International services

International services – Illustration

The Bureau of Economic Analysis prepares and publishes estimates of U.S. cross-border trade in private services and of sales of services by nonbank majority-owned U.S. and foreign affiliates of multinational companies (tables 1, 2, and 3). The two data sets correspond to the two distinct channels through which services are delivered to international markets.

U.S. cross-border trade in private services consists of transactions between U.S. and foreign residents. Cross-border exports and imports of private services represent international trade in the conventional sense and are recorded, in summary form, in the international transactions accounts. These services transactions consist of both trade within multinational companies (intrafirm trade) and trade between unaffiliated parties.

Cross-border services transactions are classified into five broad “standard components.” The components are (1) travel; (2) passenger fares; (3) other transportation, such as freight and port services; (4) royalties and license fees; and (5) other private services, such as financial services, insurance services, and business, professional, and technical services.

Sales of services by nonbank majority-owned U.S. and foreign affiliates of multinational companies are usually transactions between residents of the same country. Sales of services to foreign residents by foreign affiliates of U.S. companies are considered transactions between foreign residents. Purchases of services by U.S. residents from U.S. affiliates of foreign companies are considered transactions between U.S. residents. These sales and purchases are not recorded in the U.S. international transactions accounts, but they are reflected in an ownership-based framework of the U.S. current account, which the Bureau publishes periodically. The estimates are drawn from larger data sets on the operations of U.S. multinational companies and of U.S. affiliates of foreign companies.

Services delivered through nonbank majority-owned affiliates have exceeded those delivered through cross-border trade in recent years. However, for specific types of services, the relative importance of the two channels is often determined by the nature of the service being delivered.

For more information

Call Michael A. Mann, Chief of the Current Account Services Branch, at 202-606-9573, or e-mail michael.mann@bea.gov. For more information on sales of services by affiliates of multinational companies, call Maria Borga of the International Investment Division at 202-606-9853, or e-mail maria.borga@bea.gov. For additional information about the international accounts, go to our Web site at .

Table 1. Private Services Trade by Type, 1996-2001

[Millions of dollars]

