U.S. International Services – trade statistics

U.S. International Services – trade statistics – Statistical Data Included

Michael A. Mann

Cross-Border Trade in 1999 and Sales Through Affiliates in 1998

In 1999, exports and imports of U.S. private services both grew 4 percent (table A). For exports, the growth rate was faster than the 1998 rate of 2 percent. The pickup reflected a turnaround in exports to the Asia and Pacific area, primarily in travel and passenger fares and in “other transportation,” that was attributable to improving economic conditions in several Asian countries. For imports, the growth rate was slower than the 1998 rate of 10 percent. The slowdown was largely due to a sharp falloff in net payments for insurance services. Excluding insurance, imports grew 8 percent, slightly lower than the 9-percent rate in 1998, reflecting the continuing strength of the U.S. economy.

Table A.–Sales of Services to Foreign and U.S. Markets Through Cross-Border Trade and Through Affiliates

Through cross-border Through nonbank

trade(1) majority-owned affiliates

Sales to Sales to

U.S. U.S. foreign U.S.

exports imports persons by persons by

(receipts) (payments) foreign U.S.

affiliates of affiliates of

U.S. foreign

companies(2) companies

Billions of dollars

1986 77.5 64.7 60.5 n.a.

1987 87.0 73.9 72.3 62.6

1988 101.0 81.0 83.8 73.2

1989 117.9 85.3 99.2 94.2

1990 137.2 98.2 121.3 109.2

1981 152.4 99.9 131.6 119.5

1992 163.7 100.4 140.6 128.0

1993 171.6 107.9 142.6 134.7

1994 187.4 119.1 159.1 145.4

1995 203.8 128.8 190.1 149.7

1996 222.6 137.1 223.2 168.4

1997 239.4 152.0 255.3 (3)223.1

1998 244.1 167.6 309.0 255.1

1999 254.7 174.8 n.a n.a.

Percent change from prior year

1987 12.2 14.2 19.5 …

1988 16.0 9.5 15.9 17.0

1989 16.8 5.3 18.4 28.7

1990 16.4 15.1 22.2 15.9

1991 11.1 1.8 8.5 9.5

1993 4.8 7.5 1.5 5.3

1994 9.2 10.3 11.6 8.0

1995 8.8 8.1 19.4 2.9

1996 9.3 6.5 17.4 12.5

1997 7.6 10.9 14.4 (3)

1998 1.9 10.2 21.0 14.4

1999 4.3 4.3 n.a. n.a.

n.a. Not available.

(1.) The estimates for 1986-98 are revised from those published in last year’s article in this series. See Christopher L. Bach, “U.S. International Transactions, Revised Estimates for 1982-99,” SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS 80 (July 2000): 70-77.

(2.) The figures shown in this column for 1986-88 have been adjusted, for the purposes of this article, to be consistent with those for 1989 forward, which reflect definitional and methodological improvements made in the 1989 Benchmark Survey of U.S. Direct investment Abroad. The primary improvement was that investment income of affiliates in finance and insurance was excluded from sales of services. The adjustment was made by assuming that investment income of finance and insurance affiliates in 1986-88 accounted for the same share of sales of services plus investment income as in 1989.

(3.) A discontinuity exists between 1996 and 1997 due to a change in the definition of sales of services by U.S. affiliates. See the box “Definition of Sales of Services by Affiliates.”

U.S. services exports continue to exceed imports: In 1999, the U.S. surplus on services was $79.8 billion, $3.3 billion larger than in 1998. The surpluson services contrasts sharply with the U.S. deficit on goods, which expanded $98.7 billion to a record $345.6 billion.

For services sold through majority-owned affiliates of multinational companies, U.S. sales exceeded U.S. purchases in 1998–the most recent year for which data are available. Sales of services abroad by foreign affiliates of U.S. companies were $309.0 billion, while sales of services in the United States by U.S. affiliates of foreign companies were $255.1 billion.(1)

In 1998, sales of services by foreign affiliates grew 21 percent, and sales of services by U.S. affiliates grew 14 percent. The strong growth in both series largely reflected a global boom in merger and acquisition activity, as both U.S. and foreign multinational companies stepped up their acquisitions of firms outside their home countries. The stronger growth in sales by foreign affiliates reflects a greater concentration of acquisitions of foreign companies in services-producing industries by U.S. investors than by foreign investors of services-producing companies in the United States.

This article presents detailed estimates of U.S. cross-border exports and imports of private services and of U.S. sales of services through, and purchases of services from, nonbank majority-owned affiliates of multinational companies. Cross-border exports and imports are transactions between U.S. residents and foreign residents; they represent international trade in the conventional sense and are recorded, in summary form, in the U.S. international transactions accounts.(2) Sales of services through nonbank majority-owned affiliates of multinational companies represent services sold in international markets through the channel of direct investment (see the box “Channels of Delivery of Services Sold in International Markets” on page 122).(3) The estimates are drawn from larger data sets on affiliate operations that are presented in annual articles on the operations of U.S. multinational companies and of U.S. affiliates of foreign companies.(4)

In 1998, services delivered through nonbank majority-owned affiliates again exceeded those delivered through cross-border trade. Sales by foreign affiliates have exceeded exports since 1996, and sales by U.S. affiliates have exceeded imports since 1989 (chart 1). The relative importance of these channels of delivery in 1998 is shown for major geographic areas in chart 2 and for selected countries in chart 3. For specific types of services, however, the relative importance of the two channels is difficult to gauge because the available data on U.S. cross-border trade are generally classified by type of service, whereas the data on sales of services through affiliates are classified by primary industry of the affiliate.

[Charts 1-3 OMITTED]

The remainder of this article is presented in two parts. The first part discusses cross-border trade, and it presents preliminary estimates for 1999 and revised estimates for 1986-98. The second part discusses sales through majority-owned affiliates, and it presents preliminary estimates for 1998 and revised estimates for 1997.

U.S. Cross-Border Trade in 1999

In 1999, U.S. exports of private services (receipts) increased 4 percent, to $254.7 billion, following a 2-percent increase in 1998. U.S. imports of private services (payments) increased 4 percent, to $174.8 billion, following a 10-percent increase in 1998.

Percent change from prior year

Exports Imports

1998 1999 1998 1999

Private services 2 4 10 4

Travel -3 5 9 5

Passenger fares -4 -2 10 7

Other transportation -5 6 5 12

Royalties and license fees 8 1 22 13

Other private services 8 6 13 -5

The pickup in exports of private services was primarily attributable to improving economic conditions in several Asian countries. In 1998, recessionary conditions in these countries–which reflected sharp reductions in real income, asset values, and access to capital–had adversely affected many of the services accounts. In 1999, improving conditions led to a sharp turnaround.

Despite the sharp turnaround in Asia, the 4-percent growth rate in exports in 1999 was less than half the average growth rate for 1994-97. The growth rate in 1999 reflected a falloff in passenger fare receipts, as more foreigners traveled on foreign airlines rather than U.S. airlines, a falloff in receipts of U.S. parents from their foreign affiliates in Europe, and a slowdown in travel receipts from overseas visitors that reflected the appreciation of the U.S. dollar against the currencies of many of the key trading partners of the United States.

By area, exports to Asia and Pacific increased 5 percent, following a 10-percent decrease in 1998. The combined exports of services to the five countries that were most affected by the financial problems–South Korea, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and Hong Kong–increased 4 percent in 1999, following a 20-percent decrease.

The turnaround in exports to the Asian and Pacific area was mostly attributable to travel and passenger fares and to “other transportation.” Travel and passenger fare receipts increased, primarily reflecting a pickup in the number of visitors from Asia to the United States after a sharp decline in 1998; however, the 6.9 million visitors in 1999 was still well below the record 7.8 million in 1997. “Other transportation” receipts increased 17 percent in 1999, following a 15-percent decrease in 1998; the turnaround, which resulted from a pickup in shipments on U.S. carriers, was consistent with the renewed demand for goods by Asian economies.

In contrast, exports to Europe slowed in 1999, reflecting slower economic growth in several major European countries. Real GDP growth rates slowed in the United Kingdom, Germany and France–the top three European trading partners of the United States.

The slowdown in the growth of imports was primarily attributable to a sharp falloff in net payments for insurance services in 1999.(5) Premiums paid on primary insurance and on reinsurance in 1999 were little changed from 1998, but losses recovered on reinsurance increased more than 50 percent, thereby lowering net payments. The increase was attributable to a large number of weather-related events and other events in the property and casualty market both in the United States and abroad.

Despite the strong dampening effect of the developments in insurance services, imports of services continued to increase in 1999, reflecting the continued strong growth of the U.S. economy; real GDP grew 4.2 percent in 1999 and 4.4 percent in 1998. Excluding insurance, imports increased 8 percent in 1999, following a 9-percent increase in 1998. Imports from Europe slowed substantially, reflecting slowdowns in “other private services” and in travel and passenger fares, while imports from the Asia and Pacific area, largely “other transportation,” increased much more rapidly in 1999 than in 1998.

Europe and Asia and Pacific together accounted for two-thirds of total U.S. cross-border exports and for two-thirds of total U.S. cross-border imports of private services in 1999 (chart 4). Seven countries–the United Kingdom, Japan, Canada, Germany, Mexico, France, and the Netherlands–accounted for nearly half of both total U.S. exports and total U.S. imports of services; they also accounted for half of the increase in exports of private services and for two-fifths of the increase in imports of private services (table B).

[Chart 4 OMITTED]

Table B.–Cross-Border Service Exports and Imports by Type and Country, 1999

[Millions of dollars]

Total Travel Pas-

services senger

fares

Exports

All countries 254,665 74,881 19,776

12 major countries(1) 150,956 44,735 13,242

Japan 30,498 9,711 3,585

United Kingdom 27,224 8,398 2,535

Canada 21,134 6,670 1,540

Germany 15,326 4,398 1,287

Mexico 12,544 4,112 952

France 9,821 2,330 1,002

Netherlands 8,398 1,216 352

Brazil 5,494 2,034 837

Korea, Republic of 5,339 1,251 20

Italy 5,300 1,691 517

Austraia 5,021 1,735 520

Taiwan 4,860 1,189 95

Other countries 103,709 30,146 6,534

Imports

All countries 174,825 59,351 21,405

12 major countries(1) 108,391 33,208 12,710

United Kingdom 23,750 5,457 3,818

Japan 15,692 2,845 858

Canada 15,222 6,135 712

Germany 10,179 2,230 1,685

Mexico 9,783 6,074 960

France 8,027 3,118 805

Bermuda 5,065 416 0

Italy 4,743 2,865 488

Korea, Republic of 4,458 1,244 1,180

Netherlands 3,993 799 800

Hong Kong 3,809 1,225 571

Switzerland 3,670 800 833

Other countries 66,434 26,143 8,695

Other Royal- Other

transpor- ties private

tation and services

licence

fees

Exports

All countries 27,033 36,467 96,508

12 major countries(1) 14,814 24,085 54,080

Japan 3,089 6,054 8,059

United Kingdom 1,719 3,517 11,055

Canada 2,479 1,698 8,749

Germany 1,037 3,109 5,495

Mexico 690 798 5,992

France 845 2,149 3,495

Netherlands 1,015 2,990 2,823

Brazil 480 514 1,629

Korea, Republic of 1,477 947 1,644

Italy 379 963 1,750

Austraia 360 721 1,685

Taiwan 1,244 627 1,705

Other countries 12,219 12,382 42,428

Imports

All countries 34,137 13,275 46,657

12 major countries(1) 18,345 18,345 33,304

United Kingdom 2,507 1,748 10,220

Japan 4,986 3,161 3,842

Canada 3,224 608 4,543

Germany 1,786 1,285 3,193

Mexico 1,070 104 1,575

France 765 895 2,444

Bermuda 0 818 3,831

Italy 536 99 755

Korea, Republic of 1,551 85 398

Netherlands 837 782 775

Hong Kong 789 18 1,206

Switzerland 294 1,221 522

Other countries 15,792 2,451 13,353

(1.) Ranked by trade in dollar amounts. Additional highlights follow for each of the five broad categories of cross-border trade in private services in the U.S. international transactions accounts–travel, passenger fares, other transportation, royalties and license fees, and other private services (for detailed estimates see the tables at the end of the article).(6)

Travel

Travel receipts increased 5 percent in 1999, to $74.9 billion, following a 3-percent decrease in 1998. The turnaround was primarily attributable to improving economic conditions in Asia, but developments in Canada also contributed. Purchases by Canadian travelers in the United States increased in 1999, following a sharp decrease in 1998. This turnaround reflected a pickup in real economic growth in Canada to 4.2 percent from 3.1 percent and the relative stability of the Canadian dollar against the U.S. dollar. In 1998, the Canadian dollar had depreciated sharply against the U.S. dollar, which increased the cost of U.S. travel to Canadian residents and reduced Canadian travelers’ expenditures.

Travel payments increased 5 percent in 1999, to $59.4 billion, following a 9-percent increase in 1998. The growth in payments for overseas travel (travel for destinations other than Canada and Mexico) slowed as average expenditures by U.S. travelers abroad were virtually unchanged after increasing 2 percent; the number of U.S. travelers overseas increased by roughly the same amount in both years. In 1999, half the increase in the number of travelers was to Western Europe. Payments to Mexico decreased 5 percent, to $6.1 billion, following a 1-percent decrease. The decrease in 1999 was primarily attributable to a falloff in payments in the Mexican border area.

Passenger fares

Passenger fare receipts decreased 2 percent in 1999, to $19.8 billion, following a 4-percent decrease in 1998. Receipts continued to fall as more foreigners traveled on foreign airlines rather than on U.S. airlines.

Passenger fare payments increased 7 percent in 1999, to $21.4 billion, following a 10-percent increase in 1998.

Other transportation

Receipts for “other transportation” increased 6 percent in 1999, to $27.0 billion, following a 5-percent decrease in 1998 that was only the second sizable annual decrease in the past 30 years. The increase reflected a substantial increase in ocean port services receipts that was primarily attributable to an increase in the volume of goods transported to and from the United States by foreign-operated liner vessels. The decrease in 1998 was largely attributable to depressed export volumes to Asia as a result of recessionary conditions there.

Payments for “other transportation” increased 12 percent in 1999, to $34.1 billion, following a 5-percent increase in 1998. The sharp pickup resulted from a strong increase in goods imports from all major geographic areas. Ocean freight payments surged as a result of the higher import volumes and higher freight rates, particularly on imports from Asia. Port services payments abroad also increased, largely reflecting an increase in airport services payments that resulted from increases in both export and import volumes and from higher prices for jet fuel.

Royalties and license fees

Receipts from royalties and license fees increased 1 percent in 1999, to $36.5 billion, following an 8-percent increase in 1998. The smaller increase in 1999 was partly attributable to a falloff in receipts by U.S. parents from their European affiliates in the industrial machinery and wholesale trade industries. Affiliated royalties and license fees receipts decreased 2 percent in 1999, following an 8-percent increase in 1998. The increase in 1998 was largely generated by strong sales of new products by foreign affiliates of U.S.-parent companies, particularly in the pharmaceutical industry. Unaffiliated royalties and license fees receipts continued to increase steadily.

Payments of royalties and license fees increased 13 percent in 1999, to $13.3 billion, following a 22-percent increase in 1998. Payments to unaffiliated foreigners increased 4 percent, following a 23-percent increase. The increase in 1999 represented a return to a more normal rate of growth after the substantial increase in 1998 that was largely due to payments to the International Olympic Committee (IOC) for broadcast rights to the Winter Olympic Games. Excluding the payments to the IOC, unaffiliated royalties and license fees payments increased about 10 percent in 1998 and 16 percent in 1999.

Other private services

“Other private services” receipts increased 6 percent in 1999, to $96.5 billion, following an 8-percent increase in 1998. The slowdown was primarily attributable to unaffiliated services receipts, mainly receipts in telecommunications and “other unaffiliated services”; affiliated receipts changed little. Telecommunications receipts decreased 19 percent after a 41-percent increase. The large increase in 1998 reflected the installation of new satellite capacity and the subsequent provision of new satellite services to parts of the Middle East and Europe; the decrease in 1999 largely reflected a reduction in calling rates that more than exceeded the increase in the volume of incoming calls. “Other unaffiliated services” receipts increased 5 percent after a 14-percent increase. The sharp increase in receipts in 1998 was attributable to unusually strong receipts from the showing of major U.S. films abroad.

Financial services receipts increased 24 percent in 1999, following a 10-percent increase in 1998 and a 24-percent increase in 1997. The acceleration in 1999 reflected renewed vigor in foreign activity in U.S. financial markets, as financial markets worldwide stabilized and as expected rates of return on U.S. assets exceeded the expected rates of return on assets abroad. In 1998, activity in U.S. financial markets–and in world financial markets in general–slowed sharply from a strong uptrend in recent years, as instability in financial markets caused foreign companies to reduce or postpone financial transactions, such as issuing new foreign stocks and bonds in the United States and trading in U.S. equity and bond markets.

“Other private services” payments decreased 5 percent in 1999, to $46.7 billion, following a 13-percent increase in 1998. The downturn was accounted for by unaffiliated payments; affiliated payments accelerated slightly. For the unaffiliated component, the downturn was almost entirely accounted for by developments in insurance, mainly the sharp falloff in net payments for reinsurance; telecommunications payments also contributed to the decrease in 1999, as the reduction in calling rates exceeded the increase in the volume of outgoing calls. Excluding these components, unaffiliated payments increased 7 percent in 1999 after increasing 11 percent in 1998.

Sales Through Affiliates in 1998

In 1998, the latest year for which data are available, worldwide sales of private services by U.S. multinational companies through their nonbank, majority-owned foreign affiliates were $323.9 billion, up 20 percent from 1997 (table C).(7) Worldwide sales of services by foreign multinational companies through their nonbank, majority-owned U.S. affiliates were $272.5 billion, up 15 percent. However, the comparison of the two series is affected by the redefinitions that have raised the measure of services sold in the United States by U.S. affiliates of foreign companies (see the box “Definition of Sales of Services by Affiliates”).

Table C.–Sales of Services by U.S. MNC’s Through Their Nonbank MOFA’s and by Foreign MNC’s Through Their Nonbank MOU.S.A’s, 1997-98

[Millions of dollars]

1997 1998

Sales through MOFA’s

Total 269,604 323,918

To affiliated persons 29,828 36,836

To unaffiliated persons 239,776 287,082

To U.S. persons 14,269 14,920

To U.S. parents 10,651 11,359

To unaffiliated U.S. persons 3,618 3,562

To foreign persons 255,335 308,998

To other foreign affiliates 19,177 25,477

To unaffiliated foreign persons 236,158 283,520

Local sales 220,819 266,183

To other foreign affiliates 8,203 9,028

To unaffiliated foreigners 212,616 257,155

Sales to other countries 34,516 42,814

To other foreign affiliates 10,974 16,449

To unaffiliated foreigners 23,542 26,365

Salesthrough MOU.S.A’s

Total 237,578 272,473

To U.S. persons 223,060 255,081

To foreign persons 14,518 17,392

To the foreign parent group 6,057 9,475

To foreign affiliates 552 810

To other foreigners 7,909 7,107

NOTE.—In this table, sales of services through MOFA’s are those typical of establishments in the following SiC-based industries: “Services”; finance (except depository institutions), insurance, and real estate; agricultural, mining, and petroleum services; and transportation, communication and public utilities.

Sales of services through MOU.S.A’s are those typical of establishments in the following NAICS-based industries: Support activities for agriculture and forestry; support activities for oil and gas operations; support activities for mining; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional, scientific, and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and support, waste management, and remediation services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment, and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services.

Depository institutions are excluded from both listings because data are not available.

MNC Multinational company

MOFA Majority-owned foreign affiliate

MOUSA Majority-owned U.S. affiliate

Sales of both goods and services by affiliates are predominantly local transactions. In 1998, 82 percent of worldwide sales of services by foreign affiliates of U.S. companies were transactions with parties in the same country as the affiliate (local sales); the corresponding share for goods was 62 percent. The larger share for services reflects the importance of proximity to the customer in the delivery of services. Sales to parties in other foreign countries accounted for 13 percent of worldwide sales of services by foreign affiliates; sales to parties in the United States (U.S. persons) accounted for only 5 percent of worldwide sales, and over three-fourths of these sales were to the affiliate’s U.S. parent. Partly reflecting the large U.S. market, local sales accounted for 94 percent of sales of services by U.S. affiliates of foreign companies and for an estimated 89 percent of sales of goods.(8)

Sales of services to foreign persons by nonbank foreign affiliates and sales of services to U.S. persons by nonbank U.S. affiliates both represent services delivered to international markets through the channel of direct investment. These sales are shown by country of affiliate or by country of the affiliates’ ultimate beneficial owner (UBO) for 1991-98 in table 8.(9) Sales by primary industry of affiliate cross-classified by country in 1997 and 1998 are shown in table 9 (for foreign affiliates) and tables 10.1 and 10.2 (for U.S. affiliates). In table 9, petroleum-related activities are consolidated in the major industry “petroleum;” in tables 10.1 and 10.2, they are distributed among the NAICS-based industries to which they belong.(10)

Foreign affiliates’ sales to foreign persons

In 1998, sales of private services to foreign persons by majority-owned foreign affiliates of U.S. companies were $309.0 billion. By area, affiliates in Europe accounted for 60 percent of the total; half of the sales by affiliates in Europe were accounted for by affiliates in the United Kingdom. Affiliates in Canada and Japan accounted for 9 percent and 7 percent, respectively, of total sales to foreign persons. By primary industry of the affiliate, more than a third of the total was accounted for by affiliates classified in the “services” division of the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system.(11) Within “services,” affiliates in computer and data processing services had the most sales. However, computer-related services are also likely to have been sold by affiliates in industries that are not classified in “services,” particularly in “computer and office equipment manufacturing” (part of “machinery” in table 9) and in “professional and commercial equipment and supplies” (part of wholesale trade). The combined sales of services to foreigners by affiliates in these three industries exceeded $70 billion in 1998.(12) Sales were also large by affiliates in “other industries” (particularly electric, gas, and sanitary services), in “finance, except depository institutions,” and in insurance.

Foreign affiliates’ sales increased 21 percent in 1998, following a 14-percent increase in 1997. Sales grew strongly despite the weak or negative economic growth in much of Asia and Latin America and despite the appreciation of the U.S. dollar against the currencies of many host countries, which reduced the dollar value of foreign-currency-denominated sales by foreign affiliates.(13) The 1998 increase primarily reflected the sales of newly acquired affiliates. U.S. investors continued to acquire or establish new foreign affiliates at a rapid pace, partly because of favorable economic conditions in Europe, Canada, and Australia. Additionally, several large acquisitions resulted from opportunities created by the privatizations of electric utilities and communications companies abroad.(14)

Affiliates in Europe accounted for nearly three-fourths of the increase in sales of services by foreign affiliates of U.S. companies, and more than half of the increase for Europe was accounted for by affiliates in the United Kingdom. The increase for the United Kingdom ($20.4 billion) primarily reflected the sales of financial firms. Sales by affiliates in Latin America and Other Western Hemisphere rose $9.5 billion; most of this increase was accounted for by affiliates in Brazil, primarily reflecting sales by newly acquired communications companies. Sales by affiliates in Canada, primarily those in public utilities, increased $2.6 billion. Sales by affiliates in Japan, mainly those in finance, increased $1.2 billion.

By SIC-based industry group, almost all of the increase in sales of services by foreign affiliates was accounted for by “services,” by “finance (except depository institutions),” and by “other industries.” For each of these industries, the increase partly reflected acquisitions. The increase in “services” primarily reflected the sales of affiliates that provide computer and data processing services. Most of the increase in finance was accounted for by affiliates in the United Kingdom. The increase in “other industries” was primarily in communications, reflecting sales by newly acquired companies.

U.S. affiliates’ sales in the United States

In 1998, sales of private services to U.S. customers by majority-owned U.S. affiliates of foreign companies were $255.1 billion. By area of the affiliates’ UBO, Europe accounted for the largest share of the total (62 percent), followed by Canada (17 percent), Asia and Pacific (16 percent), and Latin America (3 percent). By country of the affiliates’ UBO, the United Kingdom accounted for the largest share of sales, followed by Canada and Germany.

By NAICS-based industry group, sales were largest in “finance (except depository institutions) and insurance,” followed by “other industries” and information. Most of the sales in finance and insurance were accounted for by affiliates in insurance — particularly those with UBO’s in the United Kingdom, Switzerland, and Canada. Sales in “other industries” were largest by affiliates in transportation and warehousing, in utilities, and in administration, support, and waste management (primarily in employment services). In information, sales were largest in publishing, followed by broadcasting and telecommunications.

U.S. affiliates’ sales of services in the United States increased 14 percent in 1998. The increase primarily reflected net additions to the affiliate universe as a result of a record amount of new direct investments by foreign multinational companies.(15) Acquisition activity by foreign investors was spurred by favorable economic conditions in the United States, Europe, and Canada.(16)

Nearly three-fourths of the increase in affiliates’ sales of services was accounted for by affiliates with UBO’s in Europe. Affiliates with UBO’s in Canada accounted for the rest. Within Europe, the Netherlands and Germany had the largest increases; both increases primarily reflected the sales of services by firms that are classified in goods-producing industries. For the Netherlands, the increase reflected sales by newly acquired firms in petroleum and coal products manufacturing; for Germany, it reflected sales by newly acquired firms in transportation equipment. The increase for Canada was primarily in finance and insurance and in broadcasting and telecommunications, partly reflecting acquisitions.

By industry of affiliate, the largest increases were by affiliates classified in manufacturing and by affiliates in information. In manufacturing, the increase was concentrated in petroleum and coal products and in transportation equipment — reflecting the previously mentioned acquisitions. In information, increases that resulted from acquisitions in broadcasting and telecommunications and in publishing were partly offset by a decrease in motion picture and sound recording that was partly related to selloffs.

Tables 1 through 10 follow.

Table 1.–Private Services Trade by Type, 1986-99

[Millions of dollars]

Exports

1986 1987 1988

Total private services 77,545 87,030 100,971

Travel 20,385 23,563 29,434

Overseas 15,650 18,044 22,313

Canada 2,701 3,309 4,150

Mexico 2,034 2,210 2,971

Passenger fares 5,582 7,003 8,976

Other transportation 15,438 17,027 19,311

Freight 4,864 5,452 6,491

Port services 10,574 11,575 12,820

Royalties and license fees 8,113 10,174 12,139

Affiliated 6,174 7,888 9,493

U.S. parents’ transactions 5,994 7,668 9,238

U.S. affiliates’ transactions 180 220 258

Unaffiliated 1,939 2,286 2,646

Industrial processes n.a. 1,593 1,863

Other n.a. 694 782

Other private services 28,027 29,263 31,111

Affiliated services 8,385 8,494 9,568

U.S. parents’ transactions 5,577 5,658 6,808

U.S. affiliates’ transactions 2,808 2,836 2,760

Unaffiliated services 19,641 20,769 21,544

Education 3,495 3,821 4,142

Financial services 3,301 3,731 3,831

Insurance, net 1,385 1,573 847

Premiums 3,424 3,615 3,534

Losses 2,039 2,042 2,687

Telecommunications 1,827 2,111 2,196

Business, professional, and

technical services 4,813 4,765 5,970

Accounting, auditing, and

bookkeeping services 21 27 37

Advertising 94 109 145

Agricultural services 4 7 4

Computer and data

processing services 985 649 1,198

Construction, engineering,

architectural, and mining

services 759 668 790

Data base and other

information services 124 133 196

Industrial engineering 98 304 278

Installation, maintenance,

and repair of equipment 1,033 1,087 1,276

Legal services 97 147 272

Mailing, reproduction, and

commercial art (D) 22 29

Management of health care

facilities 1 0 (*)

Management, consulting, and

public relations services 306 327 344

Medical services 490 516 541

Miscellaneous disbursements n.a. n.a. n.a.

Operational leasing 384 484 544

Personnel supply services (D) 38 (D)

Research, development, and

testing services 282 177 231

Sports and performing arts 32 11 (D)

Training services 73 60 54

Other business, professional

and technical services(1) n.a. n.a. n.a.

Other unaffiliated services(2) 4,821 4,769 4,558

Exports

1989 1990 1991

Total private services 117,935 137,232 152,437

Travel 36,205 43,007 48,385

Overseas 26,938 30,807 34,518

Canada 5,340 7,083 8,500

Mexico 3,927 5,107 5,367

Passenger fares 10,657 15,298 15,854

Other transportation 20,526 22,042 22,631

Freight 7,209 8,379 8,651

Port services 13,318 13,662 13,979

Royalties and license fees 13,818 16,634 17,819

Affiliated 10,961 13,250 14,106

U.S. parents’ transactions 10,612 12,867 13,523

U.S. affiliates’ transactions 349 383 583

Unaffiliated 2,857 3,384 3,712

Industrial processes 1,947 23,331 2,435

Other 910 1,052 1,277

Other private services 36,729 40,251 47,748

Affiliated services 12,295 13,622 14,538

U.S. parents’ transactions 9,117 9,532 9,975

U.S. affiliates’ transactions 3,179 4,090 4,563

Unaffiliated services 24,433 26,629 33,210

Education 4,575 5,126 5,679

Financial services 5,036 4,417 5,012

Insurance, net 103 230 491

Premiums 3,117 3,388 3,365

Losses 3,015 3,158 2,874

Telecommunications 2,519 2,735 3,291

Business, professional, and

technical services 6,823 7,752 12,045

Accounting, auditing, and

bookkeeping services 124 119 168

Advertising 145 130 274

Agricultural services 3 4 56

Computer and data

processing services 978 1,031 1,738

Construction, engineering,

architectural, and mining

services 939 867 1,478

Data base and other

information services 205 283 442

Industrial engineering 219 473 363

Installation, maintenance,

and repair of equipment 1,717 2,031 2,574

Legal services 397 451 1,309

Mailing, reproduction, and

commercial art 9 8 18

Management of health care

facilities 0 0 22

Management, consulting, and

public relations services 300 354 870

Medical services 588 630 672

Miscellaneous disbursements n.a. n.a. 89

Operational leasing 671 801 796

Personnel supply services 2 1 160

Research, development, and

testing services 375 384 602

Sports and performing arts 43 47 71

Training services 109 138 345

Other business, professional

and technical services(1) n.a. n.a. n.a.

Other unaffiliated services(2) 5,378 6,369 6,693

Exports

1992 1993 1994

Total private services 163,688 171,588 187,357

Travel 54,742 57,875 58,417

Overseas 40,864 45,298 47,299

Canada 8,182 7,458 6,252

Mexico 5,696 5,119 4,866

Passenger fares 16,618 16,528 16,997

Other transportation 21,531 21,958 23,754

Freight 8,441 8,594 9,575

Port services 13,088 13,364 14,180

Royalties and license fees 20,841 21,695 29,712

Affiliated 15,659 15,688 20,275

U.S. parents’ transactions 14,925 14,936 19,250

U.S. affiliates’ transactions 733 752 1,025

Unaffiliated 5,183 6,007 6,437

Industrial processes 2,525 2,820 3,026

Other 2,657 3,187 3,411

Other private services 49,956 53,532 61,477

Affiliated services 16,823 16,813 19,825

U.S. parents’ transactions 10,479 10,902 13,313

U.S. affiliates’ transactions 6,344 5,911 6,512

Unaffiliated services 33,134 36,718 41,652

Education 6,186 6,738 7,174

Financial services 4,034 4,999 5,763

Insurance, net 682 1,020 1,676

Premiums 3,852 3,081 4,921

Losses 3,170 2,961 3,245

Telecommunications 2,885 2,785 2,865

Business, professional, and

technical services 11,722 12,958 15,330

Accounting, auditing, and

bookkeeping services 164 164 132

Advertising 315 338 487

Agricultural services 54 47 30

Computer and data

processing services 776 986 1,306

Construction, engineering,

architectural, and mining

services 1,935 2,407 2,474

Data base and other

information services 641 694 1,026

Industrial engineering 212 268 575

Installation, maintenance,

and repair of equipment 2,744 2,978 3,497

Legal services 1,358 1,442 1,617

Mailing, reproduction, and

commercial art 14 12 10

Management of health care

facilities 22 19 18

Management, consulting, and

public relations services 728 826 1,134

Medical services 708 750 794

Miscellaneous disbursements 97 222 222

Operational leasing 854 834 925

Personnel supply services 127 113 85

Research, development, and

testing services 611 464 522

Sports and performing arts 43 77 86

Training services 320 319 388

Other business, professional

and technical services(1) n.a. n.a. n.a.

Other unaffiliated services(2) 7,625 8,220 8,845

Exports

1995 1996 1997

Total private services 203,768 222,633 239,444

Travel 63,395 69,809 73,426

Overseas 54,331 59,963 63,041

Canada 6,207 6,642 6,945

Mexico 2,857 3,004 3,440

Passenger fares 18,909 20,422 20,868

Other transportation 26,081 26,074 27,006

Freight 11,273 11,146 11,789

Port services 14,809 14,929 15,217

Royalties and license fees 30,289 32,470 33,639

Affiliated 22,859 24,556 24,876

U.S. parents’ transactions 21,399 22,719 23,091

U.S. affiliates’ transactions 1,460 1,837 1,785

Unaffiliated 7,430 7,914 8,763

Industrial processes 3,513 3,566 3,544

Other 3,917 4,348 5,219

Other private services 65,094 73,858 84,505

Affiliated services 20,483 22,931 27,253

U.S. parents’ transactions 13,033 14,118 17,288

U.S. affiliates’ transactions 7,450 8,813 9,965

Unaffiliated services 44,611 50,927 57,252

Education 7,515 7,887 8,346

Financial services 7,029 8,229 10,243

Insurance, net 1,296 2,168 2,473

Premiums 5,491 5,929 6,118

Losses 4,195 3,761 3,645

Telecommunications 3,228 3,301 3,918

Business, professional, and

technical services 16,078 19,466 21,450

Accounting, auditing, and

bookkeeping services 181 222 316

Advertising 425 543 607

Agricultural services 30 19 23

Computer and data

processing services 1,340 1,617 2,011

Construction, engineering,

architectural, and mining

services 2,550 3,553 3,503

Data base and other

information services 1,078 1,158 1,479

Industrial engineering 726 870 1,186

Installation, maintenance,

and repair of equipment 3,218 3,648 3,272

Legal services 1,667 1,943 2,223

Mailing, reproduction, and

commercial art 4 33 17

Management of health care

facilities 18 18 23

Management, consulting, and

public relations services 1,489 1,460 1,632

Medical services 856 1,005 1,113

Miscellaneous disbursements 251 333 144

Operational leasing 978 1,482 2,012

Personnel supply services 95 99 92

Research, development, and

testing services 638 681 893

Sports and performing arts 116 149 149

Training services 421 388 447

Other business, professional

and technical services(1) n.a. 246 308

Other unaffiliated services(2) 9,465 9,874 10,821

Exports

1998 1999

Total private services 244,099 254,665

Travel 71,286 74,881

Overseas 61,262 64,099

Canada 6,206 6,670

Mexico 3,818 4,112

Passenger fares 20,098 19,776

Other transportation 25,604 27,033

Freight 11,048 11,667

Port services 14,557 15,365

Royalties and license fees 36,197 38,467

Affiliated 26,809 26,307

U.S. parents’ transactions 24,720 24,576

U.S. affiliates’ transactions 2,089 1,731

Unaffiliated 9,388 10,160

Industrial processes 3,573 3,551

Other 5,814 6,609

Other private services 90,914 96,508

Affiliated services 28,397 28,943

U.S. parents’ transactions 18,232 18,111

U.S. affiliates’ transactions 10,165 10,832

Unaffiliated services 62,517 67,565

Education 9,037 9,572

Financial services 11,273 13,925

Insurance, net 2,189 2,295

Premiums 7,265 8,259

Losses 5,076 5,963

Telecommunications 5,538 4,460

Business, professional, and

technical services 22,175 24,368

Accounting, auditing, and

bookkeeping services 353 440

Advertising 488 414

Agricultural services 22 25

Computer and data

processing services 1,922 2,291

Construction, engineering,

architectural, and mining

services 3,548 4,071

Data base and other

information services 1,524 1,741

Industrial engineering 1,316 1,492

Installation, maintenance,

and repair of equipment 3,212 3,487

Legal services 2,419 2,560

Mailing, reproduction, and

commercial art 15 23

Management of health care

facilities 23 26

Management, consulting, and

public relations services 1,841 1,910

Medical services 1,204 1,302

Miscellaneous disbursements 146 195

Operational leasing 2,366 2,606

Personnel supply services 106 102

Research, development, and

testing services 833 767

Sports and performing arts 104 98

Training services 419 408

Other business, professional

and technical services(1) 313 408

Other unaffiliated services(2) 12,305 10,946

Imports

1986 1987 1988

Total private services 64,731 73,945 81,002

Travel 25,913 29,310 32,114

Overseas 20,311 23,313 25,260

Canada 3,034 2,939 3,232

Mexico 2,568 3,058 3,622

Passenger fares 6,505 7,283 7,729

Other transportation 17,766 19,010 20,891

Freight 12,512 12,618 13,792

Port services 5,254 6,392 7,099

Royalties and license fees 1,401 1,857 2,601

Affiliated 916 1,309 1,426

U.S. parents’ transactions 118 168 141

U.S. affiliates’ transactions 799 1,142 1,285

Unaffiliated 484 647 1,175

Industrial processes n.a. 435 488

Other n.a. 112 689

Other private services 13,146 16,485 17,667

Affiliated services 3,915 5,356 6,043

U.S. parents’ transactions 2,391 3,050 3,461

U.S. affiliates’ transactions 1,524 2,307 2,582

Unaffiliated services 9,231 11,129 11,624

Education 433 452 539

Financial services 1,769 2,077 1,656

Insurance, net 2,200 3,241 2,628

Premiums 7,217 8,538 8,954

Losses 5,017 5,297 6,326

Telecommunications 3,253 3,736 4,576

Business, professional, and

technical services 1,303 1,367 1,926

Accounting, auditing, and

bookkeeping services 29 37 31

Advertising 77 128 188

Agricultural services 5 7 4

Computer and data

processing services 32 74 107

Construction, engineering,

architectural, and mining

services 301 163 307

Data base and other

information services 23 25 39

Industrial engineering 75 103 133

Installation, maintenance,

and repair of equipment 467 496 616

Legal services 40 56 98

Mailing, reproduction, and

commercial art 12 9 9

Management of health care

facilities (*) 0 2

Management, consulting, and

public relations services 60 67 73

Medical services n.a. n.a. n.a.

Miscellaneous disbursements n.a. n.a. n.a.

Operational leasing 50 48 78

Personnel supply services 25 7 10

Research, development, and

testing services 76 114 182

Sports and performing arts 21 25 40

Training services 7 9 10

Other business, professional

and technical services(1) n.a. n.a. n.a.

Other unaffiliated services(2) 272 255 298

Imports

1989 1990 1991

Total private services 85,295 98,210 95,934

Travel 33,416 37,349 35,322

Overseas 25,746 28,929 26,506

Canada 3,394 3,541 3,705

Mexico 4,276 4,879 5,111

Passenger fares 8,249 10,531 10,012

Other transportation 22,172 24,966 24,975

Freight 13,997 15,046 14,554

Port services 8,176 9,920 10,421

Royalties and license fees 2,528 3,135 4,035

Affiliated 1,704 2,206 2,955

U.S. parents’ transactions 71 239 166

U.S. affiliates’ transactions 1,632 1,957 2,789

Unaffiliated 824 29 1,080

Industrial processes 568 666 798

Other 258 265 283

Other private services 18,930 22,229 25,590

Affiliated services 7,911 9,117 9,732

U.S. parents’ transactions 4,783 5,334 5,260

U.S. affiliates’ transactions 3,128 3,784 4,472

Unaffiliated services 11,019 13,111 15,859

Education 586 658 698

Financial services 2,056 2,475 2,669

Insurance, net 823 1,910 2,467

Premiums 9,909 10,222 11,207

Losses 9,086 8,312 8,740

Telecommunications 5,172 5,583 6,608

Business, professional, and

technical services 2,059 2,093 3,015

Accounting, auditing, and

bookkeeping services 22 57 89

Advertising 228 243 301

Agricultural services 2 (*) 22

Computer and data

processing services 46 44 116

Construction, engineering,

architectural, and mining

services 443 170 315

Data base and other

information services 31 54 51

Industrial engineering 53 74 30

Installation, maintenance,

and repair of equipment 704 714 538

Legal services 81 111 244

Mailing, reproduction, and

commercial art 8 8 38

Management of health care

facilities (*) (*) 13

Management, consulting, and

public relations services 143 135 271

Medical services n.a. n.a. n.a.

Miscellaneous disbursements n.a. n.a. 342

Operational leasing 88 202 229

Personnel supply services 10 5 15

Research, development, and

testing services 133 210 241

Sports and performing arts 54 48 84

Training services 13 17 77

Other business, professional

and technical services(1) n.a. n.a. n.a.

Other unaffiliated services(2) 323 392 402

Imports

1992 1993 1994

Total private services 100,379 107,940 119,101

Travel 38,552 40,713 43,782

Overseas 29,838 31,859 34,534

Canada 3,554 3,692 3,914

Mexico 5,160 5,162 5,334

Passenger fares 10,603 11,410 13,062

Other transportation 23,767 24,524 26,019

Freight 13,571 14,518 16,006

Port services 10,197 10,005 10,013

Royalties and license fees 5,161 5,032 5,852

Affiliated 3,398 3,386 3,933

U.S. parents’ transactions 189 234 420

U.S. affiliates’ transactions 3,207 3,152 3,513

Unaffiliated 1,766 1,646 1,919

Industrial processes 818 1,054 1,034

Other 948 592 884

Other private services 22,296 26,261 30,386

Affiliated services 9,640 10,677 12,451

U.S. parents’ transactions 5,355 5,721 6,538

U.S. affiliates’ transactions 4,285 4,956 5,913

Unaffiliated services 12,656 15,585 17,935

Education 767 857 972

Financial services 986 1,371 1,654

Insurance, net 1,324 3,095 4,034

Premiums 11,738 12,093 14,075

Losses 10,414 8,998 10,041

Telecommunications 6,052 6,365 6,928

Business, professional, and

technical services 3,102 3,504 3,869

Accounting, auditing, and

bookkeeping services 104 103 130

Advertising 450 646 728

Agricultural services 21 18 14

Computer and data

processing services 71 101 83

Construction, engineering,

architectural, and mining

services 261 319 280

Data base and other

information services 72 110 141

Industrial engineering 112 142 100

Installation, maintenance,

and repair of equipment 191 175 164

Legal services 311 321 383

Mailing, reproduction, and

commercial art 37 33 17

Management of health care

facilities 13 11 12

Management, consulting, and

public relations services 243 287 321

Medical services n.a. n.a. n.a.

Miscellaneous disbursements 395 371 538

Operational leasing 337 356 401

Personnel supply services 14 13 3

Research, development, and

testing services 225 239 294

Sports and performing arts 145 156 122

Training services 101 101 137

Other business, professional

and technical services(1) n.a. n.a. n.a.

Other unaffiliated services(2) 425 394 477

Imports

1995 1996 1997

Total private services 128,781 137,102 152,642

Travel 44,916 48,078 52,051

Overseas 35,281 37,436 40,667

Canada 4,319 4,670 4,904

Mexico 5,316 5,972 6,480

Passenger fares 14,663 15,809 18,138

Other transportation 27,034 27,403 28,959

Freight 16,455 16,539 17,654

Port services 10,579 10,864 11,305

Royalties and license fees 6,919 7,837 9,614

Affiliated 5,258 5,406 7,202

U.S. parents’ transactions 583 761 1,379

U.S. affiliates’ transactions 4,673 4,645 5,823

Unaffiliated 1,663 2,431 2,412

Industrial processes 948 1,319 1,417

Other 714 1,112 995

Other private services 35,249 37,975 43,280

Affiliated services 13,634 15,548 17,817

U.S. parents’ transactions 6,861 7,084 9,012

U.S. affiliates’ transactions 6,773 8,464 8,805

Unaffiliated services 21,615 22,427 25,463

Education 1,125 1,253 1,396

Financial services 2,472 2,907 3,347

Insurance, net 5,360 3,885 5,873

Premiums 15,284 14,522 15,211

Losses 9,925 10,637 9,338

Telecommunications 7,305 8,290 8,346

Business, professional, and

technical services 4,822 5,547 6,047

Accounting, auditing, and

bookkeeping services 170 218 279

Advertising 833 971 773

Agricultural services 17 11 9

Computer and data

processing services 126 276 276

Construction, engineering,

architectural, and mining

services 345 465 463

Data base and other

information services 160 146 128

Industrial engineering 160 197 211

Installation, maintenance,

and repair of equipment 160 239 307

Legal services 469 615 539

Mailing, reproduction, and

commercial art 22 42 30

Management of health care

facilities 16 8 10

Management, consulting, and

public relations services 465 497 687

Medical services n.a. n.a. n.a.

Miscellaneous disbursements 843 750 1,075

Operational leasing 407 325 189

Personnel supply services 4 28 18

Research, development, and

testing services 364 379 564

Sports and performing arts 120 200 260

Training services 145 140 153

Other business, professional

and technical services(1) n.a. 40 75

Other unaffiliated services(2) 532 546 453

Imports

1998 1999

Total private services 167,607 174,825

Travel 56,509 59,351

Overseas 44,395 47,142

Canada 5,718 6,135

Mexico 6,396 6,074

Passenger fares 19,971 21,405

Other transportation 30,363 34,137

Freight 19,412 22,214

Port services 10,950 11,925

Royalties and license fees 11,713 13,275

Affiliated 8,754 10,208

U.S. parents’ transactions 1,755 2,134

U.S. affiliates’ transactions 6,999 8,074

Unaffiliated 2,959 3,067

Industrial processes 1,536 1,883

Other 1,423 1,185

Other private services 49,051 46,657

Affiliated services 19,756 22,437

U.S. parents’ transactions 10,406 11,427

U.S. affiliates’ transactions 9,350 11,010

Unaffiliated services 29,295 24,220

Education 1,591 1,840

Financial services 3,561 3,574

Insurance, net 9,080 4,078

Premiums 20,290 21,242

Losses 11,210 17,164

Telecommunications 7,687 6,766

Business, professional, and

technical services 6,869 7,430

Accounting, auditing, and

bookkeeping services 318 531

Advertising 886 757

Agricultural services 8 9

Computer and data

processing services 399 432

Construction, engineering,

architectural, and mining

services 544 530

Data base and other

information services 151 198

Industrial engineering 205 141

Installation, maintenance,

and repair of equipment 310 302

Legal services 637 844

Mailing, reproduction, and

commercial art 30 32

Management of health care

facilities 10 10

Management, consulting, and

public relations services 888 867

Medical services n.a. n.a

Miscellaneous disbursements 1,139 1,257

Operational leasing 174 162

Personnel supply services 18 20

Research, development, and

testing services 667 782

Sports and performing arts 240 270

Training services 165 175

Other business, professional

and technical services(1) 79 111

Other unaffiliated services(2) 507 532

n.a. Not available

(*) Less than $,500,000.

(D) Suppressed to avoid disclosure of data of individual companies.

(1.) Other business, professional, and technical services consists of language translation services, security services, collection services, actuarial services, salvage services, oil spill and toxic waste cleanup services, and merchanting services.

(2.) Exports include mainly film and tape rentals and expenditures of foreign governments and international organizations in the United States. Imports include mainly expenditures of U.S. residents temporarily working abroad and film and tape rentals.

