Section 2. Energy consumption by sector

Section 2. Energy consumption by sector

U.S. total energy consumption in October 2004 was 8.0 quadrillion Btu, 2 percent higher than in October 2003.

Residential sector total consumption was 1.4 quadrillion Btu in October 2004, 3 percent higher than the October 2003 level. The sector accounted for 18 percent of total energy consumption.

Commercial sector total consumption was 1.4 quadrillion Btu in October 2004, 1 percent higher than the October 2003 level. The sector accounted for 17 percent of total energy consumption.

Industrial sector total consumption was 2.9 quadrillion Btu in October 2004, 2 percent higher than the October 2003 level. The sector accounted for 36 percent of total energy consumption.

Transportation sector total consumption was 2,3 quadrillion Btu in October 2004, 2 percent higher than the October 2003 level. The sector accounted for 29 percent of total energy consumption.

Electric power sector primary consumption was 3.1 quadrillion Btu in October 2004, 2 percent higher than the October 2003 level. Fossil fuels accounted for 70 percent of all primary energy consumed by the electric power sector; nuclear electric power 21 percent; and renewable energy 9 percent.

Table 2.1 Energy Consumption by Sector

(Quadrillion Btu)

End-Use Sectors

Residential Commercial (a)

Primary Total Primary Total

1973 Total 8.250 14.930 4.381 9.507

1974 Total 7.928 14.683 4.221 9.363

1975 Total 8.006 14.842 4.023 9.466

1976 Total 8.408 15.441 4.333 10.035

1977 Total 8.207 15.689 4.217 10.177

1978 Total 8.272 16.156 4.269 10.481

1979 Total 7.934 15.842 4.333 10.627

1980 Total 7.504 15.848 4.097 10.594

1981 Total 7.103 15.353 3.831 10.638

1982 Total 7.163 15.577 3.859 10.880

1983 Total 6.834 15.459 3.827 10.952

1984 Total 6.992 15.777 3.989 11.463

1985 Total 6.992 15.928 3.708 11.465

1986 Total 6.812 15.927 3.647 11.600

1987 Total 6.846 16.233 3.738 11.951

1988 Total 7.249 17.069 3.948 12.571

1989 Total 7.495 17.774 3.952 13.156

1990 Total 6.460 16.900 3.810 13.281

1991 Total 6.692 17.414 3.860 13.458

1992 Total 6.883 17.339 3.898 13.394

1993 Total 7.122 18.249 3.892 13.788

1994 Total 6.949 18.135 3.930 14.059

1995 Total 7.022 18.653 4.032 14.665

1996 Total 7.556 19.643 4.218 15.161

1997 Total 7.088 19.067 4.248 15.679

1998 Total 6.462 19.052 3.956 15.964

1999 Total 6.810 19.634 3.984 16.347

2000 Total 7.147 20.453 4.192 17.129

2001 Total 6.909 20.247 4.044 17.323

2002 January 1.048 2.323 .550 1.604

February .910 1.935 .495 1.445

March .855 1.925 .467 1.500

April .577 1.532 .345 1.377

May .402 1.394 .259 1.380

June .299 1.524 .210 1.431

July .271 1.775 .204 1.531

August .257 1.731 .202 1.492

September .264 1.484 .204 1.370

October .414 1.428 .271 1.392

November .661 1.658 .385 1.432

December .987 2.223 .527 1.616

Total 6.946 20.934 4.118 17.568

2003 January 1.207 (R) 2.579 (R) .638 (R) 1.743

February 1.108 (R) 2.281 (R) .587 (R) 1.545

March (R) .876 1.975 .480 (R) 1.503

April .589 (R) 1.516 (R) .340 (R) 1.332

May (R) .393 (R) 1.398 (R) .245 (R) 1.340

June .292 (R) 1.436 .198 (R) 1.356

July .273 (R) 1.725 .199 (R) 1.483

August .263 (R) 1.745 (R) .201 (R) 1.492

September .278 (R) 1.460 .200 (R) 1.315

October .396 (R) 1.374 (R) .254 (R) 1.348

November .590 1.569 (R) .336 (R) 1.382

December .971 (R) 2.245 .505 (R) 1.608

Total (R) 7.237 (R) 21.311 (R) 4.184 (R) 17.442

2004 January 1.231 (R) 2.644 .623 (R) 1.727

February 1.087 (R) 2.304 .576 (R) 1.586

March .795 (R) 1.869 .444 (R) 1.477

April .564 (R) 1.490 .334 (R) 1.342

May .368 (R) 1.414 (R) .234 (R) 1.395

June .290 (R) 1.534 .199 (R) 1.392

July .281 (R) 1.724 (R) .195 (R) 1.482

August .269 (R) 1.663 (R) .192 (R) 1.452

September .274 (R) 1.486 (R) .194 (R) 1.372

October .387 1.412 .246 1.365

10-Month Total 5.545 17.539 3.236 14.590

2003 10-Month Total 5.677 17.489 3.342 14.456

2002 10-Month Total 5.298 17.051 3.206 14.521

End-Use Sectors

Industrial (b) Transportation

Primary Total Primary Total

1973 Total 24.741 32.653 18.576 18.612

1974 Total 23.816 31.819 18.086 18.119

1975 Total 21.454 29.447 18.209 18.244

1976 Total 22.685 31.429 19.065 19.099

1977 Total 23.193 32.307 19.784 19.820

1978 Total 23.277 32.733 20.580 20.615

1979 Total 24.211 33.962 20.436 20.471

1980 Total 22.673 32.152 19.658 19.696

1981 Total 21.404 30.836 19.476 19.513

1982 Total 19.112 27.704 19.051 19.088

1983 Total 18.598 27.511 19.133 19.176

1984 Total 20.208 29.643 19.804 19.851

1985 Total 19.540 28.958 20.075 20.122

1986 Total 19.133 28.375 20.828 20.877

1987 Total 20.046 29.519 21.474 21.524

1988 Total 20.958 30.818 22.331 22.382

1989 Total 20.888 31.396 22.568 22.622

1990 Total 21.235 31.918 22.535 22.589

1991 Total 20.903 31.527 22.142 22.195

1992 Total 21.806 32.673 22.489 22.542

1993 Total 21.738 32.668 22.830 22.883

1994 Total 22.376 33.557 23.448 23.503

1995 Total 22.643 33.941 23.905 23.960

1996 Total 23.364 34.905 24.456 24.511

1997 Total 23.608 35.167 24.753 24.808

1998 Total 23.067 34.777 25.301 25.357

1999 Total 22.826 34.679 26.050 26.108

2000 Total 22.740 34.616 26.645 26.705

2001 Total 21.834 32.527 26.215 26.276

2002 January 1.970 2.799 2.120 2.124

February 1.807 2.611 1.938 1.942

March 1.928 2.799 2.196 2.200

April 1.807 2.682 2.188 2.193

May 1.840 2.772 2.279 2.284

June 1.751 2.687 2.258 2.263

July 1.824 2.791 2.340 2.346

August 1.841 2.795 2.342 2.347

September 1.758 2.651 2.178 2.183

October 1.884 2.786 2.233 2.238

November 1.869 2.755 2.209 2.214

December 1.817 2.701 2.345 2.349

Total 22.096 32.830 26.626 26.683

2003 January (R) 1.956 (R) 2.855 (R) 2.139 (R) 2.146

February (R) 1.844 (R) 2.678 1.991 (R) 1.997

March (R) 1.856 (R) 2.741 (R) 2.206 (R) 2.212

April (R) 1.766 (R) 2.674 (R) 2.182 2.188

May 1.746 (R) 2.704 2.251 (R) 2.258

June (R) 1.646 (R) 2.622 2.243 (R) 2.249

July (R) 1.771 (R) 2.751 2.336 (R) 2.343

August (R) 1.781 (R) 2.786 (R) 2.392 (R) 2.398

September (R) 1.745 (R) 2.644 2.224 (R) 2.231

October (R) 1.864 (R) 2.812 (R) 2.293 (R) 2.299

November (R) 1.803 (R) 2.734 2.201 (R) 2.207

December (R) 1.882 (R) 2.803 2.349 (R) 2.355

Total (R) 21.661 (R) 32.801 (R) 26.806 (R) 26.884

2004 January 1.964 (R) 2.859 (R) 2.189 (R) 2.196

February 1.893 (R) 2.750 2.106 (R) 2.114

March (R) 1.910 (R) 2.814 2.257 (R) 2.263

April 1.786 (R) 2.691 2.252 2.258

May (R) 1.840 (R) 2.852 (R) 2.311 (R) 2.317

June (R) 1.748 (R) 2.714 2.286 (R) 2.293

July (R) 1.782 (R) 2.768 2.388 (R) 2.396

August (R) 1.855 (R) 2.842 2.361 2.368

September (R) 1.764 (R) 2.691 (R) 2.281 (R) 2.288

October 1.916 2.859 2.339 2.346

10-Month Total 18.458 27.838 22.769 22.839

2003 10-Month Total 17.976 27.268 22.256 22.321

2002 10-Month Total 18.410 27.375 22.072 22.120

Electric

Power

Sector

(c, d)

Adjust-

Primary ments (e) Total (b)

1973 Total 19.753 0.007 75.708

1974 Total 19.933 .007 73.991

1975 Total 20.307 .001 71.999

1976 Total 21.513 .008 76.012

1977 Total 22.591 .007 78.000

1978 Total 23.587 .002 79.986

1979 Total 23.987 .002 80.903

1980 Total 24.359 -.001 78.289

1981 Total 24.525 .003 76.342

1982 Total 24.063 .004 73.253

1983 Total 24.705 .003 73.101

1984 Total 25.741 .003 76.736

1985 Total 26.158 -.004 76.469

1986 Total 26.359 .003 76.782

1987 Total 27.124 -.003 79.225

1988 Total 28.354 .003 82.844

1989 Total (d) 30.044 .009 84.957

1990 Total 30.647 -.020 84.668

1991 Total 30.999 .001 84.595

1992 Total 30.873 (s) 85.949

1993 Total 32.006 -.010 87.578

1994 Total 32.551 -.006 89.248

1995 Total 33.616 .003 91.221

1996 Total 34.626 .004 94.224

1997 Total 35.024 .006 94.727

1998 Total 36.363 -.003 95.146

1999 Total 37.097 .006 96.774

2000 Total 38.180 .002 98.905

2001 Total 37.372 .004 96.378

2002 January 3.162 -.001 8.849

February 2.782 -.004 7.928

March 2.978 -.003 8.421

April 2.866 -.002 7.782

May 3.050 .000 7.830

June 3.388 .004 7.910

July 3.803 .009 8.452

August 3.724 .008 8.374

September 3.284 .004 7.691

October 3.042 -.001 7.843

November 2.935 -.002 8.057

December 3.214 -.001 8.888

Total 38.228 .011 98.026

2003 January (R) 3.383 .001 (R) 9.325

February (R) 2.971 -.003 (R) 8.498

March (R) 3.012 -.003 (R) 8.427

April (R) 2.832 -.004 (R) 7.706

May (R) 3.064 -.001 (R) 7.698

June (R) 3.284 .001 (R) 7.664

July (R) 3.724 .005 (R) 8.306

August (R) 3.785 .006 (R) 8.428

September (R) 3.202 (R) .002 (R) 7.651

October (R) 3.025 -.001 (R) 7.832

November (R) 2.962 -.002 (R) 7.890

December (R) 3.304 -.001 (R) 9.011

Total (R) 38.549 (R) -.001 (R) 98.437

2004 January (R) 3.419 (s) (R) 9.426

February (R) 3.092 (R) -.002 (R) 8.752

March (R) 3.017 -.004 (R) 8.419

April (R) 2.846 -.004 (R) 7.778

May (R) 3.226 .001 (R) 7.978

June (R) 3.409 .003 (R) 7.936

July (R) 3.723 .006 (R) 8.376

August (R) 3.648 .005 (R) 8.330

September (R) 3.324 .003 (R) 7.838

October 3.093 -.003 7.979

10-Month Total 32.798 .006 82.812

2003 10-Month Total 32.283 .002 81.536

2002 10-Month Total 32.080 .014 81.081

(a) Commercial sector fuel use, including that at commercial

combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and commercial electricity-only

plants. See note at end of Section 7.

