Section 1. Energy overview

Section 1. Energy overview

Energy production during July 2002 totaled 6.0 quadrillion Btu, a 0.5-percent decrease compared with the level of production during July 2001. Production of coal decreased 4.1 percent; natural gas plant liquids decreased 2.7 percent; natural gas (dry) decreased 2.2 percent; nuclear electric power increased 1.5 percent; and crude oil increased 0.4 percent, compared with the level of production during July 2001.

Energy consumption during July 2002 totaled 8.4 quadrillion Btu, 3.4 percent above the level of consumption during July 2001. Consumption of natural gas increased 7.9 percent; coal increased 3.1 percent; nuclear electric power increased 1.5 percent; and petroleum decreased 0.4 percent, compared with the level 1 year earlier.

Net imports of energy during July 2002 totaled 2.2 quadrillion Btu, 5.8 percent below the level of net imports 1 year earlier. Net imports of natural gas decreased 18.1 percent; petroleum products rose 11.0 percent; and crude oil decreased 5.9 percent. Net imports of coal increased 59.5 percent, compared with the level in July 2001.

Energy Overview Notes

1. Energy Production: Includes production of fossil fuels (coal, dry natural gas, crude oil and lease condensate, and natural gas plant liquids), nuclear electric power, pumped-storage hydroelectric power, and renewable energy. Renewable energy production is assumed to be equivalent to: end-use consumption of wood, waste, alcohol fuels, geothermal heat pump and direct use energy, and solar thermal direct use and photovoltaic energy; and electric utility and nonutility net electricity generation from conventional hydroelectric power, wood, waste, geothermal, solar, and wind. Approximate heat contents (Btu values) are derived by using the conversion factors provided in Appendix A. See Section 10 for further information on renewable energy.

2. Energy Consumption: Includes consumption of fossil fuels (coal, natural gas, and petroleum), some secondary energy derived from fossil fuels (supplemental gaseous fuels, coal coke net imports, and electricity net imports from fossil fuels), nuclear electric power, pumped-storage hydroelectric power, and renewable energy. Renewable energy consumption includes: end-use consumption of wood, waste, alcohol fuels, geothermal heat pump and direct use energy, and solar thermal direct use and photovoltaic energy; electric utility and nonutility net electricity generation from conventional hydroelectric power, wood, waste, geothermal, solar, and wind; and net imports of electricity from hydroelectric power and geothermal energy. Approximate heat contents (Btu values) are derived by using the conversion factors provided in Appendix A. See Section 10 for further information on renewable energy.

3. Energy Imports: Includes imports of fossil fuels (coal, natural gas, and petroleum, including crude oil imported for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve), some secondary energy derived from fossil fuels (coal coke imports, and electricity imports from fossil fuels), and renewable energy (electricity imports derived from hydroelectric power and geothermal energy). Approximate heat contents (Btu values) are derived by using the conversion factors provided in Appendix A. See Section 10 for further information on renewable energy.

4. Energy Exports: Includes exports of fossil fuels (coal, natural gas, and petroleum), some secondary energy derived from fossil fuels (coal coke exports, and electricity exports from fossil fuels), and renewable energy (electricity exports derived from hydroelectric power). Approximate heat contents (Btu values) are derived by using the conversion factors provided in Appendix A. See Section 10 for further information on renewable energy.

5. Merchandise Trade Value: Import data presented are based on the customs value. That value does not include insurance and freight and is consequently lower than the cost, insurance, and freight (CIF) value, which is also reported by the Bureau of the Census. All export data, and import data prior to 1981, are on a free alongside ship (f.a.s.) basis.

“Balance” is exports minus imports; a positive balance indicates a surplus trade value and a negative balance indicates a deficit trade value. “Energy” includes mineral fuels, lubricants, and related material. “Non-Energy Balance” and “Total Merchandise” include foreign exports (i.e., re-exports) and nonmonetary gold and Department of Defense Grant-Aid shipments. The “Non-Energy Balance” is calculated by subtracting the “Energy” from the “Total Merchandise Balance.”

“Imports” consist of government and nongovernment shipments of merchandise into the 50 States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the U.S. Foreign Trade Zones. They reflect the total arrival from foreign countries of merchandise that immediately entered consumption channels, warehouses, the Foreign Trade Zones, or the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. They exclude shipments between the United States, Puerto Rico, and U.S. possessions, shipments to U.S. Armed Forces and diplomatic missions abroad for their own use, U.S. goods returned to the United States by its Armed Forces, and in-transit shipments.

Sources for Table 1.6

U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Foreign Trade Division:

Petroleum Exports 1974-1987: “U.S. Exports,” FT410, December issues. 1988 and 1989: “Report on U.S. Merchandise Trade,” Final Revisions. 1990-1992: “U.S. Merchandise Trade,” Final Report. 1993-2001: “U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,” Annual Revision. 2002: “U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,” FT-900, monthly.

Petroleum Imports 1974-1987: “U.S. Merchandise Trade,” FT900, December issues, 1975-1988. 1988 and 1989: “Report on U.S. Merchandise Trade,” Final Revisions. 1990-1993: “U.S. Merchandise Trade,” Final Report. 1994-2001: “U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,” Annual Revision. 2002: “U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,” FT-900, monthly.

Energy Exports and Imports 1974-1987: U.S. merchandise trade press releases and database printouts for adjustments. 1988: January-July, monthly FT-900 supplement, 1989 issues. August-December, monthly FT-900, 1989 issues. 1989: Monthly FT-900, 1990 issues. 1990-1992: “U.S. Merchandise Trade,” Final Report. 1993-2001: “U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,” Annual Revision. 2002: “U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,” FT-900, monthly.

Petroleum, Energy, and Non-Energy Balances Calculated by the Energy Information Administration.

Total Merchandise 1974-1987: U.S. merchandise trade press releases and database printouts for adjustments. 1988: “Report on U.S. Merchandise Trade, 1988 Final Revisions,” August 18, 1989. 1989: “Report on U.S. Merchandise Trade, 1989 Revisions,” July 10, 1990. 1990: “U.S. Merchandise Trade, 1990 Final Report,” May 10, 1991, and “U.S. Merchandise Trade, December 1992,” February 18, 1993, page 3. 1991: “U.S. Merchandise Trade, 1992 Final Report,” May 12, 1993. 1992-2001: “U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,” Annual Revision. 2002: “U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,” FT-900, monthly.

Sources for Tables 1.11 and 1.12

There are several degree-day databases maintained by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The information published here is developed by the National Weather Service Climate Analysis Center, Camp Springs, MD. The data are available weekly with monthly summaries and are based on mean daily temperatures recorded at about 200 major weather stations around the country. The temperature information recorded at those weather stations is used to calculate statewide degree-day averages based on population.

The State figures are then aggregated into Census Divisions and into the national average. The population weights currently used represent resident State population data estimated for 1990 by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. The data provided here are available sooner than the Historical Climatology Series 5-1 (heating degree-days) and 5-2 (cooling degree-days) developed by the National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC, which compiles data from some 8,000 weather stations.

Figure 1.1 Energy Overview (Quadrillion Btu)

[GRAPHICS OMITTED]

Overview, July 2002

Production 6.015

Consumption 8.417

Imports 2.476

Exports 0.284

Note: Because vertical scales differ, graphs should not be compared.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.govlemeulmerloverview.html.

Source: Table 1.2.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Net Imports, January-July

2000 14.462

2001 15.842

2002 14.674

Note: Because vertical scales differ, graphs should not be compared.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.govlemeulmerloverview.html.

Source: Table 1.2.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Figure 1.2 Energy Production (Quadrillion Btu)

[GRAPHICS OMITTED]

Total, January-July

2000 41.828

2001 42.186

2002 42.373

Note: Because vertical scales differ, graphs should not be compared.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Source:Table 1.3.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

My Major Sources, July 2002

Coal 1.806

Natural Gas 1.638

Crude Oil 1.038

Nuclear 0.746

Electric Power

Hydroelectric 0.239

Power

Note: Because vertical scales differ, graphs should not be compared.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Source:Table 1.3.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Figure 1.3 Energy Consumption (Quadrillion Btu)

[GRAPHICS OMITTED]

Total, January-July

2000 57.368

2001 56.959

2002 56.598

Note: Because vertical scales differ, graphs should not be compared.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Source: Table 1.4.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

By Major Sources, July 2002

Petroleum 3.289

Coal 2.098

Natural Gas 1.68

Nuclear 0.746

Electric Power

Hydroelectric 0.262

Power

Note: Because vertical scales differ, graphs should not be compared.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Source: Table 1.4.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Figure 1.4 Energy Net Imports (Quadrillion Btu, Except as Noted)

[GRAPHICS OMITTED]

By Major Sources, July 2002

Coal -0.041

Crude

Oil 1.663

Petroleum

Products 0.242

Natural

Gas 0.282

Note: Because vertical scales differ, graphs should not be compared.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Sources: Tables 1.4 and 1.5.

Note: Tables made from bar graph.

As Share of Consumption,

January-July

2000 25.2

2001 27.8

2002 25.9

Note: Because vertical scales differ, graphs should not be compared.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Sources: Tables 1.4 and 1.5.

Note: Tables made from bar graph.

Figure 1.5 Merchandise Trade Value (Billion Dollars)

[GRAPHICS OMITTED]

Figure 1.6 Cost of Fuels to End Users in Constant (1982-1984) Dollars

[GRAPHICS OMITTED]

Costs, June 2002

Dollars per

Million Btu

Electricity (a,c) 14.21

Motor

Gasoline (b) 6.67

Heating

Oil (a,c) 4.2

Natural

Gas (b,c) 5.1

(a) Includes taxes.

(b) Excludes taxes.

(c) Residential.

Note: Because vertical scales differ, graphs should not be compared.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Source: Table 1.7.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Figure 1.8 Energy Consumption per Dollar of Gross Domestic Product (Thousand Btu per Chained (1996) Dollar)

[GRAPHICS OMITTED]

Figure 1.9 Motor Vehicle Fuel Rates (Miles per Gallon)

[GRAPHICS OMITTED]

Table 1.1 Energy Summary for July 2002

(Quadrillion Btu)

July

Percent

2002 2001 Change (a)

Production (c) 6.015 6.047 -0.5

Fossil Fuels 4.696 4.813 -2.4

Coal 1.806 1.883 -4.1

Natural Gas (Dry) (E) 1.638 1.676 -2.2

Crude Oil (d) (E) 1.038 1.034 .4

Natural Gas Plant Liquids .214 .220 -2.7

Nuclear Electric Power .746 .735 1.5

Renewable Energy .583 .509 14.6

Consumption (e) 8.417 8.139 3.4

Fossil Fuels (f) 7.089 6.901 2.7

Coal 2.098 2.036 3.1

Natural Gas (g) (F) 1.680 1.557 7.9

Petroleum (h) 3.289 3.301 -.4

Nuclear Electric Power .746 .735 1.5

Renewable Energy (e) .607 .525 15.6

Net Imports 2.192 2.327 -5.8

Fossil Fuels (i) 2.168 2.311 -6.2

Coal (j) -.041 -.025 59.5

Coal Coke .009 .000 NM

Natural Gas (E) .282 .344 -18.1

Crude Oil (k) 1.663 1.768 -5.9

Petroleum Products (l) .242 .218 11.0

Renewable Energy (m) (E) .024 (E) .016 46.3

Cumulative January Through July

2002 2001

Daily Daily

2002 Rate 2001 Rate

Production (c) 42.373 0.200 42.186 0.199

Fossil Fuels 33.647 .159 33.920 .160

Coal 13.351 .063 13.724 .065

Natural Gas (Dry) (E) 11.559 (E) .055 11.637 .055

Crude Oil (d) (E) 7.244 (E) .034 7.144 .034

Natural Gas Plant Liquids 1.493 .007 1.415 .007

Nuclear Electric Power 4.813 .023 4.747 .022

Renewable Energy 3.964 .019 3.569 .017

Consumption (e) 56.598 .267 56.959 .269

Fossil Fuels (f) 47.859 .226 48.673 .230

Coal 12.546 .059 12.688 .060

Natural Gas (g) (E) 13.082 (E) .062 13.533 .064

Petroleum (h) 22.164 .105 22.401 .106

Nuclear Electric Power 4.813 .023 4.747 .022

Renewable Energy (e) 4.065 .019 3.673 .017

Net Imports 14.674 .069 15.842 .075

Fossil Fuels (i) 14.573 .069 15.738 .074

Coal (j) -.415 -.002 -.486 -.002

Coal Coke .027 .000 .020 .000

Natural Gas (E) 2.064 (E) .010 2.266 .011

Crude Oil (k) 11.304 .053 11.890 .056

Petroleum Products (l) 1.552 .007 2.016 .010

Renewable Energy (m) (E) .101 (E) .000 (E) .104 (E) .000

Cumulative January Through July

Percent

Change (b)

Production (c) 0.4

Fossil Fuels -.8

Coal -2.7

Natural Gas (Dry) -.7

Crude Oil (d) 1.4

Natural Gas Plant Liquids 5.5

Nuclear Electric Power 1.4

Renewable Energy 11.1

Consumption (e) -.6

Fossil Fuels (f) -1.7

Coal -1.1

Natural Gas (g) -3.3

Petroleum (h) -1.1

Nuclear Electric Power 1.4

Renewable Energy (e) 10.7

Net Imports -7.4

Fossil Fuels (i) -7.4

Coal (j) -14.7

Coal Coke 34.5

Natural Gas -8.9

Crude Oil (k) -4.9

Petroleum Products (l) -23.0

Renewable Energy (m) -2.5

(a) Based on data prior to rounding.

