27 342.99

1980 37.0 9.94 367.78

1981 36.9 10.82 399.26

1982 36.7 11.63 426.82

1983 37.1 11.94 442.97

1984 37.8 12.13 458.51

1985 37.7 12.32 464.46

1986 37.4 12.48 466.75

1987 37.8 12.71 480.44

1988 37.9 13.08 495.73

1989 37.9 13.54 513.17

1990 38.2 13.77 526.01

1991 38.1 14.00 533.40

1992 38.0 14.15 537.70

1993 38.5 14.38 553.63

1994 38.9 14.73 573.00

1995 38.9 15.09 587.00

1996 39.0 15.47 603.33

1997 39.0 16.04 625.56

1998 38.9 16.61 646.13

1999 39.1 17.18 671.74

2000 39.3 17.86 701.90

Monthly data, not seasonally adjusted

2000:

April 39.2 $17.66 $692.27

May 39.6 17.71 701.32

June 39.6 17.74 702.50

July 40.3 17.95 723.39

August 40.2 18.04 725.21

September 40.0 18.16 726.40

October 40.1 18.21 730.22

November 38.4 18.16 697.34

December 37.7 18.21 686.52

2001:

January 37.7 18.21 686.52

February 37.2 18.26 679.27

March(p) 38.4 18.29 702.34

April(p) 38.0 18.24 693.12

Manufacturing

Hourly

earnings,

Year and Weekly Hourly excluding Weekly

month hours earnings overtime earnings

Annual averages

1964 40.7 $2.53 $2.43 $102.97

1965 41.2 2.61 2.50 107.53

1966 41.4 2.71 2.59 112.19

1967 40.6 2.82 2.71 114.49

1968 40.7 3.01 2.88 122.51

1969 40.6 3.19 3.05 129.51

1970 39.8 3.35 3.23 133.33

1971 39.9 3.57 3.45 142.44

1972 40.5 3.82 3.66 154.71

1973 40.7 4.09 3.91 166.46

1974 40.0 4.42 4.25 176.80

1975 39.5 4.83 4.67 190.79

1976 40.1 5.22 5.02 209.32

1977 40.3 5.68 5.44 228.90

1978 40.4 6.17 5.91 249.27

1979 40.2 6.70 6.43 269.34

1980 39.7 7.27 7.02 288.62

1981 39.8 7.99 7.72 318.00

1982 38.9 8.49 8.25 330.26

1983 40.1 8.83 8.52 354.08

1984 40.7 9.19 8.82 374.03

1985 40.5 9.54 9.16 386.37

1986 40.7 9.73 9.34 396.01

1987 41.0 9.91 9.48 406.31

1988 41.1 10.19 9.73 418.81

1989 41.0 10.48 10.02 429.68

1990 40.8 10.83 10.37 441.86

1991 40.7 11.18 10.71 455.03

1992 41.0 11.46 10.95 469.86

1993 41.4 11.74 11.18 486.04

1994 42.0 12.07 11.43 506.94

1995 41.6 12.37 11.74 514.59

1996 41.6 12.77 12.12 531.23

1997 42.0 13.17 12.45 553.14

1998 41.7 13.49 12.79 562.53

1999 41.7 13.91 13.18 580.05

2000 41.5 14.38 13.64 596.77

Monthly data, not seasonally adjusted

2000:

April 41.7 $14.28 $13.54 $595.48

May 41.4 14.27 13.54 590.78

June 41.7 14.34 13.58 597.98

July 41.1 14.37 13.64 590.61

August 41.4 14.37 13.62 594.92

September 41.7 14.50 13.71 604.65

October 41.6 14.53 13.77 604.45

November 41.6 14.62 13.87 608.19

December 41.2 14.68 13.95 604.82

2001:

January 40.7 14.62 13.95 595.03

February 40.4 14.65 14.01 591.86

March(p) 40.6 14.69 14.05 596.41

April(p) 39.6 14.79 14.24 585.68

Transportation and public

utilities

Year and Weekly Hourly Weekly

month hours earnings earnings

Annual averages

1964 41.1 $2.89 $118.78

1965 41.3 3.03 125.14

1966 41.2 3.11 128.13

1967 40.5 3.23 130.82

1968 40.6 3.42 138.85

1969 40.7 3.63 147.74

1970 40.5 3.85 155.93

1971 40.1 4.21 168.82

1972 40.4 4.65 187.86

1973 40.5 5.02 203.31

1974 40.2 5.41 217.48

1975 39.7 5.88 233.44

1976 39.8 6.45 256.71

1977 39.9 6.99 278.90

1978 40.0 7.57 302.80

1979 39.9 8.16 325.58

1980 39.6 8.87 351.25

1981 39.4 9.70 382.18

1982 39.0 10.32 402.48

1983 39.0 10.79 420.81

1984 39.4 11.12 438.13

1985 39.5 11.40 450.30

1986 39.2 11.70 458.64

1987 39.2 12.03 471.58

1988 38.2 12.24 467.57

1989 38.3 12.57 481.43

1990 38.4 12.92 496.13

1991 38.1 13.20 502.92

1992 38.3 13.43 514.37

1993 39.3 13.55 532.52

1994 39.7 13.78 547.07

1995 39.4 14.13 556.72

1996 39.6 14.45 572.22

1997 39.7 14.92 592.32

1998 39.5 15.31 604.75

1999 38.7 15.69 607.20

2000 38.5 16.22 624.47

Monthly data, not seasonally adjusted

2000:

April 38.8 $16.15 $626.62

May 38.2 16.13 616.17

June 38.5 16.17 622.55

July 39.2 16.19 634.65

August 38.7 16.22 627.71

September 38.7 16.31 631.20

October 39.0 16.38 638.82

November 38.5 16.43 632.56

December 38.6 16.53 638.06

2001:

January 38.2 16.56 632.59

February 38.2 16.68 637.18

March(p) 38.0 16.60 630.80

April(p) 38.6 16.69 644.23

Wholesale trade

Year and Weekly Hourly Weekly

month hours earnings earnings

Annual averages

1964 40.7 $2.52 $102.56

1965 40.8 2.60 106.08

1966 40.7 2.73 111.11

1967 40.3 2.87 115.66

1968 40.1 3.04 121.90

1969 40.2 3.23 129.85

1970 39.9 3.43 136.86

1971 39.4 3.64 143.42

1972 39.4 3.85 151.69

1973 39.2 4.07 159.54

1974 38.8 4.38 169.94

1975 38.6 4.72 182.19

1976 38.7 5.02 194.27

1977 38.8 5.39 209.13

1978 38.8 5.88 228.14

1979 38.8 6.39 247.93

1980 38.4 6.95 266.88

1981 38.5 7.55 290.68

1982 38.3 8.08 309.46

1983 38.5 8.54 328.79

1984 38.5 8.88 341.88

1985 38.4 9.15 351.36

1986 38.3 9.34 357.72

1987 38.1 9.59 365.38

1988 38.1 9.98 380.24

1989 38.0 10.39 394.82

1990 38.1 10.79 411.10

1991 38.1 11.15 424.82

1992 38.2 11.39 435.10

1993 38.2 11.74 448.47

1994 38.4 12.06 463.10

1995 38.3 12.43 476.07

1996 38.3 12.87 492.92

1997 38.4 13.45 516.48

1998 38.3 14.07 538.88

1999 38.3 14.58 558.41

2000 38.5 15.18 584.43

Monthly data, not seasonally adjusted

2000:

April 38.9 $15.14 $588.95

May 38.4 14.99 575.62

June 38.5 15.04 579.04

July 38.8 15.25 591.70

August 38.3 15.17 581.01

September 38.5 15.32 589.82

October 38.7 15.45 597.92

November 38.5 15.46 595.21

December 38.4 15.59 598.66

2001:

January 38.0 15.57 591.66

February 38.0 15.66 595.08

March(p) 38.2 15.60 595.92

April(p) 38.6 15.81 610.27

Retail trade

Year and Weekly Hourly Weekly

month hours earnings earnings

Annual averages

1964 37.0 $1.75 $64.75

1965 36.6 1.82 66.61

1966 35.9 1.91 68.57

1967 35.3 2.01 70.95

1968 34.7 2.16 74.95

1969 34.2 2.30 78.66

1970 33.8 2.44 82.47

1971 33.7 2.60 87.62

1972 33.4 2.75 91.85

1973 33.1 2.91 96.32

1974 32.7 3.14 102.68

1975 32.4 3.36 108.86

1976 32.1 3.57 114.60

1977 31.6 3.85 121.66

1978 31.0 4.20 130.20

1979 30.6 4.53 138.62

1980 30.2 4.88 147.38

1981 30.1 5.25 158.03

1982 29.9 5.48 163.85

1983 29.8 5.74 171.05

1984 29.8 5.85 174.33

1985 29.4 5.94 174.64

1986 29.2 6.03 176.08

1987 29.2 6.12 178.70

1988 29.1 6.31 183.62

1989 28.9 6.53 188.72

1990 28.8 6.75 194.40

1991 28.6 6.94 198.48

1992 28.8 7.12 205.06

1993 28.8 7.29 209.95

1994 28.9 7.49 216.46

1995 28.8 7.69 221.47

1996 28.8 7.99 230.11

1997 28.9 8.33 240.74

1998 29.0 8.74 253.46

1999 29.0 9.08 263.32

2000 28.9 9.45 273.11

Monthly data, not seasonally adjusted

2000:

April 28.9 $9.42 $272.24

May 28.8 9.39 270.43

June 29.3 9.38 274.83

July 29.8 9.38 279.52

August 29.5 9.40 277.30

September 28.8 9.57 275.62

October 28.9 9.58 276.86

November 28.6 9.60 274.56

December 28.9 9.65 278.89

2001:

January 28.2 9.68 272.98

February 28.4 9.71 275.76

March(p) 28.5 9.73 277.31

April(p) 28.9 9.77 282.35

Finance, insurance,

and real estate

Year and Weekly Hourly Weekly

month hours earnings earnings

Annual averages

1964 37.3 $2.30 $85.79

1965 37.2 2.39 88.91

1966 37.3 2.47 92.13

1967 37.1 2.58 95.72

1968 37.0 2.75 101.75

1969 37.1 2.93 108.70

1970 36.7 3.07 112.67

1971 36.6 3.22 117.85

1972 36.6 3.36 122.98

1973 36.6 3.53 129.20

1974 36.5 3.77 137.61

1975 36.5 4.06 148.19

1976 36.4 4.27 155.43

1977 36.4 4.54 165.26

1978 36.4 4.89 178.00

1979 36.2 5.27 190.77

1980 36.2 5.79 209.60

1981 36.3 6.31 229.05

1982 36.2 6.78 245.44

1983 36.2 7.29 263.90

1984 36.5 7.63 278.50

1985 36.4 7.94 289.02

1986 36.4 8.36 304.30

1987 36.3 8.73 316.90

1988 35.9 9.06 325.25

1989 35.8 9.53 341.17

1990 35.8 9.97 356.93

1991 35.7 10.39 370.92

1992 35.8 10.82 387.36

1993 35.8 11.35 406.33

1994 35.8 11.83 423.51

1995 35.9 12.32 442.29

1996 35.9 12.80 459.52

1997 36.1 13.34 481.57

1998 36.4 14.07 512.15

1999 36.2 14.62 529.24

2000 36.30 15.07 547.04

Monthly data, not seasonally adjusted

2000:

April 36.7 $15.12 $554.90

May 35.9 15.02 539.22

June 36.2 14.93 540.47

July 36.7 15.01 550.87

August 36.0 14.99 539.64

September 36.1 15.12 545.83

October 36.6 15.24 557.78

November 35.9 15.25 547.48

December 36.1 15.32 553.05

2001:

January 36.0 15.45 556.20

February 36.3 15.64 567.73

March(p) 36.0 15.69 564.84

April(p) 36.9 15.85 584.87

Services

Year and Weekly Hourly Weekly

month hours earnings earnings

Annual averages

1964 36.1 $1.94 $70.03

1965 35.9 2.05 73.60

1966 35.5 2.17 77.04

1967 35.1 2.29 80.38

1968 34.7 2.42 83.97

1969 34.7 2.61 90.57

1970 34.4 2.81 96.66

1971 33.9 3.04 103.06

1972 33.9 3.27 110.85

1973 33.8 3.47 117.29

1974 33.6 3.75 126.00

1975 33.5 4.02 134.67

1976 33.3 4.31 143.52

1977 33.0 4.65 153.45

1978 32.8 4.99 163.67

1979 32.7 5.36 175.27

1980 32.6 5.85 190.71

1981 32.6 6.41 208.97

1982 32.6 6.92 225.59

1983 32.7 7.31 239.04

1984 32.6 7.59 247.43

1985 32.5 7.90 256.75

1986 32.5 8.18 265.85

1987 32.5 8.49 275.93

1988 32.6 8.88 289.49

1989 32.6 9.38 305.79

1990 32.5 9.83 319.48

1991 32.4 10.23 331.45

1992 32.5 10.54 342.55

1993 32.5 10.78 350.35

1994 32.5 11.04 358.80

1995 32.4 11.39 369.04

1996 32.4 11.79 382.00

1997 32.6 12.28 400.33

1998 32.6 12.84 418.58

1999 32.6 13.36 435.54

2000 32.7 13.88 453.88

Monthly data, not seasonally adjusted

2000:

April 32.8 $13.83 $453.62

May 32.4 13.76 445.82

June 32.7 13.68 447.34

July 33.0 13.74 453.42

August 32.9 13.70 450.73

September 32.5 13.96 453.70

October 32.8 14.07 461.50

November 32.6 14.17 461.94

December 32.5 14.29 464.43

2001:

January 32.3 14.35 463.51

February 32.6 14.43 470.42

March(p) 32.5 14.44 469.30

April(p) 32.7 14.57 476.44

(1) Data relate to production workers in mining and manufacturing;

construction workers in construction; and nonsupervisory workers in

transportation and public utilities; wholesale and retail trade;

finance, insurance, and real estate; and services.

(p) = preliminary.

NOTE: Establishment survey estimates are currently projected

from March 1999 benchmark levels. When more recent benchmark

data are introduced, all unadjusted data from April 1999 forward

are subject to revision.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA EMPLOYMENT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

B-3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by major industry and

selected component groups, seasonally adjusted

(In thousands)

2000

Industry Apr. May June

Total 131,419 131,590 131,647

Total private 110,752 110,578 110,845

Goods-producing 25,725 25,684 25,700

Mining 539 539 539

Metal mining 45 44 44

Coal mining 80 80 79

Oil and gas extraction 303 305 306

Nonmetallic minerals,

except fuels 111 110 110

Construction 6,694 6,666 6,668

General building

contractors 1,497 1,497 1,498

Heavy construction, except

building 899 888 877

Special trade contractors 4,298 4,281 4,293

Manufacturing 18,492 18,479 18,493

Durable goods 11,104 11,106 11,120

Lumber and wood products 830 828 827

Furniture and fixtures 557 558 558

Stone, clay, and glass

products 567 566 568

Primary metal industries 699 699 699

Fabricated metal products 1,534 1,535 1,540

Industrial machinery and

equipment 2,126 2,125 2,130

Computer and office

equipment 364 360 360

Electronic and other

electrical equipment 1,691 1,693 1,697

Electronic components

and accessories 651 654 661

Transportation equipment 1,859 1,863 1,864

Motor vehicles and

equipment 1,026 1,026 1,030

Aircraft and parts 461 463 460

Instruments and related

products 844 845 844

Miscellaneous

manufacturing 397 394 393

Nondurable goods 7,388 7,373 7,373

Food and kindred products 1,678 1,675 1,679

Tobacco products 37 37 37

Textile mill products 548 545 542

Apparel and other textile

products 665 660 652

Paper and allied products 662 661 663

Printing and publishing 1,554 1,552 1,558

Chemicals and allied

products 1,030 1,028 1,028

Petroleum and coal

products 132 132 132

Rubber and misc. plastics

products 1,007 1,008 1,008

Leather and leather

products 75 75 74

Service-producing 105,694 105,906 105,947

Transportation and public

utilities 6,970 6,962 6,985

Transportation 4,509 4,501 4,510

Railroad transportation 221 219 217

Local and interurban

passenger transit 498 498 493

Trucking and warehousing 1,839 1,834 1,834

Water transportation 200 200 202

Transportation by air 1,270 1,269 1,279

Pipelines, except

natural gas 12 12 12

Transportation services 469 469 473

Communications and public

utilities 2,461 2,461 2,475

Communications 1,604 1,606 1,619

Electric, gas, and

sanitary services 857 855 856

Wholesale trade 7,055 7,048 7,049

Durable goods 4,201 4,199 4,195

Nondurable goods 2,854 2,849 2,854

Retail trade 23,197 23,064 23,122

Building materials and

garden supplies 1,032 1,025 1,018

General merchandise stores 2,791 2,744 2,741

Department stores 2,443 2,388 2,386

Food stores 3,522 3,516 3,515

Automotive dealers and

service stations 2,410 2,408 2,412

New and used car dealers 1,106 1,107 1,110

Apparel and accessory

stores 1,195 1,195 1,197

Furniture and home

furnishings stores 1,113 1,113 1,118

Eating and drinking places 8,097 8,028 8,071

Miscellaneous retail

establishments 3,037 3,035 3,050

Finance, insurance, and real

estate 7,610 7,600 7,588

Finance 3,709 3,703 3,705

Depository institutions 2,052 2,044 2,042

Commercial banks 1,464 1,456 1,454

Savings institutions 243 243 242

Nondepository 686 684 682

institutions

Mortgage bankers and

brokers 323 322 321

Security and commodity

brokers 732 736 741

Holding and other

investment offices 239 239 240

Insurance 2,365 2,361 2,359

Insurance carriers 1,597 1,594 1,593

Insurance agents,

brokers, and service 768 767 766

Real estate 1,536 1,536 1,524

Services(1) 40,195 40,220 40,401

Agricultrual services 801 790 788

Hotels and other lodging

places 1,902 1,904 1,922

Personal services 1,272 1,262 1,271

Business services 9,735 9,715 9,773

Services to buildings 1,001 996 997

Personnel supply services 3,885 3,855 3,873

Help supply services 3,485 3,440 3,444

Computer and data

processing services 1,927 1,929 1,933

Auto repair, services, and

parking 1,195 1,192 1,191

Miscellaneous repair

services 383 383 384

Motion pictures 634 632 635

Amusement and recreation

services 1,752 1,755 1,789

Health services 10,093 10,104 10,116

Offices and clinics of

medical doctors 1,925 1,928 1,928

Nursing and personal care

facilities 1,789 1,788 1,786

Hospitals 3,999 4,005 4,008

Home health care services 641 641 642

Legal services 1,004 1,006 1,009

Educational services 2,329 2,356 2,374

Social services 2,940 2,946 2,945

Child day care services 753 758 760

Residential care 812 816 820

Museums and botanical and

zoological gardens 102 101 103

Membership organizations 2,439 2,438 2,441

Engineering and management

services 3,368 3,390 3,415

Engineering and

architectural services 987 995 1,005

Management and public

relations 1,088 1,096 1,110

Government 20,667 21,012 20,802

Federal 2,885 3,238 3,092

Federal, except Postal 2,022 2,374 2,230

Service

State 4,744 4,737 4,716

Education 1,990 1,983 1,967

Other State government 2,754 2,754 2,749

Local 13,038 13,037 12,994

Education 7,408 7,395 7,361

Other local government 5,630 5,642 5,633

2000

Industry July Aug. Sept.