(b) Industrial sector fuel use, including that at industrial

combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and industrial electricity-only

plants. See note at end of Section 7.

(c) The electric power sector comprises electricity-only and

combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants within the NAICS 22

category whose primary business is to sell electricity, or

electricity and heat, to the public.

(d) Through 1988, data are for consumption at electric utilities

only. Beginning in 1989, data also include consumption at independent

power producers.

(e) A balancing item. The sum of primary consumption in the five

energy-use sectors equals the sum of total consumption in the four

end-use sectors. However, total energy consumption does not equal the

sum of the sectoral components due to the use of sector-specific

conversion factors for coal and natural gas.

R=Revised. (s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu.

Notes: * Primary consumption includes coal, natural gas, petroleum,

nuclear electric power, hydroelectric power, wood, waste, alcohol

fuels, geothermal, solar, wind, coal coke net imports, and electricity

net imports. * Total consumption includes primary consumption

electricity retail sales, and electrical system energy losses. * Totals

may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

* Geographic coverage is the 50 States and the District of Columbia.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/consump.html.

Additional Notes and Sources: See Tables 2.2-2.6 and end of section.

Table 2.2 Residential Sector Energy Consumption

(Quadrillion Btu)

Primary Consumption

Fossil Fuels

Natural

Coal Gas (b) Petroleum Total

1973 Total 0.094 4.977 2.825 7.896

1974 Total .082 4.901 2.573 7.557

1975 Total .063 5.023 2.495 7.580

1976 Total .059 5.147 2.720 7.927

1977 Total .057 4.913 2.695 7.666

1978 Total .049 4.981 2.620 7.651

1979 Total .037 5.055 2.114 7.206

1980 Total .031 4.866 1.748 6.645

1981 Total .030 4.660 1.543 6.234

1982 Total .032 4.753 1.441 6.226

1983 Total .031 4.516 1.362 5.909

1984 Total .040 4.692 1.337 6.069

1985 Total .039 4.571 1.483 6.093

1986 Total .040 4.439 1.457 5.936

1987 Total .037 4.449 1.508 5.994

1988 Total .037 4.765 1.563 6.364

1989 Total .031 4.929 1.560 6.519

1990 Total .031 4.523 1.263 5.817

1991 Total .025 4.697 1.293 6.015

1992 Total .026 4.835 1.311 6.172

1993 Total .026 5.095 1.385 6.506

1994 Total .021 4.988 1.333 6.342

1995 Total .017 4.981 1.356 6.355

1996 Total .017 5.383 1.489 6.888

1997 Total .016 5.118 1.448 6.582

1998 Total .012 4.669 1.322 6.003

1999 Total .014 4.858 1.452 6.324

2000 Total .011 6.126 1.506 6.643

2001 Total .012 4.919 1.539 6.470

2002 January .001 .840 .174 1.015

February .001 .735 .145 .881

March .001 .681 .141 .823

April .001 .428 .117 .546

May .001 .263 .106 .370

June .001 .165 .102 .268

July .001 .128 .109 .239

August .001 .119 .105 .224

September .001 .128 .104 .232

October .001 .258 .123 .381

November .001 .497 .131 .630

December .001 .794 .159 .955

Total .011 5.036 1.516 6.564

2003 January .001 .974 .195 (R) 1.170

February .001 .914 .160 1.075

March .001 (R) .698 .140 (R) .839

April .001 .429 .124 .553

May .001 .257 .099 .357

June .001 .163 (R) .094 .257

July .001 .131 .104 .236

August .001 .120 .105 .226

September .001 .132 .110 .243

October .001 .237 (R) .122 (R) .360

November .001 .426 .127 .554

December .002 .763 .169 .934

Total .012 (R) 5.243 (R) 1.548 (R) 6.802

2004 January .001 .996 .197 1.194

February .001 .885 .166 1.052

March .001 .611 .146 .758

April .001 .395 .132 .528

May .001 .220 .110 .331

June .001 .149 .105 .255

July .001 .129 .114 .244

August .001 .123 .109 .232

September .001 .129 .109 .238

October .001 .222 .128 .350

10-Month Total .009 3.858 1.316 5.183

2003 10-Month Total .009 4.054 1.252 5.315

2002 10-Month Total .009 3.745 1.226 4.980

Primary Consumption

Renewable Energy (a)

Geo

Wood thermal (c) Solar (d) Total

1973 Total 0.354 NA NA 0.354

1974 Total .371 NA NA .371

1975 Total .425 NA NA .425

1976 Total .482 NA NA .482

1977 Total .542 NA NA .542

1978 Total .622 NA NA .622

1979 Total .728 NA NA .728

1980 Total .859 NA NA .859

1981 Total .869 NA NA .869

1982 Total .937 NA NA .937

1983 Total .925 NA NA .925

1984 Total .923 NA NA .923

1985 Total .899 NA NA .899

1986 Total .876 NA NA .876

1987 Total .852 NA NA .852

1988 Total .885 NA NA .885

1989 Total .918 .005 .053 .976

1990 Total .581 .006 .056 .642

1991 Total .613 .006 .058 .677

1992 Total .645 .006 .060 .711

1993 Total .548 .007 .062 .616

1994 Total .537 .006 .064 .607

1995 Total .596 .007 .065 .667

1996 Total .595 .007 .065 .667

1997 Total .433 .008 .065 .506

1998 Total .387 .008 .065 .459

1999 Total .414 .009 .064 .486

2000 Total .433 .009 .061 .503

2001 Total .370 .009 .060 .439

2002 January .027 .001 .005 .032

February .024 .001 .005 .029

March .027 .001 .005 .032

April .026 .001 .005 .031

May .027 .001 .005 .032

June .026 .001 .005 .031

July .027 .001 .005 .032

August .027 .001 .005 .032

September .026 .001 .005 .031

October .027 .001 .005 .032

November .026 .001 .005 .031

December .027 .001 .005 .032

Total .313 .010 .059 .382

2003 January .030 .002 .005 .037

February .028 .001 .004 .033

March .030 .002 .005 .037

April .030 .001 .005 .036

May .030 .002 .005 .037

June .030 .001 .005 .036

July .030 .002 .005 .037

August .030 .002 .005 .037

September .030 .001 .005 .036

October .030 .002 .005 .037

November .030 .001 .005 .036

December .030 .002 .005 .037

Total .359 .018 .058 .435

2004 January .030 .002 .005 .037

February .028 .001 .005 .034

March .030 .002 .005 .037

April .029 .001 .005 .036

May .030 .002 .005 .037

June .029 .001 .005 .036

July .030 .002 .005 .037

August .030 .002 .005 .037

September .029 .001 .005 .036

October .030 .002 .005 .037

10-Month Total .299 .015 .048 .362

2003 10-Month Total .299 .015 .048 .362

2002 10-Month Total .261 .008 .049 .318

Primary

Consumption

Electrical

Electricity System

Total Retail Energy

Primary Sales (e) Losses (f) Total

1973 Total 8.250 1.976 4.703 14.930

1974 Total 7.928 1.973 4.783 14.683

1975 Total 8.006 2.007 4.829 14.842

1976 Total 8.408 2.069 4.963 15.441

1977 Total 8.207 2.202 5.280 15.689

1978 Total 8.272 2.301 5.582 16.156

1979 Total 7.934 2.330 5.578 15.842

1980 Total 7.504 2.448 5.897 15.848

1981 Total 7.103 2.464 5.786 15.353

1982 Total 7.163 2.489 5.925 15.577

1983 Total 6.834 2.562 6.063 15.459

1984 Total 6.992 2.662 6.123 15.777

1985 Total 6.992 2.709 6.227 15.928

1986 Total 6.812 2.795 6.320 15.927

1987 Total 6.846 2.902 6.485 16.233

1988 Total 7.249 3.046 6.774 17.069

1989 Total 7.495 3.090 7.189 17.774

1990 Total 6.460 3.153 7.287 16.900

1991 Total 6.692 3.260 7.463 17.414

1992 Total 6.883 3.193 7.263 17.339

1993 Total 7.122 3.394 7.733 18.249

1994 Total 6.949 3.441 7.746 18.135

1995 Total 7.022 3.557 8.073 18.653

1996 Total 7.556 3.694 8.393 19.643

1997 Total 7.088 3.671 8.308 19.067

1998 Total 6.462 3.856 8.733 19.052

1999 Total 6.810 3.906 8.917 19.634

2000 Total 7.147 4.069 9.238 20.453

2001 Total 6.909 4.103 9.234 20.247

2002 January 1.048 .402 .873 2.323

February .910 .332 .692 1.935

March .855 .327 .742 1.925

April .577 .294 .661 1.532

May .402 .299 .693 1.394

June .299 .368 .857 1.524

July .271 .455 1.049 1.775

August .257 .457 1.017 1.731

September .264 .392 .828 1.484

October .414 .322 .693 1.428

November .661 .303 .693 1.658

December .987 .372 .863 2.223

Total 6.946 4.323 9.665 20.934

2003 January 1.207 (R) .425 (R) .946 (R) 2.579

February 1.108 (R) .380 (R) .793 (R) 2.281

March (R) .876 (R) .340 (R) .759 1.975

April .589 (R) .286 (R) .642 (R) 1.516

May (R) .393 (R) .300 (R) .704 (R) 1.398

June .292 (R) .343 (R) .801 (R) 1.436

July .273 (R) .442 (R) 1.010 (R) 1.725

August .263 (R) .455 (R) 1.028 (R) 1.745

September .278 (R) .385 (R) .796 (R) 1.460

October .396 (R) .306 (R) .672 (R) 1.374

November .590 (R) .297 (R) .682 1.569

December .971 (R) .387 .887 (R) 2.245

Total (R) 7.237 (R) 4.345 (R) 9.729 (R) 21.311

2004 January 1.231 .433 (R) .980 (R) 2.644

February 1.087 .386 (R) .832 (R) 2.304

March .795 .338 (R) .736 (R) 1.869

April .564 .292 (R) .634 (R) 1.490

May .368 .309 (R) .737 (R) 1.414

June .290 .383 (R) .860 (R) 1.534

July .281 .443 (R) 1.001 (R) 1.724

August .269 .432 (R) .961 (R) 1.663

September .274 (R) .384 (R) .828 (R) 1.486

October .387 .319 .705 1.412

10-Month Total 5.545 3.720 8.274 17.539

2003 10-Month Total 5.677 3.661 8.151 17.489

2002 10-Month Total 5.298 3.647 8.106 17.051

(a) All values are estimated; see Table 10.2a.

