Section 1. Energy overview

Section 1. Energy overview

Energy production during October 2004 totaled 5.8 quadrillion Btu, a 2.3-percent decrease compared with the level of production during October 2003. Production of nuclear electric power increased 4.1 percent; conventional hydroelectric power increased 3.8 percent; crude oil decreased 9.3 percent; natural gas (dry) decreased 4.3 percent; and coal decreased 0.9 percent, compared with the level of production during October 2003.

Energy consumption during October 2004 totaled 8.0 quadrillion Btu, a 1.9-percent increase compared with the level of consumption during October 2003. Consumption of nuclear electric power increased 4.1 percent; conventional hydroelectric power increased 3.8 percent; petroleum increased 2.8 percent; natrual gas decreased 1.0 percent; and coal increased 0.9 percent, compared with the level 1 year earlier.

Net imports of energy during October 2004 totaled 2.5 quadrillion Btu, 7.3 percent above the level of net imports 1 year earlier. Petroleum products net imports increased 45.2 percent; crude oil net imports increased 2.5 percent; natural gas net imports decreased 3.2 percent; and coal net exports fell by 50.0 percent compared with the level in October 2003.

Table 1.1 Energy Overview

(Quadrillion Btu)

Production Imports Exports

1973 Total 63.585 14.613 2.033

1974 Total 62.372 14.304 2.203

1975 Total 61.357 14.032 2.323

1976 Total 61.602 16.760 2.172

1977 Total 62.052 19.948 2.052

1978 Total 63.137 19.106 1.920

1979 Total 65.948 19.460 2.855

1980 Total 67.241 15.796 3.695

1981 Total 67.007 13.719 4.307

1982 Total 66.574 11.861 4.608

1983 Total 64.106 11.752 3.693

1984 Total 68.832 12.471 3.786

1985 Total 67.647 11.781 4.196

1986 Total 67.087 14.151 4.021

1987 Total 67.608 15.398 3.812

1988 Total 68.951 17.296 4.366

1989 Total 69.364 18.766 4.661

1990 Total 70.729 18.817 4.752

1991 Total 70.362 18.335 5.141

1992 Total 69.933 19.372 4.937

1993 Total 68.260 21.273 4.258

1994 Total 70.676 22.390 4.061

1995 Total 71.156 22.260 4.511

1996 Total 72.472 23.702 4.633

1997 Total 72.389 25.215 4.514

1998 Total 72.787 26.581 4.299

1999 Total 71.652 27.252 3.715

2000 Total 71.218 28.973 4.006

2001 Total 71.792 30.157 3.770

2002 January 6.278 2.414 .292

February 5.607 2.148 .290

March 5.947 2.427 .266

April 5.826 2.434 .292

May 6.063 2.510 .294

June 5.858 2.442 .308

July 5.997 2.528 .270

August 6.052 2.588 .344

September 5.739 2.349 .301

October 5.833 2.566 .333

November 5.736 2.550 .313

December 5.995 2.450 .359

Total 70.933 29.406 3.661

2003 January (R) 6.068 2.428 .377

February (R) 5.458 2.180 .300

March (R) 5.955 2.584 .316

April 5.794 2.612 .333

May (R) 5.987 2.746 .357

June (R) 5.847 2.660 .351

July (R) 5.946 2.751 .339

August (R) 5.955 2.730 .334

September (R) 5.804 2.665 .325

October (R) 5.927 2.668 .349

November (R) 5.616 2.457 .338

December (R) 6.035 2.623 .345

Total (R) 70.392 31.107 4.065

2004 January (R) 6.111 2.567 .289

February 5.647 2.502 .303

March (R) 6.039 2.787 .379

April (R) 5.792 2.604 .401

May (R) 5.867 2.795 .380

June (R) 5.957 2.774 .380

July (R) 6.035 2.885 .357

August (R) 6.031 2.892 .359

September (R) 5.747 (R) 2.621 .345

October 5.789 2.831 .343

10-Month Total 59.014 27.258 3.537

2003 10-Month Total 58.741 26.026 3.382

2002 10-Month Total 59.201 24.406 2.990

Adjustments (a) Consumption

1973 Total -0.456 75.708

1974 Total -.482 73.991

1975 Total -1.067 71.999

1976 Total -.178 76.012

1977 Total -1.948 78.000

1978 Total -.337 79.986

1979 Total -1.649 80.903

1980 Total -1.054 78.289

1981 Total -.077 76.342

1982 Total -.575 73.253

1983 Total .935 73.101

1984 Total -.781 76.736

1985 Total 1.238 76.469

1986 Total -.435 76.782

1987 Total .032 79.225

1988 Total .964 82.844

1989 Total 1.487 84.957

1990 Total -.126 84.668

1991 Total 1.040 84.595

1992 Total 1.581 85.949

1993 Total 2.303 87.578

1994 Total .243 89.248

1995 Total 2.315 91.221

1996 Total 2.683 94.224

1997 Total 1.637 94.727

1998 Total .078 95.146

1999 Total 1.585 96.774

2000 Total 2.720 98.905

2001 Total -1.800 96.378

2002 January .449 8.849

February .463 7.928

March .313 8.421

April -.186 7.782

May -.449 7.830

June -.082 7.910

July .197 8.452

August .077 8.374

September -.096 7.691

October -.223 7.843

November .083 8.057

December .802 8.888

Total 1.348 98.026

2003 January (R) 1.206 (R) 9.325

February (R) 1.160 (R) 8.498

March (R) .203 (R) 8.427

April (R) -.367 (R) 7.706

May (R) -.678 (R) 7.698

June (R) -.492 (R) 7.664

July (R) -.052 (R) 8.306

August (R) .077 (R) 8.428

September (R) -.493 (R) 7.651

October (R) -.415 (R) 7.832

November (R) .154 (R) 7.890

December (R) .698 (R) 9.011

Total (R) 1.003 (R) 98.437

2004 January (R) 1.037 (R) 9.426

February (R) .907 (R) 8.752

March (R) -.028 (R) 8.419

April (R) -.217 (R) 7.778

May (R) -.303 (R) 7.978

June (R) -.416 (R) 7.936

July (R) -.187 (R) 8.376

August (R) -.234 (R) 8.330

September (R) -.185 (R) 7.838

October -.298 7.979

10-Month Total .076 (R) 82.812

2003 10-Month Total .151 81.536

2002 10-Month Total .463 81.081

(a) A balancing item. Includes stock changes, losses, gains,

miscellaneous blending components, and unaccounted-for supply.

(R)=Revised.

Notes: * For definitions, see Notes 1 through 4 at end of

section. * Totals may not equal sum of components due to

independent rounding. * Geographic coverage is the 50 States

and the District of Columbia.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Sources: * Production: Table 1.2. * Consumption: Table 1.3.

* Imports and Exports: Tables 3.1b, 4.3, 6.1, 7.1, A2-A6, and

Section 2, “Energy Consumption Notes and Sources,” Note 5.

Table 1.2 Energy Production by Source

(Quadrillion Btu)

Fossil Fuels

Natural Gas Crude

Coal (Dry) Oil (b)

1973 Total 13.992 22.187 19.493

1974 Total 14.074 21.210 18.575

1975 Total 14.989 19.640 17.729

1976 Total 15.654 19.480 17.262

1977 Total 15.755 19.565 17.454

1978 Total 14.910 19.485 18.434

1979 Total 17.540 20.076 18.104

1980 Total 18.598 19.908 18.249

1981 Total 18.377 19.699 18.146

1982 Total 18.639 18.319 18.309

1983 Total 17.247 16.593 18.392

1984 Total 19.719 18.008 18.848

1985 Total 19.325 16.980 18.992

1986 Total 19.509 16.541 18.376

1987 Total 20.141 17.136 17.675

1988 Total 20.738 17.599 17.279

1989 Total 21.346 17.847 16.117

1990 Total 22.456 18.326 15.571

1991 Total 21.594 18.229 15.701

1992 Total 21.629 18.375 15.223

1993 Total 20.249 18.584 14.494

1994 Total 22.111 19.348 14.103

1995 Total 22.029 19.082 13.887

1996 Total 22.684 19.344 13.723

1997 Total 23.211 19.394 13.658

1998 Total 23.935 19.613 13.235

1999 Total 23.186 19.341 12.451

2000 Total 22.623 19.662 12.358

2001 Total 23.529 20.205 12.282

2002 January 2.117 1.669 1.051

February 1.873 1.496 .954

March 1.871 1.669 1.058

April 1.864 1.617 1.019

May 1.897 1.677 1.065

June 1.770 1.613 1.029

July 1.791 1.684 1.037

August 1.912 1.652 1.045

September 1.916 1.554 .942

October 1.962 1.601 .964

November 1.833 1.607 .974

December 1.891 1.657 1.025

Total 22.698 19.495 12.163

2003 January 1.936 (E) 1.684 (E) 1.040

February 1.716 (E) 1.525 (E) .940

March 1.859 (E) 1.706 (E) 1.046

April 1.865 (E) 1.618 (E) 1.005

May 1.890 (E) 1.665 (E) 1.031

June 1.846 (E) 1.602 (E) .992

July 1.847 (E) 1.651 (E) .994

August 1.869 (E) 1.648 (E) 1.006

September 1.887 (E) 1.612 (E) .989

October 1.962 (E) 1.650 (E) 1.013

November 1.758 (E) 1.588 (E) .968

December 1.923 (E) 1.654 (E) 1.003

Total 22.358 (E) 19.602 (E) 12.026

2004 January 1.948 (E) 1.673 (E) 1.015

February 1.804 (E) 1.554 (E) .939

March 1.975 (E) 1.662 (E) 1.011

April 1.914 (E) 1.599 (E) .969

May 1.820 (E) 1.621 (E) 1.009

June 1.981 (RE) 1.592 (E) .940

July 1.923 (RE) 1.648 (E) .972

August 1.984 (RE) 1.632 (E) .949

September 1.948 (E) 1.537 (E) .886

October 1.945 (E) 1.579 (E) .919

10-Month Total 19.243 (E) 16.096 (E) 9.609

2003 10-Month Total 18.677 (E) 16.360 (E) 10.055

2002 10-Month Total 18.974 16.231 10.165

Fossil Fuels

Natural Gas

Plant Liquids Total

1973 Total 2.569 58.241

1974 Total 2.471 56.331

1975 Total 2.374 54.733

1976 Total 2.327 54.723

1977 Total 2.327 55.101

1978 Total 2.245 55.074

1979 Total 2.286 58.006

1980 Total 2.254 59.008

1981 Total 2.307 58.529

1982 Total 2.191 57.458

1983 Total 2.184 54.416

1984 Total 2.274 58.849

1985 Total 2.241 57.539

1986 Total 2.149 56.575

1987 Total 2.215 57.167

1988 Total 2.260 57.875

1989 Total 2.158 57.468

1990 Total 2.175 58.529

1991 Total 2.306 57.829

1992 Total 2.363 57.590

1993 Total 2.408 55.736

1994 Total 2.391 57.952

1995 Total 2.442 57.440

1996 Total 2.530 58.281

1997 Total 2.495 58.758

1998 Total 2.420 59.204

1999 Total 2.528 57.505

2000 Total 2.611 57.254

2001 Total 2.547 58.563

2002 January .211 5.048

February .198 4.521

March .220 4.818

April .215 4.716

May .224 4.863

June .209 4.622

July .213 4.725

August .224 4.833

September .212 4.624

October .217 4.745

November .212 4.625

December .203 4.777

Total 2.559 56.915

2003 January .204 4.864

February .190 4.371

March .200 4.812

April .191 4.678

May .181 4.767

June .177 4.617

July .191 4.682

August .197 4.721

September .198 4.685

October .211 4.836

November .206 4.519

December .200 4.779

Total 2.346 56.332

2004 January .209 4.845

February .195 4.493

March .212 4.861

April .200 4.682

May .208 4.658

June .195 (R) 4.708

July .210 (R) 4.752

August .216 (R) 4.781

September .202 4.573

October .211 4.654

10-Month Total 2.057 47.005

2003 10-Month Total 1.940 47.034

2002 10-Month Total 2.144 47.514

Hydro-

Nuclear electric

Electric Pumped

Power Storage (c)