Total 131,607 131,528 131,723

Total private 111,001 111,018 111,232

Goods-producing 25,756 25,644 25,639

Mining 538 537 539

Metal mining 43 44 44

Coal mining 79 80 80

Oil and gas extraction 306 304 307

Nonmetallic minerals,

except fuels 110 109 108

Construction 6,670 6,675 6,720

General building

contractors 1,498 1,505 1,510

Heavy construction, except

building 881 882 885

Special trade contractors 4,291 4,288 4,325

Manufacturing 18,548 18,432 18,380

Durable goods 11,161 11,087 11,052

Lumber and wood products 825 818 816

Furniture and fixtures 564 555 556

Stone, clay, and glass

products 571 566 565

Primary metal industries 698 695 691

Fabricated metal products 1,539 1,539 1,534

Industrial machinery and

equipment 2,137 2,133 2,121

Computer and office

equipment 361 363 361

Electronic and other

electrical equipment 1,719 1,718 1,714

Electronic components

and accessories 670 675 681

Transportation equipment 1,863 1,818 1,813

Motor vehicles and

equipment 1,029 993 993

Aircraft and parts 460 456 457

Instruments and related

products 849 849 847

Miscellaneous

manufacturing 396 396 395

Nondurable goods 7,387 7,345 7,328

Food and kindred products 1,680 1,670 1,661

Tobacco products 37 34 37

Textile mill products 544 542 539

Apparel and other textile

products 656 644 639

Paper and allied products 662 660 660

Printing and publishing 1,561 1,560 1,560

Chemicals and allied

products 1,026 1,024 1,024

Petroleum and coal

products 131 132 132

Rubber and misc. plastics

products 1,014 1,005 1,002

Leather and leather

products 76 74 74

Service-producing 105,851 105,884 106,084

Transportation and public

utilities 7,010 6,941 7,037

Transportation 4,536 4,549 4,549

Railroad transportation 219 221 219

Local and interurban

passenger transit 502 503 500

Trucking and warehousing 1,846 1,845 1,845

Water transportation 199 204 206

Transportation by air 1,282 1,288 1,291

Pipelines, except

natural gas 13 12 12

Transportation services 475 476 476

Communications and public

utilities 2,474 2,392 2,488

Communications 1,618 1,537 1,632

Electric, gas, and

sanitary services 856 855 856

Wholesale trade 7,050 7,062 7,070

Durable goods 4,205 4,202 4,205

Nondurable goods 2,845 2,860 2,865

Retail trade 23,196 23,191 23,179

Building materials and

garden supplies 1,018 1,021 1,019

General merchandise stores 2,727 2,740 2,739

Department stores 2,373 2,393 2,389

Food stores 3,519 3,522 3,522

Automotive dealers and

service stations 2,411 2,418 2,424

New and used car dealers 1,111 1,115 1,118

Apparel and accessory

stores 1,206 1,202 1,209

Furniture and home

furnishings stores 1,119 1,121 1,122

Eating and drinking places 8,132 8,099 8,076

Miscellaneous retail

establishments 3,064 3,068 3,068

Finance, insurance, and real

estate 7,586 7,608 7,622

Finance 3,708 3,717 3,729

Depository institutions 2,036 2,037 2,038

Commercial banks 1,449 1,450 1,450

Savings institutions 240 240 239

Nondepository 683 683 687

institutions

Mortgage bankers and

brokers 321 319 322

Security and commodity

brokers 748 753 759

Holding and other

investment offices 241 244 245

Insurance 2,354 2,358 2,353

Insurance carriers 1,585 1,587 1,582

Insurance agents,

brokers, and service 769 771 771

Real estate 1,524 1,533 1,540

Services(1) 40,403 40,572 40,685

Agricultrual services 794 799 801

Hotels and other lodging

places 1,925 1,921 1,923

Personal services 1,273 1,285 1,285

Business services 9,768 9,800 9,853

Services to buildings 1,002 1,000 1,001

Personnel supply services 3,851 3,865 3,891

Help supply services 3,433 3,436 3,463

Computer and data

processing services 1,950 1,951 1,955

Auto repair, services, and

parking 1,194 1,198 1,200

Miscellaneous repair

services 384 384 385

Motion pictures 634 636 631

Amusement and recreation

services 1,795 1,808 1,785

Health services 10,143 10,161 10,178

Offices and clinics of

medical doctors 1,930 1,935 1,945

Nursing and personal care

facilities 1,787 1,793 1,791

Hospitals 4,018 4,021 4,029

Home health care services 645 646 645

Legal services 1,012 1,014 1,014

Educational services 2,374 2,395 2,388

Social services 2,919 2,955 3,001

Child day care services 768 774 779

Residential care 826 827 833

Museums and botanical and

zoological gardens 103 103 103

Membership organizations 2,429 2,433 2,445

Engineering and management

services 3,411 3,435 3,449

Engineering and

architectural services 1,007 1,010 1,012

Management and public

relations 1,107 1,118 1,123

Government 20,606 20,510 20,491

Federal 2,819 2,657 2,627

Federal, except Postal 1,954 1,790 1,764

Service

State 4,744 4,765 4,776

Education 1,994 2,002 2,009

Other State government 2,750 2,763 2,767

Local 13,043 13,088 13,088

Education 7,394 7,411 7,396

Other local government 5,649 5,677 5,692

2000

Industry Oct. Nov. Dec.

Total 131,789 131,842 131,878

Total private 111,325 111,437 111,443

Goods-producing 25,665 25,635 25,569

Mining 542 541 540

Metal mining 44 43 44

Coal mining 80 78 78

Oil and gas extraction 309 311 311

Nonmetallic minerals,

except fuels 109 109 107

Construction 6,745 6,734 6,717

General building

contractors 1,517 1,523 1,527

Heavy construction, except

building 892 882 867

Special trade contractors 4,336 4,329 4,323

Manufacturing 18,378 18,360 18,312

Durable goods 11,052 11,058 11,037

Lumber and wood products 812 807 802

Furniture and fixtures 555 554 552

Stone, clay, and glass

products 564 563 561

Primary metal industries 691 690 683

Fabricated metal products 1,533 1,535 1,530

Industrial machinery and

equipment 2,124 2,127 2,124

Computer and office

equipment 361 361 362

Electronic and other

electrical equipment 1,719 1,724 1,728

Electronic components

and accessories 687 694 696

Transportation equipment 1,812 1,814 1,813

Motor vehicles and

equipment 991 989 988

Aircraft and parts 456 455 456

Instruments and related

products 847 850 851

Miscellaneous

manufacturing 395 394 393

Nondurable goods 7,326 7,302 7,275

Food and kindred products 1,673 1,667 1,666

Tobacco products 37 37 37

Textile mill products 536 530 525

Apparel and other textile

products 633 630 625

Paper and allied products 660 657 656

Printing and publishing 1,559 1,557 1,554

Chemicals and allied

products 1,023 1,024 1,022

Petroleum and coal

products 131 130 128

Rubber and misc. plastics

products 1,001 998 991

Leather and leather

products 73 72 71

Service-producing 106,124 106,207 106,309

Transportation and public

utilities 7,046 7,060 7,086

Transportation 4,549 4,563 4,581

Railroad transportation 219 220 217

Local and interurban

passenger transit 498 500 500

Trucking and warehousing 1,843 1,839 1,847

Water transportation 206 206 206

Transportation by air 1,297 1,310 1,321

Pipelines, except

natural gas 12 13 12

Transportation services 474 475 478

Communications and public

utilities 2,497 2,497 2,505

Communications 1,641 1,644 1,653

Electric, gas, and

sanitary services 856 853 852

Wholesale trade 7,087 7,093 7,085

Durable goods 4,207 4,206 4,201

Nondurable goods 2,880 2,887 2,884

Retail trade 23,193 23,238 23,245

Building materials and

garden supplies 1,022 1,020 1,019

General merchandise stores 2,740 2,770 2,742

Department stores 2,389 2,419 2,411

Food stores 3,519 3,516 3,523

Automotive dealers and

service stations 2,431 2,430 2,428

New and used car dealers 1,120 1,120 1,121

Apparel and accessory

stores 1,205 1,211 1,217

Furniture and home

furnishings stores 1,128 1,130 1,137

Eating and drinking places 8,073 8,097 8,111

Miscellaneous retail

establishments 3,075 3,064 3,068

Finance, insurance, and real

estate 7,638 7,647 7,661

Finance 3,737 3,739 3,747

Depository institutions 2,034 2,033 2,035

Commercial banks 1,446 1,445 1,445

Savings institutions 238 237 237

Nondepository 689 690 689

institutions

Mortgage bankers and

brokers 324 323 321

Security and commodity

brokers 766 768 773

Holding and other

investment offices 248 248 250

Insurance 2,355 2,362 2,362

Insurance carriers 1,581 1,587 1,585

Insurance agents,

brokers, and service 774 775 777

Real estate 1,546 1,546 1,552

Services(1) 40,696 40,764 40,797

Agricultrual services 806 810 810

Hotels and other lodging

places 1,924 1,939 1,948

Personal services 1,285 1,288 1,292

Business services 9,829 9,823 9,751

Services to buildings 1,000 1,004 1,009

Personnel supply services 3,861 3,845 3,744

Help supply services 3,432 3,413 3,338

Computer and data

processing services 1,966 1,982 1,996

Auto repair, services, and

parking 1,206 1,206 1,215

Miscellaneous repair

services 386 386 383

Motion pictures 630 631 639

Amusement and recreation

services 1,791 1,793 1,787

Health services 10,191 10,208 10,229

Offices and clinics of

medical doctors 1,950 1,953 1,960

Nursing and personal care

facilities 1,793 1,793 1,796

Hospitals 4,032 4,045 4,053

Home health care services 645 644 642

Legal services 1,016 1,014 1,015

Educational services 2,357 2,365 2,389

Social services 3,019 3,032 3,054

Child day care services 784 787 792

Residential care 838 840 845

Museums and botanical and

zoological gardens 103 104 104

Membership organizations 2,446 2,450 2,450

Engineering and management

services 3,463 3,471 3,486

Engineering and

architectural services 1,015 1,015 1,021

Management and public

relations 1,129 1,137 1,139

Government 20,464 20,405 20,435

Federal 2,625 2,615 2,566

Federal, except Postal 1,762 1,760 1,753

Service

State 4,755 4,748 4,769

Education 1,988 1,977 1,990

Other State government 2,767 2,771 2,779

Local 13,084 13,042 13,100

Education 7,391 7,377 7,387

Other local government 5,693 5,665 5,713

2001

Industry Jan. Feb. Mar.(p) Apr.(p)

Total 132,167 132,303 132,250 132,027

Total private 111,657 111,714 111,650 111,389

Goods-producing 25,641 25,563 25,500 25,336

Mining 547 551 553 557

Metal mining 43 43 42 42

Coal mining 79 79 79 80

Oil and gas extraction 317 321 324 328

Nonmetallic minerals,

except fuels 108 108 108 107

Construction 6,874 6,888 6,904 6,840

General building

contractors 1,545 1,547 1,544 1,533

Heavy construction, except

building 902 911 925 903

Special trade contractors 4,427 4,430 4,435 4,404

Manufacturing 18,220 18,124 18,043 17,939

Durable goods 10,952 10,903 10,841 10,768

Lumber and wood products 796 793 787 786

Furniture and fixtures 547 541 537 534

Stone, clay, and glass

products 567 562 560 558

Primary metal industries 676 671 665 661

Fabricated metal products 1,517 1,505 1,495 1,482

Industrial machinery and

equipment 2,118 2,106 2,091 2,075

Computer and office

equipment 363 360 360 358

Electronic and other

electrical equipment 1,725 1,714 1,706 1,675

Electronic components

and accessories 697 694 689 668

Transportation equipment 1,760 1,769 1,761 1,762

Motor vehicles and

equipment 942 951 942 941

Aircraft and parts 452 454 457 458

Instruments and related

products 855 854 852 851

Miscellaneous

manufacturing 391 388 387 384

Nondurable goods 7,268 7,221 7,202 7,171

Food and kindred products 1,671 1,670 1,668 1,669

Tobacco products 36 35 36 37

Textile mill products 521 514 511 506

Apparel and other textile

products 626 614 612 603

Paper and allied products 654 649 647 645

Printing and publishing 1,555 1,549 1,546 1,539

Chemicals and allied

products 1,022 1,016 1,016 1,013

Petroleum and coal

products 127 128 127 127

Rubber and misc. plastics

products 986 977 970 965

Leather and leather

products 70 69 69 67

Service-producing 106,526 106,740 106,750 106,691

Transportation and public

utilities 7,077 7,096 7,098 7,096

Transportation 4,572 4,584 4,589 4,584

Railroad transportation 214 217 216 216

Local and interurban

passenger transit 500 502 505 502

Trucking and warehousing 1,852 1,853 1,856 1,854

Water transportation 205 205 206 207

Transportation by air 1,312 1,318 1,316 1,314

Pipelines, except

natural gas 12 12 12 13

Transportation services 477 477 478 478

Communications and public

utilities 2,505 2,512 2,509 2,512

Communications 1,651 1,658 1,659 1,661

Electric, gas, and

sanitary services 854 854 850 851

Wholesale trade 7,074 7,072 7,070 7,066

Durable goods 4,192 4,193 4,188 4,189

Nondurable goods 2,882 2,879 2,882 2,877

Retail trade 23,272 23,355 23,309 23,331

Building materials and

garden supplies 1,015 1,015 1,013 1,004

General merchandise stores 2,702 2,730 2,721 2,703

Department stores 2,364 2,389 2,369 2,355

Food stores 3,533 3,547 3,543 3,556

Automotive dealers and

service stations 2,426 2,427 2,421 2,426

New and used car dealers 1,122 1,122 1,121 1,121

Apparel and accessory

stores 1,224 1,231 1,231 1,224

Furniture and home

furnishings stores 1,136 1,134 1,134 1,129

Eating and drinking places 8,132 8,153 8,123 8,164

Miscellaneous retail

establishments 3,104 3,118 3,123 3,125

Finance, insurance, and real

estate 7,676 7,690 7,708 7,716

Finance 3,748 3,755 3,767 3,769

Depository institutions 2,033 2,033 2,036 2,041

Commercial banks 1,441 1,441 1,443 1,447

Savings institutions 237 236 236 236

Nondepository 691 698 703 705

institutions

Mortgage bankers and

brokers 323 327 331 332

Security and commodity

brokers 775 777 778 775

Holding and other

investment offices 249 247 250 248

Insurance 2,369 2,376 2,378 2,386

Insurance carriers 1,591 1,597 1,597 1,603

Insurance agents,

brokers, and service 778 779 781 783

Real estate 1,559 1,559 1,563 1,561

Services(1) 40,917 40,938 40,965 40,844

Agricultrual services 826 824 826 827

Hotels and other lodging

places 1,949 1,951 1,955 1,942

Personal services 1,285 1,285 1,293 1,289

Business services 9,775 9,744 9,672 9,561

Services to buildings 1,016 1,017 1,012 1,007

Personnel supply services 3,722 3,689 3,617 3,510

Help supply services 3,302 3,278 3,201 3,093

Computer and data

processing services 1,999 2,009 2,018 2,025

Auto repair, services, and

parking 1,228 1,224 1,230 1,231

Miscellaneous repair

services 384 383 382 384

Motion pictures 640 637 642 651

Amusement and recreation

services 1,809 1,803 1,811 1,781

Health services 10,260 10,287 10,314 10,328

Offices and clinics of

medical doctors 1,966 1,971 1,975 1,980

Nursing and personal care

facilities 1,801 1,802 1,808 1,812

Hospitals 4,063 4,076 4,087 4,094

Home health care services 644 644 647 645

Legal services 1,018 1,021 1,023 1,024

Educational services 2,388 2,407 2,425 2,424

Social services 3,062 3,076 3,087 3,101

Child day care services 795 800 805 810

Residential care 848 851 851 855

Museums and botanical and

zoological gardens 104 105 105 105

Membership organizations 2,450 2,448 2,452 2,446

Engineering and management

services 3,494 3,498 3,502 3,505

Engineering and

architectural services 1,030 1,032 1,031 1,029

Management and public

relations 1,142 1,144 1,145 1,145

Government 20,510 20,589 20,600 20,638

Federal 2,616 2,619 2,615 2,614

Federal, except Postal 1,755 1,755 1,754 1,753

Service

State 4,759 4,794 4,800 4,807

Education 1,982 2,009 2,013 2,019

Other State government 2,777 2,785 2,787 2,788

Local 13,135 13,176 13,185 13,217

Education 7,406 7,432 7,436 7,452

Other local government 5,729 5,744 5,749 5,765

(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.

(p) = preliminary.

NOTE: Establishment survey estimates are currently projected from

March 1999 benchmark levels. When more recent benchmark data are

introduced, all seasonally adjusted data from January 1996 forward

are subject to revision.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA WOMEN EMPLOYEES SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

B-4. Women employees on nonfarm payrolls by major industry and

manufacturing group, seasonally adjusted

(In thousands)

2000

Industry Feb. Mar. Apr.

Total 63,137 63,315 63,616

Total private 51,644 51,740 51,967

Goods-producing 6,682 6,670 6,685

Mining 74 74 74

Construction 737 737 740

Manufacturing 5,871 5,859 5,871

Durable goods 2,969 2,964 2,970

Lumber and wood products 151 151 151

Furniture and fixtures 178 179 178

Stone, clay, and glass

products 101 101 101

Primary metal industries 102 102 102

Fabricated metal products 345 346 347

Industrial machinery and

equipment 473 471 472

Electronic and other

electrical equipment 683 682 687

Transportation equipment 411 408 408

Instruments and related

products (1) (1) (1)

Miscellaneous manufacturing 173 172 173

Nondurable goods 2,902 2,895 2,901

Food and kindred products 553 552 559

Tobacco products 12 11 12

Textile mill products 254 254 253

Apparel and other textile

products 472 472 471

Paper and allied products 165 164 165

Printing and publishing 700 700 700

Chemicals and allied

products 339 338 337

Petroleum and coal products 24 23 24

Rubber and misc. plastics

products 344 343 342

Leather and leather

products 39 38 38

Service-producing 56,455 56,645 56,931

Transportation and public

utilities 2,147 2,151 2,154

Wholesale trade 2,172 2,180 2,189

Retail trade 12,034 12,045 12,159

Finance, insurance, and real

estate 4,761 4,761 4,759

Services 23,848 23,933 24,021

Government 11,493 11,575 11,649

Federal 1,161 1,219 1,257

State 2,443 2,447 2,452

Local 7,889 7,909 7,940

2000

Industry May June July

Total 63,737 63,772 63,738

Total private 51,919 52,053 52,179

Goods-producing 6,685 6,681 6,713

Mining 73 74 73

Construction 746 749 749

Manufacturing 5,866 5,858 5,891

Durable goods 2,971 2,972 2,993

Lumber and wood products 150 150 150

Furniture and fixtures 179 180 181

Stone, clay, and glass

products 101 101 104

Primary metal industries 102 101 102

Fabricated metal products 347 348 347

Industrial machinery and

equipment 474 475 478

Electronic and other

electrical equipment 686 686 695

Transportation equipment 409 410 409

Instruments and related

products (1) (1) (1)

Miscellaneous manufacturing 171 170 173

Nondurable goods 2,895 2,886 2,898

Food and kindred products 558 556 558

Tobacco products 12 12 12

Textile mill products 252 251 251

Apparel and other textile

products 467 459 464

Paper and allied products 165 165 166

Printing and publishing 702 705 706

Chemicals and allied

products 335 334 333

Petroleum and coal products 24 24 24

Rubber and misc. plastics

products 342 343 346

Leather and leather

products 38 37 38

Service-producing 57,052 57,091 57,025

Transportation and public

utilities 2,150 2,157 2,166

Wholesale trade 2,200 2,206 2,203

Retail trade 12,106 12,135 12,176

Finance, insurance, and real

estate 4,752 4,746 4,748

Services 24,026 24,128 24,173

Government 11,818 11,719 11,559

Federal 1,429 1,360 1,227

State 2,447 2,443 2,452

Local 7,942 7,916 7,880

2000

Industry Aug. Sept. Oct.