Exports

1996 1997 1998

Total private services 222,633 238,984 243,932

Travel 69,809 73,426 71,286

Overseas 59,963 63,041 61,262

Canada 6,842 6,945 6,206

Mexico 3,004 3,440 3,818

Passenger fares 20,422 20,868 20,098

Other transportation 26,074 27,006 25,604

Freight 11,146 11,789 11,048

Port services 14,929 15,217 14,557

Royalties and license fees 32,470 33,228 35,626

Affiliated 24,556 24,465 26,313

U.S. parents’ transactions 22,719 23,091 24,362

U.S. affiliates’ transactions 1,837 1,374 1,951

Unaffiliated 7,914 8,763 9,314

Industrial processes 3,566 3,544 3,499

Other 4,348 5,219 5,815

Other private services 73,858 84,456 91,318

Affiliated services 22,931 27,107 28,176

U.S. parents’ transactions 14,118 17,288 18,135

U.S. affiliates’ transactions 8,813 9,819 10,041

Unaffiliated services 50,927 57,349 63,142

Education 7,887 8,346 9,036

Financial services 8,229 10,243 11,327

Insurance, net 2,168 2,473 2,224

Premiums 5,929 6,118 7,278

Losses 3,761 3,645 5,054

Telecommunications 3,301 3,918 5,567

Business, professional, and

technical services 19,466 21,547 22,676

Accounting, auditing, and

bookkeeping services 222 316 412

Advertising 543 607 445

Computer and data processing

services 1,617 2,011 1,941

Construction, engineering,

architectural, and mining

services 3,553 3,503 3,884

Construction n.a. n.a. 793

Engineering, architectural, and

other technical services n.a. n.a. 2,541

Mining services n.a. n.a. 550

Data base and other information

services 1,158 1,479 1,764

Industrial engineering 870 1,186 1,271

Installation, maintenance, and

repair of equipment 3,648 3,369 3,189

Legal services 1,943 2,223 2,406

Management, consulting, and public

relations services 1,460 1,632 1,888

Medical services 1,005 1,113 1,204

Miscellaneous disbursements 333 144 148

Operational leasing 1,482 2,012 2,367

Research, development, and testing

services 681 893 867

Sports and performing arts 149 149 99

Training services 388 447 396

Other business, professional and

technical services (1) 415 463 396

Other unaffiliated services (2) 9,874 10,821 12,312

Exports

1999 2000 2001

Total private services 256,492 277,478 266,209

Travel 74,731 82,267 73,119

Overseas 63,947 70,050 61,315

Canada 6,670 7,055 6,484

Mexico 4,114 5,162 5,320

Passenger fares 19,785 20,760 18,007

Other transportation 26,916 30,137 28,306

Freight 11,560 12,994 11,930

Port services 15,356 17,143 16,376

Royalties and license fees 36,902 39,607 38,668

Affiliated 26,507 26,816 25,873

U.S. parents’ transactions 24,807 24,585 23,502

U.S. affiliates’ transactions 1,700 2,231 2,371

Unaffiliated 10,395 12,791 12,795

Industrial processes 3,900 4,705 4,852

Other 6,496 8,086 7,943

Other private services 98,158 104,707 108,109

Affiliated services 28,564 32,580 36,243

U.S. parents’ transactions 17,977 19,846 21,237

U.S. affiliates’ transactions 10,587 12,734 15,006

Unaffiliated services 69,594 72,127 71,866

Education 9,615 10,348 11,493

Financial services 13,410 16,307 15,209

Insurance, net 1,011 2,050 18

Premiums 6,760 8,458 8,658

Losses 5,749 6,408 8,640

Telecommunications 4,549 4,756 4,796

Business, professional, and

technical services 27,701 24,373 25,720

Accounting, auditing, and

bookkeeping services 294 363 403

Advertising 481 551 513

Computer and data processing

services 3,312 3,050 2,644

Construction, engineering,

architectural, and mining

services 5,834 2,275 2,623

Construction 2,643 680 823

Engineering, architectural, and

other technical services 2,620 1,309 1,573

Mining services 571 286 228

Data base and other information

services 2,131 2,165 2,192

Industrial engineering 1,865 716 780

Installation, maintenance, and

repair of equipment 3,491 3,931 4,546

Legal services 2,465 3,232 3,143

Management, consulting, and public

relations services 1,832 1,751 1,859

Medical services 1,353 1,501 1,676

Miscellaneous disbursements 109 102 160

Operational leasing 2,671 2,890 2,753

Research, development, and testing

services 994 1,046 1,317

Sports and performing arts 131 123 141

Training services 389 402 505

Other business, professional and

technical services (1) 351 274 467

Other unaffiliated services (2) 13,309 14,293 14,630

Imports

1996 1997 1998

Total private services 137,102 151,791 167,466

Travel 48,078 52,051 56,509

Overseas 37,436 40,667 44,395

Canada 4,670 4,904 5,718

Mexico 5,972 6,480 6,396

Passenger fares 15,809 18,138 19,971

Other transportation 27,403 28,959 30,363

Freight 16,539 17,654 19,412

Port services 10,864 11,305 10,950

Royalties and license fees 7,837 9,161 11,235

Affiliated 5,406 6,749 8,547

U.S. parents’ transactions 761 1,379 1,782

U.S. affiliates’ transactions 4,645 5,370 6,765

Unaffiliated 2,431 2,412 2,688

Industrial processes 1,319 1,417 1,319

Other 1,112 995 1,369

Other private services 37,975 43,482 49,388

Affiliated services 15,548 17,625 19,437

U.S. parents’ transactions 7,084 9,012 10,415

U.S. affiliates’ transactions 8,464 8,613 9,022

Unaffiliated services 22,427 25,857 29,951

Education 1,253 1,396 1,587

Financial services 2,907 3,347 3,590

Insurance, net 3,885 5,873 9,240

Premiums 14,522 15,211 20,398

Losses 10,637 9,338 11,158

Telecommunications 8,290 8,346 7,682

Business, professional, and

technical services 5,547 6,407 7,392

Accounting, auditing, and

bookkeeping services 218 279 403

Advertising 971 773 912

Computer and data processing

services 276 636 917

Construction, engineering,

architectural, and mining

services 465 463 554

Construction n.a. n.a. n.a.

Engineering, architectural, and

other technical services n.a. n.a. n.a.

Mining services n.a. n.a. n.a.

Data base and other information

services 146 128 152

Industrial engineering 197 211 206

Installation, maintenance, and

repair of equipment 239 307 242

Legal services 615 539 655

Management, consulting, and public

relations services 497 687 872

Medical services n.a. n.a. n.a.

Miscellaneous disbursements 750 1,075 1,136

Operational leasing 325 189 175

Research, development, and testing

services 379 564 637

Sports and performing arts 200 260 228

Training services 140 153 168

Other business, professional and

technical services (1) 129 142 137

Other unaffiliated services (2) 546 487 460

Imports

1999 2000 2001

Total private services 173,241 202,060 192,305

Travel 58,865 64,788 60,117

Overseas 46,925 51,775 46,933

Canada 6,135 6,367 6,477

Mexico 5,805 6,646 6,707

Passenger fares 21,315 24,306 22,418

Other transportation 34,139 41,598 38,823

Freight 22,218 27,388 25,667

Port services 11,925 14,210 13,156

Royalties and license fees 12,609 16,115 16,359

Affiliated 9,876 12,180 13,008

U.S. parents’ transactions 1,812 1,946 2,026

U.S. affiliates’ transactions 8,064 10,234 10,982

Unaffiliated 2,733 3,935 3,351

Industrial processes 1,568 1,695 1,815

Other 1,164 2,240 1,536

Other private services 46,313 55,253 54,588

Affiliated services 23,261 25,971 28,410

U.S. parents’ transactions 12,951 13,433 13,467

U.S. affiliates’ transactions 10,310 12,538 14,943

Unaffiliated services 23,052 29,282 26,178

Education 1,807 2,052 2,378

Financial services 3,418 4,472 4,016

Insurance, net 2,684 8,175 4,906

Premiums 20,857 26,930 39,895

Losses 18,173 18,755 34,989

Telecommunications 6,601 5,473 4,298

Business, professional, and

technical services 8,110 8,636 10,040

Accounting, auditing, and

bookkeeping services 592 567 928

Advertising 881 923 881

Computer and data processing

services 984 922 1,016

Construction, engineering,

architectural, and mining

services 510 518 471

Construction n.a. n.a. 264

Engineering, architectural, and

other technical services n.a. n.a. 156

Mining services n.a. n.a. 50

Data base and other information

services 171 178 260

Industrial engineering 262 261 260

Installation, maintenance, and

repair of equipment 315 822 996

Legal services 742 874 755

Management, consulting, and public

relations services 842 755 998

Medical services n.a. n.a. n.a.