Table 2.–Private Services Trade by Area and Country, 1986-99

[Millions of dollars]

Exports

1986 1987 1988

All countries 77,545 87,030 100,971

Canada 8,465 9,371 10,703

Europe 24,896 30,259 35,754

Belgium-Luxembourg 1,027 1,025 1,209

France 2,912 3,648 3,885

Germany(1) 4,001 5,196 5,881

Italy 1,852 2,143 2,452

Netherlands 1,938 2,106 2,456

Norway … … …

Spain … … …

Sweden … … …

Switzerland … … …

United Kingdom 6,502 8,389 10,105

Other … … …

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 14,206 14,398 15,669

South and Central America 11,472 11,744 13,027

Argentina … … …

Brazil … … …

Chile … … …

Mexico 4,531 4,445 4,911

Venezuela 937 829 914

Other … … …

Other Western Hemisphere 2,740 2,652 2,642

Bermuda … … …

Other … … …

Africa, Middle East, and Asia

and Pacific 25,602 28,258 33,335

Africa … … …

South Africa … … …

Other … … …

Middle East … … …

Israel … … …

Saudi Arabia … … …

Other … … …

Asia and Pacific … … …

Australia 1,593 1,842 2,311

China … … …

Hong Kong … … …

India … … …

Indonesia … … …

Japan 10,273 12,376 14,827

Korea, Republic of … … …

Malaysia … … …

New Zealand … … …

Philippines … … …

Singapore … … …

Taiwan … … …

Thailand … … …

Other … … …

International organizations

and unallocated 4,376 4,745 5,510

Addenda:

European Union(2) 20,752 25,259 29,447

Eastern Europe(3) 283 298 403

Exports

1989 1990 1991

All countries 117,935 137,232 152,437

Canada 13,323 15,684 17,750

Europe 41,593 48,192 53,570

Belgium-Luxembourg 1,475 1,763 1,946

France 4,642 5,542 6,168

Germany(1) 6,134 7,364 8,825

Italy 2,676 3,279 3,680

Netherlands 2,579 3,269 3,576

Norway … … …

Spain … … …

Sweden … … …

Switzerland … … …

United Kingdom 12,448 12,989 14,091

Other … … …

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 17,842 21,957 14,091

South and Central America 15,142 18,447 21,174

Argentina … … …

Brazil … … …

Chile … … …

Mexico 4,822 8,590 9,666

Venezuela 1,027 1,273 1,563

Other … … …

Other Western Hemisphere 2,699 3,509 3,687

Bermuda … … …

Other … … …

Africa, Middle East, and Asia

and Pacific 39,327 45,321 51,167

Africa … … …

South Africa … … …

Other … … …

Middle East … … …

Israel … … …

Saudi Arabia … … …

Other … … …

Asia and Pacific … … …

Australia 2,825 3,260 3,214

China … … …

Hong Kong … … …

India … … …

Indonesia … … …

Japan 18,363 21,159 23,981

Korea, Republic of … … …

Malaysia … … …

New Zealand … … …

Philippines … … …

Singapore … … …

Taiwan … … …

Thailand … … …

Other … … …

International organizations

and unallocated 5,850 6,077 5,109

Addenda:

European Union(2) 34,307 39,149 44,150

Eastern Europe(3) 686 956 1,140

Exports

1992 1993 1994

All countries 163,688 171,588 187,357

Canada 17,380 16,971 17,216

Europe 60,182 62,138 67,473

Belgium-Luxembourg 2,308 2,207 2,782

France 6,998 6,816 6,694

Germany(1) 10,867 11,346 11,573

Italy 4,496 4,080 4,264

Netherlands 3,747 4,109 5,476

Norway 1,118 1,241 1,157

Spain 2,443 2,246 2,678

Sweden 1,758 1,728 1,747

Switzerland 2,894 2,922 3,695

United Kingdom 15,726 17,163 17,848

Other 7,834 8,276 9,558

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 26,722 29,126 32,740

South and Central America 23,228 25,219 27,931

Argentina 1,797 2,147 2,482

Brazil 2,499 2,949 3,737

Chile 620 777 1,156

Mexico 10,492 10,440 11,344

Venezuela 1,993 2,428 2,145

Other 5,832 6,480 7,070

Other Western Hemisphere 3,494 3,904 4,809

Bermuda 414 533 755

Other 3,077 3,371 4,056

Africa, Middle East, and Asia

and Pacific 54,855 58,604 64,937

Africa 2,234 2,328 2,579

South Africa 465 494 625

Other 1,771 1,835 1,954

Middle East 3,965 4,147 5,052

Israel 896 1,106 1,484

Saudi Arabia 1,356 1,239 1,864

Other 1,713 1,802 1,702

Asia and Pacific 48,656 52,130 57,306

Australia 3,459 3,558 3,791

China 1,568 1,919 2,049

Hong Kong 2,259 2,365 2,804

India 1,094 1,138 1,226

Indonesia 775 893 874

Japan 25,554 26,794 28,952

Korea, Republic of 3,375 3,638 4,599

Malaysia 601 680 892

New Zealand 761 794 835

Philippines 968 1,247 1,187

Singapore 2,155 2,414 2,646

Taiwan 3,173 3,466 4,168

Thailand 750 1,016 1,020

Other 2,160 2,205 2,267

International organizations

and unallocated 4,548 4,750 4,990

Addenda:

European Union(2) 51,140 52,374 56,013

Eastern Europe(3) 1,163 1,673 2,183

Exports

1995 1996 1997

All countries 203,768 222,633 239,444

Canada 17,927 19,492 20,505

Europe 73,092 81,274 86,497

Belgium-Luxembourg 2,843 2,882 2,861

France 7,965 8,862 9,400

Germany(1) 12,692 13,370 14,018

Italy 4,533 4,858 4,992

Netherlands 6,119 7,012 7,271

Norway 1,210 1,401 1,391

Spain 2,991 3,098 3,432

Sweden 1,890 2,474 2,385

Switzerland 3,843 4,294 4,331

United Kingdom 18,625 20,204 23,829

Other 10,381 12,819 12,588

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 32,872 35,736 42,511

South and Central America 27,639 29,825 35,064

Argentina 2,403 2,759 3,347

Brazil 4,997 5,205 6,404

Chile 991 1,189 1,421

Mexico 8,705 9,442 10,789

Venezuela 2,496 2,409 2,695

Other 8,049 8,820 10,410

Other Western Hemisphere 5,234 5,910 7,447

Bermuda 606 649 903

Other 4,628 5,062 6,544

Africa, Middle East, and Asia

and Pacific 74,508 80,154 84,223

Africa 2,869 3,036 3,484

South Africa 801 843 1,004

Other 2,069 2,195 2,481

Middle East 5,796 6,681 6,844

Israel 1,637 1,899 1,918

Saudi Arabia 2,084 1,689 1,911

Other 2,074 3,095 3,013

Asia and Pacific 65,843 70,437 73,895

Australia 4,266 4,510 4,901

China 2,531 3,164 3,579

Hong Kong 2,998 3,338 3,633

India 1,320 1,496 1,593

Indonesia 1,157 1,415 1,770

Japan 33,240 33,535 34,249

Korea, Republic of 5,693 7,435 7,082

Malaysia 1,032 1,278 1,257

New Zealand 996 1,177 1,252

Philippines 1,059 1,237 1,490

Singapore 3,148 3,854 4,103

Taiwan 4,429 4,048 4,735

Thailand 1,188 1,216 1,243

Other 2,786 2,734 3,005

International organizations

and unallocated 5,365 5,971 5,707

Addenda:

European Union(2) 63,938 70,372 75,309

Eastern Europe(3) 2,580 3,283 3,398

Exports

1998 1999

All countries 244,099 254,665

Canada 19,156 21,134

Europe 93,864 96,193

Belgium-Luxembourg 3,005 3,050

France 9,657 9,821

Germany(1) 14,912 15,326

Italy 5,499 5,300

Netherlands 7,705 8,396

Norway 1,378 1,341

Spain 3,506 3,812

Sweden 2,599 2,312

Switzerland 4,915 4,708

United Kingdom 26,559 27,224

Other 14,129 14,903

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 47,094 49,795

South and Central America 38,320 38,709

Argentina 3,581 3,569

Brazil 6,618 5,494

Chile 1,334 1,437

Mexico 11,706 12,544

Venezuela 3,074 3,260

Other 12,007 12,404

Other Western Hemisphere 8,776 11,086

Bermuda 1,056 1,190

Other 7,719 9,894

Africa, Middle East, and Asia

and Pacific 77,800 81,547

Africa 4,372 4,660

South Africa 1,056 1,238

Other 3,317 3,422

Middle East 7,201 7,350

Israel 2,050 2,167

Saudi Arabia 1,970 1,986

Other 3,181 3,196

Asia and Pacific 66,226 69,536

Australia 4,724 5,021

China 3,966 3,932

Hong Kong 3,488 3,287

India 1,892 2,099

Indonesia 1,459 1,506

Japan 29,887 30,498

Korea, Republic of 4,770 5,339

Malaysia 1,044 1,120

New Zealand 1,130 1,183

Philippines 1,310 1,422

Singapore 3,844 4,150

Taiwan 4,004 4,860

Thailand 1,159 1,112

Other 3,549 40,006

International organizations

and unallocated 6,187 5,997

Addenda:

European Union(2) 81,950 84,659

Eastern Europe(3) 3,630 3,588

Imports

1986 1987 1988

All countries 64,731 73,945 81,002

Canada 6,311 6,854 8,350

Europe 24,132 28,313 30,866

Belgium-Luxembourg 604 556 622

France 2,264 2,679 2,931

Germany(1) 3,982 5,198 5,540

Italy 2,258 2,509 2,870

Netherlands 1,032 1,305 1,317

Norway … … …

Spain … … …

Sweden … … …

Switzerland … … …

United Kingdom 7,542 8,918 9,411

Other … … …

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 13,010 14,964 15,648

South and Central America 7,522 9,074 10,241

Argentina … … …

Brazil … … …

Chile … … …

Mexico 3,681 4,506 5,068

Venezuela 480 526 619

Other … … …

Other Western Hemisphere 5,488 5,892 5,407

Bermuda … … …

Other … … …

Africa, Middle East, and Asia

and Pacific 19,371 21,999 23,617

Africa … … …

South Africa … … …

Other … … …

Middle East … … …

Israel … … …

Saudi Arabia … … …

Other … … …

Asia and Pacific … … …

Australia 1,163 1,495 1,644

China … … …

Hong Kong … … …

India … … …

Indonesia … … …

Japan 6,662 7,527 8,396

Korea, Republic of … … …

Malaysia … … …

New Zealand … … …

Philippines … … …

Singapore … … …

Taiwan … … …

Thailand … … …

Other … … …

International organizations

and unallocated 1,907 1,815 2,521

Addenda:

European Union(2) 20,412 23,961 25,813

Eastern Europe(3) 345 477 508

Imports

1989 1990 1991

All countries 85,295 98,210 99,934

Canada 8,640 9,130 9,716

Europe 33,010 39,815 39,262

Belgium-Luxembourg 813 1,022 958

France 3,517 4,169 3,927

Germany(1) 6,048 6,819 6,438

Italy 2,863 3,469 3,299

Netherlands 1,609 1,935 2,157

Norway … … …

Spain … … …

Sweden … … …

Switzerland … … …

United Kingdom 9,795 11,564 12,111

Other … … …

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 16,840 18,643 19,602

South and Central America 11,180 12,737 13,254

Argentina … … …

Brazil … … …

Chile … … …

Mexico 5,976 6,731 7,056

Venezuela 487 659 584

Other … … …

Other Western Hemisphere 5,659 5,905 6,348

Bermuda … … …

Other … … …

Africa, Middle East, and Asia

and Pacific 24,232 27,976 29,285

Africa … … …

South Africa … … …

Other … … …

Middle East … … …

Israel … … …

Saudi Arabia … … …

Other … … …

Asia and Pacific … … …

Australia 1,748 2,290 2,386

China … … …

Hong Kong … … …

India … … …

Indonesia … … …

Japan 8,927 8,927 10 11,772

Korea, Republic of … … …

Malaysia … … …

New Zealand … … …

Philippines … … …

Singapore … … …

Taiwan … … …

Thailand … … …

Other … … …

International organizations

and unallocated 2,573 2,646 2,069

Addenda:

European Union(2) 28,057 33,394 32,924

Eastern Europe(3) 582 797 1,052

Imports

1992 1993 1994

All countries 100,379 107,940 119,101

Canada 8,688 9,223 10,132

Europe 39,718 44,417 48,996

Belgium-Luxembourg 1,028 1,048 1,245

France 4,581 4,958 5,749

Germany(1) 6,376 6,806 7,280

Italy 3,177 3,142 3,433

Netherlands 2,479 2,211 2,613

Norway 1,034 1,414 1,184

Spain 1,271 1,081 1,140

Sweden 779 942 857

Switzerland 1,710 1,945 2,317

United Kingdom 10,538 13,634 14,692

Other 6,746 7,237 8,486

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 20,127 20,588 22,783

South and Central America 13,439 13,582 14,850

Argentina 449 464 572

Brazil 679 734 904

Chile 332 362 415

Mexico 7,269 7,410 7,849

Venezuela 633 714 761

Other 4,077 3,899 4,352

Other Western Hemisphere 6,690 7,005 7,933

Bermuda 1,522 1,278 1,832

Other 5,167 5,727 6,100

Africa, Middle East, and Asia

and Pacific 29,120 31,789 35,300

Africa 1,472 1,527 1,911

South Africa 199 228 294

Other 1,276 1,298 1,616

Middle East 2,053 2,172 2,240

Israel 1,016 1,068 1,192

Saudi Arabia 337 339 307

Other 698 764 740

Asia and Pacific 25,595 28,090 31,148

Australia 2,215 2,163 1,929

China 1,044 1,303 1,459

Hong Kong 1,420 1,336 1,881

India 636 687 760

Indonesia 440 428 438

Japan 10,607 11,785 12,584

Korea, Republic of 2,041 2,343 2,796

Malaysia 265 299 355

New Zealand 525 538 567

Philippines 785 851 1,036

Singapore 684 938 1,155

Taiwan 1,978 2,381 2,649

Thailand 389 377 475

Other 2,569 2,659 3,062

International organizations

and unallocated 2,726 1,926 1,889

Addenda:

European Union(2) 32,960 36,680 40,238

Eastern Europe(3) 1,596 1,513 1,965

Imports

1995 1996 1997

All countries 128,781 137,102 152,042

Canada 11,160 12,451 13,544

Europe 52,708 53,856 61,606

Belgium-Luxembourg 1,480 1,498 1,733

France 5,951 6,023 6,770

Germany(1) 7,586 7,705 7,963

Italy 3,743 3,492 3,672

Netherlands 3,191 3,157 3,455

Norway 1,162 1,281 1,287

Spain 1,109 1,304 1,457

Sweden 844 884 872

Switzerland 2,285 2,636 2,768

United Kingdom 16,063 16,186 21,355

Other 9,293 9,690 10,276

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 24,252 26,954 29,840

South and Central America 15,500 17,711 19,158

Argentina 572 779 864

Brazil 1,165 1,421 1,765

Chile 427 519 526

Mexico 7,930 8,918 9,838

Venezuela 701 767 708

Other 4,708 5,308 5,457

Other Western Hemisphere 8,750 9,244 10,682

Bermuda 2,713 2,867 3,652

Other 6,036 6,377 7,029

Africa, Middle East, and Asia

and Pacific 38,542 41,580 45,130

Africa 1,947 2,380 2,550

South Africa 398 543 725

Other 1,548 1,837 1,827

Middle East 2,663 3,152 3,225

Israel 1,171 1,369 1,505

Saudi Arabia 559 437 576

Other 936 1,346 1,143

Asia and Pacific 33,933 36,048 39,356

Australia 2,142 2,573 2,677

China 1,674 1,936 2,205

Hong Kong 1,901 2,920 3,042

India 851 1,093 1,223

Indonesia 443 550 548

Japan 13,463 12,907 14,053

Korea, Republic of 3,581 4,124 4,530

Malaysia 451 456 532

New Zealand 601 661 697

Philippines 1,121 1,361 1,456

Singapore 1,232 1,817 2,094

Taiwan 2,856 2,702 3,371

Thailand 677 802 758

Other 2,944 2,148 2,163

International organizations

and unallocated 2,119 2,266 1,921

Addenda:

European Union(2) 45,301 45,486 52,929

Eastern Europe(3) 2,171 2,346 2,148

Imports

1998 1999

All countries 167,607 174,825

Canada 15,128 15,222

Europe 70,812 72,079

Belgium-Luxembourg 1,917 1,997

France 7,598 8,027

Germany(1) 9,810 10,179

Italy 4,145 4,743

Netherlands 4,462 3,992

Norway 805 813

Spain 1,882 2,174

Sweden 840 965

Switzerland 3,809 3,670

United Kingdom 23,206 23,750

Other 12,343 11,771

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 32,367 32,346

South and Central America 19,795 20,124

Argentina 938 922

Brazil 1,803 1,765

Chile 809 777

Mexico 9,870 9,783

Venezuela 709 718

Other 5,666 6,162

Other Western Hemisphere 12,571 12,222

Bermuda 4,653 5,065

Other 7,917 7,156

Africa, Middle East, and Asia

and Pacific 46,763 53,191

Africa 2,540 2,699

South Africa 855 866

Other 1,683 1,834

Middle East 3,660 4,030

Israel 1,427 1,652

Saudi Arabia 855 951

Other 1,377 1,428

Asia and Pacific 40,562 46,462

Australia 3,286 3,478

China 2,279 2,666

Hong Kong 3,249 3,809

India 1,532 1,516

Indonesia 305 338

Japan 13,522 15,692

Korea, Republic of 4,157 4,458

Malaysia 377 375

New Zealand 897 1,121

Philippines 1,265 1,246

Singapore 1,852 2,181

Taiwan 2,930 3,514

Thailand 794 920

Other 4,119 5,151

International organizations

and unallocated 2,538 1,986

Addenda:

European Union(2) 60,658 62,478

Eastern Europe(3) 2,558 2,471

(1.) Prior to 1990, this line includes data only for the Federal Republic of Germany. Beginning in 1990, this line also includes the former German Democratic Republic.

(2.) The European Union comprises Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxemburg, Netherlands Portugal, Spain United Kingdom, Austria, Finland, and Sweden. The last three countries joined the Union on January 1, 1995. The estimates prior to 1995 do not reflect the addition of these three countries.

(3.) Eastern Europe comprises Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Tajikstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan.

NOTE.–The full country and area detail shown in the stub is available only since 1992.

Table 3.1.–Travel, Passenger Fares, and Other Transportation, 1996

[Millions of dollars]

Receipts

Other

transpor-

tation

Freight

Pas-

senger

Travel fares Total

All countries 69,809 20,422 26,074

Canada 6,900 1,339 2,394

Europe 23,171 6,867 8,138

Belgium-Luxembourg 557 294 326

France 2,327 954 417

Germany 4,403 1,714 860

Italy 1,691 461 338

Netherlands 1,141 222 883

Norway 336 1 503

Spain 831 366 195

Sweden 635 234 308

Switzerland 1,363 353 311

United Kingdom 6,450 1,805 1,359

Other 3,437 463 2,638

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 14,984 4,098 3,178

South and Central America 12,888 3,601 2,598

Argentina 1,224 485 152

Brazil 2,588 839 290

Chile 489 164 158

Mexico 3,004 761 549

Venezuela 1,401 203 159

Other 4,182 1,149 1,290

Other Western Hemisphere 2,096 497 580

Bermuda 14 4 4

Other 2,082 493 576

Africa 766 77 450

South Africa 285 7 84

Other 481 70 366

Middle East 1,979 425 1,073

Israel 694 264 481

Saudi Arabia 454 … 88

Other 831 161 504

Asia and Pacific 22,009 7,616 10,312

Australia 1,709 540 304

China 807 100 597

Hong Kong 624 380 459

India 544 42 156

Indonesia 337 19 86

Japan 11,790 5,790 3,190

Korea 2,345 308 2,339

Malaysia 262 … 174

New Zealand 608 121 130

Philippines 476 82 227

Singapore 377 49 626

Taiwan 1,370 84 1,115

Thailand 421 3 127

Other 339 98 782

International organizations and

unallocated … … 529

Addenda:

European Union(1) 20,004 6,391 6,092

Eastern Europe(2) 1,213 104 475

Receipts

Other transportation

Freight

Total Ocean Air

All countries 11,146 4,703 3,956

Canada 1,816 32 59

Europe 2,842 1,522 1,226

Belgium-Luxembourg 270 204 61

France 241 59 176

Germany 368 132 223

Italy 109 40 64

Netherlands 395 281 83

Norway 20 16 4

Spain 90 47 43

Sweden 45 18 27

Switzerland 40 … 40

United Kingdom 599 188 401

Other 665 537 104

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 1,746 661 799

South and Central America 1,504 499 754

Argentina 84 25 59

Brazil 217 63 154

Chile 50 28 22

Mexico 186 96 86

Venezuela 116 48 61

Other 851 239 372

Other Western Hemisphere 242 162 45

Bermuda 4 … 4

Other 238 162 41

Africa 215 182 26

South Africa 18 8 3

Other 197 174 23

Middle East 634 565 69

Israel 348 318 30

Saudi Arabia 49 49 …

Other 237 198 39

Asia and Pacific 3,875 1,725 1,777

Australia 154 14 99

China 132 76 56

Hong Kong 389 139 250

India 126 119 7

Indonesia 41 33 8

Japan 1,329 522 720

Korea 374 238 136

Malaysia 109 23 86

New Zealand 30 9 8

Philippines 93 61 32

Singapore 220 39 181

Taiwan 283 183 100

Thailand 95 52 43

Other 500 217 51

International organizations and

unallocated 16 16 …

Addenda:

European Union(1) 2,386 1,156 1,148

Eastern Europe(2) 302 265 27

Receipts

Other transportation

Freight Port Services

Other Total Ocean

All countries 2,485 14,929 7,799

Canada 1,725 578 60

Europe 94 5,296 2,880

Belgium-Luxembourg 5 56 19

France 6 176 6

Germany 13 492 393

Italy 5 229 89

Netherlands 31 488 68

Norway … 483 483

Spain … 105 …

Sweden … 263 167

Switzerland … 271 45

United Kingdom 10 760 135

Other 24 1,973 1,475

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 286 1,432 395

South and Central America 251 1,094 275

Argentina … 68 2

Brazil … 73 16

Chile … 108 68

Mexico 4 363 88

Venezuela 7 43 26

Other 240 439 75

Other Western Hemisphere 35 338 120

Bermuda … … …

Other 35 338 120

Africa 7 235 49

South Africa 7 66 3

Other … 169 46

Middle East … 439 147

Israel … 133 …

Saudi Arabia … 39 …

Other … 267 147

Asia and Pacific 373 6,437 3,755

Australia 41 150 15

China … 465 301

Hong Kong … 70 69

India … 30 11

Indonesia … 45 …

Japan 87 1,861 1,175

Korea … 1,965 1,092

Malaysia … 65 28

New Zealand 13 100 …

Philippines … 134 46

Singapore … 406 258

Taiwan … 832 686

Thailand … 32 1

Other 232 282 73

International organizations and

unallocated … 513 513

Addenda:

European Union(1) 82 3,706 1,770

Eastern Europe(2) 10 173 98

Receipts

Other transportation

Port services

Air Other

All countries 6,971 160

Canada 358 160

Europe 2,416 …

Belgium-Luxembourg 37 …

France 170 …

Germany 99 …

Italy 140 …

Netherlands 420 …

Norway … …

Spain 105 …

Sweden 96 …

Switzerland 226 …

United Kingdom 625 …

Other 498 …

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 1,037 …

South and Central America 819 …

Argentina 66 …

Brazil 57 …

Chile 40 …

Mexico 275 …

Venezuela 17 …

Other 364 …

Other Western Hemisphere 218 …

Bermuda … …

Other 218 …

Africa 186 …

South Africa 63 …

Other 123 …

Middle East 292 …

Israel 133 …

Saudi Arabia 39 …

Other 120 …

Asia and Pacific 2,682 …

Australia 135 …

China 164 …

Hong Kong 1 …

India 19 …

Indonesia 45 …

Japan 686 …

Korea 873 …

Malaysia 37 …

New Zealand 100 …

Philippines 88 …

Singapore 148 …

Taiwan 146 …

Thailand 31 …

Other 209 …

International organizations and

unallocated … …

Addenda:

European Union(1) 1,936 …

Eastern Europe(2) 75 …

Payments

Other

transpor-

tation

Freight

Pas-

senger

Travel fares Total

All countries 48,078 15,809 27,403

Canada 4,670 391 2,790

Europe 15,932 7,766 9,753

Belgium-Luxembourg 268 149 445

France 2,427 524 706

Germany 2,013 939 1,545

Italy 1,843 515 422

Netherlands 495 688 700

Norway 140 26 958

Spain 671 155 99

Sweden 200 39 344

Switzerland 650 490 114

United Kingdom 3,788 2,756 1,605

Other 3,437 1,485 2,815

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 14,141 2,438 2,253

South and Central America 10,010 1,968 1,569

Argentina 352 134 22

Brazil 418 389 93

Chile 228 93 116

Mexico 5,972 650 525

Venezuela 256 80 235

Other 2,784 622 578

Other Western Hemisphere 4,131 470 684

Bermuda 314 … …

Other 3,817 470 684

Africa 1,300 286 177

South Africa 268 124 18

Other 1,032 162 159

Middle East 1,227 447 493

Israel 446 261 251

Saudi Arabia 208 71 22

Other 573 115 220

Asia and Pacific 10,808 4,481 10,959

Australia 1,068 507 308

China 733 107 611

Hong Kong 1,101 480 585

India 502 120 98

Indonesia 276 62 63

Japan 2,905 712 4,207

Korea 945 763 1,950

Malaysia 202 66 34

New Zealand 300 193 76

Philippines 754 235 128

Singapore 474 309 713

Taiwan 622 633 1,112

Thailand 440 81 116

Other 486 213 958

International organizations and

unallocated … … 978

Addenda:

European Union(1) 13,155 6,839 7,456

Eastern Europe(2) 1,223 250 317

Payments

Other transportation

Freight

Total Ocean Air

All countries 16,539 11,258 3,201

Canada 2,249 112 60

Europe 5,768 4,539 1,229

Belgium-Luxembourg 119 41 78

France 163 16 147

Germany 776 501 275

Italy 246 180 66

Netherlands 297 123 174

Norway 957 957 …

Spain 28 … 28

Sweden 335 299 36

Switzerland 105 … 105

United Kingdom 481 217 264

Other 2,261 2,205 56

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 811 659 149

South and Central America 517 374 140

Argentina 8 2 6

Brazil 44 22 22

Chile 105 73 32

Mexico 106 95 8

Venezuela 51 50 1

Other 203 132 71

Other Western Hemisphere 294 285 9

Bermuda … … …

Other 294 285 9

Africa 86 81 5

South Africa 10 5 5

Other 76 76 …

Middle East 273 178 95

Israel 75 … 75

Saudi Arabia 20 … 20

Other 178 178 …

Asia and Pacific 6,374 4,711 1,663

Australia 51 24 27

China 557 343 214

Hong Kong 141 139 2

India 44 35 9

Indonesia 38 34 4

Japan 2,032 1,482 550

Korea 1,690 1,249 441

Malaysia 28 7 21

New Zealand 17 … 17

Philippines 61 43 18

Singapore 542 426 116

Taiwan 912 757 155

Thailand 8 2 6

Other 253 170 83

International organizations and

unallocated 978 978 …

Addenda:

European Union(1) 3,773 2,670 1,103

Eastern Europe(2) 201 193 8

Payments

Other transportation

Freight Port services

Other Total Ocean

All countries 2,080 10,864 2,231

Canada 2,077 541 131

Europe … 3,985 691

Belgium-Luxembourg … 326 98

France … 543 44

Germany … 769 102

Italy … 176 21

Netherlands … 403 142

Norway … 1 1

Spain … 71 13

Sweden … 9 9

Switzerland … 9 …

United Kingdom … 1,124 118

Other … 554 143

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 3 1,442 493

South and Central America 3 1,052 397

Argentina … 14 14

Brazil … 49 29

Chile … 11 11

Mexico 3 419 82

Venezuela … 184 66

Other … 375 195

Other Western Hemisphere … 390 96

Bermuda … … …

Other … 390 96

Africa … 91 79

South Africa … 8 4

Other … 83 75

Middle East … 220 146

Israel … 176 107

Saudi Arabia … 2 …

Other … 42 39

Asia and Pacific … 4,585 691

Australia … 257 9

China … 54 50

Hong Kong … 444 65

India … 54 46

Indonesia … 25 25

Japan … 2,175 177

Korea … 260 116

Malaysia … 6 6

New Zealand … 59 2

Philippines … 67 13

Singapore … 171 6

Taiwan … 200 81

Thailand … 108 19

Other … 705 76

International organizations and

unallocated … … …

Addenda:

European Union(1) … 3,683 585

Eastern Europe(2) … 116 75

Payments

Other transportation

Port services

Air Other

All countries 8,551 82

Canada 328 82

Europe 3,294 …

Belgium-Luxembourg 228 …

France 499 …

Germany 667 …

Italy 155 …

Netherlands 261 …

Norway … …

Spain 58 …

Sweden … …

Switzerland 9 …

United Kingdom 1,006 …

Other 411 …

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 949 …

South and Central America 655 …

Argentina … …

Brazil 20 …

Chile … …

Mexico 337 …

Venezuela 118 …

Other 180 …

Other Western Hemisphere 294 …

Bermuda … …

Other 294 …

Africa 12 …

South Africa 4 …

Other 8 …

Middle East 74 …

Israel 69 …

Saudi Arabia 2 …

Other 3 …

Asia and Pacific 3,894 …

Australia 248 …

China 4 …

Hong Kong 379 …

India 8 …

Indonesia … …

Japan 1,998 …

Korea 144 …

Malaysia … …

New Zealand 57 …

Philippines 54 …

Singapore 165 …

Taiwan 119 …

Thailand 89 …

Other 629 …

International organizations and

unallocated … …

Addenda:

European Union(1) 3,098 …

Eastern Europe(2) 41 …

1. See table 2, footnote 2.

2. See table 2, footnote 3.

Table 3.2.–Travel, Passenger Fares, and Other Transportation, 1997

[Millions of dollars]

Receipts

Other transportation

Pas-

senger

Travel fares Total

All countries 73,426 20,868 27,006

Canada 6,945 1,361 2,414

Europe 23,314 6,822 8,224

Belgium-Luxembourg 514 294 355

France 2,496 932 580

Germany 4,146 1,370 964

Italy 1,647 613 349

Netherlands 972 188 766

Norway 405 … 360

Spain 964 339 182

Sweden 665 183 300

Switzerland 1,124 219 228

United Kingdom 7,102 2,199 1,726

Other 3,279 485 2,414

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 18,123 4,713 3,657

South and Central America 15,453 4,162 3,103

Argentina 1,536 634 202

Brazil 3,321 941 623

Chile 549 193 196

Mexico 3,438 859 587

Venezuela 1,440 291 201

Other 5,409 1,344 1,314

Other Western Hemisphere 2,670 551 554

Bermuda 16 7 4

Other 2,654 544 550

Africa 10,541 65 389

South Africa 370 … 132

Other 684 65 257

Middle East 2,316 509 1,023

Israel 822 290 287

Saudi Arabia 558 11 125

Other 936 208 611

Asia and Pacific 21,674 7,398 10,750

Australia 1,639 621 307

China 1,101 142 565

Hong Kong 741 471 509

India 634 50 167

Indonesia 392 24 91

Japan 11,088 5,442 3,230

Korea 2,056 132 2,040

Malaysia 268 … 162

New Zealand 616 108 178

Philippines 585 84 253

Singapore 383 77 684

Taiwan 1,287 114 1,491

Thailand 349 15 142

Other 355 118 931

International organizations and

unallocated … … 549

Addenda:

European Union(1) 20,273 6,431 6,487

Eastern Europe(2) 1,249 144 434

Receipts

Other transportation

Freight

Total Ocean Air

All countries 11,789 4,575 4,608

Canada 1,905 54 69

Europe 3,003 1,455 1,443

Belgium-Luxembourg 304 226 72

France 266 54 205

Germany 411 156 240

Italy 126 51 70

Netherlands 386 253 69

Norway 21 14 7

Spain 98 52 46

Sweden 59 23 36

Switzerland 64 18 46

United Kingdom 688 182 494

Other 560 426 128

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 2,041 725 1,013

South and Central America 1,817 591 960

Argentina 113 49 64

Brazil 330 111 219

Chile 62 35 27

Mexico 239 96 95

Venezuela 165 64 93

Other 908 236 462

Other Western Hemisphere 224 134 53

Bermuda 4 … 4

Other 220 134 49

Africa 190 152 29

South Africa 16 4 3

Other 174 148 26

Middle East 507 430 77

Israel 162 162 …

Saudi Arabia 87 57 30

Other 258 211 47

Asia and Pacific 4,129 1,745 1,977

Australia 168 4 119

China 209 120 89

Hong Kong 432 157 275

India 140 128 12

Indonesia 50 35 15

Japan 1,290 470 725

Korea 340 231 109

Malaysia 126 25 101

New Zealand 25 … 11

Philippines 138 61 75

Singapore 272 57 215

Taiwan 268 101 167

Thailand 98 36 60

Other 577 320 4

International organizations and

unallocated 14 14 …

Addenda:

European Union(1) 2,571 1,132 1,350

Eastern Europe(2) 291 249 32

Receipts

Other transportation

Freight Port services

Other Total Ocean

All countries 2,610 15,217 7,659

Canada 1,782 509 68

Europe 105 5,221 2,901

Belgium-Luxembourg 6 51 24

France 7 314 23

Germany 15 553 460

Italy 5 223 102

Netherlands 34 380 61

Norway … 339 339

Spain … 84 …

Sweden … 241 135

Switzerland … 164 …

United Kingdom 12 1,038 312

Other 26 1,834 1,445

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 307 1,616 347

South and Central America 269 1,286 233

Argentina … 89 2

Brazil … 293 10

Chile … 134 50

Mexico 48 328 75

Venezuela 8 36 29

Other 213 406 76

Other Western Hemisphere 38 330 114

Bermuda … … …

Other 38 330 114

Africa 9 199 44

South Africa 9 118 8

Other … 83 38

Middle East … 516 157

Israel … 125 …

Saudi Arabia … 38 …

Other … 353 157

Asia and Pacific 407 6,621 3,607

Australia 45 139 23

China … 356 173

Hong Kong … 77 75

India … 27 5

Indonesia … 41 3

Japan 95 1,940 1,113

Korea … 1,700 809

Malaysia … 38 3

New Zealand 14 153 …

Philippines … 117 23

Singapore … 412 264

Taiwan … 1,223 1,078

Thailand … 46 4

Other 253 354 36

International organizations and

unallocated … 535 535

Addenda:

European Union(1) 89 3,916 1,873

Eastern Europe(2) 10 143 73

Receipts

Other transportation

Port services

Air Other

All countries 7,404 154

Canada 287 154

Europe 2,320 …

Belgium-Luxembourg 27 …

France 291 …

Germany 93 …

Italy 121 …

Netherlands 319 …

Norway … …

Spain 84 …

Sweden 108 …

Switzerland 164 …

United Kingdom 726 …

Other 389 …

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 1,269 …

South and Central America 1,053 …

Argentina 87 …

Brazil 283 …

Chile 64 …

Mexico 253 …

Venezuela 16 …

Other 330 …

Other Western Hemisphere 216 …

Bermuda … …

Other 216 …

Africa 155 …

South Africa 110 …

Other 45 …

Middle East 359 …

Israel 125 …

Saudi Arabia 38 …

Other 198 …

Asia and Pacific 3,014 …

Australia 116 …

China 163 …

Hong Kong 2 …

India 22 …

Indonesia 98 …

Japan 827 …

Korea 891 …

Malaysia 33 …

New Zealand 153 …

Philippines 94 …

Singapore 148 …

Taiwan 147 …

Thailand 42 …

Other 318 …

International organizations and

unallocated … …

Addenda:

European Union(1) 2,043 …

Eastern Europe(2) 70 …

Payments

Other transportation

Pas-

senger

Travel fares Total

All countries 52,051 18,138 28,959

Canada 4,904 470 3,037

Europe 17,866 9,081 10,566

Belgium-Luxembourg 236 221 454

France 2,751 611 687

Germany 1,984 1,225 1,748

Italy 2,109 441 468

Netherlands 670 865 708

Norway 235 36 881

Spain 832 136 105

Sweden 171 49 253

Switzerland 655 590 138

United Kingdom 4,703 3,212 2,205

Other 3,520 1,695 2,919

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 15,375 2,781 2,464

South and Central America 11,038 2,209 1,747

Argentina 443 143 28

Brazil 815 462 121

Chile 232 92 117

Mexico 6,480 777 800

Venezuela 281 104 182

Other 2,987 631 499

Other Western Hemisphere 4,337 572 717

Bermuda 411 … …

Other 3,926 572 717

Africa 1,269 435 147

South Africa 272 239 29

Other 997 196 118

Middle East 1,164 399 599

Israel 493 253 263

Saudi Arabia 270 751 51

Other 401 71 265

Asia and Pacific 11,473 4,972 11,053

Australia 997 546 230

China 918 149 636

Hong Kong 948 421 587

India 602 135 65

Indonesia 296 66 22

Japan 3,036 757 4,182

Korea 1,207 1,083 1,762

Malaysia 228 75 24

New Zealand 254 217 80

Philippines 735 268 128

Singapore 559 249 811

Taiwan 780 678 1,528

Thailand 392 111 52

Other 520 217 946

International organizations and

unallocated … … 1,093

Addenda:

European Union(1) 15,118 7,956 8,144

Eastern Europe(2) 946 317 279

Payments

Other transportation

Freight

Total Ocean Air

All countries 17,654 11,904 3,543

Canada 2,415 131 80

Europe 6,340 5,031 1,309

Belgium-Luxembourg 132 58 74

France 226 66 160

Germany 924 639 285

Italy 337 271 66

Netherlands 283 123 160

Norway 876 876 …

Spain 41 2 39

Sweden 244 204 40

Switzerland 111 … 111

United Kingdom 768 474 312

Other 2,380 2,318 62

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 761 591 167

South and Central America 479 317 159

Argentina 10 3 7

Brazil 56 11 47

Chile 105 58 49

Mexico 118 104 11

Venezuela 51 51 …

Other 137 92 45

Other Western Hemisphere 282 274 8

Bermuda … … …

Other 282 274 8

Africa 53 41 12

South Africa 22 14 8

Other 31 27 4

Middle East 347 228 119

Israel 80 … 80

Saudi Arabia 23 … 23

Other 244 228 16

Asia and Pacific 6,645 4,789 1,856

Australia 63 36 27

China 516 253 263

Hong Kong 165 162 3

India 22 14 8

Indonesia 14 8 6

Japan 2,045 1,487 578

Korea 1,502 945 557

Malaysia 20 7 13

New Zealand 23 … 23

Philippines 59 36 23

Singapore 654 519 135

Taiwan 1,368 1,203 165

Thailand 25 8 17

Other 169 131 38

International organizations and

unallocated 1,093 1,093 …

Addenda:

European Union(1) 4,238 3,063 1,175

Eastern Europe(2) 178 167 11

Payments

Other transportation

Freight Port services

Other Total Ocean

All countries 2,207 11,305 2,187

Canada 2,204 622 165

Europe … 4,226 660

Belgium-Luxembourg … 322 111

France … 461 46

Germany … 824 107

Italy … 131 25

Netherlands … 425 118

Norway … 5 5

Spain … 64 20

Sweden … 9 9

Switzerland … 27 …

United Kingdom … 1,419 111

Other … 539 108

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 3 1,703 566

South and Central America 3 1,268 450

Argentina … 18 18

Brazil … 63 43

Chile … 12 12

Mexico 3 682 123

Venezuela … 131 126

Other … 362 128

Other Western Hemisphere … 435 116

Bermuda … … …

Other … 435 116

Africa … 94 75

South Africa … 7 2

Other … 87 73

Middle East … 252 82

Israel … 203 57

Saudi Arabia … 28 12

Other … 21 13

Asia and Pacific … 4,408 639

Australia … 167 1

China … 120 5

Hong Kong … 422 51

India … 43 43

Indonesia … 8 8

Japan … 2,137 165

Korea … 260 114

Malaysia … 4 4

New Zealand … 57 1

Philippines … 69 8

Singapore … 157 10

Taiwan … 160 50

Thailand … 27 5

Other … 777 174

International organizations and

unallocated … … …

Addenda:

European Union(1) … 3,906 574

Eastern Europe(2) … 101 58

Payments

Other

transportation

Port services

Air Other

All countries 9,034 84

Canada 373 84

Europe 3,566 …

Belgium-Luxembourg 211 …

France 415 …

Germany 717 …

Italy 106 …

Netherlands 307 …

Norway … …

Spain 44 …

Sweden … …

Switzerland 27 …

United Kingdom 1,308 …

Other 431 …

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 1,137 …

South and Central America 818 …

Argentina … …

Brazil 20 …

Chile … …

Mexico 559 …

Venezuela 5 …

Other 234 …

Other Western Hemisphere 319 …

Bermuda … …

Other 319 …

Africa 19 …

South Africa 5 …

Other 14 …

Middle East 170 …

Israel 148 …

Saudi Arabia 16 …

Other 8 …

Asia and Pacific 3,769 …

Australia 166 …

China 115 …

Hong Kong 371 …

India … …

Indonesia … …

Japan 1,972 …

Korea 146 …

Malaysia 0 …

New Zealand 56 …

Philippines 61 …

Singapore 147 …

Taiwan 110 …

Thailand 22 …

Other 603 …

International organizations and

unallocated … …

Addenda:

European Union(1) 3,332 …

Eastern Europe(2) 43 …

(1.) See table 2, footnote 2.

(2.) See table 2, footnote 3.

Table 3.3.–Travel, Passenger Fares, and Other Transportation, 1998

[Millions of dollars]

Receipts

Other

transportation

Pas-

senger

Travel fares Total

All countries 71,286 20,098 25,604

Canada 6,206 1,478 2,317

Europe 24,112 7,024 8,827

Belgium-Luxembourg 487 262 423

France 2,348 993 893

Germany 4,155 1,341 1,153

Italy 1,907 651 411

Netherlands 922 217 1,046

Norway 428 1 228

Spain 961 386 231

Sweden 675 263 220

Switzerland 1,146 180 278

United Kingdom 7,600 2,258 1,742

Other 3,483 472 2,202

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 19,498 5,600 3,282

South and Central America 16,810 4,901 2,909

Argentina 1,519 627 191

Brazil 2,753 1,071 542

Chile 552 181 153

Mexico 3,818 958 549

Venezuela 1,592 323 192

Other 6,576 1,741 1,262

Other Western Hemisphere 2,688 699 373

Bermuda 18 7 8

Other 2,670 692 365

Africa 1,183 31 491

South Africa 386 0 77

Other 797 31 414

Middle East 2,403 626 1,016

Israel 809 412 297

Saudi Arabia 542 19 124

Other 1,052 195 595

Asia and Pacific 17,884 5,339 9,103

Australia 1,562 548 262

China 1,140 151 510

Hong Kong 746 383 463

India 779 57 132

Indonesia 179 109 63

Japan 9,424 3,616 2,819

Korea 991 44 1,231

Malaysia 172 0 142

New Zealand 488 79 187

Philippines 469 92 179

Singapore 299 64 456

Taiwan 1,035 80 985

Thailand 209 21 123

Other 391 95 1,531

International organizations and

unallocated … … 568

Addenda:

European Union(1) 20,953 6,646 7,406

Eastern Europe(2) 1,257 159 270

Receipts

Other transportation

Freight

Total Ocean Air

All countries 11,046 3,783 4,758

Canada 1,856 59 71

Europe 3,037 1,361 1,578

Belgium-Luxembourg 307 222 79

France 290 52 231

Germany 394 135 245

Italy 126 47 75

Netherlands 420 269 119

Norway 28 16 12

Spain 139 76 63

Sweden 69 22 47

Switzerland 61 … 61

United Kingdom 747 203 534

Other 456 319 112

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 1,896 479 1,125

South and Central America 1,719 408 1,055

Argentina 106 28 78

Brazil 287 45 242

Chile 54 17 37

Mexico 205 48 104

Venezuela 155 33 113

Other 912 237 481

Other Western Hemisphere 177 71 70

Bermuda 8 … 8

Other 169 71 62

Africa 208 155 34

South Africa 18 5 5

Other 190 150 29

Middle East 527 449 78

Israel 172 142 30

Saudi Arabia 86 68 18

Other 269 239 30

Asia and Pacific 3,506 1,264 1,872

Australia 163 8 113

China 200 115 85

Hong Kong 447 154 293

India 107 92 15

Indonesia 60 53 7

Japan 1,048 319 640

Korea 206 146 60

Malaysia 106 24 82

New Zealand 20 … 7

Philippines 103 36 67

Singapore 221 54 167

Taiwan 259 104 155

Thailand 73 19 54

Other 493 140 127

International organizations and

unallocated 16 16 …

Addenda:

European Union(1) 2,722 1,167 1,471

Eastern Europe(2) 166 124 32

Receipts

Other transportation

Freight Port services

Other Total Ocean

All countries 2,505 14,558 7,145

Canada 1,726 461 38

Europe 98 5,790 2,693

Belgium-Luxembourg 6 116 46

France 7 603 27

Germany 14 759 587

Italy 4 285 66

Netherlands 32 626 73

Norway … 200 200

Spain … 92 2

Sweden … 151 62

Switzerland … 217 52

United Kingdom 10 995 217

Other 25 1,746 1,361

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 252 1,386 237

South and Central America 258 1,190 171

Argentina … 65 …

Brazil … 255 10

Chile … 99 27

Mexico 53 344 86

Venezuela 9 37 20

Other 194 370 28

Other Western Hemisphere 36 196 66

Bermuda … … …

Other 36 196 66

Africa 19 283 39

South Africa 8 59 7

Other 11 224 32

Middle East … 489 131

Israel … 125 …

Saudi Arabia … 38 …

Other … 326 131

Asia and Pacific 370 5,597 3,455

Australia 42 119 20

China … 310 115

Hong Kong … 16 16

India … 25 3

Indonesia … 3 …

Japan 89 1,771 1,093

Korea … 1,025 564

Malaysia … 36 7

New Zealand 13 167 …

Philippines … 76 26

Singapore … 235 91

Taiwan … 726 582

Thailand … 50 2

Other 226 1,038 936

International organizations and

unallocated … 552 552

Addenda:

European Union(1) 84 4,684 1,863

Eastern Europe(2) 10 104 38

Receipts

Other transportation

Port services

Air Other

All countries 7,253 160

Canada 263 160

Europe 3,097 …

Belgium-Luxembourg 70 …

France 576 …

Germany 172 …

Italy 219 …

Netherlands 553 …

Norway … …

Spain 90 …

Sweden 89 …

Switzerland 165 …

United Kingdom 778 …

Other 385 …

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 1,149 …

South and Central America 1,019 …

Argentina 85 …

Brazil 245 …

Chile 72 …

Mexico 258 …

Venezuela 17 …

Other 342 …

Other Western Hemisphere 130 …

Bermuda … …

Other 130 …

Africa 244 …

South Africa 52 …

Other 192 …

Middle East 358 …

Israel 125 …

Saudi Arabia 38 …

Other 195 …

Asia and Pacific 2,142 …

Australia 99 …

China 195 …

Hong Kong … …

India 22 …

Indonesia 3 …

Japan 678 …

Korea 461 …

Malaysia 29 …

New Zealand 167 …

Philippines 50 …

Singapore 144 …

Taiwan 144 …

Thailand 48 …

Other 102 …

International organizations and

unallocated … …

Addenda:

European Union(1) 2,821 …

Eastern Europe(2) 68 …

Payments

Other

transportation

Pas-

senger

Travel fares Total

All countries 56,509 19,971 30,363

Canada 5,718 587 2,910

Europe 20,481 10,554 11,323

Belgium-Luxembourg 385 297 513

France 2,997 723 758

Germany 2,063 1,454 1,873

Italy 2,446 389 547

Netherlands 756 910 797

Norway 222 38 349

Spain 1,138 172 116

Sweden 209 48 171

Switzerland 755 701 224

United Kingdom 5,142 3,896 2,397

Other 4,368 1,926 3,578

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 15,736 2,894 2,351

South and Central America 11,671 2,234 1,822

Argentina 563 124 13

Brazil 764 405 86

Chile 525 87 89

Mexico 6,396 809 958

Venezuela 358 122 82

Other 3,065 687 594

Other Western Hemisphere 4,054 660 529

Bermuda 356 0 …

Other 3,698 660 529

Africa 1,185 484 165

South Africa 362 273 36

Other 823 211 129

Middle East 1,510 441 503

Israel 428 328 187

Saudi Arabia 472 77 27

Other 610 36 289

Asia and Pacific 11,890 5,011 11,727

Australia 1,201 587 214

China 924 139 707

Hong Kong 1,189 460 604

India 812 133 50

Indonesia 139 10 35

Japan 2,719 784 4,219

Korea 1,175 1,141 1,403

Malaysia 163 67 45

New Zealand 391 293 75

Philippines 658 160 109

Singapore 539 183 572

Taiwan 797 656 1,070

Thailand 442 139 58

Other 741 259 2,560

International organizations and

unallocated … … 1,384

Addenda:

European Union(1) 17,261 9,135 8,969

Eastern Europe(2) 1,326 452 219

Payments

Other transportation

Freight

Total Ocean Air

All countries 19,412 13,652 3,624

Canada 2,285 97 56

Europe 6,929 5,434 1,495

Belgium-Luxembourg 157 81 76

France 257 92 165

Germany 1,186 892 294

Italy 445 377 68

Netherlands 336 171 165

Norway 346 346 …

Spain 35 7 28

Sweden 161 124 37

Switzerland 205 97 108

United Kingdom 764 409 355

Other 3,037 2,838 199

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 647 475 168

South and Central America 471 307 160

Argentina 7 … 7

Brazil 40 18 22

Chile 75 42 33

Mexico 111 101 6

Venezuela 33 33 …

Other 205 113 92

Other Western Hemisphere 176 168 8

Bermuda … … …

Other 176 168 8

Africa 83 67 16

South Africa 29 21 8

Other 54 46 8

Middle East 335 238 97

Israel 77 … 77

Saudi Arabia 20 … 20

Other 238 238 …

Asia and Pacific 7,749 5,657 1,792

Australia 64 37 27

China 482 262 220

Hong Kong 217 215 2

India 23 13 10

Indonesia 9 5 4

Japan 2,425 1,927 498

Korea 1,295 840 455

Malaysia 35 14 21

New Zealand 22 … 22

Philippines 55 37 18

Singapore 442 323 119

Taiwan 938 778 160

Thailand 28 7 21

Other 1,714 1,499 215

International organizations and

unallocated 1,384 1,384 …

Addenda:

European Union(1) 4,878 3615 1,263

Eastern Europe(2) 124 110 14

Payments

Other transportation

Freight Port services

Other Total Ocean

All countries 2,136 10,951 1,930

Canada 2,132 625 158

Europe … 4,394 648

Belgium-Luxembourg … 356 118

France … 501 43

Germany … 687 102

Italy … 102 13

Netherlands … 461 130

Norway 3 3

Spain … 81 27

Sweden … 10 10

Switzerland … 19 …

United Kingdom … 1,633 111

Other … 541 91

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 4 1,704 337

South and Central America 4 1,351 296

Argentina … 6 6

Brazil … 48 22

Chile … 14 5

Mexico 4 847 71

Venezuela … 49 45

Other … 389 147

Other Western Hemisphere … 353 41

Bermuda … … …

Other … 353 41

Africa … 82 71

South Africa … 7 2

Other … 75 69

Middle East … 168 96

Israel … 110 52

Saudi Arabia … 7 1

Other … 51 43

Asia and Pacific … 3,978 620

Australia … 150 5

China … 225 62

Hong Kong … 387 40

India … 33 28

Indonesia … 26 26

Japan … 1,794 135

Korea … 108 65

Malaysia … 10 10

New Zealand … 53 2

Philippines … 54 10

Singapore … 130 10

Taiwan … 132 42

Thailand … 30 8

Other … 846 177

International organizations and

unallocated … … …

Addenda:

European Union(1) … 4,091 580

Eastern Europe(2) … 65 51

Payments

Other

transportation

Port services

Air Other

All countries 8,935 86

Canada 381 86

Europe 3,746 …

Belgium-Luxembourg 238 …

France 458 …

Germany 585 …

Italy 89 …

Netherlands 331 …

Norway … …

Spain 54 …

Sweden … …

Switzerland 19 …

United Kingdom 1,522 …

Other 450 …

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 1,367 …

South and Central America 1,055 …

Argentina … …

Brazil 24 …

Chile 9 …

Mexico 776 …

Venezuela 4 …

Other 242 …

Other Western Hemisphere 312 …

Bermuda … …

Other 312 …

Africa 11 …

South Africa 5 …

Other 6 …

Middle East 72 …

Israel 58 …

Saudi Arabia 6 …

Other 8 …

Asia and Pacific 3,358 …

Australia 145 …

China 163 …

Hong Kong 347 …

India 5 …

Indonesia … …

Japan 1,659 …

Korea 43 …

Malaysia … …

New Zealand 51 …

Philippines 44 …

Singapore 120 …

Taiwan 90 …

Thailand 22 …

Other 669 …

International organizations and

unallocated … …

Addenda:

European Union(1) 3,511 …

Eastern Europe(2) 44 …

(1.) See table 2, footnote 2.

(2.) See table 2, footnote 3.