1973 Total 0.910 (e)

1974 Total 1.272 (e)

1975 Total 1.900 (e)

1976 Total 2.111 (e)

1977 Total 2.702 (e)

1978 Total 3.024 (e)

1979 Total 2.776 (e)

1980 Total 2.739 (e)

1981 Total 3.008 (e)

1982 Total 3.131 (e)

1983 Total 3.203 (e)

1984 Total 3.553 (e)

1985 Total 4.076 (e)

1986 Total 4.380 (e)

1987 Total 4.754 (e)

1988 Total 5.587 (e)

1989 Total 5.602 (e)

1990 Total 6.104 -.036

1991 Total 6.422 -.047

1992 Total 6.479 -.043

1993 Total 6.410 -.042

1994 Total 6.694 -.035

1995 Total 7.075 -.028

1996 Total 7.087 -.032

1997 Total 6.597 -.041

1998 Total 7.068 -.046

1999 Total 7.610 -.062

2000 Total 7.862 -.057

2001 Total 8.033 -.090

2002 January .740 -.008

February .644 -.006

March .658 -.007

April .610 -.006

May .658 -.005

June .693 -.009

July .735 -.010

August .739 -.009

September .673 -.008

October .631 -.007

November .642 -.007

December .719 -.007

Total 8.143 -.088

2003 January .722 -.008

February .636 -.008

March .626 -.008

April .593 -.006

May .649 -.006

June .670 -.008

July .727 -.008

August .721 -.008

September .664 -.008

October .627 -.006

November .622 -.007

December .716 -.007

Total 7.973 (R) -.086

2004 January .739 (R) -.007

February .669 (R) -.007

March (R) .660 (R) -.006

April .612 (R) -.006

May .678 -.007

June .708 -.007

July .751 -.007

August .742 -.008

September .688 (R) -.007

October .653 -.007

10-Month Total 6.900 -.069

2003 10-Month Total 6.634 -.073

2002 10-Month Total 6.782 -.075

Renewable Energy (a)

Conventional Wood,

Hydroelectric Waste,

Power Alcohol (d) Geothermal

1973 Total 2.861 1.529 0.043

1974 Total 3.177 1.540 .053

1975 Total 3.155 1.499 .070

1976 Total 2.976 1.713 .078

1977 Total 2.333 1.838 .077

1978 Total 2.937 2.038 .064

1979 Total 2.931 2.152 .084

1980 Total 2.900 2.485 .110

1981 Total 2.758 2.590 .123

1982 Total 3.266 2.615 .105

1983 Total 3.527 2.831 .129

1984 Total 3.386 2.880 .165

1985 Total 2.970 2.864 .198

1986 Total 3.071 2.841 .219

1987 Total 2.635 2.823 .229

1988 Total 2.334 2.937 .217

1989 Total 2.837 3.062 .317

1990 Total 3.046 2.662 .336

1991 Total 3.016 2.702 .346

1992 Total 2.617 2.847 .349

1993 Total 2.892 2.803 .364

1994 Total 2.683 2.939 .338

1995 Total 3.205 3.068 .294

1996 Total 3.590 3.127 .316

1997 Total 3.640 3.006 .325

1998 Total 3.297 2.835 .328

1999 Total 3.268 2.885 .331

2000 Total 2.811 2.907 .317

2001 Total 2.201 2.640 .311

2002 January .221 .234 .029

February .204 .207 .026

March .213 .223 .028

April .245 .220 .025

May .270 .233 .028

June .285 .224 .026

July .258 .246 .029

August .213 .233 .028

September .173 .238 .027

October .174 .249 .028

November .200 .238 .027

December .219 .246 .028

Total 2.675 2.791 .328

2003 January (R) .208 (R) .240 (R) .030

February (R) .200 (R) .220 (R) .027

March (R) .245 (R) .237 (R) .029

April (R) .250 .234 (R) .028

May (R) .297 (R) .236 (R) .028

June (R) .289 (R) .233 (R) .029

July (R) .251 (R) .249 (R) .029

August (R) .232 (R) .247 (R) .029

September (R) .187 (R) .234 (R) .028

October (R) .186 (R) .241 (R) .028

November .199 (R) .241 (R) .027

December (R) .243 (R) .257 (R) .030

Total (R) 2.788 (R) 2.869 (R) .341

2004 January .235 (R) .254 .030

February (R) .213 .235 .028

March (R) .231 (R) .246 .028

April (R) .212 (R) .247 .027

May .242 (R) .246 .028

June .255 (R) .246 .028

July .235 (R) .257 .029

August (R) .220 .252 .029

September .208 (R) .242 .027

October .193 .251 .029

10-Month Total 2.245 2.476 .283

2003 10-Month Total 2.345 2.371 .284

2002 10-Month Total 2.256 2.307 .273

Renewable Energy (a)

Solar

and Wind Total Total

1973 Total NA 4.433 63.585

1974 Total NA 4.769 62.372

1975 Total NA 4.723 61.357

1976 Total NA 4.768 61.602

1977 Total NA 4.249 62.052

1978 Total NA 5.039 63.137

1979 Total NA 5.166 65.948

1980 Total NA 5.494 67.241

1981 Total NA 5.471 67.007

1982 Total NA 5.985 66.574

1983 Total (s) 6.488 64.106

1984 Total (s) 6.431 68.832

1985 Total (s) 6.033 67.647

1986 Total (s) 6.132 67.087

1987 Total (s) 5.687 67.608

1988 Total (s) 5.489 68.951

1989 Total .077 6.294 69.364

1990 Total .089 6.133 70.729

1991 Total .093 6.158 70.362

1992 Total .094 5.907 69.933

1993 Total .097 6.156 68.260

1994 Total .104 6.065 70.676

1995 Total .102 6.669 71.156

1996 Total .104 7.137 72.472

1997 Total .104 7.075 72.389

1998 Total .101 6.561 72.787

1999 Total .115 6.599 71.652

2000 Total .123 6.158 71.218

2001 Total .134 5.286 71.792

2002 January .013 .497 6.278

February .012 .449 5.607

March .014 .478 5.947

April .016 .506 5.826

May .016 .547 6.063

June .017 .552 5.858

July .015 .547 5.997

August .016 .490 6.052

September .013 .450 5.739

October .013 .464 5.833

November .012 .476 5.736

December .013 .506 5.995

Total .169 5.963 70.933

2003 January .011 (R) .490 (R) 6.068

February .012 (R) .459 (R) 5.458

March .016 (R) .526 (R) 5.955

April .016 (R) .529 5.794

May (R) .016 (R) .576 (R) 5.987

June (R) .016 (R) .567 (R) 5.847

July .015 (R) .544 (R) 5.946

August (R) .014 (R) .521 (R) 5.955

September .014 (R) .463 (R) 5.804

October .014 (R) .470 (R) 5.927

November .015 (R) .482 (R) 5.616

December .016 (R) .546 (R) 6.035

Total (R) .176 (R) 6.174 (R) 70.392

2004 January (R) .016 R.535 (R) 6.111

February (R) .016 R.492 5.647

March (R) .019 .524 (R) 6.039

April .018 .504 (R) 5.792

May (R) .023 .538 (R) 5.867

June .019 (R) .548 (R) 5.957

July .017 (R) .538 (R) 6.035

August .016 (R) .517 (R) 6.031

September .016 (R) .493 (R) 5.747

October .016 .489 5.789

10-Month Total .175 5.178 59.014

2003 10-Month Total .146 5.146 58.741

2002 10-Month Total .145 4.981 59.201

(a) End-use consumption and electricity net generation.

(b) Includes lease condensate.

(c) Pumped storage facility production minus energy used

for pumping.

(d) “Alcohol” is ethanol blended into motor gasoline.

(e) Included in “Conventional Hydroelectric Power.”

(R)=Revised. (E)=Estimate. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than

+0.5 trillion Btu and greater than -0.5 trillion Btu.

Notes: * See Note 1 at end of section. * Totals may not equal

sum of components due to independent rounding. * Geographic

coverage is the 50 States and the District of Columbia.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Sources: * Coal: Tables 6.1 and A5. * Natural Gas (Dry):

Tables 4.1 and A4. * Crude Oil and Natural Gas Plant Liquids:

Tables 3.1a and A2. * Nuclear Electric Power and Hydroelectric

Pumped Storage: Tables 7.2a and A6. * Renewable Energy:

Table 10.1.

Table 1.3 Energy Consumption by Source

(Quadrillion Btu)

Fossil Fuels

Natural

Coal Gas (b)

1973 Total 12.971 22.512

1974 Total 12.663 21.732

1975 Total 12.663 19.948

1976 Total 13.584 20.345

1977 Total 13.922 19.931

1978 Total 13.766 20.000

1979 Total 15.040 20.666

1980 Total 15.423 20.394

1981 Total 15.908 19.928

1982 Total 15.322 18.505

1983 Total 15.894 17.357

1984 Total 17.071 18.507

1985 Total 17.478 17.834

1986 Total 17.260 16.708

1987 Total 18.008 17.744

1988 Total 18.846 18.552

1989 Total 19.070 19.712

1990 Total 19.173 19.730

1991 Total 18.992 20.149

1992 Total 19.122 20.835

1993 Total 19.835 21.351

1994 Total 19.909 21.842

1995 Total 20.089 22.784

1996 Total 21.002 23.197

1997 Total 21.445 23.328

1998 Total 21.656 22.936

1999 Total 21.623 23.010

2000 Total 22.580 23.916

2001 Total 21.952 22.906

2002 January 1.855 2.558

February 1.640 2.306

March 1.719 2.323

April 1.622 1.934

May 1.724 1.657

June 1.868 1.635

July 2.061 1.798

August 2.041 1.773

September 1.882 1.586

October 1.824 1.689

November 1.794 1.964

December 1.951 2.440

Total 21.980 23.662

2003 January (R) 2.055 (R) 2.763

February (R) 1.806 (R) 2.560

March (R) 1.789 (R) 2.246

April 1.646 (R) 1.780

May (R) 1.741 (R) 1.551

June (R) 1.878 (R) 1.399

July (R) 2.083 (R) 1.638

August (R) 2.114 (R) 1.684

September (R) 1.899 (R) 1.456

October (R) 1.835 (R) 1.589

November (R) 1.846 (R) 1.787

December (R) 2.030 (R) 2.320

Total (R) 22.723 (R) 22.773

2004 January (R) 2.067 (R) 2.736

February (R) 1.870 (R) 2.559

March (R) 1.777 (R) 2.143

April (R) 1.650 (R) 1.782

May (R) 1.821 (R) 1.590

June (R) 1.931 (R) 1.500

July (R) 2.084 (R) 1.604

August 2.062 (R) 1.591

September (R) 1.919 (R) 1.500

October 1.852 1.573

10-Month Total 19.033 18.580

2003 10-Month Total 18.847 18.666

2002 10-Month Total 18.235 19.259

Fossil Fuels

Petroleum

(c,d) Total (e)

1973 Total 34.840 70.316

1974 Total 33.455 67.906

1975 Total 32.731 65.355

1976 Total 35.175 69.104

1977 Total 37.122 70.989

1978 Total 37.965 71.856

1979 Total 37.123 72.892

1980 Total 34.202 69.984

1981 Total 31.931 67.750

1982 Total 30.231 64.036

1983 Total 30.054 63.290

1984 Total 31.051 66.617

1985 Total 30.922 66.221

1986 Total 32.196 66.148

1987 Total 32.865 68.626

1988 Total 34.222 71.660

1989 Total 34.211 73.023

1990 Total 33.553 72.460

1991 Total 32.845 71.996

1992 Total 33.527 73.519

1993 Total (d) 33.841 75.055

1994 Total 34.670 76.480

1995 Total 34.553 77.488

1996 Total 35.757 79.979

1997 Total 36.266 81.086

1998 Total 36.934 81.592

1999 Total 37.960 82.650

2000 Total 38.404 84.965

2001 Total 38.333 83.221

2002 January 3.211 7.623

February 2.899 6.847

March 3.247 7.298

April 3.123 6.677

May 3.256 6.641

June 3.174 6.680

July 3.313 7.182

August 3.337 7.158

September 3.108 6.585

October 3.248 6.767

November 3.193 6.961

December 3.292 7.685

Total 38.401 84.104

2003 January 3.314 (R) 8.133

February 3.046 (R) 7.426

March 3.262 (R) 7.301

April 3.177 (R) 6.607

May 3.202 (R) 6.496

June 3.171 (R) 6.452

July 3.326 (R) 7.053

August 3.408 (R) 7.207

September 3.193 (R) 6.552

October 3.341 (R) 6.768

November 3.184 (R) 6.820

December 3.423 (R) 7.779

Total 39.047 (R) 84.594

2004 January 3.376 (R) 8.184

February 3.182 (R) 7.621

March 3.337 (R) 7.267

April 3.237 (R) 6.692

May 3.345 (R) 6.793

June 3.257 (R) 6.709

July 3.410 (R) 7.108

August 3.432 (R) 7.093

September 3.270 (R) 6.687

October 3.434 6.865

10-Month Total 33.281 71.019

2003 10-Month Total 32.440 69.995

2002 10-Month Total 31.917 69.458

Hydro-

Nuclear electric

Electric Pumped

Power Storage (f)

