Section 7. Electricity

Section 7. Electricity – generation and sales, Aug 1998

Melvin E. Johnson

Electric Power Industry. Electricity is produced by electric utilities and nonutility power producers. Electric utilities are the traditional, highly regulated part of the industry, and nonutility power producers are the unregulated, competitive part of the industry. In general, the electric power industry is moving away from regulated entities, and the nonutility power producers are expanding rapidly.

The Energy Information Administration maintains comprehensive data about electric utilities, which still account for most electric power in the country. Less information is available about nonutility power production, but some data are beginning to become available that provide perspective on the overall industry.

While little monthly data are available on the activities of nonutility power producers, some annual data can be provided. Monthly Energy Review Tables 7.1, 7.5, and 7.6 now provide annual data about nonutility power net generation and fossil fuel consumption.

In 1997, the total electric power industry net generation was 3.5 trillion kilowatthours of electricity. Of that sum, 3.1 trillion kilowatthours, or 88 percent, was produced by electric utilities and 0.4 trillion kilowatthours, or 12 percent, from nonutility power producers. While electric utilities relied most heavily on coal for producing power, nonutilities derived most of their power from natural gas.

Electric Utility Net Generation. During August 1998, electric utilities generated 313 billion kilowatthours of electricity, 6 percent higher than in August 1997. Coal-fired generation totaled 173 billion kilowatthours, 6 percent higher than the August 1997 level. Nuclear generation totaled 60 billion kilowatthours, 1 percent: lower than the level 1 year earlier. Hydroelectric generation totaled 23 billion kilowatthours, 8 percent less than the August 1997 level. Natural gas-fired generation was 43 billion kilowatthours, 15 percent higher than the August 1997 level. Petroleum-fired generation totaled 13 billion kilowatthours, 70 percent above the level 1 year earlier.

Electric Utility Sales. Electric utility sales of electricity to all ultimate consumers in the United States in August 1998 were 316 billion kilowatthours, 8 percent higher than sales during August 1997. Sales to residential consumers totaled 120 billion kilowatthours in August 1998, 13 percent above the level 1 year earlier. Industrial sales totaled 94 billion kilowatthours in August 1998, 3 percent higher than the level of sales during the previous year. Commercial sales totaled 92 billion kilowatthours, 8 percent above the level 1 year earlier. In August 1998, other sales totaled 9 billion kilowatthours, 5 percent higher than the August 1997 level.

Electric Utility Consumption of Fossil Fuels. Electric utility consumption of coal during August 1998 was 87 million short tons, 5 percent higher than consumption in August 1997. Petroleum consumption (excluding petroleum coke) during August 1998 was 22 million barrels, 81 percent above the level of consumption in August 1997. During August 1998, electric utilities consumed 458 billion cubic feet of natural gas, 17 percent higher than the August 1997 consumption level.

Electric Utility Stocks of Coal and Petroleum. On August 31, 1998, electric utility stocks of all types of coal totaled 104 million short tons, slightly higher than the level on August 31, 1997. Stocks of petroleum (excluding petroleum coke) on August 31, 1998, totaled 48 million barrels, 4 percent above the level on August 31, 1997.

Table 7.1 Electric Power Industry Net Generation

(Million Kilowatthours)

