Section 2. Energy consumption by sector

Section 2. Energy consumption by sector

U.S. total energy consumption in February 2003 was 8.4 quadrillion Btu, 6 percent higher than in February 2002.

Residential sector total consumption was 2.2 quadrillion Btu in February 2003, 15 percent higher than the February 2002 level. The sector accounted for 26 percent of total energy consumption.

Commercial sector total consumption was 1.5 quadrillion Btu in February 2003, 5 percent higher than the February 2002 level. The sector accounted for 18 percent of total energy consumption.

Industrial sector total consumption was 2.7 quadrillion Btu in February 2003, 3 percent higher than the February 2002 level. The sector accounted for 32 percent of total energy consumption.

Transportation sector total consumption was 2.0 quadrillion Btu in February 2003, 3 percent higher than the February 2002 level. The sector accounted for 24 percent of total energy consumption.

Electric power sector primary consumption was 2.9 quadrillion Btu in February 2003, 6 percent higher than the February 2002 level. Fossil fuels accounted for 68 percent of all primary energy consumed by the electric power sector; nuclear electric power 22 percent; and renewable energy 10 percent.

Figure 2.1 Energy Consumption by Sector (Quadrillion Btu)

Total Consumption by End-Use Sector, 1973-2002

[GRAPHIC OMITTED]

Total Consumption by End-Use Sector, Monthly

[GRAPHIC OMITTED]

By Sector, February 2003

Primary Consumption Total Consumption

Residential 1.037 2.203

Commercial 0.539 1.505

Industrial 1.909 2.721

Transportation 2.004 2.009

Electric Power 2.948

Note: Because vertical scales differ, graphs should not be compared.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/consump.html.

Source: Table 2.1.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Table 2.1 Energy Consumption by Sector

(Quadrillion Btu)

End-Use Sectors

Residential Commercial (a)

Primary Total Primary Total

1973 Total 8.250 14.930 4.381 9.507

1974 Total 7.928 14.683 4.221 9.363

1975 Total 8.006 14.842 4.023 9.466

1976 Total 8.408 15.441 4.333 10.035

1977 Total 8.207 15.689 4.217 10.177

1978 Total 8.272 16.156 4.269 10.481

1979 Total 7.934 15.842 4.333 10.627

1980 Total 7.504 15.848 4.097 10.594

1981 Total 7.103 15.353 3.831 10.638

1982 Total 7.163 15.577 3.859 10.880

1983 Total 6.834 15.459 3.827 10.952

1984 Total 6.990 15.775 3.991 11.465

1985 Total 6.988 15.925 3.712 11.468

1986 Total 6.807 15.922 3.652 11.605

1987 Total 6.841 16.228 3.743 11.956

1988 Total 7.246 17.066 3.951 12.574

1989 Total 7.492 (R) 17.771 3.955 (R) 13.159

1990 Total 6.457 (R) 16.896 3.813 (R) 13.284

1991 Total 6.689 17.412 3.862 13.461

1992 Total 6.882 17.338 3.899 13.396

1993 Total 7.121 18.248 3.893 13.789

1994 Total 6.949 18.135 3.930 14.058

1995 Total 7.022 18.653 4.032 14.665

1996 Total 7.556 19.643 4.218 15.161

1997 Total 7.088 19.067 4.248 15.679

1998 Total (R) 6.462 (R) 19.051 (R) 3.961 (R) 15.969

1999 Total 6.810 19.634 4.001 16.365

2000 Total 7.144 20.451 4.228 17.166

2001 January 1.233 (R) 2.606 .624 (R) 1.694

February .990 (R) 2.042 .526 (R) 1.467

March .896 (R) 1.943 .476 (R) 1.514

April .577 (R) 1.484 .340 (R) 1.320

May .358 (R) 1.297 .232 (R) 1.345

June .293 (R) 1.420 .203 (R) 1.410

July .279 (R) 1.648 .203 (R) 1.491

August .273 (R) 1.719 .208 (R) 1.522

September .276 (R) 1.378 .208 (R) 1.334

October .406 (R) 1.345 .263 (R) 1.354

November .544 (R) 1.439 .313 (R) 1.327

December .825 (R) 1.927 .451 (R) 1.528

Total 6.947 (R) 20.257 4.047 (R) 17.298

2002 January 1.051 2.327 .550 (R) 1.594

February .901 (R) 1.923 .492 (R) 1.431

March .860 (R) 1.935 .471 (R) 1.500

April .581 (R) 1.533 .347 (R) 1.368

May .407 (R) 1.399 .262 (R) 1.373

June .305 (R) 1.526 .220 (R) 1.425

July .273 (R) 1.771 .206 (R) 1.516

August .259 (R) 1.716 .210 (R) 1.472

September .265 (R) 1.476 .211 (R) 1.358

October .414 1.423 .276 (R) 1.381

November .668 (R) 1.660 .389 (R) 1.422

December .987 (R) 2.209 .522 (R) 1.590

Total 6.971 (R) 20.901 4.156 (R) 17.426

2003 January (R) 1.204 (R) 2.567 (R) .609 (R) 1.719

February 1.037 2.203 .539 1.505

2-Month Total 2.241 4.771 1.148 3.224

2002 2-Month Total 1.952 4.250 1.042 3.025

2001 2-Month Total 2.223 4.649 1.150 3.161

End-Use Sectors

Industrial (b) Transportation

Primary Total Primary Total

1973 Total 24.741 32.653 18.576 18.612

1974 Total 23.816 31.819 18.086 18.119

1975 Total 21.454 29.447 18.209 18.244

1976 Total 22.685 31.429 19.065 19.099

1977 Total 23.193 32.307 19.784 19.820

1978 Total 23.277 32.733 20.580 20.615

1979 Total 24.211 33.962 20.436 20.471

1980 Total 22.673 32.152 19.658 19.696

1981 Total 21.404 30.836 19.469 19.506

1982 Total 19.112 27.704 19.032 19.069

1983 Total 18.598 27.511 19.098 19.141

1984 Total 20.208 29.643 19.761 19.808

1985 Total 19.540 28.958 20.023 20.070

1986 Total 19.133 26.375 20.768 20.817

1987 Total 20.046 29.519 21.405 21.455

1988 Total 20.958 30.818 22.261 22.312

1989 Total 20.888 (R) 31.396 22.497 22.551

1990 Total 21.235 (R) 31.918 22.472 22.526

1991 Total 20.903 31.527 22.069 22.122

1992 Total 21.806 32.673 22.406 22.459

1993 Total 21.738 32.668 22.830 22.883

1994 Total 22.376 33.557 23.448 23.503

1995 Total 22.643 33.941 23.905 23.960

1996 Total 23.364 34.905 24.456 24.511

1997 Total 23.608 35.168 24.753 24.808

1998 Total 23.067 (R) 34.777 25.297 25.352

1999 Total 22.826 34.679 26.033 26.090

2000 Total 22.844 34.721 26.647 26.707

2001 January 1.951 (R) 2.809 2.144 2.149

February 1.790 (R) 2.617 1.973 1.977

March 1.920 (R) 2.821 2.227 2.231

April 1.814 (R) 2.687 2.172 2.176

May 1.766 (R) 2.719 2.273 2.279

June 1.658 (R) 2.601 2.217 2.222

July 1.734 (R) 2.657 2.352 2.358

August 1.798 (R) 2.747 2.315 2.322

September 1.732 (R) 2.570 2.141 2.147

October 1.927 (R) 2.815 2.234 2.240

November 1.831 (R) 2.689 2.130 2.135

December 1.805 (R) 2.668 2.192 2.197

Total 21.726 (R) 32.397 26.370 26.432

2002 January (R) 1.974 2.822 2.101 2.106

February 1.831 (R) 2.651 1.945 1.949

March 1.937 2.831 (R) 2.192 2.197

April (R) 1.806 2.697 2.188 2.193

May (R) 1.837 2.789 2.286 2.290

June (R) 1.740 2.692 2.274 2.279

July (R) 1.810 2.793 (R) 2.329 2.335

August (R) 1.867 2.830 2.340 2.346

September (R) 1.771 (R) 2.676 2.184 2.189

October 1.897 2.813 2.235 2.240

November 1.873 (R) 2.774 2.208 2.212

December (R) 1.821 2.714 2.349 2.353

Total (R) 22.164 (R) 33.080 (R) 26.631 (R) 26.688

2003 January (R) 1.888 (R) 2.762 (R) 2.160 (R) 2.165

February 1.909 2.721 2.004 2.009

2-Month Total 3.797 5.484 4.164 4.173

2002 2-Month Total 3.805 5.472 4.046 4.055

2001 2-Month Total 3.741 5.425 4.116 4.126

Electric

Power

Sector (c,d)

Adjust-

Primary ments (e) Total (b)

1973 Total 19.753 0.007 75.708

1974 Total 19.933 .007 73.991

1975 Total 20.307 .001 71.999

1976 Total 21.513 .008 76.012

1977 Total 22.591 .007 78.000

1978 Total 23.587 .002 79.986

1979 Total 23.987 .002 80.903

1980 Total 24.359 -.001 78.289

1981 Total 24.525 .003 76.335

1982 Total 24.063 .004 73.234

1983 Total 24.705 .003 73.066

1984 Total 25.741 .003 76.693

1985 Total 26.158 -.004 76.417

1986 Total 26.359 .003 76.722

1987 Total 27.124 -.003 79.156

1988 Total 28.354 .003 82.774

1989 Total (Rd) 30.044 (R) .009 (R) 84.886

1990 Total (R) 30.647 (R) -.020 (R) 84.605

1991 Total 30.999 .001 84.522

1992 Total 30.873 (s) 85.866

1993 Total 32.006 -.010 87.578

1994 Total 32.551 -.006 89.248

1995 Total 33.616 .003 91.221

1996 Total 34.626 .004 94.224

1997 Total 35.024 .006 94.727

1998 Total (R) 36.363 (R) -.003 (R) 95.146

1999 Total 37.097 .006 96.774

2000 Total 38.181 .002 99.047

2001 January (R) 3.306 (R) .001 (R) 9.259

February (R) 2.824 (R) -.003 (R) 8.100

March (R) 2.990 (R) -.004 (R) 8.505

April (R) 2.764 (R) -.004 (R) 7.663

May (R) 3.010 (R) (s) (R) 7.639

June (R) 3.283 (R) .003 (R) 7.655

July (R) 3.586 (R) .006 (R) 8.160

August (R) 3.715 (R) .007 (R) 8.317

September (R) 3.072 (R) .002 (R) 7.430

October (R) 2.923 (R) (s) (R) 7.753

November (R) 2.773 (R) (s) (R) 7.591

December (R) 3.048 (R) .003 (R) 8.323

Total (R) 37.294 (R) .011 (R) 96.395

2002 January (R) 3.172 (R) .001 (R) 8.849

February (R) 2.784 (R) -.002 (R) 7.952

March (R) 3.002 (R) -.001 (R) 8.462

April (R) 2.867 (R) -.001 (R) 7.789

May (R) 3.060 (R) .001 (R) 7.852

June (R) 3.384 (R) .005 (R) 7.927

July (R) 3.796 (R) .009 (R) 8.425

August (R) 3.686 (R) .008 (R) 8.371

September (R) 3.269 (R) .005 (R) 7.705

October (R) 3.036 (R) (s) (R) 7.858

November (R) 2.930 (R) -.001 (R) 8.067

December (R) 3.187 (R) .001 (R) 8.866

Total (R) 38.173 (R) .026 (R) 98.122

2003 January (R) 3.353 (R) .001 (R) 9.214

February (F) 2.948 -.003 8.435

2-Month Total (E) 6.301 -.002 17.649

2002 2-Month Total 5.956 -.001 16.801

2001 2-Month Total 6.130 -.002 17.358

(a) Commercial sector fuel use, including that at commercial

combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and commercial electricity-only

plants. See note at end of Section 7.