Table 3.4.–Travel, Passenger Fares, and Other Transportation, 1999

[Millions of dollars]

Receipts

Other

transportation

Pas-

senger

Travel fares Total

All countries 74,881 19,776 27,033

Canada 6,670 1,540 2,479

Europe 25,581 7,093 8,429

Belgium-Luxembourg 562 232 400

France 2,330 1,002 645

Germany 4,398 1,287 1,037

Italy 1,691 517 379

Netherlands 1,216 352 10,151

Norway 439 82 193

Spain 1,043 310 245

Sweden 674 259 199

Switzerland 1,252 169 266

United Kingdom 8,398 2,535 1,719

Other 3,578 348 2,131

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 19,799 5,455 3,368

South and Central America 16,748 4,662 2,933

Argentina 1,457 655 151

Brazil 2,034 837 480

Chile 540 159 210

Mexico 4,112 952 690

Venezuela 1,697 275 159

Other 6,908 1,784 1,243

Other Western Hemisphere 3,051 793 435

Bermuda 17 9 5

Other 3,034 784 430

Africa 1,317 42 418

South Africa 386 0 97

Other 931 42 321

Middle East 2,686 398 1,093

Israel 866 281 398

Saudi Arabia 583 3 131

Other 1,237 114 564

Asia and Pacific 18,828 5,248 10,691

Australia 1,735 520 360

China 777 170 627

Hong Kong 698 267 512

India 861 34 144

Indonesia 248 198 88

Japan 9,711 3,585 3,089

Korea 1,251 20 1,477

Malaysia 206 11 170

New Zealand 542 90 191

Philippines 579 103 225

Singapore 349 55 641

Taiwan 1,189 95 1,244

Thailand 260 35 118

Other 422 95 1,805

International organizations and

unallocated … … 555

Addenda:

European Union 22,369 6,700 7,092

Eastern Europe 1,184 78 344

Receipts

Other transportation

Freight

Total Ocean Air

All countries 11,667 3,930 5,046

Canada 1,967 52 76

Europe 3,118 1,311 1,699

Belgium-Luxembourg 299 210 83

France 300 51 242

Germany 396 133 248

Italy 126 42 79

Netherlands 452 284 133

Norway 21 9 12

Spain 134 74 60

Sweden 63 25 38

Switzerland 61 … 61

United Kingdom 794 174 608

Other 472 309 135

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 1,864 448 1,100

South and Central America 1,687 381 1,030

Argentina 77 12 65

Brazil 240 18 222

Chile 56 22 34

Mexico 321 51 213

Venezuela 116 25 82

Other 877 253 414

Other Western Hemisphere 177 67 70

Bermuda 5 … 5

Other 172 67 65

Africa 190 143 28

South Africa 21 8 5

Other 169 135 23

Middle East 576 473 103

Israel 275 224 51

Saudi Arabia 85 72 13

Other 216 177 39

Asia and Pacific 3,941 1,492 2,040

Australia 199 17 134

China 211 118 93

Hong Kong 490 170 320

India 110 91 19

Indonesia 81 73 8

Japan 1,144 355 693

Korea 294 178 116

Malaysia 125 41 84

New Zealand 24 … 8

Philippines 129 56 73

Singapore 335 98 237

Taiwan 300 109 191

Thailand 64 19 45

Other 435 167 19

International organizations and

unallocated 11 11 …

Addenda:

European Union 2,782 1,091 1,599

Eastern Europe 215 178 25

Receipts

Other transportation

Freight Port services

Other Total Ocean

All countries 2,691 15,366 7,807

Canada 1,839 512 63

Europe 108 5,311 2,342

Belgium-Luxembourg 6 101 37

France 7 545 22

Germany 15 641 484

Italy 5 253 54

Netherlands 35 563 61

Norway … 172 172

Spain … 111 2

Sweden … 136 53

Switzerland … 205 45

United Kingdom 12 925 118

Other 28 1,659 1,294

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 316 1,504 339

South and Central America 278 1,246 219

Argentina … 74 …

Brazil … 240 13

Chile … 154 35

Mexico 57 369 100

Venezuela 9 43 26

Other 210 366 36

Other Western Hemisphere 40 258 120

Bermuda … … …

Other 40 258 120

Africa 19 228 52

South Africa 8 76 21

Other 11 152 31

Middle East … 517 174

Israel … 123 …

Saudi Arabia … 46 …

Other … 348 174

Asia and Pacific 409 6,750 4,293

Australia 48 161 7

China … 416 154

Hong Kong … 22 21

India … 34 3

Indonesia … 7 …

Japan 96 1,945 1,180

Korea … 1,183 754

Malaysia … 45 9

New Zealand 16 167 …

Philippines … 96 35

Singapore … 306 121

Taiwan … 944 778

Thailand … 54 3

Other 249 1,370 1,228

International organizations and

unallocated … 544 544

Addenda:

European Union 92 4,310 1,629

Eastern Europe 12 129 44

Receipts

Other transportation

Freight

Air Other

All countries 7,392 167

Canada 282 167

Europe 2,969 …

Belgium-Luxembourg 64 …

France 523 …

Germany 157 …

Italy 199 …

Netherlands 502 …

Norway … …

Spain 109 …

Sweden 83 …

Switzerland 160 …

United Kingdom 807 …

Other 365 …

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 1,165 …

South and Central America 1,027 …

Argentina 74 …

Brazil 227 …

Chile 119 …

Mexico 260 …

Venezuela 17 …

Other 330 …

Other Western Hemisphere 138 …

Bermuda … …

Other 138 …

Africa 176 …

South Africa 55 …

Other 121 …

Middle East 343 …

Israel 123 …

Saudi Arabia 46 …

Other 174 …

Asia and Pacific 2,457 …

Australia 154 …

China 262 …

Hong Kong 1 …

India 31 …

Indonesia 7 …

Japan 765 …

Korea 429 …

Malaysia 36 …

New Zealand 167 …

Philippines 61 …

Singapore 185 …

Taiwan 166 …

Thailand 51 …

Other 142 …

International organizations and

unallocated … …

Addenda:

European Union 2,681 …

Eastern Europe 65 …

Payments

Other

transportation

Pas-

senger

Travel fares Total

All countries 59,351 21,405 34,137

Canada 6,135 712 3,224

Europe 21,411 11,053 11,410

Belgium-Luxembourg 369 266 522

France 3,118 805 765

Germany 2,230 1,685 1,786

Italy 2,865 488 536

Netherlands 799 800 637

Norway 190 39 367

Spain 1,223 289 124

Sweden 203 91 192

Switzerland 800 833 294

United Kingdom 5,457 3,818 2,507

Other 4,157 1,939 3,480

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 16,403 3,039 2,607

South and Central America 11,809 2,331 2,096

Argentina 465 140 31

Brazil 831 336 111

Chile 375 93 154

Mexico 6,074 960 1,070

Venezuela 355 111 105

Other 3,709 691 625

Other Western Hemisphere 4,564 708 511

Bermuda 416 0 …

Other 4,178 708 511

Africa 1,201 490 216

South Africa 283 308 64

Other 918 182 152

Middle East 1,748 475 634

Israel 541 368 203

Saudi Arabia 629 73 31

Other 578 34 400

Asia and Pacific 12,453 5,636 14,899

Australia 1,243 642 197

China 1,030 161 1,008

Hong Kong 1,225 571 789

India 751 113 69

Indonesia 168 0 56

Japan 2,645 858 4,986

Korea 1,244 1,180 1,551

Malaysia 129 73 43

New Zealand 475 401 72

Philippines 604 224 151

Singapore 572 199 778

Taiwan 859 720 1,552

Thailand 472 125 152

Other 816 369 3,495

International organizations and … … 1,147

unallocated

Addenda:

European Union 18,325 9,577 9,284

Eastern Europe 1,274 370 229

Payments

Other transportation

Freight

Total Ocean Air

All countries 22,214 15,726 4,137

Canada 2,510 101 62

Europe 6,746 5,133 …

Belgium-Luxembourg 174 74 100

France 243 65 158

Germany 1,116 815 301

Italy 422 345 77

Netherlands 333 157 176

Norway 361 361 …

Spain 37 7 30

Sweden 184 138 46

Switzerland 269 102 167

United Kingdom 743 304 439

Other 2,864 2,745 119

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 762 582 176

South and Central America 600 429 167

Argentina 15 1 14

Brazil 49 25 24

Chile 112 59 53

Mexico 151 140 7

Venezuela 46 46 …

Other 227 168 69

Other Western Hemisphere 162 153 9

Bermuda … … …

Other 162 153 9

Africa 112 98 14

South Africa 54 45 9

Other 58 53 5

Middle East 477 352 125

Israel 77 … 77

Saudi Arabia 20 … 20

Other 380 352 28

Asia and Pacific 10,460 8,313 2,147

Australia 45 16 29

China 728 386 342

Hong Kong 318 316 2

India 26 19 7

Indonesia 8 7 1

Japan 2,937 2,362 575

Korea 1,422 1,237 185

Malaysia 35 21 14

New Zealand 22 … 22

Philippines 76 54 22

Singapore 634 475 159

Taiwan 1,384 1,145 239

Thailand 102 10 92

Other 2,723 2,265 458

International organizations and 1,147 1,147 …

unallocated

Addenda:

European Union 4,956 3,550 1,406

Eastern Europe 119 100 19

Payments

Other transportation

Freight Port services

Other Total Ocean

All countries 2,351 11,923 1,973

Canada 2,347 714 170

Europe … 4,864 601

Belgium-Luxembourg … 348 90

France … 522 37

Germany … 670 96

Italy … 114 12

Netherlands … 504 131

Norway … 6 6

Spain … 87 25

Sweden … 8 8

Switzerland … 25 …

United Kingdom … 1,764 84

Other … 616 112

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 4 1,845 285

South and Central America 4 1,496 244

Argentina … 16 2

Brazil … 62 6

Chile … 42 17

Mexico 4 919 50

Venezuela … 59 47

Other … 398 122

Other Western Hemisphere … 349 41

Bermuda … … …

Other … 349 41

Africa … 104 91

South Africa … 10 4

Other … 94 87

Middle East … 157 92

Israel … 126 72

Saudi Arabia … 11 8

Other … 20 12

Asia and Pacific … 4,439 734

Australia … 152 3

China … 280 127

Hong Kong … 471 4

India … 43 33

Indonesia … 48 48

Japan … 2,049 151

Korea … 129 90

Malaysia … 8 8

New Zealand … 50 1

Philippines … 75 25

Singapore … 144 27

Taiwan … 168 31

Thailand … 50 23

Other … 772 73

International organizations and … … …

unallocated

Addenda:

European Union … 4,328 506

Eastern Europe … 110 75

Receipts

Other

transportation

Port services

Air Other

All countries 9,852 98

Canada 446 98

Europe 4,063 …

Belgium-Luxembourg 258 …

France 485 …

Germany 574 …

Italy 102 …

Netherlands 373 …

Norway … …

Spain 62 …

Sweden … …

Switzerland 25 …

United Kingdom 1,680 …

Other 504 …

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 1,580 …

South and Central America 1,252 …

Argentina 14 …

Brazil 58 …

Chile 25 …

Mexico 869 …

Venezuela 12 …

Other 276 …

Other Western Hemisphere 308 …

Bermuda … …

Other 308 …

Africa 13 …

South Africa 6 …

Other 7 …

Middle East 65 …

Israel 54 …

Saudi Arabia 3 …

Other 8 …

Asia and Pacific 3,705 …

Australia 149 …

China 153 …

Hong Kong 377 …

India 10 …

Indonesia … …

Japan 1,898 …

Korea 39 …

Malaysia … …

New Zealand 49 …

Philippines 50 …

Singapore 117 …

Taiwan 137 …

Thailand 27 …

Other 699 …

International organizations and … …

unallocated

Addenda:

European Union 3,822 …

Eastern Europe 35 …

(1.) See table 2, footnote 2.

(2.) See table 2, footnote 3.

Table 4.1.–Royalties and License Fees, 1996

[Millions of dollars]

Receipts

Affiliated

By U.S.

parents

from

their

foreign

Total Total affiliates

All countries 32,470 24,556 22,719

Canada 1,526 1,279 1,229

Europe 16,863 14,120 12,866

Belgium-Luxembourg 816 683 623

France 2,419 2,115 1,720

Germany 2,841 2,174 2,099

Italy 1,170 949 906

Netherlands 2,169 (D) 1,859

Norway 108 84 83

Spain 709 591 589

Sweden 546 (D) 244

Switzerland 632 510 471

United Kingdom 3,017 2,532 2,204

Other 2,435 (D) 2,067

Latin America and Other 1,599 1,205 1,183

Western Hemisphere

South and Central America 1,454 1,100 1,080

Argentina 202 148 145

Brazil 426 311 311

Chile 46 22 20

Mexico 474 (D) 384

Venezuela 110 (D) 82

Other 196 138 138

Other Western Hemisphere 145 105 102

Bermuda 83 (D) (D)

Other 62 (D) (D)

Africa 237 144 142

South Africa 164 102 102

Other 73 41 40

Middle East 117 32 28

Israel 57 19 19

Saudi Arabia 32 6 6

Other 28 7 4

Asia and Pacific 10,407 6,546 6,132

Australia 696 542 540

China 153 90 87

Hong Kong 338 260 256

India 66 19 19

Indonesia 80 32 31

Japan 5,940 3,584 3,220

Korea, Republic of 823 231 (D)

Malaysia 127 72 71

New Zealand 80 57 57

Philippines 92 66 65

Singapore 1,457 1,374 (D)

Taiwan 402 135 131

Thailand 134 83 83

Other 21 2 2

International organizations 1720 1230 1138

and unallocated

Addenda:

European Union(1) 15,924 13,416 12,202

Eastern Europe(2) 145 83 83

Receipts

Affiliated Unaffiliated

By U.S.

affiliates

from Indus-

their trial

foreign proc-

affiliates Total esses

All countries 1,837 7,914 3,566

Canada 50 247 82

Europe 1,254 2,743 1,042

Belgium-Luxembourg 59 134 90

France 395 304 123

Germany 74 668 219

Italy 43 221 66

Netherlands (D) (D) 80

Norway (*) 24 3

Spain 1 118 26

Sweden (D) (D) 137

Switzerland 39 122 84

United Kingdom 328 485 129

Other (D) (D) 84

Latin America and Other 22 394 82

Western Hemisphere

South and Central America 19 354 (D)

Argentina 3 54 4

Brazil 0 115 14

Chile 2 25 6

Mexico (D) (D) 26

Venezuela (D) (D) 7

Other 1 58 (D)

Other Western Hemisphere 3 40 (D)

Bermuda 0 (D) (D)

Other 3 (D) (*)

Africa 1 93 28

South Africa 0 62 23

Other 1 31 5

Middle East 4 85 25

Israel 0 38 8

Saudi Arabia (*) 26 11

Other 4 21 5

Asia and Pacific 414 3,861 2,299

Australia 2 154 36

China 3 63 43

China 3 63 43

Hong Kong 3 78 19

India 0 47 37

Indonesia 1 48 13

Japan 364 2,356 1,429

Korea, Republic of (D) 593 478

Malaysia 1 55 (D)

New Zealand 0 23 5

Philippines 2 26 2

Singapore (D) 83 37

Taiwan 4 267 130

Thailand 0 51 27

Other 0 19 (D)

International organizations 92 490 8

and unallocated

Addenda:

European Union(1) 1,214 2,508 937

Eastern Europe(2) 0 62 11

Receipts

Unaffiliated

Broad-

casting

and

Books, record-

records, ing of Fran-

and live chise

tapes events fees

All countries 323 315 419

Canada 15 12 36

Europe 193 122 170

Belgium-Luxembourg 3 4 2

France 26 20 10

Germany 41 28 81

Italy 21 10 3

Netherlands 9 6 3

Norway 2 1 2

Spain 13 9 4

Sweden 5 5 4

Switzerland 5 3 2

United Kingdom 52 (D) 34

Other 16 (D) 23

Latin America and Other 24 68 38

Western Hemisphere

South and Central America 23 60 26

Argentina 4 17 3

Brazil 11 19 2

Chile 1 5 2

Mexico 4 11 7

Venezuela 1 2 1

Other 2 7 11

Other Western Hemisphere 1 8 12

Bermuda 0 (*) (*)

Other 1 8 12

Africa 5 1 9

South Africa 4 1 3

Other 1 (*) 6

Middle East 7 (*) 24

Israel 4 (*) 8

Saudi Arabia 3 0 7

Other (*) (*) 9

Asia and Pacific 64 (D) 131

Australia 13 9 14

China 1 1 5

China 1 1 5

Hong Kong 2 4 10

India 1 (*) 1

Indonesia 4 3 5

Japan 30 30 41

Korea, Republic of 4 1 9

Malaysia (*) (D) 8

New Zealand 1 2 3

Philippines 2 1 4

Singapore 3 1 8

Taiwan 2 4 10

Thailand 1 1 10

Other (*) (D) 3

International organizations 15 (D) 11

and unallocated

Addenda:

European Union(1) 182 116 153

Eastern Europe(2) 4 3 8

Receipts

Unaffiliated

Trade-

marks Other

All countries 964 2,326

Canada 35 67

Europe 333 882

Belgium-Luxembourg 11 23

France 37 87

Germany 32 267

Italy 45 78

Netherlands 13 (D)

Norway 6 11

Spain 40 25

Sweden 7 (D)

Switzerland 8 21

United Kingdom 49 (D)

Other 85 (D)

Latin America and Other 101 81

Western Hemisphere

South and Central America 98 (D)

Argentina 20 6

Brazil 30 38

Chile 9 2

Mexico 17 (D)

Venezuela 7 (D)

Other 15 (D)

Other Western Hemisphere 3 (D)

Bermuda (*) (*)

Other 3 (D)

Africa 21 28

South Africa 11 18

Other 10 10

Middle East 13 16

Israel 7 11

Saudi Arabia 3 2

Other 3 3

Asia and Pacific 454 (D)

Australia 22 61

China 7 6

China 7 6

Hong Kong 31 13

India 3 5

Indonesia 15 8

Japan 309 517

Korea, Republic of 21 80

Malaysia 3 (D)

New Zealand 5 8

Philippines 13 4

Singapore 4 30

Taiwan 9 111

Thailand 8 4

Other 5 (D)

International organizations 6 (D)

and unallocated

Addenda:

European Union(1) 302 818

Eastern Europe(2) 8 28

Payments

Affiliated

By U.S.

parents

from

their

foreign

Total Total affiliates

All countries 7,837 5,406 761

Canada 225 128 22

Europe 4,835 3,705 541

Belgium-Luxembourg 118 (D) (D)

France 470 203 30

Germany 719 543 60

Italy 126 73 18

Netherlands 393 366 16

Norway 12 4 1

Spain 16 13 11

Sweden 104 54 3

Switzerland 687 589 68

United Kingdom 1,915 1,589 165

Other 275 (D) (D)

Latin America and Other 201 123 36

Western Hemisphere

South and Central America 164 (D) (D)

Argentina 38 (D) 4

Brazil 1 (*) 0

Chile (*) (*) (*)

Mexico 65 (D) 11

Venezuela 35 (D) 2

Other 24 (D) (D)

Other Western Hemisphere 37 (D) (D)

Bermuda 2 2 (*)

Other 35 (D) (D)

Africa 6 1 1

South Africa 6 1 1

Other (*) (*) (*)

Middle East 14 2 (*)

Israel 12 2 0

Saudi Arabia (*) (*) (*)

Other 2 0 0

Asia and Pacific 1,641 1,153 129

Australia 35 18 11

China (D) (*) (*)

China (D) (*) (*)

Hong Kong 14 6 6

India 7 0 0

Indonesia 2 1 1

Japan 1,434 1,069 87

Korea, Republic of 47 (D) 10

Malaysia 3 0 0

New Zealand (D) (*) (*)

Philippines 3 (*) (*)

Singapore (D) (D) 1

Taiwan 16 14 11

Thailand 2 2 2

Other (*) 0 0

International organizations 916 294 42

and unallocated

Addenda:

European Union(1) 4,071 3,106 467

Eastern Europe(2) 12 6 5

Payments

Affiliated Unaffiliated

By U.S.

affiliates

from Indus-

their trial

foreign proc-

affiliates Total esses

All countries 4,645 2,431 1,139

Canada 106 97 66

Europe 3,164 1,129 782

Belgium-Luxembourg 70 (D) (D)

France 173 267 192

Germany 483 176 148

Italy 55 52 49

Netherlands 350 27 24

Norway 3 7 5

Spain 1 4 1

Sweden 51 50 49

Switzerland 520 98 72

United Kingdom 1,423 326 135

Other 34 (D) (D)

Latin America and Other 97 78 51

Western Hemisphere

South and Central America 92 (D) (D)

Argentina (D) (D) (D)

Brazil (*) 1 (*)

Chile 0 (*) 0

Mexico (D) (D) 5

Venezuela (D) (D) 1

Other (*) (D) (D)

Other Western Hemisphere 5 (D) (D)

Bermuda 1 (*) 0

Other 4 (D) (D)

Africa 0 5 4

South Africa 0 5 4

Other 0 (*) 0

Middle East 2 12 12

Israel 2 10 10

Saudi Arabia 0 (*) 0

Other 0 2 2

Asia and Pacific 1,024 488 401

Australia 6 17 9

China 0 (D) (D)

Hong Kong 0 8 2

India 0 7 (D)

Indonesia 0 1 (*)

Japan 982 366 308

Korea, Republic of (D) (D) (D)

Malaysia 0 3 3

New Zealand (*) (D) 1

Philippines 0 3 1

Singapore 2 2 (*)

Taiwan 0 3 2

Thailand 0 (*) 0

Other 0 (*) (*)

International organizations 252 622 3

and unallocated

Addenda:

European Union(1) 2,639 965 649

Eastern Europe(2) 1 6 4

Payments

Unaffiliated

Broad-

casting

and

Books, record-

records, ing of Fran-

and live chise

tapes events fees

All countries 146 523 6

Canada 20 3 0

Europe 94 (D) 6

Belgium-Luxembourg (*) (*) 0

France 6 4 0

Germany 4 (*) 0

Italy 2 1 0

Netherlands 2 (*) 0

Norway (*) 0 0

Spain 1 (*) 0

Sweden 1 (*) 0

Switzerland 3 (D) 0

United Kingdom 71 33 0

Other 3 (*) 6

Latin America and Other 6 1 0

Western Hemisphere

South and Central America 4 1 0

Argentina 1 0 0

Brazil (*) (*) 0

Chile 0 0 0

Mexico 3 1 0

Venezuela (*) (*) 0

Other 1 0 0

Other Western Hemisphere 1 0 0

Bermuda 0 0 0

Other 1 0 0

Africa 1 0 (*)

South Africa 1 0 (*)

Other (*) 0 0

Middle East (*) 0 0

Israel (*) 0 0

Saudi Arabia 0 0 0

Other 0 0 0

Asia and Pacific 20 1 0

Australia 4 (*) 0

China 0 0 0

Hong Kong 1 0 0

India 0 0 0

Indonesia (*) 0 0

Japan (D) (*) 0

Korea, Republic of 0 0 0

Malaysia 0 0 0

New Zealand (D) 0 0

Philippines 1 0 0

Singapore (*) 0 0

Taiwan (*) 0 0

Thailand 0 0 0

Other (*) 0 0

International organizations 5 (D) 0

and unallocated

Addenda:

European Union(1) 89 38 6

Eastern Europe(2) 2 0 0

Payments

Unaffiliated

Trade-

marks Other

All countries 145 293

Canada 2 7

Europe (D) 126

Belgium-Luxembourg 1 (*)

France 3 (D)

Germany 10 14

Italy 1 (*)

Netherlands (*) 1

Norway (*) 2

Spain (*) (*)

Sweden (*) (*)

Switzerland (D) (*)

United Kingdom 42 44

Other 1 (D)

Latin America and Other (D) (D)

Western Hemisphere

South and Central America (D) (D)

Argentina (*) (*)

Brazil (*) (*)

Chile 0 (*)

Mexico (D) (D)

Venezuela 1 (*)

Other 0 (D)

Other Western Hemisphere 0 (*)

Bermuda 0 (*)

Other 0 (*)

Africa 0 (*)

South Africa 0 (*)

Other 0 (*)

Middle East (*) (*)

Israel (*) (*)

Saudi Arabia (*) (*)

Other 0 (*)

Asia and Pacific 15 52

Australia 1 2

China 0 (*)

Hong Kong 4 1

India 0 (D)

Indonesia 0 (*)

Japan 9 (D)

Korea, Republic of (*) (*)

Malaysia 0 (*)

New Zealand (*) (*)

Philippines 0 1

Singapore (*) 1

Taiwan (*) 1

Thailand 0 (*)

Other 0 (*)

International organizations (D) (D)

and unallocated

Addenda:

European Union(1) 58 124

Eastern Europe(2) 0 (*)

(*) Less than $500,000.

(D) Suppressed to avoid disclosure of data of individual companies.

(1.) See table 2, footnote 2.

(2.) See table 2, footnote 3.

Table 4.2.–Royalties and License Fees, 1997

[Millions of dollars]

Receipts

Affiliated

By U.S.

Total parents

from

their

foreign

Total affiliates

All countries 33,639 24,876 23,091

Canada 1,597 1,287 1,249

Europe 16,324 13,283 12,533

Belgium-Luxembourg 681 585 569

France 2,261 1,923 1,851

Germany 2,765 2,069 2,005

Italy 1,062 810 772

Netherlands 2,419 2,267 2,107

Norway 98 72 71

Spain 599 454 454

Sweden 402 (D) 215

Switzerland 682 561 467

United Kingdom 2,996 2,410 2,125

Other 2,358 (D) 1,898

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 2,120 1,711 1,644

South and Central America 1,757 1,370 1,306

Argentina 204 158 157

Brazil 493 359 355

Chile 48 27 26

Mexico 651 558 506

Venezuela 131 97 98

Other 230 172

Other Western Hemisphere 362 341 338

Bermuda 78 78 78

Other 284 263 260

Africa 232 121 121

South Africa 160 97 97

Other 72 24 24

Middle East 169 39 35

Israel 67 18 18

Saudi Arabia 52 141 13

Other 50 8 3

Asia and Pacific 11,387 7,191 6,354

Australia 684 520 516

China 250 165 164

Hong Kong 343 (D) 256

India 76 20 20

Indonesia 86 37 36

Japan 6,700 4,086 3,363

Korea, Republic of 879 (D) 241

Malaysia 118 81 77

New Zealand 97 73 73

Philippines 102 70 68

Singapore 1,379 1,301 1,282

Taiwan 497 160 159

Thailand 160 96 98

Other 15 3 3

International organizations and

unallocated 1,811 1,243 1,154

Addenda:

European Union(3) 15,230 12,461 11,830

Eastern Europe(4) 218 140 137

Receipts

Affiliated Unaffiliated

By U.S.

affiliates Indus-

from Total trial

their proc-

foreign esses

parents

All countries 1,785 8,763 3,544

Canada 38 310 92

Europe 750 3,040 979

Belgium-Luxembourg 16 96 57

France 72 337 92

Germany 64 696 194

Italy 38 252 77

Netherlands 160 152 71

Norway 1 27 4

Spain (*) 145 29

Sweden (D) (D) 115

Switzerland 95 121 76

United Kingdom 285 596 147

Other (D) (D) 126

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 67 409 81

South and Central America 64 387 81

Argentina 2 46 5

Brazil 5 134 17

Chile 1 21 6

Mexico 51 94 32

Venezuela (*) 35 11

Other 1,666 58 11

Other Western Hemisphere 3 21 1

Bermuda 0 1 (*)

Other 3 21 (*)

Africa 0 111 15

South Africa 0 63 11

Other 0 48 4

Middle East 6 129 41

Israel 0 49 (D)

Saudi Arabia (*) 39 17

Other 4 42 (D)

Asia and Pacific 837 4,196 2,299

Australia 4 165 32

China 1 65 52

Hong Kong (D) (D) 21

India 0 56 29

Indonesia (*) 50 26

Japan 726 2,613 1,508

Korea, Republic of (D) (D) 389

Malaysia 3 38 12

New Zealand 0 24 4

Philippines 1 33 7

Singapore 19 78 39

Taiwan 1 337 144

Thailand 0 64 36

Other 0 12 1

International organizations and

unallocated 89 568 36

Addenda:

European Union(3) 652 2,749 885

Eastern Europe(4) 3 79 7

Receipts

Unaffiliated

Broad-

casting

Books, and Fran-

records, record- chise

and ing of fees

tapes live

events

All countries 316 202 475

Canada 17 23 29

Europe 197 129 192

Belgium-Luxembourg 4 4 2

France 33 19 18

Germany 39 27 76

Italy 20 11 3

Netherlands 9 7 5

Norway 1 1 3

Spain 18 9 5

Sweden 5 4 4

Switzerland 5 3 2

United Kingdom 48 32 42

Other 16 12 31

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 24 18 44

South and Central America 23 16 31

Argentina 5 3 3

Brazil 11 6 3

Chile 1 (*) 3

Mexico 56 6 7

Venezuela 1 (*) 1

Other 1 1 14

Other Western Hemisphere 1 1 14

Bermuda 0 (*) (*)

Other 1 1 14

Africa 4 2 12

South Africa 3 2 (D)

Other 1 (*) (D)

Middle East 9 1 34

Israel 4 1 8

Saudi Arabia 5 0 9

Other 1 0 17

Asia and Pacific 49 288 148

Australia 9 7 15

China 1 1 5

Hong Kong 2 6 11

India (*) (*) 4

Indonesia 2 (*) 10

Japan 26 10 28

Korea, Republic of 2 1 16

Malaysia 1 (*) 14

New Zealand (*) (*) 4

Philippines 3 1 6

Singapore 1 (*) 5

Taiwan 2 (*) 15

Thailand 1 1 11

Other (*) (*) 3

International organizations and

unallocated 14 2 17

Addenda:

European Union(3) 186 122 170

Eastern Europe(4) 4 2 8

Receipts Payments

Unaffiliated

Total

Trade- Other(1)

marks

All countries 1,105 3,121 9,614

Canada 48 100 321

Europe 372 1,171 5,728

Belgium-Luxembourg 8 21 136

France 41 133 632

Germany 25 345 898

Italy 44 97 126

Netherlands 7 54 398

Norway 2 18 16

Spain 44 41 20

Sweden 8 (D) 149

Switzerland 5 29 781

United Kingdom 77 241 2,114

Other 110 (D) 461

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 110 131 (D)

South and Central America 108 129 162

Argentina 16 14 9

Brazil 38 59 11

Chile 8 4 1

Mexico 19 27 117

Venezuela 10 12 2

Other 18 13 24

Other Western Hemisphere 2 3 (D)

Bermuda 0 (*) (D)

Other 2 2 52

Africa 22 56 18

South Africa 9 (D) 11

Other 12 (D) 7

Middle East 10 36 14

Israel 5 (D) 13

Saudi Arabia 2 5 1

Other 2 (D) (*)

Asia and Pacific 516 1,156 (D)

Australia 25 77 90

China 6 20 (D)

Hong Kong 27 (D) 30

India 11 11 13

Indonesia 5 5 3

Japan 374 668 2,065

Korea, Republic of 22 (D) (D)

Malaysia 2 10 4

New Zealand 4 12 10

Philippines 14 2 2

Singapore 5 27 7

Taiwan 11 165 22

Thailand 4 13 9

Other 5 2 (D)

International organizations and

unallocated 27 471 489

Addenda:

European Union(3) 325 1,059 4,832

Eastern Europe(4) (D) (D) 18

Payments

Affiliated

By U.S. By U.S.

parents affiliates

from from

Total their their

foreign foreign

affiliates parents

All countries 7,202 1,379 5,823

Canada 187 30 157

Europe 4,393 687 3,706

Belgium-Luxembourg 100 23 77

France 281 28 253

Germany 682 67 6t5

Italy 78 26 52

Netherlands 347 17 330

Norway 2 1 1

Spain 12 10 2

Sweden (D) 6 (D)

Switzerland 678 73 605

United Kingdom 1,796 259 1,537

Other (D) 176 (D)

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere (D) (D) 98

South and Central America 115 28 87

Argentina 7 1 6

Brazil 1 1 (*)

Chile 0 0 0

Mexico 101 20 80

Venezuela 1 1 0

Other 5 4 1

Other Western Hemisphere (D) (D) 7

Bermuda (D) (D) 11

Other 27 23 4

Africa 5 5 0

South Africa 1 1 0

Other 4 4 0

Middle East 2 1 1

Israel 2 1 1

Saudi Arabia (*) (*) 0

Other 0 0 0

Asia and Pacific (D) (D) 1,620

Australia (D) 9 (D)

China 1 1 0

Hong Kong (D) 10 (D)

India (*) (*) 0

Indonesia 1 1 0

Japan 1,625 86 1,540

Korea, Republic of (D) (D) 5

Malaysia 0 0 0

New Zealand (*) 0 (*)

Philippines (*) (*) 0

Singapore (D) 1 (D)

Taiwan 16 15 2

Thailand 5 5 0

Other 1 1 0

International organizations and

unallocated 299 57 242

Addenda:

European Union(3) 3,702 602 3,100

Eastern Europe(4) 6 5 1

Payments

Unaffiliated

Indus- Books,

Total trial records,

proc- and

esses tapes

All countries 2,412 1,417 151

Canada 134 89 17

Europe 1,335 729 107

Belgium-Luxembourg 36 30 1

France 351 (D) 6

Germany 214 149 4

Italy 46 35 2

Netherlands 52 30 2

Norway 14 9 (*)

Spain 8 1 1

Sweden (D) 61 1

Switzerland 103 86 2

United Kingdom 318 118 84

Other (D) (D) 3

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 71 50 (D)

South and Central America 47 28 (D)

Argentina 2 (*) (*)

Brazil 9 4 (*)

Chile 1 0 0

Mexico 16 (D) (D)

Venezuela 1 (*) (*)

Other 18 (D) (*)

Other Western Hemisphere 24 22 (*)

Bermuda 0 0 0

Other 24 22 (*)

Africa 13 5 1

South Africa 11 5 (*)

Other 3 0 (*)

Middle East 12 9 (*)

Israel 11 9 (*)

Saudi Arabia 1 0 0

Other (*) 0 0

Asia and Pacific 655 530 15

Australia (D) 9 4

China (D) (D) (*)

Hong Kong (D) 2 1

India 13 (D) 0

Indonesia 1 (*) 0

Japan 440 360 1

Korea, Republic of 17 (D) (*)

Malaysia 4 3 0

New Zealand 10 (*) 8

Philippines 2 (*) 2

Singapore (D) 2 0

Taiwan 6 4 (*)

Thailand 4 3 0

Other (D) (D) 0

International organizations and

unallocated 190 4 (D)

Addenda:

European Union(3) 1,130 558 103

Eastern Europe(4) 12 2 2

Payments

Affiliated

Broad-

casting

and Fran-

record- chise Trade-

ing of fees marks

live

events

All countries 60 4 203

Canada 9 0 4

Europe 40 4 93

Belgium-Luxembourg (*) 0 2

France 5 0 5

Germany (*) 0 (D)

Italy 1 0 4

Netherlands (*) 0 (D)

Norway 1 0 (*)

Spain 1 0 1

Sweden (*) 0 6

Switzerland 8 0 2

United Kingdom 21 0 51

Other 2 4 (*)

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere 2 0 1

South and Central America 1 0 1

Argentina (*) 0 0

Brazil (*) 0 (*)

Chile (*) 0 0

Mexico 1 0 (*)

Venezuela (*) 0 (*)

Other 0 0 1

Other Western Hemisphere 1 0 0

Bermuda 0 0 0

Other 1 0 0

Africa 4 0 0

South Africa 1 0 0

Other 3 0 0

Middle East 0 0 1

Israel 0 0 1

Saudi Arabia 0 0 (*)

Other 0 0 0

Asia and Pacific 5 0 26

Australia 2 0 2

China 0 0 (*)

Hong Kong 0 0 (*)

India 1 0 0

Indonesia 0 0 0

Japan 1 0 23

Korea, Republic of 0 0 (*)

Malaysia 0 0 0

New Zealand 0 0 (*)

Philippines 0 0 (*)

Singapore (*) 0 0

Taiwan 0 0 0

Thailand (*) 0 0

Other 1 0 0

International organizations and

unallocated (*) (*) 78

Addenda:

European Union(3) 30 4 90

Eastern Europe(4) (*) 0 (*)

Payments

Unaffiliated

Other(2)

All countries 577

Canada 14

Europe 362

Belgium-Luxembourg 3

France (D)

Germany (D)

Italy 6

Netherlands (D)

Norway 3

Spain 5

Sweden (D)

Switzerland 5

United Kingdom 43

Other (D)

Latin America and Other Western

Hemisphere (D)

South and Central America (D)

Argentina 1

Brazil 5

Chile 1

Mexico 4

Venezuela (*)

Other (D)

Other Western Hemisphere 1

Bermuda 0

Other 1

Africa 3

South Africa 3

Other 0

Middle East 2

Israel 1

Saudi Arabia 1

Other (*)

Asia and Pacific 79

Australia (D)

China 1

Hong Kong (D)

India (D)

Indonesia 1

Japan 55

Korea, Republic of (D)

Malaysia 1

New Zealand 3

Philippines 1

Singapore (D)

Taiwan 2

Thailand (*)

Other 0

International organizations and

unallocated (D)

Addenda:

European Union(3) 345

Eastern Europe(4) 8

(*) Less than $500,000.

(D) Suppressed to avoid disclosure of data of individual companies,

(1.) Receipts include $2.7 billion for the rights to distribute use and reproduce computer software. In order to avoid disclosure of data for individual companies, BEA cannot provide data for individual countries.

(2.) Payments include $.5 billion for the rights to distribute, use, and reproduce computer software. In order to avoid disclosure of data for individual companies, BEA cannot provide data for individual countries.

(3.) See table 2, footnote 2.

(4.) See table 2, footnote 3.

Table 4.3.–Royalties and License Fees, 1998

[Millions of dollars]

Receipts

Affiliated

By U.S.

parents

from

their

foreign

Total Total affiliates

All countries 36,197 26,809 24,720

Canada 1,651 1,330 1,290

Europe 19,097 15,503 14,202

Belgium-Luxembourg 688 563 558

France 2,245 1,854 1,825

Germany 3,227 2,321 2,115

Italy 1,060 801 777

Netherlands 2,838 2,686 2,561

Norway 117 83 82

Spain 558 417 417

Sweden 489 (D) 245

Switzerland 912 764 589

United Kingdom 3,621 2,996 2,342

Other 3,342 (D) 2,691

Latin America and Other

Hemisphere 2,683 2,125 1,953

South and Central America 2,079 1,578 1,408

Argentina 255 (D) 177

Brazil 584 (D) 394

Chile 60 34 29

Mexico 762 620 534

Venezuela 141 101 99

Other 277 210 175

Other Western Hemisphere 604 547 544

Bermuda (D) 79 79

Other (D) 468 466

Africa 328 229 204

South Africa 188 (D) 99

Other 140 (D) 105

Middle East 154 32 28

Israel 76 18 18

Saudi Arabia 40 7 6

Other 38 7 3

Asia and Pacific 10,408 6,247 5,806

Australia 728 538 518

China 315 215 213

Hong Kong 261 181 176

India 62 17 17

Indonesia 45 18 18

Japan 5,977 3,563 3,237

Korea, Republic of 847 (D) 161

Malaysia 119 53 50

New Zealand 79 54 54

Philippines 85 52 52

Singapore 1,174 1,106 1,092

Taiwan 594 156 154

Thailand 107 64 60

Other 15 (D) 4

International organizations

and unallocated 1,874 1,342 1,236

Addenda:

European Union(1) 17,676 14,438 13,324

Eastern Europe(4) 296 182 164

Receipts

Affiliated Unaffiliated

By U.S.

affiliates

from Indus-

their trial

foreign proc-

parents Total esses

All countries 2,089 9,388 3,573

Canada 40 321 83

Europe 1,301 3,594 1,194

Belgium-Luxembourg 6 124 72

France 29 391 143

Germany 206 906 248

Italy 24 259 53

Netherlands 125 152 59

Norway 1 34 3

Spain 0 141 28

Sweden (D) (D) 149

Switzerland 175 148 90

United Kingdom 654 625 157

Other (D) (D) 192

Latin America and Other

Hemisphere 173 557 112

South and Central America 170 500 (D)

Argentina (D) (D) 7

Brazil (D) (D) 18

Chile 5 25 5

Mexico 86 142 40

Venezuela 2 40 12

Other 35 67 (D)

Other Western Hemisphere 3 57 (D)

Bermuda (*) (D) (D)

Other 3 (D) 1

Africa 25 99 17

South Africa (D) (D) 14

Other (D) (D) 3

Middle East 4 123 21

Israel 0 59 4

Saudi Arabia (*) 34 11

Other 4 30 6

Asia and Pacific 441 4,161 2,136

Australia 20 190 33

China 1 100 47

Hong Kong 4 80 27

India 0 45 20

Indonesia (*) 27 11

Japan 326 2,413 1,199

Korea, Republic of (D) (D) 489

Malaysia 3 67 43

New Zealand (*) 25 2

Philippines 0 33 7

Singapore 15 68 41

Taiwan 2 438 194

Thailand 4 43 19

Other (D) (D) 2

International organizations

and unallocated 10 532 10

Addenda:

European Union(1) 1,114 3,238 1,082

Eastern Europe(4) 18 114 14

Receipts

Unaffiliated

Broad-

casting

and

Books, record-

records, ing of Fran-

and live chise

tapes events fees

All countries 324 242 506

Canada 19 (D) 41

Europe 188 173 230

Belgium-Luxembourg 3 3 3

France 25 31 15

Germany 39 68 80

Italy 20 12 20

Netherlands 9 6 6

Norway 2 1 5

Spain 12 10 5

Sweden 6 4 6

Switzerland 6 4 2

United Kingdom 48 21 48

Other 19 12 40

Latin America and Other

Hemisphere 31 17 53

South and Central America 29 16 36

Argentina 6 4 43

Brazil 12 4 4

Chile 1 (*) 3

Mexico 6 8 9

Venezuela 1 (*) 2

Other 3 1 15

Other Western Hemisphere 2 (*) 16

Bermuda 0 0 (*)

Other 2 (*) 16

Africa 5 1 12

South Africa 4 1 6

Other 1 (*) 7

Middle East 6 1 38

Israel 4 1 9

Saudi Arabia 1 0 12

Other 1 0 18

Asia and Pacific 62 32 123

Australia 10 5 12

China (*) 1 5

Hong Kong 3 1 11

India 1 1 4

Indonesia 1 1 3

Japan 36 12 31

Korea, Republic of 2 1 9

Malaysia 1 1 9

New Zealand 1 6 3

Philippines 3 1 7

Singapore 1 (*) 4

Taiwan 3 (*) 13

Thailand (*) 3 8

Other (*) (*) 4

International organizations

and unallocated 13 (D) 9

Addenda:

European Union(1) 175 164 204

Eastern Europe(4) 5 4 11

Receipts

Unaffiliated

Trade-

marks Other(1)

All countries 1,111 3,631

Canada 49 (D)

Europe 317 1,492

Belgium-Luxembourg 9 33

France 25 153

Germany 25 446

Italy 39 115

Netherlands 5 68

Norway 2 20

Spain 47 39

Sweden 5 (D)

Switzerland 7 40

United Kingdom 44 307

Other 110 (D)

Latin America and Other

Hemisphere 181 164

South and Central America 177 (D)

Argentina 28 (D)

Brazil 53 (D)

Chile 11 5

Mexico 44 36

Venezuela 14 10

Other 27 (D)

Other Western Hemisphere 4 (D)

Bermuda 1 (D)

Other 3 (D)

Africa 24 39

South Africa (D) 38

Other (D) 1

Middle East 13 44

Israel 8 33

Saudi Arabia 2 8

Other 3 3

Asia and Pacific 508 1,300

Australia 23 107

China 5 42

Hong Kong 19 19

India 2 17

Indonesia 9 2

Japan 401 735

Korea, Republic of 13 (D)

Malaysia 2 11

New Zealand 4 10

Philippines 11 4

Singapore 2 19

Taiwan 12 216

Thailand 3 10

Other 3 (D)

International organizations

and unallocated 18 (D)

Addenda:

European Union(1) 272 1,341

Eastern Europe(4) 11 71

Payments

Affiliated

By U.S.

parents

from

their

foreign

Total Total affiliates

All countries 11,713 8,754 1,755

Canada 427 296 25

Europe 6,888 5,372 894

Belgium-Luxembourg 160 (D) (D)

France 836 393 21

Germany 1,311 1,102 52

Italy 115 58 17

Netherlands 777 (D) (D)

Norway 11 4 1

Spain 17 9 7

Sweden 138 (D) 1

Switzerland 822 712 82

United Kingdom 2,058 1,682 130

Other 644 494 (D)

Latin America and Other

Hemisphere 860 (D) (D)

South and Central America 187 100 35

Argentina (D) 9 2

Brazil 23 (*) (*)

Chile (*) (*) (*)

Mexico 107 72 24

Venezuela 8 7 4

Other (D) 12 5

Other Western Hemisphere 673 (D) (D)

Bermuda 622 (D) (D)

Other 50 (D) 21

Africa 4 3 3

South Africa 2 1 1

Other 2 2 2

Middle East 7 (*) (*)

Israel 7 (*) 0

Saudi Arabia (*) (*) (*)

Other (*) 0 0

Asia and Pacific 2,629 (D) (D)

Australia 41 24 1

China (D) (*) (D)

Hong Kong 19 11 11

India (D) 0 0

Indonesia 1 1 1

Japan 2,365 1,937 84

Korea, Republic of 36 (D) (D)

Malaysia (*) 0 0

New Zealand 2 (*) 0

Philippines 3 (*) (*)

Singapore 5 3 2

Taiwan 14 3 1

Thailand (*) (*) (*)

Other (D) (*) (*)

International organizations

and unallocated 897 363 72

Addenda:

European Union(1) 5,967 4,647 803

Eastern Europe(4) 12 8 7

Payments

Affiliated Unaffiliated

By U.S.

affiliates

from Indus-

their trial

foreign proc-

parents Total esses

All countries 6,999 2,959 1,536

Canada 271 131 90

Europe 4,478 1,516 763

Belgium-Luxembourg 102 (D) 29

France 372 443 (D)

Germany 1,049 209 124

Italy 41 56 48

Netherlands 354 (D) 44

Norway 3 7 6

Spain 2 8 4

Sweden (D) (D) 55

Switzerland 629 110 82

United Kingdom 1,552 377 152

Other (D) 150 (D)

Latin America and Other

Hemisphere 73 (D) 113

South and Central America 65 87 (D)

Argentina 7 (D) (*)

Brazil 0 22 (D)

Chile (*) (*) 0

Mexico 48 35 (D)

Venezuela 2 1 (*)

Other 8 (D) (D)

Other Western Hemisphere 8 (D) (D)

Bermuda (D) (D) (D)

Other (D) (D) (D)

Africa 0 1 1

South Africa 0 (*) (*)

Other 0 1 1

Middle East (*) 7 5

Israel (*) 6 5

Saudi Arabia 0 (*) (*)

Other 0 (*) (*)

Asia and Pacific 1,886 (D) 563

Australia 23 17 6

China (D) (D) (D)

Hong Kong 0 8 7

India 0 (D) 5

Indonesia 0 (*) (*)

Japan 1,853 428 385

Korea, Republic of (D) (D) 15

Malaysia 0 (*) (*)

New Zealand (*) 2 (*)

Philippines 0 3 2

Singapore 1 2 2

Taiwan 2 11 9

Thailand 0 (*) (*)

Other 0 (D) (D)

International organizations

and unallocated 291 534 3

Addenda:

European Union(1) 3,844 1,320 599

Eastern Europe(4) 1 4 2

Payments

Unaffiliated

Broad-

casting

and

Books, record-

records, ing of Fran-

and live chise

tapes events fees

All countries 163 436 4

Canada 17 9 (*)

Europe 124 (D) 4

Belgium-Luxembourg 1 (*) 0

France 6 5 0

Germany 3 (*) 0

Italy 1 (*) 0

Netherlands 3 (*) 0

Norway (*) 0 0

Spain 2 (*) 0

Sweden 2 (*) 0

Switzerland 2 (D) 0

United Kingdom 102 36 0

Other 3 (D) 4

Latin America and Other

Hemisphere 6 1 (*)

South and Central America 5 1 (*)

Argentina 1 (*) 0

Brazil (*) (*) (*)

Chile 0 0 (*)

Mexico 3 1 (*)

Venezuela 1 (*) (*)

Other (*) 0 0

Other Western Hemisphere 1 0 0

Bermuda 0 0 0

Other 1 0 0

Africa (*) 0 0

South Africa (*) 0 0

Other (*) 0 0

Middle East (*) 0 (*)

Israel (*) 0 0

Saudi Arabia 0 0 (*)

Other 0 0 0

Asia and Pacific 8 1 (*)

Australia 5 1 0

China 0 0 0

Hong Kong (*) 0 0

India 0 0 (*)

Indonesia 0 0 0

Japan 1 (*) 0

Korea, Republic of (*) 0 0

Malaysia 0 0 0

New Zealand 1 0 0

Philippines 1 0 0

Singapore (*) 0 0

Taiwan (*) 0 0

Thailand 0 0 0

Other 0 0 0

International organizations

and unallocated 7 (D) 0

Addenda:

European Union(1) 121 64 4

Eastern Europe(4) 1 (*) 0

Payments

Unaffiliated

Trade-

marks Other(2)

All countries 197 623

Canada 6 9

Europe (D) 452

Belgium-Luxembourg 2 (D)

France 3 (D)

Germany 5 76

Italy 4 3

Netherlands 12 (D)

Norway (*) 1

Spain 1 1

Sweden 2 (D)

Switzerland 2 (D)

United Kingdom 48 40

Other (D) 5

Latin America and Other

Hemisphere 2 (D)

South and Central America 2 (D)

Argentina (*) (D)

Brazil (*) (D)

Chile (*) (*)

Mexico 1 (D)

Venezuela (*) (*)

Other 1 (D)

Other Western Hemisphere 1 (D)

Bermuda 0 (D)

Other 1 0

Africa (*) (*)

South Africa (*) (*)

Other (*) 0

Middle East 1 1

Israel (*) 1

Saudi Arabia (*) (*)

Other 0 0

Asia and Pacific 26 (D)

Australia 1 4

China (*) (*)

Hong Kong (*) 1

India 6 (D)

Indonesia (*) 0

Japan 18 24

Korea, Republic of (*) (D)

Malaysia (*) 0

New Zealand (*) 1

Philippines (*) (*)

Singapore (*) (*)

Taiwan (*) 1

Thailand (*) 0

Other (*) 0

International organizations

and unallocated (D) 111

Addenda:

European Union(1) 84 449

Eastern Europe(4) (*) 1

(*) Less than $500,000.

(D) Suppressed to avoid disclosure of data of individual companies.

1. Receipts include $3.1 billion for the rights to distribute, use, and reproduce computer software. In order to avoid disclosure of data for individual companies, BEA cannot provide data for individual countries.

2. Payments include $.5 billion for the rights to distribute, use, and reproduce computer software. In order to avoid disclosure of data for individual companies, BEA cannot provide data for individual countries.