(b) Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels that

cannot be identified separately.

(c) Geothermal heat pump and direct use energy.

(d) Solar thermal direct use and photovoltaic electricity generation.

Includes small amounts of commercial sector use.

(e) Electricity retail sales to ultimate customers reported by electric

utilities and other energy service providers.

(f) See Note 12 at end of section.

R=Revised. NA=Not available.

Notes: * Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent

rounding. * Geographic coverage is the 50 States and the District of

Columbia.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/consump.html.

Additional Notes and Sources: See end of section.

Table 2.3 Commercial Sector Energy Consumption

(Quadrillion Btu)

Primary Consumption

Fossil Fuels

Natural

Coal Gas (b) Petroleum Total

1973 Total 0.160 2.649 1.565 4.374

1974 Total .175 2.617 1.423 4.214

1975 Total .147 2.558 1.310 4.015

1976 Total .144 2.718 1.461 4.324

1977 Total .148 2.548 1.511 4.207

1978 Total .165 2.643 1.450 4.257

1979 Total .149 2.836 1.334 4.319

1980 Total .115 2.674 1.288 4.076

1981 Total .137 2.583 1.090 3.810

1982 Total .155 2.673 1.008 3.837

1983 Total .162 2.508 1.136 3.805

1984 Total .169 2.600 1.198 3.967

1985 Total .137 2.508 1.039 3.684

1986 Total .135 2.386 1.099 3.620

1987 Total .125 2.505 1.079 3.709

1988 Total .131 2.748 1.037 3.916

1989 Total .115 2.802 .973 3.891

1990 Total .124 2.701 .913 3.739

1991 Total .116 2.813 .859 3.788

1992 Total .117 2.890 .811 3.817

1993 Total .117 2.942 .750 3.809

1994 Total .118 2.979 .747 3.844

1995 Total .117 3.113 .710 3.940

1996 Total .122 3.244 .743 4.108

1997 Total .129 3.302 .704 4.135

1998 Total .093 3.098 .653 3.845

1999 Total .103 3.130 .637 3.870

2000 Total .092 3.265 .726 4.083

2001 Total .097 3.116 .742 3.955

2002 January .010 .443 .090 .543

February .009 .409 .071 .489

March .008 .381 .071 .460

April .007 .272 .058 .337

May .006 .195 .050 .251

June .005 .148 .049 .202

July .007 .138 .050 .196

August .006 .137 .051 .194

September .005 .143 .048 .196

October .006 .201 .055 .263

November .009 .304 .064 .377

December .012 .426 .081 .519

Total .091 3.196 .738 4.025

2003 January .011 .524 .094 .629

February .010 .489 .080 (R) .579

March .007 .392 .072 .471

April .008 .263 .061 .332

May .006 .182 .048 .236

June .005 .138 .046 .189

July .007 (R) .132 .050 (R) .189

August .007 (R) .130 .055 (R) .192

September .005 (R) .136 .051 (R) .191

October .006 .183 .057 .245

November .009 .258 .061 .328

December .014 .400 .082 .496

Total .094 (R) 3.226 (R) .758 4.078

2004 January .012 .507 (R) .096 .614

February .010 .475 .082 .567

March .006 .355 .073 .435

April .008 .253 .064 .325

May .006 .169 .051 (R) .225

June .005 .135 .049 .190

July .007 (R) .124 .054 (R) .186

August .006 (R) .124 .053 (R) .183

September .005 (R) .127 .053 (R) .185

October .007 .169 .061 .237

10-Month Total .072 2.438 .637 3.147

2003 10-Month Total .071 2.569 .614 3.254

2002 10-Month Total .070 2.467 .592 3.129

Primary Consumption

Renewable Energy (a)

Wood

Hydro- and Geo-

power (c) Waste thermal (d) Total

1973 Total NA 0.007 NA 0.007

1974 Total NA .007 NA .007

1975 Total NA .008 NA .008

1976 Total NA .009 NA .009

1977 Total NA .010 NA .010

1978 Total NA .012 NA .012

1979 Total NA .014 NA .014

1980 Total NA .021 NA .021

1981 Total NA .021 NA .021

1982 Total NA .022 NA .022

1983 Total NA .022 NA .022

1984 Total NA .022 NA .022

1985 Total NA .024 NA .024

1986 Total NA .027 NA .027

1987 Total NA .029 NA .029

1988 Total NA .032 NA .032

1989 Total .001 .058 .003 .061

1990 Total .001 .067 .003 .071

1991 Total .001 .068 .003 .072

1992 Total .001 .076 .003 .081

1993 Total .001 .079 .003 .084

1994 Total .001 .081 .004 .086

1995 Total .001 .086 .005 .092

1996 Total .001 .103 .005 .110

1997 Total .001 .107 .006 .113

1998 Total .001 .102 .007 .111

1999 Total .001 .106 .007 .114

2000 Total .001 .100 .008 .109

2001 Total .001 .080 .008 .089

2002 January (s) .007 .001 .007

February (s) .006 .001 .007

March (s) .007 .001 .007

April (s) .007 .001 .007

May (s) .007 .001 .008

June (s) .007 .001 .008

July (s) .008 .001 .008

August (s) .008 .001 .008

September (s) .007 .001 .008

October (s) .007 .001 .008

November (s) .007 .001 .008

December (s) .007 .001 .007

Total (s) .084 .009 .093

2003 January (s) (R) .008 .001 (R) .009

February (s) .007 .001 .008

March (s) .008 .001 .009

April (s) (R) .007 .001 .009

May (s) .008 .001 .009

June (s) .008 .001 .009

July (s) .008 .001 .009

August (s) .008 .001 .009

September (s) .007 .001 (R) .009

October (s) .008 .001 .009

November (s) (R) .007 .001 .009

December (s) .008 .001 .009

Total .001 .090 .015 (R) .106

2004 January (s) .008 .001 .009

February (s) .007 .001 .008

March (s) .008 .001 .009

April (s) .008 .001 .009

May (s) .008 .001 .009

June (s) .008 .001 .009

July (s) .008 .001 .009

August (s) .008 .001 .009

September (s) .007 .001 .009

October (s) .008 .001 .009

10-Month Total .001 .076 .013 .089

2003 10-Month Total .001 .075 .013 .089

2002 10-Month Total (s) .070 .007 .078

Primary

Consumption

Electrical

Electricity System

Total Retail Energy

Primary Sales (e) Losses (f) Total

1973 Total 4.381 1.517 3.609 9.507

1974 Total 4.221 1.501 3.640 9.363

1975 Total 4.023 1.598 3.845 9.466

1976 Total 4.333 1.678 4.025 10.035

1977 Total 4.217 1.754 4.206 10.177

1978 Total 4.269 1.813 4.398 10.481

1979 Total 4.333 1.854 4.439 10.627

1980 Total 4.097 1.906 4.591 10.594

1981 Total 3.831 2.033 4.774 10.638

1982 Total 3.859 2.077 4.944 10.880

1983 Total 3.827 2.116 5.008 10.952

1984 Total 3.989 2.264 5.209 11.463

1985 Total 3.708 2.351 5.405 11.465

1986 Total 3.647 2.439 5.515 11.600

1987 Total 3.738 2.539 5.674 11.951

1988 Total 3.948 2.675 5.948 12.571

1989 Total 3.952 2.767 6.437 13.156

1990 Total 3.810 2.860 6.611 13.281

1991 Total 3.860 2.918 6.681 13.458

1992 Total 3.898 2.900 6.596 13.394

1993 Total 3.892 3.019 6.877 13.788

1994 Total 3.930 3.116 7.013 14.059

1995 Total 4.032 3.252 7.381 14.665

1996 Total 4.218 3.344 7.599 15.161

1997 Total 4.248 3.503 7.928 15.679

1998 Total 3.956 3.678 8.330 15.964

1999 Total 3.984 3.766 8.597 16.347

2000 Total 4.192 3.956 8.982 17.129

2001 Total 4.044 4.086 9.194 17.323

2002 January .550 .332 .721 1.604

February .495 .308 .642 1.445

March .467 .316 .717 1.500

April .345 .318 .715 1.377

May .259 .337 .784 1.380

June .210 .367 .854 1.431

July .204 .401 .925 1.531

August .202 .400 .890 1.492

September .204 .375 .791 1.370

October .271 .355 .766 1.392

November .385 .319 .729 1.432

December .527 .328 .761 1.616

Total 4.118 4.157 9.293 17.568

2003 January (R) .638 (R) .343 (R) .762 (R) 1.743

February (R) .587 (R) .310 (R) .647 (R) 1.545

March .480 (R) .316 (R) .706 (R) 1.503

April (R) .340 (R) .305 (R) .686 (R) 1.332

May (R) .245 (R) .327 (R) .768 (R) 1.340

June .198 (R) .347 (R) .811 (R) 1.356

July .199 (R) .391 (R) .893 (R) 1.483

August (R) .201 (R) .396 .895 (R) 1.492

September .200 (R) .364 (R) .751 (R) 1.315

October (R) .254 (R) .342 (R) .752 (R) 1.348

November (R) .336 (R) .317 (R) .729 (R) 1.382

December .505 (R) .335 (R) .768 (R) 1.608

Total (R) 4.184 (R) 4.093 (R) 9.165 (R) 17.442

2004 January .623 .339 (R) .766 (R) 1.727

February .576 .320 (R) .690 (R) 1.586

March .444 .325 (R) .708 (R) 1.477

April .334 (R) .318 (R) .691 (R) 1.342

May (R) .234 .343 (R) .817 (R) 1.395

June .199 (R) .368 (R) .825 (R) 1.392

July (R) .195 (R) .395 (R) .892 (R) 1.482

August (R) .192 (R) .391 (R) .869 (R) 1.452

September (R) .194 .374 (R) .804 (R) 1.372

October .246 .348 .771 1.365

10-Month Total 3.236 3.520 7.834 14.590

2003 10-Month Total 3.342 3.441 7.672 14.456

2002 10-Month Total 3.206 3.510 7.805 14.521

(a) All values are estimated; see Table 10.2a.

(b) Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels that

cannot be identified separately.

(c) Conventional hydroelectric power.

(d) Geothermal heat pump and direct use energy.

(e) Electricity retail sales to ultimate customers reported by electric

utilities and other energy service providers.