(b) Industrial sector fuel use, including that at industrial

combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and industrial electricity-only

plants. See note at end of Section 7.

(c) The electric power sector comprises electricity-only and

combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants within the NAICS 22 category

whose primary business is to sell electricity, or electricity and

heat, to the public.

(d) Through 1988, data are for consumption at electric utilities

only. Beginning in 1989, data also include consumption at

independent power producers.

(e) A balancing item. The sum of primary consumption in the five

energy-use sectors equals the sum of total consumption in the

four end-use sectors. However, total energy consumption does not

equal the sum of the sectoral components due to the use of

sector-specific conversion factors for coal and natural gas.

R=Revised.

(s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu.

Notes: * Primary consumption includes coal, natural gas, petroleum,

nuclear electric power, hydroelectric power, wood, waste, alcohol

fuels, geothermal, solar, wind, coal coke net imports, and electricity

net imports. * Total consumption includes primary consumption,

electricity retail sales, and electrical system energy losses. *

Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

* Geographic coverage is the 50 States and the District of Columbia.

Figure 2.2 Residential Sector Energy Consumption (Quadrillion Btu)

By Major Sources, 1973-2002

[GRAPHIC OMITTED]

By Major Sources, Monthly

[GRAPHIC OMITTED]

Total, January-February

2001 4.649

2002 4.250

2003 4.771

By Major Sources, February 2003

Natural Gas 0.848

Electricity 0.382

Petroleum 0.156

Note: Because vertical scales differ, graphs should not be compared.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/consump.html.

Source: Table 2.2.

Note: Tables made from bar graph.

Table 2.2 Residential Sector Energy Consumption

(Quadrillion Btu)

Primary Consumption

Fossil Fuels

Natural

Coal Gas (a) Petroleum Total

1973 Total 0.094 4.977 2.825 7.896

1974 Total .082 4.901 2.573 7.557

1975 Total .063 5.023 2.495 7.580

1976 Total .059 5.147 2.720 7.927

1977 Total .057 4.913 2.695 7.666

1978 Total .049 4.981 2.620 7.651

1979 Total .037 5.055 2.114 7.206

1980 Total .031 4.866 1.748 6.645

1981 Total .030 4.660 1.543 6.234

1982 Total .032 4.753 1.441 6.226

1983 Total .031 4.516 1.362 5.909

1984 Total .038 4.692 1.337 6.067

1965 Total .035 4.571 1.483 6.089

1986 Total .035 4.439 1.457 5.931

1987 Total .032 4.449 1.508 5.989

1988 Total .034 4.765 1.563 6.361

1989 Total .028 4.929 1.560 6.517

1990 Total .028 4.523 1.263 5.814

1991 Total .023 4.697 1.293 6.012

1992 Total .024 4.835 1.311 6.170

1993 Total .024 5.095 1.385 6.504

1994 Total .021 4.988 1.333 6.342

1995 Total .017 4.981 1.356 6.355

1996 Total .017 5.383 1.489 6.888

1997 Total .016 5.118 1.448 6.582

1998 Total .012 4.669 1.322 6.003

1999 Total .014 4.858 1.452 6.324

2000 Total .011 5.121 1.508 6.641

2001 January .001 1.013 .178 1.193

February .001 .807 .145 .953

March .001 .705 .149 .856

April .001 .414 .123 .538

May .001 .216 .100 .317

June .001 .152 .101 .254

July .001 .128 .109 .238

August .001 .121 .110 .232

September .001 .132 .104 .237

October .001 .247 .118 .366

November .001 .377 .126 .504

December .002 .634 .148 .784

Total .012 4.948 1.511 6.471

2002 January .001 .845 .169 1.015

February .001 .725 .143 .869

March .001 .686 .138 .824

April .001 .432 .114 .547

May .001 .266 .104 .371

June .001 .168 .102 .271

July .001 .132 .105 .238

August .001 .121 .102 .224

September .001 .129 .101 .230

October .001 .257 .120 .379

November .001 .503 .129 .633

December .002 .795 .155 .951

Total .012 5.058 1.483 (R) 6.552

2003 January .001 (R) .973 .193 (R) 1.168

February .001 (F) .848 .156 1.005

2-Month Total .003 (E) 1.821 .349 2.173

2002 2-Month Total .002 1.570 .312 1.885

2001 2-Month Total .003 1.820 .324 2.146

Primary Consumption

Renewable Energy

Geo- Total

Wood thermal (b) Solar (c) Total Primary

1973 Total 0.354 NA NA 0.354 8.250

1974 Total .371 NA NA .371 7.928

1975 Total .425 NA NA .425 8.006

1976 Total .482 NA NA .482 8.408

1977 Total .542 NA NA .542 8.207

1978 Total .622 NA NA .622 8.272

1979 Total .728 NA NA .728 7.934

1980 Total .859 NA NA .859 7.504

1981 Total .869 NA NA .869 7.103

1982 Total .937 NA NA .937 7.163

1983 Total .925 NA NA .925 6.834

1984 Total .923 NA NA .923 6.990

1965 Total .899 NA NA .899 6.988

1986 Total .876 NA NA .876 6.807

1987 Total .852 NA NA .852 6.841

1988 Total .885 NA NA .885 7.246

1989 Total .918 .005 .053 .976 7.492

1990 Total .581 .006 .056 .642 6.457

1991 Total .613 .006 .058 .677 6.689

1992 Total .645 .006 .060 .711 6.882

1993 Total .548 .007 .062 .616 7.121

1994 Total .537 .006 .064 .607 6.949

1995 Total .596 .007 .065 .667 7.022

1996 Total .595 .007 (R) .065 .667 7.556

1997 Total .433 .008 .065 .506 7.088

1998 Total .387 .008 .065 .459 (R) 6.462

1999 Total .414 .009 .064 .486 6.810

2000 Total .433 .009 (R) .061 .503 7.144

2001 January .035 .001 .005 .040 1.233

February .031 .001 .005 .037 .990

March .035 .001 .005 .040 .896

April .033 .001 .005 .039 .577

May .035 .001 .005 .040 .358

June .033 .001 .005 .039 .293

July .035 .001 .005 .040 .279

August .035 .001 .005 .040 .273

September .033 .001 .005 .039 .276

October .035 .001 .005 .040 .406

November .033 .001 .005 .039 .544

December .035 .001 .005 .040 .825

Total .407 .009 .060 .476 6.947

2002 January .030 .001 .005 .036 1.051

February .027 .001 .004 .032 .901

March .030 .001 .005 .036 .860

April .029 .001 .005 .034 .581

May .030 .001 .005 .036 .407

June .029 .001 .005 .034 .305

July .030 .001 .005 .036 .273

August .030 .001 .005 .036 .259

September .029 .001 .005 .034 .265

October .030 .001 .005 .036 .414

November .029 .001 .005 .034 .668

December .030 .001 .005 .036 .987

Total .350 .010 .058 .419 6.971

2003 January .030 .001 .005 .036 (R) 1.204

February .027 .001 .004 .032 1.037

2-Month Total .057 .002 .009 .068 2.241

2002 2-Month Total .057 .002 .009 .068 1.952

2001 2-Month Total .066 .002 .010 .077 2.223

Electrical

Electricity System

Retail Energy

Sales (d) Losses (e) Total

1973 Total 1.976 4.703 14.930

1974 Total 1.973 4.783 14.683

1975 Total 2.007 4.829 14.842

1976 Total 2.069 4.963 15.441

1977 Total 2.202 5.280 15.689

1978 Total 2.301 5.582 16.156

1979 Total 2.330 5.578 15.842

1980 Total 2.448 5.897 15.848

1981 Total 2.464 5.786 15.353

1982 Total 2.489 5.925 15.577

1983 Total 2.562 6.063 15.459

1984 Total 2.662 6.123 15.775

1965 Total 2.709 6.227 15.925

1986 Total 2.795 6.320 15.922

1987 Total 2.902 6.485 16.228

1988 Total 3.946 6.774 17.066

1989 Total 3.090 (R) 7.189 (R) 17.771

1990 Total 3.153 (R) 7.287 (R) 16.896

1991 Total 3.260 7.463 17.412

1992 Total 3.193 7.263 17.338

1993 Total 3.394 7.733 18.248

1994 Total 3.441 7.746 18.135

1995 Total 3.557 8.073 18.653

1996 Total 3.694 8.393 19.643

1997 Total 3.671 8.308 19.067

1998 Total 3.856 (R) 8.733 (R) 19.051

1999 Total 3.906 8.917 19.634

2000 Total 4.069 9.238 20.451

2001 January .438 (R) .935 (R) 2.606

February .345 (R) .708 (R) 2.042

March .319 (R) .727 (R) 1.943

April .283 (R) .624 (R) 1.484

May .278 (R) .661 (R) 1.297

June .337 (R) .790 (R) 1.420

July .409 (R) .960 (R) 1.648

August .438 (R) 1.008 (R) 1.719

September .360 (R) .743 (R) 1.378

October .291 (R) .648 (R) 1.345

November .277 (R) .618 (R) 1.439

December .329 (R) .774 (R) 1.927

Total 4.103 (R) 9.206 (R) 20.257

2002 January .402 (R) .873 2.327

February .332 (R) .690 (R) 1.923

March .328 .747 (R) 1.935

April .294 (R) .658 (R) 1.533

May .299 (R) .693 (R) 1.399

June .368 (R) .852 (R) 1.526

July .456 (R) 1.043 (R) 1.771

August .457 (R) .999 (R) 1.716

September .393 (R) .819 (R) 1.476

October .322 .687 1.423

November .304 (R) .689 (R) 1.660

December .373 (R) .850 (R) 2.209

Total 4.327 (R) 9.603 (R) 20.901

2003 January .428 (R) .936 (R) 2.567

February .382 .784 2.203

2-Month Total .810 1.720 4.771

2002 2-Month Total .734 1.563 4.250

2001 2-Month Total .783 1.643 4.649

(a) includes supplemental gaseous fuels.