(b) Based on daily rates prior to rounding.

(c) Total production also includes hydroelectricity generated from

pumped storage.

(d) Includes lease condensate.

(e) Alcohol (ethanol blended into motor gasoline) is included in both

“Petroleum” and “Renewable Energy,” but is counted only once in total

energy consumption.

(f) Fossil fuel consumption also includes coal coke net imports and

electricity net imports from fossil fuels.

(g) Includes supplemental gaseous fuels.

(h) Petroleum products supplied, including natural gas plant liquids

and crude oil burned as fuel.

(i) Fossil fuel net imports also include electricity net imports from

fossil fuels.

(j) Minus sign indicates exports are greater than imports.

(k) Crude oil, lease condensate, and imports of crude oil for the

Strategic Petroleum Reserve.

(l) Petroleum products, unfinished oils, pentanes plus, and gasoline

blending components.

(m) Electricity net imports derived from hydroelectric power or

geothermal energy.

(E)=Estimate. (F)=Forecast. NM=Not meaningful.

Notes: * Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent

rounding. * Geographic coverage is the 50 States and the District of

Columbia.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Sources: Tables 1.3, 1.4, and 1.5.

Table 1.2 Energy Overview

(Quadrillion Btu)

Production Consumption (a) Imports

1973 Total 63.585 75.808 14.731

1974 Total 62.372 74.080 14.413

1975 Total 61.357 72.042 14.111

1976 Total 61.602 76.072 16.837

1977 Total 62.052 78.122 20.090

1978 Total 63.137 80.123 19.254

1979 Total 65.948 81.044 19.616

1980 Total 67.241 78.435 15.971

1981 Total 67.007 76.569 13.975

1982 Total 66.574 73.440 12.092

1983 Total 64.106 73.317 12.027

1984 Total 68.832 76.972 12.767

1985 Total 67.720 76.778 12.103

1986 Total 67.178 77.065 14.438

1987 Total 67.760 79.633 15.764

1988 Total 69.025 83.068 17.564

1989 Total 69.467 84.716 18.955

1990 Total 70.835 84.344 18.952

1991 Total 70.528 84.298 18.497

1992 Total 70.069 85.513 19.577

1993 Total 68.378 87.300 21.498

1994 Total 70.848 89.213 22.727

1995 Total 71.301 90.943 22.566

1996 Total 72.595 93.931 24.010

1997 Total 72.545 94.340 25.514

1998 Total 73.068 94.623 26.855

1999 Total 72.197 96.767 27.549

2000 January 6.062 8.991 2.237

February 5.740 8.419 2.234

March 6.289 8.285 2.393

April 5.735 7.662 2.399

May 6.031 7.932 2.440

June 5.982 7.929 2.497

July 5.991 8.151 2.526

August 6.229 8.470 2.639

September 5.844 7.740 2.479

October 5.987 7.827 2.453

November 5.863 8.039 2.387

December 5.853 9.322 2.628

Total 71.604 98.775 29.313

2001 January 6.203 (R) 9.224 2.721

February 5.622 (R) 8.094 2.310

March 6.269 (R) 8.507 2.649

April 5.870 (R) 7.697 2.634

May 6.141 (R) 7.667 2.701

June 6.035 (R) 7.631 2.473

July 6.047 (R) 8.139 2.615

August 6.255 (R) 8.240 2.569

September 5.850 (R) 7.418 2.476

October 6.186 (R) 7.748 2.474

November 5.987 (R) 7.581 2.425

December 6.035 (R) 8.325 2.407

Total 72.498 (R) 96.271 30.454

2002 January (R) 6.432 (R) 8.785 (R) 2.400

February (R) 5.762 (R) 7.928 (R) 2.151

March (R) 6.093 (R) 8.346 (R) 2.414

April (R) 5.958 (R) 7.641 (R) 2.420

May (R) 6.185 (R) 7.738 (R) 2.507

June (R) 5.929 (R) 7.743 (R) 2.432

July 6.015 8.417 2.476

7-Month Total 42.373 56.598 16.800

2001 7-Month Total 42.186 56.959 18.102

2000 7-Month Total 41.828 57.368 16.726

Exports Net Imports

1973 Total 2.051 12.680

1974 Total 2.223 12.190

1975 Total 2.359 11.752

1976 Total 2.188 14.648

1977 Total 2.071 18.019

1978 Total 1.931 17.323

1979 Total 2.870 16.746

1980 Total 3.723 12.247

1981 Total 4.329 9.646

1982 Total 4.633 7.460

1983 Total 3.717 8.310

1984 Total 3.804 8.963

1985 Total 4.231 7.872

1986 Total 4.055 10.382

1987 Total 3.853 11.911

1988 Total 4.415 13.149

1989 Total 4.767 14.188

1990 Total 4.865 14.087

1991 Total 6.157 13.339

1992 Total 4.957 14.621

1993 Total 4.283 17.215

1994 Total 4.075 18.652

1995 Total 4.536 18.030

1996 Total 4.656 19.354

1997 Total 4.576 20.938

1998 Total 4.389 22.466

1999 Total 3.811 23.738

2000 January .327 1.910

February .269 1.965

March .371 2.021

April .315 2.084

May .332 2.108

June .332 2.165

July .317 2.209

August .388 2.251

September .330 2.149

October .382 2.071

November .384 2.004

December .361 2.266

Total 4.109 25.204

2001 January .359 2.363

February .306 2.004

March .303 2.346

April .325 2.309

May .368 2.333

June .313 2.160

July .287 2.327

August .346 2.223

September .301 2.175

October .320 2.154

November .332 2.094

December .330 2.077

Total 3.890 26.564

2002 January (R) .307 (R) 2.093

February (R) .295 (R) 1.856

March (R) .285 (R) 2.128

April .311 (R) 2.109

May (R) .314 (R) 2.193

June (R) .329 (R) 2.104

July .284 2.192

7-Month Total 2.125 14.674

2001 7-Month Total 2.261 15.842

2000 7-Month Total 2.264 14.462

(a) The sum of domestic energy production and net imports of energy

does not equal domestic energy consumption. The difference is

attributed to stock changes; losses and gains in conversion,

transportation, and distribution; the addition of blending compounds;

shipments of anthracite to U.S. Armed Forces in Europe; and adjustments

to account for discrepancies between reporting systems.

R=Revised.

Notes: * For definitions, see Notes 1 through 4 at end of section.

* Totals may not equal sum of compounds due to independent rounding.

* Geographic coverage is the 50 States and the District of Columbia.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Source: * Production: Table 1.3. * Consumption: Table 1.4. * Imports

and Exports: Tables 3.1b, 4.3, 6.1, 7.1, A2-A6, 10.3b, and Section 2,

“Energy Consumption Notes and Sources,” Note 5. * Net Imports: Table

1.5.

Table 1.3 Energy Production by Source

(Quadrillion Btu)

Fossil Fuels

Natural

Gas Crude

Coal (Dry) Oil (b)

1973 Total 13.992 22.187 19.493

1974 Total 14.074 21.210 18.575

1975 Total 14.989 19.640 17.729

1976 Total 15.654 19.480 17.262

1977 Total 15.755 19.565 17.454

1978 Total 14.910 19.485 18.434

1979 Total 17.640 20.076 18.104

1980 Total 18.598 19.908 18.249

1981 Total 18.377 19.699 18.146

1982 Total 18.639 18.319 18.309

1983 Total 17.247 16.593 18.392

1984 Total 19.719 18.008 18.848

1985 Total 19.325 16.980 18.992

1986 Total 19.509 16.641 18.376

1987 Total 20.141 17.136 17.675

1988 Total 20.738 17.599 17.279

1989 Total 21.594 17.847 16.117

1990 Total 22.456 18.362 15.571

1991 Total 21.564 18.229 15.701

1992 Total 21.629 18.375 15.223

1993 Total 20.249 18.584 14.494

1994 Total 22.111 19.348 14.103

1995 Total 22.029 19.101 13.887

1996 Total 22.664 19.363 13.723

1997 Total 23.211 19.394 13.658

1998 Total 23.935 19.613 13.235

1999 Total 23.186 19.341 12.451

2000 January 1.845 1.654 1.040

February 1.838 1.526 .984

March 2.098 1.671 1.064

April 1.725 1.579 1.019

May 1.871 1.640 1.051

June 1.910 1.599 1.013

July 1.785 1.651 1.032

August 2.037 1.661 1.041

September 1.880 1.603 1.002

October 1.959 1.679 1.044

November 1.907 1.592 1.015

December 1.769 1.607 1.053

Total 22.623 19.461 12.358

2001 January 2.044 1.714 1.043

February 1.835 1.549 .939

March 2.097 1.719 1.057

April 1.901 1.657 1.020

May 2.005 1.702 1.048

June 1.959 1.620 1.003

July 1.883 1.676 1.034

August 2.095 1.672 1.029

September 1.882 1.614 .993

October 2.105 1.696 1.033

November 1.983 1.631 1.023

December 1.840 1.686 1.059

Total 23.629 19.935 12.282

2002 January 2.140 (R) (E) 1.721 (E) 1.067

February 1.893 (R) (E) 1.540 (E) .964

March 1.891 (R) (E) 1.719 (E) 1.063

April 1.894 (R) (E) 1.646 (E) 1.024

May 1.928 (R) (E) 1.702 (E) 1.062

June 1.799 (E) 1.593 (E) 1.024

July 1.806 (E) 1.638 (E) 1.038

7-Month Total 13.351 (E) 11.559 (E) 7.244

2001 7-Month Total 13.724 11.637 7.144

2000 7-Month Total 13.071 11.320 7.203

Fossil Fuels

Natural

Gas Nuclear

Plant Electric

Liquids Total Power

1973 Total 2.569 58.241 0.910

1974 Total 2.471 56.331 1.272

1975 Total 2.374 54.733 1.900

1976 Total 2.327 54.723 2.111

1977 Total 2.327 55.101 2.702

1978 Total 2.245 55.074 3.024

1979 Total 2.286 58.006 2.776

1980 Total 2.254 59.008 2.739

1981 Total 2.307 58.529 3.008

1982 Total 2.191 57.458 3.131

1983 Total 2.184 54.416 3.203

1984 Total 2.274 58.849 3.553

1985 Total 2.241 57.539 4.149

1986 Total 2.149 56.575 4.471

1987 Total 2.215 57.167 4.906

1988 Total 2.260 57.875 5.661

1989 Total 2.158 57.468 (f) 5.677

1990 Total 2.175 58.564 6.162

1991 Total 2.306 57.829 6.580

1992 Total 2.363 57.590 6.608

1993 Total 2.408 55.736 6.520

1994 Total 2.391 57.952 6.638

1995 Total 2.442 57.458 7.177

1996 Total 2.530 58.299 7.168

1997 Total 2.495 58.758 6.678

1998 Total 2.420 59.204 7.157

1999 Total 2.528 57.505 7.736

2000 January .226 4.766 .722

February .215 4.564 .655

March .230 5.062 .643

April .220 4.542 .598

May .225 4.787 .653

June .215 4.737 .686

July .224 4.691 .735

August .225 4.963 .722

September .215 4.700 .654

October .222 4.904 .587

November .210 4.724 .633

December .183 4.613 .721

Total 2.611 57.054 8.009

2001 January .162 4.963 .730

February .181 4.504 .651

March .212 5.085 .660

April .205 4.783 .595

May .221 4.977 .654

June .214 4.796 .723

July .220 4.813 .735

August .226 5.022 .726

September .228 4.717 .673

October .234 5.068 .643

November .224 4.861 .662

December .219 4.803 .716

Total 2.547 58.392 8.167

2002 January .212 (R) 5.140 .755

February .198 (R) 4.596 .656

March .220 (R) 4.893 .661

April .215 (R) 4.780 .621

May .224 (R) 4.917 (R) .670

June .210 4.626 (R) .705

July .214 (R) 4.696 .746

7-Month Total 1.493 33.647 4.813

2001 7-Month Total 1.415 33.920 4.747

2000 7-Month Total 1.556 33.150 4.692

Renewable Energy (a)

Hydro-

electric Conventional Wood,

Pumped Hydroelectric Waste,

Storage (c) Power Alcohol (d)