1973 Total 0.910 (i)

1974 Total 1.272 (i)

1975 Total 1.900 (i)

1976 Total 2.111 (i)

1977 Total 2.702 (i)

1978 Total 3.024 (i)

1979 Total 2.776 (i)

1980 Total 2.739 (i)

1981 Total 3.008 (i)

1982 Total 3.131 (i)

1983 Total 3.203 (i)

1984 Total 3.553 (i)

1985 Total 4.076 (i)

1986 Total 4.380 (i)

1987 Total 4.754 (i)

1988 Total 5.587 (i)

1989 Total 5.602 (i)

1990 Total 6.104 -.036

1991 Total 6.422 -.047

1992 Total 6.479 -.043

1993 Total 6.410 -.042

1994 Total 6.694 -.035

1995 Total 7.075 -.028

1996 Total 7.087 -.032

1997 Total 6.597 -.041

1998 Total 7.068 -.046

1999 Total 7.610 -.062

2000 Total 7.862 -.057

2001 Total 8.033 -.090

2002 January .740 -.008

February .644 -.006

March .658 -.007

April .610 -.006

May .658 -.005

June .693 -.009

July .735 -.010

August .739 -.009

September .673 -.008

October .631 -.007

November .642 -.007

December .719 -.007

Total 8.143 -.088

2003 January .722 -.008

February .636 -.008

March .626 -.008

April .593 -.006

May .649 -.006

June .670 -.008

July .727 -.008

August .721 -.008

September .664 -.008

October .627 -.006

November .622 -.007

December .716 -.007

Total 7.973 (R) -.086

2004 January .739 (R) -.007

February .669 (R) -.007

March (R) .660 (R) -.006

April .612 (R) -.006

May .678 -.007

June .708 -.007

July .751 -.007

August .742 -.008

September .688 (R) -.007

October .653 -.007

10-Month Total 6.900 -.069

2003 10-Month Total 6.634 -.073

2002 10-Month Total 6.782 -.075

Renewable Energy (a)

Conventional Wood,

Hydroelectric Waste,

Power Alcohol (d,g) Geothermal

1973 Total 2.861 1.529 0.043

1974 Total 3.177 1.540 .053

1975 Total 3.155 1.499 .070

1976 Total 2.976 1.713 .078

1977 Total 2.333 1.838 .077

1978 Total 2.937 2.038 .064

1979 Total 2.931 2.152 .084

1980 Total 2.900 2.485 .110

1981 Total 2.758 2.590 .123

1982 Total 3.266 2.615 .105

1983 Total 3.527 2.831 .129

1984 Total 3.386 2.880 .165

1985 Total 2.970 2.864 .198

1986 Total 3.071 2.841 .219

1987 Total 2.635 2.823 .229

1988 Total 2.334 2.937 .217

1989 Total 2.837 3.062 .317

1990 Total 3.046 2.662 .336

1991 Total 3.016 2.702 .346

1992 Total 2.617 2.847 .349

1993 Total 2.892 (d) 2.803 .364

1994 Total 2.683 2.939 .338

1995 Total 3.205 3.068 .294

1996 Total 3.590 3.127 .316

1997 Total 3.640 3.006 .325

1998 Total 3.297 2.835 .328

1999 Total 3.268 2.885 .331

2000 Total 2.811 2.907 .317

2001 Total 2.201 2.640 .311

2002 January .221 .234 .029

February .204 .207 .026

March .213 .223 .028

April .245 .220 .025

May .270 .233 .028

June .285 .224 .026

July .258 .246 .029

August .213 .233 .028

September .173 .238 .027

October .174 .249 .028

November .200 .238 .027

December .219 .246 .028

Total 2.675 2.791 .328

2003 January (R) .208 (R) .240 (R) .030

February (R) .200 (R) .220 (R) .027

March (R) .245 (R) .237 (R) .029

April (R) .250 .234 (R) .028

May (R) .297 (R) .236 (R) .028

June (R) .289 (R) .233 (R) .029

July (R) .251 (R) .249 (R) .029

August (R) .232 (R) .247 (R) .029

September (R) .187 (R) .234 (R) .028

October (R) .186 (R) .241 (R) .028

November .199 (R) .241 (R) .027

December (R) .243 (R) .257 (R) .030

Total (R) 2.788 (R) 2.869 (R) .341

2004 January .235 (R) .254 .030

February (R) .213 .235 .028

March (R) .231 (R) .246 .028

April (R) .212 (R) .247 .027

May .242 (R) .246 .028

June .255 (R) .246 .028

July .235 (R) .257 .029

August (R) .220 .252 .029

September .208 (R) .242 .027

October .193 .251 .029

10-Month Total 2.245 2.476 .283

2003 10-Month Total 2.345 2.371 .284

2002 10-Month Total 2.256 2.307 .273

Renewable Energy (a)

Solar

and Wind Total Total (d, h)

1973 Total NA 4.433 75.708

1974 Total NA 4.769 73.991

1975 Total NA 4.723 71.999

1976 Total NA 4.768 76.012

1977 Total NA 4.249 78.000

1978 Total NA 5.039 79.986

1979 Total NA 5.166 80.903

1980 Total NA 5.494 78.289

1981 Total NA 5.471 76.342

1982 Total NA 5.985 73.253

1983 Total (s) 6.488 73.101

1984 Total (s) 6.431 76.736

1985 Total (s) 6.033 76.469

1986 Total (s) 6.132 76.782

1987 Total (s) 5.687 79.225

1988 Total (s) 5.489 82.844

1989 Total .077 6.294 84.957

1990 Total .089 6.133 84.668

1991 Total .093 6.158 84.595

1992 Total .094 5.907 85.949

1993 Total .097 6.156 (d) 87.578

1994 Total .104 6.065 89.248

1995 Total .102 6.669 91.221

1996 Total .104 7.137 94.224

1997 Total .104 7.075 94.727

1998 Total .101 6.561 95.146

1999 Total .115 6.599 96.774

2000 Total .123 6.158 98.905

2001 Total .134 5.286 96.378

2002 January .013 .497 8.849

February .012 .449 7.928

March .014 .478 8.421

April .016 .506 7.782

May .016 .547 7.830

June .017 .552 7.910

July .015 .547 8.452

August .016 .490 8.374

September .013 .450 7.691

October .013 .464 7.843

November .012 .476 8.057

December .013 .506 8.888

Total .169 5.963 98.026

2003 January .011 (R) .490 (R) 9.325

February .012 (R) .459 (R) 8.498

March .016 (R) .526 (R) 8.427

April .016 (R) .529 (R) 7.706

May (R) .016 (R) .576 (R) 7.698

June (R) .016 (R) .567 (R) 7.664

July .015 (R) .544 (R) 8.306

August (R) .014 (R) .521 (R) 8.428

September .014 (R) .463 (R) 7.651

October .014 (R) .470 (R) 7.832

November .015 (R) .482 (R) 7.890

December .016 (R) .546 (R) 9.011

Total (R) .176 (R) 6.174 (R) 98.437

2004 January (R) .016 (R) .535 (R) 9.426

February (R) .016 (R) .492 (R) 8.752

March (R) .019 .524 (R) 8.419

April .018 .504 (R) 7.778

May (R) .023 .538 (R) 7.978

June .019 (R) .548 (R) 7.936

July .017 (R) .538 (R) 8.376

August .016 (R) .517 (R) 8.330

September .016 (R) .493 (R) 7.838

October .016 .489 7.979

10-Month Total .175 5.178 82.812

2003 10-Month Total .146 5.146 81.536

2002 10-Month Total .145 4.981 81.081

(a) End-use consumption and electricity net generation.

(b) Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous

fuels that cannot be identified separately.

(c) Petroleum products supplied, including natural gas plant

liquids and crude oil burned as fuel. Beginning in 1993, also

includes ethanol blended into motor gasoline.

(d) Beginning in 1993, ethanol blended into motor gasoline is

included in both “Petroleum” and “Wood, Waste, Alcohol,” but

is counted only once in total consumption.

(e) Includes coal coke net imports. See Table 1.4.

(f) Pumped storage facility production minus energy used for

pumping.

(g) “Alcohol” is ethanol blended into motor gasoline.

(h) Includes coal coke net imports and electricity net imports,

which are not separately displayed. See Table 1.4.

(i) Included in conventional hydroelectric power.

(R)=Revised. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than +0.5 trillion Btu

and greater than -0.5 trillion Btu.

Notes: * See Note 2 at end of section. * Totals may not equal

sum of components due to independent rounding. * Geographic

coverage is the 50 States and the District of Columbia.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Sources: * Coal: Tables 6.1 and A5. * Natural Gas: Tables 4.1

and A4. * Petroleum: Tables 3.1a and A3. * Nuclear Electric

Power and Hydroelectric Pumped Storage: Tables 7.2a and A6.

* Renewable Energy: Table 10.1. * Net Imports of Coal Coke

and Electricity: Table 1.4.

Table 1.4 Energy Net Imports by Source

(Quadrillion Btu)

Coal Natural

Coal Coke Gas

1973 Total -1.422 -0.007 0.981

1974 Total -1.568 .056 .907

1975 Total -1.738 .014 .904

1976 Total -1.567 (s) .922

1977 Total -1.401 .015 .981

1978 Total -1.004 .125 .941

1979 Total -1.702 .063 1.243

1980 Total -2.391 -.035 .957

1981 Total -2.918 -.016 .857

1982 Total -2.768 -.022 .898

1983 Total -2.013 -.016 .885

1984 Total -2.119 -.011 .792

1985 Total -2.389 -.013 .896

1986 Total -2.193 -.017 .686

1987 Total -2.049 .009 .937

1988 Total -2.446 .040 1.221

1989 Total -2.566 .030 1.278

1990 Total -2.705 .005 1.464

1991 Total -2.769 .010 1.666

1992 Total -2.587 .035 1.941

1993 Total -1.758 .027 2.255

1994 Total -1.657 .058 2.518

1995 Total -2.081 .061 2.745

1996 Total -2.165 .023 2.847

1997 Total -2.006 .046 2.904

1998 Total -1.874 .067 3.064

1999 Total -1.298 .058 3.500

2000 Total -1.215 .065 3.623

2001 Total -.771 .029 3.691

2002 January -.065 .000 .316

February -.038 .003 .282

March -.038 .008 .301

April -.063 -.001 .283

May -.056 .004 .287

June -.072 .002 .280

July -.035 .009 .307

August -.053 .007 .317

September -.037 .009 .296

October -.081 .006 .309

November -.042 .010 .283

December -.031 .003 .324

Total -.610 .061 3.583

2003 January -.067 .001 .313

February -.018 .013 .262

March -.012 .004 .282

April -.033 .004 .273

May -.048 .002 .284

June -.057 .004 .263

July -.044 .005 .303

August -.055 .001 .293

September -.039 .004 .278

October -.040 .004 .283

November -.038 .003 .258

December -.040 .006 .299

Total -.491 .051 3.391

2004 January -.046 .004 .322

February -.014 .009 .291

March -.058 .010 .272

April -.085 .024 .272

May -.072 .037 .276

June -.068 .020 (E) .287

July -.039 .009 (E) .313

August -.043 .007 (E) .306

September -.039 -.002 (R)(E) .281

October -.020 .006 (E) .274

10-Month Total -.485 .125 (E) 2.892

2003 10-Month Total -.413 .041 2.834

2002 10-Month Total -.538 .047 2.977

Crude Petroleum

Oil (a) Products (b)