Total 63,748 63,894 63,903

Total private 52,201 52,325 52,363

Goods-producing 6,668 6,658 6,659

Mining 73 74 73

Construction 750 753 756

Manufacturing 5,845 5,831 5,830

Durable goods 2,977 2,971 2,973

Lumber and wood products 149 148 148

Furniture and fixtures 180 180 180

Stone, clay, and glass

products 102 101 101

Primary metal industries 101 101 102

Fabricated metal products 345 344 343

Industrial machinery and

equipment 477 477 478

Electronic and other

electrical equipment 696 694 695

Transportation equipment 402 402 402

Instruments and related

products (1) (1) (1)

Miscellaneous manufacturing 171 171 171

Nondurable goods 2,868 2,860 2,857

Food and kindred products 552 547 551

Tobacco products 11 12 12

Textile mill products 248 247 245

Apparel and other textile

products 452 449 445

Paper and allied products 165 165 165

Printing and publishing 707 707 707

Chemicals and allied

products 331 332 332

Petroleum and coal products 24 25 25

Rubber and misc. plastics

products 341 339 338

Leather and leather

products 37 37 37

Service-producing 57,080 57,236 57,244

Transportation and public

utilities 2,128 2,183 2,181

Wholesale trade 2,197 2,193 2,197

Retail trade 12,172 12,162 12,164

Finance, insurance, and real

estate 4,757 4,766 4,778

Services 24,279 24,363 24,384

Government 11,547 11,569 11,540

Federal 1,149 1,135 1,137

State 2,462 2,467 2,451

Local 7,936 7,967 7,952

2000 2001

Industry Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb.

Total 63,973 63,948 64,075 64,187

Total private 52,444 52,475 52,538 52,565

Goods-producing 6,650 6,639 6,616 6,579

Mining 73 73 73 73

Construction 759 759 763 771

Manufacturing 5,818 5,807 5,780 5,735

Durable goods 2,969 2,968 2,945 2,922

Lumber and wood products 147 146 145 145

Furniture and fixtures 179 179 177 175

Stone, clay, and glass

products 101 102 102 100

Primary metal industries 102 101 101 99

Fabricated metal products 344 343 341 337

Industrial machinery and

equipment 477 477 474 471

Electronic and other

electrical equipment 694 694 689 684

Transportation equipment 401 401 390 388

Instruments and related

products (1) (1) (1) (1)

Miscellaneous manufacturing 169 169 168 167

Nondurable goods 2,849 2,839 2,835 2,813

Food and kindred products 552 550 551 552

Tobacco products 12 12 12 12

Textile mill products 243 241 238 234

Apparel and other textile

products 443 441 442 433

Paper and allied products 163 163 163 161

Printing and publishing 706 704 705 701

Chemicals and allied

products 333 333 334 332

Petroleum and coal products 24 25 24 25

Rubber and misc. plastics

products 337 335 331 329

Leather and leather

products 36 35 35 34

Service-producing 57,323 57,309 57,459 57,608

Transportation and public

utilities 2,184 2,185 2,193 2,190

Wholesale trade 2,205 2,205 2,212 2,214

Retail trade 12,190 12,183 12,216 12,264

Finance, insurance, and real

estate 4,786 4,796 4,805 4,817

Services 24,429 24,467 24,496 24,501

Government 11,529 11,473 11,537 11,622

Federal 1,131 1,032 1,060 1,112

State 2,446 2,459 2,461 2,473

Local 7,952 7,982 8,016 8,037

(1) This series is not published seasonally adjusted because the

seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and

irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.

NOTE: Establishment survey estimates are currently projected from

March 1999 benchmark levels. When more recent benchmark data are

introduced, all seasonally adjusted data from January 1996 forward

are subject to revision.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA EMPLOYMENT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

B-5. Production or nonsupervisory workers1 on private nonfarm

payrolls by major industry and manufacturing group, seasonally

adjusted

(In thousands)

2000

Industry Apr. May June

Total private 90,799 90,624 90,835

Goods-producing 18,272 18,243 18,247

Mining 404 403 403

Construction 5,179 5,158 5,161

Manufacturing 12,689 12,682 12,683

Durable goods 7,584 7,584 7,593

Lumber and wood products 679 679 676

Furniture and fixtures 443 445 445

Stone, clay, and glass

products 441 441 440

Primary metal industries 548 548 547

Fabricated metal

products 1,152 1,154 1,158

Industrial machinery and

equipment 1,342 1,343 1,349

Electronic and other

electrical equipment 1,048 1,047 1,051

Transportation equipment 1,236 1,236 1,236

Motor vehicles and

equipment 782 780 783

Instruments and related

products (2) (2) (2)

Miscellaneous

manufacturing 275 271 270

Nondurable goods 5,105 5,098 5,090

Food and kindred

products 1,254 1,253 1,254

Tobacco products 25 25 25

Textile mill products 463 461 460

Apparel and other

textile products 531 525 517

Paper and allied

products 502 502 504

Printing and publishing 829 830 830

Chemicals and allied

products 586 585 582

Petroleum and coal

products 77 77 76

Rubber and misc.

plastics products 783 785 787

Leather and leather

products 55 55 55

Service-producing 72,527 72,381 72,588

Transportation and public

utilities 5,801 5,795 5,808

Wholesale trade 5,623 5,625 5,622

Retail trade 20,441 20,309 20,354

Finance, insurance, and real

estate 5,555 5,549 5,545

Services 35,107 35,103 35,259

2000

Industry July Aug. Sept.

Total private 91,024 91,012 91,207

Goods-producing 18,302 18,179 18,184

Mining 402 399 399

Construction 5,159 5,150 5,200

Manufacturing 12,741 12,630 12,585

Durable goods 7,629 7,567 7,541

Lumber and wood products 675 669 666

Furniture and fixtures 449 442 441

Stone, clay, and glass

products 444 440 439

Primary metal industries 547 546 542

Fabricated metal

products 1,165 1,158 1,153

Industrial machinery and

equipment 1,356 1,354 1,343

Electronic and other

electrical equipment 1,063 1,064 1,060

Transportation equipment 1,237 1,202 1,207

Motor vehicles and

equipment 781 751 758

Instruments and related

products (2) (2) (2)

Miscellaneous

manufacturing 270 270 270

Nondurable goods 5,112 5,063 5,044

Food and kindred

products 1,261 1,244 1,238

Tobacco products 25 22 25

Textile mill products 461 458 455

Apparel and other

textile products 523 512 508

Paper and allied

products 502 501 501

Printing and publishing 834 834 834

Chemicals and allied

products 582 579 577

Petroleum and coal

products 76 75 73

Rubber and misc.

plastics products 792 783 779

Leather and leather

products 56 55 54

Service-producing 72,722 72,833 73,023

Transportation and public

utilities 5,842 5,782 5,880

Wholesale trade 5,619 5,631 5,635

Retail trade 20,413 20,398 20,379

Finance, insurance, and real

estate 5,552 5,567 5,582

Services 35,296 35,455 35,547

2000

Industry Oct. Nov. Dec.

Total private 91,286 91,381 91,352

Goods-producing 18,206 18,152 18,087

Mining 401 399 398

Construction 5,222 5,189 5,174

Manufacturing 12,583 12,564 12,515

Durable goods 7,542 7,546 7,520

Lumber and wood products 663 658 654

Furniture and fixtures 439 438 435

Stone, clay, and glass

products 439 437 431

Primary metal industries 542 541 535

Fabricated metal

products 1,153 1,155 1,150

Industrial machinery and

equipment 1,347 1,348 1,351

Electronic and other

electrical equipment 1,060 1,066 1,070

Transportation equipment 1,212 1,213 1,204

Motor vehicles and

equipment 758 753 746

Instruments and related

products (2) (2) (2)

Miscellaneous

manufacturing 269 269 268

Nondurable goods 5,041 5,018 4,995

Food and kindred

products 1,250 1,245 1,245

Tobacco products 25 25 25

Textile mill products 454 448 444

Apparel and other

textile products 503 500 496

Paper and allied

products 500 498 496

Printing and publishing 833 828 826

Chemicals and allied

products 575 576 574

Petroleum and coal

products 72 72 70

Rubber and misc.

plastics products 776 773 767

Leather and leather

products 53 53 52

Service-producing 73,080 73,229 73,265

Transportation and public

utilities 5,893 5,909 5,929

Wholesale trade 5,649 5,664 5,661

Retail trade 20,406 20,441 20,440

Finance, insurance, and real

estate 5,596 5,609 5,614

Services 35,536 35,606 35,621

2001

Industry Jan. Feb. Mar.(p) Apr.(p)

Total private 91,539 91,497 91,461 91,284

Goods-producing 18,181 18,078 18,052 17,909

Mining 402 403 407 408

Construction 5,337 5,308 5,345 5,278

Manufacturing 12,442 12,367 12,300 12,223

Durable goods 7,453 7,416 7,362 7,308

Lumber and wood products 649 645 640 639

Furniture and fixtures 432 427 424 422

Stone, clay, and glass

products 437 434 431 429

Primary metal industries 528 524 519 515

Fabricated metal

products 1,136 1,125 1,114 1,104

Industrial machinery and

equipment 1,346 1,346 1,334 1,317

Electronic and other

electrical equipment 1,063 1,053 1,048 1,030

Transportation equipment 1,174 1,178 1,171 1,175

Motor vehicles and

equipment 720 724 718 719

Instruments and related

products (2) (2) (2) (2)

Miscellaneous

manufacturing 266 263 262 258

Nondurable goods 4,989 4,951 4,938 4,915

Food and kindred

products 1,251 1,252 1,252 1,255

Tobacco products 24 23 24 25

Textile mill products 439 432 428 424

Apparel and other

textile products 499 488 485 477

Paper and allied

products 497 493 493 491

Printing and publishing 826 822 819 813

Chemicals and allied

products 572 567 567 565

Petroleum and coal

products 70 70 71 71

Rubber and misc.

plastics products 760 754 749 746

Leather and leather

products 51 50 50 48

Service-producing 73,358 73,419 73,409 73,375

Transportation and public

utilities 5,930 5,936 5,951 5,952

Wholesale trade 5,656 5,641 5,627 5,622

Retail trade 20,460 20,537 20,466 20,525

Finance, insurance, and real

estate 5,627 5,640 5,651 5,660

Services 35,685 35,665 35,714 35,616

(1) Data relate to production workers in mining and manufacturing;

construction workers in construction; and nonsupervisory workers in

transportation and public utilities; wholesale and retail trade;

finance, insurance, and real estate; and services.

(2) This series is not published seasonally adjusted because the

seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and

irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.

(p) = preliminary.

NOTE: Establishment survey estimates are currently projected from

March 1999 benchmark levels. When more recent benchmark data are

introduced, all seasonally adjusted data from January 1996 forward

are subject to revision.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA DIFFUSION INDEXES SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

B-6. Diffusion indexes of employment change, seasonally adjusted

(Percent)

Time span Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr.

Private nonfarm payrolls, 356

industries(1)

Over 1-month span:

1997 57.3 59.7 62.8 63.2

1998 63.2 56.6 60.5 58.7

1999 54.1 58.8 53.9 59.6

2000 60.8 54.1 60.7 56.5

2001 52.4 46.5 (p)46.9 (p)45.2

Over 3-month span:

1997 62.6 64.0 66.3 66.7

1998 64.3 66.6 63.2 66.3

1999 58.3 57.3 58.4 54.4

2000 61.0 62.6 61.9 57.4

2001 50.7 (p)46.1 (p)41.9

Over 6-month span:

1997 66.3 67.0 66.6 66.3

1998 69.8 67.4 65.2 61.8

1999 60.0 58.0 57.6 58.6

2000 65.6 60.8 61.0 61.9

2001 (p)46.9

Over 12-month span:

1997 69.0 67.3 68.3 69.7

1998 69.7 67.3 67.3 65.9

1999 60.3 58.3 57.6 59.4

2000 64.9 63.8 60.8 59.8

2001

Manufacturing payrolls, 139

industries(1)

Over 1-month span:

1997 49.6 52.5 56.1 54.0

1998 57.9 50.7 53.6 50.7

1999 45.0 41.0 42.8 46.4

2000 52.2 47.8 51.1 51.1

2001 38.8 30.6 (p)31.3 (p)33.8

Over 3-month span:

1997 50.7 53.2 55.8 56.1

1998 56.8 56.8 52.2 52.2

1999 36.7 37.1 37.1 34.5

2000 47.8 52.5 49.3 48.9

2001 24.8 (p)20.1 (p)20.9

Over 6-month span:

1997 53.2 53.2 52.5 52.9

1998 60.1 54.3 50.4 39.9

1999 35.6 33.5 33.5 37.1

2000 51.4 47.5 50.4 53.6

2001 (p)20.5

Over 12-month span:

1997 54.7 52.5 54.0 54.0

1998 55.0 51.8 51.8 46.8

1999 37.4 32.4 31.7 35.3

2000 47.8 44.6 39.2 39.2

2001

Time span May June July Aug.

Private nonfarm payrolls,

356 industries(1)

Over 1-month span:

1997 57.7 57.7 61.2 60.1

1998 58.3 59.7 53.9 58.1

1999 52.8 57.9 58.8 53.8

2000 45.9 56.2 58.7 51.4

2001

Over 3-month span:

1997 63.2 62.1 61.5 66.2

1998 63.6 58.0 57.4 57.9

1999 57.3 58.8 58.1 60.7

2000 56.7 58.3 57.9 58.4

2001

Over 6-month span:

1997 65.6 67.1 66.3 68.5

1998 62.9 61.4 59.0 58.4

1999 54.4 59.7 60.4 62.1

2000 59.3 56.0 54.4 57.2

2001

Over 12-month span:

1997 69.5 70.1 70.1 70.4

1998 63.9 62.5 61.5 62.1

1999 59.6 60.5 61.9 61.0

2000 57.9 55.2 54.5 54.2

2001

Manufacturing payrolls,

139 industries(1)

Over 1-month span:

1997 51.4 54.3 50.7 53.6

1998 47.1 50.0 37.8 50.0

1999 40.3 46.4 54.7 38.1

2000 45.7 51.1 57.6 36.3

2001

Over 3-month span:

1997 53.2 52.5 52.5 55.8

1998 48.6 41.4 39.2 40.3

1999 37.8 43.5 39.9 45.0

2000 49.6 53.6 44.2 36.3

2001

Over 6-month span:

1997 51.8 53.2 54.7 61.2

1998 43.5 42.1 38.8 36.7

1999 32.7 38.8 41.0 45.7

2000 45.0 38.1 33.5 35.3

2001

Over 12-month span:

1997 55.4 56.8 57.2 57.9

1998 40.6 39.9 37.8 38.1

1999 36.0 37.1 38.8 39.6

2000 34.2 29.9 29.1 26.6

2001

Time span Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec.

Private nonfarm payrolls, 356

industries(1)

Over 1-month span:

1997 61.5 65.3 62.1 61.2

1998 56.2 53.8 59.0 57.4

1999 57.3 60.7 60.8 59.0

2000 53.7 55.2 50.6 53.4

2001

Over 3-month span:

1997 67.4 69.4 69.0 69.1

1998 59.7 58.1 58.6 59.4

1999 59.6 63.5 64.3 63.1

2000 50.8 52.1 52.9 52.1

2001

Over 6-month span:

1997 69.0 70.4 69.7 70.4

1998 57.4 59.7 59.3 59.1

1999 64.0 62.8 65.2 64.6

2000 54.5 51.5 50.6 (p)47.6

2001

Over 12-month span:

1997 70.5 70.1 69.4 70.4

1998 61.0 59.8 59.8 58.1

1999 62.6 62.9 62.5 63.2

2000 (p)50.3 (p)48.0

2001

Manufacturing payrolls, 139

industries(1)

Over 1-month span:

1997 56.5 61.9 60.4 55.4

1998 45.7 39.9 41.7 43.9

1999 46.4 51.8 51.4 50.4

2000 38.8 45.7 42.8 40.6

2001

Over 3-month span:

1997 59.7 66.5 64.7 64.0

1998 43.2 37.1 36.7 40.6

1999 42.1 50.4 51.1 50.7

2000 28.8 35.3 36.0 32.7

2001

Over 6-month span:

1997 61.2 64.4 64.7 63.7

1998 36.0 39.9 34.5 32.7

1999 48.2 43.2 48.6 51.1

2000 29.9 24.5 23.4 (p)20.5

2001

Over 12-month span:

1997 58.3 56.8 56.8 57.2

1998 37.1 36.0 34.2 33.5

1999 42.4 42.4 42.4 46.0

2000 (p)20.1 (p)17.6

2001

(1) Based on seasonally adjusted data for 1-, 3-, and 6-month spans

and unadjusted data for the 12-month span. Data are centered within

the span.

(p) = preliminary.