1973 Total (e) 2.861 1.529

1974 Total (e) 3.177 1.540

1975 Total (e) 3.155 1.499

1976 Total (e) 2.976 1.713

1977 Total (e) 2.333 1.838

1978 Total (e) 2.937 2.038

1979 Total (e) 2.931 2.152

1980 Total (e) (E) 2.900 2.485

1981 Total (e) (E) 2.758 2.590

1982 Total (e) (E) 3.266 2.615

1983 Total (e) (E) 3.527 2.831

1984 Total (e) (E) 3.386 2.880

1985 Total (e) (E) 2.970 (E) 2.864

1986 Total (e) (E) 3.071 (E) 2.641

1987 Total (e) (E) 2.635 (E) 2.823

1988 Total (e) (E) 2.334 (E) 2.937

1989 Total (e) 2.855 (E) 3.060

1990 Total -.036 3.048 (E) 2.660

1991 Total -.047 3.021 (E) 2.700

1992 Total -.043 2.617 (E) 2.845

1993 Total -.042 2.892 2.803

1994 Total -.035 2.684 2.938

1995 Total -.028 3.207 3.066

1996 Total -.032 3.593 3.126

1997 Total -.042 3.718 3.004

1998 Total -.046 3.345 2.976

1999 Total -.063 3.305 (E) 3.259

2000 January -.005 .264 (E) .277

February -.004 .233 (E) .260

March -.006 .277 (E) .278

April -.004 .295 (E) .268

May -.005 .285 (E) .275

June -.006 .262 (E) .266

July -.003 .252 (E) .279

August -.004 .232 (E) .278

September -.007 .192 (E) .268

October -.004 .183 (E) .279

November -.004 .201 (E) .271

December -.005 .208 (E) .278

Total -.057 2.883 (E) 3.276

2001 January -.006 .194 (E) .285

February -.005 .184 (E) .254

March -.006 .212 (E) .280

April -.006 .188 (E) .272

May -.008 .202 (E) .280

June -.009 .214 (E) .274

July -.010 .185 (E) .285

August -.010 .194 (E) .284

September -.010 .157 (E) .276

October -.007 .157 (E) .288

November -.008 .159 (E) .278

December -.007 .200 (E) .286

Total -.091 2.245 (E) 3.342

2002 January -.007 .224 (E) .287

February -.006 .208 (E) .274

March -.007 .216 (E) .291

April -.006 .255 (RE) .270

May (R) -.005 (R) .280 (RE) .282

June (R) -.009 (R) .293 (RE) .274

July -.010 .249 (E) .292

7-Month Total -.050 1.724 (E) 1.970

2001 7-Month Total -.050 1.379 (E) 1.930

2000 7-Month Total -.033 1.868 (E) 1.901

Renewable Energy (a)

Solar

Geo- and

thermal Wind Total Total

1973 Total 0.043 NA 4.433 63.585

1974 Total .053 NA 4.769 62.372

1975 Total .070 NA 4.723 61.357

1976 Total .078 NA 4.768 61.602

1977 Total .077 NA 4.249 62.052

1978 Total .084 NA 5.039 63.137

1979 Total .064 NA 5.166 65.948

1980 Total .110 NA 5.494 67.241

1981 Total .123 NA 5.471 67.007

1982 Total .105 NA 5.985 66.574

1983 Total .129 (s) 6.488 64.106

1984 Total .165 (s) 6.431 68.832

1985 Total .198 (s) 6.033 67.720

1986 Total .219 (s) 6.132 67.178

1987 Total .229 (s) 5.687 67.760

1988 Total .217 (s) 5.489 69.025

1989 Total .323 .083 6.322 69.467

1990 Total .343 .094 6.145 70.835

1991 Total .348 .097 6.167 70.528

1992 Total .355 .097 5.915 70.069

1993 Total .369 .102 6.165 68.378

1994 Total .364 .107 6.093 70.848

1995 Total .314 .106 6.694 71.301

1996 Total .332 .110 7.160 72.595

1997 Total .322 .107 7.151 72.545

1998 Total .327 .104 6.752 73.068

1999 Total .335 .119 7.018 72.197

2000 January (E) .027 (E) .010 .578 6.062

February (E) .024 (E) .009 .526 5.740

March (E) .024 (E) .010 .589 6.289

April (E) .025 (E) .011 .599 5.735

May (E) .026 (E) .011 .596 6.031

June (E) .026 (E) .011 .564 5.982

July (E) .027 (E) .010 .568 5.991

August (E) .028 (E) .011 .548 6.229

September (E) .027 (E) .010 .497 5.844

October (E) .028 (E) .010 .500 5.987

November (E) .028 (E) .010 .510 5.863

December (E) .029 (E) .009 .524 5.853

Total (E) .319 (E) .121 6.599 71.604

2001 January (E) .029 (E) .009 .516 6.203

February (E) .026 (E) .008 .472 5.622

March (E) .027 (E) .011 .530 6.269

April (E) .025 (E) .013 .498 5.870

May (E) .024 (E) .013 .518 6.141

June (E) .025 (E) .013 .526 6.035

July (E) .026 (E) .012 .509 6.047

August (E) .026 (E) .012 .516 6.255

September (E) .026 (E) .011 .469 5.850

October (E) .026 (E) .011 .482 6.186

November (E) .026 (E) .009 .472 5.987

December (E) .027 (E) .010 .522 6.035

Total (E) .312 (E) .131 6.030 72.498

2002 January (E) .027 (E) .007 .545 (R) 6.432

February (E) .023 (E) .010 .516 (R) 5.762

March (E) .026 (E) .012 .546 (R) 6.093

April (E) .023 (R) (E) .016 (R) .564 (R) 5.958

May (RE) .025 (R) (E) .017 (R) .603 (R) 6.185

June (RE) .024 (R) (E) .016 (R) .607 (R) 5.929

July (E) .027 (E) .016 .583 6.015

7-Month Total (E) .176 (E) .094 3.964 42.373

2001 7-Month Total (E) .182 (E) .078 3.569 42.186

2000 7-Month Total (E) .179 (E) .072 4.020 41.828

(a) End-use consumption, and electric utility and nonutility

electricity net generation.

(b) Includes lease condensate.

(c) Pumped storage facility production minus energy used for

pumping.

(d) Alcohol is ethanol blended into motor gasoline.

(e) Included in conventional hydroelectric power.

(f) Beginning in 1989, includes electricity generated by

nonutility nuclear units.

(R)=Revised. NA=Not available. (E)=Estimate. (s)=Less than

+.5 trillion Btu and greater than -.5 trillion Btu.

Notes: * See Note 1 at end of section. * Totals may not equal

sum of components due to independent rounding. * Geographic

coverage is the 50 States and the District of Columbia.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Sources: * Coal: Table 6.1 and A5. * Natural Gas (Dry): Tables

4.1 and A4. * Crude oil and Natural Gas Plant Liquids: Tables

3.1a and A2. * Nuclear Electric Power: Tables 8.1 and A6 *

Hydroelectric Pumped Storage: Tables 7.2 and A6. * Renewable

Energy: Tables 10.2, 10.3a, and 10.3b.

Table 1.4 Energy Consumption by Source

(Quadrillion Btu)

Fossil Fuels

Natural Petro-

Coal Gas (b) leum (c)

1973 Total 12.971 22.512 34.840

1974 Total 12.663 21.732 33.455

1975 Total 12.663 19.948 32.731

1976 Total 13.584 20.345 35.175

1977 Total 13.922 19.931 37.122

1978 Total 13.766 20.000 37.965

1979 Total 15.040 20.666 37.123

1980 Total 15.423 20.394 34.202

1981 Total 15.908 19.928 31.931

1982 Total 15.322 18.505 30.231

1983 Total 15.894 17.357 30.054

1984 Total 17.071 18.507 31.051

1985 Total 17.478 17.834 30.922

1986 Total 17.260 16.708 32.196

1987 Total 18.008 17.744 32.865

1988 Total 18.846 18.552 34.222

1989 Total (h) 19.043 19.384 34.211

1990 Total 19.253 19.296 33.553

1991 Total 18.998 19.606 32.845

1992 Total 19.152 20.131 33.527

1993 Total 19.763 20.827 33.841

1994 Total 19.933 21.288 34.670

1995 Total 20.025 22.163 34.553

1996 Total 20.957 22.559 35.757

1997 Total 21.464 22.530 36.266

1998 Total 21.667 21.937 36.934

1999 Total 21.677 22.203 37.960

2000 January 1.959 2.573 3.141

February 1.788 2.389 3.033

March 1.762 2.102 3.173

April 1.613 1.828 3.006

May 1.751 1.674 3.237

June 1.904 1.551 3.204

July 1.996 1.564 3.252

August 2.083 1.694 3.384

September 1.875 1.512 3.179

October 1.860 1.607 3.269

November 1.839 1.956 3.088

December 2.003 2.652 3.437

Total 22.432 23.111 38.404

2001 January 1.960 (R) 2.689 3.329

February 1.709 (R) 2.327 2.947

March 1.774 (R) 2.249 3.293

April 1.618 (R) 1.811 3.164

May 1.745 (R) 1.506 3.231

June 1.846 (R) 1.394 3.137

July 2.036 (R) 1.557 3.301

August 2.065 (R) 1.584 3.339

September 1.797 (R) 1.446 3.049

October 1.735 (R) 1.615 3.285

November 1.679 (R) 1.667 3.110

December 1.837 (R) 2.094 3.149

Total 21.800 (R) 21.937 38.333

2002 January 1.887 (R) 2.418 3.176

February 1.659 2.179 2.915

March 1.729 (R) 2.171 3.234

April 1.604 (R) 1.737 3.114

May (R) 1.716 (R) 1.496 3.261

June (R) 1.853 (R) 1.402 3.177

July 2.098 (E) 1.680 3.289

7-Month Total 12.546 (E) 13.082 22.164

2001 7-Month Total 12.688 13.533 22.401

2000 7-Month Total 12.773 13.680 22.047

Fossil Fuels

Hydro-

Nuclear electric

Electric Pumped

Total (d) Power Storage (e)

1973 Total 70.316 0.910 (g)

1974 Total 67.906 1.272 (g)

1975 Total 65.355 1.900 (g)

1976 Total 69.104 2.111 (g)

1977 Total 70.989 2.702 (g)

1978 Total 71.856 3.024 (g)

1979 Total 72.892 2.776 (g)

1980 Total 69.984 2.739 (g)

1981 Total 67.750 3.008 (g)

1982 Total 64.036 3.131 (g)

1983 Total 63.290 3.203 (g)

1984 Total 66.617 3.553 (g)

1985 Total 66.221 4.149 (g)

1986 Total 66.148 4.471 (g)

1987 Total 68.626 4.906 (g)

1988 Total 71.660 5.661 (g)

1989 Total 72.618 (i) 5.677 (g)

1990 Total 72.027 6.162 -.036

1991 Total 71.519 6.580 -.047

1992 Total 72.897 6.608 -.043

1993 Total 74.508 6.520 -.042

1994 Total 76.089 6.838 -.035

1995 Total 76.924 7.177 -.028

1996 Total 79.406 7.168 -.032

1997 Total 80.415 6.678 -.042

1998 Total 80.652 7.157 -.046

1999 Total 81.990 7.736 -.063

2000 January 7.686 .722 -.005

February 7.228 .655 -.004

March 7.049 .643 -.006

April 6.460 .598 -.004

May 6.676 .653 -.005

June 6.670 .686 -.006

July 6.831 .735 -.003

August 7.183 .722 -.004

September 6.582 .654 -.007

October 6.744 .587 -.004

November 6.893 .633 -.004

December 8.084 .721 -.005

Total 84.094 8.009 -.057

2001 January (R) 7.985 .730 -.006

February (R) 6.981 .651 -.005

March (R) 7.322 .660 -.006

April (R) 6.604 .595 -.006

May (R) 6.494 .654 -.008

June (R) 6.386 .723 -.009

July (R) 6.901 .735 -.010

August (R) 6.999 .726 -.010

September (R) 6.292 .673 -.010

October (R) 6.640 .643 -.007

November (R) 6.459 .662 -.008

December (R) 7.090 .716 -.007

Total (R) 82.153 8.167 -.091

2002 January (R) 7.488 .755 -.007

February (R) 6.761 .656 -.006

March (R) 7.145 .661 -.007

April 6.461 .621 -.006

May (R) 6.477 (R) .670 (R) -.005

June (R) 6.439 (R) .705 (R) -.009

July 7.089 .746 -.010

7-Month Total 47.859 4.813 -.050

2001 7-Month Total 48.673 4.747 -.050

2000 7-Month Total 48.599 4.692 -.033

Renewable Energy (a)

Conventional

Hydro- Wood

electric Waste, Geo-

Power Alcohol (f) thermal

1973 Total 3.010 1.529 0.043

1974 Total 3.309 1.540 .053

1975 Total 3.219 1.499 .070

1976 Total 3.066 1.713 .078

1977 Total 2.515 1.838 .077

1978 Total 3.141 2.038 .064

1979 Total 3.141 2.152 .084

1980 Total (E) 3.118 2.485 .110

1981 Total (E) 3.105 2.590 .123

1982 Total (E) 3.572 2.615 .105

1983 Total (E) 3.899 2.831 .129

1984 Total (E) 3.800 2.880 .165

1985 Total (E) 3.398 (E) 2.864 .198

1986 Total (E) 3.446 (E) 2.841 .219

1987 Total (E) 3.117 (E) 2.823 .229

1988 Total (E) 2.662 (E) 2.937 .217

1989 Total 3.014 (E) 3.060 .334

1990 Total 3.146 (E) 2.660 .355

1991 Total 3.159 (E) 2.700 .363

1992 Total 2.818 (E) 2.845 .374

1993 Total 3.119 2.803 .387

1994 Total 2.993 2.938 .391

1995 Total 3.481 3.066 .333

1996 Total 3.892 3.126 .346

1997 Total 3.961 3.004 .322

1998 Total 3.569 2.976 .328

1999 Total 3.512 (E) 3.259 .335

2000 January (E) .285 (E) .277 (E) .027

February (E) .257 (E) .260 (E) .024

March (E) .298 (E) .278 (E) .024

April (E) .316 (E) .268 (E) .025

May (E) .308 (E) .275 (E) .026

June (E) .286 (E) .266 (E) .026

July (E) .283 (E) .279 (E) .027

August (E) .264 (E) .278 (E) .028

September (E) .217 (E) .268 (E) .027

October (E) .197 (E) .279 (E) .028

November (E) .221 (E) .271 (E) .028

December (E) .219 (E) .278 (E) .029

Total (E) 3.152 (E) 3.276 (E) .319

2001 January (E) .208 (E) .285 (E) .029

February (E) .191 (E) .254 (E) .026

March (E) .225 (E) .280 (E) .027

April (E) .205 (E) .272 (E) .025

May (E) .222 (E) .280 (E) .024

June (E) .231 (E) .274 (E) .025

July (E) .201 (E) .285 (E) .026

August (E) .211 (E) .284 (E) .026

September (E) .162 (E) .276 (E) .026

October (E) .164 (E) .288 (E) .026

November (E) .167 (E) .278 (E) .026

December (E) .217 (E) .286 (E) .027

Total (E) 2.404 (E) 3.342 (E) .312

2002 January (E) .240 (E) .287 (E) .027

February (E) .222 (E) .274 (E) .023

March (E) .229 (E) .291 (E) .026

April (E) .268 (RE) .270 (E) .023

May (RE) .287 (RE) .282 (RE) .025

June (RE) .307 (RE) .274 (RE) .024

July (E) .273 (E) .292 (E) .027

7-Month Total (E) 1.826 (E) 1.970 (E) .176

2001 7-Month Total (E) 1.483 (E) 1.930 (E) .182

2000 7-Month Total (E) 2.034 (E) 1.901 (E) .179

Renewable Energy (a)