1973 Total 6.883 6.097

1974 Total 7.389 5.273

1975 Total 8.708 3.800

1976 Total 11.221 3.982

1977 Total 13.921 4.321

1978 Total 13.125 3.932

1979 Total 13.328 3.603

1980 Total 10.586 2.912

1981 Total 8.854 2.522

1982 Total 6.917 2.128

1983 Total 6.731 2.351

1984 Total 6.918 2.970

1985 Total 6.381 2.570

1986 Total 8.676 2.855

1987 Total 9.748 2.784

1988 Total 10.698 3.308

1989 Total 12.296 3.029

1990 Total 12.536 2.757

1991 Total 12.308 1.912

1992 Total 13.065 1.895

1993 Total 14.542 1.854

1994 Total 15.131 2.126

1995 Total 15.469 1.422

1996 Total 16.108 2.119

1997 Total 17.648 1.993

1998 Total 18.684 2.252

1999 Total 18.686 2.493

2000 Total 19.676 2.701

2001 Total 20.305 3.056

2002 January 1.610 .252

February 1.463 .142

March 1.627 .256

April 1.665 .253

May 1.724 .254

June 1.669 .248

July 1.694 .270

August 1.765 .197

September 1.575 .200

October 1.764 .230

November 1.728 .254

December 1.618 .175

Total 19.901 2.732

2003 January 1.596 .203

February 1.416 .202

March 1.706 .290

April 1.776 .257

May 1.876 .274

June 1.790 .308

July 1.856 .283

August 1.854 .295

September 1.842 .256

October 1.860 .219

November 1.671 .228

December 1.792 .221

Total 21.034 3.035

2004 January 1.724 .273

February 1.602 .312

March 1.861 .327

April 1.793 .201

May 1.906 .267

June 1.874 .280

July 1.903 .332

August 1.931 .321

September 1.726 .308

October 1.907 .318

10-Month Total 18.226 2.937

2003 10-Month Total 17.571 2.586

2002 10-Month Total 16.556 2.303

Electricity Total

1973 Total 0.049 12.580

1974 Total .043 12.101

1975 Total .021 11.709

1976 Total .029 14.588

1977 Total .059 17.896

1978 Total .067 17.186

1979 Total .069 16.605

1980 Total .071 12.101

1981 Total .113 9.412

1982 Total .100 7.253

1983 Total .121 8.059

1984 Total .135 8.685

1985 Total .140 7.584

1986 Total .122 10.130

1987 Total .158 11.586

1988 Total .108 12.929

1989 Total .037 14.105

1990 Total .008 14.065

1991 Total .067 13.194

1992 Total .087 14.435

1993 Total .095 17.014

1994 Total .153 18.329

1995 Total .134 17.750

1996 Total .137 19.069

1997 Total .116 20.701

1998 Total .088 22.281

1999 Total .099 23.537

2000 Total .115 24.967

2001 Total .075 26.386

2002 January .009 2.122

February .007 1.858

March .006 2.161

April .006 2.142

May .003 2.216

June .007 2.134

July .012 2.258

August .010 2.244

September .006 2.048

October .005 2.233

November .004 2.237

December .003 2.091

Total .078 25.745

2003 January .005 2.051

February .004 1.880

March -.001 2.268

April .003 2.279

May .001 2.389

June .001 2.309

July .010 2.412

August .008 2.396

September -.002 2.340

October -.006 2.319

November -.003 2.120

December .001 2.278

Total .022 27.042

2004 January (s) 2.278

February .000 2.198

March -.003 2.408

April (s) 2.203

May .001 2.414

June .002 2.395

July .010 2.528

August .012 2.533

September .003 (R) 2.276

October .004 2.488

10-Month Total .028 23.722

2003 10-Month Total .024 22.644

2002 10-Month Total .071 21.417

(a) Crude oil and lease condensate. Includes imports into

the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, which began in 1977.

(b) Petroleum products, unfinished oils, pentanes plus, and

gasoline blending components.

(R)=Revised. (E)=Estimate. (s)=Less than +0.5 trillion Btu

and greater than -0.5 trillion Btu.

Notes: * See Notes 3 and 4 at end of section. * Net imports equal

imports minus exports. Minus sign indicates exports are greater

than imports. * Totals may not equal sum of components due to

independent rounding. * Geographic coverage is the 50 States and

the District of Columbia.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Sources: * Coal: Tables 6.1 and A5. * Coal Coke: Section 2,

“Energy Consumption Notes and Sources,” Note 5, and Table A5.

* Natural Gas: Tables 4.1 and A4. * Crude Oil and Petroleum

Products: Tables 3.1b, A2, and A3. * Electricity: Tables 7.1

and A6.

Table 1.5 Merchandise Trade Value

(Million Dollars)

Petroleum (a)

Exports Imports Balance

1974 Total 792 24,668 -23,876

1975 Total 907 25,197 -24,289

1976 Total 998 32,226 -31,228

1977 Total 1,276 42,368 -41,093

1978 Total 1,561 39,526 -37,965

1979 Total 1,914 56,715 -54,801

1980 Total 2,833 78,637 -75,803

1981 Total 3,696 76,659 -72,963

1982 Total 5,947 60,458 -54,511

1983 Total 4,557 53,217 -48,659

1984 Total 4,470 56,924 -52,454

1985 Total 4,707 50,475 -45,768

1986 Total 3,640 35,142 -31,503

1987 Total 3,922 42,285 -38,363

1988 Total 3,693 38,787 -35,094

1989 Total 5,021 49,704 -44,683

1990 Total 6,901 61,583 -54,682

1991 Total 6,954 51,350 -44,396

1992 Total 6,412 51,217 -44,805

1993 Total 6,215 51,046 -44,831

1994 Total 5,659 50,835 -45,176

1995 Total 6,321 54,368 -48,047

1996 Total 7,984 72,022 -64,038

1997 Total 8,592 71,152 -62,560

1998 Total 6,574 50,264 -43,690

1999 Total 7,118 67,173 -60,055

2000 Total 10,192 119,251 -109,059

2001 Total 8,868 102,747 -93,879

2002 January 639 6,348 -5,709

February 597 5,427 -4,830

March 593 6,914 -6,321

April 676 8,907 -8,231

May 664 9,365 -8,701

June 603 8,465 -7,862

July 664 9,086 -8,422

August 822 9,637 -8,815

September 726 9,119 -8,393

October 827 10,712 -9,885

November 779 9,328 -8,549

December 979 9,354 -8,375

Total 8,569 102,663 -94,094

2003 January 1,028 10,435 -9,407

February 983 10,258 -9,275

March 991 12,634 -11,643

April 868 11,095 -10,227

May 837 10,399 -9,562

June 834 10,790 -9,956

July 787 11,844 -11,057

August 748 11,595 -10,847

September 783 10,958 -10,175

October 782 11,134 -10,352

November 692 10,189 -9,497

December 876 11,102 -10,226

Total 10,209 132,433 -122,224

2004 January 719 11,875 -11,156

February 898 11,696 -10,798

March 1,101 13,991 -12,890

April 987 13,058 -12,071

May 1,133 14,143 -13,010

June 1,009 15,705 -14,696

July 1,051 14,625 -13,574

August 1,167 16,527 -15,360

September 1,130 15,400 -14,270

October 1,325 18,185 -16,860

November 1,138 18,130 -16,992

11-Month Total 11,658 163,335 -151,677

2003 11-Month Total 9,333 121,331 -111,998

2002 11-Month Total 7,590 93,308 -85,718

Energy (b)

Exports Imports Balance

1974 Total 3,444 25,454 -22,010

1975 Total 4,470 26,476 -22,006

1976 Total 4,226 33,996 -29,770

1977 Total 4,184 44,537 -40,354

1978 Total 3,881 42,096 -38,215

1979 Total 5,621 59,998 -54,377

1980 Total 7,982 82,924 -74,942

1981 Total 10,279 81,360 -71,081

1982 Total 12,729 65,409 -52,680

1983 Total 9,500 57,952 -48,452

1984 Total 9,311 60,980 -51,669

1985 Total 9,971 53,917 -43,946

1986 Total 8,115 37,310 -29,195

1987 Total 7,713 44,220 -36,506

1988 Total 8,235 41,042 -32,806

1989 Total 9,869 52,779 -42,910

1990 Total 12,233 64,661 -52,428

1991 Total 12,081 54,629 -42,548

1992 Total 11,254 55,256 -44,002

1993 Total 9,756 55,900 -46,144

1994 Total 8,911 56,391 -47,480

1995 Total 10,358 59,109 -48,751

1996 Total 12,181 78,086 -65,905

1997 Total 12,682 78,277 -65,595

1998 Total 10,251 57,323 -47,072

1999 Total 9,880 75,803 -65,923

2000 Total 13,179 135,367 -122,188

2001 Total 12,494 121,923 -109,429

2002 January 908 7,321 -6,413

February 744 6,200 -5,456

March 782 7,878 -7,096

April 910 9,917 -9,007

May 903 10,423 -9,520

June 883 9,522 -8,639

July 883 10,153 -9,270

August 1,121 10,667 -9,546

September 979 10,191 -9,212

October 1,104 11,961 -10,857

November 1,085 10,682 -9,597

December 1,239 10,831 -9,592

Total 11,541 115,748 -104,207

2003 January 1,302 12,129 -10,827

February 1,331 12,018 -10,687

March 1,467 15,086 -13,619

April 1,111 12,796 -11,685

May 1,072 12,030 -10,958

June 1,163 12,460 -11,297

July 1,060 13,732 -12,672

August 969 13,300 -12,331

September 1,049 12,506 -11,457

October 1,048 12,655 -11,607

November 930 11,630 -10,700

December 1,266 12,956 -11,690

Total 13,768 153,298 -139,530

2004 January 1,088 14,029 -12,941

February 1,261 13,899 -12,638

March 1,597 15,875 -14,278

April 1,524 15,129 -13,605

May 1,662 16,163 -14,501

June 1,521 18,073 -16,552

July 1,657 17,104 -15,447

August 1,538 18,789 -17,251

September 1,488 17,558 -16,070

October 1,777 20,454 -18,677

November 1,419 20,391 -18,972

11-Month Total 16,532 187,464 -170,932

2003 11-Month Total 12,502 140,342 -127,840

2002 11-Month Total 10,302 104,915 -94,613

Non-Energy

Balance

1974 Total 18,126

1975 Total 31,557

1976 Total 21,950

1977 Total 12,001

1978 Total 8,010

1979 Total 30,455

1980 Total 55,246

1981 Total 48,814

1982 Total 25,170

1983 Total -3,957

1984 Total -55,033

1985 Total -73,765

1986 Total -109,084

1987 Total -115,613

1988 Total -85,720

1989 Total -66,490

1990 Total -50,068

1991 Total -24,175

1992 Total -40,500

1993 Total -69,425

1994 Total -103,149

1995 Total -110,050

1996 Total -104,309

1997 Total -114,927

1998 Total -182,686

1999 Total -262,898

2000 Total -313,916

2001 Total -302,470

2002 January -26,031

February -24,955

March -23,591

April -29,738

May -28,245

June -27,856

July -36,170

August -33,241

September -32,939

October -33,419

November -33,297

December -34,577

Total -364,056

2003 January -31,810

February -26,550

March -28,699

April -33,022

May -31,127

June -31,090

July -37,889

August -31,365

September -36,626

October -39,162

November -30,875

December -34,606

Total -392,820

2004 January -31,708

February -28,809

March -34,533

April -37,551

May -33,760

June -42,395

July -43,763

August -42,801

September -40,551

October (R) -42,903

November -46,636

11-Month Total -425,410

2003 11-Month Total -358,215

2002 11-Month Total -329,482

Total Merchandise

Exports Imports Balance

1974 Total 99,437 103,321 -3,884

1975 Total 108,856 99,305 9,551

1976 Total 116,794 124,614 -7,820

1977 Total 123,182 151,534 -28,353

1978 Total 145,847 176,052 -30,205

1979 Total 186,363 210,285 -23,922

1980 Total 225,566 245,262 -19,696

1981 Total 238,715 260,982 -22,267

1982 Total 216,442 243,952 -27,510

1983 Total 205,639 258,048 -52,409

1984 Total 223,976 330,678 -106,703

1985 Total 218,815 336,526 -117,712

1986 Total 227,159 365,438 -138,279

1987 Total 254,122 406,241 -152,119

1988 Total 322,426 440,952 -118,526

1989 Total 363,812 473,211 -109,399

1990 Total 393,592 496,088 -102,496

1991 Total 421,730 488,453 -66,723

1992 Total 448,164 532,665 -84,501

1993 Total 465,091 580,659 -115,568

1994 Total 512,626 663,256 -150,629

1995 Total 584,742 743,543 -158,801

1996 Total 625,075 795,289 -170,214

1997 Total 689,182 869,704 -180,522

1998 Total 682,138 911,896 -229,758

1999 Total 695,797 1,024,618 -328,821

2000 Total 781,918 1,218,022 -436,104

2001 Total 729,100 1,140,999 -411,899

2002 January 52,667 85,111 -32,444

February 53,061 83,473 -30,411

March 60,728 91,415 -30,687

April 58,146 96,891 -38,745

May 59,884 97,649 -37,765

June 59,920 96,415 -36,495

July 55,032 100,472 -45,440

August 59,491 102,277 -42,787

September 57,277 99,429 -42,151

October 61,975 106,251 -44,276

November 59,671 102,564 -42,894

December 55,249 99,418 -44,169

Total 693,103 1,161,366 -468,263

2003 January 54,854 97,491 -42,637

February 55,917 93,154 -37,237

March 63,524 105,842 -42,318

April 59,162 103,869 -44,707

May 59,983 102,068 -42,085

June 61,570 103,958 -42,387

July 57,070 107,631 -50,561

August 58,611 102,307 -43,696

September 60,239 108,322 -48,083

October 66,389 117,158 -50,769

November 64,492 106,066 -41,575

December 62,959 109,255 -46,296

Total 724,771 1,257,121 -532,350

2004 January 59,151 103,800 -44,649

February 63,388 104,835 -41,447

March 74,475 123,287 -48,811

April 67,760 118,917 -51,156

May 69,704 117,965 -48,261

June 68,273 127,220 -58,947

July 63,906 123,117 -59,210

August 67,556 127,608 -60,052

September 69,685 126,306 -56,621

October (R) 73,679 (R) 135,259 (R) -61,580

November 68,317 133,925 -65,608

11-Month Total 745,894 1,342,238 -596,343

2003 11-Month Total 661,812 1,147,866 -486,054

2002 11-Month Total 637,854 1,061,948 -424,093

(a) Crude oil, petroleum preparations, liquefied propane and

butane, and other mineral fuels.