Miscellaneous disbursements 1,351 1,225 1,306

Operational leasing 173 187 212

Research, development, and testing

services 749 903 1,064

Sports and performing arts 206 159 221

Training services 162 207 367

Other business, professional and

technical services (1) 168 138 305

Other unaffiliated services (2) 433 473 540

n.a. Not available

* Less than $500,000.

(D) Suppressed to avoid disclosure of data of individual companies.

(1.) For exports, other business, professional, and technical services

consists of agricultural services; language translation services;

security services; collection services; salvage services; satellite

photography and remote sensing/satellite imagery services; merchanting

services; transcription services; waste treatment and depollution

services; mailing, reproduction, and commercial art services; personnel

supply services; management of health care facilities services; auction

services, and other trade-related services. For imports, other

business, professional, and technical services consists of all of the

components above with the exception of merchanting services.

(2.) Exports include mainly film and tape rentals and expenditures of

foreign governments and international organizations in the United

States. Imports include mainly expenditures of U.S. residents

temporarily working abroad and film and tape rentals.

Table 2. Sales of Services to Foreign Persons by U.S. MNC’s Through

Their Nonbank MOFA’s, Industry of Affiliate by Country of

Affiliate, 2000

[Millions of dollars]

Europe

All

coun- Canada Total

tries

(1) (2) (3)

All industries 392,784 44,317 204,815

Manufacturing 9,532 1,960 5,598

Of which:

Food 150 41 52

Chemicals 547 25 449

Primary and fabricated metals 80 1 73

Machinery 1,249 73 382

Computers and electronic

products 5,839 (D) 3,876

Electrical equipment,

appliances, and components 79 (D) 10

Transportation equipment 1,068 581 (D)

Wholesale trade 18,809 (D) 8,602

Of which:

Motor vehicles and motor

vehicle parts and supplies (D) 6 (D)

Professional and commercial

equipment and supplies 12,728 674 7,969

Retail trade 1,104 (D) 19

Information 66,038 3,779 (D)

Publishing industries 14,432 (D) (D)

Newspaper, periodical, book,

and database publishers 5,778 (D) (D)

Software publishers 8,655 311 5,849

Motion picture and sound

recording industries (D) 1,042 5,749

Motion picture and video

industries 7,457 (D) 4,778

Sound recording industries (D) (D) 971

Broadcasting and telecommuni-

cations 28,036 (D) 15,207

Broadcasting, cable networks,

and program distribution 2,542 0 2,026

Telecommunications 25,494 (D) 13,181

Information services and data

processing services (D) 1,628 9,791

Information services 4,311 (D) 2,799

Data processing services (D) (D) 6,992

Finance (except depository

institutions) and insurance 101,843 8,105 43,284

Finance (except depository

institutions) 38,633 3,456 24,305

Nondepository credit

intermediation and related

services 11,847 (D) 5,929

Securities, commodity

contracts, and other

intermediation and related

activities 25,565 1,645 18,195

Funds, trusts, and other

financial vehicles 1,222 (D) 181

Insurance carriers and related

activities 63,210 4,649 18,979

Insurance carriers, except life

insurance carriers 36,025 (D) 14,608

Life insurance carriers 24,037 1,592 1,867

Agencies, brokerages, and other

insurance related activities 3,148 (D) 2,505

Real estate and rental and leasing 11,427 1,545 7,758

Real estate (D) 57 769

Rental and leasing (except real

estate) (D) 1,488 6,989

Professional, scientific, and

technical services 69,696 5,007 39,310

Architectural, engineering, and

related services 11,268 2,094 6,749

Computer systems design and

related services (D) 1,252 16,143

Management, scientific, and

technical consulting (D) 639 5,705

Other 15,625 1,023 10,712

Legal services 865 7 637

Accounting, tax preparation,

bookkeeping, and payroll

services 721 317 226

Specialized design services 98 1 59

Scientific research and

development services 2,700 151 1,735

Advertising and related

services 8,753 466 6,485

Other professional, scientific,

and technical services 2,487 81 1,571

Other industries 114,335 (D) (D)

Agriculture, forestry, fishing,

and hunting 91 26 22

Mining 10,406 2,869 2,728

Utilities 39,187 6,958 22,042

Construction (1) (D) 0 14

Transportation and warehousing 20,348 2,243 8,236

Of which:

Air transportation 1,648 108 771

Rail transportation 1,500 (D) 1,050

Water transportation 4,013 21 820

Truck transportation 1,793 688 391

Support activities for

transportation 4,568 342 1,905

Management of companies and

enterprises (D) 43 509

Administration, support, and

waste management (D) 1,967 (D)

Administrative and support

services 17,164 (D) (D)

Of which:

Employment services 11,060 424 9,134

Travel arrangement and

reservation services 68 6 15

Waste management and

remediation services (D) (D) 0

Health care and social assistance 614 31 349

Accommodation and food services (D) 2,646 8,274

Accommodation (D) 615 2,271

Food services and drinking

places 12,940 2,031 6,003

Miscellaneous services (D) (D) 4,039

Educational services (D) (D) 512

Arts, entertainment, and

recreation 1,190 139 786

Other services (except public

administration and private

households) 4,785 845 2,741

Europe

Of which:

Nether-

France Germany lands

(4) (5) (6)

All industries 19,291 28,981 11,935

Manufacturing 710 2,717 102

Of which:

Food 0 0 45

Chemicals 150 128 (*)