(f) See Note 12 at end of section.

R=Revised. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu.

Notes: * Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent

rounding. * Geographic coverage is the 50 States and the District of

Columbia.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/consump.html.

Additional Notes and Sources: See end of section.

Table 2.4 Industrial Sector Energy Consumption

(Quadrillion Btu)

Primary Consumption

Fossil Fuels

Natural

Coal Gas (b) Petroleum Total (c)

1973 Total 4.057 10.388 9.104 23.541

1974 Total 3.870 10.004 8.694 22.624

1975 Total 3.667 8.532 8.146 20.359

1976 Total 3.661 8.762 9.010 21.432

1977 Total 3.454 8.635 9.774 21.879

1978 Total 3.314 8.539 9.867 21.845

1979 Total 3.593 8.549 10.568 22.773

1980 Total 3.155 8.395 9.525 21.040

1981 Total 3.157 8.257 8.285 19.682

1982 Total 2.552 7.121 7.794 17.446

1983 Total 2.490 6.826 7.420 16.720

1984 Total 2.842 7.448 8.014 18.292

1985 Total 2.760 7.080 7.805 17.632

1986 Total 2.641 6.690 7.920 17.234

1987 Total 2.673 7.323 8.151 18.155

1988 Total 2.828 7.696 8.430 18.993

1989 Total 2.787 8.131 8.126 19.074

1990 Total 2.756 8.502 8.305 19.568

1991 Total 2.601 8.619 8.047 19.277

1992 Total 2.515 8.967 8.616 20.133

1993 Total 2.496 9.120 8.398 20.042

1994 Total 2.510 9.172 8.792 20.532

1995 Total 2.488 9.637 8.552 20.738

1996 Total 2.434 9.947 8.989 21.393

1997 Total 2.395 9.976 9.214 21.632

1998 Total 2.335 9.806 9.017 21.226

1999 Total 2.227 9.415 9.284 20.983

2000 Total 2.256 9.535 9.055 20.912

2001 Total 2.230 8.725 9.220 20.204

2002 January .175 .810 .837 1.821

February .173 .743 .757 1.676

March .177 .779 .826 1.789

April .168 .764 .738 1.668

May .170 .731 .788 1.693

June .169 .710 .732 1.612

July .170 .726 .764 1.670

August .173 .729 .790 1.699

September .172 .686 .743 1.610

October .185 .728 .806 1.725

November .180 .746 .785 1.721

December .180 .780 .698 1.662

Total 2.094 8.931 9.262 20.348

2003 January .178 .793 .840 (R) 1.813

February .178 (R) .739 (R) .783 (R) 1.713

March .182 .721 (R) .808 1.714

April .174 .676 (R) .774 (R) 1.627

May .171 .663 .769 1.605

June .174 .611 .719 1.508

July .176 .680 .761 (R) 1.623

August .174 .683 .778 1.636

September .175 .664 .763 1.605

October .181 .702 (R) .832 (R) 1.720

November .183 .694 (R) .782 1.662

December .185 .746 (R) .793 (R) 1.730

Total 2.132 8.372 (R) 9.401 (R) 19.955

2004 January .183 .794 .827 1.808

February .179 .750 (R) .811 1.750

March .187 .737 .830 1.764

April .172 .689 .753 1.637

May .171 .669 .818 1.696

June .170 (R) .660 (R) .753 (R) 1.602

July .170 (R) .671 .780 (R) 1.630

August .172 (R) .682 .845 (R) 1.706

September .171 .667 .784 1.620

October .191 .693 .875 1.765

10-Month Total 1.765 7.012 8.077 16.978

2003 10-Month Total 1.764 6.932 7.827 16.563

2002 10-Month Total 1.734 7.405 7.779 16.964

Primary Consumption

Renewable Energy (a)

Wood (e)

Hydro- and Geo-

power (d) Waste (f) thermal (g) Total

1973 Total 0.035 1.165 NA 1.200

1974 Total .033 1.159 NA 1.192

1975 Total .032 1.063 NA 1.096

1976 Total .033 1.220 NA 1.253

1977 Total .033 1.281 NA 1.314

1978 Total .032 1.400 NA 1.432

1979 Total .034 1.405 NA 1.439

1980 Total .033 1.600 NA 1.633

1981 Total .033 1.689 NA 1.722

1982 Total .033 1.634 NA 1.667

1983 Total .033 1.845 NA 1.879

1984 Total .033 1.883 NA 1.916

1985 Total .033 1.875 NA 1.908

1986 Total .033 1.866 NA 1.899

1987 Total .033 1.858 NA 1.891

1988 Total .033 1.933 NA 1.965

1989 Total .028 1.784 .002 1.814

1990 Total .031 1.634 .002 1.667

1991 Total .030 1.595 .002 1.626

1992 Total .031 1.640 .002 1.672

1993 Total .030 1.664 .002 1.696

1994 Total .062 1.779 .003 1.844

1995 Total .055 1.847 .003 1.905

1996 Total .061 1.907 .003 1.971

1997 Total .058 1.915 .003 1.976

1998 Total .055 1.784 .003 1.841

1999 Total .049 1.791 .004 1.843

2000 Total .042 1.781 .004 1.828

2001 Total .032 1.593 .005 1.630

2002 January .003 .145 (s) .149

February .003 .128 (s) .131

March .003 .130 (s) .138

April .003 .135 (s) .139

May .003 .144 (s) .147

June .003 .136 (s) .139

July .003 .151 (s) .154

August .003 .130 (s) .141

September .002 .145 (s) .148

October .003 .156 (s) .159

November .005 .143 (s) .148

December .005 .149 (s) .155

Total .039 1.705 .005 1.748

2003 January .004 (R) .140 (s) (R) .144

February (R) .003 (R) .128 (s) (R) .131

March (R) .004 (R) .138 (s) (R) .142

April (R) .002 .137 (s) (R) .139

May (R) .004 (R) .137 (s) .141

June (R) .004 (R) .134 (s) (R) .138

July (R) .004 (R) .144 (s) .148

August (R) .004 (R) .141 (s) (R) .145

September (R) .003 (R) .136 (s) (R) .139

October (R) .003 (R) .140 (s) (R) .144

November .004 (R) .137 (s) (R) .141

December (R) .005 (R) .147 (s) (R) .153

Total (R) .043 (R) 1.659 .005 (R) 1.707

2004 January .005 .150 (s) (R) .155

February (R) .005 .138 (s) (R) .143

March .004 (R) .142 (s) (R) .146

April .004 .145 (s) .149

May (s)

June .003 (R) .142 (s) (R) .146

July .003 (R) .148 (s) (R) .152

August .004 .145 (s) .149

September .005 (R) .138 (s) (R) .143

October .004 .140 (s) .151

10-Month Total .041 1.435 .004 1.479

2003 10-Month Total .034 1.374 .004 1.413

2002 10-Month Total .029 1.413 .004 1.446

Primary

Consumption

Electrical

Electricity System

Total Retail Energy,

Primary Sales (h) Losses (i) Total (c)

1973 Total 24.741 2.341 5.571 32.653

1974 Total 23.816 2.337 5.666 31.819

1975 Total 21.454 2.346 5.647 29.447

1976 Total 22.685 2.573 6.171 31.429

1977 Total 23.193 2.682 6.432 32.307

1978 Total 23.277 2.761 6.696 32.733

1979 Total 24.211 2.873 6.878 33.962

1980 Total 22.673 2.781 6.698 32.152

1981 Total 21.404 2.817 6.615 30.836

1982 Total 19.112 2.542 6.050 27.704

1983 Total 18.598 2.648 6.265 27.511

1984 Total 20.208 2.859 6.576 29.643

1985 Total 19.540 2.855 6.563 28.958

1986 Total 19.133 2.834 6.408 28.375

1987 Total 20.046 2.928 6.545 29.519

1988 Total 20.958 3.059 6.801 30.818

1989 Total 20.888 3.158 7.349 31.396

1990 Total 21.235 3.226 7.457 31.918

1991 Total 20.903 3.230 7.394 31.527

1992 Total 21.806 3.319 7.548 32.673

1993 Total 21.738 3.334 7.596 32.668

1994 Total 22.376 3.439 7.742 33.557

1995 Total 22.643 3.455 7.842 33.941

1996 Total 23.364 3.527 8.014 34.905

1997 Total 23.608 3.542 8.017 35.167

1998 Total 23.067 3.587 8.124 34.777

1999 Total 22.826 3.611 8.242 34.679

2000 Total 22.740 3.631 8.245 34.616

2001 Total 21.834 3.290 7.404 32.527

2002 January 1.970 .261 .568 2.799

February 1.807 .261 .544 2.611

March 1.928 .267 .605 2.799

April 1.807 .269 .605 2.682

May 1.840 .281 .652 2.772

June 1.751 .281 .655 2.687

July 1.824 .292 .674 2.791

August 1.841 .296 .659 2.795

September 1.758 .287 .606 2.651

October 1.884 .286 .616 2.786

November 1.869 .270 .617 2.755

December 1.817 .266 .618 2.701

Total 22.096 3.317 7.416 32.830

2003 January (R) 1.956 (R) .279 (R) .620 (R) 2.855

February (R) 1.844 (R) .270 (R) .563 (R) 2.678

March (R) 1.856 (R) .274 (R) .611 (R) 2.741

April (R) 1.766 (R) .279 (R) .628 (R) 2.674

May 1.746 (R) .286 (R) .672 (R) 2.704

June (R) 1.646 (R) .292 (R) .684 (R) 2.622

July (R) 1.771 (R) .299 (R) .682 (R) 2.751

August (R) 1.781 (R) .308 (R) .697 (R) 2.786

September (R) 1.745 (R) .293 (R) .606 (R) 2.644

October (R) 1.864 (R) .296 (R) .651 (R) 2.812

November (R) 1.803 (R) .282 (R) .649 (R) 2.734

December (R) 1.882 (R) .280 (R) .642 (R) 2.803

Total (R) 21.661 (R) 3.439 (R) 7.700 (R) 32.801

2004 January 1.964 .274 (R) .620 (R) 2.859

February 1.893 (R) .272 (R) .585 (R) 2.750

March (R) 1.910 .284 (R) .620 (R) 2.814

April 1.786 .285 (R) .620 (R) 2.691

May .299 .713 (R) 2.852

June (R) 1.748 .298 (R) .668 (R) 2.714

July (R) 1.782 .302 (R) .684 (R) 2.768

August (R) 1.855 .306 .681 (R) 2.842

September (R) 1.764 .294 (R) .633 (R) 2.691

October 1.916 .293 .649 2.859

10-Month Total 18.458 2.908 6.472 27.838

2003 10-Month Total 17.976 2.877 6.415 27.268

2002 10-Month Total 18.410 2.781 6.183 27.375

(a) All values are estimated; see Table 10.2b.

(b) Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels that

cannot be identified separately.

(c) Includes coal coke net imports, which are not separately displayed.

See Table 1.4.

(d) Conventional hydroelectric power.

(e) Wood, black liquor, and other wood waste.