(b) Petroleum, coal, natural gas, and electricity.

(R)=Revised.

Notes: * Monthly data are not adjusted for seasonal variations.

* See Note 5 at end of section. * Totals may not equal sum of

components due to independent rounding. * The U.S. import

statistics reflect both government and nongovernment imports

of merchandise from foreign countries into the U.S. customs

territory, which comprises the 50 States, the District of

Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census,

Foreign Trade Division. For details, see “Sources for

Table 1.5″ at the end of this section.

Table 1.6 Cost of Fuels to End Users in Constant

(1982-1984) Dollars

Consumer

Price Index

(Urban) (a) Motor Gasoline (b)

Index Cents per Dollars per

1982-1984=100 Gallon Million Btu

1973 Average 44.4 NA NA

1974 Average 49.3 NA NA

1975 Average 53.8 NA NA

1976 Average 56.9 NA NA

1977 Average 60.6 NA NA

1978 Average 65.2 100.0 8.00

1979 Average 72.6 121.5 9.71

1980 Average 82.4 148.2 11.85

1981 Average 90.9 148.8 11.90

1982 Average 96.5 132.7 10.61

1983 Average 99.6 123.0 9.83

1984 Average 103.9 115.3 9.22

1985 Average 107.6 111.2 8.89

1986 Average 109.6 84.9 6.79

1987 Average 113.6 84.2 6.74

1988 Average 118.3 81.4 6.51

1989 Average 124.0 85.5 6.83

1990 Average 130.7 93.1 7.44

1991 Average 136.2 87.8 7.02

1992 Average 140.3 84.8 6.78

1993 Average 144.5 81.2 6.49

1994 Average 148.2 79.2 6.36

1995 Average 152.4 79.1 6.37

1996 Average 156.9 82.1 6.61

1997 Average 160.5 80.4 6.48

1998 Average 163.0 68.4 5.51

1999 Average 166.6 73.3 5.91

2000 Average 172.2 90.8 7.32

2001 Average 177.1 86.4 6.97

2002 January 177.1 68.3 5.51

February 177.8 68.1 5.49

March 178.8 74.0 5.97

April 179.8 83.0 6.70

May 179.8 83.9 6.76

June 179.9 82.8 6.67

July 180.1 83.1 6.70

August 180.7 83.5 6.73

September 181.0 83.3 6.71

October 181.3 84.7 6.83

November 181.3 84.6 6.82

December 180.9 81.6 6.58

Average 179.9 80.1 6.46

2003 January 181.7 85.7 6.91

February 183.1 92.1 7.43

March 184.2 97.2 7.84

April 183.8 92.7 7.48

May 183.5 86.5 6.98

June 183.7 84.8 6.84

July 183.9 85.2 6.87

August 184.6 90.5 7.30

September 185.2 95.6 7.71

October 185.0 89.0 7.18

November 184.5 85.5 6.90

December 184.3 83.5 6.73

Average 184.0 89.0 7.18

2004 January 185.2 88.3 7.12

February 186.2 92.1 7.43

March 187.4 96.5 7.79

April 188.0 99.7 8.04

May 189.1 108.4 8.74

June 189.7 109.8 8.86

July 189.4 104.6 8.44

August 189.5 102.4 8.26

September 189.9 101.8 8.21

October 190.9 108.5 8.75

November 191.0 107.5 8.67

Residential

Heating Oil (c)

Cents per Dollars per

Gallon Million Btu

1973 Average NA NA

1974 Average NA NA

1975 Average NA NA

1976 Average NA NA

1977 Average NA NA

1978 Average 75.2 5.42

1979 Average 97.0 6.99

1980 Average 118.2 8.52

1981 Average 131.4 9.47

1982 Average 120.2 8.67

1983 Average 108.2 7.80

1984 Average 105.0 7.57

1985 Average 97.9 7.06

1986 Average 76.3 5.50

1987 Average 70.7 5.10

1988 Average 68.7 4.96

1989 Average 72.6 5.23

1990 Average 81.3 5.86

1991 Average 74.8 5.39

1992 Average 66.6 4.80

1993 Average 63.0 4.55

1994 Average 59.6 4.30

1995 Average 56.9 4.10

1996 Average 63.0 4.54

1997 Average 61.3 4.42

1998 Average 52.3 3.77

1999 Average 52.6 3.79

2000 Average 76.1 5.49

2001 Average 70.6 5.09

2002 January 61.9 4.47

February 61.0 4.40

March 61.5 4.44

April 62.1 4.48

May 60.8 4.38

June 58.8 4.24

July 57.1 4.12

August 57.4 4.14

September 60.7 4.38

October 63.3 4.57

November 65.1 4.69

December 68.4 4.93

Average 62.8 4.52

2003 January 73.3 5.29

February 82.4 5.94

March 83.6 6.02

April 73.2 5.28

May 69.0 4.98

June 66.2 4.78

July 63.3 4.56

August 63.7 4.59

September 64.1 4.63

October 66.8 4.82

November 69.5 5.01

December 72.8 5.25

Average 73.6 5.31

2004 January 76.5 5.52

February 76.9 5.55

March 75.4 5.44

April 75.1 5.41

May 75.1 5.41

June 74.2 5.35

July 75.4 5.44

August 79.1 5.70

September (R) 84.1 (R) 6.07

October 94.3 6.80

November NA NA

Residential

Natural Gas (b)

Cents per

Thousand Dollars per

Cubic Feet Million Btu

1973 Average 290.5 2.85

1974 Average 290.1 2.83

1975 Average 317.8 3.12

1976 Average 348.0 3.41

1977 Average 387.8 3.81

1978 Average 392.6 3.86

1979 Average 410.5 4.03

1980 Average 446.6 4.36

1981 Average 471.9 4.60

1982 Average 535.8 5.22

1983 Average 608.4 5.90

1984 Average 589.0 5.72

1985 Average 568.8 5.52

1986 Average 531.9 5.17

1987 Average 487.7 4.73

1988 Average 462.4 4.49

1989 Average 454.8 4.41

1990 Average 443.8 4.31

1991 Average 427.3 4.14

1992 Average 419.8 4.07

1993 Average 426.3 4.15

1994 Average 432.5 4.20

1995 Average 397.6 3.87

1996 Average 404.1 3.93

1997 Average 432.4 4.21

1998 Average 418.4 4.05

1999 Average 401.6 3.91

2000 Average 450.6 4.39

2001 Average 543.8 5.27

2002 January 417.3 4.05

February 407.2 3.95

March 397.7 3.86

April 427.1 4.15

May 475.5 4.62

June 533.6 5.18

July 574.1 5.57

August 579.4 5.63

September 566.9 5.50

October 475.5 4.62

November 441.8 4.29

December 435.6 4.23

Average 439.7 4.27

2003 January 449.6 4.37

February 467.5 4.54

March (R) 528.2 (R) 5.13

April 552.2 5.37

May 585.3 5.69

June 655.4 6.37

July 690.6 6.71

August (R) 695.0 (R) 6.75

September (R) 665.8 (R) 6.47

October 577.8 5.62

November 529.5 5.15

December 515.5 5.01

Average 522.8 5.08

2004 January 523.2 5.08

February 529.0 5.14

March 532.0 5.17

April 559.6 5.44

May 613.4 5.96

June 687.9 6.69

July 709.1 6.89

August 727.2 7.07

September 699.3 6.80

October 610.3 5.93

November NA NA

Residential

Electricity (b)

Cents per Dollars per

Kilowatthour Million Btu

1973 Average 5.6 16.50

1974 Average 6.3 18.43

1975 Average 6.5 19.07

1976 Average 6.5 19.06

1977 Average 6.8 19.83

1978 Average 6.6 19.33

1979 Average 6.3 18.57

1980 Average 6.6 19.21

1981 Average 6.8 19.99

1982 Average 7.2 20.96

1983 Average 7.2 21.19

1984 Average 6.88 20.17

1985 Average 6.87 20.13

1986 Average 6.77 19.84

1987 Average 6.56 19.22

1988 Average 6.32 18.53

1989 Average 6.17 18.08

1990 Average 5.99 17.56

1991 Average 5.90 17.30

1992 Average 5.85 17.15

1993 Average 5.76 16.88

1994 Average 5.65 16.57

1995 Average 5.51 16.15

1996 Average 5.33 15.62

1997 Average 5.25 15.39

1998 Average 5.07 14.85

1999 Average 4.90 14.36

2000 Average 4.79 14.02

2001 Average 4.87 14.27

2002 January 4.57 13.39

February 4.61 13.50

March 4.57 13.39

April 4.66 13.66

May 4.81 14.08

June 4.85 14.21

July 4.89 14.34

August 4.85 14.21

September 4.78 14.02

October 4.69 13.76

November 4.60 13.48

December 4.48 13.12

Average 4.70 13.78

2003 January 4.39 12.87

February (R) 4.36 (R) 12.79

March 4.51 (R) 13.21

April (R) 4.79 (R) 14.05

May 4.90 (R) 14.36

June 5.01 (R) 14.68

July (R) 4.97 (R) 14.57

August (R) 4.97 (R) 14.57

September 4.81 14.08

October 4.81 (R) 14.08

November 4.74 13.88

December (R) 4.52 (R) 13.25

Average 4.73 (R) 13.86

2004 January 4.45 13.04

February 4.47 13.10

March 4.60 13.48

April 4.75 13.92

May 4.80 (R) 14.07

June 4.88 14.29

July 4.93 14.45

August 5.00 14.65

September 4.93 14.46

October 4.77 13.97

November NA NA

(a) Consumer Price Index, All Urban Consumers, All Items,

1982-1984 = 100.0

(b) Includes taxes.

(c) Excludes taxes.

(R)=Revised. NA=Not available.

Notes: * Fuel costs are calculated by using the Urban Consumer

Price Index (CPI) developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

* Annual averages may not equal average of months due to

independent rounding. * Geographic coverage is the 50 States

and the District of Columbia.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Sources: * Fuel Prices: Tables 9.4 (All Types), 9.8c, 9.11, and

9.9, adjusted by the CPI. * CPI: 1973-2001–Economic Report of

the President, February 2004, Table B-60. 2002 forward-Council

of Economic Advisers, Economic Indicators, January 2005,

“Consumer Prices–All Urban Consumers.” * Conversion Factors:

Tables A1, A3, A4, and A6.