Electric Utilities

Nuclear

Natural Electric

Coal Gas(a) Petroleum(b) Power

1973 Total 847,651 340,858 314,343 83,479

1974 Total 828,433 320,065 300,931 113,976

1975 Total 852,786 299,778 289,095 172,505

1976 Total 944,391 294,624 319,988 191,104

1977 Total 985,219 305,505 358,179 250,883

1978 Total 975,742 305,391 365,060 276,403

1979 Total 1,075,037 329,485 303,525 255,155

1980 Total 1,161,562 346,240 245,994 251,116

1981 Total 1,203,203 345,777 206,421 272,674

1982 Total 1,192,004 305,260 146,797 282,773

1983 Total 1,259,424 274,098 144,499 293,677

1984 Total 1,341,681 297,394 119,808 327,634

1985 Total 1,402,128 291,946 100,202 383,691

1986 Total 1,385,831 248,508 136,585 414,038

1987 Total 1,463,781 272,621 118,493 455,270

1988 Total 1,540,653 252,801 148,900 526,973

1989 Total 1,553,661 266,598 158,318 529,355

1990 Total 1,559,606 264,089 117,017 576,862

1991 Total 1,551,167 264,172 111,463 612,565

1992 Total 1,575,895 263,872 88,916 618,776

1993 Total 1,639,151 258,915 99,539 610,291

1994 Total 1,635,493 291,115 91,039 640,440

1995 Total 1,652,914 307,306 60,844 673,402

1996 January 152,401 16,055 7,872 62,942

February 137,501 13,327 8,244 55,928

March 138,391 15,214 6,101 55,474

April 125,206 16,612 3,201 50,325

May 134,445 25,424 3,992 55,637

June 146,069 28,730 5,582 57,498

July 158,517 34,129 7,583 60,953

August 161,782 35,233 6,330 61,477

September 142,326 27,254 4,855 54,593

October 142,625 21,812 3,359 50,612

November 145,208 16,525 4,295 52,132

December 152,983 12,414 5,933 57,159

Total 1,737,453 262,730 67,346 674,729

1997 January 161,286 13,359 8,225 58,914

February 134,998 13,475 4,479 50,658

March 137,830 18,191 4,345 50,414

April 131,744 18,870 3,926 44,883

May 136,110 22,192 4,452 47,032

June 146,009 28,456 6,728 52,095

July 167,087 40,403 9,072 57,352

August 162,384 37,237 7,711 61,084

September 151,427 32,281 7,688 52,586

October 152,004 23,276 7,094 46,981

November 146,037 17,029 6,660 51,189

December 160,890 18,855 7,374 55,457

Total 1,787,806 283,625 77,753 628,644

1998 January 156,540 16,306 6,468 57,889

February 136,324 12,861 5,733 50,999

March 144,152 18,751 8,689 53,711

April 132,153 18,455 6,833 47,503

May 145,271 27,164 9,531 51,496

June 157,503 35,082 12,149 55,732

July 173,093 42,120 13,617 61,499

August 172,548 42,878 13,106 60,369

8-Month Total 1,217,583 213,618 76,126 439,198

1997 8-Month Total 1,177,448 192,182 48,938 422,431

1996 8-Month Total 1,154,311 184,725 48,904 460,233

Electric Utilities

Hydro- Geo- Wood

electric thermal and

Energy Waste Waste Other(c)

1973 Total 272,083 1,966 328 0

1974 Total 301,032 2,453 251 0

1975 Total 300,047 3,246 191 0

1976 Total 283,707 3,616 266 0

1977 Total 220,475 3,582 481 0

1978 Total 280,419 2,978 338 0

1979 Total 279,783 3,889 498 0

1980 Total 276,021 5,073 433 0

1981 Total 260,684 5,686 368 0

1982 Total 309,213 4,843 321 0

1983 Total 332,130 6,075 379 3

1984 Total 321,150 7,741 886 12

1985 Total 281,149 9,325 1,383 16

1986 Total 290,844 10,308 1,177 18

1987 Total 249,695 10,775 1,477 14

1988 Total 222,940 10,300 1,674 10

1989 Total 265,063 9,342 1,965 3

1990 Total 279,926 8,581 2,067 3

1991 Total 275,519 8,087 2,046 4

1992 Total 239,559 8,104 2,093 3

1993 Total 265,063 7,571 1,990 4

1994 Total 243,693 6,941 1,988 4

1995 Total 293,653 4,745 1,649 15

1996 January 28,831 354 148 1

February 29,850 361 136 (s)

March 32,221 339 159 1

April 30,420 385 123 1

May 31,645 258 139 2

June 30,191 387 169 2

July 27,352 555 188 2

August 24,835 574 172 1

September 20,706 496 165 1

October 21,165 531 203 1

November 21,956 538 190 (s)

December 28,798 456 174 (s)

Total 327,970 5,234 1,967 13

1997 January 31,049 414 162 (s)

February 29,840 310 148 (s)