Primary and fabricated metals 7 3 0

Machinery 19 21 22

Computers and electronic

products 469 (D) 0

Electrical equipment,

appliances, and components 4 0 0

Transportation equipment 3 (D) 0

Wholesale trade 1,409 516 757

Of which:

Motor vehicles and motor

vehicle parts and supplies (D) 0 0

Professional and commercial

equipment and supplies 1,379 446 678

Retail trade 4 6 0

Information 2,674 9,094 4,415

Publishing industries 661 1,039 1,631

Newspaper, periodical, book,

and database publishers 280 466 284

Software publishers 381 573 1,347

Motion picture and sound

recording industries 673 756 1,671

Motion picture and video

industries 592 (D) 1,625

Sound recording industries 81 (D) 46

Broadcasting and telecommuni-

cations 513 6,054 569

Broadcasting, cable networks,

and program distribution (D) 5 (D)

Telecommunications (D) 6,049 (D)

Information services and data

processing services 827 1,245 543

Information services 116 288 265

Data processing services 711 957 279

Finance (except depository

institutions) and insurance 1,443 6,846 1,114

Finance (except depository

institutions) 753 803 (D)

Nondepository credit

intermediation and related

services 547 (D) (D)

Securities, commodity

contracts, and other

intermediation and related

activities 206 420 364

Funds, trusts, and other

financial vehicles 1 (D) (D)

Insurance carriers and related

activities 689 6,043 (D)

Insurance carriers, except life

insurance carriers 309 5,836 18

Life insurance carriers (D) 0 0

Agencies, brokerages, and other

insurance related activities (D) 207 (D)

Real estate and rental and leasing 1,587 581 834

Real estate 391 26 11

Rental and leasing (except real

estate) 1,196 555 822

Professional, scientific, and

technical services 3,618 4,839 2,026

Architectural, engineering, and

related services 240 97 478

Computer systems design and

related services 1,360 2,521 950

Management, scientific, and

technical consulting 480 974 187

Other 1,539 1,247 411

Legal services 167 62 0

Accounting, tax preparation,

bookkeeping, and payroll

services 72 0 0

Specialized design services 2 0 0

Scientific research and

development services 144 220 30

Advertising and related

services 1,030 904 301

Other professional, scientific,

and technical services 125 61 80

Other industries 7,846 4,382 2,688

Agriculture, forestry, fishing,

and hunting (D) 0 4

Mining 61 41 365

Utilities 0 (D) (D)

Construction (1) 0 3 0

Transportation and warehousing 566 1,592 725

Of which:

Air transportation (D) 71 52

Rail transportation 0 0 0

Water transportation 0 1 (D)

Truck transportation 0 (D) 0

Support activities for

transportation 292 269 350

Management of companies and

enterprises 9 9 9

Administration, support, and

waste management 5,562 557 589

Administrative and support

services 5,562 557 589

Of which:

Employment services (D) (D) 383

Travel arrangement and

reservation services 0 0 0

Waste management and

remediation services 0 0 0

Health care and social assistance (D) 7 2

Accommodation and food services 795 1,692 70

Accommodation (D) 199 65

Food services and drinking

places (D) 1,493 5

Miscellaneous services 821 (D) (D)

Educational services 24 (D) (D)

Arts, entertainment, and

recreation 23 32 7

Other services (except public

administration and private

households) 774 359 247

Europe

Of which:

Latin

America

Swit- United and Other

zerland Kingdom Western

Hemi-

sphere

(7) (8) (9)

All industries 4,413 101,413 50,277

Manufacturing 17 598 1,218

Of which:

Food 0 2 43

Chemicals 0 155 20

Primary and fabricated metals 0 60 6

Machinery 0 176 (D)

Computers and electronic

products 17 130 (D)

Electrical equipment,

appliances, and components 0 1 4

Transportation equipment 0 2 (D)

Wholesale trade 741 1,579 1,098

Of which:

Motor vehicles and motor

vehicle parts and supplies 0 (D) 0

Professional and commercial

equipment and supplies 679 1,390 1,009

Retail trade 0 (*) 28

Information 1,015 15,433 10,914

Publishing industries 206 4,265 677

Newspaper, periodical, book,

and database publishers 42 2,658 402

Software publishers 164 1,607 274

Motion picture and sound

recording industries 58 1,528 606

Motion picture and video

industries 29 (D) 474

Sound recording industries 29 (D) 131

Broadcasting and telecommuni-

cations 80 5,014 8,631

Broadcasting, cable networks,

and program distribution 0 619 231

Telecommunications 80 4,395 8,400

Information services and data

processing services 671 4,626 1,001

Information services (D) 1,472 354

Data processing services (D) 3,154 647

Finance (except depository

institutions) and insurance 342 28,346 15,573

Finance (except depository

institutions) (D) 18,158 3,538

Nondepository credit

intermediation and related

services (D) 3,588 1,876

Securities, commodity

contracts, and other

intermediation and related

activities 164 14,556 1,502

Funds, trusts, and other

financial vehicles 0 13 160

Insurance carriers and related

activities (D) 10,189 12,035

Insurance carriers, except life

insurance carriers (D) 7,325 10,432

Life insurance carriers (D) 1,279 1,383

Agencies, brokerages, and other

insurance related activities (D) 1,585 221

Real estate and rental and leasing 49 2,829 996

Real estate (*) 285 69

Rental and leasing (except real

estate) 49 2,544 927

Professional, scientific, and

technical services 1,163 (D) 5,603

Architectural, engineering, and

related services 27 4,560 468

Computer systems design and

related services 237 (D) 2,712

Management, scientific, and

technical consulting 519 1,896 1,272

Other 379 4,166 1,152

Legal services 1 302 2

Accounting, tax preparation,

bookkeeping, and payroll

services 0 (D) 20

Specialized design services 0 (D) 7

Scientific research and

development services 96 755 118

Advertising and related

services 184 2,258 764

Other professional, scientific,

and technical services 99 697 240

Other industries 1,086 (D) 14,846

Agriculture, forestry, fishing,

and hunting 0 6 25

Mining 64 1,602 3,060

Utilities 0 20,728 4,916

Construction (1) 0 6 13

Transportation and warehousing 341 3,357 2,572

Of which:

Air transportation 9 411 106

Rail transportation 0 1,050 (D)

Water transportation 139 354 1,413

Truck transportation 0 346 (D)

Support activities for

transportation 89 581 296

Management of companies and

enterprises (*) 269 604

Administration, support, and

waste management 219 4,035 836

Administrative and support

services 219 4,035 817

Of which:

Employment services 149 2,826 221

Travel arrangement and

reservation services 0 3 22

Waste management and

remediation services 0 0 19

Health care and social assistance 104 119 170

Accommodation and food services 240 3,340 2,209

Accommodation (D) 985 636

Food services and drinking

places (D) 2,355 1,573

Miscellaneous services 117 (D) 422

Educational services 53 (D) 64

Arts, entertainment, and

recreation 22 524 90

Other services (except public

administration and private

households) 42 1,071 268

Other countries

Of which:

Aus-

Total tralia Japan

(10) (11) (12)

All industries 93,375 14,903 33,277

Manufacturing 756 148 124

Of which:

Food 13 13 0

Chemicals 53 35 12

Primary and fabricated metals 0 0 0

Machinery (D) 38 0

Computers and electronic

products 459 10 59

Electrical equipment,

appliances, and components (D) 0 0

Transportation equipment (D) 50 0

Wholesale trade (D) 397 970

Of which:

Motor vehicles and motor

vehicle parts and supplies (D) 0 (D)

Professional and commercial

equipment and supplies 3,075 340 841

Retail trade (D) 0 0

Information (D) 2,678 3,336

Publishing industries (D) 569 (D)

Newspaper, periodical, book,

and database publishers (D) 253 (D)

Software publishers 2,220 315 1,133

Motion picture and sound

recording industries (D) 361 1,157

Motion picture and video

industries (D) 291 (D)

Sound recording industries 404 70 (D)

Broadcasting and telecommuni-

cations (D) 973 461

Broadcasting, cable networks,

and program distribution 285 239 6

Telecommunications (D) 734 454

Information services and data

processing services (D) 775 (D)

Information services (D) (D) (D)

Data processing services 1,227 (D) 175

Finance (except depository

institutions) and insurance 34,881 2,297 17,250

Finance (except depository

institutions) 7,335 1,881 2,874

Nondepository credit

intermediation and related

services (D) 875 1,191

Securities, commodity

contracts, and other

intermediation and related

activities 4,222 655 1,683

Funds, trusts, and other

financial vehicles (D) 352 (*)

Insurance carriers and related

activities 27,547 416 14,376

Insurance carriers, except life

insurance carriers (D) 234 (D)

Life insurance carriers 19,196 (D) 6,806

Agencies, brokerages, and other

insurance related activities (D) (D) (D)

Real estate and rental and leasing 1,127 335 482

Real estate (D) (D) 62

Rental and leasing (except real

estate) (D) (D) 420

Professional, scientific, and

technical services 19,775 (D) (D)

Architectural, engineering, and

related services 1,957 455 110

Computer systems design and

related services (D) (D) 7,966

Management, scientific, and

technical consulting (D) 396 (D)

Other 2,738 366 546

Legal services 218 13 55

Accounting, tax preparation,

bookkeeping, and payroll

services 156 (D) (D)

Specialized design services 31 (D) 0

Scientific research and

development services 697 83 (D)

Advertising and related

services 1,038 205 264

Other professional, scientific,

and technical services 596 27 107

Other industries (D) (D) (D)

Agriculture, forestry, fishing,

and hunting 18 10 0

Mining 1,728 114 7

Utilities 5,271 2,136 0

Construction (1) (D) (D) 0

Transportation and warehousing 7,298 425 615

Of which:

Air transportation 663 35 (D)

Rail transportation 131 131 0

Water transportation 1,759 44 13

Truck transportation (D) 0 7

Support activities for

transportation 2,025 140 (D)

Management of companies and

enterprises (D) 5 12

Administration, support, and

waste management 2,318 958 822

Administrative and support

services (D) 956 822

Of which:

Employment services 1,281 614 (D)

Travel arrangement and

reservation services 25 1 24

Waste management and

remediation services (D) 3 0

Health care and social assistance 64 2 0

Accommodation and food services (D) 1,119 17

Accommodation (D) 194 17

Food services and drinking

places 3,332 925 0

Miscellaneous services 1,343 446 (D)

Educational services 239 36 103

Arts, entertainment, and

recreation 174 49 78

Other services (except public

administration and private

households) 930 361 (D)

* Less than $500,000.

(D) Suppressed to avoid disclosure of data of individual companies.

MNC Multinational company

MOFA Majority-owned foreign affiliate

(1.) Because sales resulting from construction activities are recorded

as sales of goods rather than as sales of services, the sales of

services through MOFA’s in construction represent sales in secondary,

nonconstruction, industries. In 2000, sales of goods to foreign

residents by MOFA’s classified in construction were $10.5 billion.