Table 1.7 Overview of U.S. Petroleum Trade

Imports

from Imports

Persian from

Gulf (a) OPEC (b) Imports

Thousand Barrels per Day

1973 Average 848 2,993 6,256

1974 Average 1,039 3,280 6,112

1975 Average 1,165 3,601 6,056

1976 Average 1,840 5,066 7,313

1977 Average 2,448 6,193 8,807

1978 Average 2,219 5,751 8,363

1979 Average 2,069 5,637 8,456

1980 Average 1,519 4,300 6,909

1981 Average 1,219 3,323 5,996

1982 Average 696 2,146 5,113

1983 Average 442 1,862 5,051

1984 Average 506 2,049 5,437

1985 Average 311 1,830 5,067

1986 Average 912 2,837 6,224

1987 Average 1,077 3,060 6,678

1988 Average 1,541 3,520 7,402

1989 Average 1,861 4,140 8,061

1990 Average 1,966 4,296 8,018

1991 Average 1,845 4,092 7,627

1992 Average 1,778 4,092 7,888

1993 Average 1,782 4,273 8,620

1994 Average 1,728 4,247 8,996

1995 Average 1,573 4,002 8,835

1996 Average 1,604 4,211 9,478

1997 Average 1,755 4,569 10,162

1998 Average 2,136 4,905 10,708

1999 Average 2,464 4,953 10,852

2000 Average 2,488 5,203 11,459

2001 Average 2,761 5,528 11,871

2002 January 2,670 5,029 11,088

February 2,484 4,733 10,904

March 2,556 4,991 11,198

April 2,400 4,606 11,765

May 2,238 4,561 11,769

June 2,090 4,356 11,753

July 1,999 4,366 11,624

August 1,903 4,638 11,890

September 2,052 4,452 11,075

October 2,177 4,686 11,893

November 2,222 4,682 12,268

December 2,449 4,164 11,100

Average 2,269 4,605 11,530

2003 January 2,735 4,303 11,104

February 2,676 4,052 10,921

March 2,818 5,433 12,044

April 3,148 5,949 12,599

May 2,669 5,751 12,918

June 2,327 5,526 13,001

July 2,170 4,736 12,736

August 1,849 4,934 12,769

September 2,397 5,394 12,868

October 2,353 5,342 12,373

November 2,586 5,237 11,712

December 2,312 5,225 12,033

Average 2,501 5,162 12,264

2004 January 2,300 5,179 11,727

February 2,098 5,215 12,329

March 2,373 5,769 13,073

April 2,322 5,388 12,450

May 2,478 5,753 12,989

June 2,370 5,865 13,301

July 2,538 5,786 13,389

August 2,943 6,225 13,489

September 2,764 5,580 12,532

October 2,562 5,567 13,323

November 2,648 5,657 13,219

11-Month Average 2,493 5,638 12,896

2003 11-Month Average 2,518 5,156 12,286

2002 11-Month Average 2,252 4,646 11,570

Net Products

Exports Imports Supplied

Thousand Barrels per Day

1973 Average 231 6,025 17,308

1974 Average 221 5,892 16,653

1975 Average 209 5,846 16,322

1976 Average 223 7,090 17,461

1977 Average 243 8,565 18,431

1978 Average 362 8,002 18,847

1979 Average 471 7,985 18,513

1980 Average 544 6,365 17,056

1981 Average 595 5,401 16,058

1982 Average 815 4,298 15,296

1983 Average 739 4,312 15,231

1984 Average 722 4,715 15,726

1985 Average 781 4,286 15,726

1986 Average 785 5,439 16,281

1987 Average 764 5,914 16,665

1988 Average 815 6,587 17,283

1989 Average 859 7,202 17,325

1990 Average 857 7,161 16,988

1991 Average 1,001 6,626 16,714

1992 Average 950 6,938 17,033

1993 Average 1,003 7,618 17,237

1994 Average 942 8,054 17,718

1995 Average 949 7,886 17,725

1996 Average 981 8,498 18,309

1997 Average 1,003 9,158 18,620

1998 Average 945 9,764 18,917

1999 Average 940 9,912 19,519

2000 Average 1,040 10,419 19,701

2001 Average 971 10,900 19,649

2002 January 861 10,228 19,454

February 1,175 9,729 19,444

March 853 10,345 19,676

April 890 10,876 19,552

May 910 10,859 19,728

June 880 10,873 19,875

July 839 10,785 20,076

August 1,138 10,752 20,221

September 1,015 10,059 19,461

October 962 10,931 19,678

November 1,026 11,242 19,991

December 1,272 9,828 19,943

Average 984 10,546 19,761

2003 January 1,212 9,892 20,017

February 1,067 9,854 20,375

March 1,051 10,993 19,708

April 1,053 11,546 19,830

May 1,097 11,822 19,344

June 1,065 11,936 19,793

July 976 11,760 20,094

August 947 11,822 20,586

September 960 11,908 19,933

October 970 11,402 20,182

November 933 10,780 19,873

December 990 11,043 20,679

Average 1,027 11,238 20,034

2004 January 748 10,979 20,393

February 1,046 11,283 20,549

March 1,024 12,048 20,161

April 1,153 11,297 20,207

May 1,052 11,937 20,209

June 1,070 12,231 20,333

July 1,080 12,310 20,601

August 1,091 12,399 20,732

September 961 11,571 20,411

October 1,078 12,245 20,743

November 992 12,227 20,782

11-Month Average 1,026 11,870 20,465

2003 11-Month Average 1,030 11,256 19,974

2002 11-Month Average 957 10,613 19,744

As Share of

Products Supplied

Imports

from Imports

Persian from Net

Gulf (a) OPEC (b) Imports Imports

Percent

1973 Average 4.9 17.3 36.1 34.8

1974 Average 6.2 19.7 36.7 35.4

1975 Average 7.1 22.1 37.1 35.8

1976 Average 10.5 29.0 41.9 40.6

1977 Average 13.3 33.6 47.8 46.5

1978 Average 11.8 30.5 44.4 42.5

1979 Average 11.2 30.5 45.7 43.1

1980 Average 8.9 25.2 40.5 37.3

1981 Average 7.6 20.7 37.3 33.6

1982 Average 4.5 14.0 33.4 28.1

1983 Average 2.9 12.2 33.2 28.3

1984 Average 3.2 13.0 34.6 30.0

1985 Average 2.0 11.6 32.2 27.3

1986 Average 5.6 17.4 38.2 33.4

1987 Average 6.5 18.4 40.1 35.5

1988 Average 8.9 20.4 42.8 38.1

1989 Average 10.7 23.9 46.5 41.6

1990 Average 11.6 25.3 47.2 42.2

1991 Average 11.0 24.5 45.6 39.6

1992 Average 10.4 24.0 46.3 40.7

1993 Average 10.3 24.8 50.0 44.2

1994 Average 9.8 24.0 50.8 45.5

1995 Average 8.9 22.6 49.8 44.5

1996 Average 8.8 23.0 51.8 46.4

1997 Average 9.4 24.5 54.6 49.2

1998 Average 11.3 25.9 56.6 51.6

1999 Average 12.6 25.4 55.6 50.8

2000 Average 12.6 26.4 58.2 52.9

2001 Average 14.1 28.1 60.4 55.5

2002 January 13.7 25.9 57.0 52.6

February 12.8 24.3 56.1 50.0

March 13.0 25.4 56.9 52.6

April 12.3 23.6 60.2 55.6

May 11.3 23.1 59.7 55.0

June 10.5 21.9 59.1 54.7

July 10.0 21.7 57.9 53.7

August 9.4 22.9 58.8 53.2

September 10.5 22.9 56.9 51.7

October 11.1 23.8 60.4 55.5

November 11.1 23.4 61.4 56.2

December 12.3 20.9 55.7 49.3

Average 11.5 23.3 58.3 53.4

2003 January 13.7 21.5 55.5 49.4

February 13.1 19.9 53.6 48.4

March 14.3 27.6 61.1 55.8

April 15.9 30.0 63.5 58.2

May 13.8 29.7 66.8 61.1

June 11.8 27.9 65.7 60.3

July 10.8 23.6 63.4 58.5

August 9.0 24.0 62.0 57.4

September 12.0 27.1 64.6 59.7

October 11.7 26.5 61.3 56.5

November 13.0 26.4 58.9 54.2

December 11.2 25.3 58.2 53.4

Average 12.5 25.8 61.2 56.1

2004 January 11.3 25.4 57.5 53.8

February 10.2 25.4 60.0 54.9

March 11.8 28.6 64.8 59.8

April 11.5 26.7 61.6 55.9

May 12.3 28.5 64.3 59.1

June 11.7 28.8 65.4 60.2

July 12.3 28.1 65.0 59.8

August 14.2 30.0 65.1 59.8

September 13.5 27.3 61.4 56.7

October 12.4 26.8 64.2 59.0

November 12.7 27.2 63.6 58.8

11-Month Average 12.2 27.5 63.0 58.0

2003 11-Month Average 12.6 25.8 61.5 56.4

2002 11-Month Average 11.4 23.5 58.6 53.8

As Share of

Total Imports

Imports

from Imports

Persian from

Gulf (a) OPEC (b)

1973 Average 13.6 7.8

1974 Average 17.0 53.7

1975 Average 19.2 59.5

1976 Average 25.2 69.3

1977 Average 27.8 70.3

1978 Average 26.5 68.8

1979 Average 24.5 66.7

1980 Average 22.0 62.2

1981 Average 20.3 55.4

1982 Average 13.6 42.0

1983 Average 8.8 36.9

1984 Average 9.3 37.7

1985 Average 6.1 36.1

1986 Average 14.7 45.6

1987 Average 16.1 45.8

1988 Average 20.8 47.6

1989 Average 23.1 51.4

1990 Average 24.5 53.6

1991 Average 24.2 53.7

1992 Average 22.5 51.9

1993 Average 20.7 49.6

1994 Average 19.2 47.2

1995 Average 17.8 45.3

1996 Average 16.9 44.4

1997 Average 19.3 45.0

1998 Average 19.9 45.8

1999 Average 22.7 45.6

2000 Average 21.7 45.4

2001 Average 23.3 46.6

2002 January 24.1 45.4

February 22.8 43.4

March 22.8 44.6

April 20.4 39.1

May 19.0 38.8

June 17.8 37.1

July 17.2 37.6

August 16.0 39.0

September 18.5 40.2

October 18.3 39.4

November 18.1 38.2

December 22.1 37.5

Average 19.7 39.9

2003 January 24.6 38.8

February 24.5 37.1

March 23.4 45.1

April 25.0 47.2

May 20.7 44.5

June 17.9 42.5

July 17.0 37.2

August 14.5 38.6

September 18.6 41.9

October 19.0 43.2

November 22.1 44.7

December 19.2 43.4

Average 20.4 42.1

2004 January 19.6 44.2

February 17.0 42.3

March 18.2 44.1

April 18.7 43.3

May 19.1 44.3

June 17.8 44.1

July 19.0 43.2

August 21.8 46.1

September 22.1 44.5

October 19.2 41.8

November 20.0 42.8

11-Month Average 19.3 43.7

2003 11-Month Average 20.5 42.0

2002 11-Month Average 19.5 40.2

(a) Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia,

and the United Arab Emirates.

(b) Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. See Glossary.

Notes: * Readers of Table 1.7 may be interested in a feature article,

“Measuring Dependence on Imported Oil,” that was published in the

August 1995 Monthly Energy Review. * Petroleum is crude oil, lease

condensate, unfinished oils, petroleum products, natural gas plant

liquids, and nonhydrocarbon compounds blended into finished petroleum

products. * Beginning in October 1977, petroleum imported for the

Strategic Petroleum Reserves is included. * Annual averages may not

equal average of months due to independent rounding. * U.S. geographic

coverage is the 50 States and the District of Columbia. U.S. exports

include shipments to U.S. territories, and imports include receipts

from U.S. territories.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Sources: * Column 1: Table 3.3b. * Column 2: Table 3.3d. * Columns

3-5: Table 3.1b. * Column 6: Table 3.1a. * Columns 7-12: Calculated

by Energy Information Administration.