3. See table 2, footnote 2.

4. See table 2, footnote 3.

Table 4.4.–Royalties and License Fees, 1999

[Millions of dollars]

Receipts

Affiliated

By U.S.

parents

from

their

foreign

Total Total affiliates

All countries 36,467 26,307 24,576

Canada 1,696 1,339 1,300

Europe 19,024 14,910 13,880

Belgium-Luxembourg 669 509 504

France 2,149 1,673 1,647

Germany 3,109 2,070 1,895

Italy 963 680 664

Netherlands 2,990 2,848 2,760

Norway 117 80 77

Spain 585 419 418

Sweden 436 210 205

Switzerland 859 715 604

United Kingdom 3,517 2,710 2,189

Other 3,630 2,995 2,918

Latin America and Other

Hemisphere 2,720 (D) 2,028

South and Central America 1,991 (D) 1,377

Argentina 237 185 179

Brazil 514 (D) 302

Chile 55 31 29

Mexico 798 684 602

Venezuela 143 108 105

Other 244 (D) 161

Other Western Hemisphere 429 (D) 651

Bermuda 82 58 58

Other 646 (D) 593

Africa 403 (D) 250

South Africa 268 (D) 156

Other 136 97 94

Middle East 204 38 34

Israel 104 25 25

Saudi Arabia 52 5 5

Other 48 7 3

Asia and Pacific 10,501 6,192 5,855

Australia 721 544 528

China 304 217 215

Hong Kong 218 149 143

India 61 24 23

Indonesia 50 23 23

Japan 6,054 3,528 3,300

Korea, Republic of 947 (D) 170

Malaysia 92 53 53

New Zealand 74 48 48

Philippines 97 66 65

Singapore 1,143 1,062 1,057

Taiwan 627 169 166

Thailand 93 60 55

Other 20 (D) 8

International organizations

and unallocated 1,916 1,314 1,229

Addenda:

European Union(1) 17,647 13,886 12,982

Eastern Europe(4) 277 161 145

Receipts

Affiliated Unaffiliated

By U.S.

affiliates

from Indus-

their trial

foreign proc-

parents Total esses

All countries 1,731 10,160 3,551

Canada 39 358 100

Europe 1,029 4,115 1,365

Belgium-Luxembourg 5 160 103

France 26 476 196

Germany 175 1,040 332

Italy 17 282 84

Netherlands 89 142 42

Norway 3 37 1

Spain 1 166 23

Sweden 5 226 151

Switzerland 111 144 94

United Kingdom 522 806 163

Other 76 636 175

Latin America and Other

Hemisphere (D) (D) 87

South and Central America (D) (D) 60

Argentina 6 53 8

Brazil (D) (D) 11

Chile 2 24 3

Mexico 82 114 26

Venezuela 3 36 7

Other (D) (D) 5

Other Western Hemisphere (D) (D) 27

Bermuda 0 24 22

Other (D) (D) 5

Africa (D) (D) 20

South Africa (D) (D) 16

Other 3 38 3

Middle East 4 167 51

Israel 0 79 17

Saudi Arabia (*) 47 21

Other 4 41 14

Asia and Pacific 338 4,309 1,921

Australia 16 178 30

China 1 87 29

Hong Kong 5 70 16

India 1 37 16

Indonesia (*) 27 17

Japan 227 2,526 1,077

Korea, Republic of (D) (D) 489

Malaysia (*) 39 12

New Zealand (*) 26 3

Philippines 1 31 6

Singapore 5 81 41

Taiwan 3 458 168

Thailand 5 33 14

Other (D) (D) 3

International organizations

and unallocated 86 602 7

Addenda:

European Union(1) 903 3,761 1,243

Eastern Europe(4) 17 115 22

Receipts

Unaffiliated

Broad-

casting

and

Books, record-

records, ing of Fran-

and live chise

tapes events fees

All countries 403 248 569

Canada 22 14 55

Europe 228 172 253

Belgium-Luxembourg 4 3 3

France 28 33 15

Germany 48 47 89

Italy 22 12 22

Netherlands 11 7 8

Norway 3 1 6

Spain 19 12 10

Sweden 5 4 7

Switzerland 7 3 1

United Kingdom 58 36 53

Other 24 13 39

Latin America and Other

Hemisphere 35 17 56

South and Central America 32 16 38

Argentina 5 4 3

Brazil 13 4 2

Chile 1 (*) 3

Mexico 8 7 11

Venezuela 3 (*) 3

Other 2 1 16

Other Western Hemisphere 2 1 18

Bermuda 0 0 (*)

Other 2 1 18

Africa 6 2 14

South Africa 5 2 6

Other 1 (*) 8

Middle East 9 1 43

Israel 5 1 9

Saudi Arabia 3 0 13

Other 1 0 21

Asia and Pacific 83 39 147

Australia 13 6 13

China 2 1 5

Hong Kong 5 1 13

India 1 1 4

Indonesia (*) 1 5

Japan 49 16 35

Korea, Republic of 4 2 14

Malaysia 1 1 10

New Zealand 1 6 4

Philippines 2 1 8

Singapore 2 (*) 5

Taiwan 3 1 16

Thailand (*) 3 9

Other (*) (*) 4

International organizations

and unallocated 20 4 22

Addenda:

European Union(1) 210 163 227

Eastern Europe(4) 6 3 9

Receipts

Unaffiliated

Trade-

marks Other(1)

All countries 1,176 4,214

Canada 51 136

Europe 353 1,743

Belgium-Luxembourg 8 38

France 33 172

Germany 24 500

Italy 33 110

Netherlands 4 70

Norway 3 22

Spain 53 48

Sweden 5 53

Switzerland 6 32

United Kingdom 67 430

Other 117 268

Latin America and Other

Hemisphere 136 (D)

South and Central America 129 (D)

Argentina 21 11

Brazil 46 (D)

Chile 11 6

Mexico 18 44

Venezuela 10 12

Other 23 (D)

Other Western Hemisphere 7 (D)

Bermuda 1 1

Other 6 (D)

Africa 28 (D)

South Africa (D) 40

Other (D) (D)

Middle East 11 52

Israel 8 41

Saudi Arabia 2 7

Other 2 4

Asia and Pacific 567 1,552

Australia 16 99

China 9 41

Hong Kong 17 19

India 1 14

Indonesia 1 1

Japan 476 874

Korea, Republic of 13 (D)

Malaysia 1 14

New Zealand 3 9

Philippines 11 4

Singapore 2 31

Taiwan 10 260

Thailand 3 4

Other 4 (D)

International organizations

and unallocated 29 520

Addenda:

European Union(1) 320 1,598

Eastern Europe(4) 4 71

Payments

Affiliated

By U.S.

parents

from

their

foreign

Total Total affiliates

All countries 13,275 10,208 2,134

Canada 608 407 110

Europe 7,446 5,808 957

Belgium-Luxembourg 220 (D) 22

France 895 433 30

Germany 1,285 1,065 24

Italy 99 63 17

Netherlands 782 736 411

Norway 26 15 1

Spain 44 (D) 12

Sweden 158 98 6

Switzerland 1,221 1,081 82

United Kingdom 1,748 1,269 118

Other 968 831 233

Latin America and Other

Hemisphere 1,054 (D) (D)

South and Central America 186 (D) 20

Argentina 11 8 1

Brazil 21 1 1

Chile 4 4 (*)

Mexico (D) 62 10

Venezuela 7 5 1

Other (D) (D) 8

Other Western Hemisphere 868 (D) (D)

Bermuda 818 (D) (D)

Other 49 (D) (D)

Africa 5 (D) 2

South Africa 5 (D) 2

Other 1 1 (*)

Middle East 21 (D) (D)

Israel 20 0 0

Saudi Arabia (*) (D) (D)

Other 1 0 0

Asia and Pacific 3,507 (D) (D)

Australia 70 27 4

China 108 5 4

Hong Kong 18 11 10

India 6 (*) (*)

Indonesia 3 2 2

Japan 3,161 2,501 77

Korea, Republic of 85 (D) 17

Malaysia (*) 0 0

New Zealand 3 (*) 0

Philippines 9 8 8

Singapore 10 (D) (D)

Taiwan 23 7 1

Thailand 4 3 3

Other 9 (D) 0

International organizations

and unallocated 634 425 89

Addenda:

European Union(1) 6,113 4,706 869

Eastern Europe(4) 12 5 4

Payments

Affiliated Unaffiliated

By U.S.

affiliates

from Indus-

their trial

foreign proc-

parents Total esses

All countries 8,074 3,067 1,883

Canada 297 201 152

Europe 4,851 1,638 830

Belgium-Luxembourg (D) (D) 31

France 404 462 (D)

Germany 1,042 220 161

Italy 46 35 23

Netherlands 325 46 36

Norway 14 11 9

Spain (D) (D) (D)

Sweden 92 60 54

Switzerland 999 140 105

United Kingdom 1,151 479 189

Other 597 138 112

Latin America and Other

Hemisphere (D) (D) 115

South and Central America (D) (D) 80

Argentina 8 2 (*)

Brazil 0 20 18

Chile 4 (*) 0

Mexico 53 (D) (D)

Venezuela 4 3 (*)

Other (D) (D) (D)

Other Western Hemisphere (D) (D) 35

Bermuda 2 (D) (D)

Other (D) (D) (D)

Africa (D) (D) (*)

South Africa (D) (D) (*)

Other (*) (*) 0

Middle East 0 (D) 15

Israel 0 20 15

Saudi Arabia 0 (D) (*)

Other 0 1 0

Asia and Pacific 2,510 (D) 766

Australia 23 43 7

China (*) 104 103

Hong Kong 1 7 2

India 0 6 5

Indonesia (*) 1 1

Japan 2,425 659 610

Korea, Republic of (D) (D) (D)

Malaysia 0 (*) (*)

New Zealand (*) 3 (*)

Philippines 0 1 1

Singapore 1 (D) (*)

Taiwan 5 16 (D)

Thailand 0 (*) (*)

Other (D) (D) (D)

International organizations

and unallocated 336 209 4

Addenda:

European Union(1) 3,837 1,407 643

Eastern Europe(4) 1 6 1

Payments

Unaffiliated

Broad-

casting

and

Books, record-

records, ing of Fran-

and live chise

tapes events fees

All countries 214 102 7

Canada 27 8 0

Europe 160 68 6

Belgium-Luxembourg 1 (*) 0

France 6 8 0

Germany 5 1 0

Italy 2 (*) 0

Netherlands 3 (*) 0

Norway 2 0 0

Spain 4 (*) 0

Sweden 4 (*) 0

Switzerland 6 (D) 0

United Kingdom 124 41 0

Other 3 (D) 6

Latin America and Other

Hemisphere 6 (D) 0

South and Central America (D) (D) 0

Argentina 1 0 0

Brazil (*) (*) 0

Chile 0 0 0

Mexico (D) (D) 0

Venezuela 1 (*) 0

Other (*) 0 0

Other Western Hemisphere (D) 0 0

Bermuda 0 0 0

Other (D) 0 0

Africa (*) 0 0

South Africa (*) 0 0

Other 0 0 0

Middle East (*) 0 (*)

Israel (*) 0 (*)

Saudi Arabia 0 0 0

Other 0 0 0

Asia and Pacific 13 (D) (*)

Australia 9 (D) 0

China 0 0 0

Hong Kong 2 (*) 0

India 0 0 0

Indonesia 0 0 0

Japan 1 (*) 0

Korea, Republic of (*) 0 0

Malaysia 0 0 0

New Zealand 1 0 0

Philippines (*) (*) 0

Singapore (*) 0 0

Taiwan 0 0 0

Thailand 0 0 0

Other 0 0 (*)

International organizations

and unallocated 9 (*) 0

Addenda:

European Union(1) 150 51 6

Eastern Europe(4) 2 (*) 1

Payments

Unaffiliated

Trade-

marks Other(2)

All countries 211 651

Canada 6 8

Europe 105 469

Belgium-Luxembourg 3 (D)

France 5 (D)

Germany 7 47

Italy 6 4

Netherlands 2 4

Norway (*) (*)

Spain 1 1

Sweden (*) 3

Switzerland 1 (D)

United Kingdom 67 57

Other 11 (D)

Latin America and Other

Hemisphere 2 (D)

South and Central America 2 (D)

Argentina (*) 2

Brazil (*) 1

Chile (*) 0

Mexico (*) (D)

Venezuela (*) (*)

Other 1 (*)

Other Western Hemisphere 1 0

Bermuda 0 0

Other 1 0

Africa (*) (D)

South Africa (*) (D)

Other (*) 0

Middle East (*) (D)

Israel (*) 4

Saudi Arabia (*) (D)

Other 0 1

Asia and Pacific 32 32

Australia 1 (D)

China (*) (*)

Hong Kong (*) 3

India (*) (*)

Indonesia (*) 0

Japan 30 18

Korea, Republic of (*) (D)

Malaysia (*) (*)

New Zealand (*) 2

Philippines (*) (*)

Singapore (*) (D)

Taiwan (*) (D)

Thailand (*) (*)

Other (*) 0

International organizations

and unallocated 66 130

Addenda:

European Union(1) 100 458

Eastern Europe(4) 2 1

(*) Less than $500,000.

(D) Suppressed to avoid disclosure of data of individual companies.

1. Receipts include $3.7 billion for the rights to distribute, use, and reproduce computer software. In order to avoid disclosure of data for individual companies, BEA cannot provide data for individual countries.

2. Payments include $.5 billion for the rights to distribute, use, and reproduce computer software. In order to avoid disclosure of data for individual companies, BEA cannot provide data for individual countries.

3. See table 2, footnote 2.

4. See table 2, footnote 3.

Table 5.1.–Other Private Services, 1996

[Millions of dollars]

Receipts

Affiliated

By U.S.

parents

from their

foreign

Total Total affiliates

All countries 73,858 22,931 14,118

Canada 7,333 3,626 2,387

Europe 26,235 11,762 7,348

Belgium-Luxembourg 889 (D) 330

France 2,745 1,426 814

Germany 3,552 1,735 580

Italy 1,198 441 298

Netherlands 2,597 1,801 1,408

Norway 453 209 79

Spain 997 (D) 173

Sweden 751 275 46

Switzerland 1,635 926 613

United Kingdom 7,573 3,317 2,274

Other 3,846 965 734

Latin America and Other

Hemisphere 11,877 1,398 898

South and Central America 9,285 894 674

Argentina 696 (D) 72

Brazil 1,062 171 132

Chile 332 (D) 28

Mexico 4,654 351 292

Venezuela 536 55 48

Other 2,003 208 101

Other Western Hemisphere 2,592 504 224

Bermuda 744 260 80

Other 1,849 244 144

Africa 1,506 117 92

South Africa 303 (D) 17

Other 1,205 (D) 75

Middle East 3,087 296 91

Israel 403 37 9

Saudi Arabia 1,115 (D) 19

Other 1,571 (D) 63

Asia and Pacific 20,093 5,665 3,227

Australia 1,261 388 359

China 1,507 (D) 84

Hong Kong 1,537 578 518

India 688 18 18

Indonesia 893 90 84

Japan 6,825 2,887 880

Korea, Republic of 1,620 242 105

Malaysia 715 105 99

New Zealand 238 39 38

Philippines 360 46 39

Singapore 1,345 884 788

Taiwan 1,077 154 114

Thailand 531 82 73

Other 1,494 (D) 26

International organizations

and unallocated 3,722 76 76

Addenda:

European Union(1) 21,961 10,452 6,493

Eastern Europe(4) 1,346 65 59

Receipts

Affiliated Unaffiliated

By U.S.

affiliates

from their

foreign

parents Total Education

All countries 8,813 50,927 7,887

Canada 1,239 3,707 425

Europe 4,404 14,483 1,352

Belgium-Luxembourg (D) (D) 17

France 612 1,319 103

Germany 1,155 1,817 162

Italy 143 757 50

Netherlands 393 796 35

Norway 130 244 40

Spain (D) (D) 84

Sweden 229 476 70

Switzerland 313 709 30

United Kingdom 1,044 4,256 143

Other 230 2,881 619

Latin America and Other

Hemisphere 500 10,479 837

South and Central America 220 8,391 643

Argentina (D) (D) 38

Brazil 39 891 97

Chile (D) (D) 18

Mexico 59 4,303 153

Venezuela 7 481 79

Other 107 1,795 259

Other Western Hemisphere 280 2,088 194

Bermuda 180 484 11

Other 100 1,605 183

Africa 26 1,389 359

South Africa (D) (D) 35

Other (D) (D) 324

Middle East 205 2,791 363

Israel 28 366 45

Saudi Arabia (D) (D) 72

Other (D) (D) 245

Asia and Pacific 2,438 14,428 4,551

Australia 28 874 43

China (D) (D) 556

Hong Kong 60 959 169

India (*) 670 446

Indonesia 6 803 180

Japan 2,007 3,939 785

Korea, Republic of 137 1,378 509

Malaysia 5 610 197

New Zealand 1 199 15

Philippines 7 314 44

Singapore 96 461 58

Taiwan 39 923 459

Thailand 8 449 171

Other (D) (D) 921

International organizations

and unallocated 0 3,646 0

Addenda:

European Union(1) 3,958 11,510 699

Eastern Europe(4) 6 1,283 252

Receipts

Unaffiliated

Insurance

Financial

services Net Premiums

All countries 8,229 2,168 5,929

Canada 593 357 1,011

Europe 3,563 683 2,727

Belgium-Luxembourg 166 65 138

France 303 31 204

Germany 270 129 312

Italy 166 15 74

Netherlands 216 -14 42

Norway 27 44 65

Spain 102 9 33

Sweden 89 20 42

Switzerland 338 -41 86

United Kingdom 1,488 385 1,602

Other 398 40 129

Latin America and Other

Hemisphere 2,022 416 1,033

South and Central America 916 229 553

Argentina 160 43 122

Brazil 173 5 22

Chile 57 26 65

Mexico 249 43 98

Venezuela 71 19 26

Other 206 94 220

Other Western Hemisphere 1,106 187 480

Bermuda 290 108 352

Other 816 79 128

Africa 101 5 16

South Africa 26 1 7

Other 75 4 9

Middle East 249 17 45

Israel 62 7 25

Saudi Arabia 62 1 4

Other 125 10 16

Asia and Pacific 1,688 441 911

Australia 157 36 111

China 39 (*) 10

Hong Kong 264 25 53

India 31 3 7

Indonesia 61 4 16

Japan 480 319 520

Korea, Republic of 121 7 25

Malaysia 42 2 14

New Zealand 21 7 15

Philippines 45 6 15

Singapore 165 12 25

Taiwan 77 14 87

Thailand 45 5 12

Other 140 0 0

International organizations

and unallocated 13 249 186

Addenda:

European Union(1) 3,056 660 2,548

Eastern Europe(4) 76 9 21

Receipts

Unaffiliated

Insu-

rance

Business,

professional,

and

Telecom- technical

Losses munication services

All countries 3,761 3,301 19,466

Canada 654 294 1,637

Europe 2,044 915 6,005

Belgium-Luxembourg 73 32 182

France 172 84 617

Germany 183 77 737

Italy 60 46 289

Netherlands 56 32 447

Norway 21 40 62

Spain 24 34 220

Sweden 22 20 224

Switzerland 127 36 317

United Kingdom 1,217 287 1,614

Other 89 227 1,295

Latin America and Other

Hemisphere 617 854 2,916

South and Central America 324 736 2,477

Argentina 79 30 279

Brazil 17 86 407

Chile 40 35 135

Mexico 55 350 648

Venezuela 7 40 234

Other 126 194 774

Other Western Hemisphere 294 118 439

Bermuda 245 15 55

Other 49 103 384

Africa 11 109 752

South Africa 6 51 104

Other 5 58 649

Middle East 28 162 1,925

Israel 18 52 162

Saudi Arabia 3 30 741

Other 6 80 1,022

Asia and Pacific 470 963 5,929

Australia 75 68 434

China 10 183 526

Hong Kong 28 67 403

India 4 52 128

Indonesia 12 23 508

Japan 201 213 1,892

Korea, Republic of 18 126 539

Malaysia 12 14 341

New Zealand 8 13 102

Philippines 9 36 157

Singapore 12 36 173

Taiwan 74 80 262

Thailand 7 21 183

Other 0 30 279

International organizations

and unallocated -62 4 302

Addenda:

European Union(1) 1,888 691 4,672

Eastern Europe(4) 12 101 729

Receipts

Unaffiliated Addendum

Film and

Other tape

services rentals

All countries 9,874 4,982

Canada 401 341

Europe 1,964 3,234

Belgium-Luxembourg (D) 81

France 180 426

Germany 443 524

Italy 190 232

Netherlands 81 865

Norway 31 27

Spain (D) 292

Sweden 53 68

Switzerland 29 29

United Kingdom 338 487

Other 302 204

Latin America and Other

Hemisphere 3,434 325

South and Central America 3,389 311

Argentina (D) 38

Brazil 123 109

Chile (D) 17

Mexico 2,860 65

Venezuela 39 35

Other 269 47

Other Western Hemisphere 45 14

Bermuda 5 4

Other 41 10

Africa 63 59

South Africa (D) 55

Other (D) 4

Middle East 75 38

Israel 37 22

Saudi Arabia (D) 7

Other (D) 9

Asia and Pacific 856 960

Australia 134 240

China (D) 7

Hong Kong 31 32

India 11 2

Indonesia 27 21

Japan 251 433

Korea, Republic of 76 88

Malaysia 14 10

New Zealand 40 37

Philippines 26 19

Singapore 18 17

Taiwan 31 33

Thailand 24 19

Other (D) 2

International organizations

and unallocated 3,081 25

Addenda:

European Union(1) 1,732 3,088

Eastern Europe(4) 116 60

Payments

Affiliated

By U.S.

parents to

their

foreign

Total Total affiliates

All countries 37,975 15,548 7,084

Canada 4,375 2,949 536

Europe 15,570 8,522 4,014

Belgium-Luxembourg 518 (D) (D)

France 1,896 1,111 489

Germany 2,489 1,450 617

Italy 586 276 104

Netherlands 881 630 222

Norway 145 93 20

Spain 363 73 51

Sweden 197 168 28

Switzerland 695 652 122

United Kingdom 6,122 3,206 1,971

Other 1,678 (D) (D)

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 7,921 1,005 534

South and Central America 3,999 446 251

Argentina 233 33 33

Brazil 520 136 77

Chile 82 3 1

Mexico 1,706 168 108

Venezuela (D) (D) 9

Other (D) (D) 23

Other Western Hemisphere 3,922 559 282

Bermuda 2,551 273 159

Other 1,371 285 123

Africa 611 65 29

South Africa 127 (D) 24

Other 484 (D) 5

Middle East 971 170 156

Israel 399 148 138

Saudi Arabia 136 6 6

Other 436 16 12

Asia and Pacific 8,159 3,244 1,766

Australia 655 220 193

China 432 14 12

Hong Kong 740 413 295

India 366 12 6

Indonesia 147 29 26

Japan 3,649 2,169 1,002

Korea, Republic of 419 73 34

Malaysia 151 63 49

New Zealand 81 27 25

Philippines 241 2 (*)

Singapore 307 158 90

Taiwan 319 47 27

Thailand 163 14 3

Other 491 3 2

International organizations

and unallocated 372 50 50

Addenda:

European Union(1) 13,965 7,760 3,866

Eastern Europe(2) 544 10 5

Payments

Affiliated Unaffiliated

By U.S.

affiliates to

their

foreign

parents Total Education

All countries 8,464 22,427 1,253

Canada 1,958 1,881 10

Europe 4,508 7,048 714

Belgium-Luxembourg 107 (D) 9

France 622 785 93

Germany 833 1,039 43

Italy 173 308 95

Netherlands 408 251 8

Norway 74 52 0

Spain 22 290 103

Sweden 140 29 1

Switzerland 530 43 3

United Kingdom 1,235 2,917 249

Other 365 (D) 109

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 471 6,917 359

South and Central America 194 3,554 310

Argentina (*) 200 8

Brazil 58 384 10

Chile 2 79 15

Mexico 60 1,537 157

Venezuela (D) (D) 5

Other (D) (D) 115

Other Western Hemisphere 276 3,363 49

Bermuda 114 2,278 0

Other 162 1,086 49

Africa 36 546 26

South Africa (D) (D) 7

Other (D) (D) 19

Middle East 14 801 22

Israel 10 251 21

Saudi Arabia 0 130 0

Other 4 420 1

Asia and Pacific 1,479 4,915 122

Australia 27 436 38

China 2 418 9

Hong Kong 119 327 3

India 5 354 3

Indonesia 3 118 1

Japan 1,166 1,481 24

Korea, Republic of 39 346 3

Malaysia 14 88 0

New Zealand 2 54 0

Philippines 1 239 0

Singapore 69 149 1

Taiwan 20 272 1

Thailand 11 149 1

Other 1 488 39

International organizations

and unallocated 0 322 0

Addenda:

European Union(1) 3,894 6,205 639

Eastern Europe(2) 6 536 38

Payments

Unaffiliated

Insurance

Financial

services Net Premiums

All countries 2,907 3,885 14,522

Canada 173 458 1,060

Europe 1,651 553 6,547

Belgium-Luxembourg 52 30 72

France 126 158 477

Germany 181 253 1,298

Italy 43 -24 60

Netherlands 71 -6 27

Norway 8 11 17

Spain 22 5 11

Sweden 26 -51 54

Switzerland 114 -272 684

United Kingdom 901 461 3,332

Other 107 -12 515

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 390 2,822 6,347

South and Central America 273 41 91

Argentina 26 1 (*)

Brazil 63 35 (*)

Chile 8 2 2

Mexico 125 -3 2

Venezuela 5 6 6

Other 46 (*) 19

Other Western Hemisphere 117 2,782 6,256

Bermuda 53 2,201 4,087

Other 64 581 2,169

Africa 18 3 5

South Africa 7 (*) 1

Other 11 3 4

Middle East 10 18 10

Israel 4 12 2

Saudi Arabia 2 0 (*)

Other 4 6 9

Asia and Pacific 662 6 536

Australia 56 48 132

China 5 4 1

Hong Kong 70 -85 80

India 15 0 3

Indonesia 17 3 3

Japan 268 15 278

Korea, Republic of 19 6 12

Malaysia 39 (*) (*)

New Zealand 9 7 (D)

Philippines 11 1 1

Singapore 32 3 5

Taiwan 9 (*) 6

Thailand 16 2 2

Other 96 3 (D)

International organizations

and unallocated 3 25 16

Addenda:

European Union(1) 1,457 810 5,846

Eastern Europe(2) 14 (*) (*)

Payments

Unaffiliated

Insu-

rance

Business,

professional,

and

Telecom- technical

Losses munications services

All countries 10,637 8,290 5,547

Canada 602 350 681

Europe 5,994 1,374 2,594

Belgium-Luxembourg 42 40 60

France 319 102 273

Germany 1,045 119 424

Italy 84 105 81

Netherlands 33 50 113

Norway 7 10 22

Spain 6 72 81

Sweden 105 16 33

Switzerland 956 58 123

United Kingdom 2,870 270 996

Other 527 531 389

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 3,525 2,978 322

South and Central America 50 2,582 304

Argentina (D) 133 31

Brazil (D) 202 72

Chile 1 40 13

Mexico 5 1,162 89

Venezuela (*) 91 21

Other 19 954 78

Other Western Hemisphere 3,474 395 18

Bermuda 1,887 18 6

Other 1,588 378 12

Africa 2 346 152

South Africa (*) 52 20

Other 1 294 132

Middle East -8 560 190

Israel -10 169 45

Saudi Arabia (*) 109 19

Other 3 282 127

Asia and Pacific 531 2,439 1,608

Australia 85 84 195

China -3 356 44

Hong Kong 165 210 129

India 4 300 36

Indonesia (*) 68 29

Japan 263 308 824

Korea, Republic of 6 238 80

Malaysia 0 32 17

New Zealand (D) 24 13

Philippines (*) 184 42

Singapore 1 63 50

Taiwan 6 188 74

Thailand (*) 91 38

Other (D) 294 37

International organizations

and unallocated -9 244 (*)

Addenda:

European Union(1) 5,036 927 2,233

Eastern Europe(2) (*) 295 189

Payments

Unaffiliated Addendum

Film and

Other tape

services rentals

All countries 546 183

Canada 208 76

Europe 162 72

Belgium-Luxembourg (D) 1

France 33 19

Germany 20 2

Italy 8 (*)

Netherlands 14 5

Norway 0 0

Spain 6 0

Sweden 4 (*)

Switzerland 17 17

United Kingdom 41 26

Other (D) 1

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 46 6

South and Central America 44 4

Argentina 1 1

Brazil 2 2

Chile 0 (*)

Mexico 7 (*)

Venezuela (D) (*)

Other (D) (*)

Other Western Hemisphere 2 1

Bermuda 0 1

Other 2 (*)

Africa 1 0

South Africa (D) 0

Other (D) 0

Middle East 0 0

Israel 0 0

Saudi Arabia 0 0

Other 0 0

Asia and Pacific 78 25

Australia 16 3

China 0 0

Hong Kong 1 1

India 0 (*)

Indonesia 0 0

Japan 42 19

Korea, Republic of 0 2

Malaysia 0 0

New Zealand 0 0

Philippines 0 (*)

Singapore 0 0

Taiwan 0 0

Thailand 0 (*)

Other 19 0

International organizations

and unallocated 50 5

Addenda:

European Union(1) 140 55

Eastern Europe(2) 1 0

(*) Less than $500,000.

(D) Suppressed to avoid disclosure of data of individual companies.

1. See table 2, footnote 2.

2. See table 2, footnote 3.

Table 5.2.–Other Private Services, 1997

[Millions of dollars]

Receipts

Affiliated

By U.S.

parents to

their

foreign

Total Total affiliates

All countries 84,505 27,253 17,288

Canada 8,188 4,242 2,964

Europe 31,813 13,922 9,129

Belgium-Luxembourg 1,017 391 362

France 3,131 1,447 870

Germany 4,773 2,414 1,173

Italy 1,321 445 337

Netherlands 2,926 2,077 1,789

Norway 528 231 79

Spain 1,348 (D) 297

Sweden 835 290 52

Switzerland 2,078 1,117 664

United Kingdom 9,806 4,172 2,892

Other 4,052 (D) 613

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 13,898 1,582 1,064

South and Central America 10,589 1,068 842

Argentina 771 79 64

Brazil 1,426 200 185

Chile 435 29 25

Mexico 5,274 432 372

Venezuela 632 86 69

Other 2,053 243 127

Other Western Hemisphere 3,310 514 222

Bermuda 798 213 71

Other 2,512 301 151

Africa 1,744 171 132

South Africa 342 50 47

Other 1,403 121 85

Middle East 2,826 230 78

Israel 452 54 17

Saudi Arabia 1,165 (D) 10

Other 1,207 (D) 51

Asia and Pacific 22,686 7,027 3,843

Australia 1,450 440 403

China 1,521 171 117

Hong Kong 1,569 660 579

India 666 23 22

Indonesia 1,177 99 89

Japan 7,809 3,542 986

Korea, Republic of 1,975 (D) 143

Malaysia 709 161 154

New Zealand 253 (D) 25

Philippines 466 76 68

Singapore 1,580 1,046 1,000

Taiwan 1,346 191 156

Thailand 577 87 76

Other 1,586 23 23

International organizations

and unallocated 3,347 79 79

Addenda:

European Union(1) 26,888 12,448 8,263

Eastern Europe(2) 1,353 76 70

Receipts

Affiliated Unaffiliated

By U.S.

affiliates to

their

foreign

parents Total Education

All countries 9,965 57,252 8,346

Canada 1,278 3,946 439

Europe 4,793 17,893 1,447

Belgium-Luxembourg 29 626 18

France 578 1,683 108

Germany 1,241 2,359 171

Italy 108 876 54

Netherlands 287 849 36

Norway 152 297 42

Spain (D) (D) 86

Sweden 238 545 76

Switzerland 453 961 34

United Kingdom 1,279 5,634 142

Other (D) (D) 678

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 518 12,317 914

South and Central America 226 9,521 702

Argentina 15 692 42

Brazil 15 1,226 115

Chile 4 406 18

Mexico 60 4,842 167

Venezuela 16 547 85

Other 116 1,810 274

Other Western Hemisphere 292 2,796 212

Bermuda 142 585 11

Other 150 2,211 201

Africa 39 1,573 400

South Africa 3 292 36

Other 36 1,282 364

Middle East 153 2,596 359

Israel 37 398 45

Saudi Arabia (D) (D) 77

Other (D) (D) 237

Asia and Pacific 3,184 15,659 4,787

Australia 37 1,010 44

China 54 1,350 626

Hong Kong 80 909 161

India (*) 643 451

Indonesia 10 1,078 183

Japan 2,556 4,266 834

Korea, Republic of (D) (D) 547

Malaysia 8 548 214

New Zealand (D) (D) 15

Philippines 8 390 41

Singapore 45 534 55

Taiwan 35 1,155 449

Thailand 11 490 199

Other 1 1,563 968

International organizations

and unallocated 0 3,268 0

Addenda:

European Union(1) 4,185 14,440 722

Eastern Europe(2) 6 1,279 291

Receipts

Unaffiliated

Insurance

Financial

services Net Premiums

All countries 10,243 2,473 6,118

Canada 593 389 996

Europe 4,309 1,003 2,553

Belgium-Luxembourg 158 53 98

France 409 131 220

Germany 271 214 469

Italy 155 39 78

Netherlands 227 -38 41

Norway 41 11 49

Spain 148 16 24

Sweden 100 10 28

Switzerland 435 -1 55

United Kingdom 1,979 518 1,333

Other 386 50 157

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 2,890 600 1,391

South and Central America 1,222 163 595

Argentina 233 4 115

Brazil 294 8 26

Chile 72 20 80

Mexico 282 47 114

Venezuela 98 11 29

Other 243 73 232

Other Western Hemisphere 1,668 438 796

Bermuda 434 66 364

Other 1,234 372 432

Africa 128 7 16

South Africa 27 4 8

Other 101 4 9

Middle East 261 13 50

Israel 67 (*) 35

Saudi Arabia 61 2 3

Other 133 10 12

Asia and Pacific 2,053 394 894

Australia 201 32 117

China 70 -14 14

Hong Kong 281 12 37

India 35 (*) 7

Indonesia 87 -2 15

Japan 532 287 484

Korea, Republic of 160 6 23

Malaysia 31 3 13

New Zealand 14 9 13

Philippines 46 5 15

Singapore 193 20 30

Taiwan 132 28 111

Thailand 43 8 14

Other 228 0 2

International organizations

and unallocated 9 66 216

Addenda:

European Union(1) 3,657 979 2,418

Eastern Europe(2) 94 11 25

Receipts

Unaffiliated

Insu-

rance

Business,

professional,

and

Telecom- technical

Losses munications services

All countries 3,645 3,918 21,450

Canada 606 305 1,879

Europe 1,550 1,206 7,420

Belgium-Luxembourg 45 91 234

France 89 90 750

Germany 255 81 921

Italy 39 45 329

Netherlands 79 59 500

Norway 37 89 89

Spain 8 37 237

Sweden 18 36 280

Switzerland 56 57 408

United Kingdom 815 356 2,210

Other 107 265 1,462

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 791 1,012 3,147

South and Central America 433 892 2,846

Argentina 111 36 299

Brazil 18 111 559

Chile 61 47 209

Mexico 67 445 796

Venezuela 17 49 257

Other 159 204 726

Other Western Hemisphere 358 120 301

Bermuda 298 15 54

Other 60 106 247

Africa 9 143 825

South Africa 4 60 117

Other 5 83 707

Middle East 37 205 1,667

Israel 34 71 176

Saudi Arabia 1 40 849

Other 2 93 641

Asia and Pacific 501 1,040 6,383

Australia 85 89 473

China 28 98 482

Hong Kong 25 100 310

India 7 58 90

Indonesia 17 43 739

Japan 197 223 2,113

Korea, Republic of 18 127 568

Malaysia 9 22 244

New Zealand 4 16 120

Philippines 10 45 225

Singapore 10 47 193

Taiwan 83 117 383

Thailand 6 23 196

Other 2 31 246

International organizations

and unallocated 150 6 129

Addenda:

European Union(1) 1,438 887 5,915

Eastern Europe(2) 13 125 633

Receipts

Unaffiliated Addendum

Film and

Other tape

services rentals

All countries 10,821 5,944

Canada 342 315

Europe 2,506 3,938

Belgium-Luxembourg 70 72

France 193 431

Germany 700 755

Italy 255 295

Netherlands 65 977

Norway 25 21

Spain (D) 427

Sweden 43 53

Switzerland 27 24

United Kingdom 430 655

Other (D) 227

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 3,752 409

South and Central America 3,696 396

Argentina 78 48

Brazil 139 147

Chile 40 24

Mexico 3,105 83

Venezuela 45 37

Other 289 57

Other Western Hemisphere 56 13

Bermuda 6 4

Other 51 9

Africa 71 54

South Africa 48 42

Other 23 12

Middle East 91 52

Israel 39 22

Saudi Arabia (D) 5

Other (D) 24

Asia and Pacific 1,002 1,149

Australia 171 284

China 88 9

Hong Kong 45 44

India 9 2

Indonesia 28 21

Japan 278 469

Korea, Republic of (D) 118

Malaysia 34 30

New Zealand (D) 49

Philippines 28 20

Singapore 26 25

Taiwan 46 60

Thailand 21 15

Other 89 2

International organizations

and unallocated 3,058 27

Addenda:

European Union(1) 2,278 3,797

Eastern Europe(2) 126 72

Payments

Affiliated

By U.S.

parents to

their

foreign

Total Total affiliates

All countries 43,280 17,817 9,012

Canada 4,812 2,721 790

Europe 18,365 9,467 4,966

Belgium-Luxembourg 686 476 271

France 2,089 1,191 565

Germany 2,110 1,355 620

Italy 528 208 72

Netherlands 814 677 270

Norway 119 68 6

Spain 364 (D) 49

Sweden 250 179 26

Switzerland 604 521 175

United Kingdom 9,121 4,113 2,707

Other 1,681 (D) 207

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 8,597 974 565

South and Central America 4,002 404 330

Argentina 241 55 55

Brazil 556 123 111

Chile 84 2 1

Mexico 1,664 172 125

Venezuela 139 18 11

Other 1,316 33 27

Other Western Hemisphere 4,595 570 234

Bermuda 2,832 288 100

Other 1,762 282 134

Africa 681 (D) 59

South Africa 174 (D) 57

Other 509 4 2

Middle East 1,049 (D) 204

Israel 463 194 (D)

Saudi Arabia 179 4 4

Other 406 (D) (D)

Asia and Pacific 9,437 4,317 2,398

Australia 814 313 276

China 398 24 16

Hong Kong 1,056 590 523

India 408 (D) 10

Indonesia 161 23 22

Japan 4,013 2,653 1,101

Korea, Republic of 439 (D) 39

Malaysia 201 118 77

New Zealand 136 (D) 36

Philippines 322 16 16

Singapore 468 305 218

Taiwan 363 77 44

Thailand 194 20 16

Other 458 (D) 3

International organizations

and unallocated 339 31 31

Addenda:

European Union(1) 16,879 8,852 4,770

Eastern Europe(2) 588 25 12

Payments

Affiliated Unaffiliated

By U.S.

affiliates to

their

foreign

parents Total Education

All countries 8,805 25,463 1,396

Canada 1,931 2,092 12

Europe 4,501 8,898 802

Belgium-Luxembourg 206 209 8

France 627 897 101

Germany 735 755 46

Italy 136 320 110

Netherlands 407 137 11

Norway 61 51 0

Spain (D) (D) 114

Sweden 153 71 1

Switzerland 346 83 3

United Kingdom 1,406 5,008 287

Other (D) (D) 120

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 409 7,623 394

South and Central America 74 3,598 340

Argentina (*) 186 10

Brazil 12 433 11

Chile 1 82 18

Mexico 48 1,491 170

Venezuela 7 121 4

Other 6 1,283 128

Other Western Hemisphere 336 4,025 54

Bermuda 188 2,544 1

Other 147 1,480 53

Africa (D) (D) 33

South Africa (D) (D) 4

Other 1 505 28

Middle East (D) (D) 23

Israel (D) 269 22

Saudi Arabia 0 175 0

Other 4 (D) 0

Asia and Pacific 1,919 5,120 133

Australia 37 501 44

China 8 374 9

Hong Kong 67 466 2

India (D) (D) 3

Indonesia 1 138 1

Japan 1,552 1,360 25

Korea, Republic of (D) (D) 2

Malaysia 41 83 0

New Zealand (D) (D) 5

Philippines (*) 306 0

Singapore 88 163 1

Taiwan 33 286 1

Thailand 4 174 1

Other (D) (D) 38

International organizations

and unallocated 0 307 0

Addenda:

European Union(1) 4,081 8,026 723

Eastern Europe(2) 12 570 39

Payments

Unaffiliated

Insurance

Financial

services Net Premiums

All countries 3,347 5,873 15,211

Canada 200 518 1,077

Europe 2,029 1,835 6,925

Belgium-Luxembourg 47 35 80

France 128 319 561

Germany 103 162 1,311

Italy 24 0 70

Netherlands 51 -109 32

Norway 11 1 15

Spain 38 2 7

Sweden 29 -9 72

Switzerland 135 -247 591

United Kingdom 1,354 1,755 3,694

Other 109 -74 492

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 489 3,265 6,644

South and Central America 271 -11 45

Argentina 34 -5 (D)

Brazil 75 -8 1

Chile 8 -1 1

Mexico 82 -4 2

Venezuela 10 -1 4

Other 62 9 (D)

Other Western Hemisphere 218 3,276 6,599

Bermuda 36 2,469 4,357

Other 182 806 2,242

Africa 37 5 8

South Africa 9 -1 1

Other 28 6 6

Middle East 11 3 6

Israel 6 -1 1

Saudi Arabia 1 0 (*)

Other 4 4 5

Asia and Pacific 581 200 514

Australia 57 83 188

China 2 -14 1

Hong Kong 98 19 6

India 17 1 3

Indonesia 19 3 3

Japan 180 93 272

Korea, Republic of 28 4 9

Malaysia 28 -1 (*)

New Zealand 3 10 12

Philippines 40 -4 1

Singapore 39 -1 6

Taiwan 14 0 5

Thailand 12 3 5

Other 44 2 3

International organizations

and unallocated 0 47 38

Addenda:

European Union(1) 1,839 2,078 3,317

Eastern Europe(2) 14 3 1

Payments

Unaffiliated

Insu-

rance

Business,

professional,

and

Telecom- technical

Losses munications services

All countries 9,338 8,346 6,047

Canada 559 332 837

Europe 5,090 1,370 2,708

Belgium-Luxembourg 45 35 81

France 242 111 220

Germany 1,149 123 295

Italy 71 102 75

Netherlands 141 57 117

Norway 14 23 15

Spain 5 64 69

Sweden 80 22 27

Switzerland 839 60 124

United Kingdom 1,939 276 1,274

Other 566 496 410

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 3,378 2,984 480

South and Central America 55 2,544 444

Argentina (D) 103 43

Brazil 8 249 105

Chile 2 36 21

Mexico 7 1,104 136

Venezuela 6 92 16

Other (D) 960 122

Other Western Hemisphere 3,323 440 36

Bermuda 1,887 19 19

Other 1,436 420 17

Africa 2 345 171

South Africa 2 54 21

Other 1 292 150

Middle East 4 495 296

Israel 2 140 102

Saudi Arabia (*) 92 79

Other 1 263 114

Asia and Pacific 314 2,593 1,556

Australia 105 89 170

China 15 138 53

Hong Kong -13 212 134

India 2 314 41

Indonesia (*) 75 40

Japan 179 318 716

Korea, Republic of 5 75 79

Malaysia 1 318 20

New Zealand 1 16 19

Philippines 5 222 59

Singapore 7 36 57

Taiwan 5 60 71

Thailand 1 210 64

Other 1 67 32

International organizations

and unallocated -10 228 (*)

Addenda:

European Union(1) 4,240 938 2,302

Eastern Europe(2) -2 273 242

Payments

Unaffiliated Addendum

Film and

Other tape

services rentals

All countries 453 159

Canada 193 45

Europe 157 85

Belgium-Luxembourg 4 2

France 17 7

Germany 25 (D)

Italy 8 2

Netherlands 11 4

Norway 0 0

Spain (D) (*)

Sweden 1 1

Switzerland 9 7

United Kingdom 63 52

Other (D) (D)

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 11 5

South and Central America 9 4

Argentina 1 1

Brazil 1 1

Chile 0 0

Mexico 4 (*)

Venezuela 1 1

Other 2 (*)

Other Western Hemisphere 2 2

Bermuda 0 1

Other 2 1

Africa (D) (*)

South Africa (D) (*)

Other 1 0

Middle East (D) 3

Israel 0 0

Saudi Arabia 3 3

Other (D) 0

Asia and Pacific 56 19

Australia 9 6

China 0 0

Hong Kong 1 1

India (D) 2

Indonesia 0 0

Japan 29 8

Korea, Republic of (D) (*)

Malaysia 0 0

New Zealand (D) (*)

Philippines 0 (*)

Singapore 0 (*)

Taiwan 0 0

Thailand 0 (*)

Other (D) 1

International organizations

and unallocated 32 1

Addenda:

European Union(1) 146 79

Eastern Europe(2) (*) 0

(*) Less than $500,000.

(D) Suppressed tO avoid disclosure of data of individual companies.

(1.) See table 2, footnote 2.

(2.) See table 2, footnote 3.

Table 5.3.–Other Private Services, 1998

[Millions of dollars]

Receipts

Affiliated

By U.S.

parents to

their

foreign

Total Total affiliates

All countries 90,914 28,397 18,232

Canada 7,504 3,617 2,860

Europe 34,804 15,224 9,470

Belgium-Luxembourg 1,145 428 371

France 3,178 1,534 888

Germany 5,036 2,683 1,345

Italy 1,470 477 354

Netherlands 2,682 1,768 1,345

Norway 604 276 96

Spain 1,370 529 348

Sweden 952 366 54

Switzerland 2,399 1,460 730

United Kingdom 11,338 4,664 3,263

Other 4,630 1,040 675

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 16,031 1,787 1,233

South and Central America 11,621 1,198 951

Argentina 989 85 72

Brazil 1,668 275 245

Chile 388 34 27

Mexico 5,619 477 398

Venezuela 826 91 85

Other 2,131 236 125

Other Western Hemisphere 4,412 589 282

Bermuda 910 198 42

Other 3,501 391 239

Africa 2,339 223 194

South Africa 405 71 70

Other 1,935 153 124

Middle East 3,002 292 109

Israel 456 38 15

Saudi Arabia 1,245 (D) 7

Other 1,301 (D) 88

Asia and Pacific 23,492 7,192 4,304

Australia 1,604 491 438

China 1,850 227 151

Hong Kong 1,635 666 580

India 862 27 27

Indonesia 1,063 88 86

Japan 8,051 3,638 1,172

Korea, Republic of 1,657 (D) 130

Malaysia 611 (D) 172

New Zealand 297 25 24

Philippines 485 77 74

Singapore 1,851 1,195 1,159

Taiwan 1,310 237 167

Thailand 699 104 95

Other 1,517 31 29

International organizations

and unallocated 3,745 63 63

Addenda:

European Union(1) 29,259 13,349 8,514

Eastern Europe(2) 1,648 89 73

Receipts

Affiliated Unaffiliated

By U.S.

affiliates to

their

foreign

parents Total Education

All countries 10,165 62,517 9,037

Canada 757 3,886 445

Europe 5,755 19,580 1,573

Belgium-Luxembourg 58 716 18

France 645 1,645 117

Germany 1,338 2,353 182

Italy 123 993 60

Netherlands 423 913 38

Norway 180 328 45

Spain 181 841 83

Sweden 312 586 85

Switzerland 730 939 36

United Kingdom 1,401 6,674 152

Other 365 3,590 756

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 554 14,246 984

South and Central America 247 10,423 777

Argentina 13 904 47

Brazil 30 1,393 134

Chile 7 354 22

Mexico 79 5,142 183

Venezuela 7 734 91

Other 111 1,895 300

Other Western Hemisphere 307 3,823 207

Bermuda 156 712 10

Other 151 3,110 196

Africa 30 2,116 431

South Africa 1 334 37

Other 29 1,782 394

Middle East 183 2,710 369

Israel 23 418 50

Saudi Arabia (D) (D) 85

Other (D) (D) 235

Asia and Pacific 2,888 16,300 5,235

Australia 52 1,111 49

China 76 1,623 718

Hong Kong 86 969 148

India (*) 835 517

Indonesia 2 975 203

Japan 2,466 4,413 868

Korea, Republic of (D) (D) 656

Malaysia (D) (D) 223

New Zealand 1 272 18

Philippines 3 408 43

Singapore 37 656 59

Taiwan 70 1,073 472

Thailand 9 595 231

Other 1 1,616 1,033

International organizations

and unallocated 0 3,682 0

Addenda:

European Union(1) 4,835 15,910 764

Eastern Europe(2) 73 1,568 349

Receipts

Unaffiliated

Insurance

Financial

services Net Premiums

All countries 11,273 2,189 7,265

Canada 771 112 887

Europe 4,703 752 2,791

Belgium-Luxembourg 174 28 100

France 396 37 293

Germany 310 120 447

Italy 173 39 90

Netherlands 239 3 31

Norway 59 22 48

Spain 132 6 42

Sweden 86 3 25

Switzerland 414 2 53

United Kingdom 2,274 475 1,459

Other 446 17 202

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 3,244 897 2,451

South and Central America 1,191 13 764

Argentina 220 89 219

Brazil 262 7 24

Chile 66 8 96

Mexico 325 47 132

Venezuela 95 1 28

Other 223 -139 264

Other Western Hemisphere 2,053 884 1,688

Bermuda 561 53 601

Other 1,492 831 1,086

Africa 230 1 18

South Africa 39 3 10

Other 191 -1 8

Middle East 339 15 73

Israel 63 7 52

Saudi Arabia 73 4 7

Other 203 5 13

Asia and Pacific 1,973 304 847

Australia 212 36 124

China 52 18 12

Hong Kong 202 17 37

India 32 -1 9

Indonesia 41 -3 9

Japan 628 182 453

Korea, Republic of 175 12 32

Malaysia 30 (*) 8

New Zealand 20 8 14

Philippines 50 2 13

Singapore 197 12 26

Taiwan 109 18 90

Thailand 34 5 15

Other 191 -3 4

International organizations

and unallocated 13 107 198

Addenda:

European Union(1) 4,029 724 2,615

Eastern Europe(2) 115 3 60

Receipts

Unaffiliated

Insu-

rance

Business,

professional,

and

Telecom- technical

Losses munications services

All countries 5,076 5,538 22,175

Canada 774 305 1,771

Europe 2,039 2,016 7,629

Belgium-Luxembourg 73 138 294

France 256 96 723

Germany 327 95 975

Italy 51 50 397

Netherlands 28 63 471

Norway 26 76 100

Spain 36 32 189

Sweden 22 78 265

Switzerland 50 47 405

United Kingdom 984 1,032 2,144

Other 185 309 1,665

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 1,555 1,274 3,784

South and Central America 751 1,144 3,297

Argentina 130 57 411

Brazil 17 181 595

Chile 88 45 171

Mexico 85 463 850

Venezuela 27 47 432

Other 403 350 838

Other Western Hemisphere 804 130 487

Bermuda 548 12 69

Other 256 118 417

Africa 17 447 940

South Africa 7 69 120

Other 10 378 819

Middle East 58 251 1,649

Israel 45 85 180

Saudi Arabia 4 54 876

Other 9 111 593

Asia and Pacific 543 1,245 6,239

Australia 88 98 472

China -6 105 634

Hong Kong 19 248 316

India 10 58 218

Indonesia 12 43 674

Japan 271 352 1,904

Korea, Republic of 20 141 414

Malaysia 8 19 118

New Zealand 6 30 140

Philippines 11 35 236

Singapore 15 55 306

Taiwan 72 122 291

Thailand 10 29 275

Other 6 41 240

International organizations

and unallocated 91 (*) 162

Addenda:

European Union(1) 1,891 1,672 6,115

Eastern Europe(2) 57 183 749

Receipts

Unaffiliated Addendum

Film and

Other tape

services rentals

All countries 12,305 7,003

Canada 482 406

Europe 2,804 4,316

Belgium-Luxembourg 64 67

France 276 573

Germany 670 717

Italy 272 330

Netherlands 99 841

Norway 26 22

Spain 399 473

Sweden 68 77

Switzerland 35 30

United Kingdom 597 906

Other 397 281

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 4,063 587

South and Central America 4,001 573

Argentina 80 48

Brazil 214 249

Chile 42 24

Mexico 3,275 117

Venezuela 67 63

Other 323 73

Other Western Hemisphere 62 14

Bermuda 7 4

Other 55 10

Africa 68 62

South Africa 66 57

Other 2 5

Middle East 87 63

Israel 33 23

Saudi Arabia (D) 8

Other (D) 33

Asia and Pacific 1,304 1,516

Australia 245 361

China 96 11

Hong Kong 38 41

India 11 3

Indonesia 17 9

Japan 480 776

Korea, Republic of (D) 80

Malaysia (D) 30

New Zealand 56 52

Philippines 43 33

Singapore 27 26

Taiwan 62 77

Thailand 22 14

Other 114 3

International organizations

and unallocated 3,398 83

Addenda:

European Union(1) 2,603 4,120

Eastern Europe(2) 169 101

Payments

Affiliated

By U.S.

parents to

their

foreign

Total Total affiliates

All countries 49,051 19,756 10,406

Canada 5,486 3,080 730

Europe 21,566 11,397 6,395

Belgium-Luxembourg 562 373 274

France 2,284 1,377 632

Germany 3,109 1,616 664

Italy 648 267 89

Netherlands 1,222 934 286

Norway 185 83 5

Spain 439 100 74

Sweden 274 175 25

Switzerland 1,307 724 187

United Kingdom 9,713 5,105 3,838

Other 1,827 643 321

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 10,537 1,017 559

South and Central America 3,881 490 346

Argentina 228 49 48

Brazil 525 148 133

Chile 108 8 2

Mexico 1,600 239 127

Venezuela 139 15 12

Other 1,281 31 22

Other Western Hemisphere 6,655 528 213

Bermuda 3,675 257 88

Other 2,980 271 125

Africa 702 92 88

South Africa 182 85 85

Other 518 7 3

Middle East 1,199 271 267

Israel 477 246 237

Saudi Arabia 279 5 5

Other 442 19 15

Asia and Pacific 9,305 3,873 2,352

Australia 1,243 353 321

China 404 29 20

Hong Kong 977 572 500

India 521 (D) 18

Indonesia 120 14 11

Japan 3,435 2,159 1,000

Korea, Republic of 402 (D) 27

Malaysia 102 (D) 27

New Zealand 136 44 41

Philippines 335 17 17

Singapore 553 378 292

Taiwan 393 100 50

Thailand 155 25 22

Other 532 (D) 6

International organizations

and unallocated 257 27 27

Addenda:

European Union(1) 19,326 10,546 6,178

Eastern Europe(2) 549 37 6

Payments

Affiliated Unaffiliated

By U.S.

affiliates to

their

foreign

parents Total Education

All countries 9,350 29,295 1,591

Canada 2,350 2,406 15

Europe 5,002 10,172 924

Belgium-Luxembourg 100 188 10

France 745 907 120

Germany 952 1,493 51

Italy 178 381 124

Netherlands 648 287 13

Norway 78 102 2

Spain 26 339 134

Sweden 150 99 5

Switzerland 537 583 9

United Kingdom 1,266 4,608 336

Other 322 1,184 120

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 459 9,516 435

South and Central America 144 3,391 374

Argentina (*) 179 13

Brazil 15 377 13

Chile 6 100 24

Mexico 112 1,361 180

Venezuela 3 124 6

Other 9 1,250 138

Other Western Hemisphere 315 6,127 61

Bermuda 169 3,418 1

Other 146 2,709 60

Africa 4 810 39

South Africa 0 97 6

Other 4 511 33

Middle East 14 928 27

Israel 10 231 26

Saudi Arabia 0 274 0

Other 5 423 1

Asia and Pacific 1,521 5,432 152

Australia 32 889 50

China 9 375 12

Hong Kong 72 405 1

India (D) (D) 4

Indonesia 3 106 1

Japan 1,160 1,275 28

Korea, Republic of (D) (D) 2

Malaysia (D) (D) 0

New Zealand 3 92 7

Philippines (*) 318 1

Singapore 86 175 1

Taiwan 50 293 1

Thailand 3 130 1

Other (D) (D) 43

International organizations

and unallocated 0 231 0

Addenda:

European Union(1) 4,367 8,782 843

Eastern Europe(2) 31 529 40

Payments

Unaffiliated

Insurance

Financial

services Net Premiums

All countries 3,561 9,080 20,290

Canada 227 712 1,225

Europe 2,169 2,607 7,954

Belgium-Luxembourg 34 33 128

France 158 220 538

Germany 139 846 1,615

Italy 59 -14 100

Netherlands 70 6 39

Norway 11 12 16

Spain 39 6 10

Sweden 39 -22 61

Switzerland 114 237 1,214

United Kingdom 1,353 1,256 3,753

Other 153 25 480

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 502 5,224 10,500

South and Central America 198 17 48

Argentina 16 -3 (D)

Brazil 46 (*) 1

Chile 4 2 1

Mexico 42 3 5

Venezuela 13 0 (*)

Other 77 16 (D)

Other Western Hemisphere 304 5,207 10,452

Bermuda 76 3,295 7,116

Other 228 1,913 3,337

Africa 51 3 5

South Africa 10 -1 1

Other 41 3 4

Middle East 32 5 8

Israel 10 -1 (*)

Saudi Arabia 10 (*) (*)

Other 12 6 7

Asia and Pacific 580 528 588

Australia 74 426 243

China 1 -3 -4

Hong Kong 65 27 (D)

India 14 2 4

Indonesia 10 1 1

Japan 189 62 292

Korea, Republic of 20 -4 10

Malaysia 17 -1 (*)

New Zealand 1 8 9

Philippines 29 7 5

Singapore 48 8 14

Taiwan 17 -2 2

Thailand 16 -3 2

Other 79 0 (D)

International organizations

and unallocated 0 2 10

Addenda:

European Union(1) 1,983 2,357 6,722

Eastern Europe(2) 29 0 1

Payments

Unaffiliated

Insu-

rance

Business,

professional,

and

Telecom- technical

Losses munications services

All countries 11,210 7,687 6,869

Canada 514 309 946

Europe 5,347 1,171 3,143

Belgium-Luxembourg 95 29 75

France 317 100 290

Germany 769 115 320

Italy 114 87 114

Netherlands 33 42 140

Norway 3 14 63

Spain 4 54 99

Sweden 83 19 57

Switzerland 977 57 157

United Kingdom 2,496 250 1,378

Other 455 405 450

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 5,276 2,781 540

South and Central America 31 2,303 486

Argentina (D) 99 53

Brazil 1 201 116

Chile -1 55 15

Mexico 2 1,016 113

Venezuela (*) 80 23

Other (D) 851 165

Other Western Hemisphere 5,245 478 54

Bermuda 3,821 17 29

Other 1,424 461 26

Africa 2 357 159

South Africa 1 60 21

Other 1 297 137

Middle East 3 491 368

Israel 1 111 85

Saudi Arabia 1 100 159

Other 1 280 124

Asia and Pacific 61 2,386 1,711

Australia -182 121 209

China -1 295 70

Hong Kong (D) 192 120

India 2 335 118

Indonesia (*) 69 25

Japan 230 251 716

Korea, Republic of 14 192 106

Malaysia 1 31 14

New Zealand (*) 55 19

Philippines -2 187 73

Singapore 6 68 50

Taiwan 3 184 93

Thailand 5 75 41

Other (D) 330 57

International organizations

and unallocated 7 191 2

Addenda:

European Union(1) 4,365 822 2,643

Eastern Europe(2) 1 210 237

Payments

Unaffiliated Addendum

Film and

Other tape

services rentals

All countries 507 181

Canada 197 51

Europe 158 64

Belgium-Luxembourg 5 2

France 21 6

Germany 22 1

Italy 10 (D)

Netherlands 16 5

Norway 0 0

Spain 7 1

Sweden 1 1

Switzerland 9 6

United Kingdom 35 24

Other 31 (D)

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 34 26

South and Central America 14 (D)

Argentina 2 2

Brazil 1 1

Chile 0 (*)

Mexico 7 1

Venezuela 1 1

Other 3 (D)

Other Western Hemisphere 21 (D)

Bermuda 0 1

Other 21 (D)

Africa 1 (*)

South Africa 1 (*)

Other 0 0

Middle East 5 5

Israel 0 (*)

Saudi Arabia 5 5

Other 0 0

Asia and Pacific 76 34

Australia 8 4

China 1 1

Hong Kong 0 1

India (D) (*)

Indonesia 0 0

Japan 29 7

Korea, Republic of (D) (D)

Malaysia (D) 0

New Zealand 0 0

Philippines 21 (D)

Singapore 0 (*)

Taiwan 0 0

Thailand 0 0

Other (D) 0

International organizations

and unallocated 35 1

Addenda:

European Union(1) 133 44

Eastern Europe(2) 15 14

(*) Less than $500,000.