NOTE: Figures are the percent of industries with employment

increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged

employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between

industries with increasing and decreasing employment. Establishment

survey estimates are currently projected from March 1999 benchmark

levels. When more recent benchmark data are introduced, all

unadjusted data (beginning April 1999) and all seasonally adjusted

data (beginning January 1996) are subject to revision.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA STATE EMPLOYMENT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

B-7. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by State and major industry,

seasonally adjusted

(In thousands)

2000

State Mar. Apr. May June

Total(1)

Alabama 1,933.7 1,931.0 1,938.5 1,926.0

Alaska 282.2 282.4 283.5 282.4

Arizona 2,225.9 2,236.3 2,246.8 2,241.5

Arkansas 1,162.3 1,157.4 1,161.3 1,162.5

California 14,359.5 14,409.0 14,479.5 14,506.7

Colorado 2,189.0 2,200.4 2,209.1 2,210.7

Connecticut 1,688.1 1,690.2 1,695.2 1,696.4

Delaware 420.6 419.3 418.7 419.7

District of Columbia 642.6 648.0 645.9 647.0

Florida 7,002.7 7,032.3 7,071.2 7,071.0

Georgia 3,976.8 3,973.8 3,983.1 3,975.6

Hawaii 546.4 548.2 550.8 552.0

Idaho 553.5 558.1 561.3 559.1

Illinois 6,034.6 6,040.6 6,042.3 6,044.1

Indiana 3,013.0 3,010.0 3,011.0 3,014.9

Iowa 1,481.7 1,474.9 1,476.6 1,472.3

Kansas 1,339.0 1,346.1 1,349.5 1,348.8

Kentucky 1,830.4 1,819.4 1,821.5 1,818.3

Louisiana 1,922.4 1,927.2 1,936.3 1,927.5

Maine 601.7 602.6 604.0 603.6

Maryland 2,441.0 2,444.4 2,451.2 2,455.0

Massachusetts 3,294.1 3,308.1 3,312.9 3,320.1

Michigan 4,664.7 4,676.7 4,684.1 4,688.0

Minnesota 2,665.2 2,670.3 2,667.4 2,668.2

Mississippi 1,159.5 1,157.3 1,161.3 1,158.9

Missouri 2,753.4 2,751.3 2,751.7 2,757.1

Montana 389.8 387.8 389.4 387.6

Nebraska 909.6 907.5 908.9 912.2

Nevada 1,013.4 1,018.6 1,024.0 1,025.4

New Hampshire 618.2 620.5 621.5 621.7

New Jersey 3,978.3 3,990.9 3,998.8 3,999.0

New Mexico 741.4 742.5 744.4 741.7

New York 8,589.7 8,613.3 8,636.4 8,633.1

North Carolina 3,926.2 3,930.3 3,942.1 3,950.5

North Dakota 327.9 328.3 328.0 328.5

Ohio 5,634.9 5,638.1 5,641.2 5,639.2

Oklahoma 1,478.0 1,480.9 1,487.8 1,491.0

Oregon 1,596.3 1,599.5 1,607.1 1,605.9

Pennsylvania 5,677.4 5,682.9 5,693.9 5,690.9

Rhode Island 475.4 475.4 476.3 474.8

South Carolina 1,866.7 1,869.8 1,878.1 1,878.0

South Dakota 380.5 380.0 379.1 378.0

Tennessee 2,736.3 2,728.2 2,733.2 2,738.5

Texas 9,374.4 9,386.3 9,436.8 9,447.7

Utah 1,068.6 1,071.6 1,075.0 1,075.2

Vermont 298.4 296.3 298.2 298.5

Virginia 3,492.3 3,493.6 3,503.8 3,508.8

Washington 2,706.5 2,705.0 2,719.0 2,715.6

West Virginia 737.5 735.3 746.9 734.2

Wisconsin 2,834.3 2,838.3 2,834.1 2,838.7

Wyoming 240.5 239.8 238.6 237.6

2000

State July Aug. Sept. Oct.

Total(1)

Alabama 1,935.9 1,939.8 1,939.3 1,937.5

Alaska 285.1 285.1 285.2 284.0

Arizona 2,258.4 2,266.0 2,268.4 2,270.7

Arkansas 1,162.4 1,163.8 1,160.9 1,164.3

California 14,579.0 14,612.1 14,643.7 14,675.9

Colorado 2,229.2 2,235.7 2,239.8 2,242.8

Connecticut 1,699.4 1,696.4 1,696.0 1,696.3

Delaware 421.0 421.2 421.8 425.1

District of Columbia 648.6 655.0 649.8 646.0

Florida 7,083.0 7,098.3 7,119.5 7,148.7

Georgia 4,010.2 4,017.9 4,010.1 4,018.5

Hawaii 554.7 552.0 560.3 556.1

Idaho 563.3 565.3 566.3 566.3

Illinois 6,038.7 6,042.1 6,037.8 6,025.7

Indiana 3,016.9 3,015.0 3,010.2 3,010.4

Iowa 1,474.6 1,477.2 1,479.1 1,482.8

Kansas 1,343.8 1,345.3 1,341.2 1,347.7

Kentucky 1,826.5 1,825.8 1,824.6 1,826.1

Louisiana 1,936.0 1,935.2 1,936.3 1,940.1

Maine 608.4 605.3 603.4 603.9

Maryland 2,439.0 2,436.2 2,467.4 2,472.7

Massachusetts 3,331.1 3,319.6 3,338.0 3,342.4

Michigan 4,690.3 4,685.5 4,688.2 4,693.6

Minnesota 2,673.1 2,676.9 2,676.8 2,675.7

Mississippi 1,163.3 1,160.8 1,155.7 1,155.2

Missouri 2,757.9 2,767.3 2,768.5 2,760.6

Montana 391.0 391.3 391.1 390.2

Nebraska 915.4 914.9 910.8 909.3

Nevada 1,029.0 1,035.1 1,038.2 1,042.3

New Hampshire 622.6 622.9 624.0 621.8

New Jersey 3,999.7 3,998.5 4,008.3 4,015.1

New Mexico 743.9 746.4 747.1 747.2

New York 8,654.8 8,610.0 8,664.9 8,670.0

North Carolina 3,971.2 3,979.5 3,975.9 3,963.5

North Dakota 326.7 326.8 329.2 329.0

Ohio 5,649.4 5,645.5 5,650.3 5,656.7

Oklahoma 1,492.0 1,494.8 1,493.2 1,492.2

Oregon 1,614.5 1,610.8 1,609.1 16,124.0

Pennsylvania 5,718.0 5,704.5 5,719.1 5,724.7

Rhode Island 478.1 474.7 476.9 477.2

South Carolina 1,881.6 1,883.7 1,880.3 1,882.1

South Dakota 377.3 378.0 378.7 380.7

Tennessee 2,749.0 2,750.5 2,748.4 2,747.2

Texas 9,432.6 9,473.9 9,501.6 9,517.2

Utah 1,079.8 1,081.2 1,083.7 1,086.3

Vermont 298.4 298.3 299.0 299.2

Virginia 3,512.9 3,519.3 3,524.8 3,530.4

Washington 2,720.8 2,726.7 2,724.7 2,731.0

West Virginia 735.0 730.7 733.4 735.1

Wisconsin 2,841.2 2,843.8 2,837.0 2,838.8

Wyoming 239.6 239.7 237.8 239.3

2000 2001

State Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb.

Total(1)

Alabama 1,936.4 1,938.3 1,936.9 1,936.9

Alaska 284.4 284.7 286.2 288.0

Arizona 2,276.0 2,280.3 2,270.7 2,278.7

Arkansas 1,166.8 1,169.0 1,168.7 1,167.8

California 14,707.2 14,758.8 14,713.7 14,741.2

Colorado 2,244.7 2,247.1 2,253.0 2,256.1

Connecticut 1,695.9 1,697.5 1,699.8 1,700.7

Delaware 426.0 427.1 423.5 424.0

District of Columbia 647.5 648.9 651.9 648.0

Florida 7,164.4 7,186.5 7,208.6 7,223.6

Georgia 4,016.3 4,013.6 4,037.5 4,045.3

Hawaii 557.6 559.4 554.8 560.3

Idaho 566.9 568.1 562.2 563.2

Illinois 6,021.3 6,019.1 6,059.8 6,072.0

Indiana 3,013.3 3,008.9 2,997.4 2,996.6

Iowa 1,486.1 1,487.9 1,485.5 1,487.9

Kansas 1,353.3 1,353.7 1,354.9 1,352.8

Kentucky 1,830.6 1,834.1 1,840.8 1,843.3

Louisiana 1,941.8 1,944.1 1,953.2 1,957.2

Maine 610.5 610.3 611.8 612.8

Maryland 2,474.9 2,477.3 2,473.9 2,477.7

Massachusetts 3,348.7 3,357.3 3,361.9 3,355.9

Michigan 4,702.0 4,704.6 4,679.2 4,702.1

Minnesota 2,678.2 2,682.1 2,680.3 2,686.4

Mississippi 1,153.3 1,151.1 1,146.5 1,145.4

Missouri 2,764.3 2,761.3 2,770.2 2,764.5

Montana 391.1 391.9 391.8 393.7

Nebraska 911.5 911.5 916.5 913.9

Nevada 1,047.0 1,053.0 1,050.9 1,059.1

New Hampshire 624.5 624.9 627.2 625.5

New Jersey 4,022.0 4,031.1 4,029.1 4,033.8

New Mexico 747.6 748.4 746.2 749.0

New York 8,680.8 8,691.5 8,707.0 8,721.7

North Carolina 3,970.8 3,971.5 3,970.3 3,974.7

North Dakota 328.0 327.9 328.9 330.3

Ohio 5,659.7 5,663.4 5,655.2 5,659.2

Oklahoma 1,491.4 1,491.5 1,490.9 1,490.3

Oregon 1,615.3 1,612.6 1,604.2 1,609.6

Pennsylvania 5,728.2 5,734.7 5,744.3 5,737.1

Rhode Island 477.3 477.7 478.4 479.0

South Carolina 1,900.5 1,892.1 1,892.3 1,892.7

South Dakota 379.9 379.6 380.8 379.3

Tennessee 2,751.4 2,753.3 2,749.2 2,754.0

Texas 9,538.8 9,563.5 9,576.7 9,610.7

Utah 1,088.0 1,090.7 1,090.6 1,091.2

Vermont 299.8 300.6 299.6 301.2

Virginia 3,539.1 3,542.7 3,550.7 3,560.6

Washington 2,737.8 2,741.6 2,749.2 2,745.3

West Virginia 737.1 738.0 737.7 741.1

Wisconsin 2,842.6 2,842.7 2,844.9 2,852.1

Wyoming 239.9 240.7 242.7 244.4

2001

State Mar.(p)

Total(1)

Alabama 1,933.5

Alaska 288.2

Arizona 2,276.7

Arkansas 1,170.0

California 14,798.1

Colorado 2,260.5

Connecticut 1,699.2

Delaware 425.8

District of Columbia 647.5

Florida 7,247.2

Georgia 4,043.7

Hawaii 560.7

Idaho 563.1

Illinois 6,084.7

Indiana 3,001.0

Iowa 1,489.6

Kansas 1,358.5

Kentucky 1,841.6

Louisiana 1,953.3

Maine 613.4

Maryland 2,476.6

Massachusetts 3,362.3

Michigan 4,696.5

Minnesota 2,691.1

Mississippi 1,144.8

Missouri 2,761.0

Montana 394.3

Nebraska 913.5

Nevada 1,063.3

New Hampshire 625.8

New Jersey 4,032.8

New Mexico 752.2

New York 8,720.9

North Carolina 3,975.8

North Dakota 330.0

Ohio 5,658.6

Oklahoma 1,495.8

Oregon 1,606.8

Pennsylvania 5,744.8

Rhode Island 479.9

South Carolina 1,893.6

South Dakota 380.5

Tennessee 2,748.9

Texas 9,632.4

Utah 1,091.4

Vermont 300.7

Virginia 3,560.2

Washington 2,748.4

West Virginia 742.2

Wisconsin 2,850.5

Wyoming 245.2

2000

State Mar. Apr. May

Construction

Alabama 104.9 104.4 103.4

Alaska 14.6 14.4 14.3

Arizona 159.5 160.7 160.9

Arkansas 54.5 53.0 53.0

California 715.5 722.2 724.7

Colorado 160.1 160.6 162.4

Connecticut 65.9 65.1 65.2

Delaware 25.9 25.1 24.5

District of Columbia 10.7 11.1 10.9

Florida 384.0 386.7 388.6

Georgia 206.8 203.6 203.8

Hawaii(2) 23.1 23.5 23.6

Idaho 36.1 36.3 35.9

Illinois 269.5 268.3 269.6

Indiana 156.0 154.2 153.7

Iowa 67.0 64.5 63.9

Kansas 66.1 65.9 65.8

Kentucky 91.0 88.4 87.9

Louisiana 130.3 130.6 131.2

Maine 29.7 30.1 29.6

Maryland 157.9 154.6 154.9

Massachusetts 127.4 128.7 128.3

Michigan 210.8 210.7 210.9

Minnesota 119.6 121.6 119.7

Mississippi 56.8 55.7 55.6

Missouri 141.6 140.5 141.1

Montana 20.6 20.2 19.9

Nebraska 45.2 44.9 44.4

Nevada 87.2 88.1 87.9

New Hampshire 25.2 25.1 24.8

New Jersey 155.9 156.3 155.5

New Mexico 43.8 43.9 43.9

New York 333.0 326.6 325.2

North Carolina 233.5 230.4 230.7

North Dakota 17.1 16.8 16.2

Ohio 254.1 251.5 251.8

Oklahoma 59.9 60.0 60.1

Oregon 83.6 83.5 84.1

Pennsylvania 251.2 294.4 249.7

Rhode Island 19.1 18.2 18.2

South Carolina 115.6 115.9 116.0

South Dakota 18.4 18.4 17.9

Tennessee 128.0 126.4 126.7

Texas 558.7 558.5 559.1

Utah 72.6 72.6 72.5

Vermont 14.8 14.8 14.7

Virginia 211.6 209.3 208.5

Washington 161.2 160.6 160.7

West Virginia 35.7 34.3 33.9

Wisconsin 128.1 127.3 125.4

Wyoming 18.7 18.6 17.6

2000

State June July Aug. Sept.

Construction

Alabama 104.7 105.0 105.0 105.4

Alaska 14.5 14.4 14.3 14.3

Arizona 160.4 163.3 163.9 165.0

Arkansas 52.9 52.6 52.8 53.4

California 731.2 737.8 740.9 748.0

Colorado 163.5 165.2 164.3 162.5

Connecticut 65.5 64.7 64.6 65.1

Delaware 24.7 24.6 24.9 25.1

District of Columbia 10.7 10.9 10.9 11.0

Florida 391.8 394.6 394.0 393.3

Georgia 204.7 208.4 208.9 208.1

Hawaii(2) 23.7 24.1 24.0 24.0

Idaho 35.9 36.3 36.6 36.8

Illinois 268.6 266.1 265.2 263.1

Indiana 152.7 151.3 151.5 151.3

Iowa 63.4 63.1 63.1 63.1

Kansas 65.9 63.4 64.1 64.3

Kentucky 87.2 86.3 85.3 85.0

Louisiana 131.1 131.4 131.7 131.3

Maine 29.5 29.5 29.5 29.5

Maryland 155.0 156.4 156.0 156.4

Massachusetts 128.9 130.4 130.9 132.0

Michigan 210.9 211.7 212.2 213.0

Minnesota 119.4 118.7 118.5 117.9

Mississippi 55.5 55.3 55.2 54.6

Missouri 141.2 140.4 142.1 140.6

Montana 19.9 19.9 19.6 19.2

Nebraska 44.3 44.9 44.6 44.3

Nevada 88.4 87.8 87.9 87.7

New Hampshire 24.9 25.3 25.3 25.3

New Jersey 155.9 156.3 156.8 156.4

New Mexico 43.9 44.3 44.9 44.8

New York 326.1 326.0 327.0 328.0

North Carolina 230.7 234.4 235.8 236.5

North Dakota 16.2 16.0 16.0 15.9

Ohio 251.9 254.0 253.6 254.4

Oklahoma 60.2 61.0 61.4 61.8

Oregon 84.4 86.6 86.3 86.4

Pennsylvania 250.0 253.4 253.2 255.3

Rhode Island 18.1 18.3 18.5 18.8

South Carolina 116.6 117.1 117.4 117.8

South Dakota 17.8 18.0 18.0 18.1

Tennessee 126.1 126.0 126.1 126.7

Texas 563.2 559.9 562.3 564.5

Utah 72.7 72.7 73.0 73.0

Vermont 14.8 14.9 14.8 14.8

Virginia 209.3 211.5 212.1 213.1

Washington 160.6 160.9 161.0 161.9

West Virginia 335.0 33.2 32.4 33.2

Wisconsin 125.0 125.8 126.2 126.4

Wyoming 17.2 17.4 17.7 17.3

2000 2001

State Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan.

Construction

Alabama 106.2 106.1 106.6 107.8

Alaska 14.4 14.3 14.4 14.7

Arizona 165.1 164.6 165.2 165.3

Arkansas 53.3 54.0 54.4 56.2

California 750.8 753.5 761.4 760.1

Colorado 163.8 163.6 163.5 166.5

Connecticut 65.4 65.9 66.3 66.5

Delaware 25.0 24.9 25.0 25.1

District of Columbia 11.0 11.2 11.3 11.3

Florida 393.0 393.0 393.7 397.7

Georgia 208.5 207.6 208.9 210.3

Hawaii(2) 24.0 23.9 24.0 23.9

Idaho 36.7 36.8 36.8 35.5

Illinois 261.9 260.5 258.6 274.3

Indiana 152.6 153.7 151.1 155.8

Iowa 63.5 64.0 64.2 62.0

Kansas 64.5 64.5 64.1 65.2

Kentucky 85.2 86.1 85.9 90.0

Louisiana 131.6 132.0 132.7 137.6

Maine 29.7 29.7 29.9 30.3

Maryland 156.7 156.7 156.8 158.6

Massachusetts 133.2 134.6 135.8 136.6

Michigan 213.9 215.0 216.1 212.8

Minnesota 117.3 119.0 119.6 121.2

Mississippi 54.6 54.0 54.1 52.4

Missouri 139.7 139.0 134.3 142.9

Montana 19.4 19.5 19.7 20.2

Nebraska 44.1 43.7 42.9 44.5

Nevada 87.6 88.2 89.0 88.6

New Hampshire 25.3 25.0 25.1 25.8

New Jersey 156.7 158.1 159.1 160.5

New Mexico 45.5 45.7 45.7 45.8

New York 330.1 331.3 332.4 335.3

North Carolina 237.7 239.2 239.7 240.2

North Dakota 162.0 15.7 15.6 16.2

Ohio 255.6 256.6 257.8 259.2

Oklahoma 61.7 61.7 61.8 61.3

Oregon 88.0 89.5 88.0 89.5

Pennsylvania 255.0 255.5 255.6 255.2

Rhode Island 19.0 19.0 19.0 18.9

South Carolina 118.3 118.4 118.9 118.5

South Dakota 18.4 17.7 17.9 18.7

Tennessee 126.0 126.9 127.5 130.9

Texas 565.0 566.9 568.7 569.8

Utah 73.1 73.3 73.7 73.2

Vermont 14.7 14.6 14.6 14.5

Virginia 214.6 216.1 217.5 219.6

Washington 162.8 164.0 164.3 166.1

West Virginia 34.0 34.5 34.3 34.8

Wisconsin 126.8 126.7 126.3 127.2

Wyoming 17.4 17.4 17.6 18.5

2001

State Feb. Mar.(p)

Construction

Alabama 108.4 107.2

Alaska 15.1 15.3

Arizona 166.6 167.7

Arkansas 56.0 57.2

California 761.7 766.4

Colorado 164.0 162.8

Connecticut 68.1 68.0

Delaware 25.9 25.8

District of Columbia 11.4 11.0

Florida 397.9 395.5

Georgia 213.4 210.6

Hawaii(2) 23.8 23.9

Idaho 34.9 34.9

Illinois 280.8 288.5

Indiana 156.2 157.5

Iowa 62.1 63.6

Kansas 65.0 66.8

Kentucky 91.1 89.7

Louisiana 136.3 135.7

Maine 30.6 30.8

Maryland 160.7 159.0

Massachusetts 136.8 138.5

Michigan 217.2 215.1

Minnesota 121.6 123.8

Mississippi 53.1 53.1

Missouri 142.5 143.8

Montana 20.7 21.0

Nebraska 44.3 44.2

Nevada 89.5 90.2

New Hampshire 26.3 25.9

New Jersey 162.5 162.6

New Mexico 45.5 45.7

New York 339.5 340.0

North Carolina 241.6 243.6

North Dakota 16.0 17.0

Ohio 260.4 262.5

Oklahoma 62.1 62.9

Oregon 88.8 88.6

Pennsylvania 258.3 257.1

Rhode Island 19.2 19.0

South Carolina 119.5 119.2

South Dakota 18.2 18.5

Tennessee 132.7 131.7

Texas 575.2 576.3

Utah 73.3 71.2

Vermont 14.8 14.6

Virginia 223.6 223.3

Washington 165.9 170.3

West Virginia 36.0 36.3

Wisconsin 128.1 126.7

Wyoming 18.4 18.8

2000

State Mar. Apr.