(b) Geothermal heat pump and direct use energy.

(c) Solar thermal direct use and photovoltaic electricity

generation. Includes small amounts of commercial sector use.

(d) Electricity retail sales to ultimate customers reported

by electric utilities and other energy service providers.

(e) See Note 12 at end of section.

(R)=Revised.

(E)=Estimate.

NA=Not available.

(F)=Forecast.

Notes: * Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent

rounding. * Geographic coverage is the 50 States and the District

of Columbia.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/consump.html.

Additional Notes and Sources: See end of section.

Figure 2.3 Commercial Sector Energy Consumption (Quadrillion Btu)

By Major Sources, 1973-2002

[GRAPHIC OMITTED]

By Major Sources, Monthly

[GRAPHIC OMITTED]

Total, January-February

2001 3.161

2002 3.025

2003 3.224

By Major Sources, February 2003

Natural Gas 0.446

Electricity 0.316

Petroleum 0.076

Note: Because vertical scales differ, graphs should not be

compared.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/consump.html.

Source: Table 2.3.

Note: Tables made from bra graph.

Table 2.3 Commercial Sector Energy Consumption

(Quadrillion Btu)

Primary Consumption

Fossil Fuels

Natural

Coal Gas (a) Petroleum Total

1973 Total 0.160 2.649 1.565 4.374

1974 Total .175 2.617 1.423 4.214

1975 Total .147 2.558 1.310 4.015

1976 Total .144 2.718 1.461 4.324

1977 Total .148 2.548 1.511 4.207

1978 Total .165 2.643 1.450 4.257

1979 Total .149 2.836 1.334 4.319

1980 Total .115 2.674 1.288 4.076

1981 Total .137 2.583 1.090 3.810

1982 Total .155 2.673 1.008 3.837

1983 Total .162 2.508 1.136 3.805

1984 Total .171 2.600 1.198 3.969

1985 Total .141 2.508 1.039 3.688

1986 Total .141 2.386 1.099 3.625

1987 Total .129 2.505 1.079 3.714

1988 Total .134 2.748 1.037 3.919

1989 Total .118 2.802 .973 3.893

1990 Total .128 2.701 .913 3.742

1991 Total .118 2.813 .859 3.791

1992 Total .118 2.890 .811 3.818

1993 Total .119 2.942 .749 3.810

1994 Total .118 2.979 .747 3.844

1995 Total .117 3.113 .710 3.940

1996 Total .122 3.244 .742 4.108

1997 Total .129 3.302 .703 4.134

1998 Total (R) .093 3.098 .658 (R) 3.850

1999 Total .103 3.130 .655 3.887

2000 Total .092 3.301 .726 4.119

2001 January .012 .514 .091 .616

February .009 .436 .074 .519

March .008 .387 .073 .469

April .008 .264 .060 .333

May .005 .171 .049 .225

June .006 .141 .049 .195

July .007 .136 .052 .195

August .007 .141 .052 .200

September .005 .147 .048 .200

October .006 .193 .057 .256

November .008 .237 .060 .306

December .014 .357 .072 .443

Total .097 3.123 .737 3.957

2002 January .011 .445 .086 .542

February .009 .405 .070 .485

March .009 .385 .069 .463

April .008 .274 .057 .339

May .006 .198 .049 .253

June .005 .158 .049 .212

July .008 .141 .049 .198

August .007 .146 .049 .202

September .005 .150 .048 .203

October .006 .206 .055 .267

November .010 .310 .062 .381

December .013 .420 .081 .513

Total .097 3.238 .724 4.059

2003 January .012 (R) .498 .092 (R) .602

February .009 (F) .446 .076 .532

2-Month Total .021 (E) .944 .168 1.133

2002 2-Month Total .020 .850 .156 1.027

2001 2-Month Total .021 .950 .165 1.136

Primary Consumption

Renewable Energy

Wood

Hydro- and Geo-

power (b) Waste thermal (c) Total

1973 Total NA 0.007 NA .007

1974 Total NA .007 NA .007

1975 Total NA .008 NA .008

1976 Total NA .009 NA .009

1977 Total NA .010 NA .010

1978 Total NA .012 NA .012

1979 Total NA .014 NA .014

1980 Total NA .021 NA .021

1981 Total NA .021 NA .021

1982 Total NA .022 NA .022

1983 Total NA .022 NA .022

1984 Total NA .022 NA .022

1985 Total NA .024 NA .024

1986 Total NA .027 NA .027

1987 Total NA .029 NA .029

1988 Total NA .032 NA .032

1989 Total .001 .058 .003 .061

1990 Total .001 .067 .003 .071

1991 Total .001 .068 .003 .072

1992 Total .001 .076 .003 .081

1993 Total .001 .079 .003 .084

1994 Total .001 .081 .004 .086

1995 Total .001 .086 .005 .092

1996 Total .001 .103 .005 .110

1997 Total .001 .107 .006 .113

1998 Total .001 .102 .007 .111

1999 Total .001 .106 .007 .114

2000 Total .001 .100 .008 .109

2001 January (s) .007 .001 .007

February (s) .006 .001 .007

March (s) .007 .001 .007

April (s) .007 .001 .007

May (s) .007 .001 .008

June (s) .007 .001 .008

July (s) .007 .001 .008

August (s) .007 .001 .008

September (s) .007 .001 .007

October (s) .007 .001 .007

November (s) .006 .001 .007

December (s) .007 .001 .008

Total .001 .081 .008 .090

2002 January (s) .007 .001 .008

February (s) .007 .001 .007

March (s) .007 .001 .008

April (s) .007 .001 .008

May (s) .007 .001 .008

June (s) .007 .001 .008

July (s) .008 .001 .008

August (s) .007 .001 .008

September (s) .007 .001 .008

October (s) .008 .001 .009

November (s) .007 .001 .008

December (s) (R) .008 .001 .008

Total .001 .088 .009 (R) .097

2003 January (s) .007 .001 (R) .007

February (s) .007 .001 .008

2-Month Total (s) .014 .001 .015

2002 2-Month Total (s) .014 .001 .016

2001 2-Month Total (s) .013 .001 .014

Primary

Consump-

tion Electrical

Electricity System

Total Retail Energy

Primary Sales (d) Losses (e) Total

1973 Total 4.381 1.517 3.609 9.507

1974 Total 4.221 1.501 3.640 9.363

1975 Total 4.023 1.598 3.845 9.466

1976 Total 4.333 1.678 4.025 10.035

1977 Total 4.217 1.754 4.206 10.177

1978 Total 4.269 1.813 4.398 10.481

1979 Total 4.333 1.854 4.439 10.627

1980 Total 4.097 1.906 4.591 10.594

1981 Total 3.831 2.033 4.774 10.638

1982 Total 3.859 2.077 4.944 10.880

1983 Total 3.827 2.116 5.008 10.952

1984 Total 3.991 2.264 5.209 11.465

1985 Total 3.712 2.351 5.405 11.468

1986 Total 3.652 2.439 5.515 11.605

1987 Total 3.743 2.539 5.674 11.956

1988 Total 3.951 2.675 5.948 12.574

1989 Total 3.955 2.767 (R) 6.437 (R) 13.159

1990 Total 3.813 2.860 (R) 6.611 (R) 13.284

1991 Total 3.862 2.918 6.681 13.461

1992 Total 3.899 2.900 6.596 13.396

1993 Total 3.893 3.019 6.877 13.789

1994 Total 3.930 3.116 7.013 14.058

1995 Total 4.032 3.252 7.381 14.665

1996 Total 4.218 3.344 7.599 15.161

1997 Total 4.248 3.503 7.928 15.679

1998 Total (R) 3.961 3.678 (R) 8.330 (R) 15.969

1999 Total 4.001 3.766 8.597 16.365

2000 Total 4.228 3.956 8.982 17.166

2001 January .624 .342 (R) .729 (R) 1.694

February .526 .308 (R) .633 (R) 1.467

March .476 .317 (R) .721 (R) 1.514

April .340 .306 (R) .674 (R) 1.320

May .232 .329 (R) .783 (R) 1.345

June .203 .361 (R) .846 (R) 1.410

July .203 .385 (R) .903 (R) 1.491

August .208 .398 (R) .916 (R) 1.522

September .208 .367 (R) .759 (R) 1.334

October .263 .338 (R) .753 (R) 1.354

November .313 .314 (R) .701 (R) 1.327

December .451 .321 (R) .756 (R) 1.528

Total 4.047 4.085 (R) 9.166 (R) 17.298

2002 January .550 (R) .329 (R) .715 (R) 1.594

February .492 (R) .305 (R) .633 (R) 1.431

March .471 (R) .314 (R) .715 (R) 1.500

April .347 (R) .315 (R) .705 (R) 1.368

May .262 (R) .335 (R) .776 (R) 1.373

June .220 (R) .364 (R) .842 (R) 1.425

July .206 (R) .398 (R) .911 (R) 1.516

August .210 (R) .396 (R) .865 (R) 1.472

September .211 (R) .372 (R) .775 (R) 1.358

October .276 (R) .353 (R) .753 (R) 1.381

November .389 (R) .316 (R) .717 (R) 1.422

December .522 (R) .326 (R) .742 (R) 1.590

Total 4.156 (R) 4.122 (R) 9.148 (R) 17.426

2003 January (R) .609 (R) .348 (R) .762 (R) 1.719

February .539 .316 .649 1.505

2-Month Total 1.148 .665 1.411 3.224

2002 2-Month Total 1.042 .634 1.348 3.025

2001 2-Month Total 1.150 .650 1.361 3.161

(a) Includes supplemental gaseous fuels.

(b) Conventional hydroelectric power.

(c) Geothermal heat pump and direct use energy.

(d) Electricity retail sales to ultimate customers reported by

electric utilities and other energy service providers.

(e) See Note 12 at end of section.

(R)=Revised.

(E)=Estimate.

NA=Not available.

(F)=Forecast.

(s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu.

Notes: * Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent

rounding. * Geographic coverage is the 50 States and the District of

Columbia.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/consump.html.