Solar

and

Wind Total Total (f)

1973 Total NA 4.581 75.808

1974 Total NA 4.902 74.080

1975 Total NA 4.788 72.042

1976 Total NA 4.857 76.072

1977 Total NA 4.431 78.122

1978 Total NA 5.243 80.123

1979 Total NA 5.377 81.044

1980 Total NA 5.712 78.435

1981 Total NA 5.818 76.569

1982 Total NA 6.292 73.440

1983 Total (s) 6.860 73.317

1984 Total (s) 6.845 76.972

1985 Total (s) 6.460 78.778

1986 Total (s) 6.507 77.065

1987 Total (s) 6.170 79.633

1988 Total (s) 5.817 83.068

1989 Total .083 6.492 84.716

1990 Total .094 6.254 54.344

1991 Total .097 6.320 54.298

1992 Total .097 6.134 85.513

1993 Total .102 6.410 87.300

1994 Total .107 6.429 89.213

1995 Total .106 6.987 90.943

1996 Total .110 7.473 93.931

1997 Total .107 7.395 94.340

1998 Total .194 6.977 94.623

1999 Total .119 7.226 96.767

2000 January (E) .010 .599 8.991

February (E) .009 .550 8.419

March (E) .010 .610 8.285

April (E) .011 .619 7.662

May (E) .011 .620 7.932

June (E) .011 .588 7.929

July (E) .010 .600 8.151

August (E) .011 .581 8.470

September (E) .010 .522 7.740

October (E) .010 .515 7.827

November (E) .010 .530 8.039

December (E) .009 .536 9.322

Total (E) .121 6.868 98.775

2001 January (E) .009 .530 (R) 9.224

February (E) .008 .479 (R) 8.094

March (E) .011 .543 (R) 8.507

April (E) .013 .515 (R) 7.697

May (E) .013 .539 (R) 7.667

June (E) .013 .543 (R) 7.631

July (E) .012 .525 (R) 8.139

August (E) .012 .533 (R) 8.240

September (E) .011 .475 (R) 7.418

October (E) .011 .489 (R) 7.748

November (E) .009 .480 (R) 7.581

December (E) .010 .539 (R) 8.325

Total (E) .131 6.189 (R) 96.271

2002 January (E) .007 .562 (R) 8.785

February (E) .010 .529 (R) 7.928

March (E) .012 .558 (R) 8.346

April (RE) .016 (R) .578 (R) 7.641

May (RE) .017 (R) .611 (R) 7.738

June (RE) .016 (R) .620 (R) 7.743

July (E) .016 .607 8.417

7-Month Total (E) .094 4.065 56.598

2001 7-Month Total (E) .078 3.673 56.959

2000 7-Month Total (E) .072 4.185 57.368

(a) End-use consumption, electric utility and nonutility electricity,

net generation and net imports of electricity.

(b) Includes supplemental gaseous fuels. For 1990-1999, annual values

also include natural gas used by vehicles, whereas monthly values do

not. See Table 4.4.

(c) Petroleum products supplied, including natural gas plant liquids

and crude oil burned as fuel.

(d) Includes coal coke net imports and electricity net imports from

fossil fuels. See Table 1.5.

(e) Pumped storage facility production minus energy used for pumping.

(f) Alcohol (ethanol blended into moto(R) gasoline) is included in

both “Petroleum” and “Alcohol,” but is counted only once in total

energy consumption.

(g) Included in conventional hydroelectric power.

(h) Beginning in 1989, includes coal consumed by “Other Power

Producers.” See Table 6.2.

(i) Beginning in 1989, includes electricity generated by nonutility

nuclear units.

(R)=Revised. (NA)=Not available. (E)=Estimate. (F)=Forecast. (s)=Less

than +0.5 trillion Btu and greater than -0.5 trillion Btu.

Notes: * See Note 2 at end of section. * Totals may not equal sum of

components due to independent rounding. * Geographic coverage is the

50 States and the District of Columbia.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Sources: * Coal: Tables 6.1 and A5. * Natural Gas: Tables 4.1 and A4.

* Petroleum: Tables 3.1a and A3. * Nuclear Electric Power: Tables

8.1 and A6. * Hydroelectric Pumped Storage: Tables 7.2 and A6. *

Renewable Energy: Table 10.1.

Table 1.5 Energy Net Imports by Source

(Quadrillion Btu)

Fossil Fuels

Coal Natural

Coal Coke Gas

1973 Total -1.422 -0.007 0.981

1974 Total -1.568 .056 .907

1975 Total -1.738 .014 .904

1976 Total -1.567 .000 .922

1977 Total -1.401 .015 .981

1978 Total -1.004 .125 .941

1979 Total -1.702 .063 1.243

1980 Total -2.391 -.035 .957

1981 Total -2.918 -.016 .857

1982 Total -2.768 -.022 .898

1983 Total -2.013 -.016 .885

1954 Total -2.119 -.011 .792

1985 Total -2.389 -.013 .896

1986 Total -2.193 -.017 .686

1987 Total -2.049 .009 .937

1988 Total -2.446 .040 1.221

1989 Total -2.566 .030 1.278

1990 Total -2.705 .005 1.464

1991 Total -2.769 .010 1.666

1992 Total -2.587 .035 1.941

1993 Total -1.758 .027 2.255

1994 Total -1.657 .058 2.518

1995 Total -2.081 .061 2.745

1996 Total -2.165 .023 2.847

1997 Total -2.006 .046 2.904

1998 Total -1.874 .067 3.064

1999 Total -1.298 .058 3.500

2000 January -.098 .004 .316

February -.081 .007 .286

March -.106 .006 .293

April -.071 .006 .284

May -.125 .008 .274

June -.111 .004 .287

July -.099 .006 .310

August -.132 .008 .305

September -.092 .007 .291

October -.081 .006 .309

November -.134 .004 .312

December -.084 .000 .357

Total -1.215 .065 3.623

2001 January -.111 .003 .357

February -.053 .002 .310

March -.047 .003 .336

April -.089 .005 .304

May -.094 .004 .308

June -.066 .003 .307

July -.025 .000 .344

August -.070 .004 .335

September -.058 .001 .291

October -.063 .004 .301

November -.064 .002 .263

December -.035 .001 .282

Total -.776 .032 3.737

2002 January -.073 -.001 (R) .322

February -.043 .003 (R) .287

March -.044 .008 (R) .308

April -.071 .001 (R) .287

May -.063 .005 (R) .295

June -.081 .003 (R) .284

July -.041 .009 (E) .282

7-Month Total -.415 .027 (E) 2.064

2001 7-Month Total -.486 .020 2.266

2000 7-Month Total -.691 .001 2.049

Fossil Fuels

Crude Petroleum

Oil (b) Products (c) Electricity (d)

1973 Total 6.883 6.097 (f)

1974 Total 7.389 5.273 (f)

1975 Total 8.708 3.800 (f)

1976 Total 11.221 3.982 (f)

1977 Total 13.921 4.321 (f)

1978 Total 13.125 3.932 (f)

1979 Total 13.328 3.603 (f)

1980 Total 10.586 2.912 (f)

1981 Total 8.854 2.522 (f)

1982 Total 6.917 2.128 (f)

1983 Total 6.731 2.351 (f)

1954 Total 6.918 2.970 (f)

1985 Total 6.381 2.570 (f)

1986 Total 8.676 2.855 (f)

1987 Total 9.748 2.784 (f)

1988 Total 10.698 3.308 (f)

1989 Total 12.296 3.029 -.050

1990 Total 12.536 2.757 -.080

1991 Total 12.308 1.912 .059

1992 Total 13.065 1.895 .053

1993 Total 14.542 1.854 .050

1994 Total 15.131 2.126 .140

1995 Total 15.469 1.422 .121

1996 Total 16.108 2.119 .109

1997 Total 17.648 1.993 .109

1998 Total 18.664 2.252 .008

1999 Total 18.686 2.493 .092

2000 January 1.415 .244 (E) .009

February 1.432 .285 (E) .011

March 1.598 .203 (E) .007

April 1.648 .190 (E) .006

May 1.672 .248 (E) .007

June 1.703 .252 (E) .006

July 1.733 .214 (E) .014

August 1.833 .191 (E) .014

September 1.692 .218 (E) .009

October 1.655 .166 (E) .003

November 1.593 .203 (E) .006

December 1.702 .287 (E) -.007

Total 19.676 2.701 .083

2001 January 1.652 .444 (E) .004

February 1.437 .305 (E) -.004

March 1.772 .266 (E) .003

April 1.812 .253 (E) .006

May 1.820 .267 (E) .008

June 1.630 .263 (E) .007

July 1.768 .218 (E) .007

August 1.733 .196 (E) .008

September 1.673 .264 (E) -.001

October 1.704 .199 (E) .002

November 1.669 .213 (E) .002

December 1.635 .168 (E) .009

Total 20.305 3.056 .051

2002 January 1.600 .220 (E) .008

February 1.445 .144 (E) .006

March 1.601 .239 (E) .004

April 1.637 .237 (E) .004

May 1.704 .245 (E) .000

June 1.654 .225 (E) .005

July 1.663 .242 (E) .013

7-Month Total 11.304 1.552 (E) .000

2001 7-Month Total 11.890 2.016 (E) .031

2000 7-Month Total 11.202 1.637 (E) .059

Renewable Energy

Fossil Electricity (a)

Fuels

Hydro- Geo-

Total power (e) thermal

1973 Total 12.531 0.148 (f)

1974 Total 12.058 .133 (f)

1975 Total 11.688 .064 (f)

1976 Total 14.559 .089 (f)

1977 Total 17.837 .182 (f)

1978 Total 17.118 .200 (f)

1979 Total 16.535 .211 (f)

1980 Total 12.030 .217 (f)

1981 Total 9.298 .347 (f)

1982 Total 7.153 .306 (f)

1983 Total 7.938 .372 (f)

1954 Total 8.549 .414 (f)

1985 Total 7.445 .428 (f)

1986 Total 10.007 .375 (f)

1987 Total 11.428 .483 (f)

1988 Total 12.821 .328 (f)

1989 Total 14.018 .159 .011

1990 Total 13.977 .098 .011

1991 Total 13.186 .138 .015

1992 Total 14.401 .201 .019

1993 Total 16.970 .227 .018

1994 Total 18.316 .309 .027

1995 Total 17.737 .274 .019

1996 Total 19.041 .300 .014

1997 Total 20.694 .244 .000

1998 Total 22.241 .224 .001

1999 Total 23.530 .207 .001

2000 January 1.889 (E) .021 .000

February 1.941 (E) .024 .000

March 2.001 (E) .021 .000

April 2.063 (E) .020 .000

May 2.084 (E) .024 .000

June 2.141 (E) .024 .000

July 2.178 (E) .032 .000

August 2.219 (E) .033 .000

September 2.124 (E) .025 .000

October 2.057 (E) .014 .000

November 1.984 (E) .020 .000

December 2.255 (E) .012 .000

Total 24.935 .269 .000

2001 January 2.349 (E) .014 .000

February 1.997 (E) .007 .000

March 2.333 (E) .013 .000

April 2.292 (E) .017 .000

May 2.313 (E) .020 .000

June 2.143 (E) .017 .000

July 2.311 (E) .016 .000

August 2.206 (E) .018 .000

September 2.169 (E) .005 .000

October 2.147 (E) .007 .000

November 2.085 (E) .008 .000

December 2.060 (E) .017 .000

Total 26.404 .159 .000

2002 January (R) 2.076 (E) .017 .000

February (R) 1.842 (E) .013 .000

March (R) 2.115 (E) .013 .000

April (R) 2.095 (E) .014 .000

May (R) 2.186 (E) .007 .000

June (R) 2.090 (E) .014 .000

July 2.168 (E) .024 .000

7-Month Total 14.573 (E) .101 .000

2001 7-Month Total 15.738 (E) .104 .000

2000 7-Month Total 14.296 (E) .166 .000

Renewable

Energy

Total Total

1973 Total 0.148 12.680

1974 Total .133 12.190

1975 Total .064 11.752

1976 Total .089 14.648

1977 Total .182 18.019

1978 Total .204 17.323

1979 Total .211 16.746

1980 Total .217 12.247

1981 Total .347 9.646

1982 Total .306 7.460

1983 Total .372 8.310

1954 Total .414 8.963

1985 Total .428 7.872

1986 Total .375 10.382

1987 Total .483 11.911

1988 Total .328 13.149

1989 Total .171 14.188

1990 Total .110 14.087

1991 Total .153 13.339

1992 Total .219 14.621

1993 Total .246 17.215

1994 Total .337 18.652

1995 Total .293 18.030

1996 Total .313 19.354

1997 Total .244 20.938

1998 Total .225 22.466

1999 Total .208 23.738

2000 January (E) .021 1.910

February (E) .024 1.965

March (E) .021 2.021

April (E) .020 2.084

May (E) .024 2.108

June (E) .024 2.165

July (E) .032 2.209

August (E) .033 2.251

September (E) .025 2.149

October (E) .014 2.071

November (E) .020 2.004

December (E) .012 2.266

Total .269 25.204

2001 January (E) .014 2.363

February (E) .007 2.004

March (E) .013 2.346

April (E) .017 2.309

May (E) .020 2.333

June (E) .017 2.160

July (E) .016 2.327

August (E) .018 2.223

September (E) .005 2.175

October (E) .007 2.154

November (E) .008 2.094

December (E) .017 2.077

Total .159 26.564

2002 January (E) .017 (R) 2.093

February (E) .013 (R) 1.856

March (E) .013 (R) 2.128

April (E) .014 (R) 2.109

May (E) .007 (R) 2.193

June (E) .014 (R) 2.104

July (E) .024 2.192

7-Month Total (E) .101 14.674

2001 7-Month Total (E) .104 15.842

2000 7-Month Total (E) .166 14.462

(a) Through 1988, all electricity imports and exports are included

in “Hydropower.” From 1989, includes only electricity imports and

exports derived from hydroelectric power or geothermal energy.