Manufacturing

Alabama 363.0 362.7

Alaska 13.4 13.6

Arizona 213.7 214.0

Arkansas 253.1 252.2

California 1,936.5 1,937.3

Colorado 205.0 205.1

Connecticut 262.6 262.2

Delaware 59.4 58.3

District of Columbia 11.3 11.3

Florida 487.9 486.6

Georgia 591.9 590.7

Hawaii 17.1 17.1

Idaho 77.0 77.2

Illinois 948.4 946.8

Indiana 692.0 691.2

Iowa 260.8 260.6

Kansas 210.2 209.9

Kentucky 323.2 323.2

Louisiana 184.6 184.5

Maine 86.4 86.2

Maryland 180.5 180.4

Massachusetts 435.5 435.6

Michigan 979.9 983.0

Minnesota 440.6 440.3

Mississippi 237.7 237.0

Missouri 403.6 403.2

Montana 25.1 24.9

Nebraska 119.6 119.9

Nevada 43.7 44.0

New Hampshire 105.9 106.3

New Jersey 465.5 464.4

New Mexico 42.6 42.7

New York 877.9 875.8

North Carolina 787.6 787.1

North Dakota 24.6 24.7

Ohio 1,089.3 1,088.8

Oklahoma 182.7 181.4

Oregon 243.2 243.9

Pennsylvania 928.6 926.4

Rhode Island 73.3 72.8

South Carolina 347.2 348.6

South Dakota 50.3 50.0

Tennessee 508.8 510.6

Texas 1,086.1 1,084.7

Utah 130.6 130.7

Vermont 48.6 48.5

Virginia 392.6 389.0

Washington 355.7 354.2

West Virginia 81.3 81.1

Wisconsin 619.9 618.1

Wyoming 11.6 11.4

2000

State May June July Aug.

Manufacturing

Alabama 361.6 361.9 364.4 360.8

Alaska 13.8 13.2 13.6 13.6

Arizona 213.6 213.8 215.9 216.2

Arkansas 251.9 251.1 251.3 250.8

California 1,940.4 1,947.3 1,952.4 1,952.5

Colorado 204.7 204.9 205.8 206.3

Connecticut 261.9 262.0 263.5 262.3

Delaware 58.0 58.1 58.3 58.8

District of Columbia 11.1 11.3 11.5 11.4

Florida 486.1 485.9 487.4 486.9

Georgia 588.7 587.0 589.1 586.4

Hawaii 17.2 17.2 17.3 17.4

Idaho 77.6 77.6 77.2 77.0

Illinois 945.4 943.1 946.5 943.2

Indiana 690.5 691.1 690.1 687.8

Iowa 260.9 260.8 261.4 261.2

Kansas 209.5 209.4 210.2 209.7

Kentucky 322.9 322.8 323.1 322.6

Louisiana 184.1 183.1 183.6 183.5

Maine 86.2 86.2 86.7 85.8

Maryland 179.8 180.7 180.0 179.6

Massachusetts 434.8 436.3 436.4 436.4

Michigan 983.0 984.0 987.2 979.9

Minnesota 439.8 439.8 439.8 439.1

Mississippi 236.0 235.2 234.0 233.4

Missouri 403.2 403.1 408.9 406.5

Montana 24.9 24.7 24.8 24.7

Nebraska 120.1 120.7 121.2 120.4

Nevada 44.0 44.3 44.5 44.6

New Hampshire 105.4 105.2 105.7 105.8

New Jersey 464.0 463.4 462.2 461.2

New Mexico 42.9 42.7 43.2 43.1

New York 874.2 873.8 875.6 874.3

North Carolina 786.0 785.5 786.1 777.2

North Dakota 25.0 25.2 25.2 25.1

Ohio 1,087.6 1,088.2 1,086.0 1,085.5

Oklahoma 181.9 182.9 182.9 182.8

Oregon 243.6 243.9 243.8 241.9

Pennsylvania 923.9 926.8 928.2 926.7

Rhode Island 72.7 72.3 73.5 72.2

South Carolina 348.3 348.3 349.0 348.2

South Dakota 49.7 49.9 49.8 49.8

Tennessee 509.6 510.4 512.6 511.0

Texas 1,087.3 1,088.6 1,085.9 1,085.4

Utah 130.7 130.8 131.8 131.8

Vermont 48.6 49.0 48.9 48.9

Virginia 389.4 387.9 387.4 388.0

Washington 352.9 352.2 351.4 350.5

West Virginia 80.5 80.4 80.6 80.3

Wisconsin 616.4 616.7 618.0 616.3

Wyoming 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3

2000

State Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec.

Manufacturing

Alabama 359.4 358.4 356.9 356.1

Alaska 13.5 13.2 12.8 13.0

Arizona 216.5 216.4 216.7 216.8

Arkansas 250.0 250.5 250.4 250.3

California 1,950.6 1,952.1 1,953.4 1,953.2

Colorado 205.9 205.4 205.8 206.5

Connecticut 262.0 261.8 261.3 261.3

Delaware 58.5 58.5 58.3 58.5

District of Columbia 11.4 11.3 11.4 11.4

Florida 486.5 486.8 486.4 486.3

Georgia 586.1 585.5 582.6 581.8

Hawaii 17.5 17.4 17.3 17.3

Idaho 76.8 76.5 76.8 76.5

Illinois 940.0 939.9 941.3 940.9

Indiana 685.8 683.6 681.2 677.7

Iowa 261.1 261.3 261.6 261.4

Kansas 210.2 210.6 210.7 210.3

Kentucky 321.0 320.0 319.6 318.5

Louisiana 183.0 182.6 182.3 182.4

Maine 80.8 80.6 85.3 84.4

Maryland 179.9 179.2 179.0 178.8

Massachusetts 434.6 436.4 437.0 437.3

Michigan 977.1 974.9 976.9 974.8

Minnesota 438.2 439.5 438.9 438.9

Mississippi 231.9 230.7 229.3 227.3

Missouri 402.9 400.7 401.1 400.7

Montana 24.8 24.7 24.6 24.8

Nebraska 120.2 120.1 120.2 119.9

Nevada 44.6 45.0 45.1 45.6

New Hampshire 105.6 105.4 105.4 105.2

New Jersey 458.8 459.6 458.9 458.7

New Mexico 42.8 42.8 42.9 43.1

New York 873.2 869.0 868.7 868.0

North Carolina 780.7 775.4 774.7 772.8

North Dakota 25.3 25.3 25.2 25.3

Ohio 1,083.3 1,082.8 1,082.8 1,079.2

Oklahoma 182.3 182.3 182.2 182.0

Oregon 244.1 243.2 244.0 245.2

Pennsylvania 925.5 924.1 923.0 923.0

Rhode Island 72.7 72.7 72.3 72.3

South Carolina 347.4 347.3 346.8 346.2

South Dakota 49.9 49.9 49.6 49.2

Tennessee 508.0 506.0 505.0 503.3

Texas 1,086.4 1,087.4 1,088.2 1,086.9

Utah 131.9 131.9 131.7 131.7

Vermont 49.0 49.2 49.3 49.5

Virginia 386.8 386.6 386.1 385.9

Washington 347.9 347.5 346.9 346.2

West Virginia 79.8 79.9 79.9 79.8

Wisconsin 616.2 616.1 615.3 614.0

Wyoming 11.3 11.2 11.3 11.4

2001

State Jan. Feb. Mar.(p)

Manufacturing

Alabama 353.6 353.5 351.8

Alaska 14.2 14.2 13.4

Arizona 217.1 216.7 216.1

Arkansas 248.7 245.5 244.5

California 1,950.1 1,945.0 1,948.3

Colorado 206.9 206.4 205.4

Connecticut 260.7 260.4 258.6

Delaware 54.6 55.1 57.0

District of Columbia 11.5 11.5 11.5

Florida 483.9 485.1 485.4

Georgia 575.2 578.3 574.5

Hawaii 17.3 17.2 17.2

Idaho 76.1 76.2 75.9

Illinois 937.9 936.8 932.3

Indiana 672.9 671.3 669.9

Iowa 260.4 260.6 261.0

Kansas 210.3 211.0 211.0

Kentucky 317.7 315.4 314.4

Louisiana 183.4 182.2 181.7

Maine 84.5 83.5 83.7

Maryland 178.5 177.9 177.7

Massachusetts 436.2 434.4 432.5

Michigan 949.6 959.9 957.7

Minnesota 439.1 437.7 438.4

Mississippi 226.2 222.6 221.5

Missouri 394.7 393.7 392.7

Montana 24.4 24.7 24.5

Nebraska 119.3 119.0 118.6

Nevada 45.9 46.0 46.1

New Hampshire 105.1 104.9 104.5

New Jersey 458.4 457.7 456.1

New Mexico 43.2 42.9 43.3

New York 863.1 854.8 851.2

North Carolina 771.4 764.7 761.2

North Dakota 25.2 25.1 25.0

Ohio 1,072.8 1,070.5 1,066.4

Oklahoma 180.9 180.4 179.9

Oregon 241.5 240.8 237.9

Pennsylvania 920.7 917.7 913.2

Rhode Island 72.9 72.0 71.9

South Carolina 344.0 343.5 344.2

South Dakota 49.0 48.2 48.0

Tennessee 500.2 495.7 494.7

Texas 1,086.6 1,087.2 1,087.8

Utah 131.4 131.0 130.9

Vermont 49.6 49.8 49.9

Virginia 386.8 384.4 383.1

Washington 347.1 345.5 343.7

West Virginia 79.6 79.0 79.2

Wisconsin 612.6 608.7 605.9

Wyoming 11.4 11.8 11.5

2000

State Mar. Apr. May June July

Transportation and

public utilities

Alabama 95.6 95.5 96.0 95.9 96.0

Alaska 27.3 27.3 27.4 27.3 27.6

Arizona 108.6 107.8 108.1 108.5 108.9

Arkansas 70.1 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.3

California 736.5 741.5 743.9 745.4 746.2

Colorado 142.9 143.5 144.1 144.9 145.0

Connecticut 78.6 78.7 78.8 79.2 79.1

Delaware 17.4 17.4 17.3 17.3 17.5

District of Columbia 19.3 19.6 19.6 19.4 19.5

Florida 355.0 355.4 355.8 358.2 358.0

Georgia 267.7 266.0 266.1 267.9 268.0

Hawaii (3) (3) (3) (3) (3)

Idaho 27.9 27.9 27.9 28.0 28.2

Illinois 351.7 352.5 352.9 353.2 354.5

Indiana 149.4 148.5 147.7 148.2 148.9

Iowa 72.9 73.0 72.9 73.1 72.7

Kansas 83.0 85.4 85.9 86.7 86.9

Kentucky 108.7 108.6 108.5 108.9 108.5

Louisiana 112.6 113.0 112.9 113.1 113.2

Maine 24.5 24.5 24.6 24.3 24.6

Maryland 114.9 114.6 114.9 115.4 116.0

Massachusetts 143.1 144.3 143.9 144.5 145.9

Michigan 180.7 180.4 180.8 180.5 180.9

Minnesota 134.8 134.7 134.4 134.3 134.2

Mississippi 56.9 57.0 57.2 57.4 57.0

Missouri 175.7 178.6 179.2 178.4 181.5

Montana 22.2 22.3 22.5 22.4 22.4

Nebraska 58.6 58.2 58.0 58.1 58.5

Nevada 55.3 55.3 55.5 55.9 55.9

New Hampshire 21.5 22.1 22.0 22.2 21.9

New Jersey 273.0 273.4 272.4 272.5 272.9

New Mexico 36.5 36.7 36.9 37.0 37.0

New York 429.6 430.9 430.3 431.2 432.8

North Carolina 180.3 180.9 181.5 182.5 182.7

North Dakota 18.7 18.9 18.9 18.9 18.8

Ohio 250.0 250.4 249.9 250.0 250.2

Oklahoma 84.5 85.1 85.2 85.6 85.3

Oregon 79.6 79.4 79.7 79.9 80.2

Pennsylvania 301.5 301.3 301.2 301.6 301.3

Rhode Island 16.7 17.1 17.1 17.1 16.8

South Carolina 95.1 94.7 95.0 94.9 94.8

South Dakota 16.9 17.0 17.1 17.0 17.1

Tennessee 176.5 178.3 178.1 178.7 178.5

Texas 582.1 583.7 586.5 590.5 592.5

Utah 60.3 60.3 60.6 60.7 61.2

Vermont 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.5 12.4

Virginia 185.0 185.6 186.0 187.4 187.3

Washington 144.5 145.0 145.3 146.0 146.9

West Virginia 37.7 37.6 37.4 37.5 37.6

Wisconsin 132.6 133.6 133.2 132.7 134.9

Wyoming 14.4 14.4 14.4 14.3 14.4

2000

State Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov.

Transportation and

public utilities

Alabama 96.0 95.9 95.8 96.3

Alaska 27.4 27.3 26.8 27.2

Arizona 109.4 109.4 110.1 110.4

Arkansas 70.3 70.5 70.9 70.8

California 751.0 750.6 752.9 755.1

Colorado 144.9 144.9 144.4 143.8

Connecticut 79.0 800.0 80.2 80.2

Delaware 16.8 17.9 17.8 17.9

District of Columbia 18.0 19.6 19.5 19.6

Florida 358.7 359.9 360.9 361.8

Georgia 268.5 269.0 269.3 270.3

Hawaii (3) (3) (3) (3)

Idaho 28.0 28.1 28.3 28.2

Illinois 356.3 357.1 357.9 357.0

Indiana 149.1 148.3 149.6 149.5

Iowa 72.9 73.5 73.4 73.6

Kansas 87.3 87.6 86.8 87.1

Kentucky 108.7 108.9 109.0 109.0

Louisiana 113.3 113.9 113.7 113.9

Maine 23.1 24.4 24.2 24.2

Maryland 108.3 116.4 118.7 118.7

Massachusetts 134.3 145.6 146.0 146.2

Michigan 181.1 181.6 181.2 182.0

Minnesota 135.0 135.2 135.8 136.1

Mississippi 57.1 56.7 56.6 56.7

Missouri 182.2 183.9 184.0 183.0

Montana 22.5 22.4 22.3 22.3

Nebraska 58.6 58.5 58.4 58.5

Nevada 56.2 56.5 57.2 57.6

New Hampshire 20.5 22.2 22.1 22.1

New Jersey 268.3 271.8 272.3 272.1

New Mexico 37.2 37.1 37.0 37.0

New York 401.8 435.5 434.8 436.1

North Carolina 183.2 183.2 183.4 183.5

North Dakota 18.7 18.9 18.7 18.7

Ohio 251.3 251.0 251.2 250.7

Oklahoma 85.6 85.8 86.0 85.5

Oregon 80.5 80.7 80.8 80.8

Pennsylvania 289.9 304.3 303.8 303.6

Rhode Island 15.9 16.9 17.1 17.0

South Carolina 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.2

South Dakota 17.1 17.2 17.0 17.0

Tennessee 178.8 178.9 178.6 179.2

Texas 594.7 597.8 601.2 603.5

Utah 61.3 61.3 61.3 61.2

Vermont 11.9 12.5 12.6 12.6

Virginia 180.8 188.5 189.2 189.8

Washington 147.9 148.1 148.8 149.2

West Virginia 35.3 37.6 37.6 375.0

Wisconsin 135.3 134.7 135.0 134.9

Wyoming 14.4 14.3 14.3 14.3

2000 2001

State Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar.(p)

Transportation and

public utilities

Alabama 96.4 96.0 95.8 95.8

Alaska 27.0 27.3 27.2 27.3

Arizona 110.7 109.7 110.3 110.6

Arkansas 71.0 70.3 70.2 70.4

California 759.7 761.1 761.1 765.6

Colorado 143.3 142.0 141.2 141.3

Connecticut 79.8 80.1 79.9 80.0

Delaware 18.0 17.9 17.6 17.7

District of Columbia 19.6 19.6 19.1 19.2

Florida 362.8 362.8 363.9 364.2

Georgia 270.8 273.2 274.4 274.2

Hawaii (3) (3) (3) (3)

Idaho 28.1 27.8 27.8 28.0

Illinois 357.0 358.4 359.3 360.2

Indiana 150.2 150.1 149.3 149.6

Iowa 73.6 73.7 74.0 74.3

Kansas 87.1 87.2 87.4 87.7

Kentucky 109.2 109.7 109.8 109.1

Louisiana 114.0 115.0 114.8 115.1

Maine 24.1 24.4 24.3 24.1

Maryland 119.8 117.9 117.1 118.2

Massachusetts 146.6 146.2 145.8 145.2

Michigan 181.7 181.6 181.5 180.5

Minnesota 136.4 136.7 137.0 137.2

Mississippi 56.8 56.9 56.3 56.1

Missouri 182.5 182.7 183.2 182.4

Montana 22.4 22.5 22.3 22.4

Nebraska 58.6 58.3 58.3 58.2

Nevada 58.1 58.2 58.8 59.0

New Hampshire 22.1 21.5 21.7 21.6

New Jersey 272.6 271.2 271.7 271.0

New Mexico 37.1 37.0 36.9 37.2

New York 439.2 442.9 443.6 442.4

North Carolina 182.8 183.2 184.6 182.9

North Dakota 18.7 18.8 19.0 18.9

Ohio 250.7 250.6 250.3 250.0

Oklahoma 85.4 85.9 85.9 85.8

Oregon 80.8 80.3 81.1 79.9

Pennsylvania 304.5 306.5 305.9 303.8

Rhode Island 17.0 17.0 17.0 17.0

South Carolina 95.2 954.0 95.6 958.0

South Dakota 17.0 17.1 17.0 17.1

Tennessee 179.1 181.1 181.7 181.1

Texas 605.4 605.4 609.2 608.7

Utah 61.2 60.1 60.2 60.5

Vermont 12.6 12.3 12.7 12.5

Virginia 190.6 193.8 193.9 193.7

Washington 150.1 150.1 149.6 149.0

West Virginia 37.6 37.2 36.8 37.0

Wisconsin 135.5 133.7 133.7 134.2

Wyoming 14.1 14.4 14.1 14.1

2000

State Mar. Apr. May June

Trade

Alabama 447.1 446.3 447.3 446.3

Alaska 57.4 57.6 57.6 57.0

Arizona 522.2 522.5 522.8 525.8

Arkansas 266.2 266.0 265.8 266.9

California 3,280.2 3,281.5 3,283.1 3,296.1

Colorado 519.6 521.1 522.3 523.5

Connecticut 364.3 366.3 365.9 366.2

Delaware 91.0 91.0 90.9 91.3

District of Columbia 49.5 49.8 49.6 49.5

Florida 1,740.6 1,748.3 1,752.2 1,757.4

Georgia 980.1 982.8 981.1 982.1

Hawaii 135.6 136.3 136.4 136.8

Idaho 139.3 140.4 140.2 140.4

Illinois 1,363.5 1,366.2 1,361.9 1,365.0

Indiana 711.4 711.0 707.8 708.4

Iowa 358.7 357.2 355.5 356.4

Kansas 320.9 321.7 320.7 319.7

Kentucky 430.1 428.5 427.1 425.8

Louisiana 452.4 453.3 453.8 454.0

Maine 149.0 149.4 148.7 149.5

Maryland 552.1 554.6 553.5 555.8

Massachusetts 744.1 746.8 745.3 747.6

Michigan 1,090.2 1,095.1 1,090.8 1,092.8

Minnesota 631.5 632.7 631.0 631.7

Mississippi 257.1 256.8 256.8 257.0

Missouri 648.0 648.1 648.0 647.8

Montana 102.4 102.7 102.2 102.2

Nebraska 219.1 217.9 217.6 219.3

Nevada 210.8 211.6 211.4 212.2

New Hampshire 163.3 164.5 165.2 165.4

New Jersey 929.4 935.7 933.9 935.0

New Mexico 173.3 173.1 172.7 173.1

New York 1,737.3 1,744.7 1,740.4 1,744.7

North Carolina 895.6 896.8 898.3 898.9

North Dakota 82.0 82.1 81.7 81.9

Ohio 1,354.6 1,355.1 1,353.2 1,353.1

Oklahoma 342.6 342.7 342.0 343.0

Oregon 393.0 393.9 394.6 395.1

Pennsylvania 1,271.3 1,276.5 1,273.5 1,274.8

Rhode Island 108.6 109.6 109.0 109.2

South Carolina 445.3 445.1 445.8 443.0

South Dakota 92.7 92.8 92.1 92.1

Tennessee 639.2 642.6 642.6 642.5

Texas 2,237.4 2,236.7 2,240.4 2,247.6

Utah 250.9 251.0 251.0 251.6

Vermont 67.9 67.8 67.9 68.1

Virginia 766.8 767.5 767.0 768.3

Washington 650.7 652.4 653.1 655.0

West Virginia 164.4 164.3 163.9 164.1

Wisconsin 636.7 637.9 635.2 636.3

Wyoming 54.1 54.3 54.5 54.6

2000

State July Aug. Sept. Oct.