Additional Notes and Sources: See end of section.

Figure 2.4 Industrial Sector Energy Consumption (Quadrillion Btu)

By Major Sources, 1973-2002

[GRAPHIC OMITTED]

By Major Sources, Monthly

[GRAPHIC OMITTED]

Total, January-February

2001 5.425

2002 5.472

2003 5.484

By Major Sources, February 2003

Petroleum 0.775

Natural Gas 0.803

Electricity 0.266

Renewable Energy 0.136

Coal 0.181

Note: Because scales differ, graphs should not be compared.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/comsump.html.

Source: Table 2.4.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Table 2.4 Industrial Sector Energy Consumption

(Quadrillion Btu)

Primary Consumption

Fossil Fuels

Natural

Coal Gas (a) Petroleum Total (b)

1973 Total 4.057 10.388 9.100 23.541

1974 Total 3.870 10.004 8.694 22.624

1975 Total 3.667 8.532 8.146 20.359

1976 Total 3.661 8.762 9.010 21.432

1977 Total 3.454 8.635 9.774 21.879

1978 Total 3.314 8.539 9.867 21.845

1979 Total 3.593 8.549 10.568 22.773

1980 Total 3.155 8.395 9.525 21.040

1981 Total 3.157 8.257 8.285 19.682

1982 Total 2.552 7.121 7.794 17.446

1983 Total 2.490 6.826 7.420 16.720

1984 Total 2.842 7.448 8.014 18.292

1985 Total 2.760 7.080 7.805 17.632

1986 Total 2.641 6.690 7.920 17.234

1987 Total 2.673 7.323 8.151 18.155

1988 Total 2.828 7.696 8.430 18.993

1989 Total 2.787 8.131 8.126 19.074

1990 Total 2.756 8.502 8.305 19.568

1991 Total 2.601 8.619 8.047 19.277

1992 Total 2.515 8.967 8.617 20.133

1993 Total 2.496 9.120 8.399 20.042

1994 Total 2.510 9.172 8.792 20.532

1995 Total 2.488 9.637 8.552 20.739

1996 Total 2.434 9.947 8.989 21.393

1997 Total 2.395 9.976 9.215 21.632

1998 Total 2.335 9.806 9.017 21.226

1999 Total 2.227 9.415 9.284 20.983

2000 Total 2.256 9.642 9.053 21.017

2001 January .194 .806 .803 1.807

February .194 .751 .716 1.663

March .201 .789 .790 1.782

April .186 .738 .749 1.679

May .187 .699 .746 1.636

June .184 .651 .688 1.526

July .185 .692 .720 1.598

August .186 .709 .760 1.658

September .182 .693 .723 1.600

October .185 .738 .857 1.784

November .175 .735 .782 1.695

December .170 .762 .733 1.666

Total 2.230 8.763 9.069 20.093

2002 January .176 .838 .811 1.824

February .174 .767 .753 1.697

March .178 .804 .805 1.796

April .169 .774 .719 (R) 1.662

May .171 .747 .772 (R) 1.694

June .169 .721 (R) .703 (R) 1.596

July .169 .747 (R) .737 1.663

August .171 .768 (R) .778 (R) 1.724

September .171 .719 (R) .730 (R) 1.628

October .185 .771 (R) .789 (R) 1.750

November .180 .773 (R) .770 (R) 1.732

December .180 .810 (R) .682 (R) 1.675

Total 2.092 9.239 (R) 9.049 (R) 20.442

2003 January .181 (R) .759 (R) .812 (R) 1.753

February .181 (F) .803 .775 1.773

2-Month Total .362 (E) 1.563 1.587 3.525

2002 2-Month Total .350 1.605 1.563 3.521

2001 2-Month Total .388 1.557 1.520 3.470

Primary Consumption

Renewable Energy

Wood (d)

Hydro- and Geo-

power (c) Waste (e) thermal (f) Total

1973 Total 0.035 1.165 NA 1.200

1974 Total .033 1.159 NA 1.192

1975 Total .032 1.063 NA 1.096

1976 Total .033 1.220 NA 1.253

1977 Total .033 1.281 NA 1.314

1978 Total .032 1.400 NA 1.432

1979 Total .034 1.405 NA 1.439

1980 Total .033 1.600 NA 1.633

1981 Total .033 1.689 NA 1.722

1982 Total .033 1.634 NA 1.667

1983 Total .033 1.845 NA 1.879

1984 Total .033 1.883 NA 1.916

1985 Total .033 1.875 NA 1.908

1986 Total .033 1.866 NA 1.899

1987 Total .033 1.858 NA 1.891

1988 Total .033 1.933 NA 1.965

1989 Total .028 1.784 .002 1.814

1990 Total .031 1.634 .002 1.667

1991 Total .030 1.595 .002 1.626

1992 Total .031 1.640 .002 1.672

1993 Total .030 1.664 .002 1.696

1994 Total .062 1.779 .003 1.844

1995 Total .055 1.847 .003 1.905

1996 Total .061 1.907 .003 1.971

1997 Total .058 1.915 .000 1.976

1998 Total .055 1.784 .003 1.841

1999 Total .049 1.791 .004 1.843

2000 Total .042 1.781 .004 1.828

2001 January .002 .141 (s) .144

February .002 .124 (s) .127

March .003 .134 (s) .137

April .003 .132 (s) .135

May .003 .127 (s) .130

June .003 .128 (s) .132

July .002 .133 (S) .136

August .003 .137 (S) .141

September .002 .129 (s) .132

October .002 .140 (S) .143

November .002 .134 (s) .137

December .003 .136 (s) .139

Total .002 1.595 .005 1.633

2002 January .003 .147 (s) .150

February .003 (R) .130 (s) .134

March .003 (R) .137 (s) .141

April .004 .140 (s) .144

May .004 .138 (s) (R) .142

June .003 .140 (s) .144

July .003 .145 (s) .148

August .002 (R) .140 (s) .143

September .002 .141 (s) .143

October .003 .142 (s) .146

November .005 (R) .136 (s) (R) .141

December .006 (R) .140 (s) (R) .146

Total .041 1.677 .005 1.722

2003 January (R) .004 (R) .131 (s) (R) .135

February .003 .133 (s) .136

2-Month Total .008 .263 .001 .272

2002 2-Month Total .006 .277 .001 .284

2001 2-Month Total .005 .266 .001 .271

Primary Consumption

Electrical

Electricity System

Total Retail Energy

Primary Sales (g) Losses (h) Total (b)

1973 Total 24.741 2.341 5.571 32.653

1974 Total 23.816 2.337 5.666 31.819

1975 Total 21.454 2.346 5.647 29.447

1976 Total 22.685 2.573 6.171 31.429

1977 Total 23.193 2.682 6.432 32.307

1978 Total 23.277 2.761 6.696 32.733

1979 Total 24.211 2.873 6.878 33.962

1980 Total 22.673 2.781 6.698 32.152

1981 Total 21.404 2.817 6.615 30.836

1982 Total 19.112 2.542 6.050 27.704

1983 Total 18.598 2.648 6.265 27.511

1984 Total 20.208 2.859 6.576 29.643

1985 Total 19.540 2.855 6.563 28.958

1986 Total 19.133 2.834 6.408 28.375

1987 Total 20.046 2.928 6.545 29.519

1988 Total 20.958 3.059 6.801 30.818

1989 Total 20.888 3.158 (R) 7.349 (R) 31.396

1990 Total 21.235 3.226 (R) 7.457 (R) 31.918

1991 Total 20.903 3.230 7.394 31.527

1992 Total 21.806 3.319 7.548 32.673

1993 Total 21.738 3.334 7.596 32.668

1994 Total 22.376 3.439 7.742 33.557

1995 Total 22.643 3.455 7.842 33.941

1996 Total 23.364 3.527 8.014 34.905

1997 Total 23.608 3.542 8.017 35.168

1998 Total 23.067 3.587 8.124 (R) 34.777

1999 Total 22.826 3.611 8.242 34.679

2000 Total 22.844 3.631 8.245 34.721

2001 January 1.951 .274 (R) .584 (R) 2.809

February 1.790 .271 (R) .556 (R) 2.617

March 1.920 .275 (R) .626 (R) 2.821

April 1.814 .272 (R) .600 (R) 2.687

May 1.766 .282 (R) .671 (R) 2.719

June 1.658 .282 (R) .661 (R) 2.601

July 1.734 .276 (R) .647 (R) 2.657

August 1.798 .287 (R) .661 (R) 2.747

September 1.732 .273 (R) .565 (R) 2.570

October 1.927 .275 (R) .613 (R) 2.815

November 1.831 .265 (R) .592 (R) 2.689

December 1.805 .257 (R) .606 (R) 2.668

Total 21.726 3.290 (R) 7.381 (R) 32.397

2002 January (R) 1.974 .267 .580 2.822

February 1.831 .267 (R) .553 (R) 2.651

March 1.937 (R) .272 .621 2.831

April (R) 1.806 .275 (R) .616 2.697

May (R) 1.837 .287 .665 2.789

June (R) 1.740 .288 (R) .665 2.692

July (R) 1.810 .299 (R) .684 2.793

August (R) 1.867 (R) .303 (R) .660 2.830

September (R) 1.771 .293 (R) .612 (R) 2.676

October 1.897 .292 (R) .624 2.813

November 1.873 .276 (R) .625 (R) 2.774

December (R) 1.821 .272 (R) .621 2.714

Total (R) 22.164 3.391 (R) 7.525 (R) 33.080

2003 January (R) 1.888 (R) .274 (R) .600 (R) 2.762

February 1.909 .266 .546 2.721

2-Month Total 3.797 .540 1.146 5.484

2002 2-Month Total 3.805 .534 1.134 5.472

2001 2-Month Total 3.741 .545 1.140 5.425

(a) Includes supplemental gaseous fuels.

(b) Includes coal coke net imports, which are not separately displayed.

See Table 1.4.

(c) Conventional hydroelectric power.

(d) Wood, black liquor, and other wood waste.

(e) Municipal solid waste, landfill gas, sludge waste, tires,

agricultural byproducts, and other biomass.

(f) Geothermal heat pump and direct use energy.

(g) Electricity retail sales to ultimate customers reported by

electric utilities and other energy service providers.

(h) See Note 12 at end of section.

(R)=Revised.

(E)=Estimate.

NA=Not available.

(F)=Forecast.

(s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu.

Notes: * Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent

rounding. * Geographic coverage is the 50 States and the District

of Columbia.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/consump.html.

Additional Notes and Sources: See end of section.