(f) Municipal solid waste, landfill gas, sludge waste, tires,

agricultural byproducts, and other biomass.

(g) Geothermal heat pump and direct use energy.

(h) Electricity retail sales to ultimate customers reported by electric

utilities and other energy service providers.

(i) See Note 12 at end of section.

R=Revised. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu.

Notes: * Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent

rounding. * Geographic coverage is the 50 States and the District of

Columbia.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/consump.html.

Additional Notes and Sources: See end of section.

Table 2.5 Transportation Sector Energy Consumption

(Quadrillion Btu)

Primary Consumption

Fossil Fuels

Natural Petroleum

Coal Gas (b) (c,d)

1973 Total 0.003 0.743 17.831

1974 Total .002 .685 17.399

1975 Total .001 .595 17.614

1976 Total (s) .559 18.506

1977 Total (s) .543 19.241

1978 Total (h) .539 20.041

1979 Total (h) .612 19.825

1980 Total (h) .650 19.008

1981 Total (h) .658 18.811

1982 Total (h) .612 18.420

1983 Total (h) .505 18.593

1984 Total (h) .545 19.216

1985 Total (h) .519 19.504

1986 Total (h) .499 20.269

1987 Total (h) .535 20.870

1988 Total (h) .632 21.629

1989 Total (h) .649 21.848

1990 Total (h) .680 21.792

1991 Total (h) .620 21.448

1992 Total (h) .608 21.798

1993 Total (h) .645 (d) 22.185

1994 Total (h) .709 22.739

1995 Total (h) .724 23.181

1996 Total (h) .737 23.719

1997 Total (h) .780 23.973

1998 Total (h) .666 24.635

1999 Total (h) .675 25.375

2000 Total (h) .672 25.973

2001 Total (h) .659 25.556

2002 January (h) .076 2.044

February (h) .069 1.869

March (h) .069 2.127

April (h) .057 2.131

May (h) .049 2.230

June (h) .048 2.210

July (h) .053 2.287

August (h) .052 2.290

September (h) .047 2.131

October (h) .050 2.183

November (h) .058 2.151

December (h) .073 2.272

Total .702 25.924

2003 January (h) .081 (R) 2.058

February (h) .075 (R) 1.915

March (h) .066 (R) 2.139

April (h) .052 (R) 2.130

May (h) .046 2.205

June (h) .041 (R) 2.201

July (h) .048 2.288

August (h) .049 2.342

September (h) (R) .043 2.182

October (h) .047 (R) 2.246

November (h) .053 2.148

December (h) .068 (R) 2.281

Total (h) .670 (R) 26.136

2004 January (h) (E) .080 2.108

February (h) (E) .075 2.031

March (h) (E) .063 2.193

April (h) (E) .053 2.199

May (h) (E) .047 (R) 2.264

June (h) (E) .044 2.242

July (h) (E) .047 2.341

August (h) (E) .047 2.313

September (h) (R)(E) .045 2.236

October (h) (E) .046 2.293

10-Month Total (h) (E) .548 22.221

2003 10-Month Total (h) .549 21.707

2002 10-Month Total (h) .571 21.501

Primary Consumption

Renewable

Energy (a)

Alcohol Total

Total Fuels (d,e) Primary (d)

1973 Total 18.576 NA 18.576

1974 Total 18.086 NA 18.086

1975 Total 18.209 NA 18.209

1976 Total 19.065 NA 19.065

1977 Total 19.784 NA 19.784

1978 Total 20.580 NA 20.580

1979 Total 20.436 NA 20.436

1980 Total 19.658 NA 19.658

1981 Total 19.469 .007 19.476

1982 Total 19.032 .019 19.051

1983 Total 19.098 .035 19.133

1984 Total 19.761 .043 19.804

1985 Total 20.023 .052 20.075

1986 Total 20.768 .060 20.828

1987 Total 21.405 .069 21.474

1988 Total 22.261 .070 22.331

1989 Total 22.497 .071 22.568

1990 Total 22.472 .063 22.535

1991 Total 22.069 .073 22.142

1992 Total 22.406 .083 22.489

1993 Total 22.830 (d) .097 (d) 22.830

1994 Total 23.448 .109 23.448

1995 Total 23.905 .117 23.905

1996 Total 24.456 .084 24.456

1997 Total 24.753 .106 24.753

1998 Total 25.301 .117 25.301

1999 Total 26.050 .122 26.050

2000 Total 26.645 .139 26.645

2001 Total 26.215 .147 26.215

2002 January 2.120 .013 2.120

February 1.938 .012 1.938

March 2.196 .012 2.196

April 2.188 .012 2.188

May 2.279 .014 2.279

June 2.258 .012 2.258

July 2.340 .015 2.340

August 2.342 .014 2.342

September 2.178 .015 2.178

October 2.233 .017 2.233

November 2.209 .020 2.209

December 2.345 .019 2.345

Total 26.626 .174 26.626

2003 January (R) 2.139 .017 (R) 2.139

February 1.991 .020 1.991

March (R) 2.206 .017 (R) 2.206

April (R) 2.182 .020 (R) 2.182

May 2.251 .019 2.251

June 2.243 .019 2.243

July 2.336 .020 2.336

August (R) 2.392 .021 (R) 2.392

September 2.224 .018 2.224

October (R) 2.293 .021 (R) 2.293

November 2.201 .024 2.201

December 2.349 .025 2.349

Total (R) 26.806 .239 (R) 26.806

2004 January (R) 2.189 .024 (R) 2.189

February 2.106 .022 2.106

March 2.257 .024 2.257

April 2.252 .024 2.252

May (R) 2.311 .025 (R) 2.311

June 2.286 .025 2.286

July 2.388 .025 2.388

August 2.361 .024 2.361

September (R) 2.281 .026 (R) 2.281

October 2.339 .025 2.339

10-Month Total 22.769 .244 22.769

2003 10-Month Total 22.256 .190 22.256

2002 10-Month Total 22.072 .136 22.072

Electrical

Electricity System

Retail Energy

Sales (f) Losses (g) Total (d)

1973 Total 0.011 0.025 18.612

1974 Total .010 .024 18.119

1975 Total .010 .024 18.244

1976 Total .010 .024 19.099

1977 Total .010 .025 19.820

1978 Total .010 .024 20.615

1979 Total .010 .024 20.471

1980 Total .011 .027 19.696

1981 Total .011 .026 19.513

1982 Total .011 .026 19.088

1983 Total .013 .030 19.176

1984 Total .014 .033 19.851

1985 Total .014 .033 20.122

1986 Total .015 .034 20.877

1987 Total .016 .035 21.524

1988 Total .016 .035 22.382

1989 Total .016 .038 22.622

1990 Total .016 .037 22.589

1991 Total .016 .037 22.195

1992 Total .016 .037 22.542

1993 Total .016 .037 (d) 22.883

1994 Total .017 .038 23.503

1995 Total .017 .039 23.960

1996 Total .017 .038 24.511

1997 Total .017 .038 24.808

1998 Total .017 .038 25.357

1999 Total .017 .040 26.108

2000 Total .018 .042 26.705

2001 Total .019 .042 26.276

2002 January .001 .003 2.124

February .001 .003 1.942

March .001 .003 2.200

April .001 .003 2.193

May .001 .003 2.284

June .002 .004 2.263

July .002 .004 2.346

August .002 .004 2.347

September .002 .004 2.183

October .002 .003 2.238

November .001 .003 2.214

December .001 .003 2.349

Total .018 .039 26.683

2003 January (R) .002 (R) .005 (R) 2.146

February (R) .002 (R) .004 (R) 1.997

March (R) .002 (R) .004 (R) 2.212

April (R) .002 (R) .004 2.188

May (R) .002 (R) .004 (R) 2.258

June .002 (R) .005 (R) 2.249

July .002 (R) .005 (R) 2.343

August .002 (R) .005 (R) 2.398

September .002 (R) .004 (R) 2.231

October .002 (R) .004 (R) 2.299

November (R) .002 (R) .004 (R) 2.207

December .002 (R) .004 (R) 2.355

Total (R) .024 (R) .053 (R) 26.884

2004 January .002 .005 (R) 2.196

February .002 .005 (R) 2.114

March .002 (R) .005 (R) 2.263

April .002 (R) .005 2.258

May .002 (R) .005 (R) 2.317

June .002 (R) .005 (R) 2.293

July .002 .005 (R) 2.396

August .002 .005 2.368

September .002 .005 (R) 2.288

October .002 .005 2.346

10-Month Total .022 .048 22.839

2003 10-Month Total .020 .045 22.321

2002 10-Month Total .015 .033 22.120

(a) All values are estimated; see Table 10.2b.

(b) Natural gas consumed in the operation of pipelines (primarily in

compressors) and small amounts consumed as vehicle fuel. See Table 4.4.

(c) Beginning in 1993, includes ethanol blended into motor gasoline.

(d) Beginning in 1993, ethanol blended into motor gasoline is included

in both “Petroleum” and “Alcohol Fuels,” but is counted only once in

both total primary consumption and total consumption.

(e) “Alcohol Fuels” is ethanol blended into motor gasoline.

(f) Electricity retail sales to ultimate customers reported by electric

utilities and, be inning in 1996, other energy service providers.

(g) See Note 12 at end of Section.

(h) Since 1978, the small amounts of coal consumed for transportation

are reported as industrial sector consumption.

(R)=Revised. (E)=Estimate. NA=Not available.

(s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu.

Notes: * Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent

rounding. * Geographic coverage is the 50 States and the District of

Columbia.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/consump.html.

Additional Notes and Sources: See end of section.