(D) Suppressed to avoid disclosure of data of individual companies.

1. See table 2, footnote 2.

2. See table 2, footnote 3.

Table 5.4.–Other Private Services, 1999

[Millions of dollars]

Receipts

Affiliated

By U.S.

parents to

their

foreign

Total Total affiliates

All countries 96,508 28,943 18,111

Canada 8,749 3,973 3,020

Europe 36,066 14,805 8,901

Belgium-Luxembourg 1,187 454 373

France 3,495 1,499 826

Germany 5,495 2,743 1,337

Italy 1,750 417 314

Netherlands 2,823 1,796 1,313

Norway 510 265 112

Spain 1,629 600 406

Sweden 744 103 55

Switzerland 2,162 1,097 283

United Kingdom 11,055 4,302 2,993

Other 5,216 1,529 890

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 18,453 2,066 1,458

South and Central America 12,375 1,204 999

Argentina 1,069 114 108

Brazil 1,629 208 178

Chile 473 59 31

Mexico 5,992 581 481

Venezuela 986 88 87

Other 2,225 154 113

Other Western Hemisphere 6,078 861 458

Bermuda 1,077 301 121

Other 5,000 560 337

Africa 2,480 208 170

South Africa 487 80 74

Other 1,992 128 95

Middle East 2,969 266 147

Israel 518 44 33

Saudi Arabia 1,217 101 6

Other 1,233 121 108

Asia and Pacific 24,268 7,544 4,335

Australia 1,685 530 466

China 2,054 209 143

Hong Kong 1,592 675 598

India 999 44 44

Indonesia 952 54 53

Japan 8,059 3,813 1,177

Korea, Republic of 1,644 155 141

Malaysia 641 219 189

New Zealand 286 20 20

Philippines 418 78 75

Singapore 1,962 1,257 1,140

Taiwan 1,705 385 194

Thailand 606 91 85

Other 1,664 14 13

International organizations

and unallocated 3,526 81 81

Addenda:

European Union(1) 30,851 13,296 8,375

Eastern Europe(2) 1,705 86 77

Receipts

Affiliated Unaffiliated

By U.S.

affiliates to

their

foreign

parents Total Education

All countries 10,832 67,565 9,572

Canada 953 4,777 472

Europe 5,904 21,260 1,675

Belgium-Luxembourg 81 733 20

France 673 1,996 127

Germany 1,406 2,752 194

Italy 103 1,333 62

Netherlands 484 1,027 37

Norway 153 245 47

Spain 194 1,029 82

Sweden 48 641 91

Switzerland 813 1,065 37

United Kingdom 1,309 6,753 162

Other 639 3,687 816

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 608 16,388 1,090

South and Central America 205 11,171 859

Argentina 6 955 52

Brazil 30 1,421 159

Chile 28 414 27

Mexico 99 5,412 190

Venezuela 1 898 101

Other 41 2,071 329

Other Western Hemisphere 403 5,217 231

Bermuda 180 776 10

Other 223 4,440 221

Africa 39 2,272 508

South Africa 6 407 39

Other 33 1,864 469

Middle East 128 2,703 412

Israel 11 474 60

Saudi Arabia 95 1,116 96

Other 13 1,112 257

Asia and Pacific 3,208 16,724 5,415

Australia 64 1,155 54

China 66 1,845 815

Hong Kong 77 917 140

India 1 955 599

Indonesia 2 898 194

Japan 2,637 4,245 880

Korea, Republic of 14 1,489 626

Malaysia 30 422 185

New Zealand 1 266 19

Philippines 3 340 46

Singapore 117 705 64

Taiwan 192 1,320 496

Thailand 6 515 200

Other 1 1,650 1,099

International organizations

and unallocated 0 3,444 0

Addenda:

European Union(1) 4,921 17,555 798

Eastern Europe(2) 9 1,622 390

Receipts

Unaffiliated

Insurance

Financial

services Net Premiums

All countries 13,925 2,295 8,259

Canada 1,090 207 940

Europe 5,510 199 2,639

Belgium-Luxembourg 186 17 100

France 492 101 348

Germany 438 -16 343

Italy 282 21 106

Netherlands 319 7 36

Norway 64 -31 44

Spain 234 -5 44

Sweden 159 -12 17

Switzerland 575 -4 68

United Kingdom 2,385 128 1,347

Other 376 -6 184

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 4,373 1,628 3,443

South and Central America 1,439 206 755

Argentina 268 114 245

Brazil 332 6 20

Chile 96 6 57

Mexico 365 75 152

Venezuela 84 -6 28

Other 294 11 252

Other Western Hemisphere 2,934 1,419 2,688

Bermuda 667 16 952

Other 2,267 1,403 1,736

Africa 281 -18 10

South Africa 45 2 4

Other 236 -20 6

Middle East 437 -11 71

Israel 110 11 42

Saudi Arabia 81 -1 3

Other 246 -22 27

Asia and Pacific 2,229 249 956

Australia 220 1 159

China 78 2 17

Hong Kong 253 19 35

India 51 (*) 7

Indonesia 53 -6 5

Japan 583 231 552

Korea, Republic of 226 (*) 34

Malaysia 56 3 8

New Zealand 19 8 12

Philippines 73 -7 14

Singapore 240 -2 32

Taiwan 148 5 61

Thailand 52 (*) 17

Other 177 -6 3

International organizations

and unallocated 5 44 200

Addenda:

European Union(1) 4,752 238 2,466

Eastern Europe(2) 147 -4 43

Receipts

Unaffiliated

Insu-

rance

Business,

professional,

and

Telecom- technical

Losses munications services

All countries 5,964 4,460 24,368

Canada 733 301 2,223

Europe 2,440 1,461 8,858

Belgium-Luxembourg 83 114 325

France 248 99 835

Germany 359 83 1,129

Italy 86 42 577

Netherlands 29 61 506

Norway 75 21 118

Spain 50 27 278

Sweden 29 39 279

Switzerland 71 36 380

United Kingdom 1,219 720 2,629

Other 190 219 1,801

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 1,817 1,009 4,018

South and Central America 549 880 3,587

Argentina 131 49 384

Brazil 15 145 570

Chile 51 33 208

Mexico 77 380 947

Venezuela 34 65 568

Other 241 207 910

Other Western Hemisphere 1,268 129 430

Bermuda 936 10 66

Other 332 119 364

Africa 28 478 935

South Africa 2 80 154

Other 26 397 781

Middle East 83 205 1,548

Israel 31 82 172

Saudi Arabia 3 31 878

Other 48 92 498

Asia and Pacific 707 1,006 6,574

Australia 158 108 534

China 15 67 782

Hong Kong 16 96 372

India 6 81 212

Indonesia 11 37 605

Japan 322 236 1,907

Korea, Republic of 34 118 454

Malaysia 5 12 129

New Zealand 4 15 151

Philippines 21 28 174

Singapore 34 57 317

Taiwan 56 93 516

Thailand 17 24 212

Other 9 32 209

International organizations

and unallocated 155 (*) 213

Addenda:

European Union(1) 2,228 1,262 7,308

Eastern Europe(2) 48 88 785

Receipts

All countries 12,946 7,556

Canada 484 394

Europe 3,558 4,950

Belgium-Luxembourg 72 72

France 343 588

Germany 924 1,001

Italy 349 399

Netherlands 97 871

Norway 26 21

Spain 412 495

Sweden 85 91

Switzerland 41 35

United Kingdom 728 1,013

Other 481 362

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 4,274 600

South and Central America 4,201 586

Argentina 88 55

Brazil 209 220

Chile 44 26

Mexico 3,454 139

Venezuela 85 80

Other 320 65

Other Western Hemisphere 73 15

Bermuda 7 4

Other 66 11

Africa 88 85

South Africa 87 78

Other 1 6

Middle East 112 89

Israel 39 28

Saudi Arabia 32 26

Other 41 34

Asia and Pacific 1,251 1,313

Australia 240 346

China 101 16

Hong Kong 37 36

India 12 4

Indonesia 15 8

Japan 408 579

Korea, Republic of 64 83

Malaysia 37 32

New Zealand 55 51

Philippines 26 17

Singapore 29 27

Taiwan 62 84

Thailand 27 20

Other 139 7

International organizations

and unallocated 3,180 126

Addenda:

European Union(1) 3,199 4,703

Eastern Europe(2) 215 143

Payments

Affiliated

By U.S.

parents to

their

foreign

Total Total affiliates

All countries 46,657 22,437 11,427

Canada 4,543 2,458 748

Europe 20,759 12,526 6,588

Belgium-Luxembourg 620 387 310

France 2,444 1,513 650

Germany 3,193 1,604 590

Italy 755 280 97

Netherlands 774 997 296

Norway 191 111 11

Spain 494 141 119

Sweden 321 218 44

Switzerland 520 600 220

United Kingdom 10,220 5,906 3,961

Other 1,227 769 289

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 9,243 2,042 745

South and Central America 3,702 614 386

Argentina 275 82 82

Brazil 466 102 75

Chile 151 57 2

Mexico 1,575 324 191

Venezuela 140 19 14

Other 1,097 29 23

Other Western Hemisphere 5,541 1,428 359

Bermuda 3,831 937 231

Other 1,710 491 127

Africa 787 175 117

South Africa 207 102 96

Other 581 73 21

Middle East 1,152 320 303

Israel 520 286 277

Saudi Arabia 218 4 4

Other 415 30 23

Asia and Pacific 9,967 4,889 2,900

Australia 1,326 459 355

China 339 28 15

Hong Kong 1,206 873 727

India 577 60 16

Indonesia 111 4 4

Japan 3,842 2,651 1,251

Korea, Republic of 398 107 59

Malaysia 130 53 46

New Zealand 170 43 41

Philippines 258 18 18

Singapore 622 426 269

Taiwan 360 117 54

Thailand 167 46 42

Other 462 3 2

International organizations

and unallocated 205 26 26

Addenda:

European Union(1) 19,179 11,755 6,321

Eastern Europe(2) 586 15 13

Payments

Affiliated Unaffiliated

By U.S.

affiliates to

their

foreign

parents Total Education

All countries 11,010 24,220 1,840

Canada 1,710 2,085 18

Europe 5,939 8,232 1,081

Belgium-Luxembourg 77 233 12

France 862 932 140

Germany 1,014 1,589 59

Italy 183 475 145

Netherlands 701 -223 16

Norway 101 80 2

Spain 23 353 159

Sweden 173 103 5

Switzerland 380 -80 9

United Kingdom 1,946 4,313 399

Other 480 458 134

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 1,296 7,201 486

South and Central America 227 3,088 417

Argentina (*) 193 14

Brazil 28 364 15

Chile 55 94 27

Mexico 133 1,251 290

Venezuela 5 121 7

Other 7 1,068 154

Other Western Hemisphere 1,069 4,113 69

Bermuda 705 2,894 1

Other 363 1,219 69

Africa 58 612 46

South Africa 6 105 8

Other 51 508 38

Middle East 17 832 31

Israel 10 234 30

Saudi Arabia (*) 214 0

Other 7 385 1

Asia and Pacific 1,989 5,078 178

Australia 104 866 61

China 13 311 14

Hong Kong 145 333 1

India 44 517 4

Indonesia 1 107 1

Japan 1,400 1,190 32

Korea, Republic of 48 291 2

Malaysia 6 77 0

New Zealand 2 127 9

Philippines (*) 240 1

Singapore 157 196 1

Taiwan 63 243 1

Thailand 4 121 1

Other 1 459 49

International organizations

and unallocated 0 178 0

Addenda:

European Union(1) 5,434 7,423 995

Eastern Europe(2) 2 573 41

Payments

Unaffiliated

Insurance

Financial

services Net Premiums

All countries 3,574 4,078 21,242

Canada 203 232 612

Europe 2,217 81 9,534

Belgium-Luxembourg 56 41 137

France 129 274 712

Germany 151 880 2,338

Italy 39 15 124

Netherlands 62 -477 476

Norway 19 3 14

Spain 42 10 13

Sweden 46 -38 74

Switzerland 113 -417 790

United Kingdom 1,386 621 4,289

Other 174 -829 566

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 428 3,265 10,589

South and Central America 224 8 57

Argentina 28 -9 15

Brazil 61 8 9

Chile 11 1 1

Mexico 63 3 7

Venezuela 10 (*) (*)

Other 51 6 24

Other Western Hemisphere 204 3,257 10,532

Bermuda 61 2,705 7,426

Other 143 552 3,106

Africa 59 1 3

South Africa 11 0 1

Other 48 1 2

Middle East 49 1 7

Israel 12 -2 11

Saudi Arabia 25 1 (*)

Other 12 2 7

Asia and Pacific 613 517 480

Australia 63 413 178

China 0 -2 3

Hong Kong 88 20 5

India 19 -2 2

Indonesia 15 1 1

Japan 210 89 270

Korea, Republic of 33 3 141

Malaysia 15 0 (*)

New Zealand 0 -1 1

Philippines 34 1 1

Singapore 84 (*) 2

Taiwan 27 -1 2

Thailand 10 0 (*)

Other 15 -3 2

International organizations

and unallocated 5 -18 18

Addenda:

European Union(1) 2,007 498 8,728

Eastern Europe(2) 34 -2 (*)

Payments

Insu-

rance

Business,

professional,

and

Telecom- technical

Losses munications services

All countries 17,164 6,766 7,430

Canada 380 220 1,204

Europe 9,452 1,315 3,369

Belgium-Luxembourg 97 29 84

France 438 86 286

Germany 1,458 107 377

Italy 109 113 148

Netherlands 953 37 127

Norway 11 13 44

Spain 4 58 81

Sweden 112 12 78

Switzerland 1,207 51 155

United Kingdom 3,669 334 1,506

Other 1,394 476 484

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 7,324 2,301 703

South and Central America 49 1,867 557

Argentina 24 84 73

Brazil 1 144 135

Chile (*) 37 18

Mexico 4 827 151

Venezuela 0 74 28

Other 19 702 152

Other Western Hemisphere 7,275 433 146

Bermuda 4,721 11 116

Other 2,554 423 30

Africa 2 334 170

South Africa 1 57 28

Other 1 278 142

Middle East 7 421 326

Israel 3 93 101

Saudi Arabia 0 76 109

Other 4 252 117

Asia and Pacific -37 2,015 1,655

Australia -235 112 201

China 5 238 61

Hong Kong -15 110 113

India 4 330 165

Indonesia 0 60 30

Japan 181 192 656

Korea, Republic of 12 145 108

Malaysia (*) 20 11

New Zealand 2 103 16

Philippines -1 146 58

Singapore 1 42 67

Taiwan 3 132 84

Thailand (*) 60 41

Other 4 325 46

International organizations

and unallocated 36 160 3

Addenda:

European Union(1) 8,229 891 2,877

Eastern Europe(2) 3 283 216

Payments

Unaffiliated Addendum

Film and

Other tape

services rentals

All countries 532 256

Canada 209 62

Europe 171 106

Belgium-Luxembourg 4 11

France 18 12

Germany 14 4

Italy 15 16

Netherlands 13 8

Norway 1 0

Spain 6 3

Sweden 2 1

Switzerland 11 7

United Kingdom 66 39

Other 21 5

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 18 8

South and Central America 15 7

Argentina 3 3

Brazil 1 1

Chile 0 (*)

Mexico 6 1

Venezuela 2 2

Other 3 (*)

Other Western Hemisphere 3 1

Bermuda 0 1

Other 3 (*)

Africa 2 (*)

South Africa 1 (*)

Other 1 1

Middle East 4 3

Israel 0 (*)

Saudi Arabia 3 3

Other 1 0

Asia and Pacific 100 75

Australia 17 14

China 1 1

Hong Kong 1 1

India 0 (*)

Indonesia 0 0

Japan 13 16

Korea, Republic of 0 1

Malaysia 31 (D)

New Zealand 0 0

Philippines 0 0

Singapore 2 2

Taiwan 0 0

Thailand 9 (D)

Other 26 0

International organizations

and unallocated 29 1

Addenda:

European Union(1) 154 98

Eastern Europe(2) 2 2

(*) Less than $500,000.

(D) Suppressed tO avoid disclosure of data of individual companies.

1. See table 2, footnote 2.

2. See table 2, footnote 3.

Table 6.1.–Insurance, 1996

[Millions of dollars]

Receipts

Total

Pre-

miums Losses

Net received paid

All countries 2,168 5,929 3,761

Canada 357 1,011 654

Europe 683 2,727 2,044

Belgium-Luxembourg 65 138 73

France 31 204 172

Germany 129 312 183

Italy 15 74 60

Netherlands -14 42 56

Norway 44 65 21

Spain 9 33 24

Sweden 20 42 22

Switzerland -41 86 127

United Kingdom 385 1,602 1,217

Other 40 129 89

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 416 1,033 617

South and Central America 229 553 324

Argentina 43 122 79

Brazil 5 22 17

Chile 26 65 40

Mexico 43 98 55

Venezuela 19 26 7

Other 94 220 126

Other Western Hemisphere 187 480 294

Bermuda 108 352 245

Other 79 128 49

Africa 5 16 11

South Africa 1 7 6

Other 4 9 5

Middle East 17 45 26

Israel 7 25 18

Saudi Arabia 1 4 3

Other 10 16 6

Asia and Pacific 441 911 470

Australia 36 111 75

China (*) 10 10

Hong Kong 25 53 28

India 3 7 4

Indonesia 4 16 12

Japan 319 520 201

Korea, Republic of 7 25 18

Malaysia 2 14 12

New Zealand 7 15 8

Philippines 6 15 9

Singapore 12 25 12

Taiwan 14 87 74

Thailand 5 12 7

Other 0 0 0

International organizations

and unallocated 249 186 -62

Addenda:

European Union(1) 660 2,548 1,888

Eastern Europe(2) 9 21 12

Receipts

Primary insurance

Pre-

miums Losses

Net received paid

All countries 710 967 257

Canada 115 286 170

Europe 194 263 69

Belgium-Luxembourg 5 8 3

France 12 20 8

Germany 16 25 9

Italy 6 9 3

Netherlands 5 6 1

Norway (D) (D) 4

Spain 5 8 3

Sweden 4 8 4

Switzerland 4 8 3

United Kingdom 113 133 19

Other (D) (D) 11

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 118 175 57

South and Central America 112 163 51

Argentina 38 51 12

Brazil 8 9 1

Chile 6 7 1

Mexico 19 26 7

Venezuela 8 8 1

Other 33 62 29

Other Western Hemisphere 6 12 6

Bermuda -1 2 3

Other 7 11 4

Africa 3 4 1

South Africa 1 1 (*)

Other 2 3 1

Middle East 2 4 1

Israel 1 1 (*)

Saudi Arabia 1 1 1

Other (*) 1 1

Asia and Pacific 50 80 30

Australia 7 20 13

China (*) 1 (*)

Hong Kong 8 13 5

India (*) 1 (*)

Indonesia 1 2 (*)

Japan 9 11 2

Korea, Republic of 2 3 1

Malaysia (*) 1 (*)

New Zealand 1 1 (*)

Philippines 1 2 1

Singapore 11 (D) (D)

Taiwan 8 (D) (D)

Thailand 1 1 (*)

Other (*) 1 (*)

International organizations

and unallocated 229 156 -72

Addenda:

European Union(1) 171 232 61

Eastern Europe(2) 1 2 1

Receipts

Reinsurance

Pre-

miums Losses

Net received paid

All countries 1,458 4,962 3,504

Canada 242 725 484

Europe 489 2,464 1,975

Belgium-Luxembourg 61 130 69

France 19 184 165

Germany 113 287 174

Italy 9 65 56

Netherlands -19 36 55

Norway (D) (D) 17

Spain 4 25 21

Sweden 15 34 18

Switzerland -46 78 124

United Kingdom 272 1,470 1,198

Other (D) (D) 77

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 298 858 560

South and Central America 118 390 273

Argentina 5 71 66

Brazil -2 13 15

Chile 19 58 39

Mexico 23 72 48

Venezuela 11 18 7

Other 61 158 98

Other Western Hemisphere 181 468 287

Bermuda 109 351 242

Other 72 117 45

Africa 2 11 9

South Africa (*) 6 5

Other 2 6 4

Middle East 15 41 26

Israel 6 24 18

Saudi Arabia (*) 3 2

Other 9 15 6

Asia and Pacific 391 831 440

Australia 30 92 62

China 0 9 10

Hong Kong 17 40 23

India 2 6 4

Indonesia 2 14 12

Japan 310 509 199

Korea, Republic of 4 22 18

Malaysia 2 13 12

New Zealand 7 14 7

Philippines 6 13 7

Singapore 2 (D) (D)

Taiwan 6 (D) (D)

Thailand 4 11 7

Other -1 -1 -1

International organizations

and unallocated 20 30 10

Addenda:

European Union(1) 488 2,316 1,827

Eastern Europe(2) 8 19 11

Payments

Total

Pre-

miums Losses

Net received paid

All countries 3,885 14,522 10,637

Canada 458 1,060 602

Europe 553 6,547 5,994

Belgium-Luxembourg 30 72 42

France 158 477 319

Germany 253 1,298 1,045

Italy -24 60 84

Netherlands -5 27 33

Norway 11 17 7

Spain S 11 6

Sweden -51 54 105

Switzerland -272 684 956

United Kingdom 461 3,332 2,870

Other -12 515 527

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 2,822 6,347 3,525

South and Central America 41 91 50

Argentina 1 (D) (D)

Brazil 35 (D) (D)

Chile 2 2 1

Mexico -3 2 5

Venezuela 6 6 (*)

Other (*) 19 19

Other Western Hemisphere 2,782 6,256 3,474

Bermuda 2,201 4,087 1,887

Other 581 2,169 1,588

Africa 3 5 2

South Africa (*) 1 (*)

Other 3 4 1

Middle East 18 10 -8

Israel 12 2 -10

Saudi Arabia 0 (*) (*)

Other 6 9 3

Asia and Pacific 6 536 531

Australia 48 132 85

China 4 1 -3

Hong Kong -85 80 165

India 0 3 4

Indonesia 3 3 (*)

Japan 15 278 263

Korea, Republic of 6 12 6

Malaysia (*) (*) 0

New Zealand 7 (D) (D)

Philippines 1 1 (*)

Singapore 3 5 1

Taiwan (*) 6 6

Thailand 2 2 (*)

Other 3 (D) (D)

International organizations

and unallocated 25 16 -9

Addenda:

European Union(1) 810 5,846 5,036

Eastern Europe(2) (*) (*) (*)

Payments

Primary insurance

Pre-

miums Losses

Net received paid

All countries 1,310 1,528 217

Canada 60 (D) (D)

Europe 897 985 88

Belgium-Luxembourg 9 9 0

France 66 (D) (D)

Germany 16 16 (*)

Italy 1 1 (*)

Netherlands (*) (*) 0

Norway 12 (D) (D)

Spain (*) (*) (*)

Sweden 1 2 1

Switzerland 16 16 (*)

United Kingdom 774 853 79

Other 3 3 (*)

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 338 443 105

South and Central America (D) (D) 0

Argentina (*) (*) 0

Brazil (*) (*) 0

Chile 2 2 0

Mexico (*) (*) 0

Venezuela 5 5 0

Other (D) (D) 0

Other Western Hemisphere (D) (D) 105

Bermuda 307 412 105

Other (D) (D) (*)

Africa 4 4 0

South Africa 0 0 0

Other 4 4 0

Middle East 8 8 (*)

Israel 2 2 0

Saudi Arabia 0 0 0

Other 6 6 (*)

Asia and Pacific 2 (D) (D)

Australia -8 (D) (D)

China 0 0 0

Hong Kong 4 (D) (D)

India 0 0 0

Indonesia 2 2 0

Japan 2 2 (*)

Korea, Republic of (*) (*) 0

Malaysia 0 0 0

New Zealand 0 0 0

Philippines (*) (*) 0

Singapore (*) (*) 0

Taiwan (*) (*) 0

Thailand 0 0 0

Other 2 (D) (D)

International organizations

and unallocated 2 3 1

Addenda:

European Union(1) 869 956 87

Eastern Europe(2) (*) (*) 0

Payments

Reinsurance

Pre-

miums Losses

Net received paid

All countries 2,575 12,994 10,420

Canada 398 (D) (D)

Europe -344 5,563 5,907

Belgium-Luxembourg 21 63 42

France 92 (D) (D)

Germany 236 1,282 1,045

Italy -25 59 84

Netherlands -5 27 33

Norway -1 (D) (D)

Spain 5 11 6

Sweden -52 52 104

Switzerland -288 668 956

United Kingdom -312 2,479 2,792

Other -15 513 527

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 2,484 5,904 3,420

South and Central America (D) (D) 50

Argentina 1 (D) (D)

Brazil 35 (D) (D)

Chile -1 (*) 1

Mexico -3 2 5

Venezuela 1 1 (*)

Other (D) (D) 19

Other Western Hemisphere (D) (D) 3,370

Bermuda 1,894 3,676 1,782

Other (D) (D) 188

Africa -1 1 2

South Africa (*) 1 (*)

Other -1 (*) 1

Middle East 10 3 -8

Israel 10 (*) -10

Saudi Arabia 0 (*) (*)

Other 0 3 3

Asia and Pacific 4 (D) (D)

Australia 56 (D) (D)

China 4 1 -3

Hong Kong -89 (D) (D)

India 0 3 4

Indonesia 1 1 (*)

Japan 13 275 263

Korea, Republic of 5 12 6

Malaysia (*) (*) 0

New Zealand 7 (D) (D)

Philippines 1 1 (*)

Singapore 3 4 1

Taiwan (*) 6 6

Thailand 2 2 (*)

Other 1 (D) (D)

International organizations

and unallocated 23 13 -11

Addenda:

European Union(1) -59 4,890 4,949

Eastern Europe(2) (*) (*) (*)

(*) Less than $500,000.

(D) Suppressed to avoid disclosure of data of individual companies.

1. See table 2, footnote 2.

2. See table 2, footnote 3.

Table 6.2.–Insurance, 1997

[Millions of dollars]

Receipts

Total

Pre-

miums Losses

Net received paid

All countries 2,473 6,118 3,645

Canada 389 996 606

Europe 1,003 2,553 1,550

Belgium-Luxembourg 53 98 45

France 131 220 89

Germany 214 469 255

Italy 39 78 39

Netherlands -38 41 79

Norway 11 49 37

Spain 16 24 8

Sweden 10 28 18

Switzerland -1 55 56

United Kingdom 518 1,333 815

Other 50 157 107

Latin America end Other Western

Hemisphere 600 1,391 791

South and Central America 163 595 433

Argentina 4 115 111

Brazil 8 26 18

Chile 20 80 61

Mexico 47 114 67

Venezuela 11 29 17

Other 73 232 159

Other Western Hemisphere 438 796 356

Bermuda 66 364 298

Other 372 432 60

Africa 7 16 9

South Africa 4 8 4

Other 4 9 5

Middle east 13 50 37

Israel (*) 35 34

Saudi Arabia 2 3 1

Other 10 12 2

Asia and Pacific 394 894 501

Australia 32 117 85

China -14 14 28

Hong Kong 12 37 25

India (*) 7 7

Indonesia -2 15 17

Japan 287 484 197

Korea, Republic of 6 23 18

Malaysia 3 13 9

New Zealand 9 13 4

Philippines 5 15 10

Singapore 20 30 10

Taiwan 28 111 83

Thailand 8 14 6

Other 0 2 2

International organizations and

unallocated 66 216 150

Addenda:

European Union(1) 979 2,418 1,438

Eastern Europe(2) 11 25 13

Receipts

Primary insurance

Pre-

miums Losses

Net received paid

All countries 444 865 421

Canada 83 186 103

Europe 163 222 59

Belgium-Luxembourg 21 5 3

France 7 12 5

Germany 11 17 6

Italy 3 5 2

Netherlands 2 5 3

Norway (D) (D) 5

Spain 2 4 2

Sweden 2 4 2

Switzerland 2 4 2

United Kingdom 115 137 23

Other (D) (D) 7

Latin America end Other Western

Hemisphere 130 191 60

South and Central America 115 172 57

Argentina 33 45 12

Brazil 10 13 2

Chile 6 7 1

Mexico 22 31 9

Venezuela 9 10 1

Other 36 67 32

Other Western Hemisphere 15 18 3

Bermuda 4 4 1

Other 11 14 3

Africa 2 3 1

South Africa 1 1 (*)

Other 1 3 1

Middle east 2 2 (*)

Israel (*) 1 (*)

Saudi Arabia 1 1 0

Other 1 1 (*)

Asia and Pacific 26 82 56

Australia -4 19 23

China (*) (*) (*)

Hong Kong 1 (D) (D)

India 0 1 1

Indonesia 1 1 (*)

Japan 7 11 5

Korea, Republic of 1 5 3

Malaysia 1 1 (*)

New Zealand 1 1 (*)

Philippines 0 2 2

Singapore 8 (D) (D)

Taiwan 10 12 3

Thailand 1 1 (*)

Other (*) (*) 0

International organizations and

unallocated 38 178 140

Addenda:

European Union(1) 147 198 51

Eastern Europe(2) (*) 1 1

Receipts

Reinsurance

Pre-

miums Losses

Net received paid

All countries 2,029 5,253 3,224

Canada 306 810 504

Europe 840 2,331 1,491

Belgium-Luxembourg 51 94 43

France 125 209 84

Germany 203 452 249

Italy 36 73 37

Netherlands -40 37 77

Norway (D) (D) 32

Spain 13 20 6

Sweden 8 24 16

Switzerland -3 51 53

United Kingdom 403 1,196 793

Other (D) (D) 101

Latin America end Other Western

Hemisphere 470 1,201 731

South and Central America 47 423 376

Argentina -29 70 99

Brazil -3 13 16

Chile 14 74 60

Mexico 25 82 58

Venezuela 3 19 16

Other 37 164 127

Other Western Hemisphere 423 778 355

Bermuda 62 360 298

Other 361 418 57

Africa 5 13 8

South Africa 3 7 4

Other 2 6 4

Middle east 11 48 37

Israel 0 34 34

Saudi Arabia 1 3 2

Other 10 11 2

Asia and Pacific 368 812 444

Australia 36 98 62

China -15 14 28

Hong Kong 11 (D) (D)

India (*) 6 6

Indonesia -3 14 16

Japan 280 472 192

Korea, Republic of 5 19 14

Malaysia 3 12 9

New Zealand 9 12 3

Philippines 5 13 8

Singapore 11 (D) (D)

Taiwan 19 99 80

Thailand 7 13 6

Other -1 1 2

International organizations and

unallocated 28 38 10

Addenda:

European Union(1) 833 2,220 1,387

Eastern Europe(2) 11 23 12

Payments

Total

Pre- Losses

miums recov-

Net paid ered

All countries 5,873 15,211 9,338

Canada 518 1,077 559

Europe 1,835 6,925 5,090

Belgium-Luxembourg 35 80 45

France 319 561 242

Germany 162 1,311 1,149

Italy 0 70 71

Netherlands -109 32 141

Norway 1 15 14

Spain 2 7 5

Sweden -9 72 80

Switzerland -247 591 839

United Kingdom 1,355 3,694 1,939

Other -74 492 566

Latin America end Other Western

Hemisphere 3,265 6,644 3,378

South and Central America -11 45 55

Argentina -5 (D) (D)

Brazil -8 1 8

Chile -1 1 2

Mexico -4 2 7

Venezuela -1 4 6

Other 9 (D) (D)

Other Western Hemisphere 3,276 6,599 3,323

Bermuda 2,469 4,357 1,887

Other 806 2,242 1,436

Africa 5 8 2

South Africa -1 1 2

Other 6 6 1

Middle east 3 6 4

Israel -1 1 2

Saudi Arabia 0 (*) (*)

Other 4 5 1

Asia and Pacific 200 514 314

Australia 83 188 105

China -14 1 15

Hong Kong 19 6 -13

India 1 3 2

Indonesia 3 3 (*)

Japan 93 272 179

Korea, Republic of 4 9 5

Malaysia -1 (*) 1

New Zealand 10 12 1

Philippines -4 1 5

Singapore -1 6 7

Taiwan 0 5 5

Thailand 3 5 1

Other 2 3 1

International organizations and

unallocated 47 38 -10

Addenda:

European Union(1) 2,078 6,317 4,240

Eastern Europe(2) 3 1 -2

Payments

Primary insurance

Pre- Losses

miums recov-

Net paid ered

All countries 1,558 1,644 86

Canada 108 108 (*)

Europe 1,149 1,188 40

Belgium-Luxembourg 14 14 (*)

France 88 88 1

Germany 33 33 (*)

Italy 3 3 (*)

Netherlands (*) (*) (*)

Norway 7 10 2

Spain (*) (*) (*)

Sweden 1 1 (*)

Switzerland 28 34 6

United Kingdom 964 995 31

Other 10 10 (*)

Latin America end Other Western

Hemisphere 280 325 45

South and Central America 25 26 (*)

Argentina (*) (*) (*)

Brazil (*) (*) (*)

Chile 1 1 (*)

Mexico (*) (*) (*)

Venezuela (D) (D) (*)

Other (D) (D) (*)

Other Western Hemisphere 255 300 45

Bermuda 242 287 45

Other 12 13 1

Africa 2 2 (*)

South Africa (*) (*) (*)

Other 2 2 (*)

Middle east 2 2 (*)

Israel (*) (*) (*)

Saudi Arabia (*) (*) (*)

Other 2 2 (*)

Asia and Pacific 19 19 (*)

Australia 9 9 (*)

China (*) (*) (*)

Hong Kong 3 3 (*)

India (*) (*) (*)

Indonesia 1 1 (*)

Japan 5 5 (*)

Korea, Republic of (*) (*) (*)

Malaysia (*) (*) (*)

New Zealand (*) (*) (*)

Philippines (*) (*) (*)

Singapore (*) (*) (*)

Taiwan (*) (*) (*)

Thailand (*) (*) (*)

Other (*) (*) (*)

International organizations and

unallocated (*) (*) 0

Addenda:

European Union(1) 1,112 1,144 32

Eastern Europe(2) (*) (*) (*)

Payments

Reinsurance

Pre- Losses

miums recov-

Net paid ered

All countries 4,315 13,567 9,252

Canada 411 969 559

Europe 687 57,371 5,050

Belgium-Luxembourg 21 66 45

France 232 473 241

Germany 129 1,278 1,149

Italy -3 68 71

Netherlands -110 31 141

Norway -6 5 11

Spain 2 7 5

Sweden -10 70 80

Switzerland -276 557 833

United Kingdom 791 2,699 1,908

Other -84 481 566

Latin America end Other Western

Hemisphere 2,985 6,318 3,333

South and Central America -36 19 55

Argentina -5 (D) (D)

Brazil -8 (*) 8

Chile -2 (*) 2

Mexico -5 2 7

Venezuela -6 (D) (D)

Other -10 (D) (D)

Other Western Hemisphere 3,021 6,299 3,278

Bermuda 2,227 4,070 1,843

Other 794 2,229 1,435

Africa 3 6 2

South Africa -1 1 2

Other 4 5 (*)

Middle east 1 4 4

Israel -1 1 2

Saudi Arabia 0 (*) (*)

Other 2 3 1

Asia and Pacific 181 495 314

Australia 75 180 105

China -14 1 15

Hong Kong 16 3 -13

India 1 3 2

Indonesia 2 2 (*)

Japan 89 267 179

Korea, Republic of 3 9 5

Malaysia -1 (*) 1

New Zealand 10 11 1

Philippines -4 1 5

Singapore -1 6 7

Taiwan -1 4 5

Thailand 3 5 1

Other 2 3 1

International organizations and

unallocated 47 38 -10

Addenda:

European Union(1) 966 5,174 4,208

Eastern Europe(2) 3 (*) -2

(*) Less than $500,000.

(D) Suppressed to avoid disclosure of data of individual companies.

(1.) See table 2, footnote 2.

(2.) See table 2, footnote 3.

Table 6.3.–Insurance, 1998

[Millions of dollars]

Receipts

Total

Pre-

miums Losses

Net received paid

All countries 2,189 7,265 5,076

Canada 112 887 774

Europe 752 2,791 2,039

Belgium-Luxembourg 28 100 73

France 37 293 256

Germany 120 447 327

Italy 39 90 51

Netherlands 3 31 28

Norway 22 46 26

Spain 6 42 36

Sweden 3 25 22

Switzerland 2 53 50

United Kingdom 475 1,459 984

Other 17 202 185

Latin America end Other Western

Hemisphere 897 2,451 1,555

South and Central America 13 764 751

Argentina 89 219 130

Brazil 7 24 17

Chile 8 96 88

Mexico 47 132 85

Venezuela 1 28 27

Other -139 264 403

Other Western Hemisphere 884 1,688 804

Bermuda 53 601 548

Other 831 1,086 256

Africa 1 18 17

South Africa 3 10 7

Other -1 8 10

Middle east 15 73 58

Israel 7 52 45

Saudi Arabia 4 7 4

Other 5 13 9

Asia and Pacific 304 847 543

Australia 3 124 88

China 18 12 -6

Hong Kong 17 37 19

India -1 9 10

Indonesia -3 9 12

Japan 182 453 271

Korea, Republic of 12 32 20

Malaysia (*) 8 8

New Zealand 8 14 6

Philippines 2 13 11

Singapore 12 26 15

Taiwan 18 90 72

Thailand 5 15 10

Other -3 4 6

International organizations and

unallocated 107 198 91

Addenda:

European Union(1) 724 2,615 1,891

Eastern Europe(2) 3 60 57

Receipts

Primary insurance

Pre-

miums Losses

Net received paid

All countries 406 939 533

Canada 35 141 106

Europe 91 234 142

Belgium-Luxembourg -3 5 8

France 2 21 19

Germany 2 21 19

Italy -6 6 13

Netherlands 4 4 -1

Norway 2 10 8

Spain -5 (D) (D)

Sweden -3 3 6

Switzerland -1 5 6

United Kingdom 98 138 40

Other 1 (D) (D)

Latin America end Other Western

Hemisphere 128 302 174

South and Central America 68 229 161

Argentina 69 90 21

Brazil 6 6 2

Chile (D) (D) 1

Mexico 21 32 11

Venezuela 9 10 1

Other (D) (D) 124

Other Western Hemisphere 60 73 13

Bermuda (*) 8 8

Other 59 64 5

Africa 1 3 2

South Africa (*) (*) (*)

Other 1 3 2

Middle east 2 2 (*)

Israel (*) 1 (*)

Saudi Arabia (*) 1 (*)

Other 1 1 (*)

Asia and Pacific 58 115 57

Australia 11 35 25

China (*) 1 (*)

Hong Kong 8 14 6

India (*) (*) 0

Indonesia 1 1 (*)

Japan 16 24 8

Korea, Republic of 7 8 2

Malaysia 1 1 0

New Zealand (*) 1 (*)

Philippines 1 1 (*)

Singapore 6 (D) (D)

Taiwan 3 11 8

Thailand 3 (D) (D)

Other (*) (*) (*)

International organizations and

unallocated 91 142 51

Addenda:

European Union(1) 88 217 129

Eastern Europe(2) 1 1 0

Receipts

Reinsurance

Pre-

miums Losses

Net received paid

All countries 1,783 6,326 4,543

Canada 77 746 669

Europe 661 2,557 1,896

Belgium-Luxembourg 30 95 65

France 35 272 237

Germany 118 426 308

Italy 44 82 38

Netherlands -1 27 28

Norway 21 39 18

Spain 10 (D) (D)

Sweden 6 22 16

Switzerland 4 48 44

United Kingdom 377 1,321 944

Other 17 (D) (D)

Latin America end Other Western

Hemisphere 769 2,150 1,381

South and Central America -65 535 590

Argentina 20 130 109

Brazil 1 16 15

Chile (D) (D) 88

Mexico 27 100 74

Venezuela -8 18 25

Other (D) (D) 279

Other Western Hemisphere 824 1,615 791

Bermuda 53 593 540

Other 771 1,022 251

Africa (*) 15 15

South Africa 3 10 7

Other -2 6 8

Middle east 13 70 57

Israel 6 51 45

Saudi Arabia 3 7 4

Other 4 12 9

Asia and Pacific 246 732 486

Australia 26 89 63

China 18 12 -6

Hong Kong 9 23 14

India -1 9 10

Indonesia -4 8 12

Japan 166 429 263

Korea, Republic of 5 23 18

Malaysia 0 7 8

New Zealand 8 14 6

Philippines 1 12 11

Singapore 6 (D) (D)

Taiwan 15 79 64

Thailand 2 (D) (D)

Other -3 3 6

International organizations and

unallocated 16 56 40

Addenda:

European Union(1) 636 2,398 1,762

Eastern Europe(2) 1 59 57

Payments

Total

Pre- Losses

miums recov-

Net paid ered

All countries 9,080 20,290 11,210

Canada 712 1,225 514

Europe 2,037 7,954 5,347

Belgium-Luxembourg 33 128 95

France 220 538 317

Germany 846 1,615 769

Italy -14 100 114

Netherlands 6 39 33

Norway 12 16 3

Spain 6 10 4

Sweden -22 61 83

Switzerland 237 1,214 977

United Kingdom 1,256 3,753 2,496

Other 25 480 455

Latin America end Other Western

Hemisphere 5,224 10,500 5,276

South and Central America 17 48 31

Argentina -3 (D) (D)

Brazil (*) 1 1

Chile 2 1 -1

Mexico 3 5 2

Venezuela 0 (*) (*)

Other 16 (D) (D)

Other Western Hemisphere 5,207 10,452 5,245

Bermuda 3,295 7,116 3,821

Other 1,913 3,337 1,424

Africa 3 5 2

South Africa -1 1 1

Other 3 4 1

Middle east 5 8 3

Israel -1 (*) 1

Saudi Arabia 0 (*) 1

Other 6 7 1

Asia and Pacific 528 588 61

Australia 426 243 -182

China -3 -4 -1

Hong Kong 27 (D) (D)

India 2 4 2

Indonesia 1 1 (*)

Japan 62 292 230

Korea, Republic of -4 10 14

Malaysia -1 (*) 1

New Zealand 8 9 (*)

Philippines 7 5 -2

Singapore 8 14 6

Taiwan -2 2 3

Thailand -3 2 5

Other 0 (D) (D)

International organizations and

unallocated 2 10 7

Addenda:

European Union(1) 2,357 6,722 4,365

Eastern Europe(2) 0 1 1

Payments

Primary insurance

Pre- Losses

miums recov-

Net paid ered

All countries 1,117 1,295 178

Canada 115 115 (*)

Europe 833 887 55

Belgium-Luxembourg (D) (D) (*)

France 44 47 3

Germany 18 19 1

Italy 1 1 (*)

Netherlands 1 1 (*)

Norway 10 10 (*)

Spain (*) (*) (*)

Sweden 1 1 (*)

Switzerland 20 21 1

United Kingdom 726 775 49

Other (D) (D) (*)

Latin America end Other Western

Hemisphere 140 260 121

South and Central America 19 19 (*)

Argentina (*) (*) (*)

Brazil (*) (*) (*)

Chile 1 1 (*)

Mexico 1 1 (*)

Venezuela (*) (*) (*)

Other 17 17 (*)

Other Western Hemisphere 121 241 120

Bermuda 123 (D) (D)

Other -2 (D) (D)

Africa 1 1 (*)

South Africa (*) (*) 0

Other 1 1 (*)

Middle east 5 5 (*)

Israel (*) (*) 0

Saudi Arabia 0 (*) (*)

Other 5 5 (*)

Asia and Pacific 25 26 1

Australia 13 14 (*)

China (*) (*) (*)

Hong Kong 2 2 0

India 0 (*) (*)

Indonesia 1 1 (*)

Japan 5 5 (*)

Korea, Republic of (*) (*) (*)

Malaysia 0 0 0

New Zealand 2 (*) 0

Philippines (*) 2 0

Singapore (*) (*) (*)

Taiwan (*) (*) (*)

Thailand (*) (*) (*)

Other (*) 1 (*)

International organizations and

unallocated 0 0 0

Addenda:

European Union(1) 802 855 54

Eastern Europe(2) (*) (*) (*)

Payments

Reinsurance

Pre- Losses

miums recov-

Net paid ered

All countries 7,963 18,995 11,032

Canada 597 1,110 513

Europe 1,775 7,067 5,292

Belgium-Luxembourg (D) (D) 95

France 176 490 314

Germany 828 1,596 768

Italy -15 99 114

Netherlands 6 38 32

Norway 3 6 3

Spain 8 10 4

Sweden -22 61 83

Switzerland 217 1,193 976

United Kingdom 531 2,978 2,447

Other (D) (D) 455

Latin America end Other Western

Hemisphere 5,084 10,240 5,155

South and Central America -2 29 31

Argentina -3 (D) (D)

Brazil 0 (*) (*)

Chile 1 (*) -1

Mexico 2 4 2

Venezuela 0 (*) (*)

Other -1 (D) (D)

Other Western Hemisphere 5,086 10,211 5,124

Bermuda 3,172 (D) (D)

Other 1,914 (D) (D)

Africa 1 4 2

South Africa -1 1 1

Other 2 3 1

Middle east (*) 3 3

Israel -1 (*) 1

Saudi Arabia 0 (*) 1

Other 1 3 1

Asia and Pacific 503 562 59

Australia 413 230 -183

China -3 -4 -1

Hong Kong 25 (D) (D)

India 2 4 2

Indonesia 0 (*) (*)

Japan 57 287 230

Korea, Republic of -4 10 14

Malaysia -1 (*) 1

New Zealand 6 7 (*)

Philippines 7 5 -2

Singapore 7 14 6

Taiwan -2 1 3

Thailand -3 2 5

Other -1 (D) (D)

International organizations and

unallocated 2 10 7

Addenda:

European Union(1) 1,556 5,867 4,311

Eastern Europe(2) 0 (*) 1

(*) Less than $500,000.