Figure 2.5 Transportation Sector Energy Consumption (Quadrillion Btu)

By Major Sources, 1973-2002

[GRAPHIC OMITTED]

By Major Sources, Monthly

[GRAPHIC OMITTED]

Total, Monthly

[GRAPHIC OMITTED]

Total, January-February

2001 4.126

2002 4.055

2003 4.173

Note: Because vertical scales differ, graphs should not be

compared.

Web Page: http:/www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/consump.html.

Source: Table 2.5.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Table 2.5 Transportation Sector Energy Consumption

(Quadrillion Btu)

Primary Consumption

Fossil Fuels

Natural

Coal Gas (a) Petroleum

1973 Total 0.003 0.743 17.831

1974 Total .002 .685 17.399

1975 Total .001 .595 17.614

1976 Total (s) .559 18.506

1977 Total (s) .543 19.241

1978 Total (e) .539 20.041

1979 Total (e) .612 19.825

1980 Total (e) .650 19.008

1981 Total (e) .658 18.811

1982 Total (e) .612 18.420

1983 Total (e) .505 18.593

1984 Total (e) .545 19.216

1985 Total (e) .519 19.504

1986 Total (e) .499 20.269

1987 Total (e) .535 20.870

1988 Total (e) .632 21.629

1989 Total (e) .649 21.848

1990 Total (e) .680 21.792

1991 Total (e) .620 21.448

1992 Total (e) .608 21.798

1993 Total (e) .645 22.185

1994 Total (e) .709 22.739

1995 Total (e) .724 23.181

1996 Total (e) .737 23.719

1997 Total (e) .780 23.973

1998 Total (e) .666 24.630

1999 Total (e) .675 25.358

2000 Total (e) .674 25.973

2001 January (e) .078 2.066

February (e) .067 1.905

March (e) .065 2.161

April (e) .053 2.119

May (e) .044 2.230

June (e) .041 2.176

July (e) .044 2.308

August (e) .045 2.271

September (e) .041 2.100

October (e) .046 2.189

November (e) .048 2.083

December (e) .060 2.132

Total (e) .631 25.739

2002 January (e) .069 2.032

February (e) .062 1.884

March (e) .062 (R) 2.130

April (e) .050 2.138

May (e) .043 2.243

June (e) .040 2.233

July (e) .043 2.287

August (e) .043 2.298

September (e) .039 2.145

October (e) .044 2.191

November (e) .052 2.156

December (e) .065 2.284

Total (e) .612 (R) 26.019

2003 January (e) (R) .076 (R) 2.083

February (e) (E) .057 1.948

2-Month Total (e) (E) .133 4.031

2002 2-Month Total (e) .130 3.916

2001 2-Month Total (e) .145 3.971

Primary Consumption

Renewable

Energy

Alcohol Total

Total Fuels (b) Primary (b)

1973 Total 18.576 NA 18.576

1974 Total 18.086 NA 18.086

1975 Total 18.209 NA 18.209

1976 Total 19.065 NA 19.065

1977 Total 19.784 NA 19.784

1978 Total 20.580 NA 20.580

1979 Total 20.436 NA 20.436

1980 Total 19.658 NA 19.658

1981 Total 19.469 .007 19.469

1982 Total 19.032 .019 19.032

1983 Total 19.098 .035 19.098

1984 Total 19.761 .043 19.761

1985 Total 20.023 .052 20.023

1986 Total 20.768 .060 20.768

1987 Total 21.405 .069 21.405

1988 Total 22.261 .070 22.261

1989 Total 22.497 .071 22.497

1990 Total 22.472 .063 22.472

1991 Total 22.069 .073 22.069

1992 Total 22.406 .083 22.406

1993 Total 22.830 .097 22.830

1994 Total 23.448 .109 23.448

1995 Total 23.905 .117 23.905

1996 Total 24.456 .084 24.456

1997 Total 24.753 .106 24.753

1998 Total 25.297 .117 25.297

1999 Total 26.033 .122 26.033

2000 Total 26.647 .139 26.647

2001 January 2.144 .015 2.144

February 1.973 .012 1.973

March 2.227 .012 2.227

April 2.172 .011 2.172

May 2.273 .011 2.273

June 2.217 .012 2.217

July 2.352 .011 2.352

August 2.315 .010 2.315

September 2.141 .012 2.141

October 2.234 .016 2.234

November 2.130 .013 2.130

December 2.192 .013 2.192

Total 26.370 .147 26.370

2002 January 2.101 .013 2.101

February 1.945 .012 1.945

March (R) 2.192 .012 (R) 2.192

April 2.188 .012 2.188

May 2.286 .014 2.286

June 2.274 .012 2.274

July (R) 2.329 .015 (R) 2.329

August 2.340 .014 2.340

September 2.184 .015 2.184

October 2.235 .017 2.235

November 2.208 .020 2.208

December 2.349 .019 2.349

Total (R) 26.631 .174 (R) 26.631

2003 January (E) 2.160 .017 (R) 2.160

February (E) 2.004 .020 2.004

2-Month Total (E) 4.164 .037 4.164

2002 2-Month Total 4.046 .025 4.046

2001 2-Month Total 4.116 .027 4.116

Electrical

Electricity System

Retail Energy

Sales (c) Losses (d) Total (b)

1973 Total 0.011 0.025 18.612

1974 Total .010 .024 18.119

1975 Total .010 .024 18.244

1976 Total .010 .024 19.099

1977 Total .010 .025 19.820

1978 Total .010 .024 20.615

1979 Total .010 .024 20.471

1980 Total .011 .027 19.696

1981 Total .011 .026 19.506

1982 Total .011 .026 19.069

1983 Total .013 .030 19.141

1984 Total .014 .033 19.808

1985 Total .014 .033 20.070

1986 Total .015 .034 20.817

1987 Total .016 .035 21.455

1988 Total .016 .035 22.312

1989 Total .016 .038 22.551

1990 Total .016 .037 22.526

1991 Total .016 .037 22.122

1992 Total .016 .037 22.459

1993 Total .016 .037 22.883

1994 Total .017 .038 23.503

1995 Total .017 .039 23.960

1996 Total .017 .038 24.511

1997 Total .017 .038 24.808

1998 Total .017 .038 25.352

1999 Total .017 .040 26.090

2000 Total .018 .042 26.707

2001 January .002 .003 2.149

February .001 .003 1.977

March .001 .003 2.231

April .001 .003 2.176

May .002 .004 2.279

June .002 .004 2.222

July .002 .004 2.358

August .002 .004 2.322

September .002 .004 2.147

October .002 .004 2.240

November .001 .003 2.135

December .001 .003 2.197

Total .019 .043 26.432

2002 January .001 .003 2.106

February .001 .003 1.949

March .001 .003 2.197

April .001 .003 2.193

May .001 .003 2.290

June .002 .004 2.279

July .002 .004 2.335

August .002 .004 2.346

September .002 .004 2.189

October .002 .003 2.240

November .001 .003 2 212

December .001 .003 2.353

Total .018 .039 (R) 26.688

2003 January .001 .003 (R) 2.165

February .001 .003 2.009

2-Month Total .003 .006 4.173

2002 2-Month Total .003 .006 4.055

2001 2-Month Total .003 .006 4.126

(a) Natural gas consumed in the operation of pipelines (primarily in

compressors) and small amounts consumed as vehicle fuel. See Table

4.4.

(b) Alcohol (ethanol blended into motor gasoline) is included in both

“Petroleum” and “Alcohol Fuels,” but is counted only once in both total

primary consumption and total consumption.

(c) Electricity retail sales to ultimate customers reported by electric

utilities and other energy service providers.

(d) See Note 12 at end of Section.

(e) Since 1978, the small amounts of coal consumed for transportation

are reported as industrial sector consumption.

(R)=Revised.

(E)=Estimate.

NA=Not available.

(s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu.

Notes: * Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent

rounding. * Geographic coverage is the 50 States and the District of

Columbia.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/consump.html.

Additional Notes and Sources: See end of section.

Figure 2.6 Electric Power Sector Energy Consumption (Quadrillion Btu)

Total, 1973-2002

[GRAPHIC OMITTED]

By Major Sources, 1973-2002

[GRAPHIC OMITTED]

Total, Monthly

[GRAPHIC OMITTED]

By Major Sources, Monthly

[GRAPHIC OMITTED]

Total, January-February

2001 6.130

2002 5.956

2003 6.301

By Major Sources, February 2003

Coal 1.594

Nuclear Electri Power 0.643

Natural Gas 0.330

Hydro-electric Power (a) 0.228

Petroleum 0.084

(a) Conventional and pumped storage hydroelectric power.

Note: Because vertical scales differ, graphs should not be compared.

Web Page: http:/www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/consump.html.

Source: Table 2.6

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Table 2.6 Electric Power Sector Energy Consumption

(Quadrillion Btu)

Primary Consumption

Fossil Fuels

Natural

Coal Gas (a) Petroleum

1973 Total 8.658 3.748 3.515

1974 Total 8.534 3.519 3.365

1975 Total 8.786 3.240 3.166

1976 Total 9.720 3.152 3.477

1977 Total 10.262 3.284 3.901

1978 Total 10.238 3.297 3.987

1979 Total 11.260 3.613 3.283

1980 Total 12.123 3.810 2.634

1981 Total 12.563 3.768 2.202

1982 Total 12.582 3.342 1.568

1983 Total 13.213 2.998 1.544

1984 Total 14.019 3.220 1.286

1985 Total 14.542 3.160 1.090

1986 Total 14.444 2.691 1.452

1987 Total 15.173 2.935 1.257

1988 Total 15.850 2.709 1.563

1989 Total (i) (R) 16.137 3.192 (R) 1.703

1990 Total (R) 16.261 3.332 (R) 1.289

1991 Total 16.250 3.399 (R) 1.198

1992 Total 16.466 3.534 (R) .991

1993 Total 17.196 3.560 (R) 1.124

1994 Total 17.261 4.000 (R) 1.059

1995 Total 17.466 4.325 (R) .755

1996 Total 18.429 3.883 (R) .817

1997 Total 18.905 4.146 (R) .927

1998 Total 19.216 4.698 (R) 1.306

1999 Total 19.279 4.926 (R) 1.211

2000 Total 20.220 5.316 (R) 1.144

2001 January (R) 1.793 (R) .348 (R) .191

February (R) 1.529 (R) .320 (R) .106

March (R) 1.580 (R) .371 (R) .120

April (R) 1.427 (R) .393 (R) .113

May (R) 1.556 (R) .444 (R) .106

June (R) 1.668 (R) .504 (R) .123

July (R) 1.850 (R) .649 (R) .112

August (R) 1.890 (R) .703 (R) .147

September (R) 1.603 (R) .522 (R) .074

October (R) 1.534 (R) .477 (R) .064

November (R) 1.489 (R) .359 (R) .059

December (R) 1.639 (R) .375 (R) .064

Total (R) 19.559 (R) 5.466 (R) 1.277

2002 January (R) 1.691 (R) .385 (R) .065

February (R) 1.476 (R) .348 (R) .052

March (R) 1.576 (R) .408 (R) .078

April (R) 1.464 (R) .407 (R) .072

May (R) 1.565 (R) .418 (R) .079

June (R) 1.707 (R) .552 (R) .076

July (R) 1.892 (R) .740 (R) .096

August (R) 1.863 (R) .704 (R) .095

September (R) 1.718 (R) .566 (R) .076

October (R) 1,646 (R) .445 (R) .077

November (R) 1.620 (R) .344 (R) .066

December (R) 1.765 (R) .347 (R) .075

Total (R) 19.985 (R) 5.664 (R) .908

2003 January (R) 1.866 (R) .374 (R) .126

February (F) 1.594 (F) .330 (F) .084

2-Month Total (E) 3.460 (E) .704 (E) .211

2002 2-Month Total 3.167 .733 .117

2001 2-Month Total 3.322 .668 .296

Primary Consumption

Fossil Fuels

Hydro-

Nuclear electric

Electric Pumped

Total Power Storage (b)