Trade

Alabama 446.9 447.9 448.3 449.4

Alaska 57.6 57.8 57.8 58.1

Arizona 526.7 528.8 529.7 529.6

Arkansas 267.0 267.1 267.2 267.8

California 3,313.2 3,321.2 3,328.9 3,331.8

Colorado 528.9 530.3 531.4 532.7

Connecticut 366.4 365.8 366.2 365.9

Delaware 92.0 91.8 91.4 92.1

District of Columbia 50.0 50.2 49.5 49.0

Florida 1,764.2 1,768.0 1,769.9 1,771.0

Georgia 983.9 981.9 980.2 984.7

Hawaii 137.7 138.1 137.9 138.1

Idaho 142.8 144.4 145.4 145.1

Illinois 1,369.2 1,366.5 1,374.9 1,370.4

Indiana 710.1 710.2 710.3 709.7

Iowa 357.0 357.5 358.0 360.8

Kansas 317.5 318.1 318.0 320.4

Kentucky 431.9 432.2 433.2 432.7

Louisiana 456.7 456.9 457.0 457.4

Maine 151.4 151.7 151.9 152.5

Maryland 558.6 560.2 559.9 561.1

Massachusetts 751.6 751.4 751.0 751.6

Michigan 1,089.0 1,094.3 1,094.2 1,103.2

Minnesota 633.2 633.5 633.2 632.8

Mississippi 257.0 256.8 256.5 257.4

Missouri 647.2 648.6 649.6 649.9

Montana 103.5 103.1 102.9 102.7

Nebraska 220.0 219.3 218.0 218.2

Nevada 215.4 217.7 218.7 220.2

New Hampshire 164.0 164.8 164.9 164.3

New Jersey 934.7 935.0 937.2 937.9

New Mexico 173.4 174.0 173.9 174.1

New York 1,748.2 1,753.5 1,753.9 1,760.7

North Carolina 906.6 907.9 907.3 908.3

North Dakota 81.8 81.6 82.0 81.9

Ohio 1,354.9 1,357.6 1,359.2 1,362.4

Oklahoma 342.0 342.0 342.4 341.9

Oregon 396.9 395.0 395.2 396.0

Pennsylvania 1,277.4 1,277.6 1,278.8 1,277.6

Rhode Island 109.4 109.0 109.1 109.1

South Carolina 447.3 448.1 449.6 450.4

South Dakota 91.6 91.7 91.7 91.9

Tennessee 644.3 646.7 648.1 649.9

Texas 2,244.3 2,255.4 2,256.0 2,259.6

Utah 252.0 252.2 253.1 253.7

Vermont 68.1 68.4 68.2 68.1

Virginia 766.4 769.3 769.7 767.9

Washington 654.0 654.6 655.4 656.8

West Virginia 164.2 164.4 164.0 165.0

Wisconsin 635.1 636.0 637.3 637.5

Wyoming 54.7 54.7 54.6 55.5

2000 2001

State Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb.

Trade

Alabama 450.0 452.0 450.1 450.5

Alaska 58.3 58.3 57.7 57.8

Arizona 531.1 531.4 528.8 531.3

Arkansas 269.0 269.9 270.2 270.9

California 3,335.1 3,336.0 3,329.2 3,344.4

Colorado 532.0 531.2 529.0 531.3

Connecticut 365.4 365.5 365.7 364.3

Delaware 93.1 93.2 92.2 92.9

District of Columbia 49.1 49.1 49.2 49.2

Florida 1,773.0 1,777.0 1,777.1 1,777.9

Georgia 987.8 984.9 995.1 994.9

Hawaii 138.8 139.3 138.7 1,394.0

Idaho 145.1 145.1 142.9 143.0

Illinois 1,367.7 1,366.2 1,369.3 1,369.6

Indiana 712.4 712.7 708.0 707.9

Iowa 361.2 361.8 362.0 362.0

Kansas 322.7 324.0 322.0 321.3

Kentucky 433.3 434.8 434.9 435.6

Louisiana 457.6 456.3 458.8 462.0

Maine 152.0 152.1 152.4 152.6

Maryland 561.4 560.4 556.3 558.3

Massachusetts 751.9 753.4 752.7 749.8

Michigan 1,103.3 1,104.7 1,099.0 1,106.5

Minnesota 634.3 634.9 635.0 635.3

Mississippi 257.1 257.0 257.9 257.6

Missouri 652.0 653.7 652.1 650.3

Montana 103.1 103.3 103.1 103.8

Nebraska 218.8 218.9 219.5 217.9

Nevada 222.0 223.3 223.7 226.0

New Hampshire 165.5 166.2 164.7 164.6

New Jersey 940.5 943.5 942.1 941.6

New Mexico 174.2 174.4 173.2 173.8

New York 161.2 1,762.9 1,760.2 1,765.4

North Carolina 907.9 905.7 900.6 901.2

North Dakota 81.8 81.8 82.2 83.0

Ohio 1,361.1 1,362.6 1,360.9 1,361.2

Oklahoma 342.6 342.1 341.5 340.5

Oregon 395.8 394.0 391.5 393.0

Pennsylvania 1,276.8 1,279.6 1,288.1 1,283.4

Rhode Island 109.0 109.5 110.7 111.5

South Carolina 451.9 452.4 452.7 453.3

South Dakota 91.8 92.1 92.9 92.8

Tennessee 650.6 652.3 653.4 654.6

Texas 2,266.0 2,270.8 2,269.7 2,276.3

Utah 253.7 254.3 254.0 254.3

Vermont 68.4 68.9 68.2 68.8

Virginia 769.2 769.8 769.8 773.2

Washington 658.4 659.2 659.2 659.7

West Virginia 165.2 164.7 164.8 165.6

Wisconsin 637.7 639.3 638.8 639.4

Wyoming 55.2 54.8 55.1 55.5

2001

State Mar.(p)

Trade

Alabama 450.2

Alaska 58.1

Arizona 529.7

Arkansas 271.3

California 3,359.9

Colorado 535.9

Connecticut 365.2

Delaware 92.5

District of Columbia 49.2

Florida 1,778.7

Georgia 1,000.2

Hawaii 139.5

Idaho 143.2

Illinois 1,376.2

Indiana 705.8

Iowa 362.0

Kansas 321.5

Kentucky 434.4

Louisiana 461.9

Maine 152.9

Maryland 555.2

Massachusetts 751.1

Michigan 1,105.7

Minnesota 635.5

Mississippi 257.2

Missouri 648.8

Montana 103.5

Nebraska 216.4

Nevada 226.6

New Hampshire 164.8

New Jersey 941.8

New Mexico 174.2

New York 1,765.9

North Carolina 900.0

North Dakota 82.4

Ohio 1,357.8

Oklahoma 341.7

Oregon 393.6

Pennsylvania 1,289.0

Rhode Island 111.3

South Carolina 454.6

South Dakota 93.2

Tennessee 652.2

Texas 2,280.0

Utah 254.3

Vermont 68.6

Virginia 772.7

Washington 658.7

West Virginia 165.9

Wisconsin 640.0

Wyoming 55.6

2000

State Mar. Apr. May

Finance, insurance,

and real estate

Alabama 91.5 92.1 92.1

Alaska 12.8 12.8 12.7

Arizona 143.2 142.5 142.6

Arkansas 46.1 46.0 46.0

California 820.1 817.8 817.6

Colorado 141.6 141.8 141.9

Connecticut 140.2 140.8 141.0

Delaware 50.0 50.1 50.4

District of Columbia 31.0 31.6 31.7

Florida 440.4 441.5 442.8

Georgia 204.4 207.0 206.7

Hawaii 33.9 33.5 33.3

Idaho 23.5 23.5 23.6

Illinois 401.3 400.9 400.2

Indiana 141.2 140.7 140.7

Iowa 85.4 85.6 85.7

Kansas 62.8 63.3 63.8

Kentucky 76.8 76.7 76.5

Louisiana 86.9 86.8 86.7

Maine 32.0 32.1 32.1

Maryland 137.3 137.5 137.2

Massachusetts 225.9 227.0 226.9

Michigan 204.6 205.2 205.2

Minnesota 161.0 161.2 161.0

Mississippi 43.1 42.9 43.1

Missouri 165.5 165.7 165.8

Montana 17.8 17.8 17.8

Nebraska 60.6 61.1 61.2

Nevada 46.2 47.1 46.5

New Hampshire 32.6 32.7 32.6

New Jersey 264.1 264.4 264.6

New Mexico 32.3 32.0 32.0

New York 745.6 744.5 743.6

North Carolina 185.5 186.4 187.0

North Dakota 16.7 16.6 16.7

Ohio 308.2 307.9 307.6

Oklahoma 73.0 73.2 73.4

Oregon 93.9 93.6 93.6

Pennsylvania 325.3 326.4 326.4

Rhode Island 30.2 30.4 30.2

South Carolina 81.6 81.7 81.7

South Dakota 25.7 25.8 25.8

Tennessee 131.2 131.0 130.9

Texas 523.8 523.6 523.6

Utah 57.1 57.0 56.9

Vermont 12.4 12.4 12.4

Virginia 187.4 188.2 188.6

Washington 137.5 137.2 136.9

West Virginia 29.5 29.4 29.5

Wisconsin 147.4 147.4 147.7

Wyoming 8.0 8.1 8.1

2000

State June July Aug. Sept.

Finance, insurance,

and real estate

Alabama 91.9 92.2 92.2 92.3

Alaska 12.8 12.7 12.7 12.7

Arizona 142.3 143.9 144.2 144.3

Arkansas 46.1 46.1 46.1 46.1

California 817.5 822.1 824.1 826.0

Colorado 141.9 142.1 142.2 142.4

Connecticut 141.2 141.8 141.9 141.9

Delaware 50.5 50.1 50.2 50.3

District of Columbia 32.1 31.6 31.3 32.0

Florida 443.7 444.3 444.3 445.2

Georgia 206.7 208.2 207.9 206.4

Hawaii 33.1 332.0 33.2 33.2

Idaho 23.6 23.6 23.6 23.6

Illinois 399.2 400.9 400.6 400.9

Indiana 140.1 140.6 140.6 140.7

Iowa 85.5 85.5 85.7 86.0

Kansas 63.7 63.6 63.7 63.9

Kentucky 76.9 76.6 76.3 76.4

Louisiana 86.5 86.6 86.5 86.7

Maine 31.8 32.1 32.4 32.5

Maryland 137.1 137.4 137.6 137.5

Massachusetts 228.2 227.7 228.2 228.3

Michigan 204.3 203.9 204.7 205.4

Minnesota 162.0 161.1 160.9 160.8

Mississippi 43.2 42.5 42.1 42.3

Missouri 166.4 165.8 167.0 168.5

Montana 17.7 17.9 17.9 18.0

Nebraska 61.2 61.2 61.2 61.1

Nevada 46.9 47.3 47.7 47.9

New Hampshire 32.7 32.7 32.7 32.7

New Jersey 264.1 264.3 265.0 265.7

New Mexico 31.9 31.9 31.9 32.0

New York 744.9 747.3 749.2 748.8

North Carolina 187.3 187.3 187.6 188.3

North Dakota 16.7 16.6 16.6 16.6

Ohio 307.3 307.5 307.8 308.5

Oklahoma 73.4 73.4 73.7 73.8

Oregon 93.6 93.9 94.0 93.9

Pennsylvania 326.8 325.9 326.0 325.8

Rhode Island 30.8 30.8 31.1 31.1

South Carolina 81.6 81.9 81.7 81.9

South Dakota 25.8 25.9 25.8 25.8

Tennessee 131.0 131.3 131.1 131.4

Texas 524.7 524.8 525.5 526.3

Utah 57.0 57.1 57.2 57.2

Vermont 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.3

Virginia 189.3 189.4 190.2 190.7

Washington 136.3 136.8 136.5 137.0

West Virginia 29.5 29.4 29.4 29.4

Wisconsin 147.8 148.9 148.9 149.2

Wyoming 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0

2000 2001

State Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan.

Finance, insurance,

and real estate

Alabama 92.3 92.3 92.2 91.8

Alaska 12.7 12.8 12.7 12.8

Arizona 145.1 145.4 145.6 144.6

Arkansas 46.3 46.3 46.5 46.1

California 827.6 829.4 831.0 833.5

Colorado 142.6 143.2 143.2 143.2

Connecticut 141.6 141.6 141.2 141.0

Delaware 50.5 50.8 50.9 51.2

District of Columbia 31.9 31.8 31.9 31.8

Florida 445.4 445.5 445.8 446.8

Georgia 206.5 206.9 207.5 205.6

Hawaii 33.3 33.3 33.4 33.6

Idaho 23.7 23.7 23.8 23.5

Illinois 401.0 400.9 400.5 401.2

Indiana 140.6 140.7 141.1 140.9

Iowa 86.4 86.6 86.9 87.1

Kansas 64.6 64.8 65.0 64.7

Kentucky 76.2 76.2 76.3 76.6

Louisiana 86.9 86.9 87.0 86.9

Maine 32.6 32.8 33.0 32.8

Maryland 137.9 138.2 138.1 139.2

Massachusetts 228.9 228.9 229.0 229.3

Michigan 205.8 205.5 205.6 207.0

Minnesota 161.0 161.1 160.7 161.2

Mississippi 42.2 42.5 42.9 41.5

Missouri 168.1 168.1 168.9 168.9

Montana 18.1 18.0 18.0 18.1

Nebraska 61.2 61.3 61.2 61.4

Nevada 48.2 48.3 48.5 48.7

New Hampshire 32.8 33.1 32.9 32.8

New Jersey 266.2 266.3 266.9 267.0

New Mexico 32.1 32.2 32.2 32.3

New York 749.1 749.8 749.6 753.1

North Carolina 188.3 188.1 189.1 189.9

North Dakota 16.6 16.6 16.6 16.5

Ohio 308.7 309.0 309.3 309.8

Oklahoma 73.8 73.9 73.9 73.9

Oregon 94.1 94.4 94.6 94.7

Pennsylvania 327.1 327.9 328.3 328.9

Rhode Island 31.0 30.9 30.6 30.7

South Carolina 81.8 81.8 81.8 81.6

South Dakota 25.9 26.0 260.0 26.1

Tennessee 131.3 131.2 131.3 130.2

Texas 526.3 526.5 526.9 527.7

Utah 57.4 57.6 57.8 58.6

Vermont 12.3 12.3 12.4 12.4

Virginia 191.3 191.6 191.7 191.9

Washington 137.5 137.8 138.1 138.4

West Virginia 29.4 29.5 29.7 29.6

Wisconsin 149.6 149.9 150.3 150.1

Wyoming 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.2

2001

State Feb. Mar.(p)

Finance,

insurance, and

real estate

Alabama 91.8 92.0

Alaska 12.8 12.7

Arizona 144.5 144.7

Arkansas 46.2 46.1

California 837.2 840.7

Colorado 143.1 142.4

Connecticut 141.6 141.6

Delaware 50.7 50.7

District of Columbia 31.8 31.7

Florida 449.3 450.2

Georgia 206.3 206.8

Hawaii 33.8 33.9

Idaho 23.7 23.5

Illinois 402.7 402.9

Indiana 140.4 141.0

Iowa 87.3 87.2

Kansas 64.7 65.0

Kentucky 76.9 76.8

Louisiana 87.0 86.8

Maine 32.9 32.7

Maryland 138.5 139.0

Massachusetts 228.8 229.5

Michigan 207.3 206.9

Minnesota 161.6 162.2

Mississippi 42.2 42.3

Missouri 169.0 169.3

Montana 18.3 18.3

Nebraska 61.3 61.4

Nevada 49.1 49.3

New Hampshire 32.8 32.9

New Jersey 267.2 267.4

New Mexico 32.3 32.2

New York 753.5 753.7

North Carolina 189.8 189.5

North Dakota 16.5 16.5

Ohio 309.5 309.2

Oklahoma 73.9 73.8

Oregon 95.0 95.2

Pennsylvania 328.9 328.7

Rhode Island 30.6 30.6

South Carolina 81.7 81.7

South Dakota 26.1 26.0

Tennessee 130.4 130.9

Texas 529.3 531.7

Utah 58.3 58.8

Vermont 12.4 12.4

Virginia 192.3 191.9

Washington 138.8 138.6

West Virginia 29.6 29.8

Wisconsin 150.9 151.3

Wyoming 8.1 8.2

2000

State Mar. Apr. May

Services

Alabama 469.3 469.2 469.0

Alaska 72.2 72.5 72.8

Arizona 705.0 714.0 715.7

Arkansas 278.0 276.8 276.7

California 4,547.4 4,575.4 4,591.2

Colorado 672.1 680.8 680.1

Connecticut 534.6 534.4 534.6

Delaware 120.4 120.8 120.6

District of Columbia 297.2 301.1 298.6

Florida 2,600.0 2,614.3 2,624.1

Georgia 1,120.5 1,118.7 1,119.7

Hawaii 180.4 181.7 182.1

Idaho 140.0 141.4 141.9

Illinois 1,853.7 1,863.1 1,855.7

Indiana 746.1 747.8 748.9

Iowa 391.8 389.6 389.6

Kansas 347.6 347.8 347.7

Kentucky 472.3 468.1 467.8

Louisiana 533.2 536.9 536.7

Maine 180.4 181.4 181.7

Maryland 849.1 851.9 854.1

Massachusetts 1,196.1 1,199.8 1,201.1

Michigan 1,310.9 1,311.1 1,313.2

Minnesota 774.5 775.3 773.7

Mississippi 271.3 271.2 271.3

Missouri 784.6 785.4 781.0

Montana 115.6 114.7 115.2

Nebraska 250.7 251.1 251.5

Nevada 438.6 440.7 443.4

New Hampshire 185.4 185.9 186.1

New Jersey 1,301.9 1,308.3 1,310.9

New Mexico 214.1 215.1 214.9

New York 2,999.8 3,013.2 3,021.6

North Carolina 1,028.1 1,031.1 1,030.0

North Dakota 92.0 92.3 92.4

Ohio 1,586.5 1,587.9 1,584.7

Oklahoma 419.1 423.0 423.8

Oregon 435.3 436.8 437.9

Pennsylvania 1,853.9 1,856.5 1,859.4

Rhode Island 163.3 163.0 162.9

South Carolina 456.9 458.1 459.0

South Dakota 104.6 104.4 104.2

Tennessee 736.9 739.6 738.2

Texas 2,679.7 2,688.3 2,700.3

Utah 305.1 307.5 308.8

Vermont 916.0 90.3 91.1

Virginia 1,119.5 1,122.4 1,124.8

Washington 772.1 770.1 774.7

West Virginia 225.0 225.5 225.4

Wisconsin 762.3 764.3 765.7

Wyoming 55.4 55.2 54.7

2000

State June July Aug.