March 33,286 438 155 1

April 30,436 484 169 1

May 32,709 471 177 1

June 32,762 385 152 1

July 30,034 512 167 1

August 25,462 505 173 1

September 22,031 482 153 1

October 23,240 477 193 1

November 22,166 475 170 0

December 24,219 516 166 0

Total 337,233 5,469 1,983 9

1998 January 27,518 491 172 0

February 28,814 390 145 0

March 30,391 487 169 0

April 27,376 320 167 0

May 31,020 288 182 0

June 30,248 354 129 1

July 26,734 448 172 1

August 23,308 483 176 1

8-Month Total 225,409 3,262 1,311 3

1997 8-Month Total 245,576 3,519 1,302 8

1996 8-Month Total 235,345 3,213 1,235 10

Total

Nonutility Electric

Power Power

Total Producers Industry

1973 Total 1,860,710 NA NA

1974 Total 1,867,140 NA NA

1975 Total 1,917,649 NA NA

1976 Total 2,037,696 NA NA

1977 Total 2,124,323 NA NA

1978 Total 2,206,331 NA NA

1979 Total 2,247,372 NA NA

1980 Total 2,286,439 NA NA

1981 Total 2,294,812 NA NA

1982 Total 2,241,211 NA NA

1983 Total 2,310,285 NA NA

1984 Total 2,416,304 NA NA

1985 Total 2,469,841 NA NA

1986 Total 2,487,310 NA NA

1987 Total 2,572,127 NA NA

1988 Total 2,704,250 NA NA

1989 Total 2,784,304 183,943 2,968,247

1990 Total 2,808,151 213,046 3,021,197

1991 Total 2,825,023 243,503 3,068,526

1992 Total 2,797,219 286,148 3,083,367

1993 Total 2,882,525 314,399 3,196,924

1994 Total 2,910,712 343,087 3,253,799

1995 Total 2,994,529 363,308 3,357,837

1996 January 268,604 NA NA

February 245,347 NA NA

March 247,900 NA NA

April 226,273 NA NA

May 251,543 NA NA

June 268,626 NA NA

July 289,279 NA NA

August 290,404 NA NA

September 250,397 NA NA

October 240,308 NA NA

November 240,844 NA NA

December 257,917 NA NA

Total 3,077,442 369,656 3,447,098

1997 January 273,410 NA NA

February 233,907 NA NA

March 244,659 NA NA

April 230,512 NA NA

May 243,143 NA NA

June 266,588 NA NA

July 304,628 NA NA

August 294,557 NA NA

September 266,649 NA NA

October 253,267 NA NA

November 243,726 NA NA

December 267,477 NA NA

Total 3,122,522 (E)407,026 (E)3,529,549

1998 January 265,384 NA NA

February 235,266 NA NA

March 256,351 NA NA

April 232,807 NA NA

May 264,952 NA NA

June 291,197 NA NA

July 317,684 NA NA

August 312,868 NA NA

8-Month Total 2,176,509 NA NA

1997 8-Month Total 2,091,404 NA NA

1996 8-Month Total 2,087,977 NA NA

(a) Includes supplemental gaseous fuel.

(b) Includes fuel oil nos. 1, 2, 4, 5, and 6, crude oil, kerosene, and petroleum coke.

(c) “Other” is electricity produced from wind, photovoltaic, and solar thermal energy sources connected to electric utility distribution systems.

NA = Not available.

E = Estimate.

(s) = Less than 500 thousand kilowatthours.

Notes: * Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. * Geographic coverage is the 50 States and the District of Columbia.

Sources: See end of section.

See Table 7.5 for nonutility power producers’ annual net generation of electricity by source.

Table 7.2 Electric Utility Retail Sales of Electricity by End-Use Sector (Million Kilowatthours)