(D) Suppressed to avoid disclosure of data of individual companies.

(1.) See table 2, footnote 2.

(2.) See table 2, footnote 3.

Table 6.4.–Insurance, 1999

[Millions of dollars]

Receipts

Total

Pre-

miums Losses

Net received paid

All countries 2,295 8,259 5,964

Canada 207 940 733

Europe 199 2,639 2,440

Belgium-Luxembourg 17 100 83

France 101 348 248

Germany -16 343 359

Italy 21 106 86

Netherlands 7 36 29

Norway -31 44 75

Spain -5 44 50

Sweden -12 17 29

Switzerland -4 68 71

United Kingdom 128 1,347 1,219

Other -6 164 190

Latin America end Other Western

Hemisphere 1,626 3,443 1,817

South and Central America 206 755 549

Argentina 114 245 131

Brazil 6 20 15

Chile 6 57 51

Mexico 75 152 77

Venezuela -6 28 34

Other 11 252 241

Other Western Hemisphere 1,419 2,688 1,268

Bermuda 16 952 936

Other 1,403 1,736 332

Africa -18 10 28

South Africa 2 4 2

Other -20 26 1

Middle east -11 71 83

Israel 11 42 31

Saudi Arabia -1 3 3

Other -22 27 48

Asia and Pacific 249 956 707

Australia 1 159 158

China 2 17 15

Hong Kong 19 35 16

India (*) 7 6

Indonesia -6 5 1

Japan 231 552 322

Korea, Republic of (*) 34 34

Malaysia 3 8 5

New Zealand 8 12 4

Philippines -7 14 21

Singapore -2 32 34

Taiwan 5 61 56

Thailand (*) 17 17

Other -6 3 9

International organizations and

unallocated 44 200 155

Addenda:

European Union(1) 238 2,466 2,228

Eastern Europe(2) -4 43 48

Receipts

Primary insurance

Pre-

miums Losses

Net received paid

All countries 1,685 2,078 393

Canada 21 86 65

Europe 109 158 49

Belgium-Luxembourg 1 2 1

France 3 5 2

Germany 5 7 2

Italy 2 2

Netherlands 7 4

Norway 0 5 5

Spain 2 2 0

Sweden 1 1 0

Switzerland (D) (D) 6

United Kingdom 64 95 30

Other (D) (D) 6

Latin America end Other Western

Hemisphere 1,515 1,569 54

South and Central America (D) (D) 47

Argentina 96 100 4

Brazil 7 8 2

Chile 12 13 1

Mexico 32 36 4

Venezuela 7 8 1

Other (D) (D) 36

Other Western Hemisphere (D) (D) 7

Bermuda 4 4 1

Other (D) (D) 6

Africa 1 2 1

South Africa (*) (*) (*)

Other 2 1 -21

Middle east -1 2 3

Israel -1 1 2

Saudi Arabia 0 (*) (*)

Other (*) (*) (*)

Asia and Pacific 58 142 85

Australia 2 49 48

China (*) 1 1

Hong Kong 6 14 8

India (*) (*) (*)

Indonesia (*) 1 1

Japan 30 32 2

Korea, Republic of 10 11 2

Malaysia 1 1 0

New Zealand (*) 1 (*)

Philippines 1 2 1

Singapore 8 (D) (D)

Taiwan 2 (D) (D)

Thailand -2 2 5

Other (*) (*) (*)

International organizations and

unallocated -19 118 137

Addenda:

European Union(1) 88 125 37

Eastern Europe(2) (*) 1 (*)

Receipts

Reinsurance

Pre-

miums Losses

Net received paid

All countries 610 6,181 5,571

Canada 186 854 668

Europe 90 2,481 2,391

Belgium-Luxembourg 17 99 82

France 98 344 246

Germany -21 336 357

Italy 19 10 35

Netherlands -1 32 33

Norway -31 39 70

Spain (D) 43 50

Sweden -13 16 29

Switzerland (D) (D) 65

United Kingdom 64 1,253 1,189

Other (D) (D) 185

Latin America end Other Western

Hemisphere 110 1,874 1,763

South and Central America (D) (D) 502

Argentina 18 145 127

Brazil -1 12 13

Chile -5 44 50

Mexico 43 116 73

Venezuela -13 20 33

Other (D) (D) 206

Other Western Hemisphere (D) (D) 1,262

Bermuda 13 948 935

Other (D) (D) 326

Africa -19 8 27

South Africa 2 4 2

Other 4 25 1

Middle east -11 70 80

Israel 12 41 29

Saudi Arabia -1 2 3

Other -22 26 48

Asia and Pacific 191 814 623

Australia -1 110 110

China 1 15 14

Hong Kong 13 21 7

India 0 6 6

Indonesia -7 4 11

Japan 201 521 320

Korea, Republic of -9 23 32

Malaysia 3 7 5

New Zealand 8 11 4

Philippines -7 13 20

Singapore -9 (D) (D)

Taiwan 2 (D) (D)

Thailand 3 15 12

Other -6 3 9

International organizations and

unallocated 63 82 18

Addenda:

European Union(1) 150 2,341 2,191

Eastern Europe(2) -5 43 47

Payments

Total

Pre- Losses

miums recov-

Net paid ered

All countries 4,078 21,242 17,164

Canada 232 612 380

Europe 81 9,534 9,452

Belgium-Luxembourg 41 137 97

France 274 712 438

Germany 880 2,338 1,458

Italy 15 124 109

Netherlands (D) (D) (D)

Norway 3 14 11

Spain 10 13 4

Sweden -38 74 112

Switzerland -417 790 1,207

United Kingdom 621 4,289 3,669

Other (D) (D) (D)

Latin America end Other Western

Hemisphere 3,265 11 7,324

South and Central America 8 57 49

Argentina -9 15 24

Brazil 8 9 1

Chile 1 1 (*)

Mexico 3 7 4

Venezuela (*) (*) 0

Other 6 24 19

Other Western Hemisphere 3,257 10,532 7,275

Bermuda 2,705 7,426 4,721

Other 552 3,106 2,554

Africa 1 3 2

South Africa 0 1 1

Other 2 1 2

Middle east 1 7 7

Israel -2 1 3

Saudi Arabia 1 (*) 0

Other 0 7 4

Asia and Pacific 517 480 -37

Australia 413 178 -235

China -2 3 5

Hong Kong 20 5 -15

India -2 2 4

Indonesia 1 1 0

Japan 89 270 181

Korea, Republic of 3 14 12

Malaysia 0 (*) (*)

New Zealand -1 1 2

Philippines 1 1 -1

Singapore (*) 2 1

Taiwan -1 2 3

Thailand 0 (*) (*)

Other -3 2 4

International organizations and

unallocated -18 18 36

Addenda:

European Union(1) 498 8,728 8,229

Eastern Europe(2) -2 (*) 3

Payments

Primary insurance

Pre- Losses

miums recov-

Net paid ered

All countries 1,451 1,580 129

Canada 37 38 1

Europe 1,092 1,161 68

Belgium-Luxembourg 3 3 (*)

France 51 51 (*)

Germany 19 20 (*)

Italy 7 7 (*)

Netherlands (*) (*) (*)

Norway 9 9 (*)

Spain (*) (*) (*)

Sweden 1 1 (*)

Switzerland 10 16 6

United Kingdom 989 1,051 62

Other 3 3 (*)

Latin America end Other Western

Hemisphere 288 348 60

South and Central America 24 24 (*)

Argentina (*) (*) (*)

Brazil (*) (*) (*)

Chile 1 1 (*)

Mexico 1 1 (*)

Venezuela (*) (*) (*)

Other 21 21 (*)

Other Western Hemisphere 265 325 60

Bermuda 261 311 50

Other 3 14 11

Africa 2 2 (*)

South Africa (*) (*) (*)

Other 2 (*) -1

Middle east 5 5 (*)

Israel (*) (*) (*)

Saudi Arabia (*) (*) 0

Other 5 5 0

Asia and Pacific 26 26 (*)

Australia 8 8 (*)

China 2 2 0

Hong Kong 3 3 (*)

India (*) (*) (*)

Indonesia 1 1 (*)

Japan 11 11 (*)

Korea, Republic of (*) (*) 0

Malaysia (*) (*) 0

New Zealand (*) (*) 0

Philippines (*) (*) (*)

Singapore (*) (*) 0

Taiwan (*) (*) 0

Thailand (*) (*) 0

Other (*) (*) (*)

International organizations and

unallocated 0 0 0

Addenda:

European Union(1) 1,073 1,135 63

Eastern Europe(2) (*) (*) (*)

Payments

Reinsurance

Pre- Losses

miums recov-

Net paid ered

All countries 2,627 19,662 17,035

Canada 194 574 380

Europe -1,011 8,373 9,384

Belgium-Luxembourg 37 134 97

France 223 661 438

Germany 860 2,318 1,457

Italy 8 117 109

Netherlands (D) (D) (D)

Norway -6 6 11

Spain 9 13 4

Sweden -39 73 112

Switzerland -427 774 1,201

United Kingdom -369 3,239 3,607

Other (D) (D) (D)

Latin America end Other Western

Hemisphere 2,977 10,240 7,263

South and Central America -16 33 49

Argentina -9 15 24

Brazil 8 9 1

Chile 0 (*) (*)

Mexico 1 6 4

Venezuela (*) (*) 0

Other -16 3 19

Other Western Hemisphere 2,993 10,207 7,215

Bermuda 2,444 7,115 4,671

Other 549 3,092 2,543

Africa -1 1 2

South Africa 0 1 1

Other 1 1

Middle east -4 2 7

Israel -3 (*) 3

Saudi Arabia 1 (*) 0

Other -2 2 4

Asia and Pacific 490 453 -37

Australia 404 170 -235

China -4 1 5

Hong Kong 17 2 -15

India -2 2 4

Indonesia (*) (*) 0

Japan 77 258 181

Korea, Republic of 2 14 12

Malaysia 0 (*) (*)

New Zealand -1 1 2

Philippines 1 (*) -1

Singapore (*) 2 1

Taiwan -1 2 3

Thailand 0 (*) (*)

Other -3 1 4

International organizations and

unallocated -18 18 36

Addenda:

European Union(1) -574 7,592 8,167

Eastern Europe(2) -3 (*) 3

(*) Less than $500,000.

(D) Suppressed to avoid disclosure of data of individual companies.

(1.) See table 2, footnote 2.

(2.) See table 2, footnote 3.

Table 7.1.–Business, Professional, and Technical Services, Unaffiliated, 1996

Receipts

Com-

puter

and

data

proc-

essing

Adver- serv-

Total tising ices

All countries 19,466 543 1,617

Canada 1,637 101 202

Europe 6,005 251 713

Belgium-Luxembourg 182 (D) 16

France 617 27 81

Germany 737 36 107

Italy 289 19 24

Netherlands 447 4 109

Norway 62 1 13

Spain 220 6 16

Sweden 224 (D) 36

Switzerland 317 13 50

United Kingdom 1,614 89 194

Other 1,296 8 66

Latin America end Other

Western Hemisphere 2,916 80 204

South and Central America 2,477 38 195

Argentina 279 1 25

Brazil 407 3 66

Chile 135 (D) 8

Mexico 648 11 62

Venezuela 234 1 15

Other 774 (D) 20

Other Western Hemisphere 439 41 9

Bermuda 55 (D) 2

Other 384 (D) 7

Africa 752 1 22

South Africa 104 (*) 12

Other 649 (*) 10

Middle east 1,925 5 38

Israel 162 3 9

Saudi Arabia 741 1 21

Other 1,022 1 7

Asia and Pacific 5,929 106 438

Australia 434 4 75

China 526 2 17

Hong Kong 403 33 22

India 128 1 9

Indonesia 508 2 9

Japan 1,892 40 195

Korea, Republic of 539 6 30

Malaysia 341 (*) 11

New Zealand 102 1 7

Philippines 157 1 14

Singapore 173 6 9

Taiwan 262 8 21

Thailand 183 2 17

Other 279 (*) 1

International organizations

and unallocated 302 0 0

Addenda:

European Union(1) 4,672 236 621

Eastern Europe(2) 729 1 24

Receipts

Data

base Re- Manage-

and search, ment,

other develop- consult-

infor- ment ing, and

mation and public

serv- testing relations

ices services services

All countries 1,158 681 1,460

Canada 115 49 124

Europe 564 216 553

Belgium-Luxembourg 17 9 12

France 74 24 21

Germany 71 38 54

Italy 70 7 18

Netherlands 25 12 17

Norway 5 2 1

Spain 16 5 3

Sweden 19 13 15

Switzerland 25 47 24

United Kingdom 172 43 135

Other 72 16 253

Latin America end Other

Western Hemisphere 86 24 177

South and Central America 69 23 153

Argentina 7 (*) 8

Brazil 10 5 23

Chile 4 (*) 1

Mexico 32 9 49

Venezuela 8 1 9

Other 8 8 62

Other Western Hemisphere 17 (*) 24

Bermuda 4 (*) 5

Other 13 (*) 19

Africa 39 14 146

South Africa (D) 5 8

Other (D) 9 139

Middle east 51 97 119

Israel 17 6 24

Saudi Arabia (D) 88 63

Other (D) 3 32

Asia and Pacific 303 280 340

Australia 74 27 41

China 5 4 10

Hong Kong 24 2 23

India 13 3 15

Indonesia 2 13 37

Japan 100 169 88

Korea, Republic of 13 23 10

Malaysia 6 4 3

New Zealand 12 (*) 8

Philippines 3 3 21

Singapore 32 5 6

Taiwan 6 19 12

Thailand 7 5 8

Other 4 3 58

International organizations

and unallocated 0 1 2

Addenda:

European Union(1) 519 163 288

Eastern Europe(2) 7 4 224

Receipts

Construc-

tion,

engi-

neering,

archi-

tectural, Indus-

Legal and trial

serv- mining engi-

ices services(1) neering

All countries 1,943 3,553 870

Canada 123 98 (D)

Europe 1,003 434 105

Belgium-Luxembourg 60 (D) 2

France 194 15 4

Germany 153 23 9

Italy 26 (D) 2

Netherlands 27 43 (D)

Norway 9 1 1

Spain 11 38 (D)

Sweden 25 3 10

Switzerland 36 7 (D)

United Kingdom 364 58 12

Other 98 203 13

Latin America end Other

Western Hemisphere 111 591 247

South and Central America 75 410 245

Argentina 8 23 24

Brazil 14 61 7

Chile 4 51 (D)

Mexico 32 81 24

Venezuela 7 99 21

Other 10 95 (D)

Other Western Hemisphere 36 181 3

Bermuda 19 (*) (*)

Other 17 181 3

Africa 10 235 (D)

South Africa 8 10 (D)

Other 2 225 8

Middle east 49 1,028 46

Israel 13 26 5

Saudi Arabia 12 (D) 39

Other 24 (D) 3

Asia and Pacific 645 1,166 376

Australia 32 37 6

China 19 165 34

Hong Kong 78 3 1

India 3 30 25

Indonesia 8 248 (D)

Japan 415 178 104

Korea, Republic of 48 137 32

Malaysia 2 183 (D)

New Zealand 3 0 (*)

Philippines 6 53 5

Singapore 8 14 13

Taiwan 15 28 40

Thailand 4 49 11

Other 4 41 (D)

International organizations

and unallocated 1 (*) 0

Addenda:

European Union(1) 901 250 78

Eastern Europe(2) 51 153 4

Receipts

Installa-

tion,

mainte-

nance,

and

repair

of

equip-

ment Other(2)

All countries 3,648 3,994

Canada 273 (D)

Europe 965 1,200

Belgium-Luxembourg 25 (D)

France 83 95

Germany 112 135

Italy 34 (D)

Netherlands 122 (D)

Norway 12 18

Spain 62 (D)

Sweden 41 (D)

Switzerland 41 (D)

United Kingdom 226 322

Other 206 361

Latin America end Other

Western Hemisphere 417 978

South and Central America 371 898

Argentina 71 112

Brazil 50 170

Chile 6 39

Mexico 158 191

Venezuela 24 50

Other 62 337

Other Western Hemisphere 47 80

Bermuda 1 (D)

Other 46 (D)

Africa 130 (D)

South Africa 8 (D)

Other 122 (D)

Middle east 418 73

Israel 28 31

Saudi Arabia 354 (D)

Other 37 (D)

Asia and Pacific 1,435 841

Australia 75 63

China 140 130

Hong Kong 104 114

India 13 16

Indonesia 62 (D)

Japan 429 174

Korea, Republic of 186 54

Malaysia 74 (D)

New Zealand 14 57

Philippines 27 24

Singapore 66 13

Taiwan 82 31

Thailand 69 11

Other 93 (D)

International organizations

and unallocated 9 299

Addenda:

European Union(1) 755 859

Eastern Europe(2) 114 148

Payments

Com-

puter

and

data

proc-

essing

Adver- serv-

Total tising ices

All countries 5,547 971 276

Canada 681 46 38

Europe 2,594 417 155

Belgium-Luxembourg 60 13 3

France 273 54 (D)

Germany 424 99 (D)

Italy 81 23 1

Netherlands 113 6 6

Norway 22 2 9

Spain 81 37 2

Sweden 33 7 1

Switzerland 123 15 3

United Kingdom 996 136 45

Other 389 25 3

Latin America end Other

Western Hemisphere 322 56 5

South and Central America 304 55 5

Argentina 31 6 (*)

Brazil 72 17 2

Chile 13 2 (*)

Mexico 89 22 (*)

Venezuela 21 1 (*)

Other 78 7 (*)

Other Western Hemisphere 18 1 (*)

Bermuda 6 (*) (*)

Other 12 1 (*)

Africa 152 6 (*)

South Africa 20 3 (*)

Other 132 2 (*)

Middle east 190 31 2

Israel 45 (D) 1

Saudi Arabia 19 (*) 1

Other 127 (D) (*)

Asia and Pacific 1,608 416 76

Australia 195 25 11

China 44 4 1

Hong Kong 129 18 5

India 36 2 2

Indonesia 29 3 1

Japan 824 310 39

Korea, Republic of 80 21 2

Malaysia 17 2 (*)

New Zealand 13 3 (*)

Philippines 42 2 5

Singapore 50 11 5

Taiwan 74 11 4

Thailand 38 2 (*)

Other 37 3 (*)

International organizations

and unallocated (*) 0 0

Addenda:

European Union(1) 2,233 393 142

Eastern Europe(2) 189 3 (*)

Payments

Data

base Re- Manage-

and search, ment,

other develop- consult-

infor- ment ing, and

mation and public

serv- testing relations

ices services services

All countries 146 379 497

Canada 6 33 72

Europe 107 246 203

Belgium-Luxembourg (*) 5 5

France 8 11 20

Germany 4 33 25

Italy (*) 2 6

Netherlands 20 9 6

Norway (*) 3 1

Spain 4 3 4

Sweden (*) 8 3

Switzerland 5 31 8

United Kingdom 64 68 94

Other 5 73 30

Latin America end Other

Western Hemisphere 1 32 40

South and Central America (*) 29 38

Argentina (*) 2 4

Brazil (*) 13 8

Chile 0 2 3

Mexico (*) 3 6

Venezuela 0 (*) 4

Other 0 9 13

Other Western Hemisphere 1 3 2

Bermuda (*) (*) 1

Other 1 3 1

Africa (*) 25 35

South Africa (*) 2 1

Other (*) 22 34

Middle east (*) 4 12

Israel (*) 2 4

Saudi Arabia (*) 2 3

Other 0 (*) 5

Asia and Pacific 31 39 135

Australia 1 7 17

China 3 2 1

Hong Kong 1 (*) 7

India (*) 3 4

Indonesia (*) 1 4

Japan 20 14 29

Korea, Republic of 1 2 (D)

Malaysia (*) (*) 7

New Zealand (*) 3 2

Philippines 4 1 14

Singapore (*) 1 3

Taiwan 1 1 4

Thailand (*) 2 (D)

Other (*) 2 9

International organizations

and unallocated 0 0 (*)

Addenda:

European Union(1) 105 156 169

Eastern Europe(2) (*) 55 22

Payments

Construc-

tion,

engi-

neering,

archi-

tectural, Indus-

Legal and trial

serv- mining engi-

ices services(1) neering

All countries 615 465 197

Canada 53 100 24

Europe 309 166 46

Belgium-Luxembourg 7 4 1

France 24 13 (D)

Germany 64 (D) (D)

Italy 11 1 3

Netherlands 9 21 (*)

Norway 4 1 (*)

Spain 11 (*) 2

Sweden 6 0 (*)

Switzerland 7 7 (*)

United Kingdom 130 22 19

Other 37 (D) 2

Latin America end Other

Western Hemisphere 49 12 3

South and Central America 46 11 2

Argentina 6 (*) (*)

Brazil 11 (*) 1

Chile 3 1 0

Mexico 12 4 1

Venezuela 4 1 0

Other 9 5 (*)

Other Western Hemisphere 3 1 (*)

Bermuda 1 0 (*)

Other 1 1 0

Africa 5 31 (*)

South Africa 2 (*) 0

Other 3 31 (*)

Middle east 11 (D) (D)

Israel 5 (*) (*)

Saudi Arabia 3 2 3

Other 4 (D) (D)

Asia and Pacific 188 (D) (D)

Australia 21 28 2

China 7 3 2

Hong Kong 27 (*) (*)

India 5 (*) 2

Indonesia 2 5 0

Japan 87 (D) (D)

Korea, Republic of 16 (*) 1

Malaysia 1 (*) (*)

New Zealand 4 (*) 0

Philippines 2 8 0

Singapore 5 1 0

Taiwan 9 1 (*)

Thailand 3 3 (*)

Other 1 9 0

International organizations

and unallocated 0 (*) 0

Addenda:

European Union(1) 277 132 46

Eastern Europe(2) 166 (D) (*)

Payments

Installa-

tion,

mainte-

nance,

and

repair

of

equip-

ment Other(2)

All countries 239 1,763

Canada 26 282

Europe 158 786

Belgium-Luxembourg 1 20

France 3 64

Germany 10 99

Italy 9 26

Netherlands 3 33

Norway (*) 2

Spain 3 15

Sweden 2 5

Switzerland (*) 49

United Kingdom (D) (D)

Other (D) (D)

Latin America end Other

Western Hemisphere 5 120

South and Central America 5 112

Argentina 1 11

Brazil 3 17

Chile (*) 2

Mexico 2 37

Venezuela (*) 11

Other (*) 34

Other Western Hemisphere 0 7

Bermuda 0 3

Other 0 4

Africa 1 50

South Africa (*) 11

Other 1 39

Middle east 3 (D)

Israel (*) (D)

Saudi Arabia 1 3

Other 1 (D)

Asia and Pacific 46 (D)

Australia (D) (D)

China 3 19

Hong Kong 1 68

India (*) 18

Indonesia 1 11

Japan (D) 197

Korea, Republic of 1 (D)

Malaysia 2 4

New Zealand 1 2

Philippines 1 6

Singapore 1 24

Taiwan 4 40

Thailand 1 (D)

Other 0 13

International organizations

and unallocated 0 0

Addenda:

European Union(1) 152 660

Eastern Europe(2) 1 (D)

(*) Less than $500,000.

(D) Suppressed to avoid disclosure of data to individual companies.

(1.) Receipts for engineering, architectural, construction, mining services are published net of merchandise exports, which are included in merchandise trade in the U.S. international transactions accounts, and net of outlays abroad for wages, services, materials, and other expenses. In 1996, net receipts of $3,553 million were derived as gross operating revenues of $6,521 million less merchandise exports of $1,535 million and foreign expenses of $1,433 million. Payments for engineering, architectural, construction, and mining services are not published net or merchandise imports and outlays for wages and other expenses. Data are not collected for merchandise imports and wages and other expenses, and no estimates are made because they are believed to be small.

(2.) Consists of accounting, auditing, and bookkeeping services, agricultural services, mailing, reproduction, and commercial art, management of health care facilities, medical services, miscellaneous disbursements, operational leasing, personnel supply services, sports and performing arts, training services, and other business, professional, technical services (see footnote 1 table 1).

(3.) See table 2, footnote 2.

(4.) See table 2, footnote 3.

Table 7.2.–Business, Professional, and Technical Services, Unaffiliated, 1997

[Millions of dollars]

Receipts

Data

Com- base

puter and

and other

Adver- data infor-

Total tising proc- mation

essing serv-

ices ices

All countries 21,450 607 2,011 1,479

Canada 1,879 114 227 162

Europe 7,420 267 875 703

Belgium-Luxembourg 234 4 33 25

France 750 42 98 79

Germany 921 42 145 99

Italy 329 25 28 95

Netherlands 500 9 85 30

Norway 89 1 21 6

Spain 237 12 28 21

Sweden 280 (D) 39 24

Switzerland 408 17 45 36

United Kingdom 2,210 66 264 175

Other 1,462 (D) 88 115

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 3,147 112 207 149

South and Central America 2,846 68 195 132

Argentina 299 4 19 15

Brazil 559 9 74 25

Chile 209 (D) 4 7

Mexico 796 15 57 54

Venezuela 257 1 18 11

Other 726 (D) 22 20

Other Western Hemisphere 301 44 13 17

Bermuda 54 (D) 2 5

other 247 (D) 11 12

Africa 825 3 35 45

South Africa 117 1 23 30

Other 707 2 12 15

Middle East 1,667 6 53 67

Israel 176 4 12 9

Saudi Arabia 849 1 32 22

Other 641 1 9 35

Asia and Pacific 6,383 103 613 353

Australia 473 11 94 76

China 482 2 23 6

Hong Kong 310 11 24 24

India 90 1 12 19

Indonesia 739 1 10 5

Japan 2,113 51 90 110

Korea, Republic of 568 7 53 19

Malaysia 244 1 16 7

New Zealand 120 1 8 19

Philippines 225 2 12 5

Singapore 193 5 23 33

Taiwan 383 8 35 11

Thailand 196 2 10 10

Other 246 (*) 3 7

International organization

and unallocated 129 (*) (*) (*)

Addenda:

European Union(3) 5,915 244 774 615

Eastern Europe(4) 633 2 29 32

Receipts

Manage- Const-

ment, ruction,

Re- consul- engi-

search, ting, Legal neering,

deve- and serv- archi-

lopment public ices tectural,

and rela- and

testing tions mining

serv- ices(1)

ices

All countries 893 1,632 2,223 3,503

Canada 63 160 162 99

Europe 361 623 1,211 717

Belgium-Luxembourg 22 9 70 4

France 28 51 214 19

Germany 68 80 158 48

Italy 27 17 38 11

Netherlands 14 27 42 16

Norway 2 3 12 1

Spain 8 6 12 10

Sweden 38 15 23 2

Switzerland 64 33 46 (D)

United Kingdom 46 173 467 286

Other 43 208 130 (D)

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 30 231 143 460

South and Central America 27 210 104 430

Argentina 2 8 11 23

Brazil 5 67 17 49

Chile (*) 4 10 68

Mexico 9 53 30 104

Venezuela 1 12 14 100

Other 10 67 22 86

Other Western Hemisphere 3 21 39 31

Bermuda 1 3 18 (*)

other 2 18 21 31

Africa 19 135 8 300

South Africa 4 12 4 9

Other 14 123 4 291

Middle East 19 124 65 616

Israel 5 17 23 14

Saudi Arabia 11 64 11 205

Other 2 44 32 398

Asia and Pacific 398 354 634 1,309

Australia 30 49 40 5

China 5 10 19 170

Hong Kong 7 12 77 19

India 4 15 2 2

Indonesia 10 24 9 602

Japan 238 128 372 106

Korea, Republic of 36 11 57 146

Malaysia 3 7 2 60

New Zealand 3 2 4 0

Philippines 3 26 3 114

Singapore 7 6 13 12

Taiwan 33 3 24 22

Thailand 13 16 5 43

Other 6 47 5 10

International organization

and unallocated 4 5 (*) (*)

Addenda:

European Union(3) 277 393 1,073 487

Eastern Europe(4) 17 165 72 102

Receipts

Instal-

lation,

Indus- mainte-

trial nance,

engi- and

neering repair Other

of (2)

equip-

ment

All countries 1,186 3,272 4,645

Canada 87 240 566

Europe 187 937 1,539

Belgium-Luxembourg 2 34 31

France 9 96 115

Germany 18 123 139

Italy 4 45 39

Netherlands (D) 110 (D)

Norway 2 11 30

Spain 20 54 67

Sweden 8 37 (D)

Switzerland (D) 36 94

United Kingdom 26 243 465

Other 34 149 386

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 147 412 1,256

South and Central America 139 382 1,161

Argentina 24 17 176

Brazil 11 74 227

Chile (D) 5 60

Mexico 12 219 243

Venezuela 19 21 59

Other (D) 45 396

Other Western Hemisphere 8 30 95

Bermuda (*) (*) (D)

other 8 30 (D)

Africa 42 65 173

South Africa (*) 16 19

Other 41 50 155

Middle East 120 496 99

Israel (D) 49 (D)

Saudi Arabia (D) 379 (D)

Other (D) 68 (D)

Asia and Pacific 602 1,116 900

Australia 10 88 69

China 52 66 130

Hong Kong 1 35 100

India 10 9 15

Indonesia 9 32 37

Japan 219 412 186

Korea, Republic of 51 135 52

Malaysia (D) 38 (D)

New Zealand 1 23 59

Philippines 1 30 30

Singapore 9 65 20

Taiwan (D) 71 (D)

Thailand (D) 51 (D)

Other 25 61 81

International organization

and unallocated 1 6 112

Addenda:

European Union(3) 156 801 1,094

Eastern Europe(4) 17 32 165

Payments

Data

Com- base

puter and

and other

Adver- data infor-

Total tising proc- mation

essing serv-

ices ices

All countries 6,047 773 276 128

Canada 837 50 71 6

Europe 2,708 303 104 84

Belgium-Luxembourg 81 14 7 (*)

France 220 32 7 (D)

Germany 295 63 14 3

Italy 72 16 1 (*)

Netherlands 117 5 6 11

Norway 15 2 (*) (*)

Spain 69 26 9 7

Sweden 27 3 1 (*)

Switzerland 124 13 4 3

United Kingdom 1,274 106 47 42

Other 410 22 9 (D)

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 480 44 9 3

South and Central America 444 42 7 2

Argentina 43 2 (*) (*)

Brazil 105 16 2 1

Chile 21 2 (*) (*)

Mexico 136 8 3 (*)

Venezuela 16 1 1 (*)

Other 122 13 1 (*)

Other Western Hemisphere 36 1 2 1

Bermuda 19 1 1 (*)

other 17 1 1 1

Africa 171 6 1 4

South Africa 21 3 1 1

Other 150 2 (*) 3

Middle East 296 13 7 1

Israel 102 1 2 (*)

Saudi Arabia 79 2 4 (*)

Other 114 10 (*) (*)

Asia and Pacific 1,556 358 84 30

Australia 170 21 11 1

China 53 5 2 2

Hong Kong 134 10 11 1

India 41 4 8 1

Indonesia 40 2 1 (*)

Japan 716 261 20 16

Korea, Republic of 79 18 4 1

Malaysia 20 2 1 (*)

New Zealand 19 4 1 (*)

Philippines 59 2 9 2

Singapore 57 8 5 4

Taiwan 71 14 9 (*)

Thailand 64 3 2 1

Other 32 3 (*) 1

International organization

and unallocated (*) (*) 0 0

Addenda:

European Union(3) 2,302 280 96 78

Eastern Europe(4) 242 4 4 3

Payments

Manage- Construc-

ment, tion,

Re- consul- engi-

search, ting, Legal neering,

deve- and serv- archi-

lopment public ices tectural,

and rela- and

testing tions mining

serv- ices(1)

ices

All countries 564 687 539 463

Canada 54 80 33 61

Europe 320 249 275 220

Belgium-Luxembourg 5 9 7 (D)

France 21 13 19 3

Germany 35 20 45 10

Italy 10 3 8 1

Netherlands 20 8 7 34

Norway 4 1 4 (*)

Spain 3 3 9 (*)

Sweden 7 1 5 (*)

Switzerland 25 14 8 4

United Kingdom 103 147 128 81

Other 87 30 37 (D)

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 32 89 61 33

South and Central America 30 86 54 31

Argentina 3 3 7 (D)

Brazil 12 32 15 5

Chile 2 3 2 1

Mexico 4 20 14 9

Venezuela (*) 2 4 (*)

Other 9 26 12 (D)

Other Western Hemisphere 2 3 7 2

Bermuda 1 1 4 2

other 1 2 2 (*)

Africa 26 34 6 24

South Africa 1 2 2 (*)

Other 25 32 3 24

Middle East (D) (D) 9 (D)

Israel (D) 2 4 4

Saudi Arabia (*) (D) 1 1

Other 2 7 4 (D)

Asia and Pacific (D) (D) 155 (D)

Australia 9 22 21 5

China 2 6 8 1

Hong Kong 1 6 26 1

India 3 5 2 (*)

Indonesia 5 8 3 2

Japan 24 29 57 24

Korea, Republic of 4 13 14 1

Malaysia (*) (D) 1 (*)

New Zealand 2 1 4 (*)

Philippines 3 28 2 3

Singapore 1 3 6 7

Taiwan 4 2 8 2

Thailand (D) (D) 2 4

Other (D) 4 2 (D)

International organization

and unallocated (*) (*) (*) (*)

Addenda:

European Union(3) 226 210 242 148

Eastern Europe(4) 61 20 17 (D)

Payments

Instal-

lation,

Indus- mainte-

trial nance,

engi- and

neering repair Other

of (2)

equip-

ment

All countries 211 307 2,009

Canada 44 60 378

Europe 49 173 931

Belgium-Luxembourg 1 2 (D)

France 4 7 (D)

Germany 19 11 76

Italy 2 2 30

Netherlands (*) 3 23

Norway (*) 3 2

Spain (*) (*) 12

Sweden 1 3 6

Switzerland 1 5 47

United Kingdom 14 133 473

Other 6 4 134

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 2 7 200

South and Central America 2 6 184

Argentina (*) (*) (D)

Brazil (*) 2 21

Chile (*) (*) 12

Mexico 1 3 75

Venezuela (*) (*) 7

Other 1 1 (D)

Other Western Hemisphere 1 1 16

Bermuda 1 1 7

other (*) (*) 8

Africa 3 1 65

South Africa (*) (*) 10

Other 3 1 55

Middle East (*) 5 51

Israel (*) (*) (D)

Saudi Arabia (*) 2 (D)

Other (*) 2 (D)

Asia and Pacific 113 61 473

Australia 1 4 74

China 1 2 25

Hong Kong (*) 6 72

India (D) 1 (D)

Indonesia (*) 1 17

Japan (D) 19 (D)

Korea, Republic of 4 3 18

Malaysia (*) 2 (D)

New Zealand (*) (*) 7

Philippines (*) 1 8

Singapore 2 6 16

Taiwan (*) (D) (D)

Thailand (*) 2 (D)

Other (D) (D) 15

International organization

and unallocated 0 (*) (*)

Addenda:

European Union(3) 45 164 812

Eastern Europe(4) 3 1 (D)

(*) Less than $500,000.

(D) Suppressed to avoid disclosure of data to individual companies.

(1.) Receipts for engineering, architectural, construction, and mining services are published net of merchandise exports, which are included in merchandise trade in the U.S. international transactions accounts, and net of outlays abroad for wages, services, materials, and other expenses. In 1997, net receipts of $3,503 million were derived as gross operating revenues of $7,319 million less merchandise exports of $1,958 million and foreign expenses of $1,858 million. Payments for engineering, architectural, construction, and mining services are not published net of merchandise imports and outlays for wages and other expenses. Data are not collected for merchandise imports and wages and other expenses, and no estimates are made because they are believed to be small.

(2.) See table 7.1, footnote 2.

(3.) See table 2, footnote 2.

(4.) See table 2, footnote 3.

Table 7.3.–Business, Professional, and Technical Services, Unaffiliated, 1998

[Millions of dollars]

Receipts

Data

Com- base

puter and

and other

Adver- data infor-

Total tising proc- mation

essing serv-

ices ices

All countries 22,175 488 1,922 1,524

Canada 1,771 82 231 174

Europe 7,629 238 867 718

Belgium-Luxembourg 294 9 35 28

France 723 32 73 75

Germany 975 34 136 86

Italy 397 21 34 99

Netherlands 471 4 69 29

Norway 100 1 24 8

Spain 189 5 30 23

Sweden 265 (D) 29 23

Switzerland 405 21 28 37

United Kingdom 2,144 62 291 204

Other 1,665 (D) 119 105

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 3784 89 249 169

South and Central America 3,297 55 231 150

Argentina 411 1 19 21

Brazil 595 (D) 96 29

Chile 171 2 8 10

Mexico 850 13 61 57

Venezuela 432 (*) 17 16

Other 838 (D) 30 17

Other Western Hemisphere 487 34 18 19

Bermuda 69 (D) 7 6

other 417 (D) 10 13

Africa 940 3 34 51

South Africa 120 (*) 17 35

Other 819 3 17 16

Middle East 1,649 10 65 63

Israel 180 3 17 8

Saudi Arabia 876 3 38 25

Other 593 3 10 31

Asia and Pacific 6,239 67 477 348

Australia 472 3 60 82

China 634 2 20 10

Hong Kong 316 15 20 29

India 218 2 15 26

Indonesia 674 (*) 8 3

Japan 1,904 30 200 86

Korea, Republic of 414 3 37 10

Malaysia 118 1 15 9

New Zealand 140 (*) 10 22

Philippines 236 1 15 4

Singapore 306 4 26 37

Taiwan 291 3 33 11

Thailand 275 1 15 11

Other 240 1 4 7

International organization

and unallocated 162 (*) (*) 1

Addenda:

European Union(3) 6,115 211 778 631

Eastern Europe(4) 749 3 29 33

Receipts

Manage- Construc-

ment tion,

Re- consul- engi-

search, ting, Legal neering,

deve- and serv- archi-

lopment public ices tectural,

and rela- and

testing tions mining

serv- ices(1)

ices

All countries 833 1,841 2,419 3,548

Canada 87 201 156 15

Europe 395 657 1329 572

Belgium-Luxembourg 23 10 87 10

France 40 56 212 4

Germany 95 113 160 63

Italy 28 11 44 25

Netherlands 13 29 63 11

Norway 3 3 8 3

Spain 5 4 13 7

Sweden 31 17 32 7

Switzerland 61 47 71 10

United Kingdom 52 166 508 10

Other 44 200 130 421

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 30 260 156 775

South and Central America 30 231 104 618

Argentina 5 8 15 24

Brazil 3 54 18 31

Chile (*) 3 9 54

Mexico 9 47 39 139

Venezuela 3 35 10 245

Other 9 84 14 125

Other Western Hemisphere (*) 30 52 158

Bermuda (*) 1 27 3

other (*) 29 25 155

Africa 20 146 8 371

South Africa 3 14 5 7

Other 18 132 3 364

Middle East 19 167 60 571

Israel 4 20 22 7

Saudi Arabia 12 88 10 351

Other 3 59 28 213

Asia and Pacific 276 407 710 1,244

Australia 25 78 45 5

China 7 10 17 210

Hong Kong 2 16 76 12

India 8 12 11 93

Indonesia 6 21 8 535

Japan 159 140 403 41

Korea, Republic of 19 12 74 48

Malaysia (*) 4 2 10

New Zealand 1 3 4 1

Philippines 5 25 7 116

Singapore 7 8 18 73

Taiwan 19 4 28 55

Thailand (D) 13 3 38

Other (D) 62 13 8

International organization

and unallocated 5 2 (*) 1

Addenda:

European Union(3) 321 427 1,162 343

Eastern Europe(4) 9 149 84 208

Receipts

Instal-

lation,

Indus- mainte-

trial nance,

engi- and

neering repair Other

of (2)

equip-

ment

All countries 1,316 3,212 5,072

Canada 111 227 486

Europe 262 901 1,689

Belgium-Luxembourg 11 25 57

France 11 94 125

Germany 24 130 134

Italy 13 79 43

Netherlands 37 92 121

Norway 2 15 34

Spain 11 21 69

Sweden 12 36 (D)

Switzerland (D) 20 (D)

United Kingdom 40 259 552

Other (D) 130 413

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 219 461 1,374

South and Central America 213 404 1,261

Argentina (D) 57 (D)

Brazil 22 69 (D)

Chile 4 11 69

Mexico 34 207 244

Venezuela (D) 14 (D)

Other 58 45 (D)

Other Western Hemisphere 6 57 113

Bermuda (*) 1 (D)

other 6 56 (D)

Africa (D) 45 (D)

South Africa (*) 12 26

Other (D) 34 (D)

Middle East (D) 406 (D)

Israel 14 45 40

Saudi Arabia 39 293 16

Other (D) 68 (D)

Asia and Pacific 508 1,162 1,041

Australia 6 86 84

China (D) 95 (D)

Hong Kong 1 67 78

India 10 21 20

Indonesia 13 41 39

Japan 237 384 224

Korea, Republic of 21 130 59

Malaysia 13 38 26

New Zealand 5 28 66

Philippines 1 37 25

Singapore 18 77 37

Taiwan 17 86 36

Thailand (D) 42 16

Other 23 29 (D)

International organization

and unallocated (D) 8 (D)

Addenda:

European Union(3) 172 810 1,259

Eastern Europe(4) (D) 26 (D)

Payments

Data

Com- base

puter and

and other

Adver- data infor-

Total tising proc- mation

essing serv-

ices ices

All countries 6,869 886 399 151

Canada 946 48 78 18

Europe 3,143 372 153 95

Belgium-Luxembourg 75 10 2 1

France 290 51 7 11

Germany 320 59 27 11

Italy 114 20 3 (*)

Netherlands 140 8 1 14

Norway 63 3 (D) (*)

Spain 99 34 3 1

Sweden 57 8 4 (*)

Switzerland 157 19 5 4

United Kingdom 1,378 137 68 46

Other 450 25 (D) 6

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 540 71 14 1

South and Central America 486 69 12 (*)

Argentina 53 9 2 (*)

Brazil 116 23 1 (*)

Chile 15 2 (*) (*)

Mexico 113 14 3 (*)

Venezuela 23 2 1 (*)

Other 165 19 4 (*)

Other Western Hemisphere 54 2 2 (*)

Bermuda 29 1 1 (*)

other 26 1 1 (*)

Africa 159 8 2 (*)

South Africa 21 5 (*) (*)

Other 137 4 1 (*)

Middle East 368 20 13 1

Israel 85 3 7 1

Saudi Arabia 159 5 5 0

Other 124 12 (*) (*)

Asia and Pacific 1,711 366 139 36

Australia 209 24 7 2

China 70 4 2 3

Hong Kong 120 14 5 1

India 118 4 82 3

Indonesia 25 1 2 (*)

Japan 716 274 21 20

Korea, Republic of 106 13 1 (*)

Malaysia 14 1 (*) (*)

New Zealand 19 4 1 (*)

Philippines 73 3 9 3

Singapore 50 5 4 3

Taiwan 93 14 3 (*)

Thailand 41 3 (*) (*)

Other 57 2 1 (*)

International organization

and unallocated 2 (*) (*) (*)

Addenda:

European Union(3) 2,643 343 135 89

Eastern Europe(4) 237 4 1 1

Payments

Manage- Construc-

ment tion,

Re- consul- engi-

search, ting, Legal neering,

deve- and serv- archi-

lopment public ices tectural,

and rela- and

testing tions mining

serv- ices(1)

ices

All countries 667 888 637 544

Canada 61 120 36 56

Europe 453 324 343 264

Belgium-Luxembourg 10 9 11 1

France 17 17 29 44

Germany 45 23 58 8

Italy 6 3 9 11

Netherlands 27 19 10 (D)

Norway 22 1 5 4

Spain 5 9 9 (*)

Sweden 14 3 6 (*)

Switzerland 29 8 11 23

United Kingdom 205 183 149 60

Other 72 48 47 (D)

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 31 83 74 17

South and Central America 29 78 61 16

Argentina 4 3 8 7

Brazil 8 26 16 2

Chile 2 1 3 (*)

Mexico 6 14 15 3

Venezuela 1 5 4 (*)

Other 8 29 16 3

Other Western Hemisphere 2 5 13 1

Bermuda 1 2 9 (*)

other 1 3 4 (*)

Africa (D) (D) 8 26

South Africa 1 1 2 (*)

Other (D) (D) 6 25

Middle East (D) (D) 11 84

Israel (D) 2 5 (D)

Saudi Arabia 1 (D) 2 (D)

Other 1 3 4 (D)

Asia and Pacific 64 209 164 98

Australia 13 33 23 15

China 3 13 10 1

Hong Kong 2 6 20 12

India 3 4 4 1

Indonesia 2 5 3 1

Japan 19 37 54 32

Korea, Republic of 6 10 17 (D)

Malaysia (*) 7 1 (*)

New Zealand 4 1 5 (*)

Philippines 3 (D) 2 3

Singapore 1 3 5 2

Taiwan 3 (D) 9 6

Thailand 3 (D) 4 2

Other 3 5 7 (D)

International organization

and unallocated (*) (*) (*) (*)

Addenda:

European Union(3) 351 277 301 155

Eastern Europe(4) 48 26 18 (D)

Payments

Instal-

lation,

Indus- mainte-

trial nance,

engi- and

neering repair Other

of (2)

equip-

ment

All countries 205 310 2,181

Canada 37 87 405

Europe 81 111 947

Belgium-Luxembourg (*) 2 30

France 2 6 106

Germany 11 10 68

Italy (D) 1 (D)

Netherlands 1 4 (D)

Norway 1 8 (D)

Spain (D) 7 (D)

Sweden (D) 1 (D)

Switzerland 2 2 54

United Kingdom 8 63 458

Other 1 7 136

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 5 41 204

South and Central America 4 40 176

Argentina (*) 3 16

Brazil (*) (D) (D)

Chile (*) (*) 7

Mexico 2 5 51

Venezuela (*) (*) 10

Other 1 (D) (D)

Other Western Hemisphere 1 1 28

Bermuda 1 (*) 14

other (*) 1 14

Africa 2 1 68

South Africa 0 1 10

Other 2 (*) 58

Middle East (*) 10 62

Israel 0 7 16

Saudi Arabia 0 2 (D)

Other (*) 1 (D)

Asia and Pacific 80 59 494

Australia (*) 5 86

China 1 2 32

Hong Kong (*) 3 57

India (D) 1 (D)

Indonesia (*) 2 8

Japan (D) 16 (D)

Korea, Republic of (*) (D) 24

Malaysia 0 (*) 4

New Zealand 0 (*) 4

Philippines (*) (*) (D)

Singapore (D) (D) 20

Taiwan (*) 9 (D)

Thailand (*) 1 (D)

Other (*) (*) (D)

International organization

and unallocated 0 0 1

Addenda:

European Union(3) 77 100 814

Eastern Europe(4) 1 1 (D)

(*) Less than $500,000.

(D) Suppressed tO avoid disclosure of data to individual companies.

(1.) Receipts for engineering, architectural, construction, and mining services are published net of merchandise exports, which are included in merchandise trade in the U.S. international transactions accounts, and net of outlays abroad for wages, services, materials, and other expenses. In 1998, net receipts of $3,548 million were derived as gross operating revenues of $8,654 million less merchandise exports of $1,861 million and foreign expenses of $3,244 million. Payments for engineering, architectural, construction, and mining services are not published net of merchandise imports and outlays for wages and other expenses. Data are not collected for merchandise imports and wages and other expenses, and no estimates are made because they are believed to be small.

(2.) See table 7.1, footnote 2.

(3.) See table 2, footnote 2.

(4.) See table 2, footnote 3.