Services

Alabama 470.1 473.6 474.3

Alaska 73.6 73.7 73.9

Arizona 713.9 720.2 725.2

Arkansas 278.7 278.8 279.0

California 4,617.8 4,655.3 4,664.9

Colorado 683.3 692.2 692.9

Connecticut 537.2 541.0 539.7

Delaware 120.8 121.7 122.4

District of Columbia 299.4 301.1 302.9

Florida 2,631.7 2,635.7 2,649.6

Georgia 1,124.8 1,139.5 1,141.8

Hawaii 183.6 184.5 184.7

Idaho 142.7 143.7 144.8

Illinois 1,860.4 1,854.1 1,857.3

Indiana 751.5 753.6 755.1

Iowa 389.7 391.3 393.0

Kansas 347.1 347.2 348.0

Kentucky 467.2 470.0 471.1

Louisiana 535.3 539.3 541.3

Maine 182.3 182.8 182.6

Maryland 856.6 865.4 868.5

Massachusetts 1,207.7 1,211.9 1,216.1

Michigan 1,318.0 1,321.3 1,320.9

Minnesota 777.7 782.7 784.0

Mississippi 271.7 274.4 276.0

Missouri 782.7 787.4 788.7

Montana 116.1 116.4 116.8

Nebraska 252.2 254.1 254.2

Nevada 445.0 445.5 448.3

New Hampshire 187.2 190.1 190.8

New Jersey 1,316.7 1,317.5 1,322.2

New Mexico 215.7 216.0 216.8

New York 3,034.2 3,046.9 3,051.0

North Carolina 1,034.3 1,041.5 1,042.3

North Dakota 92.8 93.3 93.2

Ohio 1,592.8 1,597.5 1,591.7

Oklahoma 426.7 429.4 430.3

Oregon 438.7 441.7 442.4

Pennsylvania 1,866.9 1,884.4 1,890.0

Rhode Island 162.6 163.8 163.4

South Carolina 460.9 463.0 464.4

South Dakota 104.1 104.0 104.3

Tennessee 743.3 748.8 750.7

Texas 2,716.8 2,722.2 2,737.7

Utah 310.0 310.5 311.5

Vermont 91.6 91.5 91.7

Virginia 1,129.7 1,132.3 1,137.7

Washington 778.0 784.9 787.4

West Virginia 226.4 225.7 226.0

Wisconsin 766.9 770.4 770.5

Wyoming 54.9 54.6 54.7

2000

State Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec.

Services

Alabama 474.6 475.5 475.2 475.2

Alaska 73.9 73.2 73.6 73.7

Arizona 724.4 725.7 727.0 730.5

Arkansas 280.2 281.6 282.0 282.5

California 4,688.3 4,706.9 4,721.3 4,751.8

Colorado 696.1 697.5 698.7 697.1

Connecticut 539.8 539.0 538.8 540.9

Delaware 122.4 123.8 123.4 123.6

District of Columbia 301.0 299.9 301.6 302.3

Florida 2,664.5 2,687.6 2,700.0 2,714.2

Georgia 1,144.7 1,149.8 1,145.7 1,143.3

Hawaii 187.6 185.9 186.5 187.3

Idaho 145.1 144.9 145.5 146.6

Illinois 1,863.5 1,860.1 1,864.2 1,861.6

Indiana 758.9 757.7 758.6 760.2

Iowa 393.5 394.2 395.7 396.8

Kansas 348.5 349.6 350.0 351.6

Kentucky 472.4 475.5 477.8 480.3

Louisiana 542.5 544.5 545.3 547.9

Maine 183.4 184.1 185.7 185.8

Maryland 868.5 867.8 868.5 870.5

Massachusetts 1,216.8 1,221.1 1,224.3 1,229.1

Michigan 1,326.6 1,322.8 1,326.7 1,327.5

Minnesota 784.8 785.7 785.7 786.6

Mississippi 273.7 274.1 273.8 272.6

Missouri 795.5 792.1 791.9 791.9

Montana 117.3 117.3 117.8 117.8

Nebraska 253.8 253.5 254.2 254.5

Nevada 450.4 451.0 452.1 454.0

New Hampshire 190.2 189.1 190.6 191.1

New Jersey 1,327.0 1,330.3 1,333.4 1,336.2

New Mexico 217.9 217.4 2,174.0 217.4

New York 3,057.4 3,061.4 3,068.4 3,076.1

North Carolina 1,041.1 1,035.4 1,040.9 1,043.2

North Dakota 93.2 92.9 92.9 92.6

Ohio 1,597.0 1,598.6 1,602.3 1,605.1

Oklahoma 430.5 429.9 428.3 428.9

Oregon 442.5 444.4 444.8 444.1

Pennsylvania 1,884.7 1,890.9 1,894.4 1,897.5

Rhode Island 163.6 164.0 164.7 165.4

South Carolina 467.3 469.4 476.2 477.7

South Dakota 104.9 105.5 106.0 105.5

Tennessee 756.0 753.4 755.6 756.5

Texas 2,751.9 2,758.6 2,766.3 2,778.2

Utah 313.0 314.9 316.4 317.4

Vermont 92.1 92.0 92.4 92.1

Virginia 1,142.6 1,148.7 1,154.2 1,154.5

Washington 789.3 791.1 793.8 796.3

West Virginia 227.2 227.9 228.9 229.9

Wisconsin 768.5 769.1 771.6 773.5

Wyoming 54.5 55.0 55.5 56.2

2001

State Jan. Feb. Mar.(p)

Services

Alabama 477.6 476.4 476.9

Alaska 74.4 74.7 75.1

Arizona 727.0 727.9 726.7

Arkansas 282.3 283.1 284.2

California 4,710.9 4,720.3 4,739.4

Colorado 700.8 704.5 705.9

Connecticut 540.9 541.0 541.3

Delaware 124.6 123.2 124.3

District of Columbia 305.6 303.3 303.0

Florida 2,728.3 2,735.8 2,758.9

Georgia 1,161.5 1,157.0 1,157.4

Hawaii 186.5 187.3 188.1

Idaho 144.7 145.6 145.9

Illinois 1,880.2 1,882.5 1,883.1

Indiana 754.0 753.7 758.4

Iowa 396.5 397.5 398.2

Kansas 352.9 352.2 353.6

Kentucky 482.8 482.9 485.6

Louisiana 549.4 549.4 548.3

Maine 186.9 188.6 189.4

Maryland 873.5 874.3 877.0

Massachusetts 1,233.7 1,234.3 1,237.8

Michigan 1,329.7 1,331.7 1,331.7

Minnesota 788.2 790.9 793.1

Mississippi 271.7 273.4 271.8

Missouri 795.2 791.3 789.8

Montana 118.3 118.7 119.9

Nebraska 257.7 256.9 257.5

Nevada 451.6 454.3 457.2

New Hampshire 193.5 192.4 194.2

New Jersey 1,335.5 1,336.4 1,339.3

New Mexico 217.0 218.2 219.5

New York 3,089.3 3,100.7 3,105.6

North Carolina 1,045.7 1,050.5 1,052.2

North Dakota 92.5 93.1 93.1

Ohio 1,603.5 1,605.6 1,611.0

Oklahoma 429.5 428.4 432.8

Oregon 440.2 443.6 444.2

Pennsylvania 1,896.1 1,894.7 1,902.0

Rhode Island 164.3 164.6 165.7

South Carolina 476.5 477.2 476.1

South Dakota 105.3 105.2 106.1

Tennessee 749.3 754.2 755.5

Texas 2,787.3 2,798.4 2,808.1

Utah 317.7 317.7 319.7

Vermont 92.1 92.1 92.2

Virginia 1,157.1 1,159.4 1,163.0

Washington 798.7 796.6 797.8

West Virginia 231.4 230.4 230.2

Wisconsin 777.7 780.4 781.8

Wyoming 56.7 57.1 57.3

2000

State Mar. Apr.

Government

Alabama 353.8 352.4

Alaska 74.9 74.5

Arizona 364.0 365.1

Arkansas 190.9 189.8

California 2,300.2 2,310.0

Colorado 335.0 334.6

Connecticut 241.0 241.8

Delaware 56.4 56.5

District of Columbia 223.5 223.4

Florida 988.2 993.1

Georgia 597.5 597.3

Hawaii 114.3 114.3

Idaho 107.2 108.9

Illinois 836.4 832.8

Indiana 410.8 410.5

Iowa 243.0 242.4

Kansas 241.6 245.1

Kentucky 308.1 306.3

Louisiana 375.8 374.5

Maine 99.6 98.8

Maryland 447.8 449.4

Massachusetts 420.7 424.4

Michigan 680.3 683.3

Minnesota 395.8 397.2

Mississippi 232.1 232.3

Missouri 429.1 424.5

Montana 81.1 80.1

Nebraska 154.5 153.2

Nevada 120.1 120.9

New Hampshire 83.9 83.5

New Jersey 586.8 586.6

New Mexico 183.9 183.9

New York 1,461.9 1,473.0

North Carolina 611.7 613.7

North Dakota 73.2 73.3

Ohio 779.3 783.6

Oklahoma 287.8 286.9

Oregon 265.8 266.5

Pennsylvania 725.6 726.9

Rhode Island 64.0 64.1

South Carolina 323.1 323.7

South Dakota 70.7 70.4

Tennessee 411.5 395.6

Texas 1,558.9 1,562.3

Utah 183.9 184.2

Vermont 50.0 49.4

Virginia 619.6 621.6

Washington 481.3 481.9

West Virginia 143.5 142.6

Wisconsin 404.4 406.9

Wyoming 61.2 60.9

2000

State May June July

Government

Alabama 360.9 346.9 349.5

Alaska 75.2 74.3 75.2

Arizona 373.5 367.1 369.7

Arkansas 194.3 193.2 192.9

California 2,355.1 2,328.0 2,328.4

Colorado 340.6 335.7 337.2

Connecticut 246.9 244.2 242.1

Delaware 56.9 56.9 56.7

District of Columbia 224.3 224.5 223.9

Florida 1,015.3 996.0 992.4

Georgia 609.2 594.6 605.3

Hawaii 116.2 115.1 115.1

Idaho 111.7 108.4 109.0

Illinois 846.7 844.9 837.6

Indiana 415.6 416.9 416.3

Iowa 246.1 241.3 241.5

Kansas 249.0 249.2 247.9

Kentucky 311.4 310.1 310.6

Louisiana 382.9 375.9 376.5

Maine 101.0 99.9 101.2

Maryland 455.4 453.0 423.8

Massachusetts 431.2 425.5 425.9

Michigan 692.5 689.7 688.3

Minnesota 400.6 396.2 396.4

Mississippi 236.9 234.4 238.5

Missouri 428.1 432.3 421.6

Montana 81.8 79.7 81.3

Nebraska 154.8 155.1 154.3

Nevada 124.5 121.9 121.8

New Hampshire 85.0 83.6 82.4

New Jersey 595.6 589.6 590.0

New Mexico 185.9 182.2 182.8

New York 1,496.6 1,473.6 1,473.4

North Carolina 624.7 627.5 628.7

North Dakota 73.5 73.3 71.2

Ohio 793.6 783.0 786.5

Oklahoma 292.5 290.3 289.1

Oregon 271.7 268.4 269.5

Pennsylvania 740.4 724.7 728.1

Rhode Island 66.0 64.5 65.3

South Carolina 330.3 330.8 326.6

South Dakota 71.1 70.1 69.7

Tennessee 402.9 402.4 403.4

Texas 1,590.4 1,566.5 1,552.8

Utah 186.4 184.3 186.3

Vermont 50.4 49.6 49.7

Virginia 629.4 626.9 628.5

Washington 491.8 483.8 482.3

West Virginia 155.8 142.4 143.8

Wisconsin 407.7 410.5 405.3

Wyoming 61.1 60.5 62.1

2000

State Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov.

Government

Alabama 355.3 355.1 351.7 351.4

Alaska 74.9 74.6 74.5 74.4

Arizona 368.5 369.1 368.9 371.1

Arkansas 194.3 190.1 190.5 190.9

California 2,334.0 2,327.8 2,330.3 2,335.9

Colorado 342.1 343.8 343.7 344.9

Connecticut 242.3 240.1 241.6 241.9

Delaware 56.2 56.1 57.3 57.5

District of Columbia 230.2 225.2 223.3 222.7

Florida 990.5 993.7 997.6 998.2

Georgia 614.7 607.9 606.5 607.7

Hawaii 111.9 117.3 114.5 114.5

Idaho 108.1 108.0 108.6 108.3

Illinois 843.2 828.4 824.6 819.9

Indiana 414.8 409.0 410.8 411.4

Iowa 241.7 241.8 241.1 241.3

Kansas 247.3 241.6 244.0 246.3

Kentucky 310.2 308.3 308.2 309.6

Louisiana 373.3 373.1 374.2 374.5

Maine 100.1 100.8 100.1 100.7

Maryland 424.6 447.4 449.9 450.9

Massachusetts 421.0 428.3 423.7 424.4

Michigan 684.6 682.4 683.9 685.1

Minnesota 398.9 399.7 396.5 396.1

Mississippi 235.7 235.5 235.1 235.4

Missouri 427.2 422.5 421.1 424.1

Montana 81.8 81.5 80.5 80.6

Nebraska 155.4 153.7 152.5 153.6

Nevada 121.8 121.4 122.2 122.8

New Hampshire 82.5 82.6 82.3 82.4

New Jersey 588.2 589.6 590.3 590.9

New Mexico 183.0 182.9 182.7 182.6

New York 1,448.6 1,463.6 1,460.3 1,460.7

North Carolina 641.6 634.9 631.1 632.5

North Dakota 71.8 73.4 73.5 73.2

Ohio 785.4 784.2 784.8 784.7

Oklahoma 290.2 287.9 287.5 287.9

Oregon 268.8 264.4 264.0 264.1

Pennsylvania 721.8 725.5 727.1 727.9

Rhode Island 64.4 64.5 64.1 64.2

South Carolina 327.0 319.5 318.0 328.3

South Dakota 70.2 70.0 71.0 70.7

Tennessee 402.0 395.1 397.9 398.8

Texas 1,561.9 1,567.4 1,567.4 1,569.6

Utah 185.9 186.0 185.8 186.0

Vermont 49.7 49.5 49.7 49.6

Virginia 631.2 623.1 622.0 622.0

Washington 485.2 481.6 483.0 484.1

West Virginia 142.4 141.6 140.7 141.1

Wisconsin 407.9 402.0 402.0 403.9

Wyoming 61.7 60.6 60.3 60.3

2000 2001

State Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar.(p)

Government

Alabama 351.5 351.9 352.4 351.6

Alaska 74.4 73.9 74.9 75.1

Arizona 370.4 368.4 371.7 371.5

Arkansas 191.0 191.5 192.5 192.8

California 2,342.3 2,345.2 2,347.9 2,354.0

Colorado 349.5 351.6 352.5 353.7

Connecticut 241.7 244.0 244.6 243.6

Delaware 57.8 57.8 58.5 577.0

District of Columbia 223.2 222.8 221.6 221.8

Florida 1,000.1 1,005.4 1,007.1 1,007.8

Georgia 608.6 608.8 613.2 612.2

Hawaii 114.8 111.7 115.8 115.2

Idaho 108.7 109.2 109.5 109.4

Illinois 824.5 828.8 830.4 831.6

Indiana 410.2 409.8 411.7 412.7

Iowa 241.1 241.7 242.3 241.2

Kansas 244.5 245.3 243.8 245.5

Kentucky 310.2 310.0 312.2 312.1

Louisiana 374.5 372.1 374.8 373.3

Maine 100.9 100.4 100.2 99.7

Maryland 451.5 448.5 449.5 449.2

Massachusetts 424.7 425.8 424.7 426.3

Michigan 686.4 691.2 689.8 690.8

Minnesota 397.9 391.7 395.7 394.8

Mississippi 235.8 235.1 235.5 237.8

Missouri 424.4 428.6 429.4 429.0

Montana 80.7 80.9 80.7 80.2

Nebraska 154.3 154.6 154.8 155.9

Nevada 123.6 123.4 124.6 124.2

New Hampshire 81.9 83.4 82.4 81.5

New Jersey 592.2 592.8 595.1 592.9

New Mexico 183.0 181.6 183.2 183.6

New York 1,458.8 1,458.7 1,459.5 1,457.2

North Carolina 634.1 635.3 638.3 642.4

North Dakota 73.4 73.4 73.5 73.0

Ohio 786.2 786.0 789.3 789.4

Oklahoma 287.9 288.5 289.1 289.1

Oregon 264.0 264.7 265.4 265.6

Pennsylvania 727.2 729.7 729.0 731.9

Rhode Island 63.7 63.8 64.0 64.3

South Carolina 318.0 321.7 320.0 320.1

South Dakota 70.8 70.6 70.7 706.0

Tennessee 399.2 399.8 400.6 398.7

Texas 1,574.7 1,576.9 1,581.8 1,584.3

Utah 186.5 187.4 188.2 187.7

Vermont 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.8

Virginia 622.6 621.7 623.8 622.6

Washington 483.9 485.9 458.5 486.6

West Virginia 141.5 139.3 142.6 142.6

Wisconsin 401.2 402.1 408.2 407.9

Wyoming 60.6 60.2 60.7 60.6

(1) Includes mining, not shown separately.

(2) Mining is combined with construction.

(3) This series is not published seasonally adjusted because the

seasonal component, which is small relative to the trend-cycle and

irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.

p = preliminary.

NOTE: All State data currently reflect March 2000 benchmarks levels.