Residential Commercial Industrial

1973 Total 579,231 388,266 686,085

1974 Total 578,184 384,826 684,875

1975 Total 588,140 403,049 687,680

1976 Total 606,452 425,094 754,069

1977 Total 645,239 446,514 786,037

1978 Total 674,466 461,163 809,078

1979 Total 682,819 473,307 841,903

1980 Total 717,495 488,155 815,067

1981 Total 722,265 514,338 825,743

1982 Total 729,520 526,397 744,949

1983 Total 750,948 543,788 775,999

1984 Total 780,092 582,621 837,836

1985 Total 793,934 605,989 836,772

1986 Total 819,088 630,520 830,531

1987 Total 850,410 660,433 858,233

1988 Total 892,866 699,100 896,498

1989 Total 905,525 725,861 925,659

1990 Total 924,019 751,027 945,522

1991 Total 955,417 765,664 946,583

1992 Total 935,939 761,271 972,714

1993 Total 994,781 794,573 977,164

1994 Total 1,008,482 820,269 1,007,981

1995 Total 1,042,501 862,685 1,012,693

1996 January 108,619 72,499 82,610

February 96,116 69,524 82,245

March 87,038 69,328 84,610

April 74,613 65,961 81,902

May 74,537 70,619 86,376

June 90,945 78,244 88,245

July 106,124 82,882 88,318

August 105,556 84,927 90,513

September 91,584 79,093 88,113

October 75,377 73,076 88,358

November 78,253 69,526 84,862

December 93,729 71,746 84,205

Total 1,082,491 887,425 1,030,356

1997 January 105,713 75,289 83,506

February 89,890 69,385 81,306

March 81,094 69,779 82,774

April 72,450 68,630 83,840

May 70,493 70,237 86,049

June 83,249 78,713 88,794

July 108,895 87,625 88,171

August 106,543 85,386 90,983

September 94,422 82,986 89,714

October 83,784 79,181 88,622

November 79,672 71,580 84,885

December 95,365 74,492 83,894

Total 1,071,569 913,283 1,032,538

1998 January 102,797 74,908 83,370

February 86,837 69,979 83,498

March 86,119 72,507 85,357

April 74,268 1,246 85,153

May 77,650 75,964 90,268

June 98,806 84,249 90,922

July 121,311 91,009 89,527

August 120,061 92,473 94,031

8-Month Total 767,849 631,798 702,125

1997 8-Month Total 718,326 605,043 685,423

1996 8-Month Total 743,547 593,984 684,819

Other(a) Total

1973 Total 59,326 1,712,909

1974 Total 58,039 1,705,924

1975 Total 68,222 1,747,091

1976 Total 69,631 1,855,246

1977 Total 70,571 1,948,361

1978 Total 73,215 2,017,922

1979 Total 73,070 2,071,099

1980 Total 73,732 2,094,449

1981 Total 84,756 2,147,103

1982 Total 85,575 2,086,441

1983 Total 80,219 2,150,955

1984 Total 85,248 2,285,796

1985 Total 87,279 2,323,974

1986 Total 88,615 2,368,753

1987 Total 88,196 2,457,272

1988 Total 89,598 2,578,062

1989 Total 89,765 2,646,809

1990 Total 91,988 2,712,555

1991 Total 94,339 2,762,003

1992 Total 93,442 2,763,365

1993 Total 94,944 2,861,462

1994 Total 97,830 2,934,563

1995 Total 95,407 3,013,287

1996 January 8,173 271,901

February 7,956 255,841

March 7,776 248,752

April 7,590 230,065

May 7,855 239,386

June 8,195 265,629

July 8,367 285,690

August 8,597 289,592

September 8,955 267,744

October 8.14 244,951

November 7,879 240,520

December 8,058 257,738

Total 97,539 3,097,810

1997 January 8,138 272,646

February 7,805 248,385

March 7,508 241,155

April 7,507 232,427

May 7,624 234,403

June 8,094 258,851

July 8,699 293,389

August 8,634 291,546

September 8,866 275,988

October 8,648 260,235

November 7,990 244,127

December 7,991 261,742

Total 97,504 3,114,894

1998 January 8,270 269,345

February 7,515 247,828

March 7,896 251,879

April 7,757 237,888

May 8,046 251,927

June 8,497 282,474

July 8,610 310,456

August 9,060 315,625

8-Month Total 65,651 2,167,423

1997 8-Month Total 64,009 2,072,802

1996 8-Month Total 64,507 2,086,857

(a) “Other” is public street and highway lighting, other sales to public authorities, sales to railroads and railways, and interdepartmental sales.

Notes: * Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding * Geographic coverage is the 50 States and the District of Columbia.

Sources: See end of section.

Please Read: This table reports electric utility retail sales of electricity. Retail sales include electricity that the utilities, purchased from nonutility power producers (NUPP) for resale to the end-use sectors. It does not include NUPP-produced electricity for their own use (266,399 million kilowatthours estimated for 1997) or sold directly to other end-users (14,320 million kilowatthours estimated for 1997). See EIA’s Electric Power Annual 1996, Volume II, the “U.S. Nonutility Power Producers” chapter for additional information.

Table 7.3 Electric Utility Consumption of Fossil Fuels To

Generate Electricity

Coal

Anthra- Bituminous

cite Coal Lignite Total

Thousand Short Tons

1973 Total 1,443 376,975 10,794 389,212

1974 Total 1,498 378,643 11,670 391,811

1975 Total 1,480 388,523 15,960 405,962

1976 Total 1,350 425,205 21,817 448,371

1977 Total 1,425 451,051 24,650 477,126

1978 Total 1,064 448,763 31,407 481,235

1979 Total 1,046 488,129 37,876 527,051

1980 Total 951 526,680 41,642 569,274

1981 Total 1,221 550,784 44,792 596,797

1982 Total 1,075 543,346 49,245 593,666

1983 Total 1,036 570,108 54,067 625,211

1984 Total 1,070 606,339 56,990 664,399

1985 Total 1,033 631,885 60,923 693,841

1986 Total 829 616,134 68,093 685,056

1987 Total 972 647,824 69,098 717,894

1988 Total 1,063 681,048 76,260 758,372

1989 Total 1,049 688,504 77,335 766,888

1990 Total 1,031 694,317 78,201 773,549

1991 Total 994 691,275 79,999 772,268

1992 Total 986 698,626 80,248 779,860

1993 Total 951 732,736 79,821 813,508

1994 Total 1,123 737,102 79,045 817,270

1995 Total 978 749,951 78,078 829,007

1996 January 87 69,455 7,282 76,824

February 79 62,555 6,470 69,103

March 88 62,534 6,439 69,061

April 77 57,224 5,032 62,334

May 87 61,321 5,981 67,390

June 86 66,642 6,759 73,487

July 89 73,036 7,204 80,330

August 97 74,140 7,120 81,357

September 97 65,500 6,325 71,922

October 66 65,199 6,309 71,575

November 63 67,059 6,409 73,531

December 92 70,586 7,091 77,769

Total 1,009 795,252 78,421 874,681

1997 January 97 74,109 7,082 81,288

February 86 61,786 6,204 68,076

March 89 63,573 5,728 69,389

April 93 60,372 4,831 65,296

May 72 62,201 6,129 68,402

June 75 67,036 6,852 73,963

July 91 77,514 7,122 84,727

August 82 75,403 7,146 82,631

September 85 69,710 6,537 76,332

October 88 69,729 6,415 76,232

November 67 66,904 6,392 73,362

December 89 73,486 7,086 80,661

Total 1,014 821,823 77,524 900,361

1998 January 84 72,435 7,051 79,571

February 75 63,091 5,960 69,127

March 84 66,667 5,050 71,800

April 75 61,587 4,730 66,392

May 83 67,175 5,551 72,809

June 74 73,534 5,890 79,499

July 70 80,841 6,611 87,521

August 58 80,743 6,334 87,135

8-Month Total 604 566,073 47,178 613,855

1997 8-Month Total 685 541,994 51,094 593,773

1996 8-Month Total 691 526,907 52,286 579,884

Petroleum

By Type By Prime

of Petroleum Mover Type

Heavy Light Steam

Oil(a) Oil(b) Plants GT/IC(c)