Table 2.6 Electric Power Sector Energy Consumption

(Quadrillion Btu)

Primary Consumption

Fossil Fuels

Natural

Coal Gas (a) Petroleum Total

1973 Total 8.658 3.748 3.515 15.921

1974 Total 8.534 3.519 3.365 15.418

1975 Total 8.786 3.240 3.166 15.191

1976 Total 9.720 3.152 3.477 16.349

1977 Total 10.262 3.284 3.901 17.446

1978 Total 10.238 3.297 3.987 17.522

1979 Total 11.260 3.613 3.283 18.156

1980 Total 12.123 3.810 2.634 18.567

1981 Total 12.583 3.768 2.202 18.553

1982 Total 12.582 3.342 1.568 17.491

1983 Total 13.213 2.998 1.544 17.754

1984 Total 14.019 3.220 1.286 18.526

1985 Total 14.542 3.160 1.090 18.792

1986 Total 14.444 2.691 1.452 18.586

1987 Total 15.173 2.935 1.257 19.365

1988 Total 15.850 2.709 1.563 20.123

1989 Total 16.137 3.192 1.703 21.032

1990 Total 16.261 3.332 1.289 20.883

1991 Total 16.250 3.399 1.198 20.847

1992 Total 16.466 3.534 .991 20.990

1993 Total 17.196 3.560 1.124 21.880

1994 Total 17.261 4.000 1.059 22.320

1995 Total 17.466 4.325 .755 22.546

1996 Total 18.429 3.883 .817 23.129

1997 Total 18.905 4.146 .927 23.977

1998 Total 19.216 4.698 1.306 25.220

1999 Total 19.279 4.926 1.211 25.416

2000 Total 20.220 5.316 1.144 26.680

2001 Total 19.614 5.481 1.277 26.371

2002 January 1.668 .389 .067 2.124

February 1.460 .351 .057 1.868

March 1.535 .415 .084 2.033

April 1.448 .412 .079 1.939

May 1.549 .418 .082 2.049

June 1.691 .562 .082 2.335

July 1.877 .749 .102 2.728

August 1.857 .732 .102 2.691

September 1.703 .580 .082 2.365

October 1.633 .451 .081 2.166

November 1.605 .359 .062 2.026

December 1.756 .367 .081 2.205

Total 19.783 5.785 .961 26.529

2003 January (R) 1.862 (R) .392 .126 (R) 2.380

February (R) 1.619 (R) .343 (R) .109 (R) 2.071

March (R) 1.601 (R) .370 (R) .103 (R) 2.074

April 1.467 (R) .361 (R) .089 (R) 1.917

May (R) 1.565 (R) .404 .081 (R) 2.049

June (R) 1.698 (R) .446 (R) .111 (R) 2.255

July (R) 1.895 (R) .646 .124 (R) 2.665

August (R) 1.927 (R) .701 .128 (R) 2.756

September (R) 1.718 (R) .480 .088 (R) 2.286

October (R) 1.648 (R) .419 (R) .085 (R) 2.152

November (R) 1.655 (R) .357 (R) .065 (R) 2.077

December (R) 1.829 (R) .344 (R) .098 (R) 2.272

Total (R) 20.485 (R) 5.264 (R) 1.205 (R) 26.954

2004 January (R) 1.869 (R) .361 (R) .148 (R) 2.378

February (R) 1.680 (R) .375 .091 (R) 2.146

March (R) 1.586 (R) .377 .095 (R) 2.058

April (R) 1.473 (R) .393 .089 (R) 1.954

May (R) 1.643 (R) .485 (R) .103 (R) 2.231

June (R) 1.753 (R) .512 .108 (R) 2.373

July (R) 1.901 (R) .631 .121 (R) 2.653

August 1.879 (R) .614 .112 (R) 2.605

September (R) 1.740 (R) .532 .088 (R) 2.360

October 1.657 .443 .077 2.177

10-Month Total 17.181 4.724 1.031 22.936

2003 10-Month Total 17.001 4.563 1.041 22.605

2002 10-Month Total 16.422 5.059 0.818 22.298

Primary Consumption

Renewable Energy

Hydro-

Nuclear electric Conventional Wood (c)

Electric Pumped Hydroelectric and

Power Storage (b) Power Wasted

1973 Total 0.910 (h) 2.827 0.003

1974 Total 1.272 (h) 3.143 .003

1975 Total 1.900 (h) 3.122 .002

1976 Total 2.111 (h) 2.943 .003

1977 Total 2.702 (h) 2.301 .005

1978 Total 3.024 (h) 2.905 .003

1979 Total 2.776 (h) 2.897 .005

1980 Total 2.739 (h) 2.867 .005

1981 Total 3.008 (h) 2.725 .004

1982 Total 3.131 (h) 3.233 .003

1983 Total 3.203 (h) 3.494 .004

1984 Total 3.553 (h) 3.353 .009

1985 Total 4.076 (h) 2.937 .014

1986 Total 4.380 (h) 3.038 .012

1987 Total 4.754 (h) 2.602 .015

1988 Total 5.587 (h) 2.302 .017

1989 Total 5.602 (h) 2.808 .232

1990 Total 6.104 -.036 3.014 .317

1991 Total 6.422 -.047 2.985 .354

1992 Total 6.479 -.043 2.586 .402

1993 Total 6.410 -.042 2.861 .415

1994 Total 6.694 -.035 2.620 .434

1995 Total 7.075 -.028 3.149 .422

1996 Total 7.087 -.032 3.528 .438

1997 Total 6.597 -.041 3.581 .446

1998 Total 7.068 -.046 3.241 .444

1999 Total 7.610 -.062 3.218 .453

2000 Total 7.862 -.057 2.768 .453

2001 Total 8.033 -.090 2.169 .450

2002 January .740 -.008 .218 .043

February .644 -.006 .201 .037

March .658 -.007 .210 .043

April .610 -.006 .242 .040

May .658 -.005 .267 .041

June .693 -.009 .283 .043

July .735 -.010 .255 .046

August .739 -.009 .211 .046

September .673 -.008 .170 .045

October .631 -.007 .170 .043

November .642 -.007 .195 .043

December .719 -.007 .214 .046

Total 8.143 -.088 2.636 .516

2003 January .722 -.008 (R) .205 (R) .045

February .636 -.008 (R) .197 (R) .039

March .626 -.008 .241 (R) .044

April .593 -.006 .248 (R) .041

May .649 -.006 (R) .293 (R) .042

June .670 -.008 (R) .285 (R) .043

July .727 -.008 (R) .247 .046

August .721 -.008 (R) .228 (R) .047

September .664 -.008 (R) .183 (R) .043

October .627 -.006 (R) .183 (R) .042

November .622 -.007 (R) .196 (R) .043

December .716 -.007 .238 (R) .046

Total 7.973 (R) -.086 (R) 2.744 (R) .522

2004 January .739 (R) -.007 .230 (R) .042

February .669 (R) -.007 .209 .040

March (R) .660 (R) -.006 (R) .227 .042

April .612 (R) -.006 (R) .209 .040

May .678 -.007 (R) .238 (R) .042

June .708 -.007 .252 (R) .042

July .751 -.007 .231 .046

August .742 -.008 (R) .216 .045

September .688 (R) -.007 .203 (R) .041

October .653 -.007 .188 .041

10-Month Total 6.900 -.069 2.203 .421

2003 10-Month Total 6.634 -.073 2.310 .432

2002 10-Month Total 6.782 -.075 2.227 .427

Renewable Energy

Solar (f)

Geo- and

thermal (e) Wind (g) Total

1973 Total 0.043 NA 2.873

1974 Total .053 NA 3.199

1975 Total .070 NA 3.194

1976 Total .078 NA 3.024

1977 Total .077 NA 2.383

1978 Total .064 NA 2.973

1979 Total .084 NA 2.986

1980 Total .110 NA 2.982

1981 Total .123 NA 2.852

1982 Total .105 NA 3.341

1983 Total .129 (s) 3.627

1984 Total .165 (s) 3.527

1985 Total .198 (s) 3.150

1986 Total .219 (s) 3.270

1987 Total .229 (s) 2.846

1988 Total .217 (s) 2.536

1989 Total .308 .025 3.372

1990 Total .326 .033 3.689

1991 Total .335 .036 3.710

1992 Total .338 .034 3.360

1993 Total .351 .036 3.662

1994 Total .325 .041 3.420

1995 Total .280 .038 3.889

1996 Total .300 .039 4.305

1997 Total .309 .039 4.375

1998 Total .311 .036 4.032

1999 Total .312 .051 4.034

2000 Total .296 .062 3.579

2001 Total .289 .074 2.982

2002 January .027 .008 .296

February .024 .007 .270

March .026 .009 .288

April .023 .011 .316

May .026 .011 .345

June .024 .012 .362

July .027 .010 .337

August .026 .011 .293

September .025 .008 .248

October .026 .008 .247

November .025 .007 .270

December .026 .008 .293

Total .305 .110 3.567

2003 January (R) .026 (R) .007 (R) .283

February (R) .024 (R) .008 (R) .267

March (R) .025 .011 (R) .321

April (R) .025 .012 (R) .325

May (R) .025 (R) .011 (R) .370

June (R) .026 (R) .012 (R) .366

July (R) .026 .010 (R) .330

August (R) .026 .009 (R) .309

September (R) .025 (R) .010 (R) .261

October (R) .025 (R) .009 (R) .260

November (R) .024 .010 (R) .273

December (R) .027 .011 .322

Total (R) .303 (R) .118 (R) 3.687

2004 January .026 (R) .011 (R) .309

February .025 (R) .011 .284

March .025 (R) .014 (R) .308

April .024 (R) .014 .286

May .025 (R) .018 .323

June .025 .015 .333

July .260 .012 .315

August .026 .011 (R) .297

September .024 .012 .280

October .026 .011 .266

10-Month Total .251 .127 3.003

2003 10-Month Total .252 .097 3.092

2002 10-Month Total .254 .096 3.003

Electricity

Net Total

Imports Primary

1973 Total 0.049 19.753

1974 Total .043 19.933

1975 Total .021 20.307

1976 Total .029 21.513

1977 Total .059 22.591

1978 Total .067 23.587

1979 Total .069 23.987

1980 Total .071 24.359

1981 Total .113 24.525

1982 Total .100 24.063

1983 Total .121 24.705

1984 Total .135 25.741

1985 Total .140 26.158

1986 Total .122 26.359

1987 Total .158 27.124

1988 Total .108 28.354

1989 Total .037 30.044

1990 Total .008 30.647

1991 Total .067 30.999

1992 Total .087 30.873

1993 Total .095 32.006

1994 Total .153 32.551

1995 Total .134 33.616

1996 Total .137 34.626

1997 Total .116 35.024

1998 Total .088 36.363

1999 Total .099 37.097

2000 Total .115 38.180

2001 Total .075 37.372

2002 January .009 3.162

February .007 2.782

March .006 2.978

April .006 2.866

May .003 3.050

June .007 3.388

July .012 3.803

August .010 3.724

September .006 3.284

October .005 3.042

November .004 2.935

December .003 3.214

Total .078 38.228

2003 January .005 (R) 3.383

February .004 (R) 2.971

March -.001 (R) 3.012

April .003 (R) 2.832

May .001 (R) 3.064

June .001 (R) 3.284

July .010 (R) 3.724

August .008 (R) 3.785

September -.002 (R) 3.202

October -.006 (R) 3.025

November -.003 (R) 2.962

December .001 (R) 3.304

Total .022 (R) 38.549

2004 January (s) (R) 3.419

February .000 (R) 3.092

March -.003 (R) 3.017

April (s) (R) 2.846

May .001 (R) 3.226

June .002 (R) 3.409

July .010 (R) 3.723

August .012 (R) 3.648

September .003 (R) 3.324

October .004 3.093

10-Month Total .028 32.798

2003 10-Month Total .024 32.283

2002 10-Month Total .071 32.080

(a) Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels that

cannot be identified separately.

(b) Pumped storage facility production minus energy used for pumping.

(c) Wood, black liquor, and other wood waste.

(d) Municipal solid waste, landfill gas, sludge waste, tires,

agricultural byproducts, and other biomass.

(e) Geothermal electricity net generation.

(f) Solar thermal and photovoltaic electricity net generation.

(g) Wind electricity net generation.

(h) Included in conventional hydroelectric power.

(i) Through 1988, data are for consumption at electric utilities only.

Beginning in 1989, data also include consumption at independent power

producers.