1973 Total 15.921 0.910 (h)

1974 Total 15.418 1.272 (h)

1975 Total 15.191 1.900 (h)

1976 Total 16.349 2.111 (h)

1977 Total 17.446 2.702 (h)

1978 Total 17.522 3.024 (h)

1979 Total 18.156 2.776 (h)

1980 Total 18.567 2.739 (h)

1981 Total 18.553 3.008 (h)

1982 Total 17.491 3.131 (h)

1983 Total 17.754 3.203 (h)

1984 Total 18.526 3.553 (h)

1985 Total 18.792 (R) 4.076 (h)

1986 Total 18.586 (R) 4.380 (h)

1987 Total 19.365 (R) 4.754 (h)

1988 Total 20.123 (R) 5.587 (h)

1989 Total (i) (R) 21.032 (R) 5.602 (h)

1990 Total (R) 20.883 (R) 6.104 -.036

1991 Total 20.847 (R) 6.422 -.047

1992 Total 20.990 (R) 6.479 -.043

1993 Total 21.880 (R) 6.410 -.042

1994 Total 22.320 (R) 6.694 -.035

1995 Total 22.546 (R) 7.075 -.028

1996 Total 23.129 (R) 7.087 -.032

1997 Total 23.977 (R) 6.597 (R) -.041

1998 Total 25.220 (R) 7.068 -.046

1999 Total 25.416 (R) 7.610 (R) -.062

2000 Total 26.680 (R) 7.862 -.057

2001 January (R) 2.331 (R) .717 -.006

February (R) 1.955 (R) .640 (R) -.007

March (R) 2.071 (R) .649 (R) -.008

April (R) 1.934 (R) .585 (R) -.008

May (R) 2.106 (R) .642 (R) -.006

June (R) 2.295 (R) .710 (R) -.008

July (R) 2.611 (R) .722 (R) -.009

August (R) 2.740 (R) .714 (R) -.007

September (R) 2.198 (R) .662 (R) -.009

October (R) 2.075 (R) .631 (R) -.006

November (R) 1.907 (R) .651 -.008

December (R) 2.078 (R) .704 (R) -.006

Total (R) 26.301 (R) 8.028 -.089

2002 January (R) 2.141 (R) .741 (R) -.008

February (R) 1.876 (R) .644 -.006

March (R) 2.062 (R) .658 -.007

April (R) 1.943 (R) .610 -.006

May (R) 2.062 (R) .658 (R) -.006

June (R) 2.335 (R) .693 -.009

July (R) 2.728 (R) .735 -.010

August (R) 2.662 (R) .739 -.009

September (R) 2.361 (R) .673 -.008

October (R) 2.168 (R) .632 -.007

November (R) 2.030 (R) .642 (R) -.007

December (R) 2.187 (R) .720 (R) -.007

Total (R) 26.557 (R) 8.145 -.089

2003 January (R) 2.367 (R) .723 (R) -.008

February (F) 2.008 (F) .643 (F) -.007

2-Month Total (E) 4.375 (E) 1.365 (E) -.015

2002 2-Month Total 4.017 1.384 -.014

2001 2-Month Total 4.286 1.357 -.013

Primary Consumption

Renewable Energy

Conventional Wood (c)

Hydroelectric and Geo-

Power Waste (d) thermal (e)

1973 Total (R) 2.827 0.003 0.043

1974 Total (R) 3.143 .003 .053

1975 Total (R) 3.122 .002 .070

1976 Total (R) 2.943 .003 .078

1977 Total (R) 2.301 .005 .077

1978 Total (R) 2.905 .033 .064

1979 Total (R) 2.897 .005 .084

1980 Total (R) 2.867 .005 .110

1981 Total (R) 2.725 .004 .123

1982 Total (R) 3.233 .003 .105

1983 Total (R) 3.494 .004 .129

1984 Total (R) 3.353 .009 .165

1985 Total (R) 2.937 .014 .198

1986 Total (R) 3,938 .012 .219

1987 Total (R) 2.602 .015 .229

1988 Total (R) 2.302 .017 .217

1989 Total (i) (R) 2.808 (R) .232 .308

1990 Total (R) 3.014 (R) .317 .326

1991 Total (R) 2.985 (R) .354 .335

1992 Total (R) 2.586 (R) .402 .338

1993 Total (R) 2.861 (R) .415 .351

1994 Total (R) 2.620 (R) .434 .325

1995 Total (R) 3.149 (R) .422 .280

1996 Total (R) 3.528 (R) .438 .300

1997 Total (R) 3.581 (R) .446 .309

1998 Total (R) 3.241 (R) .444 .311

1999 Total (R) 3.218 (R) .453 .312

2000 Total (R) 2.768 (R) .453 .296

2001 January .188 (R) .038 .026

February .174 (R) .034 .023

March .204 (R) .038 .025

April .179 (R) .036 .023

May .191 (R) .037 .023

June .207 (R) .040 .023

July .181 (R) .040 .025

August .188 (R) .040 .025

September .152 (R) .037 .024

October .152 (R) .037 .024

November .154 (R) .036 .024

December .193 (R) .038 .025

Total 2.165 (R) .452 .289

2002 January .216 (R) .040 .025

February .200 (R) .034 .022

March .209 (R) .039 .024

April (R) .243 (R) .037 .022

May .269 (R) .037 .024

June .283 (R) .039 .022

July .254 (R) .042 .024

August .207 (R) .041 .024

September .166 (R) .039 .023

October .168 (R) .038 .024

November .194 (R) .037 .023

December .212 (R) .042 .024

Total 2.623 (R) .466 .281

2003 January (R) .195 (R) .042 (R) .024

February (F) .235 (F) .035 (F) .022

2-Month Total (E) .430 (E) .077 (E) .046

2002 2-Month Total .416 .074 .047

2001 2-Month Total .363 .072 .048

Primary Consumption

Renewable Energy

Solar (f)

and

Wind (g) Total

1973 Total NA (R) 2.873

1974 Total NA (R) 3.199

1975 Total NA (R) 3.194

1976 Total NA (R) 3.024

1977 Total NA (R) 2.383

1978 Total NA (R) 2.973

1979 Total NA (R) 2.986

1980 Total NA (R) 2.982

1981 Total NA (R) 2.852

1982 Total NA (R) 3.341

1983 Total (a) (R) 3.627

1984 Total (s) (R) 3.527

1985 Total (s) (R) 3.150

1986 Total (s) (R) 3.270

1987 Total (s) (R) 2.846

1988 Total (s) (R) 2.536

1989 Total (i) (R) .025 (R) 3.372

1990 Total (R) .033 (R) 3.689

1991 Total (R) .036 (R) 3.710

1992 Total (R) .034 (R) 3.360

1993 Total (R) .036 (R) 3.662

1994 Total (R) .041 (R) 3.420

1995 Total (R) .038 (R) 3.889

1996 Total (R) .039 (R) 4.305

1997 Total (R) .039 (R) 4.375

1998 Total (R) .036 (R) 4.032

1999 Total (R) .051 (R) 4.034

2000 Total (R) .062 (R) 3.579

2001 January (R) .004 .257

February (R) .004 .235

March .006 .272

April .007 .246

May .007 .258

June .008 .277

July .007 .253

August .007 .260

September .006 .219

October (R) .006 .220

November (R) .005 .219

December (R) .006 .263

Total (R) .074 2.979

2002 January (R) .008 (R) .289

February (R) .007 .263

March (R) .009 .282

April .011 .314

May (R) .012 .342

June (R) .013 .357

July (R) .010 .330

August (R) .011 (R) .283

September (R) .008 (R) 237

October .008 .238

November (R) .007 .261

December (R) .008 (R) .285

Total (R) .112 (R) 3.481

2003 January (R) .006 (R) .267

February (F) .007 (F) .300

2-Month Total (E) .013 (E) .566

2002 2-Month Total .016 .553

2001 2-Month Total .009 .492

Electricity

Net Total

Imports Primary

1973 Total 0.049 19.753

1974 Total .043 19.933

1975 Total .021 20.307

1976 Total .029 21.513

1977 Total .059 22.591

1978 Total .067 23.587

1979 Total .069 23.987

1980 Total .071 24.359

1981 Total .113 24.525

1982 Total .100 24.063

1983 Total .121 24.705

1984 Total .135 25.741

1985 Total .140 26.158

1986 Total .122 26.359

1987 Total .158 27.124

1988 Total .108 28.354

1989 Total (i) .037 (R) 30.044

1990 Total .008 (R) 30.647

1991 Total .067 30.999

1992 Total .087 30.873

1993 Total .095 32.006

1994 Total .153 32.551

1995 Total .134 33.616

1996 Total .137 34.626

1997 Total .116 35.024

1998 Total .088 (R) 36.363

1999 Total .099 37.097

2000 Total .116 38.181

2001 January .006 (R) 3.306

February (R) .002 (R) 2.824

March (R) .006 (R) 2.990

April .008 (R) 2.764

May (R) .010 (R) 3.010

June .008 (R) 3.283

July (R) .008 (R) 3.586

August (R) .009 (R) 3.715

September .002 (R) 3.072

October .003 (R) 2.923

November (R) .004 (R) 2.773

December (R) .009 (R) 3.048

Total (R) .075 (R) 37.294

2002 January (R) .009 (R) 3.172

February (R) .007 (R) 2.784

March (R) .006 (R) 3.002

April .006 (R) 2.867

May (R) .003 (R) 3.060

June (R) .007 (R) 3.364

July (R) .013 (R) 3.796

August (R) .011 (R) 3.686

September .006 (R) 3.269

October (R) .005 (R) 3.036

November (R) .004 (R) 2.930

December .002 (R) 3.187

Total (R) .078 (R) 38.173

2003 January .005 (R) 3.353

February (F) .004 (F) 2.948

2-Month Total (E) .009 (E) 6.301

2002 2-Month Total .016 5.956

2001 2-Month Total .008 6.130

(a) Includes supplemental gaseous fuels.