Thousand Barrels

1973 Total NA NA 513,190 47,058

1974 Total NA NA 483,146 53,126

1975 Total NA NA 467,221 38,907

1976 Total NA NA 514,077 41,843

1977 Total NA NA 574,869 48,837

1978 Total NA NA 588,319 47,520

1979 Total NA NA 492,606 30,691

1980 Total 391,163 29,051 401,863 18,351

1981 Total 329,798 21,313 339,680 11,431

1982 Total 234,434 15,337 243,537 6,234

1983 Total 228,984 16,512 237,845 7,652

1984 Total 189,289 15,190 197,050 7,429

1985 Total 158,779 14,635 166,842 6,572

1986 Total 216,156 14,326 222,500 7,983

1987 Total 184,011 15,367 190,818 8,560

1988 Total 229,327 18,769 235,817 12,279

1989 Total 241,960 25,491 250,315 17,136

1990 Total 181,231 14,823 187,531 8,523

1991 Total 171,157 13,729 177,286 7,600

1992 Total 135,779 11,556 141,163 6,172

1993 Total 149,287 13,168 154,905 7,549

1994 Total 134,666 16,338 140,907 10,097

1995 Total 86,584 15,565 92,131 10,019

1996 January 11,410 1,967 NA NA

February 11,857 2,514 NA NA

March 8,782 1,593 NA NA

April 4,344 1,001 NA NA

May 5,256 1,354 NA NA

June 8,353 1,083 NA NA

July 11,444 1,322 NA NA

August 9,031 1,123 NA NA

September 6,821 1,193 NA NA

October 4,509 1,076 NA NA

November 6,055 1,113 NA NA

December 8,520 1,553 NA NA

Total 96,382 16,892 NA NA

1997 January 11,944 1,708 NA NA

February 6,282 861 NA NA

March 6,050 852 NA NA

April 5,121 1,060 NA NA

May 6,124 967 NA NA

June 9,707 1,397 NA NA

July 12,502 2,605 NA NA

August 10,808 1,372 NA NA

September 11,005 1,053 NA NA

October 10,237 1,118 NA NA

November 9,647 1,053 NA NA

December 10,564 1,110 NA NA

Total 109,989 15,157 NA NA

1998 January 9,014 1,226 NA NA

February 8,186 933 NA NA

March 12,709 1,235 NA NA

April 9,723 1,011 NA NA

May 13,365 2,045 NA NA

June 16,804 3,213 NA NA

July 19,257 3,498 NA NA

August 18,757 3,337 NA NA

8-Month Total 107,813 16,498 NA NA

1997 8-Month Total 68,537 10,822 NA NA

1996 8-Month Total 70,477 11,957 NA NA

Total Petroleum Natural

Liquids Coke Gas(d)

Thousand Million

Short Tons Cubic Feet

1973 Total 560,248 507 3,660,172

1974 Total 536,274 625 3,443,428

1975 Total 506,128 70 3,157,669

1976 Total 555,920 68 3,080,868

1977 Total 623,705 98 3,191,200

1978 Total 635,839 398 3,188,363

1979 Total 523,297 268 3,490,523

1980 Total 420,214 179 3,681,595

1981 Total 351,111 139 3,640,154

1982 Total 249,771 149 3,225,518

1983 Total 245,497 261 2,910,767

1984 Total 204,479 252 3,111,342

1985 Total 173,414 231 3,044,083

1986 Total 230,482 313 2,602,370

1987 Total 199,378 348 2,844,051

1988 Total 248,096 409 2,635,613

1989 Total 267,451 517 2,787,012

1990 Total 196,054 819 2,787,332

1991 Total 184,886 722 2,789,014

1992 Total 147,335 999 2,765,608

1993 Total 162,454 1,220 2,682,440

1994 Total 151,004 875 2,987,146

1995 Total 102,150 761 3,196,507

1996 January 13,376 62 168,408

February 14,370 47 136,531

March 10,375 39 156,076

April 5,346 44 169,514

May 6,610 49 264,183

June 9,436 48 299,413

July 12,766 71 357,600

August 10,154 86 367,063

September 8,014 71 284,744

October 5,585 59 226,376

November 7,167 51 169,829

December 10,073 55 132,372

Total 113,274 681 2,732,107

1997 January 13,652 56 139,036

February 7,143 55 143,185

March 6,902 35 189,590

April 6,181 103 193,416

May 7,091 135 231,548

June 11,104 144 297,424

July 15,107 144 429,286

August 12,180 160 391,090

September 12,058 161 332,781

October 11,354 140 244,394

November 10,700 135 179,723

December 11,674 132 196,980

Total 125,146 1,400 2,968,453

1998 January 10,240 156 170,946

February 9,119 122 133,700

March 13,944 125 194,113

April 10,734 143 190,266

May 15,410 146 293,378

June 20,016 167 379,024

July 22,755 176 448,875

August 22,094 165 457,551

8-Month Total 124,312 1,200 2,267,853

1997 8-Month Total 79,359 832 2,014,574

1996 8-Month Total 82,434 446 1,918,786

(a) Heavy oil includes fuel oil nos. 4, 5, and 6, and residual fuel oils.

(b) Light oil includes fuel oil nos. 1 and 2, kerosene, and jet fuel,

(c) GT/IC = Gas turbine and internal combustion plants.

(d) Includes supplemental gaseous fuels.

NA = Not available.

Notes: * Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. * Geographic coverage is the 50 States and the District of Columbia.

Sources: See end of section.

This table reports consumption of fossil fuels by electric utilities and does not include nonutility power producers, Please see Table 7.6 for annual consumption of fossil fuels by nonutility power producers.