Table 3. Sales of Services to U.S. Persons by Foreign MNC’s

Through Their Nonbank MOUSA’s, Industry of Affiliate by

Country of UBO, 2000

[Millions of dollars]

Europe

Of

which:

All

countries Canada Total France

(1) (2) (3) (4)

All industries 346,669 51,328 233,282 30,098

Manufacturing 41,593 1,394 31,853 2,565

Of which:

Food (D) 2 (D) 0

Chemicals 1,276 1 (D) (D)

Primary and fabricated

metals 722 (D) 405 0

Machinery 3,109 13 2,937 (D)

Computers and electronic

products 8,088 (D) 2,227 524

Electrical equipment,

appliances, and

components (D) 0 (D) 0

Transportation equipment (D) 76 (D) 47

Wholesale trade 10,244 139 4,348 43

Of which:

Motor vehicles and motor

vehicle parts and

supplies (D) 0 33 0

Professional and

commercial equipment and

supplies 2,960 0 1,436 0

Retail trade 409 22 203 6

Information 47,977 10,167 24,750 820

Publishing industries 17,542 (D) 13,155 710

Newspaper, periodical,

book, and database

publishers 15,248 (D) 11,300 (D)

Software publishers 2,294 171 1,854 (D)

Motion picture and sound

recording industries 12,439 (D) 603 28

Motion picture and video

industries (D) (D) (D) 28

Sound recording industries (D) (D) (D) 0

Broadcasting and

telecommunications 13,009 (D) (D) 72

Broadcasting, cable

networks, and program

distribution 169 117 (*) 0

Telecommunications 12,840 (D) (D) 72

Information services and

data processing services 4,987 9 (D) 10

Information services 4,683 (*) 3,987 0

Data processing services 304 9 (D) 10

Finance (except depository

institutions) and

insurance 107,392 16,753 85,396 8,891

Finance (except depository

institutions) 28,195 4,376 21,600 2,328

Nondepository credit

intermediation and

related services 1,076 332 360 22

Securities, commodity

contracts, and other

intermediation and

related activities 27,072 4,044 21,228 2,306

Funds, trusts, and other

financial vehicles 47 0 12 0

Insurance carriers and

related activities 79,197 12,377 63,795 6,563

Insurance carriers, except

life insurance carriers 37,498 2,919 31,897 1,475

Life insurance carriers 37,268 (D) 27,676 (D)

Agencies, brokerages, and

other insurance related

activities 4,431 (D) 4,222 (D)

Real estate and rental and

leasing 18,150 2,887 7,616 477

Real estate 14,249 2,738 4,650 202

Rental and leasing (except

real estate) 3,900 149 2,966 275

Professional, scientific, and

technical services 25,836 1,537 21,831 13,078

Architectural, engineering,

and related services 4,170 276 3,535 661

Computer systems design and

related services 4,209 594 2,288 855

Management, scientific, and

technical consulting 3,531 6 3,256 (D)

Other 13,927 660 12,753 (D)

Legal services 23 (D) (D) 0

Accounting, tax

preparation,

bookkeeping, and payroll

services 39 2 37 4

Specialized design

services 29 0 19 0

Scientific research and

development services 701 138 377 8

Advertising and related

services 12,068 245 11,565 (D)

Other professional,

scientific, and

technical services 1,066 (D) (D) (D)

Other industries 95,068 18,429 57,286 4,217

Agriculture, forestry,

fishing, and hunting 74 0 48 (*)

Mining 3,412 175 362 65

Utilities 21,899 (D) 11,756 1,685

Construction (1) 2,102 (D) 1,415 2

Transportation and

warehousing 23,933 4,759 13,159 (D)

Of which:

Air transportation 167 13 61 15

Rail transportation 2,038 (D) (D) 0

Water transportation 2,539 86 1,430 2

Truck transportation 985 (D) (D) 0

Support activities for

transportation 10,309 87 6,073 (D)

Management of companies and

enterprises 154 0 154 0

Administration, support, and

waste management 18,143 249 17,110 700

Administrative and

support services 18,003 244 16,980 571

Of which:

Employment services 10,658 0 10,646 4

Travel arrangement and

reservation services 2,080 16 1,395 454

Waste management and

remediation services 140 5 129 129

Health care and social

assistance 5,656 1,189 (D) 3

Accommodation and food

services 15,380 (D) 8,323 (D)

Accommodation (D) 77 4,001 (D)

Food services and drinking

places (D) (D) 4,322 28

Miscellaneous services 4,315 (D) (D) 51

Educational services 299 2 87 13

Arts, entertainment, and

recreation 2,588 1,315 414 20

Other services (except

public administration

and private households) 1,427 (D) (D) 19

Europe

Of which:

Nether- Switzer- United

Germany lands land Kingdom

(5) (6) (7) (8)

All industries 43,767 40,160 31,152 73,093

Manufacturing (D) (D) 589 4,228

Of which:

Food 0 0 0 (D)

Chemicals 26 14 276 48

Primary and fabricated

metals (D) 0 0 20

Machinery 124 37 74 1,099

Computers and electronic

products 79 217 2 (D)

Electrical equipment,

appliances, and

components (D) 0 223 11

Transportation equipment (D) 0 0 135

Wholesale trade 762 519 224 2,120

Of which:

Motor vehicles and motor

vehicle parts and

supplies 33 0 0 0

Professional and

commercial equipment and

supplies 17 (D) 0 914

Retail trade 0 83 0 26

Information (D) 1,755 20 15,801

Publishing industries (D) 353 (D) 6,078

Newspaper, periodical,

book, and database

publishers (D) (D) (D) 5,284

Software publishers (D) (D) (*) 794

Motion picture and sound

recording industries (D) (D) 0 (D)

Motion picture and video

industries (D) (D) 0 (D)

Sound recording industries 1 (D) 0 (D)

Broadcasting and

telecommunications (D) 69 1 (D)

Broadcasting, cable

networks, and program

distribution 0 (*) 0 0

Telecommunications (D) 69 1 (D)

Information services and

data processing services 1 (D) (D) 2,985

Information services 1 (D) (D) (D)

Data processing services 0 0 0 (D)

Finance (except depository

institutions) and

insurance 14,369 19,797 21,121 19,450

Finance (except depository

institutions) 4,096 1,886 9,080 3,971

Nondepository credit

intermediation and

related services (D) 82 10 144

Securities, commodity

contracts, and other

intermediation and

related activities (D) 1,796 9,070 3,825

Funds, trusts, and other

financial vehicles (*) 8 (*) 3

Insurance carriers and

related activities 10,273 17,911 12,041 15,478

Insurance carriers, except

life insurance carriers (D) (D) 7,403 (D)

Life insurance carriers (D) (D) (D) (D)

Agencies, brokerages, and

other insurance related

activities 0 0 (D) (D)

Real estate and rental and

leasing 2,052 1,016 198 1,939

Real estate (D) 931 198 937

Rental and leasing (except

real estate) (D) 84 1 1,002

Professional, scientific, and

technical services 351 1,315 172 5,440

Architectural, engineering,

and related services 216 510 0 1,023

Computer systems design and

related services 24 (D) 1 498

Management, scientific, and

technical consulting 85 (D) 14 563

Other 26 (D) 157 3,357

Legal services 0 0 0 13

Accounting, tax

preparation,

bookkeeping, and payroll

services 0 0 27 0

Specialized design

services 0 0 18 1

Scientific research and

development services 26 (D) (D) 159

Advertising and related

services 0 (*) 6 2,717

Other professional,

scientific, and

technical services (*) 0 (D) 466

Other industries 6,366 (D) 8,828 24,090

Agriculture, forestry,

fishing, and hunting 7 29 5 6

Mining 121 4 5 24

Utilities 1 10 0 10,007

Construction (1) (D) 0 0 176

Transportation and

warehousing 1,799 3,081 760 5,958

Of which:

Air transportation (*) (*) (*) 6

Rail transportation 1 0 0 69

Water transportation 2 (*) 142 1,235

Truck transportation 0 0 0 (D)

Support activities for

transportation 1,572 2,832 217 850

Management of companies and

enterprises 0 154 0 0

Administration, support, and

waste management 288 2,448 (D) 3,502

Administrative and

support services 288 2,448 (D) 3,502

Of which:

Employment services 27 1,697 (D) 1,736

Travel arrangement and

reservation services 3 375 1 510

Waste management and

remediation services 0 0 0 0

Health care and social

assistance (D) 2 0 0

Accommodation and food

services 141 (D) (D) 3,819

Accommodation 99 35 107 (D)

Food services and drinking

places 42 (D) (D) (D)

Miscellaneous services 50 79 19 599

Educational services 20 0 0 5

Arts, entertainment, and

recreation 22 79 2 230

Other services (except

public administration

and private households) 9 0 17 363

Other countries

Of which:

Latin

America

and Other

Western

Hemi-

sphere Total Australia

(9) (10) (11)

All industries 13,971 (D) 8,731

Manufacturing (D) (D) 61

Of which:

Food 2 75 0

Chemicals 0 (D) 0

Primary and fabricated

metals 30 (D) 0

Machinery 0 159 0

Computers and electronic

products 63 (D) 0

Electrical equipment,

appliances, and

components (D) 0 0

Transportation equipment 0 47 0

Wholesale trade 165 5,592 26

Of which:

Motor vehicles and motor

vehicle parts and

supplies 0 (D) 0

Professional and

commercial equipment and

supplies 0 1,524 0

Retail trade (D) (D) 0

Information (D) (D) (D)

Publishing industries 19 (D) 41

Newspaper, periodical,

book, and database

publishers (*) (D) (D)

Software publishers 19 240 (D)

Motion picture and sound

recording industries 10 (D) (D)

Motion picture and video

industries 10 (D) (D)

Sound recording industries 0 3 0

Broadcasting and

telecommunications (D) 312 8

Broadcasting, cable

networks, and program

distribution (D) (D) 6

Telecommunications (D) (D) 2

Information services and

data processing services 1 (D) 4

Information services 1 695 4

Data processing services 0 (D) 0

Finance (except depository

institutions) and

insurance 2,268 (D) 483

Finance (except depository

institutions) 67 (D) (D)

Nondepository credit

intermediation and

related services 8 375 (D)

Securities, commodity

contracts, and other

intermediation and

related activities 49 (D) 16

Funds, trusts, and other

financial vehicles 10 26 0

Insurance carriers and

related activities 2,201 (D) (D)

Insurance carriers, except

life insurance carriers 2,199 (D) (D)

Life insurance carriers 0 (D) (*)

Agencies, brokerages, and

other insurance related

activities 3 (D) (D)