(b) Pumped storage facility production minus energy

used for pumping.

(c) Wood, black liquor, and other wood waste.

(d) Municipal solid waste, landfill gas, sludge

waste, tires, agricultural byproducts, and other

biomass.

(e) Geothermal electricity net generation.

(f) Solar thermal and photovoltaic electricity

net generation.

(g) Wind electricity net generation.

(h) Included in conventional hydroelectric power.

(i) Through 1988, data are for consumption at electric

utilities only. Beginning in 1989, data also include

consumption at independent power producers.

(R)=Revised.

(E)=Estimate.

NA=Not available.

(F)=Forecast.

(s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu.

Notes: * Data are for fuels consumed to produce electricity

and useful thermal output. * The electric power sector

comprises electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power

(CHP) plants within the NAICS 22 category whose primary

business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat,

to the public. * Totals may not equal sum of components due

to independent rounding. * Geographic coverage is the 50 States

and the District of Columbia.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/consump.html.

Additional Notes and Sources: See end of section.

Energy Consumption by Sector

Most of the data in this section of the Monthly Energy Review (MER) is developed from a group of energy-related surveys, typically called “supply surveys,” conducted by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). Supply surveys are directed to suppliers and marketers of specific energy sources. They measure the quantities of specific energy sources produced, or the quantities supplied to the market, or both. The data obtained from EIA’s supply surveys are integrated to yield the summary consumption statistics published in this section (and in Section 1) of the MER.

Users of EIA’s energy consumption statistics should be aware of a second group of energy-related surveys, typically called “consumption surveys.” Consumption surveys gather information on the types of energy consumed by end users of energy, along with the characteristics of those end users that can be associated with energy use. For example, the Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey belongs to the consumption survey group because it collects information directly from end users (the manufacturing establishments). There are important differences between the supply and consumption surveys that need to be taken into account in any analysis that uses both data sources. For information on those differences, see Energy Consumption by End-Use Sector, A Comparison of Measures by Consumption and Supply Surveys, DOE/EIA-0533, Energy Information Administration, Washington, DC, April 6, 1990.

Note 1. Energy Consumption:

Primary Consumption: Consumption in the five energy-use sectors (residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, and electric power) consists of fossil fuels (coal, natural gas, and petroleum), some secondary energy derived from fossil fuels (supplemental gaseous fuels and coal coke net imports), nuclear electric power, pumped-storage hydroelectric power, renewable energy, and net imports of electricity. Renewable energy consumption is the end-use consumption of wood, waste, alcohol fuels, geothermal heat pump and direct use energy, solar thermal direct use and photovoltaic energy and net electricity generation from conventional hydroelectric power, wood, waste, geothermal, solar, and wind.

Total Consumption: In addition to primary consumption in the four end-use sectors (residential, commercial, industrial, and transportation), total consumption also includes retail sales of electricity and electrical system energy losses (see Note 12).

Note 2. Energy-Use Sectors: The five major economic sectors–residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, and electric power–are called energy-use sectors in this report. The first four sectors comprise the end-use sectors, that is, the point of final consumption of the energy. Energy consumption is assigned to the five energy-use sectors, as closely as possible, by the following definitions:

Residential Sector–An energy-consuming sector that consists of living quarters for private households. Common uses of energy associated with this sector include space heating, water heating, air conditioning, lighting, refrigeration, cooking, and running a variety of other appliances. The residential sector excludes institutional living quarters. For further explanation see:

http://www.eia.doe.gov/neic/datadefinitions/Guideforwebres.htm.

Commercial Sector–An energy-consuming sector that consists of service-providing facilities and equipment of: businesses; Federal, State, and local governments; and other private and public organizations, such as religious, social, or fraternal groups. The commercial sector includes institutional living quarters. Common uses of energy associated with this sector include space heating, water heating, air conditioning, lighting, refrigeration, cooking, and running a wide variety of other equipment. Note: This sector includes generators that produce electricity and/or useful thermal output primarily to support the activities of the abovementioned commercial establishments.

Industrial Sector–An energy-consuming sector that consists of all facilities and equipment used for producing, processing, or assembling goods. The industrial sector encompasses the following types of activity: manufacturing (NAICS (North American Industry Classification System) codes 31-33); agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting (NAICS code 11); mining, including oil and gas extraction (NAICS code 21); natural gas distribution (NAICS code 2212); and construction (NAICS code 23). Overall energy use in this sector is largely for process heat and cooling and powering machinery, with lesser amounts used for facility heating, air conditioning, and lighting. Fossil fuels are also used as raw material inputs to manufactured products. Note: This sector includes generators that produce electricity and/or useful thermal output primarily to support the above-mentioned industrial activities.

Transportation Sector–An energy-consuming sector that consists of all vehicles whose primary purpose is transporting people and/or goods from one physical location to another. Included are automobiles; trucks; buses; motorcycles; trains, subways, and other rail vehicles; aircraft; and ships, barges, and other waterborne vehicles. Vehicles whose primary purpose is not transportation (e.g., construction cranes and bulldozers, farming vehicles, and warehouse tractors and forklifts) are classified in the sector of their primary use. Note: Various EIA programs differ in sectoral coverage. For further information see:

http://www.eia.doe.gov/neic/datadefinitons/Guideforwebtrans.htm.

Electric Power Sector–An energy-consuming sector that consists of electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants whose primary business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to the public–i.e., North American Industry Classification System 22 plants.

Although the energy-use allocations are made according to these aggregations as closely as possible, some data are collected by using different classifications. For example, electric power facilities may classify commercial and industrial users by the quantity of electricity purchased rather than by the business activity of the purchaser. Natural gas used in agriculture, forestry, and fisheries was collected and reported in the commercial sector through 1995. Beginning with 1996 data, deliveries of natural gas for agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting are reported in the industrial sector instead. Another example is master-metered condominiums and apartments, and buildings with a combination of residential and commercial units. In many cases, the metering and billing practices cause residential energy usage of electricity, natural gas, or fuel oil to be included in the commercial sector. No adjustments for these discrepancies were made.

Note 3. Conversion Factors: See Appendix A.

Note 4. Coal: See Tables 6.2 and A5.

Note 5. Coal Coke Net Imports: Net imports means imports minus exports, and a minus sign indicates that exports are greater than imports. Coal coke net imports are included in the industrial sector.

Sources:

1973-1975: DOI, BOM, Minerals Yearbook, “Coke and Coal Chemicals” chapter.

1976-1980: EIA, Energy Data Report, “Coke and Coal Chemicals” annual.

1981: EIA, Energy Data Report, “Coke Plant Report,” quarterly.

1982 forward: EIA, Quarterly Coal Report.

Note 6. Natural Gas: See Tables 4.4 and A4. For Section 2 calculations, lease and plant fuel consumption are included in the industrial sector, and pipeline fuel use of natural gas is included in the transportation sector. For 1973-1979, annual values for residential and commercial natural gas consumption are allocated to the months in proportion to the monthly sales data from the American Gas Association, “Monthly Gas Utility Statistical Report.”

Note 7. Petroleum: Petroleum consumption in this section of the Monthly Energy Review (MER) is the series called “petroleum product supplied” from Section 3.

The sources for petroleum product supplied by product are:

1973-1975: DOI, BOM, Mineral Industry Surveys, “Petroleum Statement, Annual.”

1976-1980: EIA, Energy Data Reports, “Petroleum Statement, Annual.”

1981-2001: EIA, Petroleum Supply Annual.

2002 forward: EIA, Petroleum Supply Monthly.

Energy-use allocation procedures by individual product are as follows:

Aviation Gasoline–All consumption of aviation gasoline is assigned to the transportation sector.

Asphalt–All consumption of asphalt is assigned to the industrial sector.

Distillate Fuel–Distillate fuel consumption is assigned to the sectors as follows:

Distillate Fuel Consumed by the Electric Power Sector, All Time Periods–For 1973-1979, consumption of distillate fuel is assumed to be the amount of petroleum (minus small amounts of kerosene and kerosene-type jet fuel deliveries) consumed in gas turbine and internal combustion plants. For 1980 forward, consumption of distillate fuel is assumed to be the amount of light oil (minus small amounts of kerosene deliveries through 1982) consumed by the electric power sector. See Table 7.3e.

Distillate Fuel Consumed by End-Use Sectors, Annually Through 2000–The aggregate end-use amount is total distillate fuel supplied minus the amount consumed for electric power. The end-use total consumed annually is allocated into the individual end-use sectors (residential, commercial, industrial, and transportation) in proportion to each sector’s share of “adjusted sales” as reported in EIA’s Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales (Sales) report series (DOE/EIA-0535), which is based primarily on data collected by Form EIA-821, previously Form EIA-172. “Adjusted sales” are sales that have been adjusted to equal EIA distillate fuel product supplied.

Following are notes on the individual sector groupings:

Since 1979, the residential sector adjusted sales total is directly from the Sales reports. Prior to 1979, each year’s sales subtotal of the heating plus industrial category is split into residential, commercial, and industrial (including farm) in proportion to the 1979 shares.

Since 1979, the commercial sector adjusted sales total is directly from the Sales reports. Prior to 1979, each year’s sales subtotal of the heating plus industrial category is split into residential, commercial, and industrial (including farm) in proportion to the 1979 shares.

Since 1979, the industrial sector adjusted sales total is the sum of the adjusted sales for industrial, farm, oil company, off-highway diesel, and all other uses. Prior to 1979, each year’s sales subtotal of the heating plus industrial category is split into residential, commercial, and industrial (including farm) in proportion to the 1979 shares, and this estimated industrial portion is added to oil company, off-highway diesel, and all other uses.

The transportation sector adjusted sales total is the sum of the adjusted sales for railroad, vessel bunkering, on-highway diesel, and military uses for all years.