Table 7.4 Electric Utility Stocks of Coal and Petroleum,

End of Period

Coal

Bituminous

Anthracite Coal Lignite Total

Thousands Short Tons

1973 Total 1,066 84,941 961 86,967

1974 Total 930 81,712 867 83,509

1975 Total 982 107,927 1,815 110,724

1976 Total 1,000 114,130 2,306 117,436

1977 Total 2,321 128,210 2,688 133,219

1978 Total 2,178 123,020 3,027 128,225

1979 Total 3,274 152,981 3,459 159,714

1980 Total 4,741 174,154 4,115 183,010

1981 Total 5,537 158,258 5,098 168,893

1982 Total 6,080 170,480 4,573 181,132

1983 Total 6,507 145,250 3,841 155,598

1984 Total 6,710 167,118 5,899 179,727

1985 Total 7,189 142,144 7,043 156,376

1986 Total 7,099 148,665 6,042 161,806

1987 Total 6,940 156,670 7,187 170,797

1988 Total 6,561 133,434 6,512 146,507

1989 Total 6,403 122,967 6,490 135,860

1990 Total 6,499 142,650 7,016 156,166

1991 Total 6,513 145,367 5,996 157,876

1992 Total 6,215 142,156 5,759 154,130

1993 Total 5,639 98,560 7,142 111,341

1994 Total 4,879 115,325 6,693 126,897

1995 Total 4,325 116,749 5,231 126,304

1996 January 4,243 108,151 5,334 117,728

February 4,090 105,817 5,646 115,553

March 4,128 107,771 5,579 117,478

April 4,080 115,991 5,980 126,051

May 4,026 120,977 5,800 130,803

June 3,969 117,658 5,487 127,113

July 3,911 110,859 5,445 120,215

August 3,853 108,638 5,408 117,899

September 3,792 110,376 5,305 119,473

October 3,765 114,657 5,327 123,749

November 3,762 111,365 5,384 120,512

December 3,687 105,807 5,129 114,623

1997 January 3,609 98,043 4,969 106,621

February 3,544 98,878 5,391 107,813

March 3,479 104,650 5,599 113,727

April 3,417 109,124 5,723 118,263

May 3,374 114,257 5,760 123,391

June 3,323 111,761 5,704 120,787

July 3,275 100,691 5,725 109,690

August 3,228 94,896 5,599 103,724

September 3,166 93,456 5,496 102,119

October 3,118 93,309 6,009 102,436

November 3,075 92,566 5,093 100,735

December 3,021 90,905 4,900 98,826

1998 January 2,958 92,425 5,019 100,402

February 2,906 96,107 4,890 103,902

March 2,846 99,839 4,855 107,540

April 2,803 108,085 5,095 115,983

May 2,743 111,954 5,382 120,078

June 2,699 110,499 5,056 118,254

July 2,672 102,246 4,852 109,770

August 2,655 96,384 4,960 103,998

Petroleum

By Type By Prime

of Petroleum Mover Type

Heavy Light Steam

Oil(a) Oil(b) Plants GT/IC(c)