Real estate and rental and

leasing 935 6,585 964

Real estate 919 5,818 619

Rental and leasing (except

real estate) 16 767 346

Professional, scientific, and

technical services 316 1,959 28

Architectural, engineering,

and related services 4 356 0

Computer systems design and

related services 29 (D) 28

Management, scientific, and

technical consulting 254 11 0

Other 29 (D) (*)

Legal services 0 0 0

Accounting, tax

preparation,

bookkeeping, and payroll

services 0 0 0

Specialized design

services 0 10 0

Scientific research and

development services 12 174 (*)

Advertising and related

services 0 (D) (*)

Other professional,

scientific, and

technical services 17 41 (*)

Other industries 4,564 14,507 (D)

Agriculture, forestry,

fishing, and hunting 13 12 8

Mining (D) (D) 160

Utilities 61 (D) 0

Construction (1) 42 (D) 0

Transportation and

warehousing 522 (D) 8

Of which:

Air transportation 2 91 0

Rail transportation 53 1 0

Water transportation 342 679 0

Truck transportation 0 0 0

Support activities for

transportation 111 4,038 1

Management of companies and

enterprises 0 0 0

Administration, support, and

waste management (D) 471 0

Administrative and

support services (D) 465 0

Of which:

Employment services 0 12 0

Travel arrangement and

reservation services 37 394 0

Waste management and

remediation services 0 6 0

Health care and social

assistance (D) (D) (D)

Accommodation and food

services 723 (D) 1

Accommodation 546 (D) 1

Food services and drinking

places 176 (D) (*)

Miscellaneous services 49 (D) 231

Educational services 12 198 0

Arts, entertainment, and

recreation 27 833 220

Other services (except

public administration

and private households) 10 (D) 11

Other

countries

Of which:

United

Japan States

(12) (13)

All industries 28,531 (D)

Manufacturing (D) 9

Of which:

Food 61 0

Chemicals 18 0

Primary and fabricated

metals 20 0

Machinery 109 0

Computers and electronic

products (D) 0

Electrical equipment,

appliances, and

components 0 0

Transportation equipment 47 0

Wholesale trade 5,379 0

Of which:

Motor vehicles and motor

vehicle parts and

supplies (D) 0

Professional and

commercial equipment and

supplies 1,501 0

Retail trade 70 0

Information 1,737 1,142

Publishing industries 180 9

Newspaper, periodical,

book, and database

publishers 46 0

Software publishers 133 9

Motion picture and sound

recording industries (D) (*)

Motion picture and video

industries (D) (*)

Sound recording industries 3 0

Broadcasting and

telecommunications 117 1,133

Broadcasting, cable

networks, and program

distribution (D) 0

Telecommunications (D) 1,133

Information services and

data processing services (D) 0

Information services 676 0

Data processing services (D) 0

Finance (except depository

institutions) and

insurance 2,146 (D)

Finance (except depository

institutions) 1,475 (D)

Nondepository credit

intermediation and

related services 143 0

Securities, commodity

contracts, and other

intermediation and

related activities 1,306 (D)

Funds, trusts, and other

financial vehicles 26 0

Insurance carriers and

related activities 672 (D)

Insurance carriers, except

life insurance carriers (D) (D)

Life insurance carriers (D) 0

Agencies, brokerages, and

other insurance related

activities 5 0

Real estate and rental and

leasing 3,426 126

Real estate 3,055 125

Rental and leasing (except

real estate) 371 2

Professional, scientific, and

technical services 1,260 194

Architectural, engineering,

and related services 74 0

Computer systems design and

related services 951 (D)

Management, scientific, and

technical consulting 9 3

Other 226 (D)

Legal services 0 0

Accounting, tax

preparation,

bookkeeping, and payroll

services 0 0

Specialized design

services 10 0

Scientific research and

development services 155 1

Advertising and related

services 31 (D)

Other professional,

scientific, and

technical services 30 0

Other industries (D) 282

Agriculture, forestry,

fishing, and hunting (*) 0

Mining (*) 0

Utilities (D) 0

Construction (1) (D) 0

Transportation and

warehousing 2,592 (D)

Of which:

Air transportation 57 0

Rail transportation (*) 0

Water transportation 76 2

Truck transportation 0 0

Support activities for

transportation 1,863 0

Management of companies and

enterprises 0 0

Administration, support, and

waste management 465 (D)

Administrative and

support services 460 (D)

Of which:

Employment services 12 0

Travel arrangement and

reservation services 392 238

Waste management and

remediation services 6 0

Health care and social

assistance (*) 0

Accommodation and food

services 2,891 4

Accommodation 2,282 (*)

Food services and drinking

places 609 4

Miscellaneous services 711 (*)

Educational services 191 0

Arts, entertainment, and

recreation 475 (*)

Other services (except

public administration

and private households) 46 0

* Less than $500,000.

(D) Suppressed to avoid disclosure of data of individual companies.

MNC Multinational company

MOUSA Majority-owned U.S. affiliate

UBO Ultimate beneficial owner

(1.) Because sales resulting from construction activities are recorded

as sales of goods rather than as sales of services, the sales of

services through MOUSA’s classified in construction represent sales

in secondary, nonconstruction industries. In 2000, sales of goods to

U.S. residents by MOUSA’s in construction were estimated to be $25.1

billion. These sales of goods were estimated by subtracting exports

of goods from the total sales of goods.

COPYRIGHT 2003 U.S. Government Printing Office

COPYRIGHT 2004 Gale Group