Table 7.4.–Business, Professional, and Technical Services, Unaffiliated, 1999

[Millions of dollars]

Receipts

Data

Com- base

puter and

and other

Adver- data infor-

Total tising proc- mation

essing serv-

ices ices

All countries 24,368 414 2,291 1,741

Canada 2,223 90 244 181

Europe 8,858 197 1,134 774

Belgium-Luxembourg 325 13 44 22

France 835 19 97 76

Germany 1,129 35 170 93

Italy 577 21 44 112

Netherlands 506 4 95 34

Norway 118 1 36 9

Spain 278 5 41 27

Sweden 279 30 26 27

Switzerland 380 16 31 36

United Kingdom 2,629 44 391 41

Other 1,801 10 159 26

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 4,018 70 211 225

South and Central America 3,587 41 190 200

Argentina 384 3 19 21

Brazil 570 6 47 51

Chile 208 1 8 12

Mexico 947 7 51 70

Venezuela 568 (*) 33 21

Other 910 25 32 26

Other Western Hemisphere 430 28 21 25

Bermuda 66 10 8 5

other 364 19 13 20

Africa 935 3 52 60

South Africa 154 (*) 30 41

Other 781 2 22 19

Middle East 1,548 5 91 74

Israel 172 1 28 7

Saudi Arabia 878 2 46 29

Other 498 1 17 38

Asia and Pacific 6,574 50 559 426

Australia 534 3 75 112

China 782 3 19 12

Hong Kong 372 7 39 35

India 212 1 16 29

Indonesia 605 (*) 15 4

Japan 1,907 22 209 94

Korea, Republic of 454 3 40 16

Malaysia 129 1 22 12

New Zealand 151 (*) 15 26

Philippines 174 (*) 10 5

Singapore 317 6 28 47

Taiwan 516 2 43 12

Thailand 212 1 21 13

Other 209 (*) 6 9

International organization

and unallocated 213 (*) (*) (*)

Addenda:

European Union(3) 7,308 176 996 681

Eastern Europe(4) 785 2 57 37

Receipts

Manage- Construc-

ment tion,

Re- consul- engi-

search, ting, Legal neering,

deve- and serv- archi-

lopment public ices tectural,

and rela- and

testing tions mining

serv- ices(1)

ices

All countries 767 1,910 2,560 4,071

Canada 116 170 184 144

Europe 305 838 1,410 806

Belgium-Luxembourg 10 20 80 3

France 33 93 237 14

Germany 82 141 189 70

Italy 14 20 50 (D)

Netherlands 14 40 46 13

Norway 7 4 9 2

Spain 5 10 15 7

Sweden 32 23 31 2

Switzerland 27 61 59 11

United Kingdom 43 179 566 157

Other 38 244 128 (D)

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 47 219 162 923

South and Central America 47 195 109 800

Argentina 9 7 12 27

Brazil 6 41 23 57

Chile (*) 2 8 74

Mexico 13 40 39 116

Venezuela 3 26 10 377

Other 16 79 16 149

Other Western Hemisphere 1 24 53 123

Bermuda (*) 1 26 2

other (*) 23 27 121

Africa 17 142 7 368

South Africa 6 19 4 8

Other 11 123 3 360

Middle East 40 157 54 447

Israel 5 20 26 7

Saudi Arabia 33 78 5 283

Other 3 59 22 157

Asia and Pacific 235 379 744 1,382

Australia 19 42 50 29

China 4 10 37 362

Hong Kong 5 11 89 11

India 4 9 3 98

Indonesia 5 21 7 469

Japan 142 161 390 78

Korea, Republic of 8 15 96 45

Malaysia 2 3 2 26

New Zealand 1 1 4 (*)

Philippines 2 20 4 81

Singapore 7 9 18 75

Taiwan 21 6 31 70

Thailand 2 15 6 35

Other 4 57 7 4

International organization

and unallocated 7 5 (*) 1

Addenda:

European Union(3) 263 555 1,264 632

Eastern Europe(4) 7 180 74 156

Receipts

Instal-

lation,

Indus- mainte-

trial nance,

engi- and

neering repair Other

of (2)

equip-

ment

All countries 1,492 3,487 5,634

Canada 194 331 569

Europe 402 986 2,006

Belgium-Luxembourg 8 23 103

France 18 98 150

Germany 69 135 144

Italy 13 59 (D)

Netherlands 24 93 144

Norway 2 11 37

Spain 32 53 84

Sweden 15 44 50

Switzerland 12 31 95

United Kingdom 110 296 634

Other 98 144 (D)

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 207 507 1,447

South and Central America 196 477 1,333

Argentina (D) 66 (D)

Brazil 20 85 234

Chile 5 27 73

Mexico 78 246 286

Venezuela 4 11 82

Other (D) 42 (D)

Other Western Hemisphere 11 30 114

Bermuda (*) 1 14

other 11 29 100

Africa 29 31 226

South Africa (*) 17 27

Other 29 14 198

Middle East 96 431 153

Israel 9 29 40

Saudi Arabia 58 329 15

Other 29 73 98

Asia and Pacific 564 1,194 1,042

Australia 19 91 93

China 5 97 232

Hong Kong 3 85 87

India 5 20 26

Indonesia 10 35 37

Japan 191 404 217

Korea, Republic of 38 123 72

Malaysia 7 35 21

New Zealand 2 31 70

Philippines 4 29 20

Singapore 7 92 27

Taiwan (D) 113 (D)

Thailand (D) 28 (D)

Other 21 10 91

International organization

and unallocated (*) 8 192

Addenda:

European Union(3) 307 906 1,529

Eastern Europe(4) 77 11 183

Payments

Data

Com- base

puter and

and other

Adver- data infor-

Total tising proc- mation

essing serv-

ices ices

All countries 7,430 757 432 198

Canada 1,204 34 67 21

Europe 3,369 263 162 133

Belgium-Luxembourg 84 9 3 1

France 286 27 2 (D)

Germany 377 40 44 13

Italy 148 16 2 1

Netherlands 127 5 (*) 15

Norway 44 2 (D) (*)

Spain 81 19 1 (*)

Sweden 78 5 1 (*)

Switzerland 155 12 7 6

United Kingdom 1,506 113 87 48

Other 484 15 (D) (D)

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 703 85 10 1

South and Central America 557 82 7 1

Argentina 73 9 2 (*)

Brazil 135 38 1 (*)

Chile 18 4 (*) (*)

Mexico 151 19 1 (*)

Venezuela 28 1 1 (*)

Other 152 11 1 (*)

Other Western Hemisphere 146 4 2 (*)

Bermuda 116 3 1 (*)

other 30 (*) 1 (*)

Africa 170 5 1 (*)

South Africa 28 3 (*) (*)

Other 142 2 1 (*)

Middle East 326 18 17 2

Israel 101 2 13 2

Saudi Arabia 109 4 3 (*)

Other 117 11 (*) (*)

Asia and Pacific 1,655 352 176 42

Australia 201 15 5 1

China 61 4 2 4

Hong Kong 113 8 2 1

India 165 2 131 3

Indonesia 30 (*) 2 (*)

Japan 656 284 15 20

Korea, Republic of 108 14 1 2

Malaysia 11 1 (*) (*)

New Zealand 16 1 (*) (*)

Philippines 58 1 11 5

Singapore 67 3 2 3

Taiwan 84 16 4 (*)

Thailand 41 1 (*) (*)

Other 46 2 1 (*)

International organization

and unallocated 3 0 0 0

Addenda:

European Union(3) 2,877 244 143 125

Eastern Europe(4) 216 1 (*) 1

Payments

Manage- Construc-

ment tion,

Re- consul- engi-

search, ting, Legal neering,

deve- and serv- archi-

lopment public ices tectural,

and rela- and

testing tions mining

serv- ices(1)

ices

All countries 667 888 637 544

Canada 61 120 36 56

Europe 453 324 343 264

Belgium-Luxembourg 10 9 11 1

France 17 17 29 44

Germany 45 23 58 8

Italy 6 3 9 11

Netherlands 27 19 10 (D)

Norway 22 1 5 4

Spain 5 9 9 (*)

Sweden 14 3 6 (*)

Switzerland 29 8 11 23

United Kingdom 205 183 149 60

Other 72 48 47 (D)

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 31 83 74 17

South and Central America 29 78 61 16

Argentina 4 3 8 7

Brazil 8 26 16 2

Chile 2 1 3 (*)

Mexico 6 14 15 3

Venezuela 1 5 4 (*)

Other 8 29 16 3

Other Western Hemisphere 2 5 13 1

Bermuda 1 2 9 (*)

other 1 3 4 (*)

Africa (D) (D) 8 26

South Africa 1 1 2 (*)

Other (D) (D) 6 25

Middle East (D) (D) 11 84

Israel (D) 2 5 (D)

Saudi Arabia 1 (D) 2 (D)

Other 1 3 4 (D)

Asia and Pacific 64 209 164 98

Australia 13 33 23 15

China 3 13 10 1

Hong Kong 2 6 20 12

India 3 4 4 1

Indonesia 2 5 3 1

Japan 19 37 54 32

Korea, Republic of 6 10 17 (D)

Malaysia (*) 7 1 (*)

New Zealand 4 1 5 (*)

Philippines 3 (D) 2 3

Singapore 1 3 5 2

Taiwan 3 (D) 9 6

Thailand 3 (D) 4 2

Other 3 5 7 (D)

International organization

and unallocated (*) (*) (*) (*)

Addenda:

European Union(3) 351 277 301 155

Eastern Europe(4) 48 26 18 (D)

Payments

Instal-

lation,

Indus- mainte-

trial nance,

engi- and

neering repair Other

of (2)

equip-

ment

All countries 141 302 2,576

Canada 29 102 561

Europe 68 138 1,100

Belgium-Luxembourg (*) (*) 30

France 2 3 109

Germany 2 26 86

Italy (D) 29 (D)

Netherlands (*) 4 47

Norway 1 3 (D)

Spain 16 1 18

Sweden 8 6 10

Switzerland 2 1 55

United Kingdom 18 43 548

Other (D) 22 146

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 16 10 250

South and Central America 16 9 (D)

Argentina 1 (*) (D)

Brazil (D) 1 (D)

Chile (*) (*) 6

Mexico 2 7 67

Venezuela 1 (*) 13

Other (D) (*) (D)

Other Western Hemisphere (*) 1 (D)

Bermuda (*) (*) (D)

other (*) 1 17

Africa 3 1 (D)

South Africa (*) (*) 13

Other 3 1 (D)

Middle East 3 2 (D)

Israel 1 1 16

Saudi Arabia (*) (*) 10

Other 2 (*) (D)

Asia and Pacific 22 48 545

Australia (*) 3 97

China 1 2 25

Hong Kong (*) 2 60

India 1 (*) 12

Indonesia (*) 1 12

Japan (D) 17 (D)

Korea, Republic of 1 8 (D)

Malaysia (*) (*) 3

New Zealand (*) (*) 6

Philippines (*) (*) 9

Singapore (D) 7 24

Taiwan (*) 6 32

Thailand (*) 1 (D)

Other (*) (*) (D)

International organization

and unallocated 0 0 0

Addenda:

European Union(3) 63 117 959

Eastern Europe(4) 1 1 (D)

(*) Less than $500,000.

(D) Suppressed tO avoid disclosure of data To individual companies.

(1.) Receipts for engineering, architectural, construction, and mining services are published net of merchandise exports, which are included in merchandise trade in the U.S. international transactions accounts, and net of outlays abroad for wages, services, materials, and other expenses. In 1999, net receipts of $4,071 million were derived as gross operating revenues of $8,724 million less merchandise exports of $1,330 million and foreign expenses of $3,322 million. Payments for engineering, architectural, construction, and mining services are not published net of merchandise imports and outlays for wages and other expenses. Data are not collected for merchandise imports and wages and other expenses, and no estimates are made because they are believed to be small.

(2.) See table 7.1, footnote 2.

(3.) See table 2, footnote 2.

(4.) See table 2, footnote 3.

Table 8.–Sales of Services to Foreign Persons by U.S. MNC’s Through Their Nonbank MOFA’s and to U.S. Persons by Foreign MNC’s Through Their Nonbank MOUSA’s, by Country, 1991-98

[Millions of dollars]

Sales by MOFA’s to foreign persons

Country(1)

1991 1992 1993 1994

All countries 131,623 140,553 142,603 159,149

Canada 17,967 17,531 18,265 17,776

Europe 74,091 80,124 79,578 84,599

Belgium 3,591 (D) (D) 3,886

France 9,349 10,869 10,292 10,897

Germany 9,730 11,379 12,744 12,434

Italy 5,337 6,005 5,187 4,528

Netherlands 7,537 6,925 7,740 8,111

Norway 704 846 793 878

Spain 2,298 2,608 2,095 2,211

Sweden (D) (D) (D) (D)

Switzerland 2,776 2,759 3,140 3,187

United Kingdom 27,636 29,480 28,496 31,810

Other (D) (D) (D) (D)

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 8,441 8,999 9,526 12,588

South and Central America 4,042 4,705 5,580 8,354

Argentina 509 612 751 1,463

Brazil 1,700 1,685 1,875 2,361

Chile 218 399 465 865

Mexico 796 (D) 1,310 1,772

Venezuela 348 (D) (D) 1,054

Other 689 519 (D) 839

Other Western Hemisphere 4,399 4,294 3,946 4,233

Bermuda (D) (D) (D) (D)

Other (D) (D) (D) (D)

Africa, Middle East, and

Asia and Pacific 28,008 31,348 32,496 41,663

Africa 637 (D) 727 (D)

South Africa 35 35 35 109

Other 601 (D) 692 (D)

Middle East 1,420 (D) 1,808 (D)

Israel (D) (D) (D) (D)

Saudi Arabia 614 772 809 720

Other (D) 700 (D) (D)

Asia and Pacific 25,952 28,753 29,961 39,033

Australia 4,282 4,238 3,964 5,550

China 128 (D) 3,351 320

Hong Kong 3,293 2,970 (D) 4,043

India (D) (D) (D) 47

Indonesia 237 266 256 249

Japan 12,072 13,859 15,672 19,545

Korea, Republic of 419 598 699 (D)

Malaysia 353 568 642 1,136

New Zealand 1,746 1,798 394 848

Philippines 214 243 257 397

Singapore 1,458 1,613 1,733 2,234

Taiwan 1,009 1,542 1,898 2,473

Thailand 629 797 879 (D)

Other (D) 107 (D) (D)

International(3) 3,116 2,550 2,738 2,523

United States(4) … … … …

Addenda:

European Union(5) 67,676 73,540 72,315 78,497

Eastern Europe(6) (D) 12 53 423

Sales by MOFA’s to foreign persons

Country(1)

1995 1996 1997 1998

All countries 190,057 223,175 255,335 308,998

Canada 18,534 21,160 24,128 26,712

Europe 105,111 128,665 147,698 186,724

Belgium 4,277 4,260 4,283 4,736

France 14,183 15,868 14,567 19,000

Germany 17,618 21,829 19,102 21,162

Italy 5,176 6,462 6,319 7,447

Netherlands 9,134 10,668 10,911 13,563

Norway (D) 1,626 1,818 2,196

Spain 2,869 3,106 3,115 3,497

Sweden (D) 2,883 2,881 3,601

Switzerland 4,006 4,497 4,133 5,105

United Kingdom 38,114 50,330 73,112 93,558

Other 6,003 7,126 7,457 12,859

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 15,791 17,457 23,781 33,288

South and Central America 10,893 12,143 15,449 23,032

Argentina 2,012 2,584 (D) (D)

Brazil 3,008 3,457 4,574 9,970

Chile 1,530 1,146 1,425 1,740

Mexico 1,850 2,003 (D) 3,108

Venezuela (D) 1,689 (D) 2,944

Other (D) 1,263 1,843 (D)

Other Western Hemisphere 4,898 5,313 8,332 10,256

Bermuda (D) (D) (D) 7,449

Other (D) (D) (D) 2,808

Africa, Middle East, and

Asia and Pacific 48,088 53,336 56,797 59,767

Africa 1,677 1,776 2,102 (D)

South Africa 529 (D) 958 1,179

Other 1,148 (D) 1,144 (D)

Middle East 1,643 1,879 2,045 (D)

Israel (D) (D) (D) (D)

Saudi Arabia (D) (D) (D) (D)

Other 633 (D) 755 795

Asia and Pacific 44,768 49,681 52,649 54,739

Australia 6,489 8,821 9,713 11,042

China 453 575 776 888

Hong Kong 4,424 5,310 5,915 6,247

India 116 102 222 367

Indonesia 324 415 (D) (D)

Japan 21,693 21,921 21,684 22,834

Korea, Republic of 1,141 1,299 1,229 1,080

Malaysia (D) 1,391 (D) 1,105

New Zealand 1,175 1,075 1,056 948

Philippines (D) 518 589 589

Singapore 2,492 3,103 3,670 3,215

Taiwan 3,028 3,362 3,965 4,232

Thailand 1,593 1,618 1,490 1,490

Other (D) 172 254 (D)

International(3) 2,531 2,567 2,930 2,506

United States(4) … … … …

Addenda:

European Union(5) 99,012 121,510 140,471 177,251

Eastern Europe(6) 438 577 834 1,684

Sales by MOUSA’s to U.S. persons

Country(1)

1991 1992 1993 1994

All countries 119,520 127,969 134,700 145,414

Canada 20,875 20,138 23,507 22,285

Europe 71,983 77,531 78,255 86,156

Belgium 469 767 533 471

France 5,649 8,923 7,506 11,315

Germany 8,416 8,850 10,687 10,728

Italy (D) 785 819 917

Netherlands 8,634 10,374 8,667 (D)

Norway 300 358 479 535

Spain 204 147 168 179

Sweden (D) (D) (D) (D)

Switzerland 11,029 11,577 11,655 12,589

United Kingdom 30,616 32,661 33,359 35,563

Other 2,469 (D) (D) (D)

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 2,630 2,523 3,432 4,100

South and Central America 518 756 819 944

Argentina 10 3 3 3

Brazil 20 (D) 36 40

Chile (*) 0 0 0

Mexico 133 321 348 488

Venezuela 120 (D) 197 214

Other 236 229 235 199

Other Western Hemisphere 2,112 1,769 2,613 3,156

Bermuda 894 968 1,133 1,373

Other 1,217 801 1,480 1,783

Africa, Middle East, and

Asia and Pacific 23,399 (D) (D) (D)

Africa 126 (D) (D) (D)

South Africa (D) 154 173 179

Other (D) (D) (D) (D)

Middle East 1,462 1,657 1,848 1,915

Israel 159 200 172 164

Saudi Arabia 352 439 533 570

Other 951 1,018 1,143 1,181

Asia and Pacific 21,811 24,312 26,756 30,069

Australia (D) (D) (D) (D)

China 2 40 42 45

Hong Kong 1,024 1,163 1,682 1,759

India 1 15 16 24

Indonesia 19 27 44 53

Japan 15,057 17,705 20,337 23,203

Korea, Republic of 191 (D) 375 252

Malaysia 22 50 124 180

New Zealand (D) (D) 19 15

Philippines 39 10 12 12

Singapore 107 110 112 188

Taiwan 147 154 148 283

Thailand (D) 2 2 2

Other (D) 53 (D) (D)

International(3) … … … …

United States(4) 632 (D) (D) (D)

Addenda:

European Union(5) 56,777 61,803 64,243 71,319

Eastern Europe(6) 17 13 10 12

Sales by MOUSA’s to U.S. persons

Country(1)

1995 1996 1997(2) 1998

All countries 149,663 168,444 223,060 255,081

Canada 26,620 27,282 35,064 40,367

Europe 89,978 101,296 134,865 158,269

Belgium 164 349 130 238

France 12,141 12,260 16,011 19,247

Germany 11,904 16,991 22,171 27,648

Italy 750 993 914 822

Netherlands 9,860 10,511 15,411 24,445

Norway 527 2,031 1,624 1,633

Spain 182 215 317 325

Sweden 2,413 1,490 1,820 2,589

Switzerland 12,758 15,174 19,040 20,818

United Kingdom 35,409 37,812 55,035 58,528

Other 3,871 3,468 2,392 1,975

Latin America and Other

Western Hemisphere 4,209 5,474 6,877 7,917

South and Central America 969 1,098 1,128 1,131

Argentina 3 2 4 5

Brazil 40 59 108 111

Chile 0 (*) (D) 27

Mexico 517 554 559 531

Venezuela 223 256 232 185

Other 186 227 (D) 273

Other Western Hemisphere 3,240 4,376 5,746 6,786

Bermuda 1,460 1,752 2,907 3,091

Other 1,780 2,624 2,841 3,695

Africa, Middle East, and

Asia and Pacific 28,226 33,495 44,304 43,758

Africa 237 248 232 186

South Africa 169 202 191 147

Other 68 46 41 40

Middle East 1,803 1,955 2,037 2,279

Israel 251 237 239 232

Saudi Arabia 591 703 483 506

Other 961 1,015 1,316 1,541

Asia and Pacific 26,168 31,293 42,036 41,293

Australia 4,321 5,886 8,854 10,505

China 58 63 (D) 62

Hong Kong 2,033 1,829 1,388 1,487

India 30 (D) 94 131

Indonesia 40 49 58 96

Japan 18,621 21,398 28,383 26,412

Korea, Republic of 238 827 300 379

Malaysia 162 272 328 286

New Zealand 14 20 47 51

Philippines 10 10 8 8

Singapore 244 343 1,761 1,060

Taiwan 310 386 581 622

Thailand 2 2 (*) (*)

Other 134 (D) (D) 192

International(3) … … … …

United States(4) 630 898 1,950 1,769

Addenda:

European Union(5) 76,612 83,987 114,106 135,718

Eastern Europe(6) 20 22 20 33

(*) Less than $505,000.

(D) Suppressed to avoid disclosure of data of individual companies.

(1.) For MOFA’s, “country” is the country of the affiliate; for MOUSA’s, it is the country of the affiliate’s ultimate beneficial owner.

(2.) See table A, footnote 3.

(3.) Foreign affiliates classified in “International” are those that have operations in more than one country and that are engaged in petroleum shipping, other water transportation, or operating movable oil- and gas-drilling equipment.

(4.) Contains data for U.S. affiliates that have a foreign parent but whose ultimate beneficial owner is a U.S. person.

(5.) See table 2, footnote 2.

(6) See table 2, footnote 3.

MNC Multinational company

MOFA Majority-owned foreign affiliate

MOUSA Majority-owned U.S. affiliate

Table 9.–Sales of Services to Foreign Persons by U.S. MNC’s Through Their Nonbank MOFA’s, SIC-Based Industry of Affiliate by Country of Affiliate, 1997-98

Millions of dollars]

Europe

Of which:

All Canada

countries Total France

All Industries 255,335 24,128 147,698 14,567

Petroleum 12,417 1,110 3,910 178

Manufacturing 15,522 1,731 12,224 2,459

Food and kindred

products 321 43 158 0

Chemicals and allied

products 93 0 80 0

Primary and fabricated

metals 231 (*) 213 1

Machinery (D) (D) (D) (D)

Other manufacturing (D) (D) (D) (D)

Wholesale trade 14,721 1,047 8,977 809

Retail trade (D) (D) (D) (D)

Finance, except

depository Institutions (D) 2,791 (D) 779

Insurance 45,486 4,468 17,488 (D)

Real estate (D) 22 (D) (D)

Services 92,832 7,027 59,635 9,088

Hotels and other lodging

places 3,366 553 1,670 232

Advertising (D) 380 3,910 540

Equipment rental and

leasing, except autos

and computers 2,178 219 1,497 29

Computer and data

processing services (D) 1,465 19,630 (D)

Motion pictures,

including television

tape and film 7,807 615 5,643 (D)

Engineering,

architectural, and

surveying services 9,701 450 6,677 364

Accounting, research,

management and related

services 8,829 895 5,764 426

Health services 350 0 330 0

Other services 20,768 2,449 14,513 (D)

Other Industries (D) (D) (D) 376

Agriculture, forestry,

and fishing 65 15 8 0

Mining 104 92 10 0

Construction 267 26 112 0

Transportation 11,073 1,974 4,867 335

Communication 8,344 (D) 3,956 41

Public utilities (D) 1,942 (D) 0

Europe

Of which:

Nether- Swit- United

Germany lands zerland Kingdom

All Industries 19,102 10,911 4,133 73,112

Petroleum 61 534 33 2,355

Manufacturing 3,465 47 7 4,662

Food and kindred

products 0 25 0 79

Chemicals and allied

products 0 0 6 55

Primary and fabricated

metals 42 0 0 79

Machinery (D) 13 1 4,199

Other manufacturing (D) 9 0 249

Wholesale trade 472 784 775 1,706

Retail trade (D) 0 (D) (D)

Finance, except

depository Institutions 1,173 713 253 (D)

Insurance (D) 1,216 (D) 8,610

Real estate (D) (*) (*) (D)

Services 6,990 (D) 2,666 21,822

Hotels and other lodging

places 133 41 (D) 436

Advertising 751 320 110 966

Equipment rental and

leasing, except autos

and computers (D) 17 (D) 1,207

Computer and data

processing services (D) (D) 1,409 6,463

Motion pictures,

including television

tape and film (D) (D) 50 1,263

Engineering,

architectural, and

surveying services 132 1,021 (*) 3,973

Accounting, research,

management and related

services 1,066 166 739 1,843

Health services 0 0 (D) 41

Other services (D) (D) 226 5,631

Other Industries (D) (D) 157 (D)

Agriculture, forestry,

and fishing 0 0 0 0

Mining 7 0 0 0

Construction 0 3 0 (D)

Transportation 1,248 344 136 2,037

Communication (D) (D) 21 2,553

Public utilities (D) (D) 0 13,680

Other countries

Latin

America Of which:

and Other

Western Total

Hemi- Austra-

sphere lia

All Industries 23,781 56,797 9,713

Petroleum 2,577 2,824 312

Manufacturing 1,081 486 139

Food and kindred

products 39 80 33

Chemicals and allied

products 0 13 0

Primary and fabricated

metals 18 0 0

Machinery (D) 303 44

Other manufacturing (D) 89 61

Wholesale trade 1,012 3,684 401

Retail trade (D) 221 (D)

Finance, except

depository Institutions 2,517 5,280 1,083

Insurance 6,569 16,961 465

Real estate 30 152 6

Services (D) (D) 4,944

Hotels and other lodging

places 603 540 268

Advertising 481 (D) 210

Equipment rental and

leasing, except autos

and computers 396 65 6

Computer and data

processing services (D) 10,945 2,107

Motion pictures,

including television

tape and film 397 1,152 344

Engineering,

architectural, and

surveying services (D) (D) (D)

Accounting, research,

management and related

services 414 1,756 380

Health services 20 (*) 0

Other services (D) (D) (D)

Other Industries (D) (D) (D)

Agriculture, forestry,

and fishing 2 41 (D)

Mining 2 0 0

Construction (D) (D) (D)

Transportation 535 2,763 205

Communication 1,812 (D) 101

Public utilities 918 3,853 1,787

Other countries

Of which:

Inter-

Japan national(1)

All Industries 21,684 2,930

Petroleum 238 1,996

Manufacturing 29 …

Food and kindred

products 0 …

Chemicals and allied

products (*) …

Primary and fabricated

metals 0 …

Machinery 25 …

Other manufacturing 4 …

Wholesale trade 1,373 …

Retail trade (D) …

Finance, except

depository Institutions 2,438 …

Insurance 8,984 …

Real estate 35 …

Services 8,140 …

Hotels and other lodging

places 0 …

Advertising 171 …

Equipment rental and

leasing, except autos

and computers 18 …

Computer and data

processing services 6,306 …

Motion pictures,

including television

tape and film (D) …

Engineering,

architectural, and

surveying services 42 …

Accounting, research,

management and related

services 310 …

Health services 0 …

Other services (D) …

Other Industries (D) …

Agriculture, forestry,

and fishing 0 …

Mining 0 …

Construction (D) …

Transportation 364 …

Communication 70 …

Public utilities 0 …

1998

Europe

Of which:

All Canada

countries Total France

All Industries 308,998 26,712 186,724 19,000

Petroleum 12,676 918 4,815 109

Manufacturing 16,392 1,886 12,657 3,297

Food and kindred

products 292 48 77 0

Chemicals and allied

products 92 0 79 0

Primary and fabricated

metals 239 (*) 188 5

Machinery (D) (D) 10,855 (D)

Other manufacturing (D) (D) 1,458 (D)

Wholesale trade 14,853 1,146 9,501 819

Retail trade (D) (D) (D) (D)

Finance, except

depository Institutions (D) (D) (D) 1,125

Insurance 46,288 4,249 16,911 720

Real estate (D) (D) 934 123

Services 111,639 7,561 75,835 12,154

Hotels and other lodging

places 3,236 606 1,586 230

Advertising 6,491 374 4,778 734

Equipment rental and

leasing, except autos

and computers 2,446 386 1,609 31

Computer and data

processing services 45,780 (D) 29,490 2,818

Motion pictures,

including television

tape and film 8,024 672 5,690 736

Engineering,

architectural, and 11,212 487 7,690 364

surveying services

Accounting, research,

management and related

services 10,337 816 7,409 1,175

Health services 376 0 327 0

Other services 23,738 (D) 17,254 6,067

Other Industries (D) (D) (D) (D)

Agriculture, forestry,

and fishing 181 15 8 0

Mining 113 (D) 11 0

Construction 878 (D) 397 1

Transportation (D) 2,101 (D) 382

Communication 14,947 1,810 5,810 (D)

Public utilities 25,474 3,123 15,948 0

Europe

Of which:

Nether- Swit- United

Germany lands zerland Kingdom

All Industries 21,162 13,563 5,105 93,558

Petroleum 49 425 27 3,365

Manufacturing 3,790 48 7 5,114

Food and kindred

products 2 29 0 0

Chemicals and allied

products 0 0 7 58

Primary and fabricated

metals 13 0 0 78

Machinery (D) 9 0 4,779

Other manufacturing (D) 10 0 198

Wholesale trade 472 989 1,000 1,558

Retail trade (D) 0 (D) (D)

Finance, except

depository Institutions (D) (D) 730 (D)

Insurance 5,315 (D) (D) 7,591

Real estate (D) (*) (*) (D)

Services 7,850 (D) 2,967 27,223

Hotels and other lodging

places 164 43 (D) 415

Advertising 840 142 126 1,704

Equipment rental and

leasing, except autos

and computers 86 30 (D) 1,214

Computer and data

processing services 3,556 (D) 1,630 8,214

Motion pictures,

including television

tape and film 398 2,337 49 1,268

Engineering,

architectural, and 286 621 (D) 5,426

surveying services

Accounting, research,

management and related

services 1,220 134 752 2,300

Health services 0 0 92 97

Other services 1,299 (D) 251 6,584

Other Industries (D) (D) 167 (D)

Agriculture, forestry,

and fishing 0 0 0 0

Mining 7 0 0 0

Construction 0 3 0 (D)

Transportation 1,319 2,788 149 (D)

Communication 253 234 18 3,647

Public utilities (D) (D) 0 14,426

Other countries

Latin

America Of which:

and Other

Western Total

Hemi- Austra-

sphere lia

All Industries 33,288 59,767 11,042

Petroleum 2,718 2,519 270

Manufacturing 1,267 582 177

Food and kindred

products 51 116 70

Chemicals and allied

products 0 13 0

Primary and fabricated

metals 51 0 0

Machinery (D) 361 46

Other manufacturing (D) 93 61

Wholesale trade 1,162 3,045 396

Retail trade (D) (D) (D)

Finance, except

depository Institutions (D) 6,679 1,015

Insurance 8,472 16,657 (D)

Real estate (D) (D) (D)

Services 7,730 20,513 5,670

Hotels and other lodging

places 609 435 192

Advertising 568 771 187

Equipment rental and

leasing, except autos

and computers 391 59 5

Computer and data

processing services (D) 12,051 2,761

Motion pictures,

including television

tape and film 499 1,163 337

Engineering,

architectural, and 808 2,226 1,167

surveying services

Accounting, research,

management and related

services 422 1,690 373

Health services 48 (*) 0

Other services (D) 2,116 647

Other Industries (D) (D) (D)

Agriculture, forestry,

and fishing (D) (D) (D)

Mining 2 (D) (D)

Construction (D) (D) (D)

Transportation 583 (D) 204

Communication 6,034 1,293 146

Public utilities 1,610 4,794 2,272

Other countries

Of which:

Inter-

Japan national(1)

All Industries 22,834 2,506

Petroleum 201 1,705

Manufacturing 16 …

Food and kindred

products 0 …

Chemicals and allied

products (*) …

Primary and fabricated

metals 0 …

Machinery 13 …

Other manufacturing 3

Wholesale trade 1,140 …

Retail trade 8 …

Finance, except

depository Institutions 3,619 …

Insurance 8,887 …

Real estate 46 …

Services 8,451 …

Hotels and other lodging

places (D) …

Advertising 164 …

Equipment rental and

leasing, except autos

and computers 17 …

Computer and data

processing services 6,551 …

Motion pictures,

including television

tape and film 665 …

Engineering,

architectural, and 43 …

surveying services

Accounting, research,

management and related

services 327 …

Health services 0 …

Other services 681 …

Other Industries 466 801

Agriculture, forestry,

and fishing 0 …

Mining 0 …

Construction 3 …

Transportation 367 801

Communication 96 …

Public utilities 0 …

(*) Less than $500,000.

(D) Suppressed to avoid disclosure of data of individual companies.

(1.) See table 8, footnote 3.

MNC Multinational company

MOFA Majority-owned foreign affiliate

Table 10.1.–Sales of Services to U.S. Persons by Foreign MNC’s Through Their Nonbank MOUSA’s, NAICS-Based Industry of Affiliate by Country of UBO, 1997

[Millions of dollars]

All

countries Canada

All industries 223,080 35,064

Manufacturing 13,427 791

Of which:

Food 1,583 (D)

Chemicals 2,826 4

Primary and fabricated metals 348 4

Machinery 2,034 31

Computers and electronic products 4,394 63

Electrical equipment, appliances,

and components 646 0

Transportation equipment 287 10

Wholesale trade 9,949 109

Of which:

Motor vehicles and motor vehicle

parts and supplies 5,161 47

Professional and commercial

equipment and supplies 1,938 11

Retail trade 471 73

Information 35,823 8,890

Publishing industries 13,286 (D)

Newspaper, periodical, book, and

database publishers 12,714 (D)

Software publishers 572 141

Motion picture and sound recording

industries 10,433 4,068

Motion picture and video

industries 5,307 4,068

Sound recording industries 5,126 0

Broadcasting and telecommunications 9,383 (D)

Broadcasting, cable networks,

and program distribution (D) (D)

Telecommunication (D) (D)

Information services and data

processing services 2,722 8

Information services 2,565 0

Data processing services 157 8

Finance (except depository

institutions) and insurance 73,344 9,875

Finance, except depository

institutions 15,372 1,180

Nondepository credit

intermediation and related

services 2,410 (D)

Securities, commodity contracts,

and other intermediation and

related activities 12,768 826

Funds, trusts, and other

financial vehicles 194 (D)

Insurance carriers and related

activities 57,972 8,695

Insurance carriers, except life

insurance carriers 27,293 751

Life insurance carriers 27,276 (D)

Agencies, brokerages, and other

insurance related activities 3,402 (D)

Real estate end rental and leasing 14,334 2,276

Real estate 12,342 2,157

Rental and leasing (except real

estate) 1,992 120

Professional, scientific, and

technical services 12,356 659

Architectural, engineering, and

related services 3,520 161

Computer systems design and related

services 3,675 344

Management, scientific, and

technical consulting 480 4

Other 4,681 150

Legal services (D) 0

Accounting, tax preparation,

bookkeeping, and payroll

services 0 0

Specialized design services 23 0

Scientific research and

development services 502 117

Advertising and related services 3,973 21

Other professional, scientific,

and technical services (D) 11

Other industries 63,357 12,391

Agriculture, forestry, fishing,

and hunting 107 23

Mining (D) 54

Utilities 12,710 2,898

Construction 2,225 21

Transportation and warehousing 15,217 4,234

Of which:

Air transportation 142 0

Rail transportation 1,168 (D)

Water transportation 2,228 (D)

Truck transportation (D) (D)

Support activities for

transportation 5,261 75

Management of companies and

enterprises 3 0

Administration, support, and waste

management 10,855 (D)

Administrative and support

services (D) 149

Of which:

Employment services 4,758 0

Travel arrangement and

reservation services 1,965 (D)

Waste management and

remediation services (D) (D)

Health care and social assistance 4,723 (D)

Accommodation and food services 11,256 (D)

Accommodation 6,442 46

Food services and drinking places 4,814 (D)

Miscellaneous services (D) 1,353

Educational services 488 2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation 1,753 (D)

Other services (except public

administration and private

households) (D) (D)

Europe

Of which:

Total France

All industries 134,865 16,011

Manufacturing 8,343 338

Of which:

Food (D) 0

Chemicals 2,585 237

Primary and fabricated metals 252 0

Machinery 1,692 0

Computers and electronic products (D) 76

Electrical equipment, appliances,

and components 646 0

Transportation equipment 252 15

Wholesale trade 4,568 698

Of which:

Motor vehicles and motor vehicle

parts and supplies (D) 0

Professional and commercial

equipment and supplies 594 0

Retail trade 227 7

Information 17,090 666

Publishing industries 6,982 (D)

Newspaper, periodical, book, and

database publishers 6,772 (D)

Software publishers 210 3

Motion picture and sound recording

industries 6,162 (D)

Motion picture and video

industries 1,038 (D)

Sound recording industries 5,124 0

Broadcasting and telecommunications 1,371 (D)

Broadcasting, cable networks,

and program distribution 0 0

Telecommunication 1,371 (D)

Information services and data

processing services 2,576 8

Information services 2,496 0

Data processing services 80 8

Finance (except depository

institutions) and insurance 57,376 7,365

Finance, except depository

institutions 9,094 862

Nondepository credit

intermediation and related

services (D) 21

Securities, commodity contracts,

and other intermediation and

related activities 8,700 841

Funds, trusts, and other

financial vehicles (D) 0

Insurance carriers and related

activities 48,282 6,503

Insurance carriers, except life

insurance carriers 25,602 1,221

Life insurance carriers 19,342 (D)

Agencies, brokerages, and other

insurance related activities 3,338 (D)

Real estate end rental and leasing 5,530 735

Real estate 3,910 273

Rental and leasing (except real

estate) 1,620 463

Professional, scientific, and

technical services 9,651 2,688

Architectural, engineering, and

related services 2,958 324

Computer systems design and related

services 2,267 711

Management, scientific, and

technical consulting 268 185

Other 4,158 1,469

Legal services (D) 0

Accounting, tax preparation,

bookkeeping, and payroll

services 0 0

Specialized design services (D) 0

Scientific research and

development services 169 3

Advertising and related services 3,850 (D)

Other professional, scientific,

and technical services (D) (D)

Other industries 32,080 3,515

Agriculture, forestry, fishing,

and hunting 62 (*)

Mining 74 58

Utilities (D) 1,111

Construction 1,609 153

Transportation and warehousing 6,307 73

Of which:

Air transportation 35 8

Rail transportation (D) 0

Water transportation 568 2

Truck transportation (D) 0

Support activities for

transportation 2,829 (D)

Management of companies and

enterprises 0 0

Administration, support, and waste

management 6,259 361

Administrative and support

services (D) 361

Of which:

Employment services 4,716 3

Travel arrangement and

reservation services 895 (D)

Waste management and

remediation services (D) 0

Health care and social assistance 3,291 2

Accommodation and food services 4,271 1,737

Accommodation 1,356 (D)

Food services and drinking places 2,915 (D)

Miscellaneous services (D) 19

Educational services 216 (D)

Arts, entertainment, and recreation 670 6

Other services (except public

administration and private

households) (D) (D)

Europe

Of which:

Nether-

Germany lands

All industries 22,171 15,411

Manufacturing 1,086 407

Of which:

Food 0 2

Chemicals 57 19

Primary and fabricated metals 16 0

Machinery 367 18

Computers and electronic products 7 (D)

Electrical equipment, appliances,

and components (D) 0

Transportation equipment 125 0

Wholesale trade 2,403 395

Of which:

Motor vehicles and motor vehicle

parts and supplies (D) 0

Professional and commercial

equipment and supplies 39 203

Retail trade 0 57

Information 2,540 2,432

Publishing industries 471 (D)

Newspaper, periodical, book, and

database publishers 471 (D)

Software publishers 0 (D)

Motion picture and sound recording

industries (D) (D)

Motion picture and video

industries 1 (*)

Sound recording industries (D) (D)

Broadcasting and telecommunications (D) 9

Broadcasting, cable networks,

and program distribution 0 0

Telecommunication (D) 9

Information services and data

processing services 1 (D)

Information services 1 (D)

Data processing services 0 0

Finance (except depository

institutions) and insurance 9,223 8,486

Finance, except depository

institutions 1,207 1,005

Nondepository credit

intermediation and related

services (D) (D)

Securities, commodity contracts,

and other intermediation and

related activities 1,103 970

Funds, trusts, and other

financial vehicles (D) (D)

Insurance carriers and related

activities 8,016 7,481

Insurance carriers, except life

insurance carriers (D) (D)

Life insurance carriers (D) (D)

Agencies, brokerages, and other

insurance related activities 0 1

Real estate end rental and leasing 1,161 1,085

Real estate 1,067 1,085

Rental and leasing (except real

estate) 94 0

Professional, scientific, and

technical services 1,571 413

Architectural, engineering, and

related services (D) 323

Computer systems design and related

services (D) 23

Management, scientific, and

technical consulting 22 0

Other 1 0

Legal services 0 0

Accounting, tax preparation,

bookkeeping, and payroll

services 0 0

Specialized design services 0 0

Scientific research and

development services 1 67

Advertising and related services 0 (*)

Other professional, scientific,

and technical services (*) 0

Other industries 4,187 2,138

Agriculture, forestry, fishing,

and hunting 15 7

Mining 0 2

Utilities (*) (D)

Construction (D) 0

Transportation and warehousing 472 1,070

Of which:

Air transportation (*) 0

Rail transportation 1 0

Water transportation 2 (*)

Truck transportation 0 0

Support activities for

transportation 364 (D)

Management of companies and

enterprises 0 0

Administration, support, and waste

management 180 (D)

Administrative and support

services 180 (D)

Of which:

Employment services (D) (D)

Travel arrangement and

reservation services (D) (D)

Waste management and

remediation services 0 0

Health care and social assistance (D) 1

Accommodation and food services 95 (D)

Accommodation (D) 26

Food services and drinking places (D) (D)

Miscellaneous services 26 (D)

Educational services (D) 0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation 3 (D)

Other services (except public

administration and private

households) (D) 0

Europe

Of which:

Switzer- United

land Kingdom

All industries 19,940 55,035

Manufacturing 1,421 4,566

Of which:

Food 0 (D)

Chemicals (D) (D)

Primary and fabricated metals 0 218

Machinery (D) 36

Computers and electronic products 63 (D)

Electrical equipment, appliances,

and components 33 198

Transportation equipment 0 112

Wholesale trade 208 706

Of which:

Motor vehicles and motor vehicle

parts and supplies 0 43

Professional and commercial

equipment and supplies 0 (D)

Retail trade 1 78

Information (D) 11,238

Publishing industries (D) 4,483

Newspaper, periodical, book, and

database publishers (D) 4,302

Software publishers 0 181

Motion picture and sound recording

industries 0 (D)

Motion picture and video

industries 0 (D)

Sound recording industries 0 (D)

Broadcasting and telecommunications 1 (D)

Broadcasting, cable networks,

and program distribution 0 0

Telecommunication 1 (D)

Information services and data

processing services (*) 2,505

Information services (*) 2,453

Data processing services 0 52

Finance (except depository

institutions) and insurance 12,630 17,638

Finance, except depository

institutions 2,980 2,472

Nondepository credit

intermediation and related

services 8 (D)

Securities, commodity contracts,

and other intermediation and

related activities (D) (D)

Funds, trusts, and other

financial vehicles (D) 0

Insurance carriers and related

activities 9,650 15,166

Insurance carriers, except life

insurance carriers (D) 6,192

Life insurance carriers 0 (D)

Agencies, brokerages, and other

insurance related activities (D) (D)

Real estate end rental and leasing 187 1,746

Real estate 186 839

Rental and leasing (except real

estate) (*) 908

Professional, scientific, and

technical services 108 3,222

Architectural, engineering, and

related services 0 511

Computer systems design and related

services 1 151

Management, scientific, and

technical consulting 0 59

Other 107 2,502

Legal services 0 (D)

Accounting, tax preparation,

bookkeeping, and payroll

services 0 0

Specialized design services 14 0

Scientific research and

development services (D) 23

Advertising and related services 5 2,430

Other professional, scientific,

and technical services (D) (D)

Other industries (D) 15,840

Agriculture, forestry, fishing,

and hunting 14 25

Mining (*) 6

Utilities 0 (D)

Construction 0 (D)

Transportation and warehousing 531 3,030

Of which:

Air transportation (*) 9

Rail transportation 0 (D)

Water transportation (D) (D)

Truck transportation 0 (D)

Support activities for

transportation 114 1,095

Management of companies and

enterprises 0 0

Administration, support, and waste

management (D) 1,445

Administrative and support

services (D) (D)

Of which:

Employment services (D) (D)

Travel arrangement and

reservation services 1 130

Waste management and

remediation services 0 (D)

Health care and social assistance 0 0

Accommodation and food services (D) 1,867

Accommodation (D) (D)

Food services and drinking places (*) (D)

Miscellaneous services (D) 969

Educational services (D) 3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation 2 613

Other services (except public

administration and private

households) 6 352

Latin Other

America countries

and Other

Western

Hemi-

sphere Total

All industries 6,877 44,304

Manufacturing 172 4,102

Of which:

Food 1 224

Chemicals 62 174

Primary and fabricated metals 71 21

Machinery 0 311

Computers and electronic products 0 (D)

Electrical equipment, appliances,

and components 0 0

Transportation equipment 10 15

Wholesale trade 149 5,122

Of which:

Motor vehicles and motor vehicle

parts and supplies 0 (D)

Professional and commercial

equipment and supplies 0 1,333

Retail trade 46 125

Information 275 (D)

Publishing industries (D) (D)

Newspaper, periodical, book, and

database publishers (D) (D)

Software publishers (D) 63

Motion picture and sound recording

industries (D) (D)

Motion picture and video

industries (D) (D)

Sound recording industries 0 3

Broadcasting and telecommunications 78 (D)

Broadcasting, cable networks,

and program distribution (D) (D)

Telecommunication (D) (D)

Information services and data

processing services (*) 138

Information services (*) 68

Data processing services 0 70

Finance (except depository

institutions) and insurance 358 5,442

Finance, except depository

institutions 181 (D)

Nondepository credit

intermediation and related

services 7 1,830

Securities, commodity contracts,

and other intermediation and

related activities 174 (D)

Funds, trusts, and other

financial vehicles (*) 19

Insurance carriers and related

activities 177 (D)

Insurance carriers, except life

insurance carriers 177 (D)

Life insurance carriers 0 (D)

Agencies, brokerages, and other

insurance related activities (*) (D)

Real estate end rental and leasing 734 (D)

Real estate 722 (D)

Rental and leasing (except real

estate) 13 238

Professional, scientific, and

technical services 83 1,797

Architectural, engineering, and

related services 3 398

Computer systems design and related

services (D) 1,014

Management, scientific, and

technical consulting 59 (D)

Other (D) (D)

Legal services 0 0

Accounting, tax preparation,

bookkeeping, and payroll

services 0 0

Specialized design services 0 (D)

Scientific research and

development services (*) 214

Advertising and related services 0 102

Other professional, scientific,

and technical services (D) (D)

Other industries 5,060 (D)

Agriculture, forestry, fishing,

and hunting 7 15

Mining (D) 256

Utilities (D) 80

Construction 53 542

Transportation and warehousing 489 4,185

Of which:

Air transportation 2 104

Rail transportation 35 1

Water transportation 129 (D)

Truck transportation 0 0

Support activities for

transportation (D) (D)

Management of companies and

enterprises 3 (*)

Administration, support, and waste

management 2,114 953

Administrative and support

services 2,114 (D)

Of which:

Employment services 0 43

Travel arrangement and

reservation services (D) 551

Waste management and

remediation services 0 (D)

Health care and social assistance (D) 1

Accommodation and food services 422 (D)

Accommodation (D) (D)

Food services and drinking places (D) (D)

Miscellaneous services 59 1,379

Educational services 4 266

Arts, entertainment, and recreation 54 (D)

Other services (except public

administration and private

households) 2 (D)

Other countries

Of which:

Australia Japan

All industries 8,854 28,383

Manufacturing 44 3,683

Of which:

Food 0 211

Chemicals 0 48

Primary and fabricated metals 0 21

Machinery 0 150

Computers and electronic products 0 (D)

Electrical equipment, appliances,

and components 0 0

Transportation equipment 0 15

Wholesale trade 4 4,875

Of which:

Motor vehicles and motor vehicle

parts and supplies 0 (D)

Professional and commercial

equipment and supplies 0 1,234

Retail trade 0 74

Information (D) 1,396

Publishing industries (D) (D)

Newspaper, periodical, book, and

database publishers (D) (D)

Software publishers 3 22

Motion picture and sound recording

industries 0 51

Motion picture and video

industries 0 (D)

Sound recording industries 0 (D)

Broadcasting and telecommunications (D) (D)

Broadcasting, cable networks,

and program distribution (D) (D)

Telecommunication 2 (*)

Information services and data

processing services 3 (D)

Information services 3 65

Data processing services 0 (D)

Finance (except depository

institutions) and insurance 111 5,265

Finance, except depository

institutions (D) 4,643

Nondepository credit

intermediation and related

services (D) 1,798

Securities, commodity contracts,

and other intermediation and

related activities 9 2,842

Funds, trusts, and other

financial vehicles (D) 2

Insurance carriers and related

activities (D) 622

Insurance carriers, except life

insurance carriers (D) 568

Life insurance carriers 0 (D)

Agencies, brokerages, and other

insurance related activities 0 (D)

Real estate end rental and leasing 387 3,486

Real estate (D) 3,394

Rental and leasing (except real

estate) (D) 92

Professional, scientific, and

technical services (D) 1,376

Architectural, engineering, and

related services 0 203

Computer systems design and related

services (D) 857

Management, scientific, and

technical consulting 0 (D)

Other (*) (D)

Legal services 0 0

Accounting, tax preparation,

bookkeeping, and payroll

services 0 0

Specialized design services 0 (D)

Scientific research and

development services (*) 201

Advertising and related services 0 (D)

Other professional, scientific,

and technical services (*) 26

Other industries (D) 8,226

Agriculture, forestry, fishing,

and hunting 7 5

Mining 227 (*)

Utilities 0 70

Construction 0 498

Transportation and warehousing 7 2,512

Of which:

Air transportation 0 (D)

Rail transportation 0 (*)

Water transportation 0 99

Truck transportation 0 0

Support activities for

transportation 1 1,941

Management of companies and

enterprises 0 (*)

Administration, support, and waste

management (D) 715

Administrative and support

services 0 710

Of which:

Employment services 0 43

Travel arrangement and

reservation services 0 550

Waste management and

remediation services (D) 5

Health care and social assistance 0 (*)

Accommodation and food services (D) 3,341

Accommodation (D) 2,929

Food services and drinking places (*) 412

Miscellaneous services (D) 1,085

Educational services 0 260

Arts, entertainment, and recreation (D) 602

Other services (except public

administration and private

households) 9 222

United

States

All industries 1,950

Manufacturing 19

Of which:

Food 0

Chemicals 0

Primary and fabricated metals 0

Machinery 0

Computers and electronic products 0

Electrical equipment, appliances,

and components 0

Transportation equipment 0

Wholesale trade 0

Of which: 0

Motor vehicles and motor vehicle

parts and supplies 0

Professional and commercial

equipment and supplies 0

Retail trade 0

Information (D)

Publishing industries (D)

Newspaper, periodical, book, and

database publishers 0

Software publishers (D)

Motion picture and sound recording

industries (*)

Motion picture and video

industries (*)

Sound recording industries 0

Broadcasting and telecommunications (D)

Broadcasting, cable networks,

and program distribution 0

Telecommunication (D)

Information services and data

processing services 0

Information services 0

Data processing services 0

Finance (except depository

institutions) and insurance 293

Finance, except depository

institutions (D)

Nondepository credit

intermediation and related

services 0

Securities, commodity contracts,

and other intermediation and

related activities (D)

Funds, trusts, and other

financial vehicles 0

Insurance carriers and related

activities (D)

Insurance carriers, except life

insurance carriers (D)

Life insurance carriers 0

Agencies, brokerages, and other

insurance related activities 0

Real estate end rental and leasing (D)

Real estate (D)

Rental and leasing (except real

estate) 1

Professional, scientific, and

technical services 166

Architectural, engineering, and

related services 0

Computer systems design and related

services (D)

Management, scientific, and

technical consulting (D)

Other 2

Legal services 0

Accounting, tax preparation,

bookkeeping, and payroll

services 0

Specialized design services 0

Scientific research and

development services 2

Advertising and related services 0

Other professional, scientific,

and technical services 0

Other industries (D)

Agriculture, forestry, fishing,

and hunting 0

Mining 0

Utilities (D)

Construction 0

Transportation and warehousing 2

Of which:

Air transportation 0

Rail transportation 0

Water transportation 2

Truck transportation 0

Support activities for

transportation 0

Management of companies and

enterprises 0

Administration, support, and waste

management (D)

Administrative and support

services (D)

Of which:

Employment services 0

Travel arrangement and

reservation services (D)

Waste management and

remediation services 0

Health care and social assistance 0

Accommodation and food services 3

Accommodation (*)

Food services and drinking places 3

Miscellaneous services (*)

Educational services 0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation (*)

Other services (except public

administration and private

households) 0

(*) Less than $500,000.