Thousand Barrels

1973 Total NA NA 79,121 10,095

1974 Total NA NA 97,718 15,199

1975 Total NA NA 108,825 16,432

1976 Total NA NA 106,993 14,703

1977 Total NA NA 124,750 19,281

1978 Total NA NA 102,402 16,386

1979 Total NA NA 111,121 20,301

1980 Total 105,351 30,023 117,227 18,147

1981 Total 102,042 26,094 112,380 15,756

1982 Total 95,515 23,369 105,287 13,597

1983 Total 70,573 18,801 78,285 11,090

1984 Total 68,503 19,116 76,836 10,784

1985 Total 57,304 16,386 64,704 8,985

1986 Total 56,841 16,269 64,258 8,853

1987 Total 55,069 15,759 61,705 9,123

1988 Total 54,187 15,099 60,311 8,974

1989 Total 47,446 13,824 53,309 7,962

1990 Total 67,030 16,471 73,306 10,195

1991 Total 58,636 16,357 65,032 9,961

1992 Total 56,135 15,714 62,374 9,475

1993 Total 46,769 15,674 53,360 9,083

1994 Total 46,342 16,644 52,814 10,172

1995 Total 35,102 15,392 40,992 9,503

1996 January 34,383 15,067 NA NA

February 30,715 14,495 NA NA

March 28,915 13,694 NA NA

April 31,507 13,428 NA NA

May 32,421 13,521 NA NA

June 32,110 14,239 NA NA

July 31,884 14,461 NA NA

August 32,718 14,651 NA NA

September 31,487 14,270 NA NA

October 33,269 14,490 NA NA

November 33,108 14,600 NA NA

December 32,473 15,216 NA NA

1997 January 29,742 14,766 NA NA

February 31,372 14,901 NA NA

March 31,425 15,226 NA NA

April 32,534 14,625 NA NA

May 33,213 14,685 NA NA

June 32,129 14,824 NA NA

July 30,990 14,820 NA NA

August 30,872 14,823 NA NA

September 29,064 14,832 NA NA

October 30,115 15,049 NA NA

November 32,255 15,214 NA NA

December 33,336 15,456 NA NA

1998 January 33,928 15,908 NA NA

February 33,898 15,789 NA NA

March 31,205 15,353 NA NA

April 35,036 16,051 NA NA

May 32,936 14,668 NA NA

June 30,056 14,490 NA NA

July 31,660 15,064 NA NA

August 32,627 15,093 NA NA

Total Petroleum

Liquids Coke

Thousand

Short Tons

1973 Total 89,216 312

1974 Total 112,917 35

1975 Total 125,257 31

1976 Total 121,696 32

1977 Total 144,031 44

1978 Total 118,788 198

1979 Total 131,422 183

1980 Total 135,374 52

1981 Total 128,136 42

1982 Total 118,884 41

1983 Total 89,375 55

1984 Total 87,619 50

1985 Total 73,689 49

1986 Total 73,111 40

1987 Total 70,827 51

1988 Total 69,285 86

1989 Total 61,270 105

1990 Total 83,501 94

1991 Total 74,993 70

1992 Total 71,849 67

1993 Total 62,443 89

1994 Total 62,986 69

1995 Total 50,495 65

1996 January 49,451 61

February 45,211 57

March 42,609 53

April 44,935 47

May 45,942 38

June 46,349 64

July 46,345 47

August 47,369 35

September 45,757 27

October 47,758 45

November 47,708 62

December 47,690 91

1997 January 44,508 136

February 46,273 159

March 46,651 177

April 47,158 221

May 47,898 253

June 46,953 229

July 45,810 308

August 45,694 293

September 43,896 308

October 45,163 439

November 47,469 450

December 48,792 469

1998 January 49,837 403

February 49,687 358

March 46,558 418

April 51,087 498

May 47,605 501

June 44,545 683

July 46,724 577

August 47,720 623

(a) Heavy oil includes fuel oil nos. 4, 5, and 6, and residual fuel oils.

(b) Light oil includes fuel oil nos. 1 and 2, kerosene, and jet fuel.

(c) GT/IC = Gas turbine and internal combustion plants.

NA = Not available.

Notes: * Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. * Geographic coverage is the 50 States and the District of Columbia.

Sources: See end of section.

Table 7.5 Nonutility Power Net Generation of Electricity

(Million Kilowatthours)

Natural Other

Coal(a) Gas(b) Gas(c) Petroleum(d)

1989 Total 30,163 96,983 (b) 5,543

1990 Total 30,699 113,835 (b) 7,031

1991 Total 38,773 128,230 (b) 7,494

1992 Total 45,189 154,429 (b) 10,508

1993 Total 50,859 169,502 (b) 12,814

1994 Total 56,197 174,813 12,111 14,464

1995 Total 57,261 191,235 13,569 14,416

1996 Total 58,304 193,155 14,315 14,329

1997 Total (E)64,324 (E)213,533 (E)14,674 (E)16,548

Nuclear Hydro- Goo- Wood(g)

Electric electric thermal and

Power(e) Power(f) Energy Waste(h)

1989 Total 47 7,053 5,254 34,909

1990 Total 113 8,071 7,018 40,761

1991 Total 77 8,098 7,773 46,221

1992 Total 65 9,352 8,318 51,264

1993 Total 76 11,396 9,454 53,318

1994 Total 52 13,095 9,816 54,898

1995 Total 0 14,626 9,614 54,962

1996 Total 0 16,390 9,892 55,400

1997 Total (E)0 (E)18,515 (E)10,876 (E)59,789

Other(i) Total

1989 Total 3,990 183,943

1990 Total 5,518 213,046

1991 Total 6,637 243,503

1992 Total 7,023 286,148

1993 Total 6,981 314,399

1994 Total 7,640 343,087

1995 Total 7,625 363,308

1996 Total 7,872 369,656

1997 Total (E)8,767 (E)407,026

(a) Coal, anthracite culm, and coal waste.

(b) “Other Gas” data are included in “Natural Gas” for 1989-1993.

(c) Butane, methane, propane, waste heat, and waste gases.

(d) Petroleum, petroleum coke, diesel, kerosene, petroleum sludge and tar.

(e) Nuclear reactor and generator at Argonne National Laboratory used primarily for research and development in testing reactor fuels as well as for training. Generation from the unit is for internal consumption.

(f) Conventional hydropower only; there are no pumped storage projects among the nonutility power producers.

(g) Wood, wood waste, peat, wood liquors, railroad ties, pitch, and wood sludge.

(h) Municipal solid waste, agricultural waste, straw, tires, landfill gases, and other waste.

(i) Wind, photovoltaic, and solar thermal energy; and hydrogen, sulfur, batteries, chemicals, fish oil, and spent liquor.

(E) = Estimate.

Note: Total may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

Sources: Energy Information Administration, estimated from Form EIA-867, “Annual Nonutility Power Producer Report.”