(R)=Revised. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu.

Notes: * Data are for fuels consumed to produce electricity and useful

thermal output. The electric power sector comprises electricity-only

and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants within the NAICS 22 category

whose primary business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat,

to the public. * Totals may not equal sum of components due to

independent rounding. * Geographic coverage is the 50 States and the

District of Columbia.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/consump.html.

Additional Notes and Sources: See end of section.

Figure 2.1 Energy Consumption by Sector

[GRAPHICS OMITTED]

By Sector, October 2004

Primary Consumption Total Consumption

Residential 0.387 1.412

Commercial 0.246 1.365

Industrial 1.916 2.859

Transportation 2.339 2.346

Electric Power 3.093

Note: Because vertical scales differ, graphs should not be compared.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/consump.html

Source: Table 2.1

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Figure 2.2 Residential Sector Energy Consumption

[GRAPHICS OMITTED]

Total, January-October

2002 17.051

2003 17.489

2004 17.539

Note: Table made from bar graph.

By Major Sources, October 2004

Natural Gas 0.222

Electricity 0.319

Petroleum 0.128

Note: Because vertical scales differ, graphs should not be compared.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/consump.html.

Source: Table 2.2

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Figure 2.3 Commercial Sector Energy Consumption

[GRAPHICS OMITTED]

Total, January-October

2002 14.521

2003 14.456

2004 14.590

By Major Sources, October 2004

Natural Gas 0.169

Electricity 0.348

Petroleum 0.061

Note: Because vertical scales differ, graphs should not be compared.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/consump.html.

Source: Table 2.3

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Figure 2.4 Industrial Sector Energy Consumption

[GRAPHICS OMITTED]

Total, January-October

2002 27.375

2003 27.268

2994 27.838

By Major Sources, October 2004

Petroleum 0.875

Natural Gas 0.693

Electricity 0.293

Renewable Energy 0.151

Coal 0.191

Note: Because vertical scales differ, graphs should not be compared.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/consump.html.

Source: Table 2.4

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Figure 2.5 Transportation Sector Energy Consumption

[GRAPHICS OMITTED]

Total, January-October

2002 22.120

2003 22.321

2004 22.839

Note: Because vertical scales differ, graphs should not be compared.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/consump.html.

Source: Table 2.5

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Figure 2.6 Electric Power Sector Energy Consumption

[GRAPHICS OMITTED]

Total, January-October

2002 32.080

2003 32.283

2004 32.798

(a) Conventional and pumped storage hydroelectric power.

Note: Because vertical scales differ, graphs should not be compared.

By Major Sources, October 2004

Coal 1.657

Nuclear Electric Power 0.653

Natural Gas 0.443

Hydroelectric Power (a) 0.182

Petroleum 0.077

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/consump.html.

Source: Table 2.6.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Energy Consumption by Sector

Most of the data in this section of the Monthly Energy Review (MER) is developed from a group of energy-related surveys, typically called “supply surveys,” conducted by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). Supply surveys are directed to suppliers and marketers of specific energy sources. They measure the quantities of specific energy sources produced, or the quantities supplied to the market, or both. The data obtained from EIA’s supply surveys are integrated to yield the summary consumption statistics published in this section (and in Section 1) of the MER.

Users of EIA’s energy consumption statistics should be aware of a second group of energy-related surveys, typically called “consumption surveys.” Consumption surveys gather information on the types of energy consumed by end users of energy, along with the characteristics of those end users that can be associated with energy use. For example, the Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey belongs to the consumption survey group because it collects information directly from end users (the manufacturing establishments). There are important differences between the supply and consumption surveys that need to be taken into account in any analysis that uses both data sources. For information on those differences, see Energy Consumption by End-Use Sector, A Comparison of Measures by Consumption and Supply Surveys, DOE/EIA-0533, Energy Information Administration, Washington, DC, April 6, 1990.

Note 1. Energy Consumption:

Primary Consumption: Consumption in the five energy-use sectors (residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, and electric power) consists of fossil fuels (coal, natural gas, and petroleum), some secondary energy derived from fossil fuels (supplemental gaseous fuels and coal coke net imports), nuclear electric power, pumped-storage hydroelectric power, renewable energy, and net imports of electricity. Renewable energy consumption is the end-use consumption of wood, waste, alcohol fuels, geothermal heat pump and direct use energy, solar thermal direct use and photovoltaic energy and net electricity generation from conventional hydroelectric power, wood, waste, geothermal, solar, and wind.

Total Consumption: In addition to primary consumption in the four end-use sectors (residential, commercial, industrial, and transportation), total consumption also includes retail sales of electricity and electrical system energy losses (see Note 12).

Note 2. Energy-Use Sectors: The five major economic sectors–residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, and electric power–are called energy-use sectors in this report. The first four sectors comprise the end-use sectors, that is, the point of final consumption of the energy. Energy consumption is assigned to the five energy-use sectors, as closely as possible, by the following definitions:

Residential Sector–An energy-consuming sector that consists of living quarters for private households. Common uses of energy associated with this sector include space heating, water heating, air conditioning, lighting, refrigeration, cooking, and running a variety of other appliances. The residential sector excludes institutional living quarters. For further explanation see: http://www.eia.doe.gov/neic/datadefinitions/Guideforwebres.htm.

Commercial Sector–An energy-consuming sector that consists of service-providing facilities and equipment of: businesses; Federal, State, and local governments; and other private and public organizations, such as religious, social, or fraternal groups. The commercial sector includes institutional living quarters. Common uses of energy associated with this sector include space heating, water heating, air conditioning, lighting, refrigeration, cooking, and running a wide variety of other equipment. Note: This sector includes generators that produce electricity and/or useful thermal output primarily to support the activities of the abovementioned commercial establishments. For further information, see: http://www.eia.doe.gov/neic/datadefinitions/Guideforwebcom.htm.

Industrial Sector–An energy-consuming sector that consists of all facilities and equipment used for producing, processing, or assembling goods. The industrial sector encompasses the following types of activity: manufacturing (NAICS (North American Industry Classification System) codes 31-33); agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting (NAICS code 11); mining, including oil and gas extraction (NAICS code 21); and construction (NAICS code 23). Overall energy use in this sector is largely for process heat and cooling and powering machinery, with lesser amounts used for facility heating, air conditioning, and lighting. Fossil fuels are also used as raw material inputs to manufactured products. Note: This sector includes generators that produce electricity and/or useful thermal output primarily to support the above-mentioned industrial activities. For further information, see: http://www.eia.doe.gov/neic/datadefinitions/Guideforwebind.htm.

Transportation Sector–An energy-consuming sector that consists of all vehicles whose primary purpose is transporting people and/or goods from one physical location to another. Included are automobiles; trucks; buses; motorcycles; trains, subways, and other rail vehicles; aircraft; and ships, barges, and other waterborne vehicles. Vehicles whose primary purpose is not transportation (e.g., construction cranes and bulldozers, farming vehicles, and warehouse tractors and forklifts) are classified in the sector of their primary use. Note: Various EIA programs differ in sectoral coverage. For further information see: http://www.eia.doe.gov/neic/datadefinitons/Guideforwebtrans.htm.

Electric Power Sector–An energy-consuming sector that consists of electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants whose primary business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to the public–i.e., North American Industry Classification System 22 plants.

Although the energy-use allocations are made according to these aggregations as closely as possible, some data are collected by using different classifications. For example, electric power facilities may classify commercial and industrial users by the quantity of electricity purchased rather than by the business activity of the purchaser. Natural gas used in agriculture, forestry, and fisheries was collected and reported in the commercial sector through 1995. Beginning with 1996 data, deliveries of natural gas for agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting are reported in the industrial sector instead. Another example is master-metered condominiums and apartments, and buildings with a combination of residential and commercial units. In many cases, the metering and billing practices cause residential energy usage of electricity, natural gas, or fuel oil to be included in the commercial sector. No adjustments for these discrepancies were made.

Note 3. Conversion Factors: See Appendix A.

Note 4. Coal: See Tables 6.2 and A5.

Note 5. Coal Coke Net Imports: Net imports means imports minus exports, and a minus sign indicates that exports are greater than imports. Coal coke net imports are included in the industrial sector.

Sources :

1973-1975: DOI, BOM, Minerals Yearbook, “Coke and Coal Chemicals” chapter.

1976-1980: EIA, Energy Data Report, “Coke and Coal Chemicals” annual.

1981: EIA, Energy Data Report, “Coke Plant Report,” quarterly.

1982 forward: EIA, Quarterly Coal Report.

Note 6. Natural Gas: See Tables 4.4 and A4. For Section 2 calculations, lease and plant fuel consumption are included in the industrial sector, and pipeline fuel use of natural gas is included in the transportation sector. For 1973-1979, annual values for residential and commercial natural gas consumption are allocated to the months in proportion to the monthly sales data from the American Gas Association, “Monthly Gas Utility Statistical Report.”

Note 7. Petroleum: Petroleum consumption in this section of the Monthly Energy Review (MER) is the series called “petroleum product supplied” from Section 3.

The sources for petroleum product supplied by product are:

1973-1975: DOI, BOM, Mineral Industry Surveys, “Petroleum Statement, Annual.”

1976-1980: EIA, Energy Data Reports, “Petroleum Statement, Annual.”

1981-2003: EIA, Petroleum Supply Annual.

2004 forward: EIA, Petroleum Supply Monthly.

Energy-use allocation procedures by individual product are as follows:

Aviation Gasoline–All consumption of aviation gasoline is assigned to the transportation sector.

Asphalt–All consumption of asphalt is assigned to the industrial sector.

Distillate Fuel–Distillate fuel consumption is assigned to the sectors as follows:

Distillate Fuel Consumed by the Electric Power Sector, All Time Periods–See Tables 7.3b and 7.4b. For 1973-1979, electric utility consumption of distillate fuel is assumed to be the amount of petroleum (minus small amounts of kerosene and kerosene-type jet fuel deliveries) consumed in gas turbine and internal combustion plants. For 1980-2000, electric utility consumption of distillate fuel is assumed to be the amount of light oil (fuel oil nos. 1 and 2, plus small amounts of kerosene and jet fuel) consumed.

Distillate Fuel Consumed by End-Use Sectors, Annually Through 2000–The aggregate end-use amount is total distillate fuel supplied minus the amount consumed for electric power. The end-use total consumed annually is allocated into the individual end-use sectors (residential, commercial, industrial, and transportation) in proportion to each sector’s share of “adjusted sales” as reported in EIA’s Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales (Sales) report series (DOE/EIA-0535), which is based primarily on data collected by Form EIA-821, previously Form EIA-172. “Adjusted sales” are sales that have been adjusted to equal EIA distillate fuel product supplied.

Following are notes on the individual sector groupings:

Since 1979, the residential sector adjusted sales total is directly from the Sales reports. Prior to 1979, each year’s sales subtotal of the heating plus industrial category is split into residential, commercial, and industrial (including farm) in proportion to the 1979 shares.