Table 1.8 Energy Consumption per Dollar of Gross Domestic Product

Energy Consumption

Petroleum Gross

and Other Domestic

Natural Energy Product

Gas (a) (a), (b) Total (a) (GDP)

Billion Chained

Quadrillion Btu (2000) Dollars

1973 Year 57.352 18.356 75.708 4,341.5

1974 Year 55.187 18.804 73.991 4,319.6

1975 Year 52.678 19.321 71.999 4,311.2

1976 Year 55.520 20.492 76.012 4,540.9

1977 Year 57.053 20.947 78.000 4,750.5

1978 Year 57.966 22.021 79.986 5,015.0

1979 Year 57.789 23.114 80.903 5,173.4

1980 Year 54.596 23.693 78.289 5,161.7

1981 Year 51.859 24.483 76.342 5,291.7

1982 Year 48.736 24.516 73.253 5,189.3

1983 Year 47.411 25.690 73.101 5,423.8

1984 Year 49.558 27.178 76.736 5,813.6

1985 Year 48.756 27.713 76.469 6,053.7

1986 Year 48.904 27.878 76.782 6,263.6

1987 Year 50.609 28.616 79.225 6,475.1

1988 Year 52.774 30.070 82.844 6,742.7

1989 Year 53.923 31.034 84.957 6,981.4

1990 Year 53.282 31.386 84.668 7,112.5

1991 Year 52.994 31.601 84.595 7,100.5

1992 Year 54.362 31.587 85.949 7,336.6

1993 Year (a) 55.193 (a) 32.482 (a) 87.578 7,532.7

1994 Year 56.512 32.845 89.248 7,835.5

1995 Year 57.338 34.000 91.221 8,031.7

1996 Year 58.954 35.353 94.224 8,328.9

1997 Year 59.594 35.239 94.727 8,703.5

1998 Year 59.869 35.394 95.146 9,066.9

1999 Year 60.970 35.926 96.774 9,470.3

2000 Year 62.320 36.724 98.905 9,817.0

2001 Year 61.239 35.286 96.378 9,890.7

2002 Year 62.064 36.136 98.026 10,074.8

2003 Year (R) 61.820 (R) 36.856 (R) 98.437 10,381.3

Energy Consumption per Dollar of GDP

Petroleum

and Other

Natural Energy

Gas (a) (a), (b) Total (a)

Thousand Btu per Chained (2000) Dollar

1973 Year 13.21 4.23 17.44

1974 Year 12.78 4.35 17.13

1975 Year 12.22 4.48 16.70

1976 Year 12.23 4.51 16.74

1977 Year 12.01 4.41 16.42

1978 Year 11.56 4.39 15.95

1979 Year 11.17 4.47 15.64

1980 Year 10.58 4.59 15.17

1981 Year 9.80 4.63 14.43

1982 Year 9.39 4.72 14.12

1983 Year 8.74 4.74 13.48

1984 Year 8.52 4.67 13.20

1985 Year 8.05 4.58 12.63

1986 Year 7.81 4.45 12.26

1987 Year 7.82 4.42 12.24

1988 Year 7.83 4.46 12.29

1989 Year 7.72 4.45 12.17

1990 Year 7.49 4.41 11.90

1991 Year 7.46 4.45 11.91

1992 Year 7.41 4.31 11.72

1993 Year (a) 7.33 (a) 4.31 (a) 11.63

1994 Year 7.21 4.19 11.39

1995 Year 7.14 4.23 11.36

1996 Year 7.08 4.24 11.31

1997 Year 6.85 4.05 10.88

1998 Year 6.60 3.90 10.49

1999 Year 6.44 3.79 10.22

2000 Year 6.35 3.74 10.07

2001 Year 6.19 3.57 9.74

2002 Year 6.16 3.59 9.73

2003 Year (R) 5.95 3.55 (R) 9.48

(a) Beginning in 1993, ethanol blended into motor gasoline is included

in both “Petroleum and Natural Gas” and “Other Energy,” but is counted

only once in total consumption.

(b) “Other Energy” is coal, nuclear electric power, renewable energy,

pumped-storage hydroelectric power, and net imports of coal coke and

electricity.

(R)=Revised.

Notes: * Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent

rounding. * Geographic coverage is the 50 States and the District

of Columbia.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Sources: * Energy Consumption: Table 1.3. * Gross Domestic

Product: 1973-2001–U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of

Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, December

2003, Table 7B. 2002 and 2003–U.S. Department of Commerce,

Bureau of Economic Analysis, BEA News Release, December 22,

2004, Table 3, which is available at website

Table 1.9 Motor Vehicle Mileage, Fuel Consumption, and Fuel Rates

Passenger Cars (a)

Mileage Fuel Fuel

(miles Consumption Rate

per (gallons (miles per

vehicle) per vehicle) gallon)

1973 9,884 737 13.4

1974 9,221 677 13.6

1975 9,309 665 14.0

1976 9,418 681 13.8

1977 9,517 676 14.1

1978 9,500 665 14.3

1979 9,062 620 14.6

1980 8,813 551 16.0

1981 8,873 538 16.5

1982 9,050 535 16.9

1983 9,118 534 17.1

1984 9,248 530 17.4

1985 9,419 538 17.5

1986 9,464 543 17.4

1987 9,720 539 18.0

1988 9,972 531 18.8

1989 (a) 10,157 (a) 533 (a) 19.0

1990 10,504 520 20.2

1991 10,571 501 21.1

1992 10,857 517 21.0

1993 10,804 527 20.5

1994 10,992 531 20.7

1995 11,203 530 21.1

1996 11,330 534 21.2

1997 11,581 539 21.5

1998 11,754 544 21.6

1999 11,848 553 21.4

2000 11,976 547 21.9

2001 11,831 534 22.1

2002 12,202 555 22.0

2003 (P) 12,242 550 22.3

Vans, Pickup Trucks,

and Sport Utility Vehicles (b)

Mileage Fuel Fuel

(miles Consumption Rate

per (gallons (miles per

vehicle) per vehicle) gallon)

1973 9,779 931 10.5

1974 9,452 862 11.0

1975 9,829 934 10.5

1976 10,127 934 10.8

1977 10,607 947 11.2

1978 10,968 948 11.6

1979 10,802 905 11.9

1980 10,437 854 12.2

1981 10,244 819 12.5

1982 10,276 762 13.5

1983 10,497 767 13.7

1984 11,151 797 14.0

1985 10,506 735 14.3

1986 10,764 738 14.6

1987 11,114 744 14.9

1988 11,465 745 15.4

1989 11,676 724 16.1

1990 11,902 738 16.1

1991 12,245 721 17.0

1992 12,381 717 17.3

1993 12,430 714 17.4

1994 12,156 701 17.3

1995 12,018 694 17.3

1996 11,811 685 17.2

1997 12,115 703 17.2

1998 12,173 707 17.2

1999 11,957 701 17.0

2000 11,672 669 17.4

2001 11,204 636 17.6

2002 11,364 650 17.5

2003 (P) 11,467 647 17.7

Trucks (c)

Mileage Fuel Fuel

(miles Consumption Rate

per (gallons (miles per

vehicle) per vehicle) gallon)

1973 15,370 2,775 5.5

1974 14,995 2,708 5.5

1975 15,167 2,722 5.6

1976 15,438 2,764 5.6

1977 16,700 3,002 5.6

1978 18,045 3,263 5.5

1979 18,502 3,380 5.5

1980 18,736 3,447 5.4

1981 19,016 3,565 5.3

1982 19,931 3,647 5.5

1983 21,083 3,769 5.6

1984 22,550 3,967 5.7

1985 20,597 3,570 5.8

1986 22,143 3,821 5.8

1987 23,349 3,937 5.9

1988 22,485 3,736 6.0

1989 22,926 3,776 6.1

1990 23,603 3,953 6.0

1991 24,229 4,047 6.0

1992 25,373 4,210 6.0

1993 26,262 4,309 6.1

1994 25,838 4,202 6.1

1995 26,514 4,315 6.1

1996 26,092 4,221 6.2

1997 27,032 4,218 6.4

1998 25,397 4,135 6.1

1999 26,014 4,352 6.0

2000 25,617 4,391 5.8

2001 26,602 4,477 5.9

2002 27,071 4,642 5.8

2003 (P) 27,286 4,750 5.7

All Motor Vehicles (d)

Mileage Fuel Fuel

(miles Consumption Rate

per (gallons (miles per

vehicle) per vehicle) gallon)

1973 10,099 850 11.9

1974 9,493 788 12.0

1975 9,627 790 12.2

1976 9,774 806 12.1

1977 9,978 814 12.3

1978 10,077 816 12.4

1979 9,722 776 12.5

1980 9,458 712 13.3

1981 9,477 697 13.6

1982 9,644 686 14.1

1983 9,760 686 14.2

1984 10,017 691 14.5

1985 10,020 685 14.6

1986 10,143 692 14.7

1987 10,453 694 15.1

1988 10,721 688 15.6

1989 10,932 688 15.9

1990 11,107 677 16.4

1991 11,294 669 16.9

1992 11,558 683 16.9

1993 11,595 693 16.7

1994 11,683 698 16.7

1995 11,793 700 16.8

1996 11,813 700 16.9

1997 12,107 711 17.0

1998 12,211 721 16.9

1999 12,206 732 16.7

2000 12,164 720 16.9

2001 11,887 695 17.1

2002 12,171 719 16.9

2003 (P) 12,210 716 17.0

(a) Through 1989, includes motorcycles.

(b) Includes a small number of trucks with

2 axles and 4 tires, such as step vans.

(c) Single-unit trucks with 2 axles and 6

or more tires, and combination trucks.

(d) Includes buses and motorcycles,

which are not shown separately.

(R)=Revised. (P)=Preliminary.

Notes: Geographic coverage is the 50

States and the District of Columbia.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Sources: * Passenger Cars, 1990-1994: U.S. Department

of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics,

National Transportation Statistics 1998, Table 4-13.

* All Other Data: * 1973-1994–Federal Highway Administration

(FHWA), Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, Table VM-201A.

* 1995 forward–FHWA, Highway Statistics, annual reports,

Table VM-1.

Table 1.10 Heating Degree-Days by Census Division

December 1 through December 31

Percent Change

Normal Normal 2003

Census Divisions (a) 2003 2004 to 2004 to 2004

New England

Connecticut, Maine,

Massachusetts,

New Hampshire,

Rhode Island, Vermont 1,078 1,031 1,061 -2 3

Middle Atlantic

New Jersey, New York,

Pennsylvania 998 963 985 -1 2

East North Central

Illinois, Indiana,

Michigan, Ohio,

Wisconsin 1,135 1,017 1,106 -3 9

West North Central

Iowa, Kansas,

Minnesota, Missouri,

Nebraska, North Dakota,

South Dakota 1,248 1,071 1,107 -11 3

South Atlantic

Delaware, Florida,

Georgia, Maryland and

the District of Columbia,

North Carolina,

South Carolina, Virginia,

West Virginia 555 605 562 1 -7

East South Central

Alabama, Kentucky,

Mississippi, Tennessee 715 746 731 2 -2

West South Central

Arkansas, Louisiana,

Oklahoma, Texas 520 472 498 -4 6

Mountain

Arizona, Colorado,

Idaho, Montana,

Nevada, New Mexico,

Utah, Wyoming 928 847 841 -9 -1

Pacific (b)

California, Oregon,

Washington 563 531 524 -7 -1

U.S. Average (b) 817 774 788 -4 2

Cumulative

July 1 through December 31

Percent Change

Normal Normal 2003

Census Divisions (a) 2003 2004 to 2004 to 2004

New England

Connecticut, Maine,

Massachusetts,

New Hampshire,

Rhode Island, Vermont 2,462 2,279 2,355 -4 3

Middle Atlantic

New Jersey, New York,

Pennsylvania 2,191 1,981 2,009 -8 1

East North Central

Illinois, Indiana,

Michigan, Ohio,

Wisconsin 2,472 2,213 2,239 -9 1

West North Central

Iowa, Kansas,

Minnesota, Missouri,

Nebraska, North Dakota,

South Dakota 2,695 2,404 2,305 -14 -4

South Atlantic

Delaware, Florida,

Georgia, Maryland and

the District of Columbia,

North Carolina,

South Carolina, Virginia,

West Virginia 1,083 1,029 977 -10 -5

East South Central

Alabama, Kentucky,

Mississippi, Tennessee 1,410 1,320 1,195 -15 -9

West South Central

Arkansas, Louisiana,

Oklahoma, Texas 905 768 773 -15 1

Mountain

Arizona, Colorado,

Idaho, Montana,

Nevada, New Mexico,

Utah, Wyoming 2,147 1,907 2,002 -7 5

Pacific (b)

California, Oregon,

Washington 1,253 1,081 1,183 -6 9

U.S. Average (b) 1,739 1,566 1,576 -9 1

(a) “Normal” is based on calculations of data from 1971 through 2000.

(b) Excludes Alaska and Hawaii.

Notes: Degree-days are relative measurements of outdoor air

temperature used as an index for heating and cooling energy

requirements. Heating degree-days are the number of degrees

that the daily average temperature falls below 65[degrees]F.

Cooling degree-days are the number of degrees that the daily

average temperature rises above 65[degrees]F. The daily average

temperature is the mean of the maximum and minimum temperatures

in a 24-hour period. For example, a weather station recording an

average daily temperature of 40[degrees]F would report 25 heating

degree-days for that day (and 0 cooling degree-days). If a weather

station recorded an average daily temperature of 78[degrees]F,

cooling degree-days for that station would be 13 (and 0 heating

degree days).

Web Pages: * See http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html for

current data. * See http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/aer/overview.html for

historical data.

Sources: See end of section.