(b) Crude oil, lease condensate, and imports of crude oil for the

Strategic Petroleum Reserve.

(c) Petroleum products, unfinished oils, pentanes plus, and gasoline

blending components.

(d) Electricity net imports from fossil fuels. May include some

nuclear-generated electricity.

(e) Conventional hydroelectric power.

(f) Included in “Hydropower.”

(R)=Revised. (E)=Estimate. (s)=Less than +0.5 trillion Btu and

greater than -0.5 trillion Btu.

Notes: * See Notes 3 and 4 at end of section Net imports equal imports

minus exports. Minus sign indicates exports are greater than imports.

* Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

* Geographic coverage is the 50 States and the District of Columbia.

Web Page: http:/www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Sources: * Coal: Tables 6.1 and A5. * Coal Coke: Section 2, “Energy

Consumption Notes and Sources,” Note 5, and Table A5. * Natural Gas:

Tables 4.1 and A4. * Crude Oil end Petroleum Products: Tables 3.1b,

A2, and A3.

* Fossil Fuel Electricity: Derived from Table 7.1 sources and Table A6.

* Renewable Energy: Table 10.3b.

Table 1.6 Merchandise Trade Value

(Million Dollars)

Petroleum (a)

Exports Imports Balance

1974 Total 792 24,668 -23,876

1975 Total 907 25,197 -24,289

1976 Total 998 32,226 -31,228

1977 Total 1,276 42,368 -41,093

1978 Total 1,561 39,526 -37,965

1979 Total 1,914 56,715 -54,801

1980 Total 2,833 78,637 -75,803

1981 Total 3,696 76,659 -72,963

1982 Total 5,947 60,458 -54,511

1983 Total 4,557 53,217 -48,659

1984 Total 4,470 56,924 -52,484

1985 Total 4,707 50,475 -45,768

1986 Total 3,640 35,142 -31,503

1987 Total 3,922 42,285 -38,363

1988 Total 3,693 38,787 -35,094

1989 Total 5,021 49,704 -44,683

1990 Total 6,901 61,583 -54,682

1991 Total 6,954 51,350 -44,396

1992 Total 6,412 51,217 44,805

1993 Total 6,215 51,046 -44,831

1994 Total 5,659 50,835 -45,176

1995 Total 6,321 54,368 -48,047

1996 Total 7,984 72,022 -64,038

1997 Total 8,592 71,152 -62,560

1998 Total 6,574 50,264 -43,690

1999 Total 7,118 67,173 -60,055

2000 January 804 7,976 -7,172

February 659 8,807 -8,148

March 867 9,737 -8,870

April 795 8,962 -8,167

May 696 9,621 -8,925

June 673 10,512 -9,839

July 726 10,707 -9,981

August 929 10,527 -9,598

September 970 10,642 -9,672

October 1,166 11,206 -10,040

November 992 10,197 -9,205

December 915 10,356 -9,441

Total 10,192 119,251 -109,039

2001 January 804 10,538 -9,734

February 690 8,856 -8,168

March 757 9,226 -8,469

April 774 9,430 -8,656

May 805 9,727 -8,922

June 749 9,096 -8,347

July 663 8,621 -7,958

August 864 8,672 -7,808

September 619 8,348 -7,729

October 669 7,992 -7,323

November 638 6,429 -5,791

December 838 5,807 -4,969

Total 8,868 102,747 -93,879

2002 January 636 6,490 -5,854

February 664 5,392 4,728

March 607 6,888 -6,281

April 689 9,069 -8,380

May 671 9,191 -8,520

June 631 8,595 -7,964

July 666 (R) 9,002 (R) -8,336

August 830 9,676 -8,846

8-Month Total 5,393 64,303 -58,909

2001 8-Month Total 6,106 74,167 -68,060

2000 8-Month Total 6,149 76,849 -70,700

Energy (b)

Non-

Exports Imports Balance Energy

1974 Total 3,444 25,454 -22,010 18,126

1975 Total 4,470 26,476 -22,006 31,557

1976 Total 4,226 33,996 -29,770 21,950

1977 Total 4,184 44,537 -40,354 12,001

1978 Total 3,881 42,096 -38,215 8,010

1979 Total 6,621 59,998 -54,377 30,455

1980 Total 7,982 82,924 -74,942 55,246

1981 Total 10,279 81,360 -71,081 48,814

1982 Total 12,729 65,409 -52,680 25,170

1983 Total 9,500 57,952 -48,452 -3,957

1984 Total 9,311 60,980 -51,669 -55,033

1985 Total 9,971 53,917 -43,946 -73,765

1986 Total 8,115 37,310 -29,195 -109,094

1987 Total 7,713 44,220 -36,506 -115,613

1988 Total 8,235 41,042 -32,806 -85,720

1989 Total 9,869 52,779 -42,910 -66,490

1990 Total 12,233 64,661 62,428 -50,068

1991 Total 12,081 54,629 -42,548 -24,175

1992 Total 11,254 55,256 -44,002 -40,500

1993 Total 9,756 55,900 -46,144 -69,425

1994 Total 8,911 56,391 -47,480 -103,149

1995 Total 10,358 59,109 -48,751 -110,050

1996 Total 12,181 78,086 -65,905 -104,309

1997 Total 12,682 78,277 -65,595 -114,927

1998 Total 10,251 57,323 47,072 -182,686

1999 Total 9,880 75,803 -65,923 -262,898

2000 January 1,004 8,825 -7,821 -21,689

February 827 9,646 -8,819 -21,689

March 1,119 10,604 -9,485 -24,811

April 973 9,815 -8,842 -22,996

May 949 10,638 -9,689 -26,705

June 907 11,849 -10,942 -25,583

July 998 12,169 -11,171 -30,786

August 1,209 11,990 -10,781 -29,130

September 1,241 12,050 -10,809 -28,156

October 1,424 12,722 -11,298 -32,879

November 1,296 11,882 -10,586 -28,195

December 1,232 13,175 -11,943 -21,299

Total 13,179 135,367 -122,188 -313,916

2001 January 1,148 14,087 -12,939 -26,769

February 1,141 11,226 -10,085 -18,811

March 1,129 11,256 -10,127 -23,052

April 1,179 11,398 -10,219 -24,031

May 1,189 11,617 -10,428 -21,246

June 1,009 10,425 -9,416 -22,914

July 867 9,893 -9,026 -30,989

August 1,162 9,956 -8,794 -27,822

September 883 9,227 -8,344 -25,908

October 891 8,745 -7,854 -32,621

November 878 7,364 -6,486 -27,319

December 1,017 6,728 -5,711 -20,989

Total 12,494 121,923 -109,429 -302,470

2002 January 877 7,589 -6,712 -25,844

February 809 6,224 -5,415 -25,050

March 773 8,204 -7,431 -23,517

April 915 10,117 -9,202 -29,715

May 895 10,292 -9,397 -28,908

June 893 9,770 -8,877 -27,832

July 874 10,161 -9,287 (R) -36,311

August 1,115 10,811 -9,696 -33,120

8-Month Total 7,150 73,169 -66,017 -230,297

2001 8-Month Total 8,825 89,859 -81,034 -195,634

2000 8-Month Total 7,986 85,537 -77,550 -203,389

Total Merchandise

Exports Imports Balance

1974 Total 99,437 103,321 -3,884

1975 Total 108,856 99,305 9,551

1976 Total 116,794 124,614 -7,820

1977 Total 123,182 151,534 -28,353

1978 Total 145,847 176,052 -30,205

1979 Total 186,363 210,285 -23,922

1980 Total 225,566 245,262 -19,696

1981 Total 238,715 260,982 -22,267

1982 Total 216,442 243,952 -27,510

1983 Total 205,639 258,048 -52,409

1984 Total 223,976 330,678 -106,703

1985 Total 218,815 336,526 -117,712

1986 Total 227,159 365,438 -138,279

1987 Total 254,122 406,241 -152,119

1988 Total 322,426 440,952 -118,526

1989 Total 363,812 473,211 -109,399

1990 Total 393,592 496,088 -102,496

1991 Total 421,730 488,453 66,723

1992 Total 448,164 532,665 -84,501

1993 Total 465,091 580,659 -115,568

1994 Total 512,526 663,256 -150,629

1995 Total 584,742 743,543 -158,801

1996 Total 625,075 795,289 -170,214

1997 Total 689,182 869,704 -180,522

1998 Total 682,138 911,896 -229,758

1999 Total 695,797 1,024,618 -328,821

2000 January 57,679 87,188 -29,510

February 61,179 91,688 -30,508

March 68,948 103,244 -34,296

April 63,302 95,141 -31,838

May 64,673 101,067 -36,394

June 68,002 104,527 -36,525

July 60,029 101,986 -41,957

August 68,255 108,166 -39,911

September 67,391 106,355 -38,965

October 69,635 113,812 -44,177

November 67,614 106,395 -38,781

December 65,211 98,452 -33,242

Total 781,918 1,218,022 -436,104

2001 January 62,161 101,869 -39,708

February 62,743 91,639 -28,896

March 70,358 103,536 -33,179

April 62,015 96,265 -34,250

May 64,931 96,605 -31,674

June 63,333 95,663 -32,330

July 54,611 94,625 -40,015

August 60,111 96,728 -36,616

September 55,232 89,484 -34,252

October 60,701 101,177 -40,475

November 57,900 91,705 -33,805

December 55,003 81,703 -26,700

Total 729,100 1,140,999 411,899

2002 January 52,720 85,276 -32,556

February 53,121 83,586 -30,465

March 60,631 91,580 -30,948

April 58,062 96,978 -38,917

May 59,960 98,266 -38,305

June 59,893 96,602 -36,709

July (R) 55,060 (R) 100,657 (R) -45,598

August 59,199 102,015 -42,816

8-Month Total 458,645 754,959 -296,314

2001 8-Month Total 500,264 776,931 -276,667

2000 8-Month Total 512,068 793,007 -280,940

(a) Crude oil, petroleum preparations, liquefied propane and

butane, and other mineral fuels.

(b) Petroleum, coal, natural gas, and electricity.

(R)=Revised.

Notes: * Monthly data are not adjusted for seasonal variations. * See

Note 5 at end of section. * Totals may not equal sum of components due

to independent rounding. * The U.S. import statistics reflect both

government and non government imports of merchandise from foreign

countries into the U.S. customs territory, which comprises the 50

States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Foreign

Trade Division. For details, see * Sources for Table 1.6″ at the end

of this section.