Distillate Fuel Consumed by End-Use Sectors, Monthly Through 2000–Residential and commercial monthly consumption is estimated by allocating the annual estimates, which are described above, into the months in proportion to each month’s share of the year’s sales of No. 2 heating oil. The years’ sales totals are from the following sources: for 1973-1980, the Ethyl Corporation, Monthly Report of Heating Oil Sales; for 1981 and 1982, the American Petroleum Institute, Monthly Report of Heating Oil Sales; and for 1983 forward, EIA, Form EIA-782A, “Refiners’/Gas Plant Operators’ Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Report,” No. 2 Fuel Oil Sales to End Users and for Resale.

The transportation highway use portion is allocated into the months in proportion to each month’s share of the year’s total sales for highway use as reported by the Federal Highway Administration’s Table MF-25, “Private and Commercial Highway Use of Special Fuels by Months.” After 1993, the sales-for-highway-use data are no longer available as a monthly series; the 1993 data are used for allocating succeeding year’s totals into months. The remaining transportation use of distillate fuel (i.e., for railroads, vessel bunkering, and military use) is evenly distributed over the months, adjusted for the number of days per month.

Industrial monthly estimates are calculated as the difference between the sum of the estimates for residential, commercial, transportation, and electric power sectors and total distillate fuel consumption.

Distillate Fuel Consumed by End-Use Sectors, 2001 Forward–Each month’s end-use consumption total is disaggregated into the individual sectors in proportion to the share that each sector held of the total in the same month in 2000. Annual values are the sum of the monthly values.

Jet Fuel–Through 1982, small amounts of kerosene-type jet fuel were consumed by the electric power sector. Kerosene-type jet fuel deliveries to the electric power sector as reported on the Form FERC-423 (formerly Form FPC423) were used as estimates of this consumption. All remaining jet fuel (kerosene-type and naphtha-type) is consumed by the transportation sector.

Kerosene–Kerosene product supplied is allocated into the individual end-use sectors (residential, commercial, and industrial) in proportion to each sector’s share of “sales” as reported in EIA’s Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales (Sales) report series (DOE/EIA-0535), which is based primarily on data collected by Form EIA-821, previously Form EIA-172.

Since 1979, the residential sector sales total is directly from the Sales reports. Prior to 1979, each year’s sales category called “heating” is split into residential, commercial, and industrial in proportion to the 1979 shares.

Since 1979, the commercial sector sales total is directly from the Sales reports. Prior to 1979, each year’s sales category called “heating” is split into residential, commercial, and industrial in proportion to the 1979 shares.

Since 1979, the industrial sector sales total is the sum of the adjusted sales for industrial, farm, and all other uses. Prior to 1979, each year’s sales category called “heating” is split into residential, commercial and industrial in proportion to the 1979 shares, and this estimated industrial (including farm) portion is added to all other uses.

Liquefied Petroleum Gases (LPG)–The annual shares of LPG’s total consumption that are estimated to be used by each sector are applied to each month’s total LPG consumption to create monthly sector consumption estimates. The annual sector shares are calculated as described below.

Sales of LPG to the residential and commercial sector are converted from thousand gallons per year to thousand barrels per year and are assumed to be the annual consumption of LPG by the sector.

The quantity of LPG sold each year for consumption in internal combustion engines is allocated between the transportation and industrial sectors on the basis of data for special fuels used on highways published by the U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, in Highway Statistics. The allocations of LPG sold for internal combustion engine use to the transportation sector range from a low of 28 percent (in 1997) to a high of 73 percent (in 1994).

LPG consumed annually by the industrial sector is estimated as the difference between LPG total supplied and the estimated consumption of LPG by the sum of the residential and commercial sector and the transportation sector. The industrial sector includes LPG used by chemical plants as raw materials or solvents and used in the production of synthetic rubber; refinery fuel use; use as synthetic natural gas feedstock and use in secondary recovery projects; all farm use; LPG sold to gas utility companies for distribution through the mains; and a portion of the use of LPG as an internal combustion engine fuel.

Sources of the annual sales data for creating annual energy shares are:

1973-1982: EIA’s “Sales of Liquefied Petroleum Gases and Ethane” reports, based primarily on data collected by Form EIA-174.

1983: End-use consumption estimates for 1983 are based on 1982 end-use consumption because the collection of data under Form EIA-174 was discontinued after data year 1982. 1984-forward: American Petroleum Institute (API), “Sales of Natural Gas Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases,” which is based on an LPG sales survey jointly sponsored by API, the Gas Processors Association, and the National Liquefied Petroleum Gas Association. EIA adjusts the data to remove quantities of pentanes plus and to estimate withheld values.

Lubricants–The consumption of lubricants is allocated to the industrial and transportation sectors for all months according to proportions developed from annual sales of lubricants to the two sectors from U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Current Industrial Reports, “Sales of Lubricating and Industrial Oils and Greases.” The 1973 shares are applied to 1973 and 1974; the 1975 shares are applied to 1975 and 1976; and the 1977 shares are applied to 1977 forward.

Motor Gasoline–The total monthly consumption of motor gasoline is allocated to the sectors in proportion to aggregations of annual sales categories created on the basis of the U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics, Tables MF-21, MF-24, and MF-25, as follows:

Commercial sales are the sum of sales for public non-highway use and miscellaneous and unclassified uses.

Industrial sales are the sum of sales for agriculture, construction, and industrial and commercial use as classified in the Highway Statistics.

Transportation sales are the sum of sales for highway use (minus the sales of special fuels, which are primarily diesel fuel and are accounted for in the transportation sector of distillate fuel) and sales for marine use.

Petroleum Coke–A portion of petroleum coke is consumed by electric utilities, as reported on Form EIA-759, “Monthly Power Plant Report” (formerly Form FPC-4). The remaining petroleum coke is assigned to the industrial sector.

Residual Fuel–Residual fuel consumption is assigned to the sectors as follows:

Residual Fuel Consumed by the Electric Power Sector, All Time Periods–For 1973-1979, consumption of residual fuel is assumed to be the amount of petroleum consumed in steam-electric power plants. For 1980 forward, consumption of residual fuel is assumed to be the amount of heavy oil consumed by the electric power sector. Source: Table 7.3e

Residual Fuel Consumed by End-Use Sectors, Annually Through 2000–The aggregate end-use amount is total residual fuel supplied minus the amount consumed for electric power. The end-use total consumed annually is allocated into the individual end-use sectors (commercial, industrial, and transportation) in proportion to each sector’s share of “adjusted sales” as reported in EIA’s Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales (Sales) report series (DOE/EIA-535), which is based primarily on data collected by Form EIA-821, previously Form EIA-172). “Adjusted sales” are sales that have been adjusted to equal EIA residual fuel product supplied.

Following are notes on the individual sector groupings:

Since 1979, commercial sales data are directly from the Sales reports. Prior to 1979, each year’s sales subtotal of the heating plus industrial category is split into commercial and industrial in proportion to the 1979 shares.

Since 1979, industrial sales data are the sum of sales for industrial, oil company, and all other uses. Prior to 1979, each year’s sales subtotal of the heating plus industrial category is split into commercial and industrial in proportion to the 1979 shares, and this estimated industrial portion is added to oil company and all other uses.

Transportation sales are the sum of sales for railroad, vessel bunkering, and military uses for all years.

Residual Fuel Consumed by End-Use Sectors, Monthly Through 2000–Commercial monthly consumption is estimated by allocating the annual estimates, which are described above, into the months in proportion to each month’s share of the year’s sales of No. 2 heating oil. The years’ sales totals are from the following sources: for 1973-1980, the Ethyl Corporation, Monthly Report of Heating Oil Sales; for 1981 and 1982, the American Petroleum Institute, Monthly Report of Heating Oil Sales; and for 1983-1996, EIA, Form EIA-782A, “Refiners’/Gas Plant Operators’ Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Report,” No. 2 Fuel Oil Sales to End Users and for Resale.

Transportation monthly estimates are made by evenly distributing the annual sector estimate over the months, adjusting for the number of days per month.

Industrial monthly estimates are calculated as the difference between the sum of the estimates for commercial, transportation, and electric power sectors and total residual fuel consumption.

Residual Fuel Consumption by End-Use Sectors, 2001 Forward–Each month’s end-use consumption total is disaggregated into the individual sectors in proportion to the share that each sector held of the total in the same month in 2000. Annual values are the sum of the monthly values.

Road Oil–All consumption of road oil is assigned to the industrial sector.

All Other Petroleum Products–Consumption of all remaining petroleum products is assigned to the industrial sector.

Note 8. Nuclear Electric Power: See Tables 8.1 and A6. Nuclear electric power is included in the electric power sector.

Note 9. Hydroelectric Pumped Storage: See Tables 7.2a and A6. Pumped-storage hydroelectric power is included in the electric power sector.

Note 10. Renewable Energy: See Tables 10.2a-10.2c. End-use consumption of wood, waste, alcohol fuels, geothermal heat pump and direct use energy, and solar thermal direct use and photovoltaic energy is included in the end-use sectors. Included in the electric power sector are: net electricity generation from conventional hydroelectric power, wood, waste, geothermal, solar, and wind.

Note 11. Electricity: End-use consumption of electricity is based on retail sales of electricity in Table 7.5. “Other,” which is primarily for use in government buildings, is added to the commercial sector, except for approximately 5 percent used by railroads and railways and attributed to the transportation sector. Kilowatthours are converted to Btu at the rate of 3,412 Btu per kilowatthour.

Note 12. Electrical System Energy Losses: Electrical system energy losses are calculated as the difference between total primary consumption by the electric power sector-see Table 2.6-and the total energy content of the retail sales of electricity-see Tables 7.5 and A6. Most of these losses occur at steam-electric power plants (conventional and nuclear) in the conversion of heat energy into mechanical energy to turn electric generators. The loss is a thermodynamically necessary feature of the steam-electric cycle. Part of the energy input-to-output losses is a result of imputing fossil energy equivalent inputs for hydroelectric and other energy sources, since there is no generally accepted practice for measuring those thermal conversion rates. In addition to conversion losses, other losses include power plant use of electricity, transmission and distribution of electricity from power plants to end-use consumers (also called “line losses”), and unaccounted for electricity. Total losses are allocated to the end-use sectors in proportion to each sector’s share of total electricity sales. Overall, approximately 67 percent of total energy input is lost in conversion; of electricity generated, approximately 5 percent is lost in plant use and 9 percent is lost in transmission and distribution. Calculated electrical system energy losses may be less than actual losses, because primary consumption does not include the energy equivalent of utility purchases of electricity from non-electric utilities and from Canada and Mexico, although they are included in electricity sales

COPYRIGHT 2003 US Department of Energy

COPYRIGHT 2004 Gale Group