When more recent benchmark data are introduced with the release of

January 2002 estimates, all seasonally adjusted data from January

1997 are subject to revision.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA HOURS SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

B-8. Average weekly hours of production or nonsupervisory workers(1)

on private nonfarm payrolls by major industry and manufacturing

group, seasonally adjusted

2000

Industry Apr. May June July

Total private 34.6 34.4 34.5 34.4

Goods-producing 41.5 40.9 40.9 41.1

Mining 45.3 44.1 44.7 45.3

Construction 39.6 39.2 38.7 39.3

Manufacturing 42.2 41.4 41.6 41.7

Overtime hours 4.9 4.5 4.6 4.6

Durable goods 42.8 42.0 42.2 42.4

Overtime hours 5.1 4.7 4.8 4.7

Lumber and wood products 41.2 40.7 40.8 41.1

Furniture and fixtures 40.6 40.3 39.9 39.7

Stone, clay, and glass products 43.6 43.0 42.9 43.7

Primary metal industries 44.9 43.8 43.9 44.3

Blast furnaces and basic

steel products 45.0 44.7 45.0 45.2

Fabricated metal products 43.0 42.3 42.4 42.6

Industrial machinery and equipment 42.9 42.2 42.5 42.6

Electronic and other electrical

equipment 42.2 41.3 41.4 41.9

Transportation equipment 44.3 43.2 44.0 43.9

Motor vehicles and equipment 45.5 44.2 45.3 44.5

Instruments and related products 41.6 41.2 41.3 41.6

Miscellaneous manfacturing 39.8 39.3 39.4 39.7

Nondurable goods 41.3 40.6 40.7 40.7

Overtime hours 4.6 4.3 4.3 4.3

Food and kindred products 41.9 41.2 41.5 41.2

Tobacco products 40.8 39.6 39.4 40.5

Textile mill products 41.9 41.1 41.1 41.2

Apparel and other textile products 38.0 37.1 37.0 37.3

Paper and allied products 43.6 42.8 42.8 42.4

Printing and publishing 38.5 38.0 38.2 38.1

Chemicals and allied products 42.9 42.7 42.9 43.4

Petroleum and coal products (2) (2) (2) (2)

Rubber and misc. plastics products 42.1 41.3 41.4 41.4

Leather and leather products 38.9 38.2 37.8 37.1

Service-producing 32.8 32.7 32.9 32.7

Transportation and public utilities 38.7 38.4 38.4 38.8

Wholesale trade 38.6 38.6 38.6 38.5

Retail trade 28.8 28.8 29.0 28.8

Finance, insurance, and real estate 36.3 36.2 36.5 36.3

Services 32.7 32.6 32.7 32.5

2000

Industry Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov.

Total private 34.3 34.4 34.4 34.3

Goods-producing 40.8 40.7 40.9 40.5

Mining 44.6 45.2 45.6 44.9

Construction 39.2 39.0 39.3 38.5

Manufacturing 41.4 41.3 41.4 41.2

Overtime hours 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.3

Durable goods 41.9 41.8 41.9 41.7

Overtime hours 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.4

Lumber and wood products 40.4 40.5 40.6 40.6

Furniture and fixtures 39.4 39.4 39.7 39.4

Stone, clay, and glass products 43.2 43.1 43.2 42.7

Primary metal industries 43.7 43.7 43.8 43.6

Blast furnaces and basic

steel products 44.4 44.5 44.2 44.1

Fabricated metal products 42.1 42.0 42.1 41.7

Industrial machinery and equipment 42.2 42.1 42.1 42.0

Electronic and other electrical

equipment 41.0 41.2 41.2 40.9

Transportation equipment 43.4 42.9 43.1 42.9

Motor vehicles and equipment 44.5 43.6 44.0 43.2

Instruments and related products 41.1 41.1 41.2 41.0

Miscellaneous manfacturing 39.4 39.3 39.3 39.1

Nondurable goods 40.6 40.6 40.6 40.4

Overtime hours 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.1

Food and kindred products 41.5 41.4 41.4 41.2

Tobacco products 39.9 40.3 38.9 38.6

Textile mill products 40.7 41.0 40.9 40.5

Apparel and other textile products 36.9 36.8 36.9 36.8

Paper and allied products 42.4 42.7 42.5 42.6

Printing and publishing 37.9 38.1 38.2 38.0

Chemicals and allied products 43.0 42.9 43.0 42.6

Petroleum and coal products (2) (2) (2) (2)

Rubber and misc. plastics products 41.2 41.1 41.1 41.0

Leather and leather products 37.1 37.4 37.4 38.1

Service-producing 32.7 32.8 32.7 32.8

Transportation and public utilities 38.2 38.5 38.6 38.5

Wholesale trade 38.3 38.6 38.5 38.6

Retail trade 28.8 28.8 28.8 28.9

Finance, insurance, and real estate 36.1 36.3 36.1 36.1

Services 32.6 32.6 32.6 32.6

2000 2001

Industry Dec. Jan. Feb.

Total private 34.1 34.3 34.2

Goods-producing 39.8 40.4 40.0

Mining 44.6 45.2 44.9

Construction 37.9 38.9 38.0

Manufacturing 40.4 40.9 40.7

Overtime hours 3.9 4.1 3.9

Durable goods 40.7 41.1 41.0

Overtime hours 3.9 4.0 3.8

Lumber and wood products 39.8 39.7 40.3

Furniture and fixtures 38.8 39.1 39.3

Stone, clay, and glass products 41.7 42.4 42.2

Primary metal industries 42.5 42.6 42.2

Blast furnaces and basic

steel products 43.2 43.0 42.8

Fabricated metal products 40.6 41.4 41.3

Industrial machinery and equipment 41.2 41.9 41.5

Electronic and other electrical

equipment 40.4 40.6 40.5

Transportation equipment 40.8 41.5 41.2

Motor vehicles and equipment 40.1 40.9 40.5

Instruments and related products 40.4 40.7 40.6

Miscellaneous manfacturing 38.8 39.3 39.1

Nondurable goods 40.0 40.5 40.2

Overtime hours 3.9 4.1 3.9

Food and kindred products 40.7 41.3 41.1

Tobacco products 38.6 38.8 39.1

Textile mill products 40.5 40.5 39.9

Apparel and other textile products 36.3 36.5 36.1

Paper and allied products 41.9 42.7 42.6

Printing and publishing 37.7 38.1 37.9

Chemicals and allied products 42.4 43.0 42.8

Petroleum and coal products (2) (2) (2)

Rubber and misc. plastics products 40.1 40.9 40.4

Leather and leather products 37.1 38.0 37.5

Service-producing 32.7 32.8 32.8

Transportation and public utilities 38.7 38.7 38.4

Wholesale trade 38.4 38.5 38.3

Retail trade 28.7 29.1 28.9

Finance, insurance, and real estate 36.2 36.2 36.3

Services 32.6 32.6 32.7

2001

Industry Mar.(p) Apr.(p)

Total private 34.3 34.3

Goods-producing 40.4 40.3

Mining 45.9 46.2

Construction 39.1 38.8

Manufacturing 40.7 40.7

Overtime hours 3.8 3.8

Durable goods 41.0 41.0

Overtime hours 3.8 3.8

Lumber and wood products 40.3 39.9

Furniture and fixtures 38.9 39.0

Stone, clay, and glass products 42.6 42.5

Primary metal industries 42.1 42.4

Blast furnaces and basic

steel products 42.9 42.7

Fabricated metal products 41.2 41.4

Industrial machinery and equipment 41.5 41.4

Electronic and other electrical

equipment 40.3 40.2

Transportation equipment 41.8 41.8

Motor vehicles and equipment 41.2 41.5

Instruments and related products 40.7 40.8

Miscellaneous manfacturing 39.0 39.2

Nondurable goods 40.3 40.2

Overtime hours 3.9 3.8

Food and kindred products 41.2 41.1

Tobacco products 38.2 38.8

Textile mill products 40.0 39.3

Apparel and other textile products 36.4 36.0

Paper and allied products 42.8 42.5

Printing and publishing 37.7 37.7

Chemicals and allied products 42.8 42.9

Petroleum and coal products (2) (2)

Rubber and misc. plastics products 40.4 40.5

Leather and leather products 37.6 38.0

Service-producing 32.8 32.8

Transportation and public utilities 38.3 38.5

Wholesale trade 38.6 38.4

Retail trade 28.9 28.9

Finance, insurance, and real estate 36.3 36.5

Services 32.7 32.7

(1) Data relate to production workers in mining and manufacturing;

construction workers in construction; and nonsupervisory workers in

transportation and public utilities; wholesale and retail trade;

finance, insurance, and real estate; and services.

(2) This series is not published seasonally adjusted because the

seasonal components, which are small relative to the trend-cycle

and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient

precision.

(p) = preliminary.

NOTE: Establishment survey estimates are currently projected from

March 1999 benchmark levels. When more recent benchmark data are

introduced, all seasonally adjusted data from January 1996 forward

are subject to revision.

B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours of production or

nonsupervisory workers(1) on private nonfarm payrolls by

major industry and manufacturing group, seasonally adjusted

(1982=100)

2000

Industry Apr. May June

Total private 151.7 150.5 151.3

Goods-producing 118.3 116.3 116.3

Mining 52.2 50.7 51.4

Construction 186.3 183.6 181.4

Manufacturing 107.9 106.0 106.4

Durable goods 113.1 111.2 111.8

Lumber and wood products 147.9 146.1 145.8

Furniture and fixtures 141.4 140.9 139.5

Stone, clay, and glass products 116.2 114.6 114.1

Primary metal industries 93.3 91.0 91.0

Blast furnaces and basic steel

products 71.5 70.6 70.7

Fabricated metal products 123.0 121.2 121.9

Industrial machinery and equipment 106.2 104.5 105.7

Electronic and other electrical

equipment 109.6 107.1 107.8

Transportation equipment 126.7 123.6 125.9

Motor vehicles and equipment 171.7 166.4 171.2

Instruments and related products 74.7 74.0 74.3

Miscellaneous manfacturing 103.0 100.2 100.1

Nondurable goods 100.7 98.9 99.0

Food and kindred products 118.4 116.3 117.3

Tobacco products 50.5 49.0 48.8

Textile mill products 80.6 78.7 78.6

Apparel and other textile products 59.2 57.2 56.1

Paper and allied products 106.7 104.8 105.2

Printing and publishing 123.2 121.7 122.4

Chemicals and allied products 102.7 102.1 102.0

Petroleum and coal products 66.6 64.0 62.9

Rubber and misc. plastics products 149.3 146.8 147.6

Leather and leather products 32.9 32.3 31.9

Service-producing 166.6 165.9 167.0

Transportation and public utilities 137.3 136.1 136.4

Wholesale trade 133.0 133.1 133.0

Retail trade 144.9 143.9 145.3

Finance, insurance, and real estate 139.3 138.7 139.8

Services 208.6 207.9 209.5

2000

Industry July Aug. Sept.

Total private 151.4 150.9 151.4

Goods-producing 117.4 115.8 115.6

Mining 51.9 50.8 51.4

Construction 184.1 183.3 184.2

Manufacturing 107.2 105.3 104.9

Durable goods 113.0 110.6 110.0

Lumber and wood products 146.7 142.9 142.6

Furniture and fixtures 140.1 136.9 136.6

Stone, clay, and glass products 117.3 114.9 114.4

Primary metal industries 91.9 90.4 89.8

Blast furnaces and basic steel

products 71.4 70.1 69.9

Fabricated metal products 123.3 121.1 120.3

Industrial machinery and equipment 106.5 105.4 104.3

Electronic and other electrical

equipment 110.4 108.1 108.2

Transportation equipment 125.7 120.7 119.8

Motor vehicles and equipment 167.7 161.3 159.5

Instruments and related products 75.2 74.2 73.8

Miscellaneous manfacturing 100.9 100.1 99.9

Nondurable goods 99.4 98.2 97.9

Food and kindred products 117.1 116.3 115.5

Tobacco products 50.2 43.5 49.9

Textile mill products 78.9 77.5 77.5

Apparel and other textile products 57.3 55.5 54.9

Paper and allied products 103.8 103.6 104.3

Printing and publishing 122.7 122.0 122.7

Chemicals and allied products 103.2 101.7 101.1

Petroleum and coal products 64.6 63.0 61.5

Rubber and misc. plastics products 148.5 146.1 145.0

Leather and leather products 31.9 31.4 31.0

Service-producing 166.6 166.7 167.5

Transportation and public utilities 138.7 135.1 138.5

Wholesale trade 132.6 132.2 133.3

Retail trade 144.7 144.6 144.4

Finance, insurance, and real estate 139.2 138.8 139.9

Services 208.4 210.0 210.5

2000

Industry Oct. Nov. Dec.

Total private 151.6 151.5 150.6

Goods-producing 116.1 114.7 112.2

Mining 52.2 51.1 50.6

Construction 186.4 181.4 178.1

Manufacturing 105.0 104.3 101.9

Durable goods 110.2 109.7 106.7

Lumber and wood products 142.3 141.3 137.6

Furniture and fixtures 137.0 135.6 132.6

Stone, clay, and glass products 114.6 112.8 108.7

Primary metal industries 90.0 89.4 86.2

Blast furnaces and basic steel

products 69.0 68.9 66.7

Fabricated metal products 120.6 119.6 116.0

Industrial machinery and equipment 104.6 104.4 102.6

Electronic and other electrical

equipment 108.2 108.0 107.1

Transportation equipment 120.9 120.4 113.7

Motor vehicles and equipment 161.0 157.0 144.4

Instruments and related products 73.6 73.8 72.9

Miscellaneous manfacturing 99.5 99.0 97.9

Nondurable goods 97.9 97.0 95.4

Food and kindred products 116.6 115.6 114.2

Tobacco products 48.2 47.8 47.8

Textile mill products 77.2 75.4 74.7

Apparel and other textile products 54.5 54.0 52.8

Paper and allied products 103.6 103.4 101.3

Printing and publishing 122.8 121.5 120.2

Chemicals and allied products 101.0 100.3 99.4

Petroleum and coal products 62.0 61.0 58.2

Rubber and misc. plastics products 144.5 143.6 139.3

Leather and leather products 30.5 31.0 29.6

Service-producing 167.6 168.0 167.9

Transportation and public utilities 139.2 139.2 140.4

Wholesale trade 133.3 134.0 133.2

Retail trade 144.6 145.4 144.4

Finance, insurance, and real estate 139.5 139.8 140.3

Services 210.5 210.9 211.0

2001

Industry Jan. Feb.

Total private 151.9 151.3

Goods-producing 114.6 112.8

Mining 51.8 51.6

Construction 188.5 183.2

Manufacturing 102.6 101.5

Durable goods 107.0 106.1

Lumber and wood products 136.2 137.4

Furniture and fixtures 132.7 131.9

Stone, clay, and glass products 112.0 110.7

Primary metal industries 85.3 83.8

Blast furnaces and basic steel

products 64.8 64.5

Fabricated metal products 116.8 115.4

Industrial machinery and equipment 104.0 103.0

Electronic and other electrical

equipment 106.9 105.7

Transportation equipment 112.8 112.3

Motor vehicles and equipment 142.1 141.5

Instruments and related products 73.4 73.1

Miscellaneous manfacturing 98.4 96.8

Nondurable goods 96.6 95.2

Food and kindred products 116.4 116.0

Tobacco products 46.1 44.5

Textile mill products 73.9 71.6

Apparel and other textile products 53.5 51.7

Paper and allied products 103.5 102.4

Printing and publishing 121.5 120.3

Chemicals and allied products 100.5 99.2

Petroleum and coal products 61.5 62.4

Rubber and misc. plastics products 140.8 138.0

Leather and leather products 29.8 28.8

Service-producing 168.7 168.6

Transportation and public utilities 140.4 139.5

Wholesale trade 133.5 132.4

Retail trade 146.5 146.1

Finance, insurance, and real estate 140.7 141.4

Services 211.3 211.9

2001

Industry Mar.(p) Apr.(p)

Total private 151.7 151.3

Goods-producing 113.7 112.5

Mining 53.3 53.8

Construction 189.8 186.0

Manufacturing 101.1 100.3

Durable goods 105.4 104.7

Lumber and wood products 136.4 134.8

Furniture and fixtures 129.6 129.3

Stone, clay, and glass products 111.0 110.2

Primary metal industries 82.8 82.8

Blast furnaces and basic steel

products 63.9 63.2

Fabricated metal products 114.0 113.5

Industrial machinery and equipment 102.1 100.5

Electronic and other electrical

equipment 104.6 102.6

Transportation equipment 113.3 113.7

Motor vehicles and equipment 142.8 144.0

Instruments and related products 72.9 73.1

Miscellaneous manfacturing 96.2 95.2

Nondurable goods 95.1 94.4

Food and kindred products 116.2 116.2

Tobacco products 45.4 48.0

Textile mill products 71.1 69.2

Apparel and other textile products 51.8 50.4

Paper and allied products 102.9 101.7

Printing and publishing 119.2 118.3

Chemicals and allied products 99.2 99.0

Petroleum and coal products 62.1 65.7

Rubber and misc. plastics products 137.1 136.8

Leather and leather products 28.9 28.0

Service-producing 168.7 168.7

Transportation and public utilities 139.4 140.2

Wholesale trade 133.1 132.3

Retail trade 145.6 146.0

Finance, insurance, and real estate 141.7 142.7

Services 212.2 211.6

(1) Data relate to production workers in mining and manufacturing;

construction workers in construction; and nonsupervisory workers in

transportation and public utilities; wholesale and retail trade;

finance, insurance, and real estate; and services,

(p) = preliminary.

NOTE: Establishment survey estimates are currently projected from

March 1999 benchmark levels. When more recent benchmark data are

introduced, all seasonally adjusted data from January 1996 forward

are subject to revision.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA ALL-EMPLOYMENT HOURS SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

B-10. Hours of wage and salary workers on nonfarm payrolls by

major industry, seasonally adjusted

Millions of hours

(annual rate)(1)

Feb. March April

Industry 2001(r) 2001(r) 2001(p)

Total 240,340 240,796 239,554

Private sector 201,580 202,162 201,777

Mining 1,288 1,318 1,342

Construction 13,611 14,037 13,800

Manufacturing 38,624 38,479 38,238

Durable goods 23,375 23,261 23,104

Nondurable goods 15,249 15,219 15,135

Transportation and public utilities 14,204 14,164 14,253

Wholesale trade 14,085 14,191 14,109

Retail trade 35,098 35,029 35,062

Finance, insurance, and real estate 14,465 14,486 14,752

Services 70,206 70,457 70,219

Government 38,760 38,634 37,778

Percent change

April 2000 Feb. 2001

to to

Industry April 2001(p) March 2001(r)

Total -0.8 0.2

Private sector -.2 .3

Mining 5.2 2.4

Construction .1 3.1

Manufacturing -5.3 -.4

Durable goods -5.7 -.5

Nondurable goods -4.6 -.2

Transportation and public utilities 1.2 -.3

Wholesale trade -.4 .8

Retail trade .9 -.2

Finance, insurance, and real estate 2.3 .1

Services 1.4 .4

Government -4.2 -.3

Percent change

March 2001

to

Industry April 2001(p)

Total -0.5

Private sector -.2

Mining 1.8

Construction -1.7

Manufacturing -.6

Durable goods -.7

Nondurable goods -.6

Transportation and public utilities .6

Wholesale trade -.6

Retail trade .1

Finance, insurance, and real estate 1.8

Services -.3

Government -2.2

(1) Total hours paid for 1 week in the month, seasonally adjusted,

multiplied by 52.

(p) = preliminary.

(r) = revised.

NOTE: Data refer to hours of all employees–production

workers, nonsupervisory workers, and salaried workers–and

are based largely on establishment data. See BLS Handbook of

Methods, BLS Bulletin 2490, chapter 10, “Productivity Measures:

Business Sector and Major Subsectors”.

SOURCE: Office of Productivity and Technology (202–691-5606).

Historical data for this series also are available on the Internet

at the following address:

ftp://ftp.bls.gov/pub/special.requests/opt/tableb10.txt

COPYRIGHT 2001 U.S. Department of Labor

COPYRIGHT 2004 Gale Group