Table 1.7 Cost of Fuels to End Users in Constant (1982-84) Dollars

Consumer

Price Index

(Urban) (a) Motor Gasoline (b)

Index Cents per Dollars per

1982-1984=100 Gallon Million Btu

1973 Average 44.4 NA NA

1974 Average 49.3 NA NA

1975 Average 53.8 NA NA

1976 Average 56.9 NA NA

1977 Average 60.6 NA NA

1978 Average 65.2 100.0 8.00

1979 Average 72.6 121.5 9.71

1980 Average 82.4 148.2 11.85

1981 Average 90.9 148.8 11.90

1982 Average 96.5 132.7 10.61

1983 Average 99.6 123.0 9.83

1984 Average 103.9 115.3 9.22

1985 Average 107.6 111.2 8.89

1986 Average 109.6 84.9 6.79

1987 Average 113.6 84.2 6.74

1988 Average 118.3 81.4 6.51

1989 Average 124.0 85.5 6.83

1990 Average 130.7 93.1 7.44

1991 Average 136.2 87.8 7.02

1992 Average 140.3 84.8 6.78

1993 Average 144.5 81.2 6.49

1994 Average 148.2 79.2 6.36

1995 Average 152.4 79.1 6.37

1996 Average 156.9 82.1 6.61

1997 Average 160.5 80.4 6.48

1998 Average 163.0 68.4 5.51

1999 Average 166.6 73.3 5.91

2000 January 168.8 80.3 6.47

February 169.8 83.7 6.75

March 171.2 93.1 7.51

April 171.3 91.1 7.35

May 171.5 90.5 7.30

June 172.4 96.6 7.79

July 172.8 95.0 7.66

August 172.8 90.2 7.27

September 173.7 94.1 7.59

October 174.0 92.7 7.47

November 174.1 92.4 7.45

December 174.0 88.7 7.15

Average 172.2 90.8 7.32

2001 January 175.1 87.1 7.02

February 175.8 87.5 7.05

March 176.2 85.3 6.88

April 176.9 91.4 7.37

May 177.7 102.0 8.22

June 178.0 97.2 7.84

July 177.5 88.2 7.11

August 177.5 85.0 6.85

September 178.3 90.2 7.27

October 177.7 81.1 6.54

November 177.4 74.6 6.02

December 176.7 67.9 5.47

Average 177.1 86.4 6.97

2002 January 177.1 68.3 5.50

February 177.8 68.1 5.49

March 178.8 74.0 5.97

April 179.8 83.0 6.69

May 179.8 83.9 6.76

June 179.9 82.8 6.67

July 180.1 83.1 6.70

Residential

Heating Oil (c)

Cents per Dollars per

Gallon Million Btu

1973 Average NA NA

1974 Average NA NA

1975 Average NA NA

1976 Average NA NA

1977 Average NA NA

1978 Average 75.2 5.42

1979 Average 97.0 6.99

1980 Average 118.2 8.52

1981 Average 131.4 9.47

1982 Average 120.2 8.67

1983 Average 108.2 7.80

1984 Average 105.0 7.57

1985 Average 97.9 7.06

1986 Average 76.3 5.50

1987 Average 70.7 5.10

1988 Average 68.7 4.96

1989 Average 72.6 5.23

1990 Average 81.3 5.86

1991 Average 74.8 5.39

1992 Average 66.6 4.80

1993 Average 63.0 4.55

1994 Average 59.6 4.30

1995 Average 56.9 4.10

1996 Average 63.0 4.54

1997 Average 61.3 4.42

1998 Average 52.3 3.77

1999 Average 52.6 3.79

2000 January 74.5 5.37

February 83.9 6.05

March 72.4 5.22

April 68.7 4.95

May 68.3 4.93

June 67.5 4.86

July 66.6 4.80

August 68.9 4.97

September 76.0 5.48

October 78.5 5.66

November 80.2 5.79

December 81.1 5.85

Average 76.1 5.49

2001 January 79.2 5.71

February 76.3 5.50

March 73.4 5.30

April 71.9 5.18

May 70.3 5.07

June 67.5 4.87

July 64.0 4.61

August 64.4 4.64

September 66.0 4.76

October 64.2 4.63

November 62.5 4.51

December 61.1 4.41

Average 70.6 5.09

2002 January 61.9 4.47

February 61.1 4.40

March 61.5 4.43

April 61.8 4.46

May 60.6 4.37

June (R) 58.3 (R) 4.20

July 57.1 4.12

Residential

Natural Gas (b)

Cents per

Thousand Dollars per

Cubic Feet Million Btu

1973 Average 290.5 2.85

1974 Average 290.1 2.83

1975 Average 317.8 3.12

1976 Average 348.0 3.41

1977 Average 387.8 3.81

1978 Average 392.6 3.86

1979 Average 410.5 4.03

1980 Average 446.6 4.36

1981 Average 471.9 4.60

1982 Average 535.8 5.22

1983 Average 608.4 5.90

1984 Average 589.0 5.72

1985 Average 568.8 5.52

1986 Average 531.9 5.17

1987 Average 487.7 4.73

1988 Average 462.4 4.49

1989 Average 454.8 4.41

1990 Average 443.8 4.31

1991 Average 427.3 4.14

1992 Average 419.8 4.07

1993 Average 426.3 4.15

1994 Average 432.5 4.20

1995 Average 397.6 3.87

1996 Average 404.1 3.93

1997 Average 432.4 4.21

1998 Average 418.4 4.05

1999 Average 401.6 3.91

2000 January 377.4 3.67

February 385.2 3.75

March 403.6 3.93

April 419.7 4.08

May 481.6 4.69

June 551.0 5.36

July 597.8 5.82

August 600.1 5.84

September 581.5 5.66

October 542.5 5.28

November 492.8 4.79

December 492.0 4.79

Average 450.6 4.39

2001 January (R) 579.1 5.64

February (R) 584.8 (R) 5.70

March 560.7 5.47

April (R) 574.9 (R) 5.60

May (R) 625.2 (R) 6.09

June 645.5 6.29

July 624.2 6.08

August 605.6 5.90

September 567.6 5.53

October 462.6 4.51

November 449.3 4.38

December (R) 414.8 4.04

Average 543.8 5.30

2002 January (R) 408.8 (R) 3.98

February (R) 404.4 3.94

March 389.3 3.79

April 420.5 4.10

May 467.7 4.56

June 523.6 5.10

July NA NA

Residential

Electricity (c)

Cents per Dollars per

Kilowatthour Million Btu

1973 Average 5.6 16.50

1974 Average 6.3 18.43

1975 Average 6.5 19.07

1976 Average 6.5 19.06

1977 Average 6.8 19.83

1978 Average 6.6 19.33

1979 Average 6.3 18.57

1980 Average 6.6 19.21

1981 Average 6.8 19.99

1982 Average 7.2 20.96

1983 Average 7.2 21.19

1984 Average 6.88 20.17

1985 Average 6.87 20.13

1986 Average 6.77 19.84

1987 Average 6.56 19.22

1988 Average 6.32 18.53

1989 Average 6.17 18.08

1990 Average 5.99 17.56

1991 Average 5.90 17.30

1992 Average 5.85 17.15

1993 Average 5.76 16.88

1994 Average 5.65 16.57

1995 Average 5.51 16.15

1996 Average 5.33 15.62

1997 Average 5.25 15.39

1998 Average 5.07 14.85

1999 Average 4.90 14.36

2000 January 4.54 13.30

February 4.54 13.31

March 4.73 13.85

April 4.76 13.94

May 4.86 14.25

June 4.97 14.55

July 4.98 14.60

August 4.99 14.64

September 4.90 14.36

October 4.88 14.30

November 4.68 13.72

December 4.49 13.17

Average 4.79 14.02

2001 January 4.42 12.96

February 4.58 13.42

March 4.72 13.82

April 4.79 14.03

May 4.97 14.56

June 5.07 14.87

July 5.08 14.88

August 5.05 14.81

September 4.99 14.61

October 4.99 14.61

November 4.78 14.01

December 4.70 13.77

Average 4.84 14.18

2002 January 4.51 13.22

February 4.58 13.42

March 4.55 13.34

April 4.61 13.50

May (R) 4.80 (R) 14.07

June (R) 4.85 (R) 14.21

July NA NA

(a) Consumer Price Index, All Urban Consumers, All Items,

1982-1984 = 100.0.

(b) Includes taxes.

(c) Excludes taxes.

R = Revised NA = Not available.

Notes: * Fuel costs are calculated by using the Urban Consumer Price

Index (CPI) developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics * Annual

averages may not equal everage of months due to independent rounding.

* Geographic coverage is the 50 States and the District of Columbia.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Sources: * Fuel Prices: Table 9.4 (All Types), 9.8c, 9.11, and 9.9,

adjusted by the CPI. * CPI: 1973-1997–Economic Report of the

President, February 2002, Table B-60. 1998 forward–Council of

Economic Advisers, Economic Indicators, September 2002, “Consumer

Prices–All Urban Consumers.” * Conversion Factors: Tables A1, A3,

A4, and A6.

Table 1.8 Overview of U.S. Petroleum Trade

Imports

from Imports

Persian from

Gulf (a) OPEC (b) Imports

Thousand Barrels per Day

1973 Average 848 2,993 6,256

1974 Average 1,039 3,280 6,112

1975 Average 1,165 3,601 6,056

1976 Average 1,840 5,066 7,313

1977 Average 2,448 6,193 8,807

1978 Average 2,219 5,751 8,363

1979 Average 2,069 5,637 8,456

1980 Average 1,519 4,300 6,909

1981 Average 1,219 3,323 5,996

1982 Average 696 2,146 5,113

1983 Average 442 1,862 5,051

1984 Average 506 2,049 5,437

1985 Average 311 1,830 5,067

1986 Average 912 2,837 6,224

1987 Average 1,077 3,060 6,678

1988 Average 1,541 3,520 7,402

1989 Average 1,861 4,140 8,061

1990 Average 1,966 4,296 8,018

1991 Average 1,845 4,092 7,627

1992 Average 1,778 4,092 7,888

1993 Average 1,782 4,273 8,620

1994 Average 1,728 4,247 8,996

1995 Average 1,573 4,002 8,835

1996 Average 1,604 4,211 9,478

1997 Average 1,755 4,569 10,162

1998 Average 2,136 4,905 10,708

1999 Average 2,464 4,953 10,852

2000 January 2,048 4,169 10,140

February 2,362 4,907 11,003

March 2,204 5,054 11,052

April 2,400 5,171 11,558

May 2,218 4,904 11,415

June 2,586 5,558 12,032

July 2,612 5,178 11,588

August 2,825 5,904 12,173

September 2,827 5,470 11,900

October 2,504 5,307 11,290

November 2,482 5,236 11,309

December 2,791 5,575 12,053

Average 2,488 5,203 11,459

2001 January 2,504 5,527 12,555

February 2,377 5,071 11,643

March 2,699 5,832 12,132

April 2,904 6,104 12,653

May 3,120 6,080 12,529

June 2,901 5,641 11,732

July 2,736 5,509 11,760

August 2,695 5,289 11,622

September 3,028 5,593 11,818

October 2,857 5,542 11,379

November 2,637 5,097 11,628

December 2,651 5,024 10,994

Average 2,761 5,528 11,871

2002 January 2,694 5,001 10,647

February 2,470 4,733 10,769

March 2,505 4,891 10,957

April 2,445 4,552 11,524

May 2,175 4,463 11,612

June 2,091 4,347 11,532

July 1,998 4,310 11,294

August 1,896 4,604 11,821

8-Month Average 2,282 4,613 11,299

2001 8-Month Average 2,745 5,636 12,083

2000 8-Month Average 2,407 5,105 11,370

Net Products

Exports Imports Supplied

Thousand Barrels per Day

1973 Average 231 6,025 17,308

1974 Average 221 5,892 16,653

1975 Average 209 5,846 16,322

1976 Average 223 7,090 17,461

1977 Average 243 8,565 18,431

1978 Average 362 8,002 18,847

1979 Average 471 7,985 18,513

1980 Average 544 6,365 17,056

1981 Average 595 5,401 16,058

1982 Average 815 4,298 15,296

1983 Average 739 4,312 15,231

1984 Average 722 4,715 15,726

1985 Average 781 4,286 15,726

1986 Average 785 5,439 16,281

1987 Average 764 5,914 16,665

1988 Average 815 6,587 17,283

1989 Average 859 7,202 17,325

1990 Average 857 7,161 16,988

1991 Average 1,001 6,626 16,714

1992 Average 950 6,938 17,033

1993 Average 1,003 7,618 17,237

1994 Average 942 8,054 17,718

1995 Average 949 7,886 17,725

1996 Average 981 8,498 18,309

1997 Average 1,003 9,158 18,620

1998 Average 945 9,764 18,917

1999 Average 940 9,912 19,519

2000 January 1,006 9,134 19,026

February 870 10,133 19,635

March 1,159 9,893 19,218

April 1,131 10,427 18,816

May 856 10,559 19,605

June 925 11,107 20,054

July 900 10,688 19,696

August 1,073 11,099 20,496

September 1,059 10,841 19,899

October 1,292 9,998 19,798

November 1,108 10,201 19,328

December 1,095 10,958 20,814

Average 1,040 10,419 19,701

2001 January 954 11,601 20,092

February 1,004 10,639 19,689

March 938 11,194 19,876

April 942 11,711 19,729

May 1,069 11,461 19,501

June 976 10,756 19,561

July 879 10,881 19,919

August 1,048 10,573 20,153

September 825 10,993 19,016

October 946 10,432 19,824

November 960 10,669 19,396

December 1,109 9,885 19,003

Average 971 10,900 19,649

2002 January 861 9,986 19,170

February 1,123 9,646 19,475

March 853 10,104 19,516

April 890 10,635 19,419

May 910 10,702 19,678

June 880 10,653 19,810

July 839 10,455 19,847

August 1,138 10,683 20,134

8-Month Average 935 10,364 19,633

2001 8-Month Average 976 11,107 19,818

2000 8-Month Average 991 10,379 19,569

As Share of

Products Supplied

Imports

from Imports

Persian from

Gulf (a) OPEC (b)