Table 1.11 Cooling Degree-Days by Census Division

December 1 through December 31

Percent Change

Normal Normal 2003

Census Divisions (a) 2003 2004 to 2004 to 2004

New England

Connecticut, Maine,

Massachusetts,

New Hampshire,

Rhode Island, Vermont 0 0 0 (c) (c)

Middle Atlantic

New Jersey, New York,

Pennsylvania 0 0 0 (c) (c)

East North Central

Illinois, Indiana,

Michigan, Ohio,

Wisconsin 0 0 0 (c) (c)

West North Central

Iowa, Kansas,

Minnesota, Missouri,

Nebraska, North Dakota,

South Dakota 0 0 0 (c) (c)

South Atlantic

Delaware, Florida,

Georgia, Maryland and

the District of Columbia,

North Carolina,

South Carolina, Virginia,

West Virginia 33 17 23 (c) (c)

East South Central

Alabama, Kentucky,

Mississippi, Tennessee 3 0 3 (c) (c)

West South Central

Arkansas, Louisiana,

Oklahoma, Texas 10 4 11 (c) (c)

Mountain

Arizona, Colorado,

Idaho, Montana,

Nevada, New Mexico,

Utah, Wyoming 0 0 0 (c) (c)

Pacific (b)

California, Oregon,

Washington 1 0 0 (c) (c)

U.S. Average (b) 8 4 6 (c) (c)

Cumulative

January 1 through December 31

Percent Change

Normal Normal 2003

Census Divisions (a) 2003 2004 to 2004 to 2004

New England

Connecticut, Maine,

Massachusetts,

New Hampshire,

Rhode Island, Vermont 417 502 401 -4 -20

Middle Atlantic

New Jersey, New York,

Pennsylvania 656 662 629 -4 -5

East North Central

Illinois, Indiana,

Michigan, Ohio,

Wisconsin 708 632 589 -17 -7

West North Central

Iowa, Kansas,

Minnesota, Missouri,

Nebraska, North Dakota,

South Dakota 928 950 769 -17 -19

South Atlantic

Delaware, Florida,

Georgia, Maryland and

the District of Columbia,

North Carolina,

South Carolina, Virginia,

West Virginia 1,965 1,994 2,093 7 5

East South Central

Alabama, Kentucky,

Mississippi, Tennessee 1,549 1,509 1,630 5 8

West South Central

Arkansas, Louisiana,

Oklahoma, Texas 2,450 2,585 2,550 4 -1

Mountain

Arizona, Colorado,

Idaho, Montana,

Nevada, New Mexico,

Utah, Wyoming 1,243 1,603 1,410 13 -12

Pacific (b)

California, Oregon,

Washington 704 900 888 26 -1

U.S. Average (b) 1,217 1,282 1,260 4 -2

(a) “Normal” is based on calculations of data from 1971 through 2000.

(b) Excludes Alaska and Hawaii.

(c) Percent change is not meaningful: normal is less than 100 or ratio

is incalculable.

Notes: Degree-days are relative measurements of outdoor air

temperature used as an index for heating and cooling energy

requirements. Cooling degree-days are the number of degrees

that the daily average temperature rises above 65[degrees]

F. Heating degree-days are the number of degrees that the

daily average temperature falls below 65[degrees]F. The daily

average temperature is the mean of the maximum and minimum

temperatures in a 24-hour period. For example, if a weather

station recorded an average daily temperature of 78[degrees]

F, cooling degree-days for that station would be 13 (and 0

heating degree-days). A weather station recording an average

daily temperature of 40[degrees]F would report 25 heating

degree-days for that day (and 0 cooling degree-days).

Web Pages: * See http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html for

current data. * See http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/aer/overview.html for

historical data.

Sources: See end of section.

Figure 1.1 Energy Overview

[GRAPHICS OMITTED]

Overview, October 2004

Production 5.789

Imports 2.831

Exports 0.343

Consumption 7.979

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Net Imports, January-October

2002 21.417

2003 22.644

2004 23.722

Note: Because vertical scales differ, graphs should

not be compared.

Web Page: http//www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Source: Table 1.1 and 1.4.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Figure 1.2 Energy Production

[GRAPHICS OMITTED]

Total, January-October

2002 59.201

2003 58.741

2004 59.014

Note: Table made from bar graph.

By Major Sources, October 2004

Coal 1.945

Natural Gas 1.579

Crude Oil 0.919

Nuclear Electric Power 0.653

Hydroelectric Power (a) 0.186

(a) Conventional and pumped storage hydroelectric power.

Note: Because vertical scales differ, graphs should

not be compared

Web Page: http//www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Figure 1.3 Energy Consumption

[GRAPHICS OMITTED]

Total, January-Octore

2002 81.081

2003 81.536

2004 82.812

Note: Table made from bar graph.

By Major Source, October 2004

Petroleum 3.434

Coal 1.852

Natural Gas 1.573

Nuclear Electric Power 0.653

Hydroelectric Power (a) 0.186

(a) Conventional and pumped storage hydroelectic power.

Note: Because vertical scales differ, graphs should

not be compared.

Web Page: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Source: Table 1.3.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Figure 1.4 Energy Net Imports

[GRAPHICS OMITTED]

By Major Sources, October 2004

Coal -0.020

Crude Oil 1.907

Petroleum Products 0.318

Natural Gas 0.274

Note: Table made from bar graph.

As Share of Consumption, January-October

2002 26.4

2003 27.8

2004 28.6

Note: Because vertical scales difer, graphs should

not be compared.

Web Page: http//www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Source: Table 1.3 and 1.4

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Figure 1.5 Merchandise Trade Value

[GRAPHICS OMITTED]

Figure 1.6 Cost of Fuels to End Users in Constant

(1982-1984) Dollars

[GRAPHICS OMITTED]

Cost, October 2004

Electricity (a,b) 13.97

Motor Gasoline (b) 8.75

Natural Gas (b,c) 5.93

Heating Oil (a,c) 6.80

(a) Excludes taxes.

(b) Includes taxes.

(c) Residential.

Note: Because vertical scales differ, graps should

not be compared.

Web Page: http//www.eai.doe.gov/emeu/mer/overview.html.

Source: Table 1.6.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Figure 1.7 Overview of U.S. Petroleum Trade

Overview, November 2004

Imports from Persian Gulf 2.6

Imports from OPEC 5.7

Total Imports 13.2

Exports 1.0

Net Imports 12.2

Products Supplied 20.8

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Imports from OPEC and the Persian Gulf as

a Share of Total Imports

(1977) (2003)

OPEC 70.3% 42.1%

Persian Gulf 27.8% 20.4%

Note: Table made from line graph.

2002 2003 2004

OPEC 40.2 42.0 43.7

Persian Gulf 19.5 20.5 19.3

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Net Imports as Share of Products Supplied

(1977) 46.5%

(1985) 27.3%

(2003) 56.1%

Note: Table made from line graph.

2002 53.8

2003 56.4

2004 58.0

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Figure 1.8 Energy Consumption per Dollar of Gross Domestic Product

[GRAPHIC OMITTED]

Figure 1.9 Motor Vehicle Fuel Rates

[GRAPHIC OMITTED]

Energy Overview

Note 1. Energy Production: Includes production of fossil fuels (coal, dry natural gas, crude oil and lease condensate, and natural gas plant liquids), nuclear electric power, pumped-storage hydroelectric power, and renewable energy. Renewable energy production is assumed to be equivalent to: end-use consumption of wood, waste, alcohol fuels, geothermal heat pump and direct use energy, and solar thermal direct use and photovoltaic energy; and electricity net generation from conventional hydroelectric power, wood, waste, geothermal, solar, and wind. Approximate heat contents (Btu values) are derived by using the conversion factors provided in Appendix A. See Section 10 for further information on renewable energy.

Note 2. Energy Consumption: Includes consumption of fossil fuels (coal, natural gas, and petroleum), some secondary energy derived from fossil fuels (supplemental gaseous fuels and coal coke net imports), nuclear electric power, pumped-storage hydroelectric power, renewable energy, and net imports of electricity. Renewable energy consumption includes: end-use consumption of wood, waste, alcohol fuels, geothermal heat pump and direct use energy, and solar thermal direct use and photovoltaic energy and net electricity generation from conventional hydroelectric power, wood, waste, geothermal, solar, and wind. Approximate heat contents (Btu values) are derived by using the conversion factors provided in Appendix A. See Section 10 for further information on renewable energy.

Note 3. Energy Imports: Includes imports of fossil fuels (coal, natural gas, and petroleum, including crude oil imported for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve), some secondary energy derived from fossil fuels (coal coke imports), and electricity. Approximate heat contents (Btu values) are derived by using the conversion factors provided in Appendix A. See Section 10 for further information on renewable energy.

Note 4. Energy Exports: Includes exports of fossil fuels (coal, natural gas, and petroleum), some secondary energy derived from fossil fuels (coal coke exports), and electricity. Approximate heat contents (Btu values) are derived by using the conversion factors provided in Appendix A. See Section 10 for further information on renewable energy.

Note 5. Merchandise Trade Value: Import data presented are based on the customs value. That value does not include insurance and freight and is consequently lower than the cost, insurance, and freight (CIF) value, which is also reported by the Bureau of the Census. All export data, and import data prior to 1981, are on a free alongside ship (f.a.s.) Basis.

“Balance” is exports minus imports; a positive balance indicates a surplus trade value and a negative balance indicates a deficit trade value. “Energy” includes mineral fuels, lubricants, and related material. “Non-Energy Balance” and “Total Merchandise” include foreign exports (i.e., re-exports) and nonmonetary gold and Department of Defense Grant-Aid shipments. The “Non-Energy Balance” is calculated by subtracting the “Energy” from the “Total Merchandise Balance.”

“Imports” consist of government and nongovernment shipments of merchandise into the 50 States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the U.S. Foreign Trade Zones. They reflect the total arrival from foreign countries of merchandise that immediately entered consumption channels, warehouses, the Foreign Trade Zones, or the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. They exclude shipments between the United States, Puerto Rico, and U.S. possessions, shipments to U.S. Armed Forces and diplomatic missions abroad for their own use, U.S. goods returned to the United States by its Armed Forces, and in-transit shipments.

Table 1.5 Sources

U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Foreign Trade Division:

Petroleum Exports

1974-1987: “U.S. Exports,” FT410, December issues.

1988 and 1989: “Report on U.S. Merchandise Trade,” Final Revisions.

1990-1992: “U.S. Merchandise Trade,” Final Report.

1993-2002: “U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,” Annual Revision.

2003 and 2004: “U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,” FT-900, monthly.

Petroleum Imports

1974-1987: “U.S. Merchandise Trade,” FT900, December issues, 1975-1988.

1989: “Report on U.S. Merchandise Trade,” Final Revisions.

1990-1993: “U.S. Merchandise Trade,” Final Report.

1994-2002: “U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,” Annual Revision.

2003 and 2004: “U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,” FT-900, monthly.

Energy Exports and Imports

1974-1987: U.S. merchandise trade press releases and database printouts for adjustments.

1988: January-July, monthly FT-900 supplement, 1989 issues. August-December, monthly FT-900, 1989 issues.

1989: Monthly FT-900, 1990 issues.

1990-1992: “U.S. Merchandise Trade,” Final Report.

1993-2002: “U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,” Annual Revision.

Petroleum, Energy, and Non-Energy Balances

Calculated by the Energy Information Administration.

Total Merchandise

1974-1987: U.S. merchandise trade press releases and database printouts for adjustments.

1988: “Report on U.S. Merchandise Trade, 1988 Final Revisions,” August 18, 1989.

1989: “Report on U.S. Merchandise Trade, 1989 Revisions,” July 10, 1990.

1990: “U.S. Merchandise Trade, 1990 Final Report,” May 10, 1991, and “U.S. Merchandise Trade, December 1992,” February 18, 1993, page 3.

1991: “U.S. Merchandise Trade, 1992 Final Report,” May 12, 1993.

1992-2002: “U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,” Annual Revision.

2003 and 2004: “U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services,” FT-900, monthly.

Tables 1.10 and 1.11 Sources

There are several degree-day databases maintained by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The information published here is developed by the National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center, Camp Springs, MD. The data are available weekly with monthly summaries and are based on mean daily temperatures recorded at about 200 major weather stations around the country. The temperature information recorded at those weather stations is used to calculate statewide degree-day averages based on population.

The State figures are then aggregated into Census Divisions and into the national average. The population weights currently used represent resident State population data estimated for the 2000 Census by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. The data provided here are available sooner than the Historical Climatology Series 5-1 (heating degree-days) and 5-2 (cooling degree-days) developed by the National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC, which compiles data from some 8,000 weather stations.

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