(D) Suppressed to avoid disclosure of data of individual companies.

MNC Multinational company

MOUSA Majority-owned U.S. affiliate

UBO Ultimate beneficial owner

Table 10.1.–Sales of Services to U.S. Persons by Foreign MNC’s Through Their Nonbank MOUSA’s, NAICS-Based Industry of Affiliate by Country of UBO, 1998

[Millions of dollars]

All

countries Canada

All industries 255,081 43,367

Manufacturing 25,383 425

Of which:

Food 955 2

Chemicals 2,777 24

Primary and fabricated metals 398 4

Machinery 925 16

Computers and electronic products 5,177 54

Electrical equipment, appliances,

and components (D) 0

Transportation equipment 4,021 25

Wholesale trade 11,640 (D)

Of which:

Motor vehicles and motor vehicle

parts and supplies 4,468 163

Professional and commercial

equipment and supplies 2,209 6

Retail trade 410 16

Information 42,771 11,004

Publishing industries 16,440 (D)

Newspaper, periodical, book, and

database publishers 15,411 (D)

Software publishers 1,029 185

Motion picture and sound recording

industries 9,168 (D)

Motion picture and video

industries 4,424 (D)

Sound recording industries 4,744 0

Broadcasting and telecommunications 14,164 3,027

Broadcasting, cable networks,

and program distribution (D) (D)

Telecommunication (D) (D)

Information services and data

processing services 2,999 27

Information services 2,827 (D)

Data processing services 173 (D)

Finance (except depository

institutions) and insurance 78,059 13,271

Finance, except depository

institutions 15,165 3,026

Nondepository credit

intermediation and related

services 1,900 (D)

Securities, commodity contracts,

and other intermediation and

related activities 13,084 1,839

Funds, trusts, and other

financial vehicles 181 (D)

Insurance carriers and related

activities 62,894 10,246

Insurance carriers, except life

insurance carriers 26,135 (D)

Life insurance carriers 32,821 (D)

Agencies, brokerages, and other

insurance related activities 3,938 65

Real estate end rental and leasing 14,675 2,532

Real estate 12,559 2,382

Rental and leasing (except real

estate) 2,116 150

Professional, scientific, and

technical services 14,511 750

Architectural, engineering, and

related services 3,914 157

Computer systems design and related

services 5,075 393

Management, scientific, and

technical consulting 451 5

Other 5,072 195

Legal services 12 0

Accounting, tax preparation,

bookkeeping, and payroll

services (D) 0

Specialized design services 59 0

Scientific research and

development services 463 116

Advertising and related services 4,328 67

Other professional, scientific,

and technical services (D) 13

Other industries 67,632 (D)

Agriculture, forestry, fishing,

and hunting 99 23

Mining 2,421 65

Utilities 13,191 2,180

Construction 2,360 33

Transportation and warehousing 15,821 5,033

Of which:

Air transportation 119 0

Rail transportation 1,888 1,773

Water transportation 2,076 (D)

Truck transportation 2,327 (D)

Support activities for

transportation 4,908 83

Management of companies and

enterprises (D) 0

Administration, support, and waste

management 12,948 (D)

Administrative and support

services 10,368 164

Of which:

Employment services 6,488 0

Travel arrangement and

reservation services 2,141 14

Waste management and

remediation services 2,580 (D)

Health care and social assistance 5,871 (D)

Accommodation and food services 10,942 (D)

Accommodation 6,527 174

Food services and drinking places 4,414 (D)

Miscellaneous services (D) 1,397

Educational services 572 2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation 1,398 (D)

Other services (except public

administration and private

households) (D) (D)

Europe

Of which:

Total France

All industries 158,269 19,247

Manufacturing 18,504 279

Of which:

Food (D) 0

Chemicals 2,492 89

Primary and fabricated metals 257 0

Machinery 639 0

Computers and electronic products (D) 161

Electrical equipment, appliances,

and components (D) 0

Transportation equipment 3,978 16

Wholesale trade 4,145 470

Of which:

Motor vehicles and motor vehicle

parts and supplies (D) 0

Professional and commercial

equipment and supplies 694 0

Retail trade 216 4

Information 20,045 729

Publishing industries 9,692 (D)

Newspaper, periodical, book, and

database publishers 9,092 (D)

Software publishers 601 (D)

Motion picture and sound recording

industries 5,839 25

Motion picture and video

industries 1,098 25

Sound recording industries 4,741 0

Broadcasting and telecommunications 1,691 (D)

Broadcasting, cable networks,

and program distribution (*) 0

Telecommunication 1,691 (D)

Information services and data

processing services 2,823 9

Information services 2,735 0

Data processing services 88 9

Finance (except depository

institutions) and insurance 61,024 9,851

Finance, except depository

institutions 9,363 1,421

Nondepository credit

intermediation and related

services (D) 32

Securities, commodity contracts,

and other intermediation and

related activities 9,009 1,389

Funds, trusts, and other

financial vehicles (D) 0

Insurance carriers and related

activities 51,661 8,431

Insurance carriers, except life

insurance carriers 23,578 (D)

Life insurance carriers 24,218 (D)

Agencies, brokerages, and other

insurance related activities 3,865 7

Real estate end rental and leasing 5,353 676

Real estate 3,752 198

Rental and leasing (except real

estate) 1,601 478

Professional, scientific, and

technical services 11,672 4,013

Architectural, engineering, and

related services 3,372 363

Computer systems design and related

services 3,527 1,346

Management, scientific, and

technical consulting 240 139

Other 4,533 2,164

Legal services 12 0

Accounting, tax preparation,

bookkeeping, and payroll

services (D) 0

Specialized design services 50 0

Scientific research and

development services 176 3

Advertising and related services 4,148 (D)

Other professional, scientific,

and technical services (D) (D)

Other industries 37,309 3,225

Agriculture, forestry, fishing,

and hunting 56 (*)

Mining 137 59

Utilities 10,424 1,228

Construction 1,814 2

Transportation and warehousing 7,349 74

Of which:

Air transportation 36 8

Rail transportation 67 0

Water transportation (D) 2

Truck transportation (D) 0

Support activities for

transportation 3,031 15

Management of companies and

enterprises (D) (*)

Administration, support, and waste

management 8,806 929

Administrative and support

services 8,188 (D)

Of which:

Employment services 6,441 3

Travel arrangement and

reservation services 1,088 (D)

Waste management and

remediation services 618 (D)

Health care and social assistance 3,827 3

Accommodation and food services 3,610 897

Accommodation (D) (D)

Food services and drinking places (D) (D)

Miscellaneous services (D) 35

Educational services 319 12

Arts, entertainment, and recreation 387 6

Other services (except public

administration and private

households) (D) 16

Europe

Of which:

Nether-

Germany lands

All industries 27,648 24,445

Manufacturing 5,131 (D)

Of which:

Food 0 2

Chemicals 76 4

Primary and fabricated metals 17 0

Machinery 204 15

Computers and electronic products 8 (D)

Electrical equipment, appliances,

and components (D) 0

Transportation equipment (D) 0

Wholesale trade (D) 484

Of which:

Motor vehicles and motor vehicle

parts and supplies (D) 0

Professional and commercial

equipment and supplies 14 (D)

Retail trade 0 67

Information 2,800 3,109

Publishing industries (D) (D)

Newspaper, periodical, book, and

database publishers (D) (D)

Software publishers 0 20

Motion picture and sound recording

industries 2,247 (D)

Motion picture and video

industries 1 (*)

Sound recording industries 2,246 (D)

Broadcasting and telecommunications (D) 10

Broadcasting, cable networks,

and program distribution 0 (*)

Telecommunication (D) 10

Information services and data

processing services 1 40

Information services 1 40

Data processing services 0 0

Finance (except depository

institutions) and insurance 10,049 9,081

Finance, except depository

institutions 1,336 1,264

Nondepository credit

intermediation and related

services (D) (D)

Securities, commodity contracts,

and other intermediation and

related activities (D) 1,216

Funds, trusts, and other

financial vehicles (*) (D)

Insurance carriers and related

activities 8,714 7,817

Insurance carriers, except life

insurance carriers (D) 0

Life insurance carriers (D) (D)

Agencies, brokerages, and other

insurance related activities 0 (D)

Real estate end rental and leasing 1,393 1,024

Real estate 1,266 (D)

Rental and leasing (except real

estate) 127 (D)

Professional, scientific, and

technical services 1,202 501

Architectural, engineering, and

related services (D) 345

Computer systems design and related

services (D) 25

Management, scientific, and

technical consulting 22 0

Other 2 131

Legal services 0 0

Accounting, tax preparation,

bookkeeping, and payroll

services 0 0

Specialized design services 0 0

Scientific research and

development services 2 (D)

Advertising and related services 0 (D)

Other professional, scientific,

and technical services (*) 0

Other industries (D) (D)

Agriculture, forestry, fishing,

and hunting 16 7

Mining 20 2

Utilities 1 (D)

Construction 683 0

Transportation and warehousing 546 1,063

Of which:

Air transportation (*) 0

Rail transportation 1 0

Water transportation 2 (*)

Truck transportation 0 0

Support activities for

transportation 440 852

Management of companies and

enterprises 0 0

Administration, support, and waste

management 310 1,698

Administrative and support

services 310 1,698

Of which:

Employment services 24 (D)

Travel arrangement and

reservation services (D) (D)

Waste management and

remediation services 0 0

Health care and social assistance (D) 1

Accommodation and food services 79 (D)

Accommodation 60 29

Food services and drinking places 19 (D)

Miscellaneous services 29 42

Educational services 18 0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation 3 36

Other services (except public

administration and private

households) 8 6

Europe

Of which:

Switzer- United

land Kingdom

All industries 20,818 58,528

Manufacturing 940 5,098

Of which:

Food 0 (D)

Chemicals 546 (D)

Primary and fabricated metals 0 225

Machinery (D) 76

Computers and electronic products 74 704

Electrical equipment, appliances,

and components 37 220

Transportation equipment 0 101

Wholesale trade 159 854

Of which:

Motor vehicles and motor vehicle

parts and supplies 0 44

Professional and commercial

equipment and supplies 0 357

Retail trade 3 79

Information 61 13,105

Publishing industries 59 6,553

Newspaper, periodical, book, and

database publishers 59 6,090

Software publishers 0 463

Motion picture and sound recording

industries 0 (D)

Motion picture and video

industries 0 (D)

Sound recording industries 0 (D)

Broadcasting and telecommunications 1 1,461

Broadcasting, cable networks,

and program distribution 0 0

Telecommunication 1 1,461

Information services and data

processing services (*) (D)

Information services (*) (D)

Data processing services 0 57

Finance (except depository

institutions) and insurance 14,929 15,857

Finance, except depository

institutions 2,333 2,759

Nondepository credit

intermediation and related

services (D) 31

Securities, commodity contracts,

and other intermediation and

related activities 2,223 2,728

Funds, trusts, and other

financial vehicles (D) (*)

Insurance carriers and related

activities 12,596 13,098

Insurance carriers, except life

insurance carriers 7,216 6,286

Life insurance carriers (D) (D)

Agencies, brokerages, and other

insurance related activities (D) (D)

Real estate end rental and leasing 198 1,481

Real estate 198 741

Rental and leasing (except real

estate) (*) 741

Professional, scientific, and

technical services 130 3,019

Architectural, engineering, and

related services 0 668

Computer systems design and related

services 1 182

Management, scientific, and

technical consulting (D) 65

Other (D) 2,105

Legal services 0 12

Accounting, tax preparation,

bookkeeping, and payroll

services (D) 0

Specialized design services 16 (D)

Scientific research and

development services (D) 25

Advertising and related services 5 1,987

Other professional, scientific,

and technical services 14 (D)

Other industries 4,398 19,035

Agriculture, forestry, fishing,

and hunting 6 25

Mining (*) 6

Utilities 0 (D)

Construction 0 (D)

Transportation and warehousing 529 3,719

Of which:

Air transportation (*) 9

Rail transportation 0 63

Water transportation (D) 915

Truck transportation 0 (D)

Support activities for

transportation 118 1,117

Management of companies and

enterprises (D) 0

Administration, support, and waste

management 3,633 2,115

Administrative and support

services 3,633 (D)

Of which:

Employment services 3,625 1,392

Travel arrangement and

reservation services 1 181

Waste management and

remediation services 0 (D)

Health care and social assistance 0 0

Accommodation and food services 83 (D)

Accommodation 83 209

Food services and drinking places (*) (D)

Miscellaneous services (D) 891

Educational services 0 (D)

Arts, entertainment, and recreation 2 327

Other services (except public

administration and private

households) (D) (D)

Latin Other

America countries

and Other

Western

Hemi-

sphere Total

All industries 7,917 43,758

Manufacturing (D) (D)

Of which:

Food 2 (D)

Chemicals 0 261

Primary and fabricated metals 127 11

Machinery 0 270

Computers and electronic products 1 (D)

Electrical equipment, appliances,

and components 0 0

Transportation equipment 0 17

Wholesale trade 88 (D)

Of which:

Motor vehicles and motor vehicle

parts and supplies 0 (D)

Professional and commercial

equipment and supplies 0 1,509

Retail trade 72 106

Information 256 10,887

Publishing industries (D) (D)

Newspaper, periodical, book, and

database publishers (*) (D)

Software publishers (D) 70

Motion picture and sound recording

industries (D) 62

Motion picture and video

industries (D) 59

Sound recording industries 0 3

Broadcasting and telecommunications (D) (D)

Broadcasting, cable networks,

and program distribution (D) (D)

Telecommunication (D) (D)

Information services and data

processing services 1 148

Information services 1 (D)

Data processing services 0 (D)

Finance (except depository

institutions) and insurance 400 (D)

Finance, except depository

institutions 139 (D)

Nondepository credit

intermediation and related

services 8 507

Securities, commodity contracts,

and other intermediation and

related activities 123 (D)

Funds, trusts, and other

financial vehicles 8 17

Insurance carriers and related

activities 261 (D)

Insurance carriers, except life

insurance carriers 258 (D)

Life insurance carriers 0 (D)

Agencies, brokerages, and other

insurance related activities 3 5

Real estate end rental and leasing 748 5,952

Real estate 734 5,602

Rental and leasing (except real

estate) 14 350

Professional, scientific, and

technical services 113 1,799

Architectural, engineering, and

related services 3 381

Computer systems design and related

services (D) 1,083

Management, scientific, and

technical consulting (D) 5

Other 14 330

Legal services 0 0

Accounting, tax preparation,

bookkeeping, and payroll

services 0 0

Specialized design services 0 9

Scientific research and

development services (*) 170

Advertising and related services 0 113

Other professional, scientific,

and technical services 13 38

Other industries (D) (D)

Agriculture, forestry, fishing,

and hunting 8 11

Mining (D) (D)

Utilities 73 (D)

Construction 74 439

Transportation and warehousing 480 2,958

Of which:

Air transportation 3 79

Rail transportation 47 1

Water transportation 305 659

Truck transportation 0 0

Support activities for

transportation (D) (D)

Management of companies and

enterprises 3 0

Administration, support, and waste

management (D) 971

Administrative and support

services (D) (D)

Of which:

Employment services 0 47

Travel arrangement and

reservation services (D) 528

Waste management and

remediation services 0 (D)

Health care and social assistance (D) 1

Accommodation and food services 448 (D)

Accommodation 331 (D)

Food services and drinking places 118 (D)

Miscellaneous services 31 1,262

Educational services 4 247

Arts, entertainment, and recreation 22 (D)

Other services (except public

administration and private

households) 5 (D)

Other countries

Of which:

Australia Japan

All industries 10,505 26,412

Manufacturing 44 4,399

Of which:

Food 0 207

Chemicals 0 62

Primary and fabricated metals 0 11

Machinery 0 196

Computers and electronic products 0 (D)

Electrical equipment, appliances,

and components 0 0

Transportation equipment 0 17

Wholesale trade 9 5,224

Of which:

Motor vehicles and motor vehicle

parts and supplies 0 (D)

Professional and commercial

equipment and supplies 0 1,411

Retail trade 0 97

Information (D) 1,396

Publishing industries (D) 1,154

Newspaper, periodical, book, and

database publishers (D) 1,129

Software publishers 4 24

Motion picture and sound recording

industries 0 42

Motion picture and video

industries 0 39

Sound recording industries 0 3

Broadcasting and telecommunications (D) 56

Broadcasting, cable networks,

and program distribution (D) (D)

Telecommunication 2 (D)

Information services and data

processing services 4 144

Information services 4 68

Data processing services 0 76

Finance (except depository

institutions) and insurance 232 2,763

Finance, except depository

institutions (D) 2,201

Nondepository credit

intermediation and related

services (D) 351

Securities, commodity contracts,

and other intermediation and

related activities 10 1,848

Funds, trusts, and other

financial vehicles (D) 2

Insurance carriers and related

activities (D) 562

Insurance carriers, except life

insurance carriers (D) 502

Life insurance carriers (*) (D)

Agencies, brokerages, and other

insurance related activities 0 (D)

Real estate end rental and leasing 313 3,618

Real estate 309 3,320

Rental and leasing (except real

estate) 4 297

Professional, scientific, and

technical services 25 1,388

Architectural, engineering, and

related services 0 239

Computer systems design and related

services 25 894

Management, scientific, and

technical consulting 0 4

Other (*) 250

Legal services 0 0

Accounting, tax preparation,

bookkeeping, and payroll

services 0 0

Specialized design services 0 9

Scientific research and

development services (*) 155

Advertising and related services (*) 58

Other professional, scientific,

and technical services (*) 28

Other industries (D) 7,528

Agriculture, forestry, fishing,

and hunting 7 1

Mining 172 (*)

Utilities 0 86

Construction 0 391

Transportation and warehousing 7 2,084

Of which:

Air transportation 0 49

Rail transportation 0 (*)

Water transportation 0 91

Truck transportation 0 0

Support activities for

transportation 1 1,575

Management of companies and

enterprises 0 0

Administration, support, and waste

management 256 709

Administrative and support

services 0 704

Of which:

Employment services 0 47

Travel arrangement and

reservation services 0 527

Waste management and

remediation services 256 5

Health care and social assistance 0 (*)

Accommodation and food services (D) 3,326

Accommodation (D) 2,888

Food services and drinking places (*) 437

Miscellaneous services (D) 931

Educational services 0 240

Arts, entertainment, and recreation (D) 498

Other services (except public

administration and private

households) 10 193

United

States

All industries 1,769

Manufacturing 20

Of which:

Food 0

Chemicals 0

Primary and fabricated metals 0

Machinery 0

Computers and electronic products 0

Electrical equipment, appliances,

and components 0

Transportation equipment 0

Wholesale trade 0

Of which: 0

Motor vehicles and motor vehicle

parts and supplies 0

Professional and commercial

equipment and supplies 0

Retail trade 0

Information 579

Publishing industries (D)

Newspaper, periodical, book, and

database publishers 0

Software publishers (D)

Motion picture and sound recording

industries (*)

Motion picture and video

industries (*)

Sound recording industries 0

Broadcasting and telecommunications (D)

Broadcasting, cable networks,

and program distribution 0

Telecommunication (D)

Information services and data

processing services 0

Information services 0

Data processing services 0

Finance (except depository

institutions) and insurance (D)

Finance, except depository

institutions (D)

Nondepository credit

intermediation and related

services 0

Securities, commodity contracts,

and other intermediation and

related activities (D)

Funds, trusts, and other

financial vehicles 0

Insurance carriers and related

activities (D)

Insurance carriers, except life

insurance carriers (D)

Life insurance carriers 0

Agencies, brokerages, and other

insurance related activities 0

Real estate end rental and leasing 91

Real estate 89

Rental and leasing (except real

estate) 1

Professional, scientific, and

technical services 177

Architectural, engineering, and

related services 0

Computer systems design and related

services (D)

Management, scientific, and

technical consulting (D)

Other 1

Legal services 0

Accounting, tax preparation,

bookkeeping, and payroll

services 0

Specialized design services 0

Scientific research and

development services 1

Advertising and related services 0

Other professional, scientific,

and technical services 0

Other industries (D)

Agriculture, forestry, fishing,

and hunting 0

Mining 0

Utilities (D)

Construction 0

Transportation and warehousing 2

Of which:

Air transportation 0

Rail transportation 0

Water transportation 2

Truck transportation 0

Support activities for

transportation 0

Management of companies and

enterprises 0

Administration, support, and waste

management (D)

Administrative and support

services (D)

Of which:

Employment services 0

Travel arrangement and

reservation services (D)

Waste management and

remediation services 0

Health care and social assistance 0

Accommodation and food services 4

Accommodation (*)

Food services and drinking places 3

Miscellaneous services (*)

Educational services 0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation (*)

Other services (except public

administration and private

households) 0

(*) Less than $500,000.

(D) Suppressed to avoid disclosure of data of individual companies.

MNC Multinational company

MOUSA Majority-owned U.S. affiliate

UBO Ultimate beneficial owner

Schedule of BEA News Releases in 2001

January U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

November 2000(*)

State Personal Income, 3rd quarter 2000

Gross Domestic Product, 4th quarter 2000 (advance)

February Personal Income and Outlays, December 2000

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

December 2000(*)

Gross Domestic Product, 4th quarter 2000 (preliminary)

March Personal Income and Outlays, January 2001

U.S. International Transactions, 4th quarter 2000

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

January 2001(*)

Gross Domestic Product, 4th quarter 2000 (final) and

Corporate Profits, 4th quarter 2000

Personal Income and Outlays, February 2001

April U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

February 2001(*)

State Personal Income, 4th quarter 2000 and

Per Capita Personal Income, 2000 (preliminary)

Gross Domestic Product, 1st quarter 2001 (advance)

Personal Income and Outlays, March 2001

May Local Area Personal Income, 1999

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

March 2001(*)

Gross Domestic Product, 1st quarter 2001 (preliminary)

and Corporate Profits, 1st quarter 2001 (preliminary)

Personal Income and Outlays, April 2001

June Gross State Product by Industry, 1977-99

Foreign Investors’ Spending to Acquire or Establish

U.S. Businesses, 2000

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

April 2001(*)

U.S. International Transactions, 1st quarter 2001

International Investment Position of the United

States, 2000

Gross Domestic Product, 1st quarter 2001 (final) and

Corporate Profits, 1st quarter 2001 (revised)

July Personal Income and Outlays, May 2001

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

May 2001(*)

State Personal Income, 1st quarter 2001

Gross Domestic Product, 2nd quarter 2001 (advance)

Personal Income and Outlays, June 2001 July 31

August U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

June 2001(*)

Gross Domestic Product, 2nd quarter 2001 (preliminary)

and Corporate Profits, 2nd quarter 2001 (preliminary)

Personal Income and Outlays, July 2001

September U.S. International Transactions, 2nd quarter 2001

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

July 2001(*)

State Per Capita Personal Income, 2000 (revised)

Gross Domestic Product, 2nd quarter 2001 (final) and

Corporate Profits, 2nd quarter 2001 (revised)

October Personal Income and Outlays, August 2001

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

August 2001(*)

State Personal Income, 2nd quarter 2001

Gross Domestic Product, 3rd quarter 2001 (advance)

November Personal Income and Outlays, September 2001

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

September 2001(*)

Gross Domestic Product, 3rd quarter 2001 (preliminary)

and Corporate Profits, 3rd quarter 2001 (preliminary)

December Personal Income and Outlays, October 2001

U.S. International Transactions, 3rd quarter 2001(*)

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

October 2001

Gross Domestic Product, 3rd quarter 2001 (final) and

Corporate Profits, 3rd quarter 2001 (revised)

Personal Income and Outlays, November 2001

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

November 2000(*) Jan. 19

State Personal Income, 3rd quarter 2000 Jan. 24

Gross Domestic Product, 4th quarter 2000 (advance) Jan. 31

Personal Income and Outlays, December 2000 Feb. 1

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

December 2000(*) Feb. 21

Gross Domestic Product, 4th quarter 2000 (preliminary) Feb. 28

Personal Income and Outlays, January 2001 Mar. 1

U.S. International Transactions, 4th quarter 2000 Mar. 15

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

January 2001(*) Mar. 20

Gross Domestic Product, 4th quarter 2000 (final) and

Corporate Profits, 4th quarter 2000 Mar. 29

Personal Income and Outlays, February 2001 Mar. 30

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

February 2001(*) April 18

State Personal Income, 4th quarter 2000 and

Per Capita Personal Income, 2000 (preliminary) April 24

Gross Domestic Product, 1st quarter 2001 (advance) April 27

Personal Income and Outlays, March 2001 April 30

Local Area Personal Income, 1999 May 3

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

March 2001(*) May 18

Gross Domestic Product, 1st quarter 2001 (preliminary)

and Corporate Profits, 1st quarter 2001 (preliminary) May 25

Personal Income and Outlays, April 2001 May 29

Gross State Product by Industry, 1977-99 June 4

Foreign Investors’ Spending to Acquire or Establish

U.S. Businesses, 2000 June 6

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

April 2001(*) June 21

U.S. International Transactions, 1st quarter 2001 June 21

International Investment Position of the United

States, 2000 June 28

Gross Domestic Product, 1st quarter 2001 (final) and

Corporate Profits, 1st quarter 2001 (revised) June 29

Personal Income and Outlays, May 2001 July 2

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

May 2001(*) July 19

State Personal Income, 1st quarter 2001 July 24

Gross Domestic Product, 2nd quarter 2001 (advance) July 27

Personal Income and Outlays, June 2001 July 31 July 31

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

June 2001(*) Aug. 17

Gross Domestic Product, 2nd quarter 2001 (preliminary)

and Corporate Profits, 2nd quarter 2001 (preliminary) Aug. 29

Personal Income and Outlays, July 2001 Aug. 30

U.S. International Transactions, 2nd quarter 2001 Sept. 12

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

July 2001(*) Sept. 19

State Per Capita Personal Income, 2000 (revised) Sept. 24

Gross Domestic Product, 2nd quarter 2001 (final) and

Corporate Profits, 2nd quarter 2001 (revised) Sept. 28

Personal Income and Outlays, August 2001 Oct. 1

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

August 2001(*) Oct. 19

State Personal Income, 2nd quarter 2001 Oct. 24

Gross Domestic Product, 3rd quarter 2001 (advance) Oct. 31

Personal Income and Outlays, September 2001 Nov. 1

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

September 2001(*) Nov. 20

Gross Domestic Product, 3rd quarter 2001 (preliminary)

and Corporate Profits, 3rd quarter 2001 (preliminary) Nov. 30

Personal Income and Outlays, October 2001 Dec. 3

U.S. International Transactions, 3rd quarter 2001(*) Dec. 12

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

October 2001 Dec. 19

Gross Domestic Product, 3rd quarter 2001 (final) and

Corporate Profits, 3rd quarter 2001 (revised) Dec. 21

Personal Income and Outlays, November 2001 Dec. 21

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

November 2000(*) 8:30 a.m.

State Personal Income, 3rd quarter 2000 9:00 a.m.

Gross Domestic Product, 4th quarter 2000 (advance) 8:30 a.m.

Personal Income and Outlays, December 2000 8:30 a.m.

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

December 2000(*) 8:30 a.m.

Gross Domestic Product, 4th quarter 2000 (preliminary) 8:30 a.m.

Personal Income and Outlays, January 2001 8:30 a.m.

U.S. International Transactions, 4th quarter 2000 8:30 a.m.

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

January 2001(*) 8:30 a.m.

Gross Domestic Product, 4th quarter 2000 (final) and

Corporate Profits, 4th quarter 2000 8:30 a.m.

Personal Income and Outlays, February 2001 8:30 a.m.

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

February 2001(*) 8:30 a.m.

State Personal Income, 4th quarter 2000 and

Per Capita Personal Income, 2000 (preliminary) 9:00 a.m.

Gross Domestic Product, 1st quarter 2001 (advance) 8:30 a.m.

Personal Income and Outlays, March 2001 8:30 a.m.

Local Area Personal Income, 1999 9:00 a.m.

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

March 2001(*) 8:30 a.m.

Gross Domestic Product, 1st quarter 2001 (preliminary)

and Corporate Profits, 1st quarter 2001 (preliminary) 8:30 a.m.

Personal Income and Outlays, April 2001 8:30 a.m.

Gross State Product by Industry, 1977-99 9:00 a.m.

Foreign Investors’ Spending to Acquire or Establish

U.S. Businesses, 2000 10:00 a.m.

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

April 2001(*) 8:30 a.m.

U.S. International Transactions, 1st quarter 2001 8:30 a.m.

International Investment Position of the United

States, 2000 10:00 a.m.

Gross Domestic Product, 1st quarter 2001 (final) and

Corporate Profits, 1st quarter 2001 (revised) 8:30 a.m.

Personal Income and Outlays, May 2001 8:30 a.m.

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

May 2001(*) 8:30 a.m.

State Personal Income, 1st quarter 2001 9:00 a.m.

Gross Domestic Product, 2nd quarter 2001 (advance) 8:30 a.m.

Personal Income and Outlays, June 2001 July 31 8:30 a.m.

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

June 2001(*) 8:30 a.m.

Gross Domestic Product, 2nd quarter 2001 (preliminary)

and Corporate Profits, 2nd quarter 2001 (preliminary) 8:30 a.m.

Personal Income and Outlays, July 2001 8:30 a.m.

U.S. International Transactions, 2nd quarter 2001 8:30 a.m.

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

July 2001(*) 8:30 a.m.

State Per Capita Personal Income, 2000 (revised) 9:00 a.m.

Gross Domestic Product, 2nd quarter 2001 (final) and

Corporate Profits, 2nd quarter 2001 (revised) 8:30 a.m.

Personal Income and Outlays, August 2001 8:30 a.m.

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

August 2001(*) 8:30 a.m.

State Personal Income, 2nd quarter 2001 9:00 a.m.

Gross Domestic Product, 3rd quarter 2001 (advance) 8:30 a.m.

Personal Income and Outlays, September 2001 8:30 a.m.

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

September 2001(*) 8:30 a.m.

Gross Domestic Product, 3rd quarter 2001 (preliminary)

and Corporate Profits, 3rd quarter 2001 (preliminary) 8:30 a.m.

Personal Income and Outlays, October 2001 8:30 a.m.

U.S. International Transactions, 3rd quarter 2001(*) 8:30 a.m.

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,

October 2001 8:30 a.m.

Gross Domestic Product, 3rd quarter 2001 (final) and

Corporate Profits, 3rd quarter 2001 (revised) 8:30 a.m.

Personal Income and Outlays, November 2001 10:00 a.m.

(*) Joint release by Bureau of the Census and the Bureau of Economic Analysis.

Channels of Delivery of Services Sold in International Markets: Cross-Border Trade and Sales Through Affiliates

Services are sold in international markets through two distinct channels. In the first channel, residents of one country sell services to residents of another country. These transactions–cross-border trade-s-consist of both trade within multinational companies (intrafirm trade) and trade between unaffiliated parties.(1) They are recorded in the international transactions accounts of both countries–as exports of services by the seller’s country and as imports by the buyer’s country. The second channel of delivery is sales through foreign affiliates of multinational companies, which from the U.S. viewpoint, are sales to foreigners by foreign affiliates of U.S. companies or U.S. purchases from other countries’ U.S. affiliates. These sales are not considered U.S. international transactions, because under the residency principle of balance-of-payments accounting, affiliates of multinational companies are regarded as residents of the countries where they are located rather than of the countries of their owners. Thus, sales abroad by foreign affiliates are transactions between foreign residents, and sales in the United States by U.S. affiliates are transactions between U.S. residents. (However, the direct investors’ shares of the profits earned on these sales are recorded as U.S. international transactions.)

The two channels of delivery typically differ in their effect on an economy. For example, U.S. cross-border exports usually have a greater effect on the U.S. economy than the otherwise equivalent sales through foreign affiliates, because, in the former case, most or all of the income generated by the production of the services generally accrues to U.S.-supplied labor and capital. In contrast, for sales through foreign affiliates, only the U.S. parent company’s share in profits may accrue to the United States (and be recorded as a U.S. international transaction); the other income generated by production–including compensation of employees–typically accrues to foreigners.

Some services can be delivered equally well through either channel, but the channel of delivery is often largely predetermined by the nature of the service. For example, travel services are inherently delivered through the cross-border channel; in contrast, many business, professional, and technical services are delivered mainly through the affiliate channel because of the need for close, continuing contact between the service providers and their customers.

To obtain a complete picture of the services transactions of affiliates, it would be necessary to examine not only their sales of services, as is done in this article, but also their purchases of services, both in their countries of location and elsewhere. However, the only data on their purchases of services that are available are those for transactions between parents and affiliates, which are discussed in the section on cross-border trade.

(1.) The term “cross-border trade” that is used here should not be confused with “cross-border mode of supply,” a term used in connection with the General Agreement on Trade in Services. The latter term refers to the provision of a service by a resident of one country to a resident of another country in which neither the producer nor the consumer goes to the country of the other (for example, a consultant sending a report electronically or by mail).

Types of Cross-Border Services: Coverage and Definitions

The estimates of cross-border transactions cover both affiliated and unaffiliated transactions between U.S. residents and foreign residents. Affiliated transactions consist of intrafirm trade within multinational companies–specifically, the trade between U.S. parent companies and their foreign affiliates and between U.S. affiliates and their foreign parent groups. Unaffiliated transactions are with foreigners that neither own, nor are owned by, the U.S. party to the transaction.

Cross-border trade in private services is classified into the same five, broad categories that are used in the U.S. international transactions accounts–travel, passenger fares, “other transportation,” royalties and license fees, and “other private services.”

Travel.–The travel accounts cover purchases of goods and services by U.S. persons traveling abroad and by foreign travelers in the United States for business or personal reasons. These goods and services include food, lodging, recreation, gifts, entertainment, and other items incidental to a foreign visit. Expenditures for local transportation in the country of travel are also covered. U.S. travel transactions with both Canada and Mexico include border transactions, such as day trips for shopping and sightseeing.

A “traveler” is a person who stays less than a year in a country and is not a resident of that country. Diplomats and military and civilian government personnel are not classified as travelers regardless of their length of stay; their expenditures are included in other international transactions accounts. Educational expenditures by students and expenditures by medical patients are included in “other private services.”

Passenger fares.–The passenger fare accounts cover fares paid by residents of one country to airline and vessel operators (carriers) that reside in another country. Receipts consist of fares received by U.S. air carriers from foreign residents for travel between the United States and foreign countries and between two foreign points and for travel on U.S. cruise vessels. Payments consist of fares paid by U.S. residents to foreign air carriers for travel between the United States and foreign countries and for travel on foreign cruise vessels.

“Other transportation.”–The “other transportation” accounts cover U.S. international transactions arising from the transportation of goods by ocean, air, land (truck and rail), pipeline, and inland waterway carriers to and from the United States. The accounts cover freight charges for transporting exports and imports and operating expenses that transportation companies incur in foreign ports. Specifically, the accounts cover the freight receipts of U.S. carriers for transporting U.S. goods exports and for transporting goods between two foreign points and the freight payments to foreign carriers for transporting U.S. goods imports (freight insurance on exports and imports is covered in the “other private services” accounts).

Port services receipts consist of the value of the goods and services purchased by foreign carriers in U.S. ports. Port services payments consist of the value of goods and services purchased by U.S. carriers in foreign ports.

Royalties and license fees.–The royalties and license fees accounts cover transactions with nonresidents that involve patented and unpatented techniques, processes, formulas, and other intangible proprietary rights used in the production of goods; transactions involving trademarks, copyrights, franchises, broadcast rights and other intangible rights; and the rights to distribute, use, and reproduce general-use computer software.

“Other private services.”–This account consists of other affiliated and unaffiliated services. The unaffiliated services are disaggregated into six categories: Education; financial services; insurance; telecommunications; business, professional, and technical services; and “other unaffiliated services.”

Education receipts consist of expenditures for tuition and living expenses by foreign students enrolled in U.S. colleges and universities. Payments consist of tuition and living expenses of U.S. students for study abroad.

Financial services cover a variety of services that include funds management, credit card services, explicit fees and commissions on transactions in securities, fees on credit-related activities, and other miscellaneous financial services. Implicit fees paid and received on bond trading are also covered.

Insurance consists of premiums earned and paid for primary insurance and for reinsurance; losses paid by U.S. insurers and losses recovered from foreign insurers are netted against the premiums. Primary insurance consists of life insurance, accident and health insurance, and property and casualty insurance. Each type of primary insurance may be reinsured; reinsurance is the ceding of a portion of a premium to another insurer, who then assumes a corresponding portion of the risk. Reinsurance is one way of providing coverage for events with so high a degree of risk or liability that a single insurer is by itself, unwilling or unable to underwrite insurance against their occurrence.

Telecommunications consists of receipts and payments between U.S. and foreign communications companies for the transmission of messages between the United States and other countries; channel leasing; telex, telegram, and other jointly provided (basic) services; value-added services, such as electronic mail, video conferencing, and online access services (including Internet backbone services, router services, and broadband access services); and telecommunications support services.

Business, professional, and technical services cover a wide variety of services, such as legal services, accounting services, and advertising services (see list in table 1).

“Other unaffiliated services” receipts consist mainly of expenditures of foreign governments for services for maintaining embassies and consulates in the United States; expenditures of international organizations–such as the United Nations, the International Monetary Fund, and the World Bank–that are headquartered in the United States; expenditures of foreign residents employed temporarily in the United States; and receipts from unaffiliated foreigners for the rights to display, reproduce, or distribute U.S. motion picture and television films and tapes. Payments consist primarily of payments by U.S. film distributors to unaffiliated foreign residents for the rights to display, reproduce, or distribute motion picture and television films and tapes.

Detail on Intrafirm Trade in Services

Updated estimates of cross-border trade in services between U.S. parents and their foreign affiliates by type of service are provided below. Similar detail on services trade between foreign parents and their U.S. affiliates was first collected in the 1997 benchmark survey of foreign direct investment in the United States; those data will be published later this year in Foreign Direct Investment in the United States: Final Results From the 1997 Benchmark Survey and will be updated in the next article on U.S. international services.

For both receipts and payments, most of the intrafirm trade in services is accounted for by the “other” category. A significant portion of the transactions in this category may be accounted for by expenses, such as management services and research and development assessments, that are widely allocated among the various divisions or parts of an enterprise and that are not billed separately.

Detail on Intrafirm Trade in Services

Updated estimates of cross-border trade in services between U.S. parents and their foreign affiliates by type of service are provided below. Similar detail on services trade between foreign parents and their U.S. affiliates was first collected in the 1997 benchmark survey of foreign direct investment in the United States; those data will be published later this year in Foreign Direct Investment in the United States: Final Results From the 1997 Benchmark Survey and will be updated in the next article on U.S. international services.

Detail on Services Trade Between U.S. Parents and Their Foreign Affiliates by Type, 1994-99

[Billions of dollars]

1994 1995 1996

U.S. parents’ receipts:

Total 10.8 10.4 11.3

Transportation services(2) .2 .3 .4

Other private services(3) 10.6 10.1 11.0

Financial services .8 .9 1.0

Computer and

information services .8 .8 1.0

Communication services .1 .1 .1

Other 8.8 8.3 8.9

U.S. parents’ payments:

Total 6.8 7.1 7.6

Transportation services(2) .5 .6 .6

Other private services(3) 6.3 6.5 7.0

Insurance services(4) .1 .1 .1

Financial services .7 1.1 1.7

Computer and

information services .4 .3 .4

Communication services (*) .1 .1

Other 5.1 4.9 4.6

1997 1998 1999

U.S. parents’ receipts:

Total 14.1 14.7 14.7

Transportation services(2) .4 .4 .4

Other private services(3) 13.6 14.2 14.3

Financial services 1.4 1.8 1.8

Computer and

information services 1.4 1.3 1.3

Communication services .3 .2 .2

Other 10.6 11.0 10.9

U.S. parents’ payments:

Total 93 10.7 11.7

Transportation services(2) .4 .4 .4

Other private services(3) 8.9 10.3 11.3

Insurance services(4) .1 .1 .1

Financial services 2.5 3.3 3.4

Computer and

information services .5 .6 .6

Communication services .2 .2 .2

Other 5.6 6.2 7.1

(*) Less than $50 million.

(1.) The estimates for 1997 and 1998 are revised; those for 1999 are preliminary.

(2.) Included under “other transportation” in table 1.

(3.) Included in U.S. parents’ transactions under “other private services,” affiliated, in table 1. (That item also includes receipts and payments and rentals for the use of tangible property and of film and television tape rentals.)

(4.) The transactions reported for insurance services are limited to those not already collected on other surveys–specifically, to purchases of primary instance (and the related recovery of losses) by U.S. parent companies from foreign affiliates in insurance.

For both receipts and payments, most of the intrafirm trade in services is accounted for by the “other” category. A significant portion of the transactions in this category may be accounted for by expenses, such as management services and research and development assessments, that are widely allocated among the various divisions or parts of an enterprise and that are not billed separately.

Definition of Sales of Services by Affiliates

In this article, sales of services by affiliates are defined as sales that are typical of establishments classified in particular industries. Currently, the industry groups used for this purpose differ for the two types of investment because BEA is making the transition from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).(1) For sales of services by U.S. affiliates of foreign companies, the NAICS-based classifications were first used in the 1997 benchmark survey of foreign direct investment in the United States (FDIUS). For sales of services by foreign affiliates of U.S. companies, the NAICS-based classifications are first used in the 1999 benchmark survey of U.S. direct investment abroad, which is currently being processed. The transition to a NAICS-based classification system requires a redefinition of sales of services by affiliates.

Both the sales of services abroad by foreign affiliates of U.S. companies through 1998 and the sales of services in the United States by U.S. affiliates of foreign companies through 1996 are defined on the basis of industry classifications that are derived from the SIC. Specifically, these sales are defined as sales typical of establishments in the following SIC-based industries: “Services”; finance (except depository institutions), insurance, and real estate; agricultural, mining, and petroleum services; and transportation, communication and public utilities. (Sales typical of establishments in other SIC-based industries are included in sales of goods.)

Beginning with 1997 for U.S. affiliates and with 1999 for foreign affiliates, sales of services are defined on the basis of industry classifications that are derived from the NAICS. Specifically, these sales are defined as sales typical of establishments in the following NAICS-based industries: Support activities for agriculture and forestry; support activities for oil and gas operations; support activities for mining; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional, scientific, and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and support, waste management, and remediation services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment, and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services. (Sales typical of establishments in other NAICS-based industries are included in sales of goods.)

For the most part, the sales of services that are included under the NAICS-based definition are the same as those that are included under the SIC-based definition. However, some sales that are included in services under the NAICS-based definition — particularly those typical of publishers of newspapers, periodicals, books, and records and those typical of restaurants — are included in sales of goods under the SIC-based definition. The NAICS-based definition also excludes some sales that the SIC-based definition includes, particularly those typical of land subdividers, of reproducers of software and video, and of dental laboratories. The sales that are newly included in sales of services and those that have been reclassified to sales of goods cannot be precisely measured. However, rough estimates based on the data reported on the 1997 benchmark survey of FDIUS indicate that for U.S. affiliates of foreign companies, the redefinition resulted in a net movement of sales from goods to services; thus, there is a discontinuity between the 1997 estimates of sales of services by U.S. affiliates and the estimates for earlier years. The redefinitions also reduced the comparability between this series and the series on sales of services by foreign affiliates for 1997 and 1998.

For more information, see the box “Changes in the Definition and Classification of Sales of Services by U.S. Affiliates,” in Michael A. Mann, Laura L. Brokenbaugh, and Sylvia E. Bargas, “U.S. International Services: Cross-Border Trade in 1998 and Sales Through Affiliates in 1999,” SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS 79 (October 1999): 61.

(1.) NAICS is the new industry classification system of the United States, Canada, and Mexico; in the United States, it supplants the SIC.

Data Sources

The estimates in this article are primarily based on data from the surveys conducted by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). However, the estimates for some services are based on a variety of other sources, including data from surveys conducted by other Federal Government agencies, data provided by private sources, customs data, and data from partner countries.

BEA conducts 11 surveys of cross-border trade with unaffiliated foreigners, that is, with foreigners that neither own nor are owned by the U.S. party to the transaction. These surveys cover six categories of services: (1) Selected services (mainly miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services), (2) construction, engineering, architectural, and mining services, (3) insurance, (4) financial services, (5) royalties and license fees, and (6) transportation. Each of these categories is covered by a separate survey or by a group of surveys.

More detailed information on these surveys is available in U.S. International Transactions in Private Services: A Guide to the Surveys Conducted by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. The Guide presents general information about the classification, definition, and release schedules of all the surveys, and it provides details for each survey on the items covered, the frequency of the surveys, the numbers of respondents, and the methods that were used to prepare the estimates.

The Guide is available on BEA’s Web site at or by writing to the International Investment Division, BE-50, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Washington, DC 20230. For further information, call 202606-9853.

The data on cross-border trade with affiliated foreigners and on sales by majority-owned affiliates are collected in BEA’s surveys of U.S. direct investment abroad (USDIA) and of foreign direct investment in the United States (FDIUS). The methodology for the USDIA surveys is described in U.S. Direct Investment Abroad: 1994 Benchmark Survey, Final Results (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1998); the methodology for the FDIUS surveys will be available later this year in Foreign Direct Investment in the United States: Final Results From the 1997 Benchmark Survey.

For additional information on the methodology used to prepare the estimates of cross-border trade — both affiliated and unaffiliated, see The Balance of Payments of the United States: Concepts, Data Sources, and Estimating Procedures (Washington DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1990). For changes in the methodology that have been made since 1990, see the section “Technical Notes” in the quarterly articles on the U.S. international transactions in the June 1990 and 1991 issues of the SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS, the section “Revised Estimates for 1976-91” in the June 1992 issue, and the annual articles on the revised estimates of U.S. international transactions in the June 1993-95 issues and in the July 1996-2000 issues.

These methodologies and the SURVEY articles for July 1996-2000 are available on BEA’s Web site at .

Data Availability

The estimates of cross-border trade for 1986-99 and of sales through majority-owned affiliates for 1989-98 are available as HTML files and as compressed files that can be downloaded from BEA’s Web site at . To access the file, click on “BOP and related data,” and look under “Exports and Imports.”

Acknowledgments

The estimates of cross-border trade were prepared by the following staff members of the Balance of Payments Division and the International Investment Division.

Travel and passenger fares–Joan E. Bolyard and Laura L. Brokenbaugh.

Other transportation–Patricia G. Watts and Edward F. Dozier.

Royalties and license fees and other private services–affiliated, Gregory G. Fouch (for transactions of U.S. affiliates) and Mark W. New (for transactions of U.S. parents); unaffiliated, Christopher J. Emond, Christina D. Briseno, Shirley J. Davis, Rafael I. Font, Pamela Aiken, Damon C. Battaglia, Annette Boyd, Faith M. Brannam, Hope R. Jones, Eddie L. Key, Christine M. Locke-Paddon, Steven J. Muno, John A. Sondheimer, Robert A. Becker, Jane C. Newstedt, and Vicki L. Schepker.

The estimates of sales of services through majority-owned affiliates were prepared by staff members of the International Investment Division.

The information in tables 1, 2, 3, and 5 was consolidated by John A. Sondheimer, assisted by Robert A. Becker. Computer programming for data estimation and the generation of the other tables was provided by Marie Colosimo, Carole J. Henry, Fritz H. Mayhew, and Diane I. Young.

(1.) The difference between the two series would have been larger if they had been defined consistently; the redefinitions that resulted from the use of a new industry classification system have raised the measure of services sold in the United States by U.S. affiliates of foreign companies, beginning with the estimates for 1997 (see the box “Definition of Sales of Services by Affiliates” on page 127).

(2.) In the quarterly article on the U.S. international transactions in this issue, table 1 presents cross-border exports of private services in lines 6-10 and cross-border imports in lines 23-27; table 3 provides additional detail.

(3.) These data cover all sales of services by nonbank majority-owned affiliates, irrespective of the percentage of foreign ownership. The data are limited to nonbank affiliates because in most years, the surveys used to collect the data do not cover banking affiliates. The data exclude minority-owned affiliates because data on sales of services by foreign affiliates are collected only for affiliates that are majority-owned by U.S. direct investors. Excluding minority-owned affiliates may be preferable because the direct investor may own as little as 10 percent of a minority-owned affiliate and thus have less interest than local investors in the affiliate’s sales.

(4.) See Raymond J. Mataloni, Jr., “U.S. Multinational Companies: Operations in 1998,” SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS 80 (July 2000): 26-45, and William J. Zeile, “U.S. Affiliates of Foreign Companies: Operations in 1998,” SURVEY 80 (August 2000): 141-158.

(5.) Net insurance payments are calculated as premiums paid to foreign companies for primary insurance and reinsurance less losses recovered from foreign insurers.

(6.) The estimates of cross-border transactions incorporate recent improvements in source data and estimation methods. Improvements were made to the estimates of financial services and to two components of “other unaffiliated services” (in “other private services”)–expenditures of foreign embassies and consulates and international organizations in the United States and expenditures of temporary nonagricultural workers in the United States. For a discussion of these changes, see Christopher L. Bach, “U.S. International Transactions, Revised Estimates for 1982-99,” SURVEY 80 (July 2000): 72-74.

(7.) In this section, sales of services are defined as sales that are typical of establishments classified in particular industries. The industry groups used for this purpose are listed in the note to table C.

(8.) Because the data on sales of goods by U.S. affiliates are not disaggregated by destination, the local and foreign shares have been estimated from data on exports of goods shipped by affiliates. Exports by U.S. affiliates in 1998 represented 11 percent of sales of goods by these affiliates.

(9.) The UBO of a U.S. affiliate is that person (in the broad legal sense, including a company), proceeding up the affiliate’s ownership chain beginning with the foreign parent, that is not owned more than 50 percent by another person. The UBO ultimately owns or controls the affiliate and derives the benefits associated with ownership or control. Unlike the foreign parent, the UBO of a U.S. affiliate may be located in the United States.

(10.) For more information, see the box “Changes in the Definition and Classification of Sales of Services by U.S. Affiliates” in last year’s article.

(11.) In the SIC, the “services” division includes a variety of business and personal services (see the group “services” in table 9), but it excludes several industries — such as finance, insurance, transportation, and communication — that are classified as services-producing industries in BEA’s direct investment surveys in order to disaggregate total sales into sales of goods and sales of services.

(12.) Not all services sold by affiliates in these industries are computer-related services, but most of them probably are. In addition, some computer-related services may be sold by affiliates classified in other industries.

(13.) In 1998, the U.S. dollar appreciated 8 percent against an index of the currencies of 23 major host countries. The index was weighted by the gross product (value added) of nonbank majority-owned foreign affiliates.

(14.) For additional information, see Sylvia E. Bargas and Rosaria Troia, “Direct Investment Positions for 1998: Country and Industry Detail,” Survey 79 (July 1999): 48-59, and Mataloni, “Operations in 1998.”

(15.) According to data from BEA’s survey of new foreign direct investments, outlays to acquire or establish U.S. businesses were $215.3 billion in 1998 (a record that was surpassed in 1999). See Ned G. Howenstine and Rosaria Troia, “Foreign Direct Investment in the United States: New Investment in 1999,” SURVEY 80 (June 2000): 55-63.

(16.) For additional information about foreign direct investment in the United States in 1998, see Bargas and Troia, “Direct Investment Positions in 1998,” and Zeile, “Operations in 1998.”

Michael A. Mann and Laura L. Brokenbaugh prepared the section on cross-border trade. Sylvia E. Bargas prepared the section on sales through affiliates.

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