Percent

1973 Average 4.9 17.3

1974 Average 6.2 19.7

1975 Average 7.1 22.1

1976 Average 10.5 29.0

1977 Average 13.3 33.6

1978 Average 11.8 30.5

1979 Average 11.2 30.5

1980 Average 8.9 25.2

1981 Average 7.6 20.7

1982 Average 4.5 14.0

1983 Average 2.9 12.2

1984 Average 3.2 13.0

1985 Average 2.0 11.6

1986 Average 5.6 17.4

1987 Average 6.5 18.4

1988 Average 8.9 20.4

1989 Average 10.7 23.9

1990 Average 11.6 25.3

1991 Average 11.0 24.5

1992 Average 10.4 24.0

1993 Average 10.3 24.8

1994 Average 9.8 24.0

1995 Average 8.9 22.6

1996 Average 8.8 23.0

1997 Average 9.4 24.5

1998 Average 11.3 25.9

1999 Average 12.6 25.4

2000 January 10.8 21.9

February 12.0 25.0

March 11.5 26.3

April 12.8 27.5

May 11.3 25.0

June 12.9 27.7

July 13.3 26.3

August 13.8 28.8

September 14.2 27.5

October 12.6 26.8

November 12.8 27.1

December 13.4 26.8

Average 12.6 26.4

2001 January 12.5 27.5

February 12.1 25.8

March 13.6 29.3

April 14.7 30.9

May 16.0 31.2

June 14.8 28.8

July 13.7 27.7

August 13.4 26.2

September 15.9 29.4

October 14.4 28.0

November 13.6 26.3

December 14.0 26.4

Average 14.1 28.1

2002 January 14.1 26.1

February 12.7 24.3

March 12.8 25.1

April 12.6 23.4

May 11.1 22.7

June 10.6 21.9

July 10.1 21.7

August 9.4 22.9

8-Month Average 11.6 23.5

2001 8-Month Average 13.9 28.4

2000 8-Month Average 12.3 26.1

As Share of

Products Supplied

Net

Imports Imports

Percent

1973 Average 36.1 34.8

1974 Average 36.7 35.4

1975 Average 37.1 35.8

1976 Average 41.9 40.6

1977 Average 47.8 46.5

1978 Average 44.4 42.5

1979 Average 45.7 43.1

1980 Average 40.5 37.3

1981 Average 37.3 33.6

1982 Average 33.4 28.1

1983 Average 33.2 28.3

1984 Average 34.6 30.0

1985 Average 32.2 27.3

1986 Average 38.2 33.4

1987 Average 40.1 35.5

1988 Average 42.8 38.1

1989 Average 46.5 41.6

1990 Average 47.2 42.2

1991 Average 45.6 39.6

1992 Average 46.3 40.7

1993 Average 50.0 44.2

1994 Average 50.8 45.5

1995 Average 49.8 44.5

1996 Average 51.8 46.4

1997 Average 54.6 49.2

1998 Average 56.6 51.6

1999 Average 55.6 50.8

2000 January 53.3 48.0

February 56.0 51.6

March 57.5 51.5

April 61.4 55.4

May 58.2 53.9

June 60.0 55.4

July 58.8 54.3

August 59.4 54.2

September 59.8 54.5

October 57.0 50.5

November 58.5 52.8

December 57.9 52.6

Average 58.2 52.9

2001 January 62.5 57.7

February 59.1 54.0

March 61.0 56.3

April 64.1 59.4

May 64.2 58.8

June 60.0 55.0

July 59.0 54.6

August 57.7 52.5

September 62.1 57.8

October 57.4 52.6

November 60.0 55.0

December 57.9 52.0

Average 60.4 55.5

2002 January 56.6 52.1

February 55.3 49.5

March 56.1 51.8

April 59.3 54.8

May 59.0 54.4

June 58.2 53.8

July 56.9 52.7

August 58.7 53.1

8-Month Average 57.6 52.8

2001 8-Month Average 61.0 56.0

2000 8-Month Average 58.1 53.0

As Share of

Total Imports

Imports

from Imports

Persian from

Gulf (a) OPEC (b)

Percent

1973 Average 13.6 47.8

1974 Average 17.0 53.7

1975 Average 19.2 59.5

1976 Average 25.2 69.3

1977 Average 27.8 70.3

1978 Average 26.5 68.8

1979 Average 24.5 66.7

1980 Average 22.0 62.2

1981 Average 20.3 55.4

1982 Average 13.6 42.0

1983 Average 8.8 36.9

1984 Average 9.3 37.7

1985 Average 6.1 36.1

1986 Average 14.7 45.6

1987 Average 16.1 45.8

1988 Average 20.8 47.6

1989 Average 23.1 51.4

1990 Average 24.5 53.6

1991 Average 24.2 53.7

1992 Average 22.5 51.9

1993 Average 20.7 49.6

1994 Average 19.2 47.2

1995 Average 17.8 45.3

1996 Average 16.9 44.4

1997 Average 17.3 45.0

1998 Average 19.9 45.8

1999 Average 22.7 45.6

2000 January 20.2 41.1

February 21.5 44.6

March 19.9 45.7

April 20.8 44.7

May 19.4 43.0

June 21.5 46.2

July 22.5 44.7

August 23.2 48.5

September 23.8 46.0

October 22.2 47.0

November 21.9 46.3

December 23.2 46.3

Average 21.7 45.4

2001 January 19.9 44.0

February 20.4 43.6

March 22.2 48.1

April 23.0 48.2

May 24.9 48.5

June 24.7 48.1

July 23.3 46.8

August 23.2 45.5

September 25.6 47.3

October 25.1 48.7

November 22.7 43.8

December 24.1 45.7

Average 23.3 46.6

2002 January 24.8 46.1

February 22.9 43.9

March 22.9 44.6

April 21.2 39.5

May 18.7 38.4

June 18.1 37.7

July 17.7 38.2

August 16.0 38.9

8-Month Average 20.2 40.8

2001 8-Month Average 22.7 46.6

2000 8-Month Average 21.2 44.9

(a) Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United

Arab Emirates Emirates.

(b) Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. See Glossary.

Notes: * Readers of Table 1.8 may be interested in a feature article,

* Measuring Dependence on Imported Oil,” that was published in the

August 1995 Monthly Energy Review. * Petroleum is crude oil, lease

condensate, unfinished oils, petroleum products, natural gas plant

liquids, and nonhydrocarbon compounds blended into finished petroleum

products. * Beginning in October 1977, petroleum imported for the

Strategic Petroleum Reserves is included. * Annual averages may not

equal average of months due to independent rounding. * U.S. geographic

coverage is the 50 States and the District of Columbia. U.S. exports

include shipments to U.S. territories, and imports include receipts

from U.S. territories.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Sources: * Column 1: Table 3.3b. * Column 2: Table 3.3d. * Columns

3-5: Table 3.1b. * Column 6: Table 3.1a. * Columns 7-12: Calculated by

Energy Information Administration.

Table 1.9 Energy Consumption per Dollar of Gross Domestic Product

(Seasonally Adjusted at Annual Rates)

Energy Consumption

Petroleum

and Other

Natural Gas Energy (a)

Quadrillion Btu

1973 Year 57.352 18.456

1974 Year 55.187 18.893

1975 Year 52.678 19.364

1976 Year 55.520 20.552

1977 Year 57.053 21.069

1978 Year 57.966 22.158

1979 Year 57.789 23.255

1980 Year 54.596 23.839

1981 Year 51.859 24.710

1982 Year 48.736 24.704

1983 Year 47.411 25.906

1984 Year 49.558 27.413

1985 Year 48.756 28.022

1986 Year 48.904 28.161

1987 Year 50.609 29.024

1988 Year 52.774 30.294

1989 Year 53.595 (b) (c) 31.121

1990 Year 52.849 31.495

1991 Year 52.452 31.646

1992 Year 53.657 31.855

1993 Year 54.668 32.632

1994 Year 55.958 33.255

1995 Year 56.717 34.226

1996 Year 58.316 35.615

1997 Year 58.795 35.545

1998 Year 58.870 35.753

1999 Year 60.163 36.604

2000 1st Quarter 60.261 NA

2nd Quarter 61.807 NA

3rd Quarter 60.819 NA

4th Quarter 62.409 NA

Year 61.514 37.260

2001 1st Quarter (R) 62.885 NA

2nd Quarter (R) 60.531 NA

3rd Quarter (R) 59.394 NA

4th Quarter (R) 58.332 NA

Year (R) 60.271 36.001

2002 1st Quarter (R) 60.128 NA

2nd Quarter (R) 60.312 NA

Energy Gross

Consumption Domestic

Product

Total (GDP)

Billion

Chained

1996

Dollars

1973 Year 75.808 4,123.4

1974 Year 74.080 4,099.0

1975 Year 72.042 4,084.4

1976 Year 76.072 4,311.7

1977 Year 78.122 4,511.8

1978 Year 80.123 4,760.6

1979 Year 81.044 4,912.1

1980 Year 78.435 4,900.9

1981 Year 76.569 5,021.0

1982 Year 73.440 4,919.3

1983 Year 73.317 5,132.3

1984 Year 76.972 5,505.2

1985 Year 76.778 5,717.1

1986 Year 77.065 5,912.4

1987 Year 79.633 6,113.3

1988 Year 83.068 6,368.4

1989 Year (b) (c) 84.716 6,591.8

1990 Year 84.344 6,707.9

1991 Year 84.298 6,676.4

1992 Year 85.513 6,880.0

1993 Year 87.300 7,062.6

1994 Year 89.213 7,347.7

1995 Year 90.943 7,543.8

1996 Year 93.931 7,813.2

1997 Year 94.340 8,159.5

1998 Year 94.623 8,508.9

1999 Year 96.767 8,859.0

2000 1st Quarter NA 9,097.4

2nd Quarter NA 9,205.7

3rd Quarter NA 9,218.7

4th Quarter NA 9,243.8

Year 98.775 9,191.4

2001 1st Quarter NA 9,229.9

2nd Quarter NA 9,193.1

3rd Quarter NA 9,186.4

4th Quarter NA 9,248.8

Year (R) 96.271 9,214.5

2002 1st Quarter NA 9,363.2

2nd Quarter NA (R) 9,392.4

Energy Consumption per Dollar of GDP

Petroleum

and Other

Natural Gas Energy (a) Total

Thousands Btu per Chained

(1996) Dollar

1973 Year 13.91 4.48 18.38

1974 Year 13.46 4.61 18.07

1975 Year 12.90 4.74 17.64

1976 Year 12.88 4.77 17.64

1977 Year 12.65 4.67 17.32

1978 Year 12.18 4.65 16.83

1979 Year 11.76 4.73 16.50

1980 Year 11.14 4.86 16.00

1981 Year 10.33 4.92 15.25

1982 Year 9.91 5.02 14.93

1983 Year 9.24 5.05 14.29

1984 Year 9.00 4.98 13.98

1985 Year 8.53 4.90 13.43

1986 Year 8.27 4.76 13.03

1987 Year 8.28 4.75 13.03

1988 Year 8.29 4.76 13.94

1989 Year 8.13 4.72 12.85

1990 Year 7.88 4.70 12.57

1991 Year 7.86 4.77 12.63

1992 Year 7.80 4.63 12.43

1993 Year 7.74 4.62 12.36

1994 Year 7.62 4.53 12.14

1995 Year 7.52 4.54 12.06

1996 Year 7.46 4.56 12.02

1997 Year 7.21 4.36 11.56

1998 Year 6.92 4.20 11.12

1999 Year 6.79 4.13 10.92

2000 1st Quarter 6.62 NA NA

2nd Quarter 6.71 NA NA

3rd Quarter 6.60 NA NA

4th Quarter 6.75 NA NA

Year 6.69 4.05 10.75

2001 1st Quarter (R) 6.81 NA NA

2nd Quarter (R) 6.58 NA NA

3rd Quarter 6.47 NA NA

4th Quarter (R) 6.31 NA NA

Year 6.54 3.91 10.45

2002 1st Quarter 6.42 NA NA

2nd Quarter (R) 6.42 NA NA

(a) Coal, nuclear electric power, renewable energy, and pumped-storage

hydroelectric power.

(b) Beginning in 1989, includes electricity generated by non-utility

nuclear units.

(c) Beginning in 1989, includes coal consumed by “Other Power

Producers.”

See Table 6.2.

(R)=Revised. NA=Not available,

Notes: * Quarterly data are seasonally adjusted and shown at annual

rates. * Yearly data may not equal average of quarters due to

seasonality adjustments and independent rounding. * Totals may not

equal sum of components due to independent. * Geographic coverage

is the 50 States and the District of Columbia.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/overview.html.

Product: 1973-2000–U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic

Analysis, Survey of Current Business, August 2002, Table 2A. 2001

forward–U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis,

BEA News Release, September 27, 2002, Table 3, which is available at

website www.bea.doc.gov.bea/newsrel/gdp400p.htm.