Since 1979, the commercial sector adjusted sales total is directly from the Sales reports. Prior to 1979, each year’s sales subtotal of the heating plus industrial category is split into residential, commercial, and industrial (including farm) in proportion to the 1979 shares.

Since 1979, the industrial sector adjusted sales total is the sum of the adjusted sales for industrial, farm, oil company, off-highway diesel, and all other uses. Prior to 1979, each year’s sales subtotal of the heating plus industrial category is split into residential, commercial, and industrial (including farm) in proportion to the 1979 shares, and this estimated industrial portion is added to oil company, off-highway diesel, and all other uses.

The transportation sector adjusted sales total is the sum of the adjusted sales for railroad, vessel bunkering, on-highway diesel, and military uses for all years.

Distillate Fuel Consumed by End-Use Sectors, Monthly Through 2000–Residential and commercial monthly consumption is estimated by allocating the annual estimates, which are described above, into the months in proportion to each month’s share of the year’s sales of No. 2 heating oil. The years’ sales totals are from the following sources: for 1973-1980, the Ethyl Corporation, Monthly Report of Heating Oil Sales; for 1981 and 1982, the American Petroleum Institute, Monthly Report of Heating Oil Sales; and for 1983 forward, EIA, Form EIA-782A, “Refiners’/Gas Plant Operators’ Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Report,” No. 2 Fuel Oil Sales to End Users and for Resale.

The transportation highway use portion is allocated into the months in proportion to each month’s share of the year’s total sales for highway use as reported by the Federal Highway Administration’s Table MF-25, “Private and Commercial Highway Use of Special Fuels by Months.” After 1993, the sales-for-highway-use data are no longer available as a monthly series; the 1993 data are used for allocating succeeding year’s totals into months. The remaining transportation use of distillate fuel (i.e., for railroads, vessel bunkering, and military use) is evenly distributed over the months, adjusted for the number of days per month.

Industrial monthly estimates are calculated as the difference between the sum of the estimates for residential, commercial, transportation, and electric power sectors and total distillate fuel consumption.

Distillate Fuel Consumed by End-Use Sectors, 2001 Forward–Each month’s end-use consumption total is disaggregated into the individual sectors in proportion to the share that each sector held of the total in the same month in 2000. Annual values are the sum of the monthly values.

Jet Fuel–Through 1982, small amounts of kerosene-type jet fuel were consumed by the electric power sector. Kerosene-type jet fuel deliveries to the electric power sector as reported on the Form FERC-423 (formerly Form FPC423) were used as estimates of this consumption. All remaining jet fuel (kerosene-type and naphtha-type) is consumed by the transportation sector.

Kerosene–Kerosene product supplied is allocated into the individual end-use sectors (residential, commercial, and industrial) in proportion to each sector’s share of “sales” as reported in EIA’s Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales (Sales) report series (DOE/EIA-0535), which is based primarily on data collected by Form EIA-821, previously Form EIA-172.

Since 1979, the residential sector sales total is directly from the Sales reports. Prior to 1979, each year’s sales category called “heating” is split into residential, commercial, and industrial in proportion to the 1979 shares.

Since 1979, the commercial sector sales total is directly from the Sales reports. Prior to 1979, each year’s sales category called “heating” is split into residential, commercial, and industrial in proportion to the 1979 shares.

Since 1979, the industrial sector sales total is the sum of the adjusted sales for industrial, farm, and all other uses. Prior to 1979, each year’s sales category called “heating” is split into residential, commercial and industrial in proportion to the 1979 shares, and this estimated industrial (including farm) portion is added to all other uses.

Liquefied Petroleum Gases (LPG)–The annual shares of LPG’s total consumption that are estimated to be used by each sector are applied to each month’s total LPG consumption to create monthly sector consumption estimates. The annual sector shares are calculated as described below.

Sales of LPG to the residential and commercial sector are converted from thousand gallons per year to thousand barrels per year and are assumed to be the annual consumption of LPG by the sector.

The quantity of LPG sold each year for consumption in internal combustion engines is allocated between the transportation and industrial sectors on the basis of data for special fuels used on highways published by the U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, in Highway Statistics. The allocations of LPG sold for internal combustion engine use to the transportation sector range from a low of 20 percent (in 2001) to a high of 73 percent (in 1994).

LPG consumed annually by the industrial sector is estimated as the difference between LPG total supplied and the estimated consumption of LPG by the sum of the residential and commercial sector and the transportation sector. The industrial sector includes LPG used by chemical plants as raw materials or solvents and used in the production of synthetic rubber; refinery fuel use; use as synthetic natural gas feedstock and use in secondary recovery projects; all farm use; LPG sold to gas utility companies for distribution through the mains; and a portion of the use of LPG as an internal combustion engine fuel.

Sources of the annual sales data for creating annual energy shares are:

1973-1982: EIA’s “Sales of Liquefied Petroleum Gases and Ethane” reports, based primarily on data collected by Form EIA-174.

1983: End-use consumption estimates for 1983 are based on

1982 end-use consumption because the collection of data under Form EIA-174 was discontinued after data year 1982.

1984-forward: American Petroleum Institute (API), “Sales of Natural Gas Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases,” which is based on an LPG sales survey jointly sponsored by API, the Gas Processors Association, and the National Liquefied Petroleum Gas Association. EIA adjusts the data to remove quantities of pentanes plus and to estimate withheld values.

Lubricants–The consumption of lubricants is allocated to the industrial and transportation sectors for all months according to proportions developed from annual sales of lubricants to the two sectors from U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Current Industrial Reports, “Sales of Lubricating and Industrial Oils and Greases.” The 1973 shares are applied to 1973 and 1974; the 1975 shares are applied to 1975 and 1976; and the 1977 shares are applied to 1977 forward.

Motor Gasoline–The total monthly consumption of motor gasoline is allocated to the sectors in proportion to aggregations of annual sales categories created on the basis of the U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics, Tables MF-21, MF-24, and MF-25, as follows:

Commercial sales are the sum of sales for public non-highway use and miscellaneous and unclassified uses.

Industrial sales are the sum of sales for agriculture, construction, and industrial and commercial use as classified in the Highway Statistics.

Transportation sales are the sum of sales for highway use (minus the sales of special fuels, which are primarily diesel fuel and are accounted for in the transportation sector of distillate fuel) and sales for marine use.

Petroleum Coke–Portions of petroleum coke are consumed by the electric power sector (see Tables 7.3b and 7.4b) and the commercial sector (see sources for Table 7.4c). The remaining petroleum coke is assigned to the industrial sector.

Residual Fuel–Residual fuel consumption is assigned to the sectors as follows:

Residual Fuel Consumed by the Electric Power Sector, All Time Periods–See Tables 7.3b and 7.4b. For 1973-1979, electric utility consumption of residual fuel is assumed to be the amount of petroleum consumed in steam-electric power plants. For 1980-2000, electric utility consumption of residual fuel is assumed to be the amount of heavy oil (fuel oil nos. 4, 5, and 6) consumed.

Residual Fuel Consumed by End-Use Sectors, Annually Through 2000–The aggregate end-use amount is total residual fuel supplied minus the amount consumed for electric power. The end-use total consumed annually is allocated into the individual end-use sectors (commercial, industrial, and transportation) in proportion to each sector’s share of “adjusted sales” as reported in EIA’s Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales (Sales) report series (DOE/EIA-535), which is based primarily on data collected by Form EIA-821, previously Form EIA-172). “Adjusted sales” are sales that have been adjusted to equal EIA residual fuel product supplied.

Following are notes on the individual sector groupings:

Since 1979, commercial sales data are directly from the Sales reports. Prior to 1979, each year’s sales subtotal of the heating plus industrial category is split into commercial and industrial in proportion to the 1979 shares.

Since 1979, industrial sales data are the sum of sales for industrial, oil company, and all other uses. Prior to 1979, each year’s sales subtotal of the heating plus industrial category is split into commercial and industrial in proportion to the 1979 shares, and this estimated industrial portion is added to oil company and all other uses.

Transportation sales are the sum of sales for railroad, vessel bunkering, and military uses for all years.

Residual Fuel Consumed by End-Use Sectors, Monthly Through 2000–Commercial monthly consumption is estimated by allocating the annual estimates, which are described above, into the months in proportion to each month’s share of the year’s sales of No. 2 heating oil. The years’ sales totals are from the following sources: for 19731980, the Ethyl Corporation, Monthly Report of Heating Oil Sales; for 1981 and 1982, the American Petroleum Institute, Monthly Report of Heating Oil Sales; and for 1983-1996, EIA, Form EIA-782A, “Refiners’/Gas Plant Operators’ Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Report,” No. 2 Fuel Oil Sales to End Users and for Resale.

Transportation monthly estimates are made by evenly distributing the annual sector estimate over the months, adjusting for the number of days per month.

Industrial monthly estimates are calculated as the difference between the sum of the estimates for commercial, transportation, and electric power sectors and total residual fuel consumption.

Residual Fuel Consumption by End-Use Sectors, 2001 Forward–Each month’s end-use consumption total is disaggregated into the individual sectors in proportion to the share that each sector held of the total in the same month in 2000. Annual values are the sum of the monthly values.

Road Oil–All consumption of road oil is assigned to the industrial sector.

All Other Petroleum Products–Consumption of all remaining petroleum products is assigned to the industrial sector.

Note 8. Nuclear Electric Power: See Tables 8.1 and A6. Nuclear electric power is included in the electric power sector.

Note 9. Hydroelectric Pumped Storage: See Tables 7.2a and A6. Pumped-storage hydroelectric power is included in the electric power sector.

Note 10. Renewable Energy: See Tables 10.2a-10.2c. End-use consumption of wood, waste, alcohol fuels, geothermal heat pump and direct use energy, and solar thermal direct use and photovoltaic energy is included in the end-use sectors. Included in the electric power sector are: net electricity generation from conventional hydroelectric power, wood, waste, geothermal, solar, and wind.

Note 11. Electricity: End-use consumption of electricity is based on the “New Basis” retail sales data in Table 7.6. Kilowatthours are converted to Btu at the rate of 3,412 Btu per kilowatthour.

Note 12. Electrical System Energy Losses: Electrical system energy losses are calculated as the difference between total primary consumption by the electric power sector (see Table 2.6) and the total energy content of electricity retail sales (see Tables 7.6 and A6). Most of these Posses occur at steam-electric power plants (conventional and nuclear) in the conversion of heat energy into mechanical energy to turn electric generators. The loss is a thermodynamically necessary feature of the steam-electric cycle. Part of the energy input-to-output losses is a result of imputing fossil energy equivalent inputs for hydroelectric and other energy sources, since there is no generally accepted practice for measuring those thermal conversion rates. In addition to conversion losses, other losses include power plant use of electricity, transmission and distribution of electricity from power plants to end-use consumers (also called “line losses”), and unaccounted for electricity. Total losses are allocated to the end-use sectors in proportion to each sector’s share of total electricity sales. Overall, approximately 67 percent of total energy input is lost in conversion; of electricity generated, approximately 5 percent is lost in plant use and 9 percent is lost in transmission and distribution.

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