Table 7.6 Electric Power Industry Consumption of Fossil Fuels To Generate Electricity

Coal

Nonutility

Electric Power

Utilities Producers(b) Total

Thousand Short Tons

1989 Total 766,888 30,762 797,650

1990 Total 773,549 32,300 805,849

1991 Total 772,268 38,113 810,381

1992 Total 779,860 44,607 824,467

1993 Total 813,508 48,343 861,851

1994 Total 817,270 52,261 869,531

1995 Total 829,007 50,328 879,335

1996 Total 874,681 (R)53,199 (R)927,880

1997 Total 900,361 (R)51,781 (R)952,142

Petroleum Natural Gas

Nonutility

Electric Power Electric

Utilities(c) Producers(d) Total Utilities(e)

Thousand Barrel

1989 Total 270,038 28,377 298,415 2,787,012

1990 Total 200,152 28,980 229,132 2,787,332

1991 Total 188,494 29,509 218,003 2,769,014

1992 Total 152,329 34,626 186,955 2,765,608

1993 Total 168,556 40,142 208,698 2,682,440

1994 Total 155,377 46,630 202,007 2,987,146

1995 Total 105,956 39,219 145,175 3,196,507

1996 Total 116,680 (R)42,928 (R)159,608 2,732,107

1997 Total 132,147 (R)38,979 (R)171,126 2,968,453

Natural Gas Other Gas(a)

Nonutility Nonutility

Power Power

Producers Total Producers

Million Cubic Feet

1989 Total 1,181,015 3,968,027 1,225,951

1990 Total 1,386,741 4,174,073 1,279,176

1991 Total 1,569,850 4,358,864 1,364,697

1992 Total 1,844,857 4,610,465 1,587,632

1993 Total 2,013,788 4,696,228 1,681,916

1994 Total 2,149,246 5,136,392 1,591,051

1995 Total 2,303,944 5,500,451 1,611,993

1996 Total (R)2,447,720 (R)5,179,827 (R)1,737,271

1997 Total (R)2,247,613 (R)5,216,066 (R)1,372,001

(a) Butane, methane, propane, and other gases.

(b) Coal, anthracite culm, and coal waste.

(c) Includes petroleum coke (converted at 5 barrels per short ton).

(d) Petroleum, diesel, kerosene, petroleum sludge, and tar. Does not include petroleum coke, which, in thousand barrels, was 23,700 in 1994; 20,940 in 1995; 22,420 in 1996; and an estimated 21,575 in 1997.

(e) Includes supplemental gaseous fuels.

Note: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

Sources: * Electric Utilities: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Electric Power Monthly, November 1998, Table 14. * Nonutility Power Producers: 1989-1992: EIA, estimated from Form EIA-867, “Annual Nonutility Power Producer Report” data. 1993 forward–EIA, Electric Power Annual 1997, Volume II (October 1998), Table 51.

Sources for Table 7.1

Electric Utilities

1973-September 1977–Federal Power Commission Form FPC-4, “Monthly Power Plant Report.”

October 1977-1979–Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Form FPC-4, “Monthly Power Plant Report.”

1980–Energy Information Administration (EIA), Electric Power Monthly, March 1991, Table 4, and (for geothermal energy and other) FERC, Form FPC-4, “Monthly Power Plant Report.”

1981–EIA, Electric Power Monthly, March 1992, Table 4, and (for geothermal energy and other) FERC, Form FPC-4, “Monthly Power Plant Report.”

1982–EIA, Electric Power Monthly, March 1993, Table 4, and (for geothermal energy and other) EIA, Form EIA-759, “Monthly Power Plant Report.”

1983-1989–EIA, Electric Power Monthly, March 1994, Table 4, and (for geothermal energy and other) EIA, Form EIA-759, “Monthly Power Plant Report.”

1990 forward–EIA, Electric Power Monthly, November 1998, Tables 4 and 5.

Nonutility Power Producers

EIA, estimated from Form EIA-867, “Annual Nonutility Power Producer Report.”

Total Electric Power Industry

Sum of Electric Utilities and Nonutility Power Producers

Sources for Table 7.2

1973-September 1977–Federal Power Commission (FPC), Form FPC-5, “Monthly Statement of Electric Operating Revenue and Income.”

October 1977-February 1980–Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Form FPC-5, “Monthly Statement of Electric Operating Revenue and Income.”

March 1980-1982–FERC, Form FPC-5, “Electric Utility Company Monthly Statement.”

1983–Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-826, “Electric Utility Company Monthly Statement.”

1984-1987–EIA, Form EIA-861, “Annual Electric Utility Report.”

1988 forward–EIA, Electric Power Monthly, November 1998, Table 44.

Sources for Table 7.3

Prime Mover Type Data

1973-September 1977–Federal Power Commission (FPC), Form FPC-4, “Monthly Power Plant Report.”

October 1977-1981–Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Form FPC-4, “Monthly Power Plant Report.”

1982 forward–Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-759, “Monthly Power Plant Report.”

All Other Data

1973-September 1977–FPC, Form FPC-4, “Monthly Power Plant Report.”

October 1977-1979–FERC, Form FPC-4, “Monthly Power Plant Report.”

1980-1987–EIA, Electric Power Monthly, March issues.

1988 forward–EIA, Electric Power Monthly, November 1998, Table 14.

Sources for Table 7.4

Prime Mover Type Data

1973-September 1977–Federal Power Commission (FPC), Form FPC-4, “Monthly Power Plant Report.”

October 1977-1981–Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Form FPC-4, “Monthly Power Plant Report.”

1982 forward–Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-759, “Monthly Power Plant Report.”

All Other Data

1973-September 1977–FPC, Form FPC-4, “Monthly Power Plant Report.”

October 1977-1979–FERC, Form FPC-4 “Monthly Power Plant Report.”

1980-1987–EIA, Electric Power Monthly, March issues.

1988 forward–EIA, Electric Power Monthly, November 1998, Table 21.

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