Table 1.10 Motor Vehicle Mileage, Fuel Consumption, and Fuel Rates

Passenger Cars (a)

Mileage Fuel Fuel

(miles Consumption Rate

per (gallons (miles per

vehicle) per vehicle) gallon)

1973 9,884 737 13.4

1974 9,221 677 13.6

1975 9,309 665 14.0

1976 9,418 681 13.8

1977 9,517 676 14.1

1978 9,500 665 14.3

1979 9,062 620 14.6

1980 8,813 551 16.0

1981 8,873 538 16.5

1982 9,050 535 16.9

1983 9,118 534 17.1

1984 9,248 530 17.4

1985 9,419 538 17.5

1986 9,464 543 17.4

1987 9,720 539 18.0

1988 9,972 531 18.8

1989 10,157 533 19.0

1990 (a) 10,504 (a) 520 (a) 20.2

1991 10,571 501 21.1

1992 10,857 517 21.0

1993 10,804 527 20.5

1994 10,992 531 20.7

1995 11,203 530 21.1

1996 11,330 534 21.2

1997 11,581 539 21.5

1998 11,754 544 21.6

1999 11,848 553 21.4

2000 (e) 11,988 546 22.0

Vans, Pickup Trucks,

and Sport Utility Vehicles (b)

Mileage Fuel Fuel

(miles Consumption Rate

per (gallons (miles per

vehicle) per vehicle) gallon)

1973 9,779 931 10.5

1974 9,452 862 11.0

1975 9,829 934 10.5

1976 10,127 934 10.8

1977 10,607 947 11.2

1978 10,968 948 11.6

1979 10,802 905 11.9

1980 10,437 854 12.2

1981 10,244 819 12.5

1982 10,276 762 13.5

1983 10,497 767 13.7

1984 11,151 797 14.0

1985 10,506 735 14.3

1986 10,764 738 14.6

1987 11,114 744 14.9

1988 11,465 745 15.4

1989 11,676 724 16.1

1990 11,902 738 16.1

1991 12,245 721 17.0

1992 12,381 717 17.3

1993 12,430 714 17.4

1994 12,156 701 17.3

1995 12,018 694 17.3

1996 11,811 685 17.2

1997 12,115 703 17.2

1998 12,173 707 17.2

1999 11,957 701 17.0

2000 (e) 11,684 668 17.5

Trucks (c)

Mileage Fuel Fuel

(miles Consumption Rate

per (gallons (miles per

vehicle) per vehicle) gallon)

1973 15,370 2,775 5.5

1974 14,995 2,708 5.5

1975 15,167 2,722 5.6

1976 15,438 2,764 5.6

1977 16,700 3,002 5.6

1978 18,045 3,263 5.5

1979 18,502 3,380 5.5

1980 18,736 3,447 5.4

1981 19,016 3,565 5.3

1982 19,931 3,647 5.5

1983 21,083 3,769 5.6

1984 22,550 3,967 5.7

1985 20,597 3,570 5.8

1986 22,143 3,821 5.8

1987 23,349 3,937 5.9

1988 22,485 3,736 6.0

1989 22,926 3,776 6.1

1990 23,603 3,953 6.0

1991 24,229 4,047 6.0

1992 25,373 4,210 6.0

1993 26,262 4,309 6.1

1994 25,838 4,202 6.1

1995 26,514 4,315 6.1

1996 26,092 4,221 6.2

1997 27,032 4,218 6.4

1998 25,397 4,135 6.1

1999 26,014 4,352 6.0

2000 (e) 25,651 4,387 5.8

All Motor Vehicles (d)

Mileage Fuel Fuel

(miles Consumption Rate

per (gallons (miles per

vehicle) per vehicle) gallon)

1973 10,099 850 11.9

1974 9,493 788 12.0

1975 9,627 790 12.2

1976 9,774 806 12.1

1977 9,976 814 12.3

1978 10,077 816 12.4

1979 9,722 776 12.5

1980 9,468 712 13.3

1981 9,477 697 13.6

1982 9,644 666 14.1

1983 9,760 686 14.2

1984 10,017 691 14.5

1985 10,020 685 14.6

1986 10,143 692 14.7

1987 10,453 694 15.1

1988 10,721 688 15.6

1989 10,932 688 15.9

1990 11,107 677 16.4

1991 11,294 669 16.9

1992 11,558 683 16.9

1993 11,595 693 16.7

1994 11,663 698 16.7

1995 11,793 700 16.8

1996 11,813 700 16.9

1997 12,107 711 17.0

1998 12,211 721 16.9

1999 12,206 732 16.7

2000 (e) 12,177 719 16.9

(a) Motorcycles are included through 1989.

(b) Includes a small number of trucks with 2

axles and 4 tires, such as step vans.

(c) Single-unit trucks with 2 axles and 6 or

more tires, and combination trucks.

(d) Includes buses and motorcycles, which are

not shown separately.

(e) Preliminary.

Notes: Geographic coverage is the 50 States and

the District of Columbia.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Sources: * Passenger Cars: 1990-1994: U.S. Department of

Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics,

National Transportation Statistics 1998, Table 4-13.

* All Other Data: * 1973-1964: Federal Highway

Administration (FHWA), Highway Statistics Summary to

1995, Table VM-201A. * 1996 forward: FHWA, Highway

Statistics, annual, Table VM-1.

Table 1.11 Heating Degree-Days by Census Division

September 1 through

September 30

Census Divisions Normal (a) 2001 2002

New England

Connecticut, Maine,

Massachusetts,

New Hampshire,

Rhode Island, Vermont 153 146 90

Middle Atlantic

New Jersey, New York,

Pennsylvania 105 91 34

East North Central

Illinois, Indiana,

Michigan, Ohio,

Wisconsin 121 145 54

West North Central

Iowa, Kansas,

Minnesota, Missouri,

Nebraska, North Dakota,

South Dakota 106 147 103

South Atlantic

Delaware, Florida,

Georgia, Maryland and

the District of Columbia,

North Carolina,

South Carolina, Virginia,

West Virginia 32 39 2

East South Central

Alabama, Kentucky,

Mississippi, Tennessee 32 54 9

West South Central

Arkansas, Louisiana,

Oklahoma, Texas 9 22 2

Mountain

Arizona, Colorado,

Idaho, Montana,

Nevada, New Mexico,

Utah, Wyoming 134 65 91

Pacific (b)

California, Oregon,

Washington 62 27 31

U.S. Average (b) 77 75 37

September 1 through

September 30

Percent Change

Normal 2001

Census Divisions to 2002 to 2002

New England

Connecticut, Maine,

Massachusetts,

New Hampshire,

Rhode Island, Vermont -41 -38

Middle Atlantic

New Jersey, New York,

Pennsylvania -68 -63

East North Central

Illinois, Indiana,

Michigan, Ohio,

Wisconsin -55 -63

West North Central

Iowa, Kansas,

Minnesota, Missouri,

Nebraska, North Dakota,

South Dakota -3 -30

South Atlantic

Delaware, Florida,

Georgia, Maryland and

the District of Columbia,

North Carolina,

South Carolina, Virginia,

West Virginia (c) (c)

East South Central

Alabama, Kentucky,

Mississippi, Tennessee (c) (c)

West South Central

Arkansas, Louisiana,

Oklahoma, Texas (c) (c)

Mountain

Arizona, Colorado,

Idaho, Montana,

Nevada, New Mexico,

Utah, Wyoming -32 40

Pacific (b)

California, Oregon,

Washington (c) (c)

U.S. Average (b) (c) (c)

Cumulative

July 1 through September 30

Census Divisions Normal (a) 2001 2002

New England

Connecticut, Maine,

Massachusetts,

New Hampshire,

Rhode Island, Vermont 190 182 118

Middle Atlantic

New Jersey, New York,

Pennsylvania 127 96 37

East North Central

Illinois, Indiana,

Michigan, Ohio,

Wisconsin 156 165 62

West North Central

Iowa, Kansas,

Minnesota, Missouri,

Nebraska, North Dakota,

South Dakota 139 167 120

South Atlantic

Delaware, Florida,

Georgia, Maryland and

the District of Columbia,

North Carolina,

South Carolina, Virginia,

West Virginia 34 39 2

East South Central

Alabama, Kentucky,

Mississippi, Tennessee 33 54 9

West South Central

Arkansas, Louisiana,

Oklahoma, Texas 9 22 2

Mountain

Arizona, Colorado,

Idaho, Montana,

Nevada, New Mexico,

Utah, Wyoming 183 72 103

Pacific (b)

California, Oregon,

Washington 108 45 41

U.S. Average (b) 101 86 44

Cumulative

July 1 through

September 30

Percent Change

Normal 2001

Census Divisions to 2002 to 2002

New England

Connecticut, Maine,

Massachusetts,

New Hampshire,

Rhode Island, Vermont -38 -35

Middle Atlantic

New Jersey, New York,

Pennsylvania -71 -62

East North Central

Illinois, Indiana,

Michigan, Ohio,

Wisconsin -60 -62

West North Central

Iowa, Kansas,

Minnesota, Missouri,

Nebraska, North Dakota,

South Dakota -14 -28

South Atlantic

Delaware, Florida,

Georgia, Maryland and

the District of Columbia,

North Carolina,

South Carolina, Virginia,

West Virginia (c) (c)

East South Central

Alabama, Kentucky,

Mississippi, Tennessee (c) (c)

West South Central

Arkansas, Louisiana,

Oklahoma, Texas (c) (c)

Mountain

Arizona, Colorado,

Idaho, Montana,

Nevada, New Mexico,

Utah, Wyoming -44 43

Pacific (b)

California, Oregon,

Washington -62 -9

U.S. Average (b) -56 -49

(a) “Normal” is based on calculations of data from 1971 through 2000.

(b) Excludes Alaska and Hawaii.

(c) Percent change is not meaningful: normal is less than 100 or ratio

is incalculable.

(s)=Less than 0.5 percent and greater than -0.5 percent.

Notes: Degree-days are relative measurements of outdoor air temperature

used as an index for heating and cooling energy requirements. Heating

degree-days are the number of degrees that the daily average

temperature falls below 65[degrees]F. Cooling degree-days are the

number of degrees that the daily average temperature rises above

65[degrees]F. The daily average temperature is the mean of the maximum

and minimum temperatures in a 24-hour period. For example, a weather

station recording an average daily temperature of 40[degrees]F would

report 25 heating degree-days for that day (and 0 cooling degree-days).

If a weather station recorded an average daily temperature of

78[degrees]F, cooling degree-days for that station would be 13 (and 0

heating degree days).

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Sources: See end of section.

Table 1.12 Cooling Degree-Days by Census Division

September 1 through September 30

Percent Change

Normal 2001

Census Divisions Normal 2001 2002 to 2002 to 2002

(a)

New England

Connecticut, Maine,

Massachusetts,

New Hampshire,

Rhode Island,

Vermont 25 34 58 (c) (c)

Middle Atlantic

New Jersey,

New York,

Pennsylvania 68 56 93 (c) (c)

East North Central

Illinois, Indiana,

Michigan, Ohio,

Wisconsin 69 48 129 (c) (c)

West North Central

Iowa, Kansas,

Minnesota,

Missouri,

Nebraska,

North Dakota,

South Dakota 94 73 143 (c) (c)

South Atlantic

Delaware, Florida,

Georgia,

Maryland and

the District

of Columbia,

North Carolina,

South Carolina,

Virginia,

West Virginia 259 235 310 20 32

East South Central

Alabama, Kentucky,

Mississippi,

Tennessee 218 202 305 40 51

West South Central

Arkansas, Louisiana,

Oklahoma, Texas 349 317 388 11 22

Mountain

Arizona, Colorado,

Idaho, Montana,

Nevada, New Mexico,

Utah, Wyoming 153 223 192 26 -14

Pacific (b)

California, Oregon,

Washington 122 130 143 17 10

U.S. Average (b) 154 144 197 28 37

Cumulative

January 1 through September 30

Percent Change

Normal 2001

Census Divisions Normal 2001 2002 to 2002 to 2002

(a)

New England

Connecticut, Maine,

Massachusetts,

New Hampshire,

Rhode Island,

Vermont 419 525 615 47 17

Middle Atlantic

New Jersey,

New York,

Pennsylvania 669 759 895 34 18

East North Central

Illinois, Indiana,

Michigan, Ohio,

Wisconsin 725 756 972 34 29

West North Central

Iowa, Kansas,

Minnesota,

Missouri,

Nebraska,

North Dakota,

South Dakota 964 1,027 1,115 16 9

South Atlantic

Delaware, Florida,

Georgia,

Maryland and

the District

of Columbia,

North Carolina,

South Carolina,

Virginia,

West Virginia 1,728 1,747 1,985 15 14

East South Central

Alabama, Kentucky,

Mississippi,

Tennessee 1,498 1,534 1,769 18 15

West South Central

Arkansas, Louisiana,

Oklahoma, Texas 2,279 2,392 2,433 7 2

Mountain

Arizona, Colorado,

Idaho, Montana,

Nevada, New Mexico,

Utah, Wyoming 1,118 1,434 1,396 25 -3

Pacific (b)

California, Oregon,

Washington 651 719 684 5 -5

U.S. Average (b) 1,120 1,195 1,317 18 10

(a) “Normal” is based on calculations of data from 1961 through 1990.

(b) Excludes Alaska and Hawaii.

(c) Percent change is not meaningful: normal is less than 100 or ratio

is incalculable.

(s) = Less than 0.5 percent and greater than -0.5 percent,

Notes: Degree-days are relative measurements of outdoor air temperature

used as an index for heating and cooling energy requirements. Cooling

degree-days are the number of degrees that the daily average

temperature rises above 65[degrees]F. Heating degree-days are the

number of degrees that the daily average temperature falls below

65[degrees]F. The daily average temperature is the mean of the maximum

and minimum temperatures in a 24-hour period. For example, if a weather

station recorded an average daily temperature of 78[degrees]F, cooling

degree-days for that station would be 13 (and 0 heating degree-days). A

weather station recording an average daily temperature of 40[degrees]F

would report 25 heating degree-days for that day (and 0 cooling

degree-days).

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Sources: See end of section.

Figure 1.7 Overview of U.S. Petroleum Trade

Overview, August 2002

Million Barrels

per Day

Imports from Persian Gulf 1.9

Imports from OPEC 4.6

Total Imports 11.8

Exports 1.1

Net Imports 10.7

Products Supplied 20.1

Note: Table from bar graph.

Imports from OPEC and the Persian Gulf as a Share of Total Imports

1973-2001

1977 2001

OPEC 70.3% 46.6%

Persian Gulf 27.8% 23.3%

Note: Table made from line graph.

January-August

2000 2001 2002

OPEC 44.9 46.6 40.8

Persian Gulf 21.2 22.7 20.2

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Net Imports as Share of Products Supplied

1973-2001

Percent

1977 46.5%

1985 27.3%

2001 55.5%

Note: Table made from line graph.

January-August

Percent

2000 53

2001 56

2002 52.8

Note: Table made from bar graph.

OPEC = Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries.

Note: Because vertical scales differ, graphs should not be compared.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Source: Table 1.8.

COPYRIGHT 2002 US Department of Energy

COPYRIGHT 2